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Skyla and weight gain: Skyla Reviews & Ratings – Drugs.com

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Skyla IUD – Everything You Need To Know About This IUD Option

Skyla IUD is a hormone-releasing form of birth control that many women choose for its convenience.

Once placed in the uterus it slowly releases hormones to prevent pregnancy for up to three years.

Unlike oral contraceptives, IUD Skyla and Mirena brands don’t require women to take a daily pill.

IUDs are more than 99 per cent effective and are said to be the most reliable form of birth control.

In fact, they’re believed to be 20 times more effective than oral contraceptives.

“A major new study shows the failure rate of birth control pills and other short-term prescription contraceptives is much higher than previously thought, based on how women actually use them in real life,” reports WebMD.

Researcher Jeffrey Peipert, MD, of Washington University in St. Louis, tells WebMD that the main reason IUDs have a lower failure rate is because of the removal of the “oops” factor.

“These methods are forgettable,” Peipert says. “You don’t have to remember to take a pill, get a shot, or put in a ring. They remove human factor in terms of human error.”

What to expect when getting an IUD

An IUD, also known as an intrauterine device, is a small generally T-shaped birth control device that is inserted into the uterus.

Skyla IUD is flexible and made of plastic. It contains levonorgestrel, a female hormone that can cause changes in your cervical mucus and uterine lining, making it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.

IUD placement and timing of insertion is important. The device is usually inserted within a week of the start of a menstrual period.

In many cases, women feel pain or dizziness during IUD placement and experience minor bleeding after insertion.

If bleeding lasts longer than about 30 minutes after the insertion of a Skyla IUD, it’s best to see a doctor, as this is not normal.

Some women experience irregular periods in the first three to six months after insertion.

IUD pros and cons

Pros:

  • IUDs are said to be 99 per cent effective and work immediately
  • Skyla IUD lasts for three years
  • There is no pill to take daily. Simply get it and forget
  • In some women, IUDs reduce or even eliminate bleeding during periods and the associated PMS symptoms
  • It shouldn’t interfere with sex or using tampons
  • It can be removed at any time, but must be done by a doctor. Don’t try to remove yourself

Cons:

  • IUDs do not prevent against STDs or infections
  • Certain brands can cause breast tenderness and low libido in some women
  • It can also cause weight gain
  • Some women find their hormonal mood swings to be intense, though for some that side effect levels out after a few months or doesn’t arise at all
  • Some medical insurance plans don’t cover Skyla IUD, while others may only cover certain brands. Check with your insurance provider to see what coverage is offered

Importance of IUD placement

IUDs can become dislodged and thus, ineffective. After each period, users must make sure they can still feel the removal strings.

Verywell.com advises to wash your hands then either sit or squat, and put your index or middle finger into your vagina until you touch the cervix.

“It should feel firm and somewhat rubbery, like the tip of your nose,” according to Verywell.com. “Feel for the IUD string ends that should be coming through your cervix.”

If you cannot feel the strings the IUD placement may be wrong. The device may have slipped too low in the uterus, or even out of it.

A sudden increase in menstrual flow can indicate the device has slipped out of place. See your doctor if this happens and immediately use a non-hormonal form of birth control, such as a condom, until the issue is resolved with a doctor.

Common side effects of Skyla IUD

  • Like other hormonal forms of birth control, Skyla IUD can cause mood swings
  • Breast tenderness or pain is common when using a Skyla IUD
  • It has been known to cause vaginal itching or infection, irregular period and changes in bleeding
  • Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and bloating have been reported by Skyla IUD users
  • Other common side effects include headache, depression, weight gain, acne, puffiness in face, hands, ankles or feet, as well as loss of interest in sex

Rare but serious side effects of Skyla IUD

  • Tubal pregnancy is possible while on IUD. This is considered a medical emergency and symptoms include severe pain the lower stomach of side
  • It’s possible for Skyla IUD to become embedded in the wall of the uterus, or to form a hole in it
  • Other serious side effects include severe cramps, pain in the pelvic, pain during sex and extreme dizziness. See a doctor immediately if any of these side effects arise while using an IUD
  • Heavy or continuous bleeding is another serious concern that requires immediate medical attention, as is watery vaginal discharge, foul-smelling discharge, pale skin, weakness, easy bruising or bleeding, fever, chills or other signs of infection
  • Some IUDs can increase your risk of developing a serious pelvic infection, which may threaten your life or your future ability to have children
  • You should not use an IUD if you have history of certain conditions, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, liver disease or past or present breast cancer. Click here to read more about conditions that may be reason to avoid using an IUD

IUD removal

While IUD removal can be done any time, it should only be done by a doctor.

An article on LiveStrong.com indicates that during the removal process an IUD can break and leave behind fragments in the uterus.

If this happens, it increases the risk of infection and could even cause infertility.

It can also cause pain, cramping or bleeding.

Make an appointment with your doctor to have IUD removal done.

It’s also important to remember that Skyla IUD must be removed after three years. A new device can be inserted in its place, but don’t leave an IUD in the uterus for longer than three years.

Birth Control And Weight Gain: Does A Link Exist?

Although homework is usually best left for school, it’s key if you’re trying to decide on which contraception is best for you. When you’re mulling over your birth control options, there’s a lot to consider: hormones or no hormones? Are you on top of your sh*t enough to take something every day, or is a “set it and forget it” method like an IUD more up your alley? And, of course, there are the potential side effects, like mood shifts, irregular periods, and. ..weight gain?

You may have heard the rumor that hormonal birth control can affect the number on the scale. It’s a popular one, ob/gyns say. “I have a lot of patients who come in and say the Pill made them gain weight,” Idries Abdur-Rahman, M.D., a board-certified ob/gyn, tells SELF. But the truth is, it probably didn’t.

The confusion around birth control and weight gain is largely rooted in the first Pill’s effects.

“The short answer is that [hormonal birth control] usually doesn’t cause weight gain, but it can,” says Abdur-Rahman. “It’s kind of old wives’ tale, because when birth control pills first came out, there was a lot of trial and error with pharmaceutical companies,” he explains.

In 1960, the first birth control pill, Enovid, made its debut. “[It] had a lot more hormones in it than needed to prevent pregnancy,” says Planned Parenthood. “It contained 10,000 micrograms of progestin and 150 micrograms of estrogen. In comparison, today’s lower-dose pills are more likely to contain 50–150 micrograms of progestin and 20–50 micrograms of estrogen.

But those new lower-dose pills weren’t introduced until the 1980s, according to PBS. Before that, there was plenty of time for Enovid to make a name for itself. “Early critics of the Pill were right that a lot could be done to improve it. Among the millions of women using the Pill worldwide, there were disturbing reports of nausea, breast tenderness, water retention, and weight gain,” says Planned Parenthood.

But things are different now.

“The Pill gets a bad rap,” Alyssa Dweck, M.D., assistant clinical professor of obstetrics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and co-author of V is For Vagina, tells SELF. In reality, you shouldn’t experience significant weight gain on hormonal methods like the Pill and similar forms like NuvaRing, she says.

Also, although a 2015 report of published in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews found that “the evidence was not strong enough to be sure that these methods did not cause some weight change,” they still “found no major effect [from birth control] on weight.

Hormonal IUDs and the Nexplanon implant also shouldn’t cause actual weight gain.

IUD options like Mirena, Skyla, and Liletta release progestin, which can make your jeans feel a little tighter. “All of these can create a little bloating because progestin can make you you retain some water,” says Abdur-Rahman. (The same goes for the Pill and the implant.) But it shouldn’t be a huge amount—more like the type of bloating you would otherwise potentially experience during your period anyway.

The only major exception to this rule is the Depo-Provera shot.

Depo-Provera involves getting a shot of progestin every three months. “It’s a relatively high dose of the hormone” because it needs to protect you for a few months at a time, says Abdur-Rahman, who explains that the thinking is that Depo makes you hungrier, which can lead to weight gain.

A landmark 2009 study on the subject backs up the Depo-weight gain link. Published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the research found that “bodyweight and fat significantly increase with the use of [Depo-Provera].

Does a Mirena lead to Weight Gain?

There are pros and cons with everything you introduce into your body and Mirena is no exception. Skyla is a less potent device but works on same principles.

Designed for women as a uterine (womb) stabilizing device (with added benefit of being a contraception) they suit many as the “perfect solution”.

 

Mirena position in the uterus       The size of a mirena

I have been asked to look into the mirena and weight gain following many patients seeking my help for weight gain (and wondering if the mirena was the cause).

What I discovered in researching for this blog, is that many women, have “unexplained” symptoms and unwanted side effects such as weight gain following the insertion of the mirena but not many link the two together (nor their medical specialist).

My personal journey with IUDs and Mirenas

Before I continue I will share my experience with a mirena.

It is not to scare people, but merely to demonstrate, how even someone in the “know” can become confused about its subtleties.

