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5 places you can get ringworm

Ringworm is a contagious skin condition that is especially prevalent among children. According to a Health34 review, up to 20% of people will have ringworm at some stage of their lives.

Let’s look at five body parts that are commonly affected by ringworm:   

1. Scalp (tinea capitis)

Ringworm of the scalp mainly infects children, but adults can get it too. Pets may carry the fungal infection on their skin underneath their fur. Children often pet, groom, or play with their pets, not knowing they are infected, and end up getting infected too. 

Animals leave traces of the fungus on surfaces they come into contact with, such as beds and couches. Once a person’s head touches these surfaces, the fungus may infest their scalp. Sharing combs and hats with other people may also cause the fungus to spread.

                                                                                                 iStock

2. Hands (tinea manus)

We use our hands to touch the things around us, making this a common area affected by ringworm. It can be contracted through contact with an infected person, object or animal, but the most common way for hands to get infected is by touching other infected body parts and not washing our hands properly afterwards. (Ringworm gets itchy, so people tend to scratch.) 

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3. Groin (tinea cruris) 

This is commonly known as jock itch, and generally affects men. Jock itch is an itchy rash in the groin area, usually in the crease between the scrotum and thighs, but it often spreads. Skinny jeans can cause jock itch as tight-fitting clothing traps moisture from sweat, creating an ideal environment for the fungus to grow.

Research shows that fungi thrive in warm, moist areas of the body, like the groin and feet. People who are overweight are more likely to get ringworm here if they sweat a lot and have folds of overlapping skin. 

                                                                                                iStock

4. Nails (tinea unguium) 

Ringworm of the nails generally affects the toenails more than the fingernails (not to be confused with athlete’s foot). It can for example be contracted at the gym. When you exercise, you usually wear sneakers or tight shoes, and chances are good that you’ll have sweaty feet and damp shoes by the end of the session. This damp and moist environment is ideal for the fungus to grow.

You can also contract the fungal infection if you wear closed shoes at work. It is important to ensure that shoes get enough air and dry out properly once you take them off.

                                                                                                 iStock

5. Feet (tinea pedis)

Most commonly known as athlete’s foot, ringworm of the feet is caused by the same fungus that causes jock itch. Public bathrooms and public showers are ideal places for the fungus to grow. If you walk barefoot in for instance a public restroom or shower, it’s likely that you’ll come into contact with this fungus. 

As mentioned, athlete’s foot should not be confused with ringworm of the toenails. When using a public restroom, always wear closed shoes, and when stepping into a public shower make sure you’re wearing flip-flops. 

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Rash or Redness – Localized

Is this your symptom?

  • Rash or redness on one part of the body (localized or clustered)
  • Cause of rash is unknown
  • Includes:
  • Localized areas of redness or skin irritation
  • Rash may be smooth or slightly bumpy
  • Rash may look like small spots, large spots, or solid red

Some Basics.

..

  • Localized rashes that people may know are: athlete’s foot, insect bites, and poison ivy. If one of these is the problem, use that Care Guide. If not, use this Care Guide.
  • The main cause of a new rash is often skin contact with some irritant.
  • The main cause of a localized rash that does not go away is often contact dermatitis. This is an allergic skin reaction.
  • Cellulitis is an infection of the skin with spreading redness. The skin is also painful, tender to touch, and warm. There may or may not be discharge. Antibiotic drugs are needed.

Common Causes

  • Acne
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Cellulitis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Eczema
  • Intertrigo (rash between skin folds)
  • Jock itch
  • Poison ivy or poison oak

What is Contact Dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin reaction that occurs after repeated contacts with the allergic substance. It most often appears as raised red spots in one area. Sometimes it becomes groupings of blisters. Where the rash is found may suggest its cause.

  • Poison ivy or oak: often found on exposed skin like hands and forearms.
  • Nickel (metal): often found on the neck from necklaces and earlobes from earrings. Found on the wrist from a watch or bracelet. Also found on the stomach from metal snaps on pants.
  • Tanning agents in leather: often found on the feet from leather shoes. Also found on the hands after wearing leather gloves.
  • Preservatives in creams, sunscreens, shampoos: rash will be found where the product was used.
  • Neomycin in antibiotic ointment: rash will be found where the product was used.

What is Intertrigo?

  • Symptoms: redness of the skin and moist areas between skin folds. Sometimes there may be mild burning, discomfort, or itching.
  • Location: it is often found under the breasts. In overweight people, it can happen in other places. It can be found where skin folds over and creates a moist pocket. This can be in places like where the stomach and upper thigh meet.
  • Risk Factors: obesity, heat, humidity, sweating, tight clothing, and diabetes.
  • Complications: may become infected with yeast. A secondary bacterial infection of the skin can happen.
  • Treatment: dry the moist area. Wear loose clothing or dry the area with a fan or hair dryer. Losing weight may help. Sometimes anti-fungal cream is helpful.

When to Call for Rash or Redness – Localized

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Purple or blood-colored spots or dots that are not from injury or friction
  • Bright red area or red streak (but not sunburn)
  • Rash is very painful
  • Fever
  • You feel weak or very sick
  • You think you need to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Looks like a boil, infected sore, or other infected rash
  • Severe itching
  • Genital area rash
  • Suspected Lyme disease (bull’s eye rash or tick bite in the past month)
  • Tender bumps in armpits
  • Many small blisters grouped in one part of the body
  • You think you need to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • Rash lasts more than 7 days
  • Red, moist, irritated area between skin folds (or under larger breasts)
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Mild localized rash or redness

Care Advice

Mild Localized Rash

  1. What You Should Know:
    • The main cause of a new rash is often skin contact with some irritant. The main cause of a localized rash that does not go away is often contact dermatitis. This is an allergic skin reaction.
    • You can treat minor localized rashes at home.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Avoid the Cause: Try to find the cause. The rash may be from irritants like a plant, chemicals, or fiberglass. A new makeup or jewelry can also cause contact dermatitis. A pet may carry the irritant in its fur. An example of this is poison ivy or poison oak.

  3. Avoid Soap: Wash the area once with soap to remove any irritants. Then avoid using soaps in this area. When needed, cleanse with warm water.

  4. Cold Pack for Itching:
    • Use a cold pack or ice wrapped in a wet cloth.
    • Put it on the itchy area for 20 minutes. Do this every 3 to 4 hours.
    • This may help decrease the itch.
  5. Hydrocortisone Cream for Itching:
    • You can use hydrocortisone for very itchy spots.
    • Put 1% hydrocortisone cream on the itchy areas 3 times a day. Use the cream for a couple of days, until it feels better. This will help decrease the itching.
    • This is an over-the-counter (OTC) drug. You can buy it at the drugstore.
    • Some people like to keep the cream in the refrigerator. It feels even better if the cream is used when it is cold.
    • Caution: do not use hydrocortisone cream for more than 1 week without talking to your doctor.
    • Caution: do not use if you suspect the cause is ringworm, impetigo, jock itch, or athlete’s foot.
    • Read the instructions and warnings on the package insert for all medicines you take.
  6. Avoid Scratching: Try not to scratch the rash. Cut your fingernails short so you do not scratch.

  7. How It Is Spread:
    • Adults with a rash caused by an irritating substance can go to work or school.
    • They will not spread the rash.
  8. What to Expect: Most of these rashes go away in 2 to 3 days.

  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Rash spreads or becomes worse
    • Rash lasts more than 1 week
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

Nickel Contact Dermatitis

  1. What You Should Know:
    • Some people have an allergy to nickel-containing metals. Nickel is often present in less expensive jewelry.
    • If you are uncertain if you have a nickel allergy, ask your doctor.
    • You can treat this at home.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Symptoms. People with nickel allergy can get an itchy rash where the metal touches their skin:
    • Finger (rings), ear lobes (ear rings)
    • Lower abdomen (belt buckle, metal snap on jeans)
    • Neck (neck chains)
    • Wrist (bracelets and wrist watches)
  3. Hydrocortisone Cream for Itching:
    • Put 1% hydrocortisone cream on the itchy red area 3 times a day. Use it for 5 days. This will help decrease the itching.
    • This is an over-the-counter (OTC) drug. You can buy it at the drugstore.
    • Some people like to keep the cream in the refrigerator. It feels even better if the cream is used when it is cold.
    • Caution: do not use hydrocortisone cream for more than 1 week without talking to your doctor.
    • Read the instructions and warnings on the package insert for all medicines you take.
  4. What to Expect:
    • If you stop wearing the nickel-containing jewelry, the redness and itching should go away in 7 to 14 days.
    • Make an appointment to see your doctor, if it does not.
  5. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Rash spreads or becomes worse
    • Rash lasts more than 1 week
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 11/25/2021 1:00:43 AM
Last Updated: 10/21/2021 1:00:48 AM

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Fungal Skin Infections | Premier Dermatology

 

Fungal infections are due to an overgrowth of fungus on the skin.

