Skin bumps on buttocks: The request could not be satisfied
11 Signs Bumps & Blemishes Around Your Butt Are Normal Or Not
It follows you around wherever you go, but how often do you consider the health of your butt? Probably not until you get an itchy or painful bump on your butt, at which point it’s all you’re going to be able to think about.
There are several reasons why bumps and blemishes form on the butt, from everyday irritation to more urgent health concerns. It’s pretty common to get regular pimples on your butt cheeks, just like the kind you get on your face and back. (More on that below.)
On the not-so-benign side of the spectrum, watch out for bumps that are painful, bloody, or itchy, Dr. Purvisha Patel, a board-certified dermatologist, tells Bustle. There are sores, lesions, and even sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can appear around the buttocks region, and it may require the help of a doctor.
If you notice a painful bump, don’t hesitate to waltz into a dermatologist’s office to ask what’s up. “Doctors look at butts all day long, it’s part of the job and you should never be embarrassed,” Maryann Mikhail, MD, a board-certified dermatologist, tells Bustle. “It’s always better to speak up so you know what’s going on and can get treatment right away.”
Whether it’s an over the counter (OTC) cream or something provided by the dermatologist, there are ways to clear up the bumps on your butt and make you feel way better. With that in mind, read on for how to tell if a bump or blemish is OK or if it might require extra care.
1. Normal: A Red Rash After Using Cleansing Wipes
If you’re feeling sweaty, you might want to freshen up your whole body (butt included) with a cleansing wipe. And while that’s fine to do, don’t be surprised if the skin on your buttocks gets bumpy and red as a result.
“Wipes are super convenient but because the chemicals are left behind on your skin, they can cause irritation or allergic contact dermatitis,” Dr. Tsippora Shainhouse MD, FAAD, a board-certified dermatologist, tells Bustle. Depending on how sensitive your skin is, it might feel itchy or even burn a bit, but it isn’t dangerous.
To prevent irritation, Shainhouse recommends avoiding wipes that contain the ingredient methylchloroisothiazolinone. If you have the time, she also says rinsing your skin with a splash of water will help remove any other leftover chemicals, so you can go on with your day.
2. Normal: A Patch Of Red Bumps
If you have red rash on your cheeks, it could be due to a common condition known as folliculitis. These inflammatory bumps will look a lot like acne on the buttocks, Robin Evans, MD, a board-certified dermatologist, tells Bustle, but they’re actually lesions of pustules.
They tend to flare up when there’s friction between your skin and your clothes, which is more likely to happen if you’re sweating, wearing tight underwear or pants, or sitting around in a wet bathing suit. Once it flares up, the rash can become painful, sore, or even itchy.
If you suspect your rash is folliculitis, try changing out of sweaty clothes, using an antibacterial body wash in the shower, or applying an OTC benzoyl peroxide acne cream.
3. Normal: Butt Pimples
Face, shoulders, chest, back — acne can literally crop up anywhere. But when it comes to your butt, friction and moisture play a big role.
“Breakouts can be made worse by wearing tight-fitting clothes or by staying in sweaty clothing for too long,” Evans says. So if you exercise or get feel sweaty on a hot day, make it a point to change and shower a little more frequently, but especially before going to bed.
While butt pimples are nothing to worry about, they can be annoying and slightly painful. To get rid of them, Evans recommends an OTC benzoyl peroxide wash. “If that doesn’t work,” she says, “ask a dermatologist for a prescription.”
4. Not Normal: A Purple Lump That Makes It Difficult To Sit Down
If it hurts to sit down, your butt is itchy, or you notice a purple lump protruding from your butt region, you might have a case of hemorrhoids. And that’s not something you should ignore.
“These are dilated blood vessels in the anus and rectum,” Shainhouse says. “These vessels can enlarge and engorge and often protrude from the anus [in the form of] hard, purple lumps.”
If you’re pregnant or constipated, it can increase your chance of developing hemorrhoids. Other risk factors include sitting for long periods of time, eating a low-fiber diet, and chronic diarrhea. While hemorrhoids will often go away on their own, especially if you use an OTC cream, Shainhouse says some do require surgery.
The lump may also be caused by something called a lipoma, Patel says, which is a benign growth of fat. “They are softer lumps under the skin and can happen on the buttocks,” she says. If you notice it get bigger, have a doctor take a look.
5. Not Normal: An Extremely Itchy Rash
If you have extreme itchiness on your butt cheeks, it may be time to get checked for scabies. According to Shainhouse, scabies is caused by mites that burrow under the skin resulting in a horrible case of itchiness — sometimes to the point you’ll have trouble sleeping.
“The itch will last until you treat the mites with a prescription cream, so see your dermatologist ASAP,” she says. And remember that it’s incredibly contagious, so tell your partner(s) to get checked and treated, too.
A doctor will have to diagnose the issue. Treatments include applying medication lotions and washing all your clothes, towels, and bedsheets to get rid of the mites.
6. Not Normal: A Blister On Your Buttocks
When you think of herpes, you might imagine lip sores or bumps on the genitals. And while those are symptoms of this incredibly common virus, sores can crop up in other areas, too, like your buttocks, anus, and thighs.
“If you have a painful ‘pimple’ that keeps popping up in the same place every once in a while, it may not be a ‘pimple,'” Shainhouse says. While there are other possible explanations, consider getting checked for herpes.
According to Evans, signs of herpes virus include a grouping of blisters on a pink base. “These lesions are painful or tingling in sensation and typically will self-resolve within one to two weeks but can be recurrent,” she says. “Treatment to shorten the course of the episodes or prevent episodes can be prescribed as oral antiviral therapy by your dermatologist.”
If you suspect the bump is a herpes sore, don’t hesitate to seek medical advice. “It is worth discussing with your dermatologist because treatment can be very helpful and because it is contagious and can be sexually transmitted,” Evans says.
7. Not Normal: A Large, Tender Lesion
While it’s common to get pimples on your butt, you certainly don’t want to sit idly by while one grows to epic proportions. In fact, if a sore seems to be getting larger, it could be a sign you have an abscess.
“This super-sized acne-like lesion often starts as a tender, pink bump on or under the skin, but rapidly becomes a large, painful, swollen lump,” Shainhouse says. Whatever you do, don’t attempt to pop or drain the abscess, since you might accidentally push the infection deeper into your body.
“The best treatment is to have it opened and drained by your doctor,” Shainhouse says. But until your appointment, it may help to apply an ice pack or a warm compress — whatever feels best — to soothe the area at home.
8. Not Normal: Bumps That Are Warm Or Sore
If you have a bump on your butt (or anywhere, for that matter) that is warm to the touch, it’s definitely time to see your dermatologist so they can take a closer look and determine the cause.
“Any bump that is warm, swollen, painful, or leaks pus may be a severe deeper infection that needs oral antibiotics,” Dr. Sonam Yadav, a physician and medical director of Juverne Clinic, tells Bustle. So go get that thing checked ASAP.
It could be an infected pimple or a more serious condition known as cellulitis, which is a potentially dangerous skin infection that occurs when a crack or cut in the skin allows bacteria to enter. In more extreme cases, the bacteria can spread throughout your body so don’t ignore it.
9. Not Normal: Moles That Are Changing Shape
Even though your butt is covered most of the time, and thus protected from the sun’s damaging UV rays, it’s still an area that needs to be checked for skin cancer. This is especially true if a bump or mole in that area is bothering you, changing shape, or otherwise feels different.
“Any new moles or pigmented patches, or a mole that is changing color/shape/size, oozing blood, or newly itchy needs to be assessed,” Yadav says. “Skin cancer — especially melanoma — can appear anywhere, including the skin on your butt. A regular skin exam helps screen suspicious spots.”
10. Not Normal: Red Rashes Or Small Bite Marks
The butt is a prime location for bites from ticks, Yadav says. So if you’ve been outside, give yourself a once over to check for them and then wash off thoroughly in the shower, especially during tick season. A a bite from a deer tick can result in a red circular rash that looks like a bull’s eye. Deer tick bites can also put you at risk for Lyme disease, which is a bacterial infection.
Another big fan of the butt? Bedbugs. These tiny parasites can live in your furniture — like your bed or couch — and tend to bite while you’re asleep. You might not see them, but you’ll likely spot the aftermath of red and itchy bite marks that tend to go in straight a line.
If you’re allergic to bedbug bites, you might even break out in blisters or hives. This will obviously require a trip to the doctor as well as a thorough bedbug treatment for your entire apartment.
11. Not Normal: A Rash That’s Spreading
It can be tough to see what, exactly, is happening on your buttocks region. But if you have an annoying symptom like itchiness, take it as your cue to drop your drawers and shimmy up to a mirror.
If you spot an itchy rash that’s spreading across your cheeks, it could be a sign of intertrigo, which tends to form where there are folds in the skin. “This is a red, raw rash, usually in between the butt cheeks,” Mikhail says. “It can sting or burn. Psoriasis, fungal infections, yeast infections, and allergic reactions can cause intertrigo.”