In 2000 I have my first child. Uncomplicated and natural delivery everything went well. I went back to work early and breast fed and was studying and on it went. After a while, my periods returned when I was 10 months post-partum (after birth of my daughter).

As time went on, my periods became heavier and heavier and my cycle quite short (I was only getting 18 days between not bleeding and bleeding – so about a 25 day cycle).

I became more run down. I also needed contraception as I felt I had enough on my plate. I went and saw the doctor who suggested an IUD. Fabulous. I researched it, it seemed safe and it was put in. It was just before we left for an overseas sabbatical and it seemed like a really good solution to having heavy, irregular periods.

It became apparent about 2 months after having it in that it wouldn’t suit me.

I actually had heavier periods, had loads of pain and discomfort and suffered with low energy levels.

In Scotland, after two weeks of crippling pain, I decided to get it out. I didn’t think about it again and practiced the billings method (the natural withdrawal method) which I guess was successful for a year or two, then I fell pregnant again. (Not a bad thing, just not planned).

We had another beautiful girl but I was sure this time I didn’t want to fall pregnant again as life was busy and full on.  Once again I breast fed for ten months and my periods didn’t kick back for ten months.

Why a Mirena?

Off I went to see the gynaecologist to discuss contraception. He suggested a Mirena.

It made sense, a progesterone impregnated coil that worked locally (in the womb) to stop impregnation. Note the exact way it works is unknown and it doesn’t necessarily stop conception but will impede the embryo embedding. The progesterone it releases is slow-releasing and can last 5-6 years. Progesterone can stabilize the endometrial lining therefor many don’t have periods, or if they have heavy periods, they may lighten.

Statistically 50% of women have lighter periods, 25 % stop all together and 25% aren’t affected. Levonorgestrel is a progestin and of course, the real way it works is unknown.

Basically it is a synthetic progesterone but also has some testosterone properties. It may stop ovulation, stop implantation or stop the movement of sperm. IT is the active ingredient in the “morning after pill”.

The overall benefits of a Mirena are:

  • Contraception

  • To lighten heavy periods

NB: While it is used for heavy periods and often successful it doesn’t fix the causative imbalance that lead to heavy periods, it only Band-Aids the problem.

 What Causes Heavy Periods?

The causative issues for heavy periods can be (which a mirena doesn’t address):

  • Low system progesterone

  • High estrogen

  • Being run down (low base hormones)

  • Low iron

  • and some other causes such as polyps, fibroids etc

I wanted my Mirena to work. It made sense, I had two healthy children, had a stable partner and wanted a break from periods and falling pregnant. However it didn’t suit me.

At first it felt like someone had punched my internal parts (cervix). I was reassured this was “normal” and that it should settle down. I found though it didn’t and sex became very painful. I also spotted for the entire time it was in.

After six months of trying to persevere and spotting, I made the decision to have it removed.

I was never offered a reason why it didn’t suit my body but I suspect my body is one that doesn’t handle “foreign objects” kindly. I.e. my body rejected the Mirena.

Since then I have had another child (almost too easily, despite having PCOS) and made a decision not to go on the pill nor mirena.

For the last year I have consulted women in similar situations, with similar stories and many gaining weight after the insertion of their Mirena.

At first I was putting it down to burn out, babies, changing hormones. From my understanding progesterone should not make your body gain weight. HOWEVER it is becoming clear that in some women it does.

It was when my gynaecologist friends started telling my patients that they see women all the time gaining weight after insertion of the Mirena that I decided to delve deeper. And many gynaes are removing the Mirena as women identify it as the cause of their unexplained weight gain.

When I looked into the side effects of Mirena I was quite shocked. For something that is “sold” as a low risk, safe contraceptive option, it carries a BIG side effect profile.

Side effects of Mirena

This site itemizes the side effects very well. http://www.rxlist.com/mirena-drug/patient-images-side-effects.htm Interestingly there is a center set up to report side effects, possibly because it is so widely used, and also because there are many women experiencing side effects. The more serious side effects of a mirena are:

  • Perforated uterus (serious as it can lead to infection, bleeding and infertility)

  • Ectopic

  • Cysts on your ovaries

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

  • Strep B infection

The most common side effects of Mirena are:  missed periods (amenorrhea), bleeding and spotting between periods, heavier bleeding during the first few weeks after device insertion, abdominal/pelvic pain, ovarian cysts, back pain, headache/migraine, nervousness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, bloating, breast tenderness or pain, weight gain, changes in hair growth, acne, depression, changes in mood, loss of interest in sex, itching or skin rash, and puffiness in the face, hands, ankles, or feet. Sourced from this site.

Synthetic (man made ) progestin can cause stroke in women and I have seen young women with strokes debilitated in wheel chairs after taking progestin pills (weight, smoking, high blood pressure increase your risk).

Adverse Reactions of Mirena

The most common adverse reactions ( ≥ 10% users) are alterations of menstrual bleeding patterns [including unscheduled uterine bleeding (31.9%), decreased uterine bleeding (23.4%), increased scheduled uterine bleeding (11.9%), and female genital tract bleeding (3.5%)], abdominal/pelvic pain (22.6%), amenorrhea (18.4%), headache/migraine (16.3%), genital discharge (14.9%), and vulvovaginitis (10.5%). Adverse reactions reported in ≥ 5% of users are shown in Table 1. Ref Mirena Side Effect Centre http://www.rxlist.com/mirena-side-effects-drug-center.htm Please NOTE the following:

  • Acne affects 6.8%

  • Back pain:7.9%

  • Migraines/headaches:16.3%

Weight Gain and Mirena

WEIGHT GAIN IS 5% (the research sets this at a gain of 20 pounds or 9kg) Obviously there are many other women gaining 2-4 kgs that are not adding to the overall statistic of 5%. Maybe the number is more like 20% but who would know? Ref: http://healthresearchfunding. org/19-intense-mirena-weight-gain-statistics/

Interactions with Mirena

The Mirena is a pharmaceutical and medical device. It has drug interactions that you need to know about as these things often get missed in appointments. This is a “cut and paste” from here (I am not a medical doctor so ask your doctor, they should inform you of these things).

The Mirena may interact with other drugs, such as insulin (diabetics), steroids and blood thinners such as warfarin.

It has been shown that small levels of the hormones transfer into breast milk and are detectable in babies. I find this possible drug interaction list too high not to mention: Sorry Cut and paste from here: Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Levonorgestrel. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Antifungals (eg, ketoconazole), aprepitant, barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), bosentan, carbamazepine, felbamate, griseofulvin, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, indinavir), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), modafinil, nevirapine, oxcarbazepine, penicillins (eg, amoxicillin), rifampin, rufinamide, John’s wort, tetracyclines (eg, doxycycline), topiramate, or troglitazone because they may decrease Levonorgestrel’s effectiveness
  • Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because their actions and the risk of their side effects may be increased or decreased by Levonorgestrel
  • Beta-adrenergic blockers (eg, metoprolol), corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), selegiline, theophylline, or troleandomycin because their actions and the risk of their side effects may be increased by Levonorgestrel
  • Lamotrigine because its effectiveness is decreased, and when levonorgestrel is stopped, toxic effects, such as nausea, dizziness, and vision problems may occur
  • Valproic acid because its effectiveness may be decreased by Levonorgestrel.

My ten cent’s worth here is that St. John’s Wort is used by many as an over-the-counter safe herbal option for managing anxiety/depression and HSV2. It is widely used. I am sure not many would know that the Mirena and St. Johns may interact. The Mirena’s active drug is broken down by the CYP3A4 pathway in the liver.

You can google levonorgestrel for more information. I have quoted reliable medically supported sites. This is another https://nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a610021.html

Summary

Whilst the Mirena is in “vogue” at the moment doesn’t mean it is safer than pre and post drug trials. Please weigh it up and don’t get one inserted until researching yourself.

Do you want a synthetic hormone releasing hormones into your body?

Is there another way to either manage contraception, or heavy periods?

Maybe a “healthier” option is to find out why you have heavy periods? Do a saliva hormone test and hair test. I have put together a package here (for Aussie gals only sorry)! That measures hormone levels (estrogens, progesterone, testosterone and cortisol), a hair test and a consultation with me to discuss the results.

It is a game changer for hundreds of women.

>>> Click here <<< to find out more.

One client recently was offered a mirena to reduce her fibroid (while this may assist so will managing her hormones naturally).  She opted to measure her hormones and balance them and the issue started to resolve… naturally and without a mirena (and all the side effects).

I have put this blog together to inform you and encourage you to do your own research before insertion and if things change in your body after insertion that you raise it with your doctor.

Worst case scenario you get it removed. And remember this device does NOT change your systemic hormones.

If you really want to nip the bleeding issue in the bud, I suggest doing a hormone saliva test + hair test (with a consult) which is available from my shop. Discuss with your doctor, discuss with your naturopath and decide a strategy for you. There are many law suits underway in the USA and other places regarding the side effects and adverse reactions of Mirenas.