Microscopic-sized organisms called live normally on everyone’s skin without causing problems. In some instances they grow out of control and cause fungal infections of the skin, hair, and nails.

Fungal skin infection are very common. They are especially among children and teenagers, but can affect people of all ages.

Fungal infections can appear anywhere on the body and lead to a variety of symptoms depending on the type and location of fungi.

The symptoms of fungal skin infections include:

  • Skin: Itchy, red, raised, scaly patches that may blister and ooze. The patches often have sharply-defined edges. They are often redder around the outside with normal skin tone in the center. This may create the appearance of a ring. Your skin may also appear unusually dark or light.
  • Hair: If your scalp or beard is infected, you may develop bald patches.
  • Nails: Fungal infections of the toenails or fingernails can cause the nails to become discolored and thick.

Some fungal infections are given unique names to describe their location or the type of fungi involved.

Ringworm

Fungal infections on the body is often referred to as “ringworm”. This is because the rash sometimes appears as a ring, or partial ring. This is a confusing and unnecessarily alarming name because the rash is not caused by a worm.

When ringworm appears on the body, it may be called “tinea corporis“. When it appears in the genital area, it is referred to as “jock itch” or “tinea cruris“.

When a fungal infectionappears on the scalp, it may be called “tinea capitis“.Tinea capitis can lead to hair loss.

Athlete’s Foot (tinea pedis)

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the feet and is very common between the toes. Feet that remain in shoes all day retain warmth and moisture, which promote the growth of fungi.

Onychomycosis (tinea uguium)

Onychomycosis refers to a fungal infection of the toenail or fingernail.

Infections that involve the base of the nail (the nail bed) are more difficult to treat and often recur without sufficient treatment.

Fungal nail infection may require the removal of part or all of the nail and/or the use of oral antifungal medications.

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a common and harmless fungal infection caused by Pityriasis versicolor. It appears on the back, chest, neck, and upper arms as light-colored patches of discolored skin.

Tinea Nigra

Tinea nigra is a fungal infection caused by specific type of fungi (exophiala phaeoannellomyces) found in the soil of tropical regions. The infection generally occurs in individuals prone to excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis). It appears as slowly expanding brown or black patches on the skin of the palms and/or soles.

How Are Fungal Infections Diagnosed?

Your physician will diagnose a fungal infection primarily based on the appearance of the skin.

A Wood’s lamp may be used to identify fungi that appear fluorescent under its blue light. The skin may also be scraped to obtain cells for examination under a microscope or for growth in a fungal “culture” that is sent to a lab for identification.

How Are Fungal Infections Treated?

Most cases of ringworm (jock itch and athlete’s foot) and and tinea versicolor can be treated effectively with antifungal medications applied to the skin (topical medications).

Tinea capitis often requires the use of an oral antifungal agent, such as griseofulvin, because the fungi can reside deep in the hair follicles and can’t be reached by topical medications.

Similarly, nail infections where the fungi have penetrated the nail bed may require an oral antifungal, though some specially formulated topical antifungals might be tried first.

Tinea nigra generally responds well to topical antifungal agents and peeling agents such as salicylic acid or topical retinoids.

The paper-thin patches of fungal overgrowth found with tinea versicolor can be treated effectively with topical antifungal solutions.

What Should I Expect from Treatment?

Topical medications applied to the skin are usually effective at treating fungal infections within 4 weeks. If your infection is severe or resistant (meaning that it does not respond well to self-care), it will usually respond quickly to oral medications.

How Can I Prevent a Fungal Infection?

Fungal infections on the skin are contagious. They can be passed from one person to the next by direct skin-to-skin contact or by contact with contaminated items such as combs, unwashed clothing, and shower or pool surfaces. You can also catch ringworm from pets that carry the fungus. Cats are common carriers.

Fungi thrive in warm, moist areas. Infections are more likely when you have frequent wetness (such as from sweating) and minor injuries to your skin, scalp, or nails.

To prevent fungal infections:

  • Keep your skin and feet clean and dry.
  • Shampoo regularly, especially after haircuts.
  • Do not share clothing, towels, hairbrushes, combs, headgear, or other personal care items. Such items should be thoroughly cleaned and dried after use.
  • Wear sandals or shoes at gyms, lockers, and pools.
  • Avoid touching pets with bald spots. Wash your hands if you pet a stray animal.

Treatment of Fungal Infections | Calabasas Dermatology Center

Ringworm Fungal Infection Treatment

There are no worms in ringworm. It is a fungal infection of the skin that produces a circular rash that looks as if a worm has burrowed beneath the skin. While ringworm is not dangerous for most, it can be an uncomfortable and unsightly skin condition, and when on the head, can leave a bald spot. It can easily resolve and clear up with the correct treatment. Ringworm can appear in both adults and children. If your suspect your child has ringworm, contact us to schedule a pediatric consultation so it can be treated and resolved as quickly as possible.

Causes of Ringworm

Ringworm (tinea corporis) is closely related to other fungal skin infections such as athlete’s foot and jock itch. Contact between the skin and a source of infection, such as a person or animal who also has ringworm, dirty clothing or furnishings, or even infected soil can cause ringworm to develop. Ringworm spreads more easily in warm climates and in hot, moist areas such as showers and locker rooms. Tight clothing that holds heat and moisture on the skin is also conducive to an environment perfect for the establishment of the fungus and the spread of ringworm.

Ringworm is not normally dangerous, but it is highly contagious. Leaving it untreated poses a risk to others in your household, and those you contact in your daily life. Ringworm, like any other infection, can prove to be a rare but serious health hazard to those whose immune systems are compromised, such as individuals taking certain medications or who are struggling with HIV.

Symptoms of Ringworm

Ringworm appears first as a circular, scaly, reddened patch on the skin. It may be itchy. Over several weeks, the edges of the circle expand outward into a wavy ridge, forming a ring. Some people develop multiple overlapping rings. The center of the ring may be normal, scaled, or marked by scattered red bumps. If it forms on the scalp, ringworm can lead to hair loss – an unsightly problem that should be resolved with the right treatment.

Treatment for Ringworm

Ringworm usually resolves with over-the-counter antifungal treatments. If it does not go away within two weeks, it is important to have your condition evaluated by our Calabasas dermatologist. Prescription-strength antifungal medicine may be the only way to resolve the condition. If the ringworm has developed in an area that is harder to treat, such as the scalp or beneath the nails, oral anti-fungal medicine may be used instead. Your skincare expert at the Calabasas Dermatology Center with help you resolve ringworm outbreaks with the correct treatment.

West Palm Beach Ringworm Treatment

Skin fungal infections can cause rashes, itching, irritation and blisters that can be aggravating and uncomfortable. There are many different types of skin fungal infections, but one of the most common that affects the body is ringworm. Like most skin fungal infections, ringworm is contagious and can require dermatology treatment to stop the symptoms and spread. At Precision Medical Specialists, our dermatology clinic offers ringworm treatment at our medical center in Wellington, FL.

Causes and Symptoms of Skin Fungal Infections

Ringworm, athlete’s foot, jock itch and yeast infections are all types of skin fungal infections. All except yeast infections are contagious and can be passed from human to human – ringworm can also be spread from animal or objects to human. With contagious skin fungal infections like ringworm, anyone that comes in contact with the fungus is susceptible, but those with a compromised immune system or living in warm climates may be at higher risk.

