Sinking stool: The request could not be satisfied
Causes of Loose Stool and How to Fix Them
We all get loose stools or diarrhea from time to time. While stool can be watery, liquid, and show classic signs of food poisoning or the stomach flu, other times bowel movements are simply softer than normal without a clear cause. Here’s a look at 14 causes of loose stool (whether it’s a stool that is solid but mildly loose, mushy, shapeless, or full-blown diarrhea).
Illustration by Joshua Seong, Verywell
Food or Drink
Several types of food and drink can result in loose stools.
A type of sugar in fruit, fruit juice, honey, and some vegetables, fructose is also found in table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup (used to sweetened processed foods and beverages). If large amounts are consumed or if you have a condition such as fructose malabsorption, fructose can cause loose stools or diarrhea, gas, or abdominal pain.
If you consume high-fructose foods such as juice, honey, agave syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, molasses, or palm or coconut sugar, limiting your serving sizes may help.
Some people find that sugar alcohols, which include xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, erythritol, and other artificial sweeteners, have a laxative effect. Often used as artificial sweeteners (in sugarless candy and gum, diet beverages, and sugar substitutes), sugar alcohols are also found naturally in food. Sorbitol, for instance, is found in peaches, apples, pears, and prunes.
Sugar alcohols are not well absorbed. As a result, consuming excessive amounts causes the sugar alcohols to pull water from the bloodstream into the intestines, resulting in diarrhea and loose stools.
Consume sugar alcohols in moderation. If you rely on artificial sweeteners to manage diabetes or other health conditions, talk with your healthcare provider about using a variety of sweeteners and consuming them in moderation.
Drinking coffee can stimulate the contraction and relaxation of intestinal muscles (called peristalsis), promoting bowel movements. Coffee’s acidity also causes the body to produce more bile, which can cause looser stools.
Aside from the bowel-stimulating quality, coffee can also result in looser stools because as stool moves through the colon quickly, there is less time for water to be reabsorbed by the body (and stool to firm up).
Try darker roasts, like French roast, which tend to have less caffeine than lighter roasts. Also skip the milk or cream, excess sugar, and sweeteners such as sorbitol, which can also trigger loose stools.
A greasy meal or a higher fat diet (such as the keto diet) can trigger bowel movements and loose stools in some people. Food in the stomach and small intestine (particularly fatty food) triggers contractions in the colon and the movement of stool. Called the gastrocolic reflex, these contractions in the large intestine may lead to a bowel movement a short time after eating.
Certain conditions like chronic pancreatitis can also result in oily loose stools or diarrhea. Although a fatty meal can trigger loose stools, speak with your doctor if it’s a regular occurrence.
Hot and spicy foods can irritate the intestinal lining and cause loose stools. It normally happens after a spicy meal and returns to normal shortly afterward. Compounds in spicy food aren’t absorbed by the body and make their way into your intestines.
Although not everyone who eats spicy food has loose stools, if it happens to you, try limiting your intake of spicy food. Eating yogurt, rice, or bread may help offset some of the effects of spicy food on the intestines.
Ethanol in alcohol speeds up the contractions in the colon, which means that waste is moved through the intestines faster and there’s less time for the colon to absorb water, which can lead to watery stool.
If you notice that drinking affects your stools, try seeing whether wine and spirits give you less digestive trouble than beer or malt liquor. Cutting back on your overall intake will also help.
The use of certain herbal remedies or medications may lead to the passage of loose stools. Some of the medications and supplements include:
- Antacids containing magnesium hydroxide
Research suggests that probiotics may help prevent diarrhea that can occur after taking antibiotics. The American Gastroenterology Association released a 2020 consensus on the use of probiotics after a systematic review of previously published studies. Regardless of age, the majority of gastroenterologists agreed there is benefit in taking a probiotic for the prevention of C. difficile infection. A report published in Nutrition in Clinical Practice in 2016, which involved the analysis of previously published clinical trials testing the effects of probiotics on people with antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
Their analysis revealed that probiotics were associated with a reduced risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in adults (but not in those over the age of 65). According to another study, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is the most effective strain for antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
Chronic Medical Conditions
Loose stools may also be seen in a variety of health conditions.
A naturally occurring sugar, lactose is found in milk, ice cream, cheese, and other dairy products. Many adults have a low level of lactase, an enzyme that breaks lactose down. Consuming milk or dairy can lead to loose stools and diarrhea in people with lactose intolerance.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
A condition that affects the large intestine, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can cause cramping, abdominal pain, gas, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. Symptoms vary widely from person to person. Some people have loose stools or diarrhea, while others have constipation or alternate between the two.
Gluten products like bread, pasta, and baked goods are a problem for people with celiac disease. A protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, gluten causes an autoimmune reaction in people with celiac disease. One of the symptoms can be diarrhea or loose stools.
The condition can cause low energy, unintended weight loss, and a lack of growth. If the condition is untreated, it may be hard to link gluten-containing foods to symptoms because of damage to the intestinal lining.
A condition is seen most often seen in people who have had bariatric (weight loss), esophageal, or gastric surgery, dumping syndrome is when the food you eat moves too quickly from your stomach into your small intestine, causing loose stools.
Other Chronic Health Conditions
Loose stools may be seen in these conditions:
These conditions can be diagnosed or managed, so it’s best to work with your healthcare provider if you suspect having them or have been diagnosed.