At this point you know what to do. (Yup! Go see your doctor.) Whatever the case may be, they will be able to provide treatment. Because the last thing you want is to have pain on your butt, especially since you need to sit on it.
Dr. Purvisha Patel, board-certified dermatologist
Maryann Mikhail, MD, board-certified dermatologist
Dr. Tsippora Shainhouse MD, FAAD, board-certified dermatologist
Robin Evans, MD, board-certified dermatologist
Dr. Sonam Yadav, physician and medical director
This article was originally published on
Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
What is keratosis pilaris?
Keratosis pilaris is a benign (not harmful) skin condition that looks like small bumps. If you have this condition, you may notice small, painless bumps on your skin around the hair follicles. These bumps may have a red, brown or white color — they can also be skin-colored. You may hear keratosis pilaris called KP or even “chicken skin” because of its goose bump-like appearance.
It’s so common that it’s considered by many dermatologists to be a skin type instead of a medical condition. Keratosis pilaris is most commonly seen in families with a history of eczema, allergies and asthma. About 50 to 80% of teenagers and 40% of adults will develop these bumps at some point during their life. You’ll typically find these bumps on your upper arms, but they can also appear on your cheeks, legs or buttocks.
Who is most likely to develop keratosis pilaris?
Keratosis pilaris is typically more common in younger people and it often gets worse around puberty. Babies and teenagers are especially likely to develop this condition. Keratosis pilaris is linked to certain genetic traits, which could make you more likely to develop it during your life.
You may be more likely to experience keratosis pilaris if you have:
- Fair or light skin.
- Certain skin conditions like, eczema or ichthyosis vulgaris (a genetic condition where your dead skin cells look like fish scales).
- Asthma (a chronic disease that causes breathing problems from inflamed airways).
- A higher body weight (obese or overweight).
Symptoms and Causes
What causes keratosis pilaris?
The bumps you see when you have keratosis pilaris are actually collections of dead skin cells. These bumps are sometimes mistaken for clusters of small pimples. Keratosis pilaris bumps happen when dead skin cells clog (block) your pores instead of flaking off. Your pores are openings in your skin where hairs come through the skin (hair follicles).
Healthcare providers don’t know why some people are affected by keratosis pilaris, while others aren’t. There could be a genetic factor — meaning your genes could impact your chances of developing this condition.
If you have a skin condition like eczema, you’re more likely to get keratosis pilaris. Eczema is a common chronic skin condition that causes your skin to have red, itchy patches that come and go over time.
Is keratosis pilaris contagious?
Keratosis pilaris isn’t contagious. Out of the many different types of skin bumps and growths that are possible, keratosis pilaris is a harmless one.
What are the most common symptoms of keratosis pilaris?
The main feature of keratosis pilaris that you’ll notice will be groupings of tiny, rough, sometimes discolored bumps on your skin. Most people will notice the appearance of the bumps, but won’t have any symptoms related to them. If you do experience symptoms of keratosis pilaris, they can include:
- Itchy or dry skin, especially on the backs of your upper arms, legs or buttocks.
- Irritation of the bumps that causes them to become more red and noticeable. This is known as frictional lichenoid dermatitis.
- Rough, sandpaper-like skin where the bumps appear.
- Worsening of the bumps when the air is drier (such as in winter months).
Some of these symptoms — like itchy, dry skin — can be caused by other conditions. You can have similar symptoms related to eczema, psoriasis, allergies or fungal infections. If you are concerned about your symptoms, or if they linger, it’s a good idea to check with you healthcare provider.
Diagnosis and Tests
How is keratosis pilaris diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will typically diagnose keratosis pilaris with a simple physical examination of the skin where you have bumps. Medical testing is usually not needed to diagnose this condition. If your provider is unsure that it’s keratosis pilaris, additional tests may be done to complete your diagnosis. These other tests could include taking a tiny sample of your skin to rule out other skin conditions.
The location and characteristics of the bumps can help you identify whether you have keratosis pilaris.
Keratosis pilaris bumps most often show up on your arms — especially the upper arms. They can also appear on your cheeks, legs (upper or lower) or buttocks.
How any skin bumps look and feel can tell you a lot about what might be causing them. Keratosis pilaris bumps are:
- Painless: If you feel discomfort or pain when pressing on a skin bump, it’s probably not keratosis pilaris.
- Itchy or dry: These bumps, and the skin around them, may feel itchy or dry.
- Rough: Running your hands over these bumps may feel rough to the touch, like sandpaper.
- Discolored: Bumps may appear skin colored, red, white, brown, or even dark brown or black (depending on the natural color of your skin).
Do I need to see a specialist to diagnose keratosis pilaris?
In most cases, you can see your family doctor for a diagnosis of keratosis pilaris. Some people may go to a skin specialist called a dermatologist for treatment of their keratosis pilaris.
Management and Treatment
What are common keratosis pilaris treatments?
Because keratosis pilaris isn’t harmful, you usually don’t need to treat it. For some people, the bumps go away on their own or become less noticeable by about age 30. You may also notice that the bumps go away in the summer and only become noticeable in the winter.
If the bumps bother you, treatment with moisturizers, creams and gentle skin care may help your symptoms.
Treatments your healthcare provider may recommend can include:
Over-the-counter moisturizing lotions
Dry skin can make keratosis pilaris worse. Applying an over-the-counter moisturizer keeps skin hydrated, minimizing and softening the bumps. Apply several times each day, especially after showering while your skin is still damp. Moisturizers with ammonium lactate and alpha hydroxyl acids, such as Am-Lactin or CeraVe SA cream, are the best choices for rough, bumpy skin and people with keratosis pilaris.
Your healthcare provider can tell you if prescription-strength moisturizers may be right for you. The ingredients urea and alpha-hydroxy acids can sometimes improve the look of keratosis pilaris. Medicated vitamin A creams, such as Retin-A, can help decrease the buildup of dead skin cells that causes keratosis pilais. Be careful not to use too much. Overuse of these medicated creams can irritate your skin.
Use a loofah to gently brush the affected areas of your skin while you shower or bathe. Make sure not to scrub too hard. Scrubbing can irritate your skin and make your symptoms worse.
Laser treatments can be offered by a dermatologist. These treatments can help improve the redness associated with keratosis pilaris.
Gentle skin care
Most people find their keratosis pilaris improves when they change their routine to avoid dry skin. Changes can include:
- Taking shorter showers (15 minutes or less).
- Using lukewarm versus hot water in baths or showers.
- Using a humidifier, which can help hydrate your skin.
- Using moisturizers daily.
Keep in mind that these keratosis pilaris treatments are temporary. You’ll need to continue treatments to see continued improvements. Some people don’t see any benefit from treatment. Fortunately, keratosis pilaris is not harmful, only annoying. It does not lead to long-term damage to the skin.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Keratosis pilaris is often a temporary skin condition that goes away over time. It usually doesn’t cause any symptoms, but if you experience any discomfort like itchy or dry skin, reach out to your healthcare provider. There are ways to treat keratosis pilaris. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best ways to care for your skin.
How to Get Rid of Butt Pimples
Pimples on your butt can be uncomfortable, not to mention a little embarrassing, but butt pimples are normal. Way more normal than you think. In most cases, what you see as acne is actually folliculitis, inflammation of hair follicles. It’s especially common among men since we have a larger amount of terminal (i.e. thick, course) hair on our bodies compared to women. “The thicker and wider the follicle, the more prone it is to getting infected,” says New York city-based dermatologist Robert Finney, MD.
Most butt bumps are caused by a buildup of bacteria due to sweat and moisture which gets lodged in the hair follicles. “Butt acne is typically more noticeable in warmer summer months,” says Los Angeles-based dermatologist Michael Kassardjian, DO, when things can get swampy. But it can happen year round and you don’t have to be especially active to get it. Some dermatologists, like Dr. Finney, have noticed an increase in patients complaining about butt acne due to pandemic-related lockdowns and work-from-home orders. “I think sometimes people don’t shower as much” when they don’t have to leave the house, he theorizes.
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Exfoliate the Area
Glytone Exfoliating Body Wash
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“I like to have guys use a benzoyl peroxide wash or soap on the buttocks and back if they are experiencing breakouts,” says Dr. Rossi. Benzoyl peroxide, a common acne-fighting ingredient, is antibacterial and will help clear acne and folliculitis-causing bacteria away from pores and the surface of the skin.
Other proven acne-fighting acids can help as well. “Glycolic acid is good because it’s a strong exfoliator,” says Dr. Finney. “When there is sweat and clothes rubbing against skin, it can lead to the follicle getting blocked and bacteria getting trapped in there. Glycolic acid keeps the channels open.” Salicylic acid, another exfoliator found in Neutrogena Body Clear Body Wash, can help as well. He recommends steering clear from harsh scrubs, however. “Scrubs can help with some of the clogs, but can be irritating,” he says. “Alpha and beta hydroxy acids [like glycolic and salicylic acids] can do it in a gentler and more controlled manner.” Look for body washes that contain either and use them a few times a week till the bumps clear up.