Symptoms of most skin fungal infections include a rash, itching, swelling and irritation of the skin in the affected area. Athlete’s foot and jock itch are usually on the feet and genitals, while yeast infections tend to affect moist skin folds. Ringworm is unique in that it can affect any part of the body and does have a distinct appearance. Symptoms of ringworm include:

  • A round red circle with clearer skin inside
  • Scaly skin with red bumps inside the red ring
  • Itching
  • Round, raised rings
  • Flat rings of itchy or scaly skin

Ringworm patches or rings can overlap, and there can be multiple rings all over the body.

Get Effective Fungal Infections Treatment

Skin fungal infections and ringworm treatment are typically antifungal topical creams or sprays that can be bought over-the-counter in drug stores or pharmacies. However, if an infection is severe or persistent, you may require prescription treatments or medications to control the infection.

If you have a skin fungal infection that is not responding to OTC medications or treatments, contact us at Precision Medical Specialists. Our team can schedule a ringworm or skin fungal injection consultation with our dermatologist, Dr. Katherine Chiang. Contact our medical center in Wellington near West Palm Beach to book your appointment.

Swelling Behind the Ear Causes & How to Reduce Swelling

Lymph node inflammation behind the ear

There are lymph nodes behind the ear. Lymph nodes are where your immune cells live, and when they become enlarged, it could be from a nearby infection, immune response, or even backlog of blood.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: pain behind the ear, swelling behind the ears

Symptoms that always occur with lymph node inflammation behind the ear: swelling behind the ears

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Swimmer’s ear (otitis externa)

Swimmer’s ear, or otitis externa, is an infection of the canal which runs from the eardrum to the opening of the ear.

It is caused by anything that introduces bacteria, fungus, or a virus into the canal. Water that stays inside the ear after swimming is a common cause, as are cotton swabs used for cleaning or earpieces that create irritation.

Most susceptible are children, because they have narrower ear canals that do not drain well.

Early symptoms include redness, itching, and discomfort inside the ear canal, sometimes with drainage of clear fluid.

Even mild symptoms should be treated because they can quickly get worse. The infection can spread and intensify, becoming very painful with increased drainage, swelling, fever, and loss of hearing.

Diagnosis is made through patient history and physical examination of the ear canal. Lab tests may be done on a sample of the discharge from the ear.

Treatment includes having a medical provider clean the ear canal of debris and discharge, and a prescription for antibiotic and/or steroid eardrops.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: fever, ear canal pain, ear fullness/pressure, jaw pain, ear pain that gets worse when moving

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the deep layers of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the feet, lower legs, and face.

The condition can develop if Staphylococcus bacteria enter broken skin through a cut, scrape, or existing skin infection such as impetigo or eczema.

Most susceptible are those with a weakened immune system, as from corticosteroids or chemotherapy, or with impaired circulation from diabetes or any vascular disease.

Symptoms arise somewhat gradually and include sore, reddened skin.

If not treated, the infection can become severe, form pus, and destroy the tissue around it. In rare cases, the infection can cause blood poisoning or meningitis.

Symptom of severe pain, fever, cold sweats, and fast heartbeat should be seen immediately by a medical provider.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination.

Treatment consists of antibiotics, keeping the wound clean, and sometimes surgery to remove any dead tissue. Cellulitis often recurs, so it is important to treat any underlying conditions and improve the immune system with rest and good nutrition.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: fever, chills, facial redness, swollen face, face pain

Symptoms that always occur with cellulitis: facial redness, area of skin redness

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Branchial cleft anomaly

A branchial cleft anomaly (abnormality) is a mass of unusual tissues within the neck. These tissues may form fluid-filled pockets called cysts, or they may form passages (called fistulas) that drain to an opening in the skin.

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: shortness of breath, neck bump, painful neck lump, trouble swallowing, swollen neck

Symptoms that never occur with branchial cleft anomaly: bleeding from the ear

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Chronic inflammation of the salivary gland (parotitis)

The parotid glands are large salivary glands that sit inside each cheek, over the jaw in front of each ear. Chronic recurrent parotitis is a condition that causes repeated cycles of swelling in these glands, causing swelling and occasionally dry mouth or a strange taste.

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: jaw pain, moderate fever, swollen jaw, dry mouth, swelling behind the ears

Symptoms that always occur with chronic inflammation of the salivary gland (parotitis): swollen jaw

Urgency: Primary care doctor

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Illnesses – Ra-Sz

RINGWORM
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LIST]

General
Information:
Ringworm is a fungal infection that
occurs most commonly on the skin, but can occasionally
occur in the scalp. It usually appears as a ring-shaped,
reddish patch with raised edges and a clear, flat center.
Ringworm is usually about ½ inch across, but can be
larger especially if hydrocortisone is placed on it for a
few days. It can be transferred from other children or from
cats or dogs.

When
ringworm occurs in the scalp, it usually appears as
enlarging patches of hair loss with a scaly scalp. It
usually occurs in children 2 to 10 years of age. In
advanced cases, the scalp can become quite swollen and pus
pockets can develop in the scalp called kerion. This
infection is usually transferred from other children and
not from animals.

Treatment:

  1. For ringworm of the skin apply Tinactin or
    Micatin cream (which do not require a prescription) twice
    a day until the rash has cleared.
  2. Place the cream abut one inch beyond the red
    borders to make sure that you have killed all the fungus
    and continue the medicine for one week beyond the time it
    appears cleared.
  3. You can treat your pets with the same medicine
    if you see ringworm on their skin.
  4. The contagiousness with ringworm is so low that
    your child can go to school. However, after treating with
    an antifungal cream, go ahead and place a bandage over
    the area for one or two days.
  5. For ringworm of the scalp, your child will need
    an oral antifungal agent prescribed and need to be
    treated for 6 to 12 weeks.
  6. Use an antifungal shampoo such as Selsun twice
    a week and leave on the scalp for 10 minutes at each
    shampoo. This will reduce the contagiousness and allow
    your child to return to school.
  7. It is unnecessary to shave your child’s head
    when he has ringworm.
  8. You will need to return to your doctor for a
    follow-up visit for the scalp ringworm, but not for
    ringworm of the skin.
  9. Call your doctor if the skin ringworm is not
    looking better after one week or the scalp ringworm is
    getting larger two weeks after the oral medicine has been
    started.

 

SCABIES
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cabies is caused by the human itch mite, which
is too tiny for most people to see with the unaided
eye.  When one organism gets onto human skin, it
burrows into the top layer of dead skin and lays
eggs.  The eggs hatch in 5 days; those mites burrow in
and produce more eggs. During this initial phase of
reproduction a few hundred mites are produced and the human
host experiences no itching or rash but is contagious to
others.  Finally after 2 or 3 weeks the human becomes
allergic to the mites and an itchy rash develops.  At
the worst point of itching only a dozen or so mites are
present, because the allergic response has already killed
many of the mites.

The rash
is usually extremely itchy, especially at night. 
Dozens to hundreds of tiny bumps are present all over the
body, with greater concentrations in the fold areas, such
as finger webs, wrist folds, armpits, belly button, under
the breasts, and between the buttocks.  There is often
a rash on the nipples and genitals.  Older children
and adults almost never have the rash above the neck and on
the palms and soles, but infants frequently have the rash
at those sites.  Some people have only a mild allergic
reaction and develop only a few faint bumps with mild
itching. Scabies mites are passed by skin-to-skin contact,
usually among people sleeping together, and to children who
are hugged and carried by adults.  Casual contact such
as handshaking or contact in crowds does not pass the
organism.  Mites live in the skin and do not come off
easily, but occasionally an organism is shed into clothing
or bedding where another human may contract it; such
passage is rare, partially because the organism can survive
off a human host for only a few hours. Treatment of scabies
is simple and effective.  Children and adults apply a
cream or lotion (prescribed by the doctor) to their entire
skin surface below the neck.  Do not apply just to
rash or itchy areas, and do not skip the buttock folds,
genitals, toe webs or other difficult treatment
areas.  The medication is applied at bedtime and
washed off in the morning.  One or 2 treatments are
adequate depending on the medication prescribed.  Bed
partners should be treated simultaneously.  Infants
may be given a different medication than the one used by
adults; they should be treated on the face and scalp as
well as elsewhere. Itching usually persists for a few days,
or even up to 2 weeks after treatment, because it takes
time for the allergic reaction to subside.  Your
doctor may prescribe creams or pills to relieve the
itching.  Do not increase your frequency of bathing or
repeatedly use the antiscabies cream because that further
irritates the skin and can increase itching.  If you
think that you still have scabies or have reacquired it,
you should return to the doctor for examination.