The stomach flu can cause diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, fever, and headache. Also known as viral gastroenteritis, it’s highly contagious.
Viruses (such as noroviruses, rotaviruses, and adenoviruses) target the digestive tract and result in inflammation of the stomach and intestines, diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps.
Symptoms typically appear one to three days after you’ve been infected and can range from mild to severe. Eating foods such as bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast may help. Young people, older adults, and people with weak immune systems are at risk for dehydration and should be watched carefully.
Also known as bacterial gastroenteritis, food poisoning is the result of eating food that has been undercooked, stored too long at room temperature, or not reheated properly and is contaminated with bacteria such as salmonella or E.coli. The result is inflammation in your stomach and intestines, and symptoms that can include diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and nausea.
For mild cases, staying hydrated and eating potassium-rich foods may help ease symptoms, although some people require treatment.
When to See Your Doctor
Many cases of loose stool are the result of something you ate and will quickly return to normal. When it happens, it normally lasts two to three days. Some people get loose stool more often, due to dietary changes or as part of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or other conditions. You should consult your doctor if your symptoms don’t resolve or become a regular occurrence.
See a medical professional immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Severe abdominal pain
- Blood or pus in the stool
- Black or tar-colored stool
- Chills, vomiting, lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- Dehydration (dry mouth, infrequent or dark urination)
- Fever 102 F or higher or lasting longer than several days
- Rapid heart rate
- Unexplained weight loss
Also, call your healthcare provider if you are an older adult, recently hospitalized, pregnant, or have a compromised immune system (e. g. take steroids, transplant rejection medications, or TNF-alpha inhibitors such as infliximab or etanercept).
Understandably, it’s an uncomfortable topic to talk about, but your doctor understands and is there to help. The conversation may make you uncomfortable but will provide relief for your symptoms.
Bleeding From Esophageal Varices: Causes and More
Esophageal varices are varicose veins in the esophagus. These veins, like any varicose veins, can rupture and bleed very easily. Esophageal variceal bleeding is a potentially life-threatening condition that must be recognized and treated quickly.
SEBASTIAN KAULITZKI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY / Getty Images
Varicose veins are veins that have become engorged and the walls stretched thin. They’re commonly found in the legs and can develop with age because, well, gravity. Veins return blood to the heart and do not have the same thick, muscular walls as arteries. The longer we stand and walk (in years, that is) the more pressure our leg veins have been subjected to.
In the esophagus, varicose veins develop not because of age and gravity, but because of hepatic portal hypertension. The portal venous system is a collection of veins that moves blood into the liver, where it is processed and detoxified. After blood leaves the liver, all fresh and detoxed, it continues to the heart where it is then sent to the lungs for an oxygen bath and to offload carbon dioxide. It’s like a spa day.
In a liver with cirrhosis—scarring from an injury or illness affecting the liver—blood flow is restricted and the blood backs up into the portal system, causing the pressure in the veins to increase. This pressure can affect blood flow throughout the region, especially from the gastrointestinal system around the stomach and base of the esophagus.
Veins in the stomach (called gastric varices) and the esophagus become engorged just like the blue, squiggly veins on the legs do. The walls of the veins also become thin and very delicate. With little pressure, they can burst and the resulting bleeding could be severe.
Esophageal Variceal Bleeding
Esophageal variceal bleeding is very dangerous. There aren’t any symptoms of esophageal varices until the bleeding starts. Once bleeding starts, however, there are signs and symptoms. Patients with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding—bleeding that originates in the esophagus and stomach, rather than in the intestines—can look for the following signs and symptoms:
- Vomiting bright red blood or coffee-ground emesis (very dark and granular, partially digested blood)
- Dark, tarry or sticky stools
- Rapid pulse
- Decreased blood pressure
Very quickly, esophageal variceal bleeding can lead to shock and decreased levels of consciousness.
In the event of esophageal variceal bleeding, immediate emergency treatment is necessary. If treated quickly, esophageal variceal bleeding may be managed through various procedures. Endoscopy (a camera is inserted into the esophagus through the mouth) can be used to find and directly address the bleeding. In addition, vasoactive drugs (drugs that affect blood pressure in acute patients) can be used to address blood pressure in actively bleeding patients.
Patients in the emergency setting will likely also receive intravenous fluids and possibly antibiotics.
When to Call 911
Patients with sudden onset of bleeding and vomiting frank red blood or large amounts of coffee ground vomitus should go to the hospital immediately. Call 911 for any patient who is lethargic, confused, weak, dizzy, pale, cool to the touch, or sweating (diaphoretic). These patients are exhibiting signs of shock, which means the bleeding is severe and there is a high risk of death.
Paramedics will treat esophageal variceal bleeding with IV fluids, proper positioning, and vasoactive drugs. Rapid transport to the hospital is the definitive treatment for a patient with esophageal variceal bleeding.
As stated above, there aren’t any symptoms of esophageal varices unless they rupture and begin bleeding. The patient just has to know he has cirrhosis or some other form of portal hypertension and doctors have to look for the varices in the esophagus with an endoscope in order to diagnose them. If found, the doc can treat the varices prophylactically by essentially tying a rubber band around them, called band ligation.
Besides directly fixing esophageal varices through endoscopic procedures, portal hypertension can be addressed with medication. Beta blockers are most commonly used. In most patients, some combination of band ligation and medication will be used to manage esophageal varices.