References:

FDA page about the Mirena
http://www.rxlist.com/mirena-side-effects-drug-center.htm
http://www.rxlist.com/mirena-drug/patient-images-side-effects.htm
http://healthresearchfunding.org/19-intense-mirena-weight-gain-statistics/
https://nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a610021.html
http://www.mirena-us.com/index.php
https://www.drugwatch.com/mirena/
http://www.mirena.com/
To order your kit click here. https://sambeaupatrick.com/shop/hormone-test-kit/

Do the Benefits of an IUD Outweigh the Potential Side Effects? – Cleveland Clinic

Whether you’re contemplating using an intrauterine device (IUD) as birth control or to curb the effects of a gynecological issue, you might wonder if the pros outweigh all the cons you’ve probably heard about. Here’s what you need to know about IUDs, according to Ob/Gyn Ashley Brant, DO, MPH.

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There are 2 FDA-approved types

  • Hormonal IUDs (Mirena, Kyleena, Skyla and Liletta) release low levels of the hormone progestin.
  • Non-hormonal IUDs (Paragard) contain copper and transform the uterus into a hostile environment for sperm.

Both types work mainly by preventing egg fertilization, but keep in mind that IUDs don’t protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Misconceptions abound

Despite the fact that modern versions are quite safe, IUDs still tend to get a bad rap. Dr. Brant often hears concerns from patients about migration, when the IUD moves through the uterine wall into the abdominal area. “Even though it seems like almost everybody knows somebody to whom that’s happened, it’s actually a pretty rare complication,” she says. Migration can happen if the uterus is torn, usually by an instrument during IUD insertion; however, these uterine perforations only occur in 0.01% of cases.

Other serious complications from IUDs are rare too. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) occurs in just 1% of women within the first 20 days after insertion and in 0.5% in the first three to six months.

Then there are the uncommon side effects women report from the hormonal IUD like weight gain, hair loss, mood changes and acne. As of now, there isn’t enough research to support or refute a definitive link between the two, Dr. Brant says. In fact, the low level of progestin released — one-fifth of the amount found in combination birth control pills — is tolerated well by the majority of women.

The many benefits of IUDs

  • They’re long-acting. Depending on the type, IUDs are FDA-approved to last anywhere from three to 10 years.
  • They’re more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy, a figure similar to permanent sterilization.
  • You can have an IUD taken out any time and your fertility returns immediately.
  • Hormonal IUD use often leads to lighter, shorter, less painful periods, which is why they’re prescribed for women who have heavy, painful periods. Up to half of women even stop having their periods altogether after three years on Mirena, though this percentage is lower with other hormonal IUDs, says Dr. Brant.
  • There’s minimal effort required, an added bonus if you’re forgetful about birth control. You just have to make that initial appointment to get it inserted.
  • They can be used in any age population, from teens to menopausal women.
  • Research shows that hormonal IUDs may reduce your risk of developing endometrial cancer.
  • They can be inserted right after you give birth, though this does increase the risk of expulsion.
  • The copper IUD can be safely used for emergency contraception up to five days after unprotected sex or birth control failure.

But there are potential cons too

  • The insertion procedure can be mildly to moderately painful. “I recommend that people take ibuprofen beforehand,” says Dr. Brant. “It doesn’t actually help with the pain during the insertion, but it does help with the cramping afterward.”
  • With either type, during the first few months, you may experience irregular bleeding and/or cramping. You can continue to take 600 to 800 mg of ibuprofen every six to eight hours for this as well, Dr. Brant says. (NOTE: If the pain persists or gets worse and ibuprofen isn’t cutting it, and/or you’re soaking through a pad or more an hour, you’ll need to see your doctor right away.
  • Irregular bleeding and/or cramping that hasn’t gone away after three months may result in your doctor putting you on ibuprofen for one to three months to alleviate pain and decrease bleeding or temporarily prescribing birth control pills to help regulate your cycle.
  • If you do get pregnant with an IUD (the chances are 0. 2% to 0.8% in the first year and less after that), your risk of ectopic pregnancy is higher.
  • You’ll need to see your doctor for another procedure to get the IUD taken out.
  • An IUD isn’t recommended if you have an abnormally shaped uterus since placing it is more difficult and increases the risk of perforation.

Factors to help you decide

Dr. Brant asks her patients these 3 questions to help them come to a decision that’s right for them:

  1. What’s your time frame for wanting to get pregnant? “If you’re thinking you want to be pregnant in the next year, maybe you don’t need something that’s going to be so long-acting,” she says.
  2. What’s important to you? Do you want a method of birth control that you don’t have to think about? Would you rather use something that you have more immediate control over?
  3. What are your periods like now? If you have heavy, painful periods, you may not want to choose the copper/non-hormonal IUD because it tends to cause longer and/or heavier periods, says Dr. Brant.

The 3-step insertion process

Placing an IUD usually takes less than five minutes. To begin the insertion process, the doctor or nurse will likely feel your uterus to see which way it might be tipping. A speculum is placed, just like you’d have for a Pap smear, and the cervix is washed off with soap.

You can expect to experience cramping three times, but only for a few seconds each time, says Dr. Brant.

  1. Usually, the cervix is grasped. To do this, your doctor uses an instrument that can feel quite pinchy. This pinching feeling usually only lasts 10 seconds or so. If you count backwards from 10, you’ll be feeling better by the time you get to zero.
  2. The inside of the uterus is measured. This feels like a stick is going up in an unfamiliar place, but it only takes a second or two. That’s what the IUD going in will feel like, too.
  3. The arms of the IUD are placed or drawn into the applicator straw. This is the same concept as a tampon applicator — and the whole thing is inserted into the uterus, right up to the top.
    Just when you think, “that’s far enough!” the arms will deploy and the straw will be removed. Your uterus may cramp in response to this new intruder, but that usually dies down in a few minutes. Lastly, the string of the IUD is trimmed and the speculum removed.

Why Lawyers Are Talking About the Paragard IUD

The Paragard IUD has been around since the 1980s, but the copper birth control device has been back in the news this year because of lawsuits that claim the device can break and imbed in other organs.  

Nebraska woman Stephanie Ideus was one of the people who filed a suit against Teva Pharmaceuticals, one of the manufacturers of the device, in 2016. During her Paragard IUD removal, the device broke and imbedded in her uterus, and she required surgery to have it removed, according to her complaint.   

Paragard isn’t the first IUD to make headlines for lawsuits. Thousands of women filed lawsuits against Bayer claiming the Mirena IUD migrated from the uterus and perforated organs. These women required surgery to treat complications. The drug company ended up paying $12.2 million to settle 4,600 claims. 

Paragard is one of five different intrauterine devices available in the United States and is the only non-hormonal option. Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta and Skyla are IUDs that work by using the hormone levonorgestrel. 

“Some people prefer the copper IUD as it is non-hormonal, yet very effective at preventing pregnancy and can even be used as a form of emergency contraception if inserted within five days of having unprotected sex,” Courtney Benedict, associate director of Medical Standards Implementation at Planned Parenthood Federation of America, told Drugwatch. “Paragard is considered the most effective form of emergency contraception because it reduces the risk of pregnancy by 99 percent up to five days after having unprotected sex, and can remain inserted for up to 12 years.”

Most common side effects of the IUD are mild, and it’s the only IUD that has been approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for over 30 years. 

It’s also relatively easy to insert, and it takes only a few minutes in a health care provider’s office. The health care provider uses a thin plastic tube to insert the IUD into the uterus, leaving two threads for removal inside the vagina. Since there’s no surgery involved, patients can go home right after.

Suffering after a Paragard IUD broke during surgical removal?

Women Say Manufacturer Failed to Warn About Breakage

Ideus and other women who filed lawsuits against Teva claimed the side effect they weren’t properly warned about was device breakage. They also say the company misrepresented the device as safe and effective even if the device was actually defective.  

The current prescribing information provided by Cooper Surgical lists “device breakage” under the postmarketing adverse events section but doesn’t say how often it occurs. It does warn that “breakage of an embedded Paragard during non-surgical removal has been reported.” 

Under the instructions for healthcare providers on how to remove the Paragard, it reads: “The threads can retract into the uterus or break, or Paragard can break, perforate the uterus, or be expelled.”

In addition, it cautions healthcare providers that, “Breakage or embedment of Paragard in the myometrium can make removal difficult. Analgesia, paracervical anesthesia, cervical dilation, alligator forceps or other grasping instrument, or hysteroscopy may assist in removing an embedded Paragard.”

There have been a few reports of device breakage in studies. Carlos M. Fernandez and colleagues did one such review in 2015. They concluded, “Though the safe and effective use of IUD contraception has been demonstrated in the United States, the possibility of its breakage should be recognized by clinicians.