Simple
precautions should be taken to prevent the spread of
scabies in the home.  First, all occupants who are in
intimate contact with each other should be treated at the
same time (whether or not they are itching).  The
morning after treatment the bed linen and night clothes
should be washed, as well as the clothes which were worn
the previous day.  No other clothes or furnishings
need be cleaned.  Don’t forget scabies mites survive
less that 24 hours, so just setting aside
difficult-to-clean clothing for 1-2 days ensures that it
will be safe to use again.

SEIZURES WITH FEVER
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General
Information:

rom
the age of 6 months until 6 years of age children are
susceptible to seizures (uncontrolled rhythmic shaking of
the extremities) when they have high fever, usually greater
than 103 degrees. These are quite common occurring in about
one out of every 20 children and are the most common type
of seizure. The seizures usually last about one to five
minutes and while they scare the parents to death, they are
virtually always harmless. The child is usually sleepy for
several hours after the seizure. The fever can be caused by
an infection in almost any area of the body and by both a
bacterial infection or a viral infection.

About 60%
of the children only have one febrile seizure in their
life, but 40% will have two or more.  Normally
physicians do not treat febrile seizures with seizure
medication, but they will treat a bacterial cause of
infection with antibiotics (for example, ear infections or
strep throat) and also use anti-fever medicines such as
acetaminophen and ibuprophen.

Treatment:

  1. Reduce the fever by giving your child
    acetaminophen or ibuprophen. These may be alternated
    every two to three hours if your child’s fever remains
    high. You may also give your child a tepid bath which
    will slowly bring down the temperature over 30-40
    minutes.
  2. During the seizure, try to keep your child’s
    airway open. Children do not “swallow their tongue”
    during a seizure since the tongue is held into place by
    tissue underneath, but they can vomit and aspirate which
    can be serious. Turn your child on his side and clean out
    any contents of his mouth with your
    finger.
  3. Do not try to restrain your child during the
    seizure; the seizure will end on its
    own.
  4. Do not try to force anything into your child’s
    mouth.
  5. Call your doctor if this is the first febrile
    convulsion your child has had. Your doctor will probably
    want to exam your child to make sure that he does not
    need to be treated for an infection of some
    type.

Prevention:

  1. Always try to have anti-fever medicines in your
    home to give to your child if she has a
    fever.
  2. If your child has had a seizure before, always
    keep anti-fever medicines with you
    also.
  3. Physicians do not normally give children
    anti-seizure medication for children who have had febrile
    seizures unless the child has had many because the
    medication would have to be given twice a day every day
    and they have significant side effects. It does not help
    to give seizure medicines only when a child has a fever
    because they take too long to begin working.

 

SINUS INFECTIONS
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General
Information:

A
sinus infection is a bacterial infection of one of the 7
sinuses that normally drain into the nose.  Sinus
congestion can occur without an infection if one of the
sinus openings becomes blocked from a cold or hay
fever.  As bacteria multiply within the sinuses, pain
and pressure occur above the eyebrow, behind the eye, or
over the cheekbone. 

Sinus
infections can cause lots of discharge, postnasal drip,
fever, chronic cough, and bad breath.  Swallowing
sinus secretions is normal and harmless but may lead to
some nausea.  Yellow or green discharge does not
guarantee a sinus infection since colds can also give you
discolored discharge. Treatment should reduce pain and
fever by 48 hours or less. Sinus infections are not
contagious.  Your child can return to school or day
care when she is feeling better and the fever is
gone.

Treatment:

  1. Antibiotics- This medicine will kill bacteria
    that are causing your child=s sinus infection.  Even
    though he will feel better in a few days, give all his
    medicine to prevent his infection from flaring
    up.
  2. Decongestant Nose Drops or Spray- To drain her
    sinuses, use a long-acting nose spray such as Dristan
    Long Lasting Spray or its generic equivalent. This is a
    non-prescription medication. The usual dose for young
    children is 1 drop or spray each day.  Give her the
    medicine every day for the first 3 days of
    treatment.  Thereafter, do not give her the spray or
    nose drops unless her sinus congestion or pain
    recurs.  Stop her drops or spray for 2 days out of
    every 7 days to prevent rebound swelling (an artificial
    recurrence of her drainage and swelling due to sudden
    removal of her medicine)  from
    occurring.
  3. Oral Antihistamines- If he has hay fever, give
    him an allergy medicine such as Benadryl, Dimetapp,
    Actifed, or Pediacare.  Otherwise, avoid
    antihistamines because they can slow the movement of his
    secretions out of his sinuses. 
  4. Pain Relief Medicines.  Acetaminophen
    (Tylenol, Tempra, or generic) can be given to her for a
    few days for sinus pain or any fever greater than 102
    degrees F (39 degrees C).

Call
Your Doctor If:

1. Redness or swelling occurring on his cheek,
eyelid, or forehead.
2. Her fever or pain is not gone after she has taken her
antibiotic for 48 hours.
3. His yellow nasal discharge is not gone after 5
days.

 

 

SORE
THROAT
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General
Information:

Most sore
throats are caused by viruses. The only bacteria which
often causes sore throats in children is the streptococcus
(the famous Astrep [email protected]). The only ways to
accurately diagnose strep throat is to do a throat culture
or a quicker (though slightly less accurate) 10-minute
strep test. The culture usually takes 36 to 48 hours for
results.

Strep
throat is treated for 2 reasons:

  • First, children will recover from symptoms more
    quickly (often dramatically) when given
    antibiotics.
  • Second, treatment prevents complications such
    as rheumatic fever (a heart and arthritis disease) or
    nephritis (a kidney disease). It is important to treat
    strep throat for a full 10 days even though your child
    may feel fine in 2 days. Otherwise his strep throat may
    come back quickly or a secondary complication may occur
    in him.

Before
the Culture Result is Back:

  1. Treat her fever and pain with acetaminophen
    (Tempra, Tylenol, Panadol, or generic) or ibuprofen
    (Advil, Nuprin, Motrin, or generic). Fever often will
    continue for 12-24 hours after antibiotics have been
    started even if she has a strep throat.
  2. Give him lots of cool fluids to cool his
    throat.
  3. If your child is older, throat gargles or
    lozenges (Chloraseptic, Cepacol, Listerine, etc.) may
    help reduce her pain.

Call
Your Doctor If:

1. He has trouble opening his mouth.
2. She develops difficulty breathing.
3. He suddenly looks more ill.
4. Her urine turns to the color of coke which might
indicate nephritis.

 

After
the Culture is Back:

  1. Continue the above
    treatments.
  2. If she has strep throat, give her the
    prescribed antibiotic for a full 10 days to prevent
    recurrence.
  3. If his culture is negative, he has a viral sore
    throat or tonsillitis. No antibiotic will help him. 
    His own body will eliminate the virus after a few
    days.

 

SPITTING UP
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General
Information:

Spitting
up occurs commonly in young babies, but varies greatly in
severity from baby to baby. It is seen more often when air
is swallowed during feedings, thus being seen more with
bottle feeding than with breast feeding. In its most severe
form called gastroesophageal reflux, the cause is believed
to be a weak ring of muscle guarding the entrance to the
stomach. Almost all infants will outgrow the tendency to
spit up by approximately 1 year of age.

Treatment:

  1. Feed your baby before he becomes frantically
    hungry, avoid feeding him lying flat, and make feeding
    time calm and free from distractions.
  2. Make sure the nipple hole is neither too small
    nor too big. Using a collapsible bottle (such as a
    Playtex Nurser) from which air may be expelled prior to
    feeding may be helpful.
  3. Burp your baby frequently, after every 1 or 2
    ounces of formula or 3 or 4 minutes of breast
    feeding.
  4. Place your infant upright for 20-30 minutes
    after each feeding and avoid vigorous
    activity.
  5. Elevate the head of her crib with blocks under
    the mattress (do not use a pillow in the crib). Place her
    to sleep on her side or back to reduce chances of Sudden
    Infant Death Syndrome.
  6. Do not change your baby’s formula on your own;
    certain formulas may decrease the amount that he is
    spitting up, but may not be nutritionally healthy for
    him.