The Role of Cirrhosis
Cirrhosis has several causes. The most common is chronic hepatitis C, a viral infection that can lead to swelling and damage to the liver. Chronic heavy alcohol use is also associated with liver disease and can lead to cirrhosis from fatty buildup in the liver. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can cause damage and cirrhosis. It is possible in obese patients and those with metabolic disorders or diabetes. Chronic hepatitis B is a potential cause of cirrhosis but is now uncommon due to the availability of a vaccine.
Awareness of the development of cirrhosis is the best defense against the possibility of esophageal varices. Causes of cirrhosis are the biggest indicators: known liver disease, alcoholism, obesity, and diabetes. Many people with early cirrhosis won’t experience symptoms at all in the beginning. As it progresses, patients may develop some or all of the following: fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, itching, or nausea.
Cirrhosis can cause decreased levels of white blood cells that fight infection or platelets that aid in forming blood clots, and the associated decrease in liver function can lead to high levels of toxins in the bloodstream. The toxins can cause confusion or encephalopathy. As toxins accumulate in the bloodstream, patients can develop jaundice, which is a yellowing of the sclera (whites of the eyes) and of the skin.
The Role of Portal Hypertension
Eventually, all patients with cirrhosis will develop hepatic portal hypertension. As pressure builds in the portal system, tiny veins develop. These veins provide a way for blood to go around the congested portal system and is called collateral circulation. Collateral circulation provides a way for blood to skip the liver altogether and never get cleaned.
Besides esophageal varices, portal hypertension may cause ascites, which is a fluid build-up in the abdomen. Since toxins and some minerals aren’t removed properly, other complications develop from the buildup of substances and from changes in pressure gradients, such as the shift of plasma from the bloodstream to surrounding tissues. Likewise, fluid can back up into the legs and ankles, causing swelling known as edema. Portal hypertension is diagnosed by observation of one of these complications.
Cirrhosis and Esophageal Varices
Cirrhosis does not always lead to esophageal varices, but there’s no clear evidence on how many patients with cirrhosis develop esophageal or gastric varices. In some studies, the instance of esophageal varices in patients with cirrhosis varied from 8 percent to 83%. That’s a big range.
Esophageal varices have to be diagnosed with endoscopy, but once they’re found, they typically get bigger and more delicate over time. patients with diagnosed esophageal varices have about a 30% chance of esophageal variceal bleeding.
Depending on the cause of the cirrhosis, the potential for esophageal variceal bleeding might be reduced through various medication therapies. Antivirals have had some success in delaying the onset of bleeding in patients with chronic hepatitis B and beta blockers are the drugs of choice for regulating hepatic portal hypertension.
5 Things Your Poop Can Tell You About Your Health
Rocks and Pebbles
Poop that is hard and shaped like tiny rocks or pebbles is likely just a
. You can still be considered constipated even if you are able to pass a
small amount of stool.
The large intestine helps to concentrate waste by absorbing water. If
muscle contractions in the large intestine are not working properly, waste
left in the colon becomes even more concentrated, resulting in harder
“One of the most common concerns I hear from patients is worry about the
change of poop color,” says
Dr. Linda Lee
. The color of stool is impacted by the foods you eat and the kind of
bacteria living in your colon.
“There are a lot of food colorings added to what we eat and drink, so of
course the color of your stool is then going to change,” says Lee. “When I
perform a colonoscopy, I can actually tell what color the beverage was they
used to take the prep.”
A change in the color of stool is usually not cause for concern, unless it
appears to be black or bloody, which could signal other problems with the
Black and Tarry
The most common cause of black and tarry poop is from taking iron
supplements or a medication containing bismuth, such as Pepto-Bismol.
However, it could mean you’re losing blood somewhere in your
gastrointestinal tract, such as in the stomach or small intestine.
Oily or Greasy Stools
If you have poop that appears oily, has a greasy consistency and is
difficult to flush, it could be a signal that your body is not able to
properly digest fat. The consistency changes could be caused by an
infection, nutrients not being digested due to celiac disease or a problem with the pancreas, such as pancreatic cancer or pancreatitis.
Stool that is only occasionally very thin is not a cause for concern. It is
likely due to muscle contractions in the large intestine as it helps to
If there is a sudden and consistent change in your stool always being thin,
it could mean there is a blockage in your colon, and you should see your
Double-Flushing? Figure Out Why Your Poo Sticks Like Glue
You’re probably here because you just Googled “poop.” Maybe you’ve already accidentally learned a few things about poop eggs or poop tadpoles and seen some unexpected images. Yikes!
Don’t worry — here’s all the info you actually need about why your poop is so sticky.
Food goes in, poop comes out. But what fantastic science goes on between point A and point B?
Through the magic of digestion, food is broken down, nutrients and fluids are absorbed, and all the unused bits are disposed of through the back passage.
Depending on what you eat and drink — and the relative health of your digestive tract — your poop can take on a whole range of characteristics. So why’s your poop suddenly sticking around the bowl after you flush?
Fatty foods, like fried or cheesy goodies and red meat, are one explanation. Poop that’s sticky, greasy, and difficult to flush can indicate a problem with digesting dietary fats.
Many health conditions can cause poor fat digestion, including celiac disease, pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, lactose intolerance, and inflammatory bowel disease.