In February 2019, the court granted Teva’s Motion for Summary Judgment in Ideus’ case. In a summary judgment, one party argues that there are no important facts to dispute and this dismisses the case. The judge agreed with Teva. Ideus filed an appeal immediately following the ruling. 

This ruling hasn’t stopped attorneys from taking cases from women who say Paragard injured them. 

Paragard Side Effects

Most studies done on IUDs including Paragard have shown the devices to be safe and effective, but they aren’t completely without side effects.

“Because the copper IUD is hormone-free, there aren’t many side-effects except that some people may experience longer or heavier periods, particularly in the first few months of getting it inserted,” Benedict said.

Another benefit is that because Paragard doesn’t contain hormones, it doesn’t contribute to weight gain or mood swings — two side effects that can occur with hormonal birth control.

The current prescribing information provided by Cooper Surgical lists the following Paragard side effects:

  • Anemia
  • Backache
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Dyspareunia
  • Complete or partial expulsion
  • Prolonged menstrual flow
  • Menstrual spotting
  • Pain and cramping
  • Vaginitis

Women may have some dizziness, nausea or cramping and pinching for a few minutes after the device is inserted.  

Some of the more serious, rarer side effects listed include ectopic pregnancy, sepsis, pelvic inflammatory disease, embedment, perforation of the uterine wall or cervix during insertion, expulsion of the device and menstrual cycle pattern changes. 

Evidence from available medical literature does not suggest the IUD can cause copper toxicity. Few studies address this issue in connection with Paragard. The study most often referenced is a 1980 study by Dr. Krishnamurthy Prema and colleagues that found no evidence of increased levels of copper in the bodies of women who wore copper IUDs for 24 months.

Some women have voiced concerns that they believe they suffered symptoms of copper toxicity after insertion of the device, but the position of the medical community remains that levels of copper from the IUD are not high enough to cause toxicity.

However, because Paragard is made of copper, it could worsen a rare disease that affects copper excretion called Wilson’s disease.  

“IUDs, including Paragard — or the copper IUD — are among the most effective, convenient, and long-lasting methods of birth control,” Benedict says. 

But she adds that, “IUDs may not be for everyone, so it is important to talk to your provider about what would work best for your health needs and lifestyle.”

U.S. FDA Approves Bayer’s Skyla™ (Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System) 13.5 mg For Prevention Of Pregnancy For Up To Three Years

(Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130109/MM19804-b)  

“Research shows that nearly 50 percent of pregnancies in the U.S. are unintended,2 which emphasizes the need for increased education and access to effective birth control options,”said Anita L. Nelson, M.D., Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA. “Skyla is more than 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancyand may be appropriate for women who want a birth control method that they do not have to take daily. Further, Skyla may be used by women whether or not they have ever had a child, representing an important new choice for women who don’t want to become pregnant for up to three years.”

Skyla is a small, flexible plastic T-shaped device containing 13.5 mg of a progestin hormone called levonorgestrel.The size of the Skyla T-body is 28mm x 30mm and the outer diameter of the placement tube is 3.8mm. Because Skyla slowly releases levonorgestrel into the uterus, only small amounts of the hormone enter the blood. During the first three to six months of using Skyla, women may experience irregular periods and an increase in the number of bleeding days. Women may also have frequent spotting or light bleeding. Some women may have heavy bleeding during this time. After using Skyla for a while, the number of bleeding and spotting days is likely to lessen, and there is a small chance that periods may stop altogether.1,3

Women can have Skyla placed by a healthcare provider during an in-office visit. Skyla is intended for long-term use for up to three years but may be removed by a healthcare provider at any time. Women could become pregnant as soon as Skyla is removed, so they should use another method of birth control if they do not want to become pregnant. About 77% of women who want to become pregnant will become pregnant sometime in the first year after Skyla is removed.3

“The approval of Skyla expands Bayer’s IUD portfolio and highlights our continued commitment to empower women with a variety of birth control options at different reproductive stages of their lives,” said Pamela A. Cyrus, M.D., Vice President and Head of U.S. Medical Affairs, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals. “We are pleased to bring the first new IUD to market in the U.S. in 12 years, and to provide women who are seeking contraception with an important new and effective option to consider with their healthcare providers.”

Skyla (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) 13.5 mg will be available by prescription the week of February 11.

About the Clinical Trial for Skyla1
The approval of Skyla is supported by data from a Phase 3 trial that included 1,432 women aged 18-35 who received Skyla, of which 38.8% (556) had not yet had a child. The trial was a multicenter, multinational, randomized open-label study conducted in 11 countries in Europe, Latin America, the U.S. and Canada. Women less than six weeks postpartum, with a history of ectopic pregnancy, with clinically significant ovarian cysts or with HIV or otherwise at high risk for sexually transmitted infections were excluded from the trial. 

The pregnancy rate calculated as the Pearl Index (PI) in women aged 18-35 years was the primary efficacy endpoint used to assess contraceptive reliability. The PI was calculated based on 28-day equivalent exposure cycles; evaluable cycles excluded those in which back-up contraception was used unless a pregnancy occurred in that cycle. Skyla-treated women provided 15,763 evaluable 28-day cycle equivalents in the first year and 39,368 evaluable cycles over the three-year treatment period. The PI estimate for the first year of use based on the five pregnancies that occurred after the onset of treatment and within seven days after Skyla removal or expulsion was 0.41 with a 95% upper confidence limit of 0.96. The cumulative three-year pregnancy rate, based on 10 pregnancies, estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method was 0.9 per 100 women or 0.9%, with a 95% upper confidence limit of 1.7%.

Of Skyla-treated women, 21.9% discontinued the study treatment due to an adverse event.  Most common adverse reactions (occurring in greater than or equal to 5% users) were, vulvovaginitis (20.2%), abdominal/pelvic pain (18.9%), acne/seborrhea (15.0%), ovarian cyst (13.2%), headache (12.4%), dysmenorrhea (8.6%), breast pain/discomfort (8.6%), increased bleeding (7.8%) and nausea (5.5%). 

Other serious adverse reactions were also observed, including ectopic/intrauterine pregnancy, life-threatening infections, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), perforation and expulsion. 

Important Safety Information for Skyla (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) 13. 5 mg

If you have a pelvic infection, get infections easily, or have certain cancers, don’t use Skyla. Less than 1% of users get a serious infection called pelvic inflammatory disease.

If you have persistent pelvic or stomach pain or if Skyla comes out, tell your doctor. If Skyla comes out, use back-up birth control. Skyla may attach to or go through the uterus and cause other problems.

Pregnancy while using Skyla is uncommon but can be life threatening and may result in loss of pregnancy or fertility. Ovarian cysts may occur but usually disappear.

Bleeding and spotting may increase in the first few months, and remain irregular. Over time, periods are likely to become shorter and lighter, or may stop.

Skyla does not protect against HIV or STDs.

Only you and your healthcare provider can decide if Skyla is right for you.  Skyla is available by prescription only.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA.  Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

For additional information about Skyla, please see full prescribing information at www.skyla-us.com.

About Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. is the U.S.-based pharmaceuticals business of Bayer HealthCare LLC, a subsidiary of Bayer AG. Bayer HealthCare is one of the world’s leading, innovative companies in the healthcare and medical products industry, and combines the activities of the Animal Health, Consumer Care, Diabetes Care, and Pharmaceuticals divisions. As a specialty pharmaceutical company, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals provides products for Diagnostic Imaging, General Medicine, Hematology, Neurology, Oncology and Women’s Healthcare. The company’s aim is to discover and manufacture products that will improve human health worldwide by diagnosing, preventing and treating diseases.

BAYER® and the Bayer Cross® are registered trademarks of Bayer.   Skyla is a trademark of Bayer. 

Intended for U.S. media only

Media Contact:
Marcy Funk, Tel. +1 (973) 305 5385

E-Mail: [email protected]

Forward-Looking Statement
This news release may contain forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Bayer Group or subgroup management. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performance of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Bayer’s public reports which are available on the Bayer website at www.bayer.com. The company assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking statements or to conform them to future events or developments.

 

[1] Skyla Prescribing Information, January 2013

[2] Mosher WD, Jones J. Use of contraception in the United States: 1982–2008. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 23(29). 2010. “Introduction” Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_23/sr23_029.pdf.  Accessed on 1/2/13.

[3] Skyla Patient Prescribing Information, January 2013

SOURCE Bayer HealthCare

Which type of IUD is best? – Mvorganizing.org

Which type of IUD is best?

Hormonal IUDs Highly effective: Both hormonal and nonhormonal IUDs are over 99 percent effective. However, a 2015 study found that hormonal IUDs are more effective than copper IUDs. More regular periods: Some people find that the hormones in an IUD regulate their periods or even make their periods disappear.

Whats the difference between Mirena and Liletta?

Studies show that Mirena® can be effective for up to seven years, even though it is approved to be used for only five years. Liletta is an IUD that is very similar to Mirena®. They are both made with the same type and dose of progestin, so they work the same way. Liletta is approved for up to four years of use.