Use a Spot Treatment
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Just like on your face, a spot treatment isn’t a magic bullet, but it does help. That’s because the same ingredients used to fight acne on your face, like glycolic and salicylic acids or benzoyl peroxide, can help with folliculitis as well, says Dr. Finney. Apply these spot treatments to specific pimples a couple of times a day just like you would to pimples on your face.
Use Compresses to Help Alleviate Pain
Sometimes, the bumps on your butt can get a little painful, especially if they’re deeply rooted beneath the surface. “If it’s a deep red nodule coming up from underneath the skin, you can try using warm compresses for 15 minutes several times a day to try to reduce the inflammation,” says Rajani Katta, MD, author of Glow: The Dermatologist’s Guide to a Whole Foods Younger Skin Diet. If it’s coming to a head, a warm compress can also help alleviate the pressure and help “get it to start to work it’s way out,” says Dr. Finney.
Pop Butt Pimples With Caution
Popping “can lead to hyperpigmentation and scarring. Additionally, you’re more likely to drive more bacteria into your skin, causing more inflammation, making the situation even worse,” says Dr. Kassardjian. Using a warm compress, as noted above, could help gently pop it, but it’s better to err on the side of caution and keep your hands off.
There’s another reason to not mess with a butt pimple: it could be something else. “A furuncle, which is usually caused from staph, is an infection of a bunch of follicles next to one another,” says Dr. Finney. And unlike pimples, these stick around. “If you have a pimple that pops out, but is not resolving and is very painful and red,” it could be a more serious infection that a dermatologist would have to prescribe oral antibiotics to clear up. When in doubt, see a doctor.
Moisturize With the Right Stuff
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It’s possible to have sensitive or dry skin and butt acne since most butt pimples are caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and not excess oil. If you have bumps on your butt, you can (and should) continue to moisturize. “Stay away from heavier stuff and instead look for products that are non-comedogenic and oil-free,” says Dr. Finney. This means they won’t run the risk of clogging pores and making matters worse.
See a Dermatologist
Most body acne will clear up in a matter of a week or so, says Dr Finney, but if zits stay around and continue to be “juicy, angry and irritated, it’s more likely a component of a bacteria like staph.” Dr. Kassardjian recommends heading to a professional who can “possibly start you on some prescription medications to prevent infection,” he says. “A dermatologist may also extract, drain and inject larger lesions to help improve them quicker.”
Hit the Shower
Prevention is always better than a cure and the best way to prevent butt acne is to “make sure you maintain good hygiene daily, specifically after aerobic activities or after any sweating,” says Dr. Kassardjian. Make sure to always shower as soon after a workout as possible. “The combination of your sweat, heat and friction [from exercise] increases your risk of recurrent stubborn folliculitis and allows potential bacteria to brew in your clothes,” he says.
Wear Breathable Fabrics
Tight clothing can keep sweat and moisture close to the skin, leading to bacteria growth and making pimples on your butt and other parts of your body more likely. Wearing looser, lightweight clothing or clothing with moisture-wicking properties, especially during exercise, can help keep butt acne away. When in doubt, “choose cotton underwear over nylon or spandex,” says Dr. Kassardjian.
Look At Your Diet
Persistent body acne could be a sign of hormonal imbalances inside your body. While hormone-related breakouts are much more common in women than men, hormonal acne on the buttocks does affect some men, usually when outside testosterone sources are to blame. “Whey protein and workout supplements that are really, really high in B vitamins could cause acne or folliculitis,” says Dr. Finney. It shouldn’t be your first attempt at controlling body acne, but if it’s resistant to the other steps on this list, consider looking at your protein sources, particularly if they’re soy based, and switch them up, he says.
Minimize the Lasting Effects
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Like pimples on your face, butt pimples could leave behind dark marks and scars, especially if you try to pop or pick them yourself. The best way to prevent these marks from happening in the first place is with proper treatment of the acne. “These spots will fade, but if you continue breaking out you’re just going to create new ones,” says Dr. Finney. “If you’re not targeting the bacterial component, you’re not going to get very far.” Once the breakouts are under control, ingredients like retinol can help fade any marks left behind. Apply a retinol gel or cream periodically and if it makes your skin dry, make sure to bust out the non-comedogenic lotion.
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Keratosis Pilaris (KP) | Cedars-Sinai
Not what you’re looking for?
What is keratosis pilaris (KP)?
Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a common long-term (chronic) skin
condition. It causes small, scaly bumps on the skin where there are hair follicles.
The bumps are extra keratin. This is a type of protein that’s part of skin, hair,
and nails. The bumps can appear on the upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. They can
also appear on the cheeks and on the sides of the torso. The bumps can get worse in
cold weather, and better in warm weather. In many people, the bumps go away as they
What causes keratosis pilaris?
Experts don’t know what causes it. Genes may cause the skin to
create the extra keratin. It is linked to eczema or atopic dermatitis.
Who is at risk for keratosis pilaris?
You are more at risk for keratosis pilaris if you have a parent or
sibling who has it. You are also more at risk if you have atopic dermatitis.
What are the symptoms of keratosis pilaris?
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person. They can
include small, hard bumps on the back of the upper arms, thighs, buttocks, or
cheeks. They often don’t itch or cause pain. The bumps may have pale, dry skin
scales on top. They may look red. Some of the bumps may have a hair from the
follicle twisted inside them.
The symptoms of keratosis pilaris can look like other health
conditions. See your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is keratosis pilaris diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and health
history. They may also ask about your family’s health history. They will give you
physical exam. The physical exam will include looking closely at your skin. Often
this is all that is needed to make a diagnosis. In rare cases, a piece of skin may
be removed (skin biopsy) and checked under a microscope.
How is keratosis pilaris treated?
There is no cure for keratosis pilaris. But the symptoms can be
managed. KP can improve with age and without treatment. Treatment may improve the
appearance of the bumps. But the condition often comes back if treatment is stopped.
Treatment may include:
Reducing the size of the bumps.
Lotion and cream with medicines such as salicylic acid, lactic acid, urea, or
tretinoin can help reduce the bumps.
Keeping your skin moisturized.
Put lotion or cream regularly on the areas with bumps. You can also use
petroleum jelly or cold cream to moisturize the skin.
These may not help reduce the bumps in some people. And the bumps
will come back when you stop these skin care steps.
Talk with your healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and
possible side effects of all medicines.
Can keratosis pilaris be prevented?
Researchers don’t know how to prevent KP.
Living with keratosis pilaris
Keratosis pilaris is a chronic condition. But you can manage it
with regular skin care to reduce the bumps and keep skin moisturized.
When should I call my healthcare provider?
Call the healthcare provider if you have:
- Symptoms that don’t get better, or get worse
- New symptoms
Key points about keratosis pilaris
- Keratosis pilaris is a common long-term (chronic) skin
condition. It causes small, scaly bumps on the skin where there are hair
- The bumps can appear on the upper arms, thighs, and
buttocks. They can also appear on the cheeks and on the sides of the body.
- Researchers aren’t sure what causes it. Genes may cause the
skin to create the excess keratin.
- There’s no cure for keratosis pilaris. But the symptoms can
- Treatment may include reducing the size of the bumps and
keeping your skin moisturized. The bumps will come back when you stop these skin
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare
- Know the reason for your visit and what you want to
- Before your visit, write down questions you want
- Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and
remember what your provider tells you.
- At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and
any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions
your provider gives you.
- Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how
it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
- Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
- Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the
results could mean.
- Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have
the test or procedure.
- If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date,
time, and purpose for that visit.
- Know how you can contact your provider if you have
Medical Reviewer: Michael Lehrer MD
Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN
Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
© 2000-2021 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.
Not what you’re looking for?
How to get rid of bum spots, according to derms | London Evening Standard
um or “butt” acne, as it is often referred to, has to be one of the most unpleasant – and painful – kinds of breakouts you can experience.
And it’s more common than you think.
Prone to a spotty bottom? We sought expert advice from dermatologists on the how to treat the pesky condition once and for all.
What causes butt pimples?
Despite what you might think butt pimples are not actually considered acne.
“Whilst they make look like acne, bum spots are usually caused by another skin problem – folliculitis, a common condition in which hair follicles can become blocked, inflamed and infected, leading to a spotty rash that can become very itchy at times,” says Dr Anjali Mahto, a consultant dermatologist at Cadogan Clinic and author or The Skincare Bible.
This is the secret ingredient to the J-Beauty ‘mochi skin’ trend
The difference is in the role of sebum production, explains dermatologist and founder of Meder Beauty Science, Dr Tiina Meder. “Acne of the chest or back is linked to the hyperproduction of sebum, however the lower part of the body is not. Therefore using skincare products designed to treat acne on the face will not help treat bottom acne because the majority of these products contain ingredients like retinol and its derivatives that decrease sebum production.”
Dr Gabriel Serrano, dermatologist and founder of cult Spanish skincare company Sesderma, adds that while acne of the face, chest or back is often due to “hormonal reasons, or simply genetics,” folliculitis (or spots on your bum) is likely to be triggered by wearing and sweating in tight clothing made of non-breathable lycra or polyester, which can allow bacteria and dead skin cells to penetrate your pores.