People with celiac disease can’t digest the protein gluten, which is a component of wheat and is found in bread, cereals, and many other foods. Poop that’s pale, greasy, and foul-smelling (like, worse than usual) is a symptom of celiac disease.
A peptic ulcer, or irritation of the upper digestive tract, may cause bleeding. And the mixture of blood and digestive fluids can result in black, sticky stool that looks like tar.
Ulcers are caused by infection from Helicobacter pylori bacteria or overuse of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
While black stool can be a sign of an ulcer, it may also be caused by ingesting iron supplements, black licorice, or medications containing bismuth subsalicylate (like Kaopectate or Pepto-Bismol).
So much body weirdness can be corrected by drinking more water. Adequate hydration will help your organs do their jobs and keep your bowels moving smoothly.
Also: Exercise regularly. Yes, moving your body supports the progress of food through your digestive system! Why do you think dogs and dads need their morning walk every day?
Drugstore goods to try
You’ll find a whole aisle of digestion-supporting supplements in your local drugstore. Probiotics and digestive enzymes can help get your gut in good shape. Fiber supplements can also help if you don’t get enough fiber in your diet.
A reminder: Supplements aren’t regulated by the FDA, so do your research or talk to a healthcare provider before choosing one. It’s usually easier and more effective to get your nutrients by eating whole foods.
Eat more plants
Fiber is the superstar of healthy digestion. It bulks up stools and acts like a street sweeper to push things through (but somewhat more gently).
To get more fiber in your diet, eat plenty of fruits and vegetables (including the peels), beans, lentils, whole grains, nuts, and seeds.
Registered dietitian Holly Larson suggests these high-fiber foods:
- 1 large pear with skin (7 grams)
- 1 cup fresh raspberries (8 grams)
- ½ medium avocado (5 grams)
- 1 ounce almonds (3.5 grams)
- ½ cup cooked black beans (7.5 grams)
- 3 cups air-popped popcorn (3.6 grams)
- 1 cup cooked pearled barley (6 grams)
We know we already mentioned water, but it’s especially important to get enough H2O when you’re upping your fiber intake. All that fiber needs to soak up water so it can pass through your digestive system easily.
If you think certain foods, like bread or milk, are causing your digestive issues, or if you’ve been diagnosed with celiac disease or lactose intolerance, avoid those troublemakers!
If you’ve been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis, check out these dietary tips.
Being “regular” can mean a range of poop color, frequency, and consistency. With good bowel health, your stool should be soft and easy to pass, and you should go No. 2 anywhere from three times a day to three times a week.
Check out this handy chart to determine whether your stool falls in the “normal” range most of the time.
Good bowel function also means you should be able to get to the toilet in time, have a pain- and strain-free bowel movement within a minute of sitting on the toilet, and completely empty your bowel in one sitting.
If changes in your stool last longer than a week after you’ve tried the tips above, it’s probably not a temporary issue. That means it’s time to see your doctor to rule out or get treatment for an underlying condition.
A doctor will help you identify any malabsorption issues and change your diet to remove the trouble foods if you have celiac disease or lactose intolerance.
If you think you have an ulcer or other unexplained internal bleeding, a doc visit is especially important. A doctor can do lab tests or use a small camera to check your upper GI tract for signs of an ulcer. Ulcers are treated with antibiotics and other medications.
Poop is gross and weird. If your poop is extra gross and weird right now, try eating more fiber, drinking more water, and exercising regularly.
If you don’t see improvement after more than a week, it’s probably a good idea to have that awkward conversation with your doctor to see what’s going on.
Here’s What It Means If Your Poop Floats
It’s not exactly common, but we’ve all probably experienced the floating turd. So what exactly does it mean if your stool is not sinking?
“A floating stool is simply less dense than a sinking stool,” says gastroenterologist Neil Stollman. Doctors used to think this resulted from excess fat in the faeces, but one study in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests it’s actually extra air. Dr. Stollman says it could probably be either, though air is more likely.
Extra air in the stool could come from unabsorbed carbohydrates, like lactose or fibre, which ferment in the colon and release gas, says Dr. Stollman. This may be more likely to happen if you’re lactose intolerant or have just consumed a lot of dairy or fibre all at once. Sugary alcoholic drinks and artificial sweeteners can also make your poop gassier, says gastroenterologist Kenneth Brown.
RELATED: 7 Textures Of Poop And What They Mean
And if your poop contains more air or gas than normal, it will make it lighter—thus more likely to float on top of the water than sink to the bottom of it, like denser turds do.
Still, it’s possible that extra fat in your faeces can cause it to float, too. In this case, eating more fatty food than normal is likely the culprit, says Dr. Stollman. When your intestines can’t absorb all that fat, it’s excreted through your poop.
In rarer cases, fatty, floating stools—officially known as steatorrhea—can signal that your body is unable to digest and absorb nutrients, like fat, properly. This is called malabsorption.
If there are also drops of oil in the toilet, your pancreas might not be working properly to absorb the fat you eat, says Dr. Brown. And oil in the poop itself might mean the bacteria from your small intestine are growing outside it, breaking it down before you can.
RELATED: The $50 Product Promising To Help You Poo Better
Doctors can diagnose malabsorption through a faecal fat test, which literally measures the amount of fat excreted in your stool. If your floating poop is caused by malabsorption, you will probably have other signs as well, like frequent loose stool, extremely foul-smelling stools, abdominal cramps, and gas.