What’s the difference between Kyleena Mirena and Skyla?

Kyleena has a lower dose of hormones than Mirena and LILETTA, and Skyla has the lowest. As the dosage decreases, the effectiveness decreases a little, but they are all still super effective at preventing pregnancy.

Do you still ovulate with Skyla?

This device may also stop the release of an egg from your ovary (ovulation), but this is not the way it works in most women. Using this product does not protect you or your partner against sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Does Skyla cause weight loss?

Doctor’s Response. In general, intrauterine devices (IUDs) generally do not cause weight gain. Studies have shown that copper IUDs (ParaGard) do not cause any weight gain, and hormonal IUDs (Mirena, Skyla, Kyleena, Liletta) only cause weight gain in about 5% of women.

Can Skyla cause infertility?

Ectopic pregnancy can cause internal bleeding, infertility, and even death. There are also risks if you get pregnant while using Skyla and the pregnancy is in the uterus. Severe infection, miscarriage, premature delivery, and even death can occur with pregnancies that continue with an intrauterine device (IUD).

Can an IUD ruin your fertility?

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) — Intrauterine devices, commonly known as IUDs, do not impair women’s future fertility, according to a new study. Researchers in Guangdong, China found that once these contraceptive devices are removed, women have relatively high pregnancy rates and normal pregnancy results.

How likely is it to get pregnant on the Skyla IUD?

There are two main types: copper IUDs (ParaGard) and hormonal IUDs (Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena, Skyla). Both types of IUD are more than 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy, according to Planned Parenthood. Over the course of a year, fewer than 1 out of 100 women with an IUD will get pregnant.

Can IUD lead to infertility?

PIP: 2 studies sponsored by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) report direct evidence of a link between IUDs and infertility. Both studies indicate that copper-bearing IUDs are less likely than inert IUDs to lead to infertility, but increased risk was evident for both types of IUDs.

Do I still ovulate with an IUD?

Do I ovulate while using the hormonal IUD? Many people who use a hormonal IUD will continue to ovulate. But since the device contains a progestin that disrupts the hormone cycle (2), there is a possibility the device can impact ovulation, depending on its dosage.

What are the dangers of an IUD?

Risks

  • Menstrual problems. The copper IUD may increase menstrual bleeding or cramps.
  • Perforation. In 1 out of 1,000 women, the IUD will get stuck in or puncture (perforate) the uterus.
  • Expulsion. About 2 to 10 out of 100 IUDs are pushed out (expelled) from the uterus into the vagina during the first year.

How long after IUD is removed to get pregnant?

Fertility can return immediately after IUD removal, so there is no waiting period for trying to conceive after removal. However, getting pregnant after IUD removal also hinges on the absence of other fertility issues not related to an IUD.

Can you take your IUD out yourself?

It isn’t something you could do yourself. Most of the time, taking an IUD back out is a whole lot simpler. If your doctor does it, they’ll have you lie on your back with your legs apart, just as you’d do for a regular exam. They’ll grasp the string with an instrument and gently pull out the IUD.

What are the symptoms of a moved IUD?

Signs and symptoms of a displaced IUD

  • not being able to feel the IUD strings with your fingers.
  • feeling the plastic of the IUD.
  • your partner being able to feel your IUD during sex.
  • bleeding in between periods.
  • heavy vaginal bleeding.
  • cramping, beyond what you normally have during your period.

90,000 Height and weight gain for babies in the first year of life. Tables

Dear parents, the baby is growing and you are concerned about whether he is gaining enough weight and height. For control, there are centile tables for assessing the physical development of children, mass and height indicators. At the same time, you must remember that each baby is individual, he cannot grow according to the textbook. These weight and height recommendations are for an average number of children, and a 10% deviation is normal. In addition, the centile corridor from 25% to 75% is the average physical indicators.That is why they say: Physical development is mesosomatic, macro-somatic, micro-somatic.

It is important that the indicators of weight and height are in one centile corridor, but no more than two adjacent ones. Then we can talk about harmonious development. If the gap is more than two centile corridors, the development is disharmonious. Then we can think of either an unbalanced diet or pathology associated with obesity (paratrophy), or protein-energy malnutrition (malnutrition). In addition, one should not forget about the constitutional characteristics of the child, about the genetic predisposition. Therefore, in no case should you compare your child with your neighbor. To talk about a child’s health, we assess his condition according to many criteria. This is neuropsychic development, laboratory examination data, anamnesis, heredity. How many times in my practice have I met children who gained 400-450 g in weight every month, by the year they barely gained 7.8-8 kg. But at the same time, children already at 10 months began to walk, pronounce syllables, and followed complex instructions.

We’ll talk about weight gain and height gain for term babies. In premature babies, the indicators of weight gain and height differ in the degree of prematurity. In addition, children may be born with intrauterine malnutrition.

Tables for girls and boys are different in numerical indicators, but at 1 year of life, these differences are very minimal.

Centile tables for assessing the physical development of girls from 0 to 12 months.

90 900

Body length (height), see

Centiles in%

Age per month

Body weight, kg.

Centiles in%

3

ten

25

50

75

90

97

3

ten

25

50

75

90

97

45.8

47.5

49.8

50.7

52.0

53.1

53.9

0

2. 6

2.8

3.0

3.3

3.7

3.9

4.1

48.5

50.3

52.1

53.5

55.0

56.1

57.3

1

3.3

3.6

3.8

4.2

4.5

4.7

5.1

51.2

53.3

55.2

56.8

58.0

59.3

60.6

2

3.8

4.2

4.5

4.8

5. 2

5.5

5.9

54.0

56.2

57.6

59.3

67.7

61.8

63.6

3

4.4

4.8

5.2

5.5

5.9

6.3

6,7

56.7

58.4

60.0

61.2

62.8

64.0

65.7

4

5.0

5.4

5.8

6.2

6.6

7.0

7.5

59. 1

60.8

62.0

63.8

65.1

66.0

68.0

5

5.5

5.9

6.3

6,7

7.2

7,7

8.1

60.8

62.5

64.1

65.5

67.1

68.8

70.0

6

5.9

6.3

6.8

7.3

7.8

8.3

8.7

62.7

64.1

65.9

67.5

69. 2

70.4

71.9

7

6.4

6.8

7.3

7,7

8.4

8.9

9.3

64.5

66.0

67.5

69.0

70.5

72.5

73,7

eight

6,7

7.2

7.6

8.2

8.8

9.3

9,7

66.0

67.5

69.1

70.2

72.0

74.1

75.5

nine

7. 1

7.5

8.0

8.6

9.2

9,7

10.1

67.5

69.0

70.3

71.9

73.2

75.3

76.8

ten

7.4

7.9

8.4

9.0

9.6

10.1

10.5

68.9

70.1

71.5

73.0

74.7

76.5

78.1

eleven

7,7

8.3

8.7

9.3

9. 9

10.5

10.9

70.1

71.4

72.8

74.1

75.8

78.0

79.6

12

8.0

8.5

9.0

9.6

10.2

10.8

11.3

At the same time, up to the age of three months, the child adds 20-30 grams per day per day, respectively, from 140 to 200 per week.If we talk about the average weight gain by months, then it is only 600 g per month, as in the child after birth there is a physiological weight loss (with urine, feces, the transition from intrauterine feeding to breastfeeding during the adaptation period), approximately 10% of the weight , which is 200-300 grams.

More often, by 3-4 days, the child regains its original weight, and then there is an increase. But I had a case in practice when a child began to gain weight from the 20th day of life, while the girl was active, her reflexes were lively, her appetite was good, she could withstand the night interval, stools 4-5 times a day, urination was sufficient, developed according to age.So don’t worry. Our indicator is the child’s well-being. If the baby is active, eats with appetite, sleep is calm, the skin is clean, physiological functions are not disturbed, be calm, your baby is healthy and not hungry. You can see from the table the range of weight per year is from 8 to 13 kg. This is the norm. There is no reason to run to an endocrinologist, genetics, to examine the child.

Or the opposite situation: a child in the first months of life gains 1-1.5 kg., While breastfeeding.If the baby does not have colic, he does not spit up, there are no gastrointestinal manifestations, he is active, the skin is clean, the physiological functions are not disturbed – this is also the norm. Remember, as often happens, premature babies quickly gain weight and catch up with their peers by the year. Large babies gain weight more slowly. For all my thirty years of practice, only two children weighed 14-15 kg by the year, although their parents were large, tall. By the age of three, they weighed almost the same, added only in height, the rest of their peers caught up with them.

90 900

Month

Weight gain in grams

1

600.0

2

800.0

3

800.0

4

750.0

5

700.0

6

650.0

7

600.0

eight

550.0

nine

500.0

ten

450.0

eleven

400.0

12

350.0

It is believed that by the age of 4-4.5 months, the child should double its weight, and by the end of the year, triple it.