Dr Mahto agrees: “Sitting around in tight, synthetic, occlusive clothing can be the cause. Gym kits should ideally be left for the gym and not regular daywear!”
Below, the derms have shared their top tips for avoiding unwanted bottom breakouts.
Open up those pores
You want to try and keep your pores as unclogged as possible, so dermatology nurse Emma Coleman suggests using a warm compress to help open everything up.
This could be a damp or hot towel, says Dr Serrano, who recommends doing so before getting in the shower, “this will allow for a deeper cleanse,” he explains.
Use an antibacterial body wash
Dr Mahto recommends investing in an antibacterial soap and remembering to thoroughly wash regularly, “always change your clothing right after working out,” she adds.
Meanwhile, Dr Serrano’s tip is to wash your body last in the shower: “This will help rid any excess shampoo and conditioner which can cause irritation of the skin thus exacerbating the condition.”
Exfoliate, but gently
Body brushing is a popular wellness ritual, but Dr Meder warns that skin infections and irritations can also be caused by overly harsh body cleansing or brushing with an abrasive loofa, sponge or body brush, so remember to be gentle.
The same applies for when choosing a scrub. “While it’s important to remove dead skin to prevent spots, it’s also important not to strip away too many of your natural oils, so a good balance when using scrubs is essential,” Dr Serrano says. “Scrubs that contain particles with rough edges can scratch and damage your skin, causing more inflammation and irritation.
“Exfoliating too harshly, which many people tend to do, can demolish the protective barrier, leading to reddened and irritated skin, and once removed, the skin is exposed to environmental toxins that can cause spots.”
Instead try using products containing glycolic acid, a chemical exfoliant, which will both exfoliate your skin and keep it hydrated.
Use the right moisturiser
Keeping the skin on your butt moisturised is important, but just as you would on your face, avoid thick consistencies which can clog pores. Look for ingredients like aloe vera and vitamin E which have a low molecular weight and can penetrate deeper into the skin, Dr Serrano recommends.
Sitting down for long periods of time means that your bottom doesn’t have a chance to breathe. “Try setting an alarm to remind you to move around at work, or perhaps offer to make a tea round and take a walk around the block at lunch, to up your daily step count,” he adds.
Dermatitis Herpetiformis – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)
Hull CM, Zone JJ. Dermatitis herpetiformis and linear IgA bullous dermatosis. In: Dermatology, 3rd ed, Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, et al (Eds), Elsevier Limited, 2012. Vol 1, p.491.
Karpati S. An exception within the group of autoimmune blistering diseases: dermatitis herpetiformis, the gluten-sensitive dermopathy. Dermatol Clin. 2011; 29:463.
Salmi TT, Hervonen K, Kautiainen H, et al. Prevalence and incidence of dermatitis herpetiformis: a 40-year prospective study from Finland. Br J Dermatol. 2011; 165:354.
Caputo I, Barone MV, Martucciello S, et al. Tissue transglutaminase in celiac disease: role of autoantibodies. Amino Acids. 2009; 36:693.
Alonso-Llamazares J, Gibson LE, Rogers RS. Clinical, pathologic and immunopathologic features of dermatitis herpetiformis: review of the Mayo clinic experience. Int J Dermatol. 2007; 46:910.
Hervonen K, Hakanen M, Kaukinen K, et al. First-degree relatives are frequently affected in coeliac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2002; 37:51.
Molberg O, McAdam SN, Korner R, et al. Tissue transglutaminase selectively modifies gliadin peptides that are recognized by gut-derived T cells in celiac disease. Nat Med. 1998; 4:713.
Marsh MN. Transglutaminase, gluten and celiac disease: food for thought. Transglutaminase is identified as the autoantigen of celiac disease. Nat Med. 1997; 3:725.
Aine L, Reunala T, Maki M. Dental enamel defects in children with dermatitis herpetiformis. J Pediatr. 1991; 118:572.
Ermacora E, Prampolini L, Tribbia G, et al. Long-term follow-up of dermatitis herpetiformis in children. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1986; 15:24.
Hull C. Dermatitis herpetiformis. In: Post T, ed. UpToDate. Waltham, Mass.: UpToDate; 2016. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/dermatitis-herpetiformis Accessed April 20, 2018.
Mirza HA, Gharbi A. Dermatitis Herpetiformis. [Updated 2018 Mar 30]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2018 Jan. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493163/ Accessed May 1, 2018.
Scabies. American Academy of Dermatology website. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/contagious-skin-diseases/scabies. Accessed April 20, 2018.
What is eczema. Eczema Canada website. http://www.eczemacanada.ca/en/What-Is-Eczema. Accessed April 20, 2018.
McKusick VA, ed. Online Mendelian Inheritance In Man (OMIM). The Johns Hopkins University. Dermatitis Herpetiformis, Familial. Entry Number; 601230: Last Edit Date; 01/09/2006. https://www.omim.org/entry/601230?search=601230&highlight=601230
Accessed May 1, 2018
Drayer J. Dermatitis herpetiformis. Medical Encyclopedia. MedlinePlus. Review Date 4/14/2017. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001480.htm Accessed May 1, 2018.
Fabbri P, Caproni M. Dermatitis herpetiformis. orphanet. Update: February 2005. https://www.orpha.net/data/patho/GB/uk-DermatitisHerpetiformis.pdf Accessed May 1, 2018.
Erythema nodosum – Better Health Channel
Erythema nodosum appear as red tender lumps, most commonly on the shins or lower legs. The condition is three times more common in women than men, and tends to develop somewhere between 20 and 45 years of age. Children under the age of 15 years are very rarely affected.
The specific cause of erythema nodosum is unknown, but the condition can be triggered by certain drugs, diseases and infections. The trigger remains unknown in many cases. Even with treatment, the inflamed nodules can take around three to six weeks to resolve.
Symptoms of erythema nodosum
The symptoms include:
- The skin on the shins is most commonly affected.
- Other areas that may be affected include the ankles, calves, thighs, buttocks and arms.
- Raised red, hard, hot and painful lumps appear on the skin.
- The lumps can be from 1 cm to 20 cm wide.
- Up to 50 lumps may develop in the affected area.
- Legs may swell.
- Fever and general malaise may occur.
- Around half of all cases are associated with joint pains, particularly the knees.
- Conjunctivitis sometimes develops.
- The lumps turn from bright cherry red to purple over a few days.
- The purple lumps become brownish-yellow and flat over a few weeks.
- The lumps tend to recur if the person doesn’t have sufficient rest.
Erythema nodosum – immune cells
The skin consists of three main layers, being the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous layer. The subcutaneous layer is the deepest, and provides support and structure for the overlying dermis and epidermis.
Erythema nodosum is an immunological response. The characteristic lumps are collections of immune cells clustered in pockets within the subcutaneous layer. In some cases, the dermis (middle layer of the skin) may also be affected.
Causes of erythema nodosum
The exact cause of erythema nodosum is unknown, but some cases may be linked to or triggered by a range of infections and other factors, including:
- throat infections, usually bacterial
- involvement of the lymph nodes in sarcoidosis
- Hodgkin’s disease
- hormonal changes, such as pregnancy and the use of birth control pills
- certain drugs, including penicillin, bromides and sulphonamides
- inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- other infections, including psittacosis, infectious mononucleosis (EBV or ‘glandular fever’), hepatitis B and syphilis.
The trigger is unknown in around 20 per cent of cases.
Diagnosis of erythema nodosum
Erythema nodosum can be confused with other skin conditions, such as vasculitis or necrobiosis lipoidica. It needs to be carefully diagnosed and further tests may be used to identify the cause.
These may include:
- medical history
- physical examination
- biopsy of the subcutaneous tissue
- throat swab
- blood tests
- chest x-rays
- specific tests for other known triggers such as tuberculosis.
Treatment for erythema nodosum
Treatment depends on the underlying cause, but may include:
- bed rest to relieve pressure and reduce swelling
- support stockings or bandages
- the use of alternating hot and cold compresses to ease pain
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)
- corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- treatment of the underlying cause – for example, treating the infection or changing the treatment if medications are the cause
- other medications have been reported to be useful, including dapsone, colchicine, hydroxychloroquine and erythromycin.
Where to get help
90,000 Disease or Feature: The Whole Truth About Cellulite
Cellulite for women is an eternal drama. The entire beauty industry is focused on eliminating this cosmetic defect. The shops sell orange peel creams and scrubs and massagers for problem areas. Beauty salons lure clients with anti-cellulite body wraps and massages. Plastic surgery clinics are also on the watch for beauty, for an impressive amount you can do liposuction there.This is the removal of adipose tissue by a surgical method.
Until the mid-70s, it never occurred to anyone to “treat” bumps on a woman’s hips. The “cellulite revolution” was made by a woman named Nicole Ronsard, the owner of a major beauty salon in the United States. She published an article in which she called this defect a “disease.” The wave was picked up by cosmetic companies that set about developing remedies for this ailment.