Call
Your Doctor If:

1. Your baby is vomiting, which in contrast
to spitting up is quite forceful, large in quantity (most
if not all of his feeding), and distressing to your
baby.
2. She is spitting up and has frequent respiratory problems
or failure to gain weight. In these circumstances,
thickening her formula, giving her certain medications, or
rarely, surgery, may be needed for her.
3. His spitting up is worsening or is associated with signs
of illness in him such as fever,  diarrhea, cough, or
fussiness.

 

SUNBURN
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General Information:
Sunburn is damage to the skin caused by the ultraviolet
(UV) rays of the sun.  The pain and redness associated
with sunburns do not usually show up until two or more
hours after the exposure, increasing the likelihood of a
severe sunburn, since you think the sun exposure is less.
The full extent of the burn will not be seen until about 24
hours after sun exposure. Most sunburns are first degree
burns which show up only as a redness of the skin. In
severe cases one may have blistering and develop a second
degree burn.

Repeated sun exposure even without burns can lead to
premature aging of the skin manifested by early wrinkling,
sagging, or brown spots.  Repeated sunburns are
thought to dramatically increase the risk for skin cancers.
The more routine types of cancers are rarely fatal, but the
malignant melanoma which is also increased by repeated
sunburns has about a 50% mortality rate.

Treatment:

  1. Pain, which usually lasts for about 48 hours,
    can be relieved with acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra) or
    ibuprophen (Advil, Motrin) and cool baths or
    compresses.
  2. Use a moisturizer preferably unscented, to
    restore moisture to the skin; do not use vaseline or
    ointments because they keep heat and sweat from escaping.
    Some people have found aloe vera gel helpful to cool the
    burning and reduce the extent of peeling.
  3. Peeling will occur in about one week and is a
    good time to use more moisturizer.

Prevention:

  1. Use sunscreen any time your child will be
    outside for more than 30 minutes at a time especially
    during late spring to early fall.
  2. Increase the sun exposure time slowly in the
    spring so that your child can tan and thereby be
    protected from burning.
  3. About 15% of Caucasians never tan (usually they
    have red hair or blond hair and blue or green eyes) and
    they especially need to wear sunscreen.
  4. Infants skin is very thin and they should be
    protected by staying out of the sun or wearing protective
    clothing and a hat.
  5. Stay indoors from 10AM to 3PM when the sun’s
    rays are most direct.
  6. Sunburns are common on cloudy days since 70% of
    the rays penetrate clouds.
  7. Water, sand, and snow reflect sun rays
    increasing burns.
  8. Sunglasses with ultraviolet protection will
    decrease cataracts later in life.
  9. Use a sunscreen of SPF 15 (sun protection
    factor) or higher.
  10. Place the suncreen on 30 minutes before going
    outside to allow it to penetrate into the skin and pay
    special attention to high exposure areas such as the
    nose, ears, cheeks, and shoulders. Reapply every 3 to 4
    hours.
  11. Do not put first aid creams or sprays on your
    child’s skin since they contain benzocaine that can cause
    an allergic rash.
  12. Call your doctor for eye pain, fevers, or signs
    of infections.

SWIMMER’S EAR
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LIST]

General Information:

wimmer’s ear is caused by prolonged wetness of
your child’s ear canal.  This most commonly occurs in
older children who swim every day during the summer. 
It does not usually result from getting water in your
child’s ear from baths or showers. The only reason you
should be concerned about your infant or young child
getting water in her ear during bath time is if she has
tubes in her ears. The tubes provide a passage way to the
middle ear and bath water can cause a middle ear infection
under those circumstances.

Swimmer’s
ear causes a dull aching pain in your child that becomes
severe when his ear is bumped or his ear lobe is
pulled.  No fever or other impressive symptoms occur
elsewhere in his body.

Treatment:

  1. She should not swim for at least 1-2
    weeks.
  2. Use the prescribed ear drops in his ears for
    about 1 week.
  3. If her case is particularly severe, an oral
    antibiotic may be prescribed.
  4. His symptoms tend to resolve slowly over
    several days to a week.
  5. Acetaminophen (Tempra, Panadol, Tylenol, or
    generic) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin, etc.)
    should be given to her for pain especially at
    night.

Prevention:

After
swimming, do the following:

  1. He should tilt his head to each side and thump
    it to get excess water to drain.
  2. Make a mixture of white vinegar and alcohol in
    equal parts ( 1 ounce of vinegar and 1 ounce of alcohol)
    and place several drops in both her ears after swimming.
    This kills bacteria and dries out her ear
    canals.
  3. If he has a burning sensation when you place
    this mixture in his ears, he should stop swimming and
    stop using the alcohol/vinegar mixture for several
    days.  Restart the alcohol/vinegar mixture in 3-4
    days.  If he has the burning again, then call the
    office for prescription drops to treat him for swimmer’s
    ear.

 

 

The information contained within this website is no
substitution for timely medical care.

Feel free to copy the information on this web site and
give to friends and family. Contact Dr. Glenn Wood
at
Carousel Pediatrics (512) 744-6000 We are located at
7112 Ed Bluestein Blvd., #100 – Austin,
TX 78723

90,000 why does acne (acne) appear, how to get rid of

Pimples on the earlobe are not uncommon. Most often they are located on the ear canal or behind the auricle. It is very difficult to notice them, so you can recognize acne on the ear by such signs as pain, fever, itching and other unpleasant symptoms.

Causes of acne

Localization of acne on the ear occurs due to the accumulation of various microorganisms.The auricle is open to dirt, mechanical and climatic influences.

The causes of acne formation can be:

  1. Non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene. This is the most common cause, especially in children. These include rare washing of ears, touching with dirty hands, lack of a headdress, and so on.
  2. Colds. Most often, ear pimples form during the cold, damp season, during the swimming season and windy weather. If treatment is not started on time, furunculosis may develop.
  3. Mechanical impact. Frequent scratching of the earlobe, resulting in microtrauma. This can happen due to the friction that occurs when wearing tight headgear, scratches.
  4. Hormonal disruption that leads to rashes on various parts of the body.
  5. Nervous disorders, frequent stress.
  6. Unhealthy diet, abuse of fatty, salty, sweet foods.
  7. Allergy to cosmetics, detergents.
  8. Chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, disorders of the endocrine system).

Symptoms and signs of rashes

It is possible to recognize the formation of acne on the ear by the characteristic symptoms:

  • persistent itching;
  • painful sensations;
  • sometimes the temperature rises.

The most important symptom of the disease is the appearance of tubercles with a white or yellow head on various parts of the auricle. It is formed due to suppuration of the hair follicle and inflammation.

Consequences

If you ignore ear rashes, the following dangerous consequences are possible:

  1. Atheroma is a neoplasm that forms in the earlobe.If it is not treated for a long time, rapid growth is possible. In such cases, surgery is usually performed. If pus begins to accumulate in the atheroma, this will lead to inflammation of the adjacent tissues.
  2. Epidermoid cyst – the formation of a lump due to the rapid division of skin cells.
  3. Colloidal scar – it appears due to trauma to the skin of the ear.
  4. Dermatitis – with this disease, the ear skin becomes covered with a small rash and reddens, severe itching appears. If you do not start treatment, the disease spreads to adjacent tissues.

When to see a doctor

It is imperative to visit a doctor if:

  • pimple on the lobe does not go away within a week;
  • it grows rapidly in size;
  • severe pain present;
  • when pressed, liquid is released;
  • severe itching.

Important! If you have such symptoms, you should visit an otolaryngologist, who will already refer you to the right specialist.

Diagnostics

First you need to determine the causes of the rash.To do this, you should seek the help of a dermatologist who will conduct the necessary examination. A small rash indicates poor hygiene, if it is a single pimple, it may be a swelling.

Lipoma on the earlobe

There is no need to undergo additional examinations to diagnose acne. A medical examination will be enough. You can also take a blood test to exclude the possibility of the development of pathologies, as well as ultrasound, x-rays.

If the disease is detected at an early stage of development, treatment will be quick and easy.And in its absence, the development of an infectious process, melting of the eardrum, and hearing impairment are possible.

Important! The frequent appearance of acne on the earlobe should be the reason for going to the doctor and a complete examination.