That said, in most cases, floating poop on its own probably doesn’t indicate any problem. “Very few people have consistent bowels,” says Dr. Stollman. Most changes are simply due to diet or medications. But if you notice a change for a month or more, talk to your doctor just to be safe.
This article originally appeared on Men’s Health
what your child’s poop reveals about their health.
Poop – often the brunt of a joke, and a word triggering endless giggles amongst children.
Despite it being an often unpleasant necessity, monitoring your child’s poop can actually provide an invaluable window into what’s happening inside your child’s body and their overall health.
Poop can indicate anything from the balance of their gut microbes, to the way their bodies respond to foods, or whether they have sufficient stomach acid and bile
So, let’s dig a little deeper into what your child’s poop might be indicating about their overall health.
What actually is poop?
Put simply, poop is basically a combination of whatever is left over once food has passed through the digestive system. It consists of water, bacteria, undigested food, fibre, small amounts of fat, small amounts of mucus and other proteins.
Poop varies greatly from child to child, day to day and there is no universally accepted ‘gold standard’ for defining ‘normal’ poop. In saying this, generally healthy poop should take under 10 minutes to excrete, should come out without strain or pain, be a brown colour and shaped like a tube or a banana.
Does the colour matter?
Given that poop is made up mostly of broken down food, the foods your child eats can greatly impact and vary the resulting colour of poop!
Typically, in a healthy child, you’d expect poop to be brown. This is because it contains bilirubin – a pigment produced due to a normal process in which red blood cells are broken down in the body. A green stool is generally nothing to be concerned about as it’s usually related to eating green foods (e.g. spinach), or the stool may have moved through the intestines slightly faster than usual leaving less time to pick up as much of the brown bilirubin pigment. Similarly, a reddish poop usually indicates your child has eaten red foods such as beetroots or tomato juice.
We usually find breastfed babies’ poop is more likely to differ in colour, depending on what Mum has eaten, whereas formula fed babies get the same food daily so they may have less poop colour variations.
However, it’s important to understand different coloured poop can also indicate serious underlying issues. Pale or clay coloured poop could be an indication of a bile duct obstruction and if it’s black or dark red, this could be a sign of internal bleeding from the GI tract. The most important thing is to look out for unusual changes in your child’s poop colour which seem to linger for more than a couple of days, as further investigation may be needed.
Shades of poop. Image: Karobarmart.com
Does My Poop Look Normal? 7 Things Your Poop Might Be Telling You About Your Health
Get your giggles or cringes out, because we need to talk about poop and what it’s trying to tell you about your health. Your bowel movements are probably something you want to just get done, and never have a discussion about, but ignoring your stools (and what they indicate) can mean you’re ignoring your body’s way of communicating health issues. Even if your poop looks normal, it’s giving you a picture of what’s happening inside your body. Poop may be an awkward topic, but it’s a normal bodily function that obviously serves a purpose.
I get that talking about our bodily waste may not be the most pleasant thing, but poop can actually provide a lot of insight into to your physical health, and noting any changes could help you catch a problem before it progresses. Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer diagnosis in the United States, but its mortality rate has reduced with routine colonoscopies and fecal testing. If you think this only affects elderly folks, you’re wrong: despite the fact that colon cancer is usually diagnosed in people over 50, scientists have seen an alarming rise of the cancer in young people. Not to mention, there is an abundance of gastrointestinal issues that can alter everything from your stool’s consistency to the frequency you go to the bathroom. Here are seven things your poop can help you understand about your health.
Stool color is wide-ranging, and almost never indicates a serious issue
The color of your poop can range from green to dark brown and still be healthy; every person has a “normal” color that is unique to them. If the color of your poop changes, it may tell you that that you have extra bile in your stool (green or yellow), blood (black or red), or that you simply ate something, like a beet, that essentially dyed your stool. You should begin to worry about your stool color is if it is bright red or black, and you haven’t eaten anything that would alter it, which could indicate bleeding somewhere in your intestinal tract.
If you have chronic diarrhea, there’s a good chance you have Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Floating or sinking stool may tell you what vitamins you need
Basically, the buoyancy or density of your poop is an indicator to the composition of your food intake. Often times, if you change your diet or eat something out of the norm, you may experience more flatulence that leads to floating stools. Niket Sonpal, M.D., assistant clinical professor of gastroenterology at Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York City, said to Women’s Health, “Most of the time, [floating stool] is normal. But it could be a signal that something is starting to brew. Normally, stool is a solid thing—and it shouldn’t really float or stick to the toilet.” Floating stools could also mean you are experiencing malabsorption, and that your body is not correctly processing fat or vitamins. However, it’s not something to worry about unless it’s a reoccurring pattern.
Blood in your stool can be an indicator of serious and mild health issues
Blood in your stool may seem ominous, but majority of time, it just means you have hemorrhoids, anal fissures, peptic ulcers, or a case of food poisoning that’s irritated your intestinal lining. If you aren’t experiencing any of the above, bloody stools can point to cancer or a precancerous condition, and you may want to schedule a colonoscopy just to be safe.
Super smelly bowel movements may mean you have bacteria in your GI tract
This may be one of the grosser topics your poop wants to tell you about, but the smell of your stool does have bearing on physical health. While stool is never supposed to smell pleasant, extremely putrid stool can mean you have bacteria in your colon, or you just ate something extra stinky. It can also mean you have a food intolerance if the smell is recurring.