There are four stages of cellulite. If in the first stage, small irregularities are visible only with strong pressure on the skin, in the fourth stage, hanging bumps on the hips and buttocks are noticeable even from a distance of several meters.The second and third are intermediate stages. Skin imperfections are visible but not terrifying.
Oddly enough, cellulite is still considered a poorly understood phenomenon. There is no consensus in the medical community about its nature. It is known that skin irregularities appear due to stagnation in adipose tissue. But why they form is a good question.
Some doctors consider cellulite a disease that needs to be treated, others are sure: this is a harmless feature of the female body.Both of them agree: it is still possible to eliminate the “orange peel”. The fight against cellulite should go on all fronts, from nutrition to the correction of hormonal levels.
Jan Woitas / ZB / Global Look Press
Vadim Krylov, endocrinologist, nutritionist, founder of the Step-by-Step Instructions for Proper Nutrition, defines cellulite as inflammation of adipose tissue. For the body, this is a pathological process that must be eliminated.
Cellulite can appear for several reasons, for example, due to the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria, insulin resistance, malnutrition, overweight, hereditary predisposition and even problems with the spine.But doctors have not yet established a clear relationship between these factors and its appearance.
“There are many theories why these factors contribute to the formation of cellulite, but none is 100% confirmed,” – explains Vadim Krylov.
Endocrinologist, nutritionist, nutritionist Alexey Kalinchev believes that cellulite is not always a pathology.
“It all depends on the degree of its severity. The initial stages can be attributed to the variant of the norm, taking into account their prevalence and the absence of health hazards, “ – the expert noted.
Severe cellulite, according to the doctor, must be treated. But this is not easy to do. The insidious lack of correction is difficult. Especially with many aggravating factors: obesity, hereditary predisposition and hormonal disorders.
“It will be like scooping water out of a boat with a hole in the bottom. At the same time, one must understand that the cessation of the struggle will inevitably lead to the flooding of the boat. Therefore, of course, it is necessary to fight, but the result is obvious: there will be no perfect skin, there will be temporary improvements ”, – said Alexey Kalinchev.
According to sexologist, massage therapist Valentin Denisov-Melnikov, cellulite in women is not a disease, but a “cosmetic” flaw.
Jan Woitas / ZB / Global Look Press
“Ways to combat cellulite are a healthy diet (avoiding sugar and white bread), a healthy lifestyle, massage, normalization of hormonal levels,” – he said.
With regard to liposuction, doctors advise to think carefully before going under the knife. “Orange peel” can return a couple of months after the operation, if the woman has not joined a healthy lifestyle.
“Personally, I am in favor of local liposuction to remove subcutaneous fat in places from which it practically never leaves, for example, from the sides. A woman cannot remove fat deposits from there by any sport or diet. But it is advisable to do this only with an ideal figure and stable weight “, – said Alexey Kalinchev.
News.ru asked male readers how they feel about cellulite on the thighs of women.
“I notice cellulite if it’s serious.But if it is not very pronounced, then it doesn’t matter. Cellulite is difficult to get rid of in principle. These are very dense fat cells that are very difficult to break down, ” – said Maxim, a resident of Moscow.
“I don’t like cellulite. A smooth surface always looks better than a rough one. The analogy is like the polished side of a supercar against the rotten fenders of a penny. But I know that it is impossible to get rid of it ”, – said Nikolay, a resident of Balashikha.
But Eugene from Novosibirsk is more categorical.
“If there are small signs, it is not repulsive. And if it is a body swollen with fat, then it repels. I believe that this is a sign of an unhealthy person. You can get rid of it if you wish. The main thing is to find the cause of cellulite, eliminate it, and then the cellulite itself ”, – he said.
Alexey Kalinchev adds: cellulite is not common, but occurs in men, and even in children. The reasons are heredity, tissue hypoxia, obesity, physical inactivity, blood supply disorders, hormonal disorders.
Men, when assessing a woman’s appearance, react to a holistic image. Cellulite is not on the list of serious flaws. It is unlikely that he can alienate a man who is in love and is serious. Orange peel usually repels three types of men. The first is the so-called daffodils.He only needs a woman as a decoration. She must be perfect. The second type is a manipulator. Cellulite itself may not be important to him, it is important for him to find a weak point in a woman, so that he can then use this information for his own purposes. Both types are not suitable for long-term relationships. The third type is people of art (usually photographers or artists). They are aesthetes and do not accept imperfection. But usually, if they fall deeply in love, they accept women’s flaws.
consultant psychologist, leader of psychotherapy groups
90,000 Cellulite – treatment, causes, symptoms, signs, how to get rid of cellulite
What is cellulite?
Experts prefer not to use the term “cellulite”, but call this phenomenon “lipodystrophy” or “liposclerosis”.There is no consensus in the medical community regarding cellulite; many doctors do not consider cellulite to be a disease at all.
It is interesting that for the first time cellulite was named a defect in appearance not so long ago, only in 1973, when an article by the owner of a beauty salon Nicole Ronsard appeared on the pages of Vogue magazine “Cellulite: these lumps, bumps and bumps that you could not get rid of before.” … Until then, cellulite was considered normal for women.
Signs of cellulite
Cellulite usually develops in girls between the ages of 20 and 25, often during or after pregnancy.To find out if you have cellulite, you can carry out a simple test: squeeze the skin of your thigh with both hands, if the characteristic appearance of “orange peel” appears, then this is the first sign of cellulite. If, without even squeezing the skin, you see irregularities, dimples and bumps on your thighs or buttocks, then you, like most women, are the owner of cellulite.
Stages of cellulite
Cosmetologists distinguish 4 stages of cellulite
1st stage – pre-cellulite.
It all starts with a slowdown in the blood flow in the capillaries, an increase in the permeability of their walls, a violation of the venous outflow and circulation of fluid in the lymphatic system.There are no visible signs at this stage. The only hint of early cellulite can be considered the appearance of bruises from minor bumps, a slight swelling of the tissues.
2nd stage – initial.
Puffiness gradually appears, toxins accumulate, little oxygen is supplied. Changes are visible only when the skin is folded or with muscle tension in the form of the “orange peel” effect. There is some pallor, a decrease in the elasticity of the skin in the affected areas.
3rd stage – micronodular.
Fat cells are soldered into clusters, elastic septa of fatty tissue become rough, similar to scars. Puffiness and microcirculation disorder are progressing. Outwardly, there is a clear “orange peel” effect without special tests, standing and lying down. The skin may have a finely knotted appearance. Small and medium nodules can be felt. There may be a noticeable swelling of tissues, capillary stars, soreness with deep pressure.
4th stage – macronodular.
In the tissues, lymph congestion, edema, and venous outflow are impaired. Lack of oxygen contributes to even more scarring and swelling. External signs at the 4th stage: the nodes are obvious, large, painful, adhered to the skin. Large nodules can be easily felt by hand, there are cavities and areas of hardening. Severe tissue edema, pain on palpation of the affected area, there is a local change in tissue temperature.
Fortunately, stage 4 is quite rare.The most common are the 2nd and 3rd. The 4th stage requires medical attention, for the 2nd and 3rd stages, your own efforts are enough.
Many doctors do not consider cellulite as a disease at all, but consider it an indispensable characteristic of the subcutaneous fat layer of an adult woman.
However, in some women, cellulite appears in a very mild form, while in others it is more pronounced. Why does it depend?
In addition to genetic predisposition, risk factors are: violations of peripheral blood supply, various hormonal disorders or simply changes in hormonal levels (for example, puberty or pregnancy), eating disorders, a sedentary lifestyle, as well as smoking, stress and frequent weight changes.At the same time, being overweight is not a necessary factor, thin people can also notice flabby skin and orange peel.
Generally speaking, mild manifestations of cellulite are the norm for an adult woman, and moreover, their absence is a possible sign of hormonal disorders. At the same time, if the cellulite is too pronounced, then there may be a disease of the subcutaneous fatty tissue, or even the whole body (hormonal problems).
Assess your condition
The most important thing is to assess the condition of your skin sensibly.The initial and second stages are, as has been said, the norm and should not be a cause for concern. Don’t fall victim to advertising, don’t waste your nerves and money. Just try to live a healthy lifestyle, move more and don’t think about cellulite.
Expressed cellulite of the third and even more so the fourth stage is not only ugly from the point of view of modern fashion, but can also be an indicator of disorders in the work of the hormonal system. Be sure to go in for sports, revise your diet, and carry out grooming procedures at home.
At the fourth stage, you should at least undergo an examination by a dermatologist, as well as an endocrinologist regarding the level of sex hormones, the work of the thyroid and pancreas.
What you can do
Of course, most women, despite the fact that medicine does not consider cellulite a serious problem, make great efforts to get rid of it. This is not surprising in modern society everything is decided by fashion, glossy magazines, television programs, images of stars and so on.Every woman wants to be perfect and conquer nature, age, weight and cellulite … Cosmetology is developing rapidly and offers a huge number of tools to combat the hated pits and bumps. Let’s see which of these promises is true and which is myth.