Treatment

Treatment is based on the following methods:

  1. Treatment of auricles with disinfectants: alcohol tinctures, hydrogen peroxide.
  2. Use of special cosmetic masks, acne remedies or tar soap.
  3. Warming up internal acne with compresses.
  4. Using ear drops and ointments to help prevent the spread of acne.

Home treatments

To treat pimples that have appeared at home, an alcoholic tincture of calendula will be enough, which you need to treat the affected area.

Important! It is not recommended to use pure alcohol as it can cause burns.

Ordinary small pimples can be dried with iodine or zinc paste.If within a few days the condition has not improved, it is better to see a dermatologist.

Tea tree oil is excellent in the fight against skin rashes. It has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

You can use it in the following ways:

  1. Apply the oil directly to the pimple itself. This will help dry it faster and prevent further spread.
  2. Mix tea tree oil and water in a ratio of 1: 9, and apply the resulting solution to the pimple 3 times a day.

Honey, which can be combined with yoghurt, also has an excellent effect. For cooking, you need 1 tbsp. l. honey and 100 g of yogurt, mix everything and apply on the earlobe. Leave the mixture overnight, and in the morning rinse with warm water.

Treatment with pharmaceutical preparations

To cure ear pimples you can use:

  1. Tampons with ichthyol or Vishnevsky’s ointment. They perfectly help with purulent rashes and boils.
  2. Salicylic acid, which helps with multiple rashes.
  3. Iodine, camphor alcohol or iodinol – helps in the treatment of red acne.
  4. Levomycetin ear drops – help get rid of inflammatory processes inside the ear canal.

In case of injury to a pimple, it is imperative to treat this place with an antiseptic. This can be hydrogen peroxide, alcoholic tinctures, etc.

If the rash is associated with an allergic reaction, you should take antihistamines, for example, Suprastin. And hormonal agents can be prescribed by a doctor after a comprehensive examination.

Traditional methods

Traditional medicine will help to quickly relieve pain and will do an excellent job in the complex treatment of rashes.

The most popular methods are as follows:

  1. Aloe and Kalanchoe juice. You need to take 1 sheet of each plant, remove the skin and apply to the affected area overnight. To prevent the compress from falling off, it can be glued with a plaster.
  2. A decoction of chamomile, celandine, string and plantain (other herbs can be used).For cooking, you need to take 1 tbsp. l. each herb and mix with 100 ml of boiled water. Let it brew for a couple of hours and apply as a lotion 3-4 times a day for an hour.
  3. Compress of tomato, onion, cabbage and garlic gruel. It is necessary to take the same amount of each ingredient, for example, 1 tsp, mix thoroughly and apply to the affected area for half an hour. Then remove the bandage and rinse with condensed, boiled water. You need to make such compresses 2-3 times a day.
  4. In the summer, you can try to treat the skin around the pimple with juice from the stem of celandine.
  5. Plantain leaf. You need to take a freshly harvested leaf, rinse it and apply to the inflammation. Fix with a plaster and hold for several hours.
  6. Scrub from water, salt and shaving cream. Take 1 tsp. each ingredient and mix thoroughly. Apply the resulting mixture to the affected area, massage and leave for half an hour. Afterwards, remove the residues and treat the skin with an antiseptic. You need to repeat this procedure every day.
  7. Lemon juice, which is moistened with a cotton swab.Then he is applied to the affected area for several minutes. This procedure should be repeated no more than 2-3 times a week.

Surgical treatment

If a pimple has acquired a large size and poses a serious danger to human health, then the doctor chooses a surgical method of treatment. The sequence of actions is as follows:

  1. Anesthesia is administered.
  2. A pimple opens and fluid is squeezed out of it.
  3. If the pimple is damaged, it is removed with blunt scissors and syringes.
  4. The affected area is then disinfected and, if necessary, sutured.
  5. Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent inflammation and infection.

Preventive measures

In order to prevent rashes on the ear, you need to follow these rules:

  • Compulsory hygiene of hair and ears, as excessive accumulation of sebaceous glands and dirt leads to the rapid growth of bacteria;
  • to cleanse the skin using pharmaceutical and cosmetic products;
  • keeping clothes and hats clean;
  • ear jewelry should be periodically cleaned with disinfectants;
  • At least once a week, clean the telephone tubes, as they can be sources of infection;
  • eat properly and in a balanced way;
  • support immunity.

Important! In no case should you squeeze out acne, as this can lead to infection or the appearance of a boil.

Despite the fact that acne does not pose a serious danger to humans, it is better to deal with them in the early stages of onset. If timely treatment measures are not taken, this can lead to more serious consequences and long-term therapy. In addition, rashes can spoil the appearance and have a serious psychological effect on a person.

Honey face massage

Honey massage is a combination of the healing effect of bee honey and massage. Honey facial massage is an excellent means of maintaining excellent shape in conditions of all kinds of overload and stress, relieves fatigue and gives the face lightness and freshness. Honey has an anti-inflammatory and astringent effect, cleanses the pores, accelerates the regenerative processes in the skin and restores their natural defenses, having a beneficial effect on all skin functions.

Indications for honey facial massage:

– – Prevention and restoration of aging skin.

– – Weakened facial muscle tone.

– – Violation of fat metabolism.

– – Deformation of the oval of the face.

– – Dryness and peeling of the skin of the face.

– – Improvement of the general emotional and psychological state.

Contraindications for honey massage:

– – Violation of the integrity of the skin (bruises, cuts, scratches).

– – Skin diseases: ringworm, scabies, fungal and pustular eruptions.

– – Allergy to honey and bee products.

– – Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve.

– – Pronounced rosacea.

Honey facial massage procedure.

Preparation for the procedure of honey facial massage.

We need:

– cotton pads;

– disposable cap;

– terry napkins;

– cosmetic milk;

– cleansing foam;

– honey;

– water;

Client position: lying on the back, hair hidden under a disposable cap.

1. Use cosmetic milk to remove decorative cosmetics from eyes and lips.

2. We wash the client with foam, pat the wet face dry with a napkin.

3. We perform a preparatory massage along the massage lines. Lightly, half-touching the palm side of four fingers of both hands, we perform the “stroking” technique:

– from the middle of the forehead to the temples;

– from the wings of the nose to the temples;

– from the center of the chin to the earlobe.

We repeat each movement 3 times.

4. Apply honey to the face. We heat honey in a water bath to 38 degrees Celsius. Apply it on the face skin pointwise with your fingertips (Fig. 1). We make sure that honey does not drip onto the hair and into the auricle.

5.Using liquid honey, we perform classical massage techniques, massage the face with light stroking movements:

– enhancement of venous outflow by stroking movements from the bridge of the nose along the diagonal of the cheeks with the pads of the first fingers to the corners of the jaw. We repeat the technique three times.

– stroking from the center of the chin to the earlobe with the pads of four fingers of both hands with fixing the point. We also repeat the technique three times (Fig. 2).

– stroking from the corners of the mouth to the tragus with the pads of four fingers of both hands, fixing the point.We repeat three times.

– stroking from the wings of the nose to the temple with the pads of four fingers of both hands, fixing the point. We repeat three times.

– stroking from the center of the forehead to the temples with the entire surface of the first fingers, fixing the point. We repeat the technique three times. (fig. 3).

– stroking the nose with the pads of the third fingers from the wings of the nose to the tip further along the back to the point between the eyebrows, fixing the point. We repeat three times.

6.We carry out the techniques of soft kneading along the massage lines with the pads of the first, second and third fingers (Fig. 4):

– from the center of the chin to the earlobes;

– from the corners of the mouth to the tragus;

– from the wings of the nose to the temple;

Then we massage the nose (Fig.5).

Kneading the forehead with the pads of four fingers of both hands, from the middle of the forehead to the temples (Fig. 6).

7.We perform the “Forceps” technique: with the pads of the first and second fingers along the nasolabial folds, from the corners of the mouth to the wings of the nose. We repeat the technique three times (Fig. 7).

8. We carry out the “fork” technique – working out the outer corners of the eye (“crow’s feet”). The second and third fingers of the left hand fix the skin of the outer corner of the eye, and the third finger of the right hand with a pad performs soft tapping between the fingers of the left hand at three points (repeat 1-2 times) (Fig.eight).

9. We perform the technique of gently hammering honey into the skin of the face along the massage lines. Reception is performed with the inner surface of the first and second phalanx of four fingers of both hands (Fig. 9).