It happens that the increase in height and weight is jumps, seasonality, unevenness, and sometimes asymmetry of growth are noted. Pediatricians are worried about the circumference of the head and chest, by 2-3 months they should equalize. Further, the breast grows faster. It is important not to miss pathology.

The younger the child, the more intensive his growth. In the first 3 months of life, body length increases by 3 cm per month, in the second quarter by 2.5-2 cm per month. In the third – 1.5-2 cm each., in the fourth, 1 cm. monthly. In total, the total increase in height in the first year of life is about 25 cm.

Centile tables for assessing the physical development of boys from 0 to 12 months.

90 900

Body length (height), see

Centiles in%

Age in month

Body weight, kg

Centiles in%

3

ten

25

50

75

90

97

3

ten

25

50

75

90

97

46.5

48.0

49.8

51.3

52.3

53.5

55.0

0

2.7

2.9

3.1

3.4

3.7

3.9

4.4

49.5

51.2

52.7

54.5

55.6

56.5

57.3

1

3.3

3.6

4.0

4.3

4.7

5.1

5.4

53.6

53.8

55.3

57.3

58.2

59.4

60.9

2

3.9

4.2

4.6

5.1

5.6

6.0

6.4

55.3

56.5

58.1

60.0

60.9

62.0

63.8

3

4.5

4.9

5.3

5.8

6.4

7.0

7.3

57.5

58.7

60.6

62.0

63.1

64.5

66.3

4

5.1

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.2

7.6

8.1

59.9

61.1

62.3

64.3

65.6

67.0

68.9

5

5.6

6.1

6.5

7.1

7.8

8.3

8.8

61.7

63.0

64.8

66.1

67.7

69.0

71.2

6

6.1

6.6

7.1

7.6

8.4

9.0

9.4

63.8

65.1

66.3

68.0

69.8

71.1

73.5

7

6.6

7.1

7.6

8.2

8.9

9.5

9.9

65.5

66.8

68.1

70.0

71.3

73.1

75.3

eight

7.1

7.5

8.0

8.6

9.4

10.0

10.5

67.3

68.2

69.8

71.3

73.2

75.1

75.5

nine

7.5

7.9

8.4

9.1

9.8

10.5

11.0

68.8

69.1

71.2

73.0

75.1

76.9

78.8

ten

7.9

8.3

8.8

9.5

10.3

10.9

11.4

70.1

71.3

72.6

74.3

76.2

78.0

80.3

eleven

8.2

8.6

9.1

9.8

10.6

11.2

11.8

71.2

72.3

74.0

75.5

77.3

79.7

81,7

12

8.5

8.9

9.4

10.0

10.9

11.6

12.1

In the second year of life, the child should gain 2-2.5 kg in weight, grow by 8-10 cm.

Thank you for the attention.

90,000 Weight during pregnancy. What is the optimal gain?

Recently, doctors are increasingly talking about an individual approach and urge not to panic if the increase is slightly outside the normal range. When assessing the health of a pregnant woman, the doctor focuses not only on weight, but also takes into account the results of tests and examinations and other important indicators.

Why is excessive weight gain dangerous?

Gaining extra pounds can lead to gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, or cause a caesarean section.

In addition, too much weight gain during pregnancy can put you at risk of obesity and associated cardiovascular disease.

What to do to keep your weight within the normal range during pregnancy?

First of all, consult a dietitian. If the antenatal clinic does not have such a doctor, it makes sense to contact a specialist on a commercial basis. He will develop an individual diet that will contain all the beneficial elements, and will suggest keeping a food diary.It will also tell you how to eat and weigh yourself properly.
To prevent excess weight gain during pregnancy, it is enough to adhere to simple rules of a healthy diet:

  • Eaten often and in small portions;
  • Always keep a “healthy snack” on hand: fresh apple wedges, unsweetened crackers, dried fruit, or sugar-free yogurt;
  • Give up soda, chips, sausages and sausages;
  • Minimize the consumption of sweets;
  • Avoid fast food;
  • Limit the use of condiments, especially salt, which retains water in the body;
  • Choose steamed dishes;
  • Eat more fiber-rich foods such as whole grain breads, bran, vegetables;

The diet of a pregnant woman should be varied.Include grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meat and fish, legumes, or nuts.

It must be remembered that expectant mothers in no case should starve and adhere to extreme diets.

How many calories per day are required during pregnancy?

It is difficult to calculate the energy value per day on your own, and then strictly adhere to a certain number of calories, and it is not necessary, if it is not recommended by a nutritionist or endocrinologist. On average, you can focus on 2000-2500 calories per day, but it is important to understand that the need for calories depends on many factors: age, initial weight, health status and level of physical activity.

When do you need to be on your guard?

Strictly speaking, it is better for a pregnant woman not to worry and entrust her condition to a doctor who will monitor the development of pregnancy, tests and monitor her weight. It is important to be tested once a trimester to determine the level of fasting blood glucose. The appearance of glucosuria, an increase in fasting blood glucose (more than 5.5 mmol / l) or an hour after a meal (more than 7.7 mmol / l) indicate the possible development of “pregnancy diabetes”, in connection with which the doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment …In addition, a sharp increase in body weight can cause gestosis.

These and other diseases can be dangerous, which is why you need to carefully monitor body weight during gestation, but at the same time remember that pregnancy is not the time for strict diets.

++,, Nissan Skyline R34 – Artyomovsk Automobile School DOSAAF

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The best automatic transmissions and engines for Nissan Skyline, characteristics, gasoline, diesel internal combustion engines

In 2007, mainly for Infiniti cars, the most advanced engine from the VQ series was introduced, designated as VQ37VHR.This unit replaced the VQ35HR and was developed on its basis. The block of cylinders VQ35HR has grown slightly in height, at the same time its rigidity has been increased. A crankshaft with a piston stroke of 86 mm was installed inside, long connecting rods, light pistons for a compression ratio of 11. This made it possible to increase the working volume from 3.5 liters to 3.7 liters. Read more about VQ37VHR engine…

The RB26DETT engine was installed mainly on the Nissan Skyline GT-R in the body of R32, R33 and R34, Nissan Stagea 260RS. This engine was developed in the Nismo division for the Skyline R32 GT-R car racing.The engine has a high potential to increase its power, thanks to which the RB26DETT has gained worldwide fame. Read more about RB26DETT engine…

The RB25DET engine is a common modification of six-cylinder engines from the Japanese automaker Nissan. The RB25DE modification has a volume of 2.5 liters and was installed on Nissan cars in 1991. This modification has established itself as a powerful enough, easy to repair and reliable power plant.The motor has an increased service life and is successfully operated on Nissan vehicles to this day. Read more about engine RB25DE / DET…

The first RB20E / ET / DE / DET engines were installed on the Nissan Skyline R31. Early double overhead camshaft engines are referred to as “Red Top” because they have red caps. Later versions used the ECCS engine management system. There were different versions of 2-liter RB20 engines: RB20E, RB20ET, RB20DE, RB20DE NEO, RB20DET, RB20P, RB20DET-R, NEO RB20DE Read more about RB20DE / DET / E / ET…

The VQ35 engine is considered one of the most popular engines from the Nissan company.This ICE has received more than one award, becoming the “best engine of the year”. The VQ35 replaces the VQ30DE unit, which belonged to the first generation of VQ motors. This new 3.5-liter engine, in the most common version, has a capacity of 280 hp. It should be added that in its (second) generation the VQ35 had versions with a capacity of 230-250 forces, and in the third – 260-300. Read more VQ35DE engine…

The VQ30DE engine is in the record book as the best engine. For six years, he was included in the list of the ten best engines.No other engine has achieved this result. A feature of the engine is the finest processing of camshafts and crankshafts, the presence of a digital knock control system and a new engine cooling system. Read more VQ30DE engine…

Nissan Skyline engines: reliability and maintainability

Nissan Skyline first became available for sale back in 1957. Originally produced by Prince Motor, which was later acquired by Nissan Motor.At the moment, there are 13 generations of cars. The latest version, V37, is currently being marketed worldwide. Sold as Infiniti Q50 in the USA, Canada, Taiwan, South Korea and Russia.

The first sedan or station wagon was named Prince Motor ALSI-1. Was going to 1957-63. At one time belonged to the Lux class. The vehicle was produced by a company whose production facilities were a former military aircraft factory. The design of the car is outwardly similar to American cars of those years, which is not surprising.Weighing 1,300 kilograms, the Skyline accelerated to 140 km / h.

The model was updated in the 58th year. ALSI-2, in line with the global design trends set at the time by the United States, received 4 headlights at the front. The powertrain has also been redesigned. A GA-4 motor with a power of 70 hp was installed. In 1962, the BLRA-3 convertible and coupe was born with an engine of 1.9 liters and 96 hp. From 1962 to 1968, Nissan Skyline created the S50 series cars. Produced exclusively in the sedan body.Has become more widespread – more than 100 thousand cars have been produced.