Let’s say from the very beginning – it is impossible to completely and permanently get rid of cellulite. All efforts and efforts can be applied only to make it less noticeable. Moreover, to achieve a visible result, an integrated approach is required.
- Get rid of excess weight
- improve blood circulation
- activate metabolism
- Strengthen muscles and connective tissue
- improve skin tone
This can be achieved through a balanced diet, exercise, rejection of bad habits and all sorts of procedures to improve skin tone and blood circulation.
The most important thing is to rebuild your lifestyle, exclude refined foods, fast food, purchased sweets, fatty and smoked foods, quit smoking, be sure to engage in some kind of physical activity.You can recommend walking, running, swimming, skiing, tennis, aerobics, exercise equipment, yoga, Pilates. At home, brisk walking and running stairs, a simple jump rope and gymnastic exercises for the muscles of the legs and buttocks will also be effective! If you suffer from excess weight, you should get rid of it, but always gradually, otherwise the skin will become even more flabby and inelastic.
At home, you should use a hard washcloth or mitten during a bath and shower, rubbing problem areas, after water procedures, it is imperative to massage, kneading, pinching and tapping the skin with your fingers or massagers with fingers, it is possible with essential oils (citrus oils are especially good, lemon, orange , grapefruit, bergamot), then apply a special cream.It is good to use anti-cellulite scrubs, purchased or homemade, for example, ground coffee, honey and lemon juice. Coffee and honey are the most effective home remedies for cellulite. It is also recommended to visit the sauna, carry out honey massage (the skin smeared with honey is patted with the palms, because of the honey the skin sticks slightly to the hands, thanks to this, blood circulation is effectively improved), as well as cupping massage, wraps made of clay, oils or honey.
Do not expect miracles only from widely advertised creams and serums, they only improve skin tone, temporarily tighten it and thus hide the appearance of cellulite.When you stop using them, the external effect will quickly disappear. But there is no point in giving them up, these funds often give, albeit limited, but quick results, they will not give you despair and can even inspire you for further transformation.
Only an integrated approach is effective to achieve sustainable results. But if you change your lifestyle and follow all the recommendations, within a month you will definitely notice the result. And in a few months you will already be able to flaunt in a short skirt and shorts!
What a specialist can do
Cosmetologists offer a wide range of anti-cellulite treatments from massage and body wraps to treatment with essential oils and algae, from peels to mesotherapy and hardware techniques.
Of course, professional anti-cellulite massage is a very effective remedy that will really noticeably improve the condition of the skin. With a change in lifestyle, the results of the massage will be long-lasting and lasting. If you have severe cellulite, perhaps starting with a massage from a trusted therapist is a good start and boost to your lifestyle. However, it is worth remembering that after a while after the course of massage, if you do not continue to care for your skin at home, follow a diet and exercise, cellulite, alas! will return to the same volume.
As for other cosmetic procedures, hydromassages, SPA, thalassotherapy, etc., they are, of course, very pleasant and immediately after the procedure the skin looks elastic and renewed, but they are often very expensive, and their effect, unfortunately, is not uncommon. Of course, if you can afford to conduct courses of such procedures on a regular basis, then this is a wonderful and pleasant way to always look good. If such costs are prohibitive for you, then you may well achieve excellent results at home, but this will require discipline, patience and effort from you.
Such radical methods as mesotherapy and apparatus methods (vacuum apparatus massage, myostimulation, electrolipolysis and others) should be treated very carefully. They should be used only for very serious manifestations of cellulite and only after consulting a doctor, as there may be contraindications. In addition, you can only entrust your body for such procedures to qualified specialists. These methods can be very effective and will help get rid of even pathological and severe forms of cellulite, but if the procedure is performed incorrectly, complications and health problems are possible.
If you are a young girl and you do not have cellulite yet, but you are afraid that it will appear, there are some simple recommendations:
- Do not allow a sudden change in body weight
- If you do a lot of sports, do not quit abruptly. Reduce the load gradually if necessary.
- Monitor the health of your hormonal system
- Eat right (avoid fast food first, cut back on sweets)
- Do not smoke
- Do sports with a load on the muscles of the thighs at least 1-2 times a week
- In the bathroom, use a hard washcloth and body scrubs, sometimes do preventive massage of the thighs and buttocks
- Go to the sauna, after the sauna also do a massage.
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Plaques on the skin – causes of appearance, under what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and methods of treatment
The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication. In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, only the attending physician should prescribe diagnostic tests. For a diagnosis and correct treatment prescription, you should contact your doctor.
Plaques on the skin: causes of appearance, in what diseases occur, diagnostics and methods of treatment.
A plaque is a pathological element with clear edges that rises above the surface of the skin or merges with it, more than 5 mm in size.
In dermatology, many types of plaques are distinguished – about 70 diseases occur with the formation of these elements, which makes plaque one of the most common rashes.
The plaques are round, oval and irregular in shape. The shape, surface and appearance of this element may change over time.
Due to the occurrence of plaques, it can be both a manifestation of skin diseases and a symptom of diseases of internal organs and systems (autoimmune reactions, liver diseases, oncological processes, allergic reactions).
Plaques are dry, smooth, red, brown, gray-white, etc.
Possible causes of the appearance of plaques
Dry plaques on the skin in adults can be a manifestation of the following diseases:
- Fungal skin lesions, accompanied by plaques with severe itching.
- Allergic reactions are characterized by the appearance on the skin of smooth dry plaques, pink spots, blisters, which are very itchy and cause severe discomfort. They can develop both when the skin comes into contact with an allergen, and when it gets on mucous membranes (for example, with urticaria, hay fever, food and contact allergies).
- Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious skin disease in which scaly dry plaques form on the elbows, knees, scalp, prone to fusion and accompanied by mild itching.
- Dry plaques form on the skin if it is exposed to stress for a long time with the loss of its protective functions.
- Diseases of the digestive tract, accompanied by malabsorption syndrome (impaired absorption of vitamins and trace elements in the small intestine), chronic diseases of the liver and other organs, in which substances that are not normally present in the dermis accumulate in the dermis, also lead to the appearance of dry plaques.
- Solar keratoma is a precancerous condition characterized by the presence of many light grayish plaques on the skin.
The appearance on the skin of red plaques indicates their good blood supply. Possible reasons for this condition may be the following nosologies:
- Drug toxidermia is an allergic reaction accompanied by the appearance of elements in the form of plaques on the skin. In severe cases, Lyell’s or Stevens-Johnson’s syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, may develop.
- Duhring’s dermatitis (herpetiformis) is a chronic skin disease without an established etiology, which is characterized by a recurrent appearance on the skin of a rash of various morphologies, accompanied by severe itching and burning.
- Fungal mycosis – primary T-cell lymphoma of the skin, malignant lymphoid lesion, primarily of the skin. Itchy, red, eczema-like plaques appear on the skin. In the initial stages, they respond well to treatment with hormonal ointments, but the disease itself requires more complex therapy.
- In children, the appearance of red spots and plaques on the skin is most often associated with an allergic reaction to food.
Brown plaques occur when melanin is deposited in the affected area of the dermis, which causes a brown (dark) color. Possible causes include the following diseases:
- Becker’s nevus is an abnormality in the development of the dermis, when dark plaques with an uneven surface appear on the skin, on which hair can begin to grow over time.
- Pigmented nevus – “birthmark”, can rise above the skin, has a brown or dark color.
- Melanoma is the most malignant skin tumor characterized by rapid metastasis. It develops mainly from nevi and moles. When the nature of the surface, the boundaries of the mole changes, its size increases, bleeding occurs, you must immediately contact a dermatologist or oncologist to exclude the development of melanoma.
- Basal cell skin cancer is more often localized on the head, face, neck, does not metastasize, and is characterized by slow growth.
- Senile keratoma occurs in elderly people, develops, most likely due to a lack of vitamins, an abundance of animal fats consumed, sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet light due to a violation of its protective functions. Typical localization – face, neck, open areas of the body.
- Seborrheic keratoma is a yellowish plaque on the skin that eventually develops into a dark brown growth that tends to flake, itch, crack, bleed, and can act as a gateway to infection.
Which doctors should I contact
If plaques form on the skin, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist to determine the causes of the appearance of this element of the rash.
Diagnostics and examinations with the appearance of plaques
To diagnose fungal skin lesions, scraping from the affected area is used for subsequent microscopic examination.
The development of an allergic reaction requires seeking medical help to identify the allergen, prescribe antihistamines, and sometimes hormonal drugs.In allergy clinical cases, along with skin tests, tests are carried out using various sets of common allergens and triggers: a panel for respiratory allergens, food allergens, and their combination.
description, symptoms, causes and treatment
Cellulite is an aesthetic problem that manifests itself in the form of lumpy skin on the legs, buttocks and abdomen. Does not pose a threat to health, occurs mainly in women.
Cellulite looks like dimples on the skin – uneven bumpy skin.It is sometimes compared to the texture of cottage cheese or orange peel.