10.When the honey has thickened, we perform a soft tear-off technique along the massage lines (Fig. 10):

– the entire surface of the palm from the center of the chin to the earlobe with point fixation. We repeat three times.

– the entire surface of the palm of four fingers from the corners of the mouth to the earlobe. We repeat the technique three times.

– the entire palmar surface from the wings of the nose to the temples. We repeat three times.

– palmar surface from the center of the forehead to the temples. We repeat three times.

11.We perform the “pressing” technique with the fingers of both hands: the first fingers are on the temples, the second are above the lips, the third are under the lips, the fourth and fifth are under the client’s chin (Fig. 11).

12. When the honey has thickened well, we perform the “finger rain” technique: with the pads of four fingers of both hands along the massage lines, 3-4 loops on each line.

13. With damp towels, remove the remaining honey from the client’s face. The movements are soft, pressing (Fig. 12).

14. Perform neck massage with the palmar surface of the fingers – gently slide from the earlobe down the lateral surface of the neck to the sternum.We make 1-3 circular movements in the middle of the sternum and rise along the anterolateral surface of the neck to the earlobe. The area of ​​the thyroid gland and larynx is not affected. We repeat this technique three times:

– we perform the “busting” technique with the pads of the second and third fingers along the lateral surface of the neck. We repeat three times.

– having fixed the palm at the base of the skull, slightly pull the head back and swing it to the right and left. We repeat three times (fig. 13).

15.We perform auricle massage:

– with the pads of the first and second fingers, we pull the earlobes down, the middle of the ear to the side, the tip of the ear up. We repeat 6-8 times;

– we perform the “kneading” technique with the pads of four fingers along the outer edge of the ear, the pad of the thumb inside the auricle. We repeat the technique three times;

– close the auricle with the palm of your hand four times for 3 seconds.

16. Finish the facial massage with stroking movements of the scalp (Fig.fourteen).

17. Helping the client get up and getting dressed, treating them to herbal or green tea and giving advice on diet.

Duration of the procedure and the entire course of honey massage of the face and neck.

Recommended course – 2 times a week. Honey consumption for 1 session is approximately 20-30 g.The duration of the procedure is 25-35 minutes.

Benefits of honey facial massage.

Honey massage of the face and neck allows you to achieve good results. Already after the first procedure of performing such a massage, a pronounced cosmetic effect is observed: the tone of the muscles of the face and neck increases, their “tightening”. In addition, honey facial massage slows down the aging process, helps to prevent the formation of early wrinkles and smooth fine wrinkles; corrects and strengthens the oval of the face, eliminates double chin, improves the appearance of the skin and complexion; accelerates metabolic processes, the formation of new cells of collagen and elastic fibers, which means tissue renewal; relieves fatigue and stress from facial muscles, and, as a result, improves mood, gives a feeling of lightness, comfort, self-confidence.

Based on materials from Kosmetik Int. Journal

Additional material:

Myostimulating face massage

Cosmetic massage of face and neck

Cream-lifting for face and neck care Soin Lift Galbe Visage et Cou from Academie

Soin Raffermissant Visage Et Cou Firming Cream for Face and Neck by Academie

Program for performing honey SPA massage

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  • Ludmila
    Good evening! I have 30 years.May two healthy children 11 and 8 years (both with a cesarean rosette) .6 years of that there was an apoplexy of the right breeder, which was sewn up. They also immediately bandaged the pipes. Zar …

  • Larisa
    Be happy, be a weasel, as it’s right, and to whom should you sign up for a routine, how did you diagnose “Gidrosalpinks” ?!

  • Natasha
    Say, b.weasel to whatever size fibrovuzol can be seen because of the uterus

  • Ludmila
    Good day. Say goodbye to the benefit of circular blepharoplasty

  • Marya
    How much is it possible for you to receive a vaccine?

  • Masha
    How can you create an analysis and perform an echosonography on that very day?

  • Masha
    Do you need an analysis before taking an exam?

  • Valya
    Good evening, I need to make an operation to remove the cyst from the left egg, it is possible to remove both eggs, but 72/57 say if there is a price.Dyakuyu.

  • Tetyana
    Good day. Say whether weasel, why can I be an egg donor, like a group of rhesus blood “”?

  • Bogdana
    Good evening.Bulo 2 dead vaginosti. (Before the tsim є the child is healthy). How much is needed for planning a vagina?

  • Vіktorіya
    Good day! For example, be weasel, to cheat your hysterosalpingorgafia (ultrasound examination of uterine tubes) and the price of the whole procedure.

  • Lyubov
    And what is the partiality of securing a fibroma before an operation and anesthesia? And what is the need for a mother?

  • Vika
    Good day! Say be weasel, who can sign up for a reception before the doctor Yuriy Bogdanovich-endoscopist?

  • Alla
    Good day, say be weasel, how much is the cost of the operation visible to the grizzly opening of the diaphragm?

  • Lyubov
    Good evening, say be-weasel yak price vizualnya uterine fever in the same great razmіrіv?

  • Natalia
    Why is it possible for your services to grow up with a card, how much better?

  • Inna
    Yaka tsіna pidtyazhka shia?

  • Irina
    Good day at Va Likar Shchipko, shout to the children, you can’t calm the people, but navpaki finish it off

  • Oksana
    Good evening.What is the price of seeing polyp on the uterus? What is the price to enter?

  • Anastasia
    Good day, what is the price of seeing adhesions on the uterine tubes by the laparoscopic method ???

  • Care of ears, eyes, nose, teeth and paws of a dog – Care and grooming of dogs

    CLAWS


    – solid derivatives of the skin, consisting of dead keratinized epithelial cells with a high keratin content.Dogs have open nails (non-retractable). Inside the keratin cap, the claw contains living tissue, which is abundantly supplied with blood and nerve endings. The outer edge of the claw touches the surface of the support, against which it is erased, acquiring a characteristic shape. With insufficient abrasion (walking on a soft or slippery surface, insufficient walking), the shape of the claw is distorted. Excessively long claws can cause disruption of the shape of the phalanges of the fingers and the position of the paws. Curvature of the fingers, violation of the slope of the metacarpus, in turn, can contribute to improper grinding of the claws.Inattentiveness to the claws in advanced cases can cause persistent changes in the posture of the limbs and the nature of the dog’s movements.
    It is necessary to timely and correctly trim (if necessary) nails. The first grinding (trimming) of the claws is often done at the age of 2-3 weeks so that the puppy does not scratch the udder of the bitch. It is believed that cutting the nails early enhances and distorts their growth later. This has no confirmation. It is only important to be careful with this procedure, since if you cut too short or at a very sharp angle of the saw cut, you can touch the soft tissues inside the claw, cause pain, severe bleeding, fear of the procedure for caring for the paws.
    Splitting of the claws is sometimes observed. In this case, it is necessary to line the edges of the claw with a nail file or files and lubricate it with fat or nourishing cream. The lack of shine of the nails and their roughness before the exhibition are eliminated by covering them with colorless nail varnish. If it is necessary to hide the color of the claw, tint it, before which it is useful to give the claw some roughness.
    The crumbs of the toes and pads are soft derivatives of the skin. Their function is to soften the tremors when walking.In a healthy dog, the crumbs of the paws are smooth and soft to the touch. By the way, one of the leading symptoms of distemper, which makes it possible to distinguish this serious disease of a dog from similar diseases, is the so-called “stiff foot” syndrome. …
    To soften the crumbs, rub them with glycerin or nourishing hand cream.

    Nose
    The nose is usually well defined by the breed standard.Its size, shape and color matter. A depigmented spot may appear at the site of scratches, which disappears over time. The relief of the surface of the nose in dogs is strictly individual, like the drawing of a papillary pattern on a person’s fingers. It appears that it is possible to create a card index of dog noselobe prints to uniquely identify animals instead of tattoos.