Food in your stools is almost never worrisome
If you notice undigested food in your bowel movements, there is usually no cause for concern — no matter how unsettling it might be. Most of the time, food shows up in your bowel movements due to high fiber content; vegetables and nuts are super common. However, routine undigested food showing up in your poop could indicate an gastrointestinal infection or disorder.
The consistency of your poop can mean you’re constipated or going to have diarrhea
Stool that is pebble-like, lumpy like sausage, or cracked usually signals some level of constipation, or that your poop is taking too long to pass through your intestine. Conversely, if your stool is loose or not well-defined, it be a warning that you’re about to have diarrhea, or that you already have it. While healthy poop consistency is generally described as smooth and snake-like, you may have a normal consistency that leans towards pebble-like or loose depending on lifestyle choices, or any illnesses.
Missing these important signs simply because your grossed out by your bowel movements could lead to health issues going undiagnosed, or worsening symptoms. Taking a look in the toilet every now and again for the sake of your health is worth it, even if it’s gross.
90,000 Diagnostics and treatment of all stool disorders in the medical center on Yauza
At the Yauza Clinical Hospital, experienced gastroenterologists will conduct an examination, identify the causes and prescribe treatment for any stool disorders (semi-liquid, mushy, loose stools). The clinic has all the capabilities to diagnose diseases of the digestive tract (endoscopy of the stomach, duodenum, large intestine, rectum with biopsy, special laboratory tests, examination of the gastrointestinal tract using computed tomography and ultrasound).
Normally, feces consist of 30% water and 70% dry residue – processed food lump, dead cells of the intestinal wall and epithelium. In case of violation of the processing and absorption of food, its evacuation, imbalance of microflora, the nature of the stool changes. The cause of the appearance of semi-liquid, mushy feces can be various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), as well as diseases that are not directly related to intestinal damage. In the Clinical Hospital on Yauza, you can undergo an examination of the whole body as a whole and establish the true causes of loose stools.
Causes of semi-liquid stool
- intestinal infections (foodborne toxicoinfection, dysbiosis)
- inflammatory diseases of the digestive system (hepatitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, gallstone disease, enterocolitis, Crohn’s disease)
- irritable bowel syndrome – increased passage of the food bolus through the intestinal tube
- allergic reaction to medicines or food
- enzyme deficiency (lack of lactase for milk digestion)
- stress and physical strain
- consumption of raw water and food unusual for the body
Do not look for and eliminate the cause on your own – the disease will progress.It is better to go straight to an experienced gastroenterologist and get professional medical attention. In our clinic you will find a delicate attitude, an individual and comprehensive approach, convenience and comfort, which contributes to an effective examination and treatment.
The search for the causes of loose stools begins with the consultation of a specialist doctor. The gastroenterologist will conduct a detailed survey and physical research in order to determine the nature of the diet, constitutional features, developmental characteristics of disorders, psychogenic factors that led to the appearance of the problem.
The patient will undergo a laboratory examination with analysis of blood, urine, feces (for microbial contamination of the gastrointestinal tract, helminthic invasions, biochemical examination of feces), if necessary – an extensive range of tests for allergens. New endoscopic equipment with the possibility of gastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and taking a biopsy, including under anesthesia, ultrasound screening, computed tomography on a modern tomograph with the possibility of virtual colonoscopy – the advantages of diagnostics at the Clinical Hospital on Yauza.
In addition, if necessary, you will be consulted by a surgeon, allergist, neurologist, psychotherapist and other narrow-profile doctors – the hospital employs specialists in more than 35 areas of medicine.
Semi-liquid stool associated with malnutrition does not require treatment – it is enough to choose a complete diet. If semi-liquid stool occurs as a result of a certain disease, treatment of the underlying disease and maintenance of the intestine with the help of special drugs that normalize the digestion and absorption of nutrients (enzyme therapy), passage (motilium, loperamide) and bacterial composition (linex, bifiform) are required.
The specialists of the Clinical Hospital on Yauza will select an individual treatment taking into account all modern possibilities of medicine, the severity of the disease and the needs of the patient.
Prices for services you can see in the price list or specify by phone, indicated on the website.
90,000 Sinking chair. Stock photo No. 389471, photographer Galina Kochetkova / Photobank Lori
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90,000 Experts on the OPEC decision – the cartel tried to throw the garden chair off the sinking Titanic
A miracle did not happen in Algeria, something that the OPEC countries agreed on will not help stabilize the global hydrocarbon market in the long term.
A miracle did not happen in Algeria, something that the OPEC countries agreed on will not help stabilize the global hydrocarbon market in the long term.
Such conclusions were made on September 28, 2016 by some analytical agencies and banks.
The conclusions are pretty obvious.
surveyed readers of Neftegaz.RU are confident that the Saudis must certainly reduce production by 1.5 million barrels per day. But no one is a decree to them.
Analysts at Goldman Sachs believe that the cartel’s decision to freeze oil production could provide support for prices in the short term.
If the proposed cuts are consistently enforced and support prices, they are likely to be doomed to failure in the medium term due to massive retaliatory drilling around the world.
If the agreement reached is fulfilled, it can ensure an increase in the oil price by USD 7-10 / bbl as early as in the first half of 2017.