In the initial stages, cellulite does not manifest itself in any way, you will see it if you squeeze the skin in the area where cellulite is most common, for example, on the thighs. In more pronounced stages of cellulite, the skin looks uneven with retraction and elevation zones in a relaxed state of the skin.
Cellulite is most commonly found on the thighs and buttocks, but it can also be found on the chest, lower abdomen and forearms.
Stages of cellulite
- Stage 0 – the surface of the skin is not changed.
- Stage 1 – The surface of the skin appears smooth when a person is standing or lying, however, when the skin is mechanically squeezed, irregularities are noted on the surface.
- Stage 2 – Depressions are noted on the surface of the skin without any squeezing or other manipulation.
- Stage 3 – In some areas, both depressions and unevenness of the skin surface are observed.
Why does cellulite appear?
Little is known about the causes of cellulite today.
The basic premise is the anatomy of the structure of the subcutaneous fatty tissue in women. Connective tissue bridges are anatomical norm and form cords, which are attached to the skin at one end and to the aponeurosis and muscles at the other; fat cells are located between the cords, as if in cells. Where did the name cellulite come from (from the Latin cellula – cell, cell).As fat cells grow, they cause uneven bulging of skin areas, while bridges of connective tissue cause skin indentations. This creates an uneven surface.
Why does cellulite appear. Anatomy.
Hormonal factors play an important role in the development of cellulite, and genetics determines the structure of the skin, the texture of the skin and the anatomy of the body. Other factors, such as weight and muscle tone, affect the severity of cellulite, although very thin people can have it.
Cellulite is much more common in women 95-98% than in men. Most women develop cellulite after puberty. This is due to the fact that female fat is usually distributed in the thighs, thighs and buttocks – the most common areas of cellulite localization. Cellulite is also more common with aging, when the skin loses its elasticity.
Until recently, cellulite was considered a sign of femininity. Only in the second half of the 20th century, with the advent of new canons of beauty, war was declared against cellulite.
Weight gain can make cellulite more visible, but some thin people also have cellulite. There is a genetic predisposition, so genetics can play a big role in the development of cellulite. An inactive lifestyle can also increase your chances of cellulite, just like pregnancy.
How to get rid of cellulite
Since cellulite is not a disease, the term treatment is conditional and is more aimed at eliminating a cosmetic defect, therefore it would be more correct to use the term cellulite correction.Means for cellulite correction can be divided into 4 main groups:
- Dietary supplements for cellulite correction act mainly by removing fluid from the body, normalizing hormonal levels and reducing body weight.
- Creams for cellulite, cosmetic wraps work by improving microcirculation and improving metabolic processes in the skin.
- Injection procedures – mesotherapy, lipolytics. The action is aimed at improving tissue metabolism and the volume of adipose tissue (lipolytics).
- Physiotherapy is aimed at several links of pathogenesis: improving the outflow of lymph from the lobules of adipose tissue, increasing the elasticity of septa, reducing the volume of adipose tissue.
- Surgical treatment is a type of laser lipolysis. During the procedure, the laser destroys the septa (septa) that form retractions of the skin, which leads to a quick and long-lasting effect.
At Venus Clinic we use ultrasonic cavitation combined with deep RF lifting to correct cellulite.
Read in detail – How to get rid of cellulite.
Diagnostics and treatment of skin neoplasms
Diagnostics and treatment of skin neoplasms
Benign skin neoplasms are quiet neighbors or insidious killers.
Nevi, they are also the so-called birthmarks, are benign pigmented localized skin neoplasms. Contrary to their unofficial name, nevi can be either congenital or acquired during life due to constant exposure to the sun’s rays, and, with age, their number increases, reaching a maximum in adolescence, and then decreases again.Found in most of the population with white skin. Nevi are single and multiple.
There are two main groups of nevi – epithelial and pigmented.
- Epithelial nevi have different shapes and outlines, and their color is a variety of shades of brown. Their surface is soft, even, not protruding beyond the skin, but there are also nevi with dense hyperkeratotic growths, these are called warty.Usually they are 1.5-2 cm in size, have a leg and hyperkeratotic layers. In some cases, such skin changes are multiple and grow in the form of stripes on the body, such nevi are called linear. Sometimes hair grows on their surface.
- Pigmented nevi. They are accumulations of melanin-containing cells in different parts of the epidermis and dermis. Such nevi have the appearance of black or brown formations towering above the skin with a smooth or papillomatous surface. Sometimes they reach gigantic proportions.
Depending on their location in the skin, a border nevus is isolated, located in the lower part of the epidermis; intradermal – in the middle and lower parts of the dermis and mixed – in the dermis and epidermis.
There is a subspecies of epic nevus – melanocytic. As a result of exposure to various kinds of factors, it can degenerate into melanoma and become malignant.
There is also such a variety of nevi as lentigo – a smooth, oval, dark brown element, up to one centimeter in size.Lentigo develops only in childhood, adolescence and old age.
A nevus with a smooth, dense, flesh-colored papule is called involutional (fibrous nasal papule).
Congenital nevi are represented by a blue nevus and a giant congenital nevus.
The blue nevus is divided into simple, which is melanoma-prone, and cellular. A simple nevus is a black nodule measuring 5-6 mm and a smooth surface. The cellular nevus is larger, usually up to 3 cm, and is located on the back of the hands, feet, in the lumbosacral region and on the buttocks.
Giant congenital nevus gets its name for its largest size among nevi – it reaches more than 20 cm in diameter, can be symmetrical and is most often located on the scalp and back. Over time, it undergoes changes and becomes warty. It is potentially melanic.
For diagnosis, microscopic examination of a smear taken from the surface of the altered tissue is used. A more accurate and, naturally, more expensive method is to study the nevus under a fluorescent microscope using a dermatoscope.
The most common method of treating nevi is surgery – excision of the altered skin area. The location of the nevus, which is undesirable for the patient from a cosmetic point of view, the appearance of complaints of itching, discomfort, discoloration of the nevus or tumor growth are indications for removal.
If, for some reason, the operation cannot be performed, then they resort to radiation therapy.
Atheroma is a benign tumor that develops from the sebaceous glands.They are located mainly on the scalp, neck, coccyx and other places, appearing in adulthood and old age. It looks like a single, dense or elastic formation located above the skin. Atheroma is painless, but in case of abscess formation, all signs of inflammation appear. At its core, atheroma is an epithelial cyst filled with curdled sebaceous masses or fluid.
Atheroma is congenital and, in this case, a hereditary disease and is called true.False, in turn, is acquired due to obstruction of the sebaceous gland duct. It is one of the most common surgical diseases of the skin appendages.
Atheroma should be distinguished from other similar formations, which are often mistaken for atheroma. Most often this refers to a lipoma – a benign tumor of adipose tissue. Unlike atheroma, the lipoma is not characterized by abscess formation, it is less dense and less mobile, it is not located on the face and scalp.
The main treatment for atheroma is surgery. Excision of tissues with removal of the capsule is performed. In case of abscess formation, antibiotics should be used after removal of the cyst.
There is also laser and radio wave removal of atheroma. These methods are less traumatic and are most often used for small lesions.
Speaking of atheroma, you should consider the rest of the cysts, which are skin malformations.There are epidermal, horny and dermoid cysts.
Epidermal cysts arise from the epidermis of the hair follicle. They are represented by round or oval tumor-like formations up to 5 cm in diameter. They are dense and painless. They can be both single and multiple, localized on the head, neck, trunk. And more often such cysts are observed in adults than in children. Treatment of an epidermal cyst is surgical, its removal.
Horny cysts are spherical dense nodules the size of a pinhead.The contents of this cyst are dense horny masses. Such cysts can be congenital or form after mechanical trauma and inflammatory changes in the skin, in this case we are talking about secondary horny cysts. Localization of cysts mainly on the face, in the eyelids around the eyes.
Treatment of a horny cyst is to exfoliate with a needle.
Dermoid cyst is a tumor-like painless neoplasm, oval in shape about 4 cm in diameter, the color of the skin over the formation is not changed.It can be congenital or acquired during the first year of life. The cyst wall is represented by various elements: epidermis, sweat, sebaceous glands, hair follicles. And in the cavity of the cyst itself, lipids, hair, cartilage or bone tissue are found. The cyst is localized in the nasolabial fold, periorbital and temporal regions.
Treatment for such a cyst is surgical removal.
Seborrheic keratosis, or in the people “senile warts” – is a benign epithelial neoplasm of the skin.Most often appearing in old age, the tumor is a brown spot with a diameter of up to 1 cm, which subsequently rises and rises above the surface of the skin, acquiring a black or brown color. The neoplasm can grow on the stalk, and its surface becomes bumpy and uneven due to the fatty, cracking scales covering it. As a result, keratosis looks like a cauliflower. The patient may not present any complaints for a long time, if only for a cosmetic defect.The tumor is localized mainly in closed areas of the skin.
Many people associate the occurrence of keratosis with the influence of ultraviolet radiation, human papillomavirus, hereditary factors, but it is not possible to determine the exact etiology of the disease.