    EYES
    The shape, color, shine and expression of the eyes are essential for both the attractiveness of the animal and the show evaluation.When it is necessary to correct the shape of the eyes, sometimes they resort to surgery, which changes the shape of the eyes by dissecting the eyelids or lifting the surrounding skin. The presence of symmetrical small scars and stitches in the eye area can serve as evidence of cosmetic intervention. It is impossible to change the color of the iris of the eye, although the stimulus is significant. For example, too light eyes of a black terrier, rottweiler or shepherd dog – a flaw bordering on blemish.
    The shine of the eyes depends on the nature of lacrimation.! Atropine? and cocaine noticeably increase the sparkle of the eyes, but is it worth injecting such potent substances to the dog because of this?
    Aging dogs (and sometimes young Pekingese, Bulldogs, Chins, etc.)) dull eyes are caused by incipient cataracts. Catachrom, applied by an ophthalmologist, can eliminate the deficiency.
    The expression of the dog’s eyes, in addition to the shape, significantly depends on the degree of development of the third eyelid – the mucous membrane at the inner corner of the eye. In the Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd Dog), a developed third eyelid is one of the breed characteristics. In Neapolitano mastino, the hyperemic mucous membrane of the third century plays a significant role in creating the appearance of a “bloodthirsty” dog. To mask the third eyelid and the mucous membrane surrounding the eyeball, some dog breeders resort to instilling eye drops, albucide, and rinsing the eyes with tea leaves.A too large third eyelid sometimes has to be excised. If you want to increase the redness of the mucous membrane around the eyes, some people instill a solution of penicillin in the dog, which causes a certain irritation of this membrane.
    The appearance of yellowish spots on the fur under the eyes may be associated with profuse lacrimation. These spots are clearly visible on light-colored coats. They often spoil the look of lapdogs, Japanese Chins, Pekingese, Bulldogs. It is difficult to reduce lacrimation in these breeds due to the structure of the eyes and the shape of the lower eyelid and cheekbone.It is much easier to protect wet hair under the eyes from being corroded by a greasy cream or tetravite. Recently, specialty rinses for dog eyes have been on the market.

    EAR
    The shape of the auricle is essential in the exterior of the dog’s head. There is no need to describe the variety of breed variations in ear shape in dogs — they are well documented in most breed atlases and canine manuals. From the point of view of correcting the shape of the ear, we note only the techniques of cosmetic surgery for setting or lowering the ears and dietary tactics during the formation of the puppy’s ear.
    In the last decade, under pressure from the Society for the Protection of Animals, dog handlers of many organizations, including the FCI, have abandoned ear cropping. Probably, fans of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs and Alabaevs will be the last to accept this prohibition. But even with the formal refusal of ear cropping in such breeds as boxers, mastiffs and mastinos, there will be a temptation for owners of German shepherds, Spitz dogs and others. undesirable rising ear.Usually, for this, either an intra-aural prosthesis is used (an internal frame is sewn into the ear shell or a hard scar is formed), or the surrounding skin is tightened. It is very difficult to reveal traces of the operation, it is even more difficult to catch their cosmetic purpose.
    Massage, vitamin therapy and supplementation with microelements during the formation of the auricle play an essential role, but they are not able to correct the genetic defect.

    TEETH
    There are teeth in the upper and lower jaws.The teeth are extremely strong bone-like organs. Each tooth consists of a dental crown that protrudes above the gum and protrudes into the oral cavity, from the neck of the tooth – a slightly narrowed part to which the gum is attached, and from the root of the tooth, which is hidden in the dental alveolus (alveolar socket) and ends with an apex. At the apex of the root there is a small hole leading into the cavity of the tooth, which is filled with dental pulp, rich in blood vessels and nerves. The main mass of the tooth is dentin. The dentine crown of the tooth is covered with enamel on the outside – the hardest tissue in the body, and the dentin of the tooth root – with cement.The periosteum of the root of the tooth and the dental alveoli is common and is called the periodontium. In connection with the change of teeth, milk teeth and permanent teeth are distinguished. In most breeds, the completeness of teeth and the shape of the bite traditionally occupy such an important position in the standard and examination that it is practically impossible to give a statistical analysis of deviations from the norm – all deviations are discarded. Usually in young dogs with deviations in the dental system in litters or in the junior class (a in literate dog breeders and earlier) defects are revealed and in the future these dogs, as a rule, disappear from the field of view of dog handlers.
    The breed standard regulates the obligatory set of teeth and bite. In some breeds, the absence of 1-2 teeth (usually premolars) in a dog may not affect its assessment. As a rule, the bite is strictly regulated, permissible for a given breed. Bite is the relative position of the teeth of the upper and lower jaws relative to each other. With a scissor bite, the lower incisors are adjacent to the inner planes of the upper ones. When the upper and lower incisors are “edge-to-edge”, the bite is called a straight, tick-like bite. If the lower jaw is noticeably shorter than the upper one, then there is a gap between the rows of the upper and lower incisors – an overbite is formed.When the lower jaw is longer than the upper jaw, an undershot is formed – a bulldog bite. In addition, in many breeds (primarily service breeds), the order of arrangement of incisors in the jaw is taken into account – in a ruler, in a checkerboard pattern, rare, etc.
    Punitive defects of the dental system also include signs of caries, undesirable color of tooth enamel, underdevelopment of canines in size, etc.
    Paying great attention to the state of the dog’s dental system, cynologists refer to its importance for the dog’s work, to the reflection of the animal’s health status in it, to the correlation of the completeness of the teeth and the nature of the bite with other important signs (in particular, the shape of the skull, the state of the nervous system, etc.vitamins A and D – butter, dairy products, liver, fish; vitamins of group B – bread, meat, kidneys, rice, corn, egg yolk, vitamin C, for which the juice of qi is added to the water; provides mineral nutrition. Concentrated feeds, specially designed for puppy bitches, contain the necessary components, taking into account the needs of the correct formation of puppies. Prevention of dental system disorders when raising a puppy, if the branded concentrated specialty
    is not used
    feed, consists in taking the following drugs:
    1.Fortified fish oil, contains vitamins A and D, 3-5 drops are prescribed for 1.5-2 months as food additives
    2. Sea buckthorn oil, containing carotenes and carotenoids, which are precursors (provitamins) of vitamin A, is prescribed in the same way as fish oil, but for a longer period – up to 6 months.
    3. Ascorbic acid is prescribed at 0.25 g 2 times a day by adding to drinking water (tablets, powders) or 0.5 ml of a 5% solution intramuscularly for 10-15 injections, after which up to 2 months at 0, 1 g per day.
    4. Vitamin B1 – thiamine chloride in the form of tablets or pills, 0.002 g – 1/2 tablet 3 times a day or intramuscularly 0.5 ml of a 3% solution for 10-15 days. You can also use gephefitin – tablets containing dry yeast – a source of vitamin B1, and phytin, described above. Take 0.5 tablets 2-3 times a day.
    5. Vitamin B3 – calcium pantothenate. It is possible to administer 0.025 g orally 2 times a day or intramuscularly 0.5 ml of a 20% solution. The course of treatment is up to 3-4 months (it is advisable to periodically change the route of administration).
    6. Vitamin B6 – in the form of powders or tablets, 0.002 g, 1/2 tablet 2-3 times a day, or intramuscularly 1% solution. The course is up to 3 weeks – repeat in 2-3 months.
    7. Fluoride preparations: a) sodium fluoride (in the form of tablets) – 1-2 mg in CVIKH, b) coreberon – 0.25 mg per day, c) vitafluoride (contains sodium fluoride, vitamins A, D2, C) – 1 / 3 teaspoon once a day for a month.
    8. Sodium nucleinate – 0.05 g orally in the form of powders or intramuscularly, 2-3 ml of a 2% solution for 10 days.
    The appointment of the above drugs should be complex – 2-3, no more, at the same time. For example, vitamin A preparations + one of the B group preparations + fluoride preparation. Or – vitamin D + ascorbic acid + sodium nucleinate, etc.
    For the correct change of teeth, sharp exposures and vaccinations should be avoided during the period of rapid loss of milk teeth. A moderate, but sufficient load on the chewing apparatus is the key to the optimal course of the change of teeth. Sometimes the milk tooth does not fall out on time and becomes an obstacle to the correct growth of molars at the moment when their shape and position in the jaw are most vulnerable.This interference should be removed in a timely manner. Massage the gums is very useful, but it must be done correctly. It should be remembered that with pulling loads on the lower jaw, the shift can be compensated by the movement of the jaw in the joint, and in the case of the upper jaw, the entire load will fall on the teeth.

    .