However, they have not yet learned how to clearly fulfill the obligations of OPEC.
Quota compliance has historically been poor, according to Goldman Sachs – especially when oil demand is not low.
But the popularity of the consulting Huron Transaction Advisory rose sharply after its director S. Cockerham compared the cartel’s decision to cut production by 2% and throw the garden chair off the sinking Titanic.
Not so long ago, Huron helped sell the pate company to another equally interesting company.
Nevertheless, the presentation of the current opinion is curious.
The market situation will not change if OPEC does not provide specific information on the methodology for production cuts and does not demonstrate its intention to implement such a program that will actually affect the global supply.
The last time the decision to freeze production was made in 2008, during the well-known crisis.
Many experts are right that OPEC has never been particularly careful to work within the framework indicated by the cartel itself.
For several years now, OPEC has exceeded its own quota.
For example, in August 2016, OPEC reduced oil production to 33.24 million barrels per day.
Moreover, in December 2015, when the world market had already begun to fever, the cartel decided to increase the quota by 1.5 million barrels per day – up to 31.5 million barrels per day.
According to OPEC forecast, the cartel will increase production to 40.7 million barrels per day by 2040,
OPEC today includes: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Niger, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Venezuela.
Indonesia and maybe Sudan will soon join.
As a reminder, on Wednesday, September 28, 2016, OPEC, after exhausting conversations, reached an agreement to reduce oil production from 33.24 million barrels per day to 32.5 – 33 million barrels per day.
Thus, production can be reduced by 2%.
However, a more accurate mechanism will be worked out by November 2016
90,000 The fifteen best business games that develop the ability to solve problems
Someone sees a problem, and someone sees a solution. Business games are not only loved by HR – they are a great way to learn how your team works (both individual members and all together) and master strategies that help the team quickly remove any obstacles that arise on the way to a common goal.As a result, project team management becomes much easier.
Business team games can be aimed at developing certain qualities and skills, including the development of communication and teamwork skills, the ability to adapt, or to strengthen the ability to joint decision-making. The list below lists the different activities, each of which focuses on a priority skill.
Any problem solving process begins with identifying it. When a problem is identified, the team must evaluate possible courses of action and then choose the best solution.This requires a deep understanding of your team and its strengths. The purpose of problem solving exercises is to identify these strengths and to develop skills and strategies to help solve the most difficult problems, as well as to have fun with coworkers!
Below is a model that illustrates the problem solving process.
Classic business games that develop problem-solving skills
1. Sinking ship
Develops the ability to adapt.
Inventory Required: Rope, blanket or duct tape to mark the spot on the floor.
Rules of the game. Use a string (blanket, duct tape) to mark a limited area on the floor and have your team stand on it. Gradually reduce this space over 10-15 minutes, and let the participants look for a way to keep each other inside and not “fall overboard.”
2. Tower of spaghetti and marshmallows
Develops teamwork skills.
Required Inventory: 20 pieces of raw spaghetti, one roll of duct tape, a meter long piece of rope and one marshmallow for each team.
Rules of the game. Your goal is to build the tallest tower capable of standing on its own, ahead of the opposing teams. If you want to complicate the game, put an additional condition: the marshmallow must be at the top of the tower and be used as a “dome”.This exercise teaches active thinking, as well as strengthens team spirit and develops leadership skills.
Develops teamwork skills, the ability to make decisions.
Required inventory: ten eggs; building materials (newspapers, cocktail straws, duct tape, cling film, balloons, rubber bands, ice cream sticks, etc.); tarp or screen protector, parking lot or any area where you are not afraid to litter.
Rules of the game. Each team gets a ball and chooses building materials for themselves. Within 20-30 minutes, participants must build a protective container that will not allow the egg to break. Then drop the containers of eggs from a height (from a high table or even from the second floor), and see whose egg does not break. If several eggs survive, gradually increase the drop height until there is only one winner left.
Develops communication skills, ability to make decisions.
Required inventory: office.
Rules of the game. Imagine that your team is trapped in an office. All doors are locked, you cannot break them or knock out windows. In 30 minutes, team members must select 10 common items from your office that they need to survive, and arrange them according to their importance. The goal is to discuss the proposed lists and order of items in thirty minutes and come to an agreement.
Creative Problem Solving Games
Develops communication skills.
Required Inventory: Lego Set.
Rules of the game. Break up into small teams of two or more members. Choose a leader who is not part of any of the teams, who must build an arbitrary structure from Lego blocks in 10 minutes. After that, the teams must reproduce this construction exactly in 15 minutes using blocks of the same color and shape.But only one member from each team can see the original design. This participant will have to clearly and accurately describe the dimensions, colors and shape of the original design. If you think this is too easy, forbid the “seeing” participant to touch the structure that his team is building. This game will help you understand the importance of effective communication.
Develops teamwork skills.
Required Inventory: 1 rope, 1 key, a locked room and 5-10 riddles or puzzles, depending on how much time you want to spend on the game.
Rules of the game. The goal of this exercise is to get out of the locked room within the allotted time by finding the key using the prepared clues. The key and clues must be hidden beforehand. The team is locked in a room, and within 30 minutes or one hour, players must find the key using the clues hidden here. To successfully complete the game, you need to be able to work together and arrange brainstorming sessions, trying to understand what this or that clue means.