Hemangioma is a benign tumor that develops from blood vessels. Its appearance is represented by spots of various sizes and localization. There are four types of hemangiomas: capillary, arterial, cavernous and granulation.
Such formations are difficult to miss when examining a patient, and more often they themselves complain of hemangioma. Hemangiomas are not characterized by malignancy. Such tumors do not have pronounced symptoms and do not pose a threat to life by themselves. But there is a high risk of developing various complications, such as infection, limiting the functions of organs near which the formation appeared.
The capillary form of hemangiomas is bright red spots with clear boundaries, localized on the scalp, chest and back.They are congenital and most often, as the child grows up, they completely disappear. With the arterial form, the spots are located in different areas, even on the mucous membranes, and their sizes vary, there are giant hemangiomas up to half of the body. Cavernous hemangioma consists of large cavities filled with blood. Has the appearance of multiple colorless tumor-like formations. The lesions can be in any part of the body.
There are so-called stellate angiomas, or spider nevus.Outwardly, it is represented by a papule with vessels extending from it and a focus of hyperemia around. The stain turns pale with pressure. Granulation hemangioma most often enters at the site of a mechanical injury. Smooth red nodes are formed, located on the “leg”. These nodes are very tender and often injure and bleed, which subsequently leads to their erosion. Their usual localization is fingers and toes, lips.
Hemangiomas independently undergo involution for an indefinite period of time.The growth of a tumor, causing a cosmetic defect and inconvenience, make the patient come to a dermatovenerologist. Hemangiomas are subject to laser destruction or surgical removal. The essence of the laser destruction method is thermal coagulation of blood vessels and is by far the most progressive and simple method in comparison with surgical removal of the tumor.
Fibropapilloma is the most common benign skin neoplasm and is a developmental defect.It is a nodular polyp, oval in shape, sometimes on a pedicle, flesh or pale pink in color, up to 1 cm in size. Papilloma develops from well-vascularized fibrous connective tissue. The predominant localization is on the head and trunk, but most often they are in the area of skin folds – in the groin, armpits. Mechanical impact on papilloma can cause discomfort and pain, which becomes a reason for a visit to a doctor.
The methods of treatment of fibropapilloma are surgical, laser or radio wave.
In this article, we will talk about skin diseases that arise from stress factors.
Skin is the largest multifunctional organ that is connected with all other organs and systems of our body. The area of the skin is almost two square meters, it covers everything that we carry in ourselves, being our protection and barrier from external influences. The skin has many important functions for our body: it protects us from the effects of physical, mechanical and infectious agents, participates in the process of respiration, thermoregulation, performs endocrine, immune functions, takes part in metabolic and many other processes, and also performs a receptor function, being one from the most sensitive organs.
Thanks to sensitive receptors that cover the entire surface of the skin, it receives all kinds of data from the environment and transmits all information to the central nervous system. The skin is the first to feel cold, heat, pressure, pain and gives us signals in the form of a change in its state.
Stress factors play an important role in the development of skin diseases, which lead to the development of psychovegetative disorders. At the same time, chronic dermatoses with a frequently recurrent course, such as eczema, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, are themselves a pronounced psycho-traumatic factor and lead not only to a decrease in the quality of life of patients, but also to social maladjustment.The treatment of these dermatoses requires an integrated approach; in addition to the use of traditional dermatological drugs and treatment methods, it is necessary to correct stress and psychovegetative disorders.
Daily stress can also exacerbate ailments such as acne. Due to stress, the production of arenaline in the blood increases, the vessels of the skin narrow, which negatively affects the nutrition of one of the layers of the skin – the epidermis. Also, when the body is exposed to stress, the work of the sebaceous glands is disrupted, excellent conditions arise on the skin for the reproduction of microbes and the occurrence of inflammatory elements.
Stress, anxiety, depressive conditions reduce the immune functions of the skin, which in turn leads to a weakening of the protective properties of the skin, which can lead to the attachment and rapid multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms on the skin (piokkoks, pathogenic fungi).
Skin is our protection, a barrier between the outside world and internal organs, and hence the state of mind of a person. Let’s learn to love ourselves, listen to our body, pay attention to the signals that it gives us.After all, the skin is a mirror of our body, on which we can observe our fears, sorrows and joys.
90,000 How to get rid of cellulite on the legs and buttocks
Cellulite is bumps and pits on the body caused by changes in the structure of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Many people are interested in how to remove cellulite due to its unaesthetic appearance and uneven tanning.
However, the “orange peel” also speaks of an internal problem – metabolic disorders.Due to cellulite, blood circulation in the affected areas is disturbed, which causes the outflow of lymphatic fluid, as a result of which blood stagnation and degeneration of skin cells occurs.
So is it possible to remove cellulite? Can. Modern cosmetology offers effective and painless methods to quickly and effectively get rid of cellulite.
Causes of cellulite
“Orange peel” appears mainly in women, and not only overweight, but also slim.There is no unambiguous answer to the question “why does cellulite appear”, because this is a complex problem that depends on many factors.
The main reasons why cellulite can appear:
- improper nutrition;
- long stay in a sitting position;
- lack of physical activity;
- hormonal problems – pregnancy, abortion, puberty, menopause and others;
- disorders in the thyroid gland;
- hereditary factors;
- age-related skin changes that affect women over 30;
- negative impact of the environment – this can also include the poor quality of drinking water, polluted air, and junk food.
Cellulite treatment methods
Many women want to fix the problem, but do not know how to get rid of cellulite. There are 2 main ways to deal with the “orange peel”:
- Comprehensive improvement of the body and regular physical activity – the result will certainly appear, but after a certain time. The exact time depends on the initial state, stage of cellulite, the affected area, the complexion of the person.
- External influence through the use of cosmetic procedures – gives a quick result and a lasting effect.When combined with proper nutrition and exercise, the result will appear faster and last longer.
How to remove cellulite on the buttocks, thighs, legs, abdomen on your own
To get rid of cellulite on your own, you need to have willpower and patience, since the result will appear only after a while. The main methods for removing the “orange peel”:
- Healthy eating – stick to the correct diet all the time, not a week or a month, otherwise the effect will not be achieved.
- Adequate Water – Increased daily water intake will help moisturize the skin and flush out toxins. However, you cannot overdo it, otherwise the body will also wash out useful substances and trace elements that come with food. >
- Physical activity
– sports activities should be regular and constant.
- Using anti-cellulite creams and essential oils – it is better to consult a specialist about a specific product.
It is worth considering that these methods of getting rid of cellulite will be effective only if performed regularly. If you stop going to the gym or give yourself a break in proper nutrition, cellulite will return, and the effort will be in vain.
How to quickly remove cellulite using cosmetic procedures
Cosmetology procedures are an opportunity to get rid of cellulite in a short time. During the course of procedures, you can remove cellulite without pain and exhausting diets.
The main ways to quickly get rid of cellulite:
- Lymphatic drainage massage
– an effective method of influencing any problem area. It differs in the technique of execution, it can be superficial, deep, point effects, as well as acupuncture points. Lymphatic drainage massage will help eliminate swelling and remove excess fluid and metabolic products.
- Body wraps – a pleasant and effective procedure that not only helps to get rid of cellulite.It has a beneficial effect on the entire body: it allows you to eliminate tissue edema, improve capillary microcirculation, enrich the skin with vitamins and microelements. After a course of anti-cellulite wraps, the “orange peel” effect is eliminated, the skin tone is evened out, and its condition improves.
- Mesotherapy – high efficiency is achieved by introducing a special composition of vitamins, microelements, hyaluronic acid, amino acids and other useful components under the skin.Thanks to this, the local metabolism is activated, the structure of subcutaneous fatty tissues is improved, which contributes to the disappearance of the “orange peel”.
- LPG massage
– not only removes cellulite, but also burns fat deposits, making the body contours more graceful and beautiful. Thanks to the use of a special technology, capillary blood circulation in the skin is stimulated, lymphatic outflow improves, oxygen and nutrients enter the tissues, and lipid clusters are destroyed.As a result, the skin becomes smoother.
- Ozone therapy – ozone is injected under the skin, filling the tissues with oxygen and helping to smooth them.
- Pressotherapy – high pressure pneumocompression massage. It has proven its effectiveness not only in the fight against cellulite, but also in the fight against edema.
- Myostimulation – with the help of impulses it perfectly stimulates local blood flow and strengthens the muscle frame.
– using a high-tech device allows you to warm up the dermis and subcutaneous fat, stimulate the work of the circulatory and lymphatic systems.
The recovery period differs depending on the specific procedure, the specialist will inform about this at the reception. In general, no special recovery measures are required; you can return to your usual way of life in the near future.
Life without cellulite
After getting rid of the “orange peel”, patients notice an improvement in mood, uncertainty and shyness disappear, and a desire to please others appears.
Do not deny yourself the pleasure of being beautiful, solve the problem with cellulite quickly and effectively. Sign up for a consultation, where a specialist will select the best disposal method for you.
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