1964 saw the introduction of the S54 (Skyline GT) racing series. Equipped with a six-cylinder engine, the Gloria S40 won prizes in the race. After that, a modified version was released – Prince 2000GT. The racing car was equipped with powerful brakes, a 5-speed gearbox, a limited-slip differential and 3 carburetors.

S57 version – an upgrade of the previous generation appeared in 1967.In the interval between 1968 and 1972, cars of the C10 series were assembled, among which were not only the bodies of sedans and station wagons, but also coupe-hardtops. In the following years, many other series of cars were produced with engines of various powers. The latest series is the V37, which is sold outside the Japanese islands under the Infiniti Q50 and Q60 badges.

We should also highlight the Nissan GT-R supercar, which first went on sale in 1969. The sedan, and later (in 1971) the coupe, had a 160 hp engine.with. The revival of the sports car took place in 2007. The new six-cylinder V-engine is equipped with two turbochargers. Internal combustion engine power – 480 hp. The model is distinguished by the presence of all-wheel drive, double clutch and two propeller shafts. Gearbox – 6 speeds. Acceleration to 100 km / h is achieved in 3.5 seconds.

Great variety of series and engines

90 900 90 901

Popular engines

Of the modern units, the VQ35HR engine is the most common. On cars previously released, the VQ37VHR power unit is often found. On a 2006-2009 car, VQ25HR is constantly found. In 2003-2004, VQ35DE was mainly installed, in 2001 – VQ25DD. In 1998-2000, the RB25DE and RB25DET motor is often found, in 1985-1991 – RB20DE.

Popularity and reliability of cars

Cars with bodies R32, R33 and R34 are indisputably popular. This is the so-called Skyline GT-R with an engine capacity of 3.8 liters. The reason for the demand is the presence of the RB26DETT engine, which has gained fame all over the world. The six-cylinder unit was installed on all cars of the GT-R series. Cars that have become iconic in their own way have been produced since 2002. Simpler models include models with the GTS index, on which two-liter six-cylinder engines were installed.

Generations of Model

13th generation V37 (2014-present)

Engine brand Horse power Volume in liters
274A 211 2
VQ 35 HR 306 3.5
274930 211 2
274A 211 2
VQ25HR 225 2.5
VQ37VHR 330 3.7
VQ35HR 315 3.5
VQ37VHR 330 3.7
VQ25DD 215 2.5
VQ35DE 272-280 3.5
VQ30DD 260 3
RB20DE 155-200 2.0 or 2.5
RB25DET 245-280 2.5
RB20E 115-130 2
CA18i 91 1.8
RB20DET 215 2
CA18S 85-100 1.8
RB20ET 145 2
RD28 94-100 2.8
Horse power Volume in liters
V37 306 3.5
V37 211 2

12th generation V36 (2006-14)

90 900

Horse power Volume in liters
V36 333 3.7
V36 315 3.5
V36 225 2.5

11th generation V35 (2001-07)

90 900

Horse power Volume in liters
V35 280 3.5
V35 260 3
V35 215 2.5

10th generation, R34 (1998-02)

Horse power Volume in liters
GTR 280 2.6
GTT 280 2.5
GTV 200 2.5
GT 155 2

9th generation (1993-98)

Horse power Volume in liters
GTR 280 2.6
GTS25T 250 2.5
GTS25 190 2.5
GTS 130 2

8th generation (1988-94)

90 900 90 901

Maintainability

First of all, you need to know where the engine number is. The alphanumeric designation is visible when viewed from the side of the hood on the left near the junction with the box and the engine on a special site.Stuffed in the direction of the vehicle. First comes the number, then the brand of the power unit.

Common malfunction – knocking in the engine. It is especially common on the VQ25DD in the V35 body. As a rule, it is solved by replacing the timing kit. Oil starvation is also possible. A removed head on the engine will show if oil is present or not. The repair does not differ from similar procedures for other brands.

Popularity of the engine

The Skylan GT-R engine is so popular that it was installed by craftsmen in a VAZ.This required partially sawing and strengthening the engine compartment. The body was additionally reinforced with tubular structures. After endless ordeals and complex settings and improvements, the classic rear-wheel drive VAZ model acquired a second life and a powerful power unit.

The nugget constructor has not forgotten about the improvement of the exterior and interior decoration of the car. A second life was literally breathed into the vehicle. Only a few familiar features of the “five” testify to their former origins.

Recommended by the manufacturer oils and technical fluids for nissan SKYLINE

Recommended by the manufacturer oils for nissan SKYLINE, the correct choice of technical fluids for the Japanese car.
Main page of the catalog \ nissan \ nissan SKYLINE \

Here you can find information about which oil for the nissan SKYLINE engine should be filled, how much oil in the engine (how much oil should be filled) nissan SKYLINE.
You will also find information about gearbox oil for nissan SKYLINE and car oils for differential.

Horse power Volume in liters
GTR 280 2.6
GTS-25 180 2.5
GTS-T 215 2
GTS 155 2
GTE 125 2
GXi 91 1.8
Manufacturer NISSAN
Model Name SKYLINE
Start date of production 93.08
End date of production 98.12
Body number E-ENR33
Engine displacement 2.5 liters
Drive and transmission type 4WD M / T
Engine type RB25DE
Engine oil
Oil volume 4.2 liters
Oil volume with filter 4.6 liters
Required oil viscosity SAE 7.5W-30
Required Oil API / ILSAC SG
Oil for manual gearbox and manual gearbox with switch
Oil volume 4.1
Gear oil type Mission Oil MP-G Special (MP-GHQ) GL-4 75W-90
Switch oil
Oil volume 1.8
Gear oil type Nissan Matic Fluid D
Differential oil (front wheel drive)
Oil volume 1.0
Oil type Diff Oil Hypoid Super GL-5 80W-90
Differential oil (rear wheel drive)
Oil volume 1.3
Oil type Diff Oil Hypoid Super GL-5 80W-90
Marked

Oils and technical fluids for other modifications of nissan SKYLINE

The most complete catalog of characteristics of Japanese cars with right-hand drive


Engine diagram nissan skyline gtr r34 rb26.Tips, reviews, photos

Contents of the article:

  • Photos
  • Heart of the Legend. Engine – logbook Nissan Skyline 1994 for
  • Videos
  • Similar articles
  • Nissan Skyline ›Logbook› Heart of the Legend. RB 26 DETT engine. The same engine is used in the Nissan Skyline GT – R Z-Tune, and produces 510 hp. (368 kW) and 540 Nm of torque.

    Engine history. The engine was created specifically for the new, at that time, Nissan Skyline GT – R R 32, whose main goal was to win the JTC (Group A).The RB 26 DETT motor is a bit like the younger one.

    FACT! Nissan is the third in the Japanese ranking of automakers (after Toyota and Honda) and the 8th in the world ranking. The most popular car is the Nissan Qashqai. The name “Qashqai” is taken from the name of a tribe living in Iran.

    Photo of the car Nissan Skyline GTR. Nissan Skyline GTR engine. The RB25 is a little more powerful – the power of 200 horses is hidden under the hood.

    I myself do not belong to any of the sides of this confrontation … I have been waiting for the details for a long time, so the electrician was almost assembled.Fifth, in the yard on “knees” for a couple of evening .. He also left it last. Number of valves per cylinder.

    Nissan Skyline GT-R |

    Surprisingly, the legendary sports car – Nissan Skyline became an icon despite the fact that the Japanese themselves did not initially plan significant sales for the GT-R, and even more so the Japanese did not expect that the car would become so popular not only in Japan, but also abroad.

    You can take a look at the photo, and the car did not just come first, the podium was completely occupied by the Nissan pilots.This car more than once became the car of the protagonist in the movie Fast and the Furious. Cars in the racing version of the V-Spec can be distinguished by their lower stance and lower ground clearance. The body differs from the previous V-Spec in that the new car has a carbon fiber hood, which is lighter than the aluminum hood of the previous version.

    We emphasize that in addition to the racing modification, there is also a more civilian version – M-Spec, this car is softer and more comfortable on the go. In addition to excellent dynamic characteristics, Skyline is also distinguished by its grip on the roadway.The car can be not only rear-wheel drive, but also with all-wheel drive. A special system HICAS High Capacity Active Steering in extreme modes steers the rear wheels at a small angle, which also significantly increases the speed of cornering.

    As gearboxes for the Nissan Skyline, a four-speed automatic and a six-speed GETRAG mechanics were offered. The fastest of the standard Skylans was the Nissan Skyline Nismo Z-Tune. The roar of the Nismo Z-Tune exhaust system falls within the scope of exhaust sound standards.

    Most motorists choose something more rational: ZAZ VIDA, or Skoda Roomster, but who once drove a GT-R will never forget these minutes. The eleventh generation Nissan GT-R is being produced today. Skyline, it is also a skyline in Africa.

    The most beautiful car in the world for me. Of course, it is not suitable for everyday use, but this is one of those cars that are bought for the soul, and not for convenience. I remember the first time I saw her live, and I thought what a divorce, how such a huge car can drive so fast.Then there was a drag race, and Skyline makes everyone and everything without a chance. Now I have grown up, buy a car, guided by the mind and not the soul. And Sky will always remain a childhood dream. Denis, well, this is already a matter of taste and preference.

    It so happens that you like something, and then even if the same thing appears, only better, you still want that aging, unprepossessing, but at the same time so desirable.

    Perhaps if I drove on it, I would be disappointed, but so far this is my most coveted car.In principle, a very good car for its time. The lack of comfort in the cabin is fully compensated by its dynamic qualities. Easy control and excellent acceleration dynamics compensate for its disadvantages with a great advantage. The sound of the engine is like a balm to the soul. On spare parts not whimsical, so only for small consumables.

    Fuel consumption is also low. In general, for young people, the car is just right. Excellent acceleration and good speed. The appearance of the car is an amateur, but its speed more than compensates for everything.The salon is spacious and comfortable enough. For its time, the car was excellent. Now this car will take its rightful place in the collection.

    Nissan Skyline GTR R33 | Specifications, engines, body kit Nissan Skyline R33

    Bright blue, Japanese crow.
    Underrated but highly influential, here’s everything you need to know about the Nissan Skyline GT-R R33 generation. The first of a breed officially imported to the UK and the United States of America, the Nissan Skyline GTR v spec r33 was opposed from the start.
    Even now, he is often referred to as the black sheep in the GT-R line. It did not carry the same influence as its predecessor, it lacked the last feature that ended the era of the R34 and completely surpassed the R35.
    When the R33 specification was revealed, it left many in awe. (2.6L inline engine and turbocharged (RB26) 2.6L) was carried over from the R32 seemingly unchanged except for a pair of turbos built with ceramic internals, so power was tied to 276bhp.with. (identical to R32). The torque, however, has increased. Surprisingly, the insignificant gain was reduced by two tenths from the stated R32 0-100 kilometers per hour – 5.6 seconds.
    Under a more streamlined body, a stiffer structure of the Nissan Skyline GTR R33 nismo sat: braces – front and rear – tied the shock absorbers, a rigid panel was installed behind the rear seats, and stronger side skirts appeared – all this led to an increase in weight by about 100 kg (compared to R32).This, along with the lack of excessive power boost.
    The extra headroom of the Nissan Skyline GT R R33 required large brakes (Brembo), ventilated discs measuring 324mm at the front and 300mm at the rear (up to 28mm and 3mm on the R32 respectively), which were fitted as standard. They hide behind 9 x 17-inch wheels with 245/45 R17 tires – both lower and wider than the R32.

    To use sports tires, the Nissan skyline r33 sedan revised the all-wheel drive (ATTESA E-TS) and four-wheel steering (Super HICAS) systems, which, according to engineers, improved stability on uneven roads.The suspension has evolved from the multi-link setup found in the R32, offering greater camber stiffness at the front and more suspension travel at the rear.
    Given the success of the R32 GT-R V-spec, the higher performance version of the Nissan Skyline R33 nismo 400r was retained until the R33 generation and went on sale. It had a higher suspension with stiffer springs and dampers, and a “Pro” ATTESA 4WD version that included an active differential with limited axle box. There was also another version of the N1 for Japanese racing.
    LM Limited 1996, commemorating the tenth GT-R in 1995 at Le Mans. All have been painted Champion Blue and feature an N1 bonnet and front bumper ducts, as well as a carbon fiber rear spoiler.
    Indeed, the Skyline family tree has come a long way, but the first model to use the now legendary RB series engine was the box-shaped R31. The world saw the high-performance RB30 SOHC engine in the R31 Skyline sedan and station wagon.But we never really considered the Japanese market for the turbo variant of the DOHC RB20. Note that, with the exception of the limited mileage GT-R, the R31 sedan and wagon were also the last Skyline to be officially delivered to the states of America; all people get now are second-hand Japanese imports.

    In Japan, R31 has been replaced by R32. The R32 GTS-t coupe was a significant aesthetic step up from the R31, and it was powered by an improved (158 kW) version of the RB20DET engine – the very good Nissan Skyline R33 nismo utility car.
    After the R32 was discontinued in mid-1993, Nissan Japan launched the R33 Skyline series. The car got a body that is larger than the R32, this model acquired a slightly softer profile, but the coupe version featured unusual headlights, sexy taillights and an integrated rear spoiler. However, the side skirts and the boot lid have been set high enough to make the rear end of the Nissan Skyline ix R33 coupe a bit bulging.

    On the road, the weight of 1360 kg of the Nissan Skyline R33 is obvious.This is, without a doubt, one of the reasons the R20 RB20DET engine was replaced with a new one that had 500 cubic centimeters more on board – the RB25DET. The additional capacity, squeezed out of the same cylinder block, allowed for an increase in the cylinder and its stroke to 86.0 x 71.7 mm (up from 78.0 x 69.7 mm, respectively). However, the RB25 also has much larger intake valves than the RB20, a significantly improved cylinder head, a larger (ceramic turbine) turbocharger, and a slightly larger grille.The relatively high compression ratio of 9.0: 1 provides good dynamics without boost, and an air mass meter is used as the engine load sensor.

    Engine and wheels

    Nissan Skyline R33, technical specifications. The RB25DET is undoubtedly one of the best single coil turbo engines we have ever seen in the auto industry in those years. The acceleration torque is strong, but at a load above 3000 rpm, the engine is a real rocket. Torque remains strong to near the red line, which is in the order of 7000 rpm, although note that most cars were equipped with an exhaust system that is far from the standard one.A short ride will make you believe each of those 187 kW (at 6400 rpm) and 294 Nm (at 4800 rpm). The
    RB25 Turbo is available with a 4-speed automatic or 5-speed manual transmission. On our test, there was a 5-speed car that showed good positive throw, although the clutch was replaced with a more wear-resistant version; The standard clutch is one of Skyline’s sores. The discs cannot keep up with the gigantic torque, which leads to increased wear.Especially in the chip version of the engine. And you will find more than 90% of these.

    5-speed R33 GTS25T, makes the lazy body lift up and make it run faster than a black horse. Thanks to simple yet perfectly precise shifting, the GTS25T can reach speeds of up to 100 km / h in about 6 seconds. Thanks to the Japanese speed limiter, you can’t go faster than 180 km / h, but it looks like it can easily go up to 230-260. Of course, fuel consumption can be pretty dire when you push your sneaker to the floor.We recorded an average of about 13 liters per 100 km during our “enthusiastic” test.

    Suspension

    The

    R33 is a fairly large car, but its chassis is very well suited for city walks. The sports suspension works perfectly on city bumps, trying to swallow all the holes and bumps in our roads. At the same time, the driver does not even understand how this happens. The seemingly sporty, muscular and high-performance car is able to give the comfort of a sedan, a class above average.This is surprising.
    As you can see from the side badges, the GTS25T is a very capable Grand Tourer. It sits securely on the front wishbones / struts, and its multi-link strut in the back works out so, so gently at all speeds. The ride is almost ideal for this type of car – it is a little stiffer than a regular car, but it sometimes experiences severe vibration due to small amplitude shocks. As far as we know, HICAS is standard on all GTS25T models and includes a system that simply causes a slight change in the stiffness of the rear suspension when cornering.Stabilizers are installed at the front and rear. The standard wheels are nothing more than a 16 x 6.5-inch six-spoke style S14 200SX, in standard 205/55 rubber. Behind them is a set of brakes that work perfectly well – despite the fact that our test car did not come with optional ABS. The pedal response was excellent and the maximum braking power was adequate. However, when driving aggressively, the calipers started to smell a little …

    Salon

    In the Nissan Skyline R33, the cabin is noticeably wider than the R32 GTS-t, and this is reflected in the amount of interior space.In 33 places for the driver and one passenger is quite enough. The standard lateral support pleases. There is much more space in the cabin, although the rear seat remains very small given the size of the car. There’s plenty of room for the front passenger, but the back row offers minimal knee and legroom. There was simply no place for them. Yes, there is more room in there than in the back of the 200SX or 180SX, but it is still practically unusable for those taller than a 6th grade student.

    Standard interior fittings for the GTS25T include climate control, power steering, electric (retractable) mirrors and windows, and central locking. The center console is the speedometer / odometer, tachometer, fuel level, coolant temperature, oil pressure, and boost pressure (measured in 100 mmHg). The seats are comfortable enough – with adjustable front and rear cushion and lumbar height on the driver’s side. The steering wheel is grippy, the trim quality is good, and there is plenty of room for hand luggage.However, one small issue is visibility – all the stanchions are quite thick. Moving to the rear, the boot is suspended on pneumatic struts, allowing maximum access to a good sized boot. A spare wheel lives under the