7. Polar explorers
Develops the ability to make decisions, the ability to adapt.
Required Inventory: Blindfolds and one package of “building materials” (sheets of cardboard, toothpicks, rubber bands or stickers) for each team, an electric fan.
Rules of the game. Imagine that you are brave Arctic explorers wandering through an icy desert. In each team, select an “expedition leader”. A blizzard should hit in 30 minutes, and each team needs to build a shelter to stay alive.Unfortunately, the head of the expedition has frostbite hands, so that he cannot participate in the construction, and the rest have snow blindness, and they cannot see. After 30 minutes, turn on the fan and see whose shelter survives.
Develops communication skills.
Inventory Required: An empty room or hallway, blindfolds and a set of ordinary office supplies.
Rules of the game. Scatter objects (boxes, office chairs, water bottles, etc.) on the floor.randomly so that you cannot walk from one end of the room to the other and not stumble upon anything. Divide the participants into pairs, and blindfold one of the partners. The second must lead his partner from one end of the “minefield” to the other so as not to hit a single mine. However, he has no right to touch his partner. If you want to complicate the task, launch all pairs into the minefield at the same time, so that the players have to listen more attentively to the instructions of their “guides”.
9. Blind Pieces
Develops communication skills.
Required inventory: blindfolds, rope.
Rules of the game. Players put on bandages and stand in a circle. The ends of the rope are tied together, and it is laid in front of the participants also in the form of a circle – so that each of the players can bend over and feel for it. The presenter tells the players to take a rope in their hands and use it to form a geometric figure: a square, a triangle, a rectangle, etc.n. Players can talk, but they must not remove their armbands. If you have a lot of participants, they can be divided into teams and given a rope to each of the teams. The winner is the team that builds the required figure faster.
Simple and easy games that develop problem-solving skills
10. Blind build
Develops communication skills.
Required Inventory: Blindfolds.
Rules of the game. Participants blindfold, and then the presenter whispers to each player a number, starting with one. Then the participants should line up in ascending order of their numbers, without talking to each other. You can also line up not by numbers, but by height, age, birthdays, etc.
11. Flip the pyramid
Develops the ability to adapt, teamwork skills.
Required inventory: not needed.
Rules of the game.Participants stand in such a way as to form a pyramid, like balls in billiards. Then the leader says that three of the team members must move in such a way that the top and bottom of the pyramid are reversed. It is best to do this exercise in a large group, which can be divided into small teams and see who turns the pyramid over faster.
12. Change of seats
Develops the ability to adapt, teamwork skills.
Required inventory: chalk, rope, duct tape, paper (to mark the place where you can stand).
Rules of the game. Divide the group of players into two teams and line them up in two lines facing each other. Using chalk, duct tape, rope, or pieces of paper (depending on which floor you are playing on) mark where each player is standing, as well as one extra blank space between the two lines. The goal is to swap the lines.
Use the following restrictions:
- Only one person can move at a time.
- You cannot switch places with a player looking in the same direction.
- Can’t move back.
- In one move, a player cannot swap places with more than one player from the second team.
Develops the ability to adapt, teamwork skills.
Required inventory: not needed.
Rules of the game. All participants must stand in a circle, then each player takes the hands of any two players not standing next to him. After everyone joins hands, ask the players to “untangle” and form a perfect circle without unclenching their hands. To do this, the participants in the game will need creative and strategic thinking.
The last two games are suitable for situations where you have a problem to solve.
14. Competition for the dumbest idea
Purpose: to solve the current problem.
Required inventory: not needed.
Rules of the game. Sometimes “dumb” ideas are the best ones. Ask each of the participants to come up with the dumbest solution to the problem at hand. Then, after making a long list, try to find a solution that doesn’t turn out to be so dumb.
Brainstorm your Wrike project management system.It’s free and allows members to start collaborating right away.
15. What would X do?
Purpose: to solve the current problem.
Required inventory: not needed.
Rules of the game. Have each participant introduce themselves as a celebrity or extraordinary person they like. Then ask each player what their character’s opinion would be if faced with the current problem? How would he solve it? This will allow each of the participants to think about a possible solution that might not have occurred to them otherwise.
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90,000 K.Eastwood staged a performance with a chair in the role of Barack Obama :: Society :: RBC
Famed American filmmaker Clint Eastwood made an unexpectedly harsh speech against President Barack Obama at the US Republican Party rally on August 31.In a theatrical manner, the master of cinema put a chair next to him, and then addressed him with a speech, as if he symbolized the head of state.
K.Eastwood accused the current American leader of failing to address key issues facing the country. The current owner of the White House promised to cope with unemployment, but he could not find a social evil to deal with, – stated the director.
K. Eastwood’s emotional speech became the subject of wide discussion in the blogosphere. On Twitter, the @InvisibleObama (“invisible Obama”) and #eastwooding communities have appeared, in which users post photos of the director with a chair and words of support.
The Democrats also did not stand aside, making sarcastic comments on K. Eastwood’s speech. On the Internet, there was a “fotozhaba” on the actor, which was based on a frame from the animated series “The Simpsons”. The caption to the picture is very eloquent – “the old man yells at the chair.”
Barack Obama’s election headquarters also felt it right to respond. The president’s PR team published a photo of the current head of state sitting on a chair in the Oval Office. “This seat has already been taken,” reads the signature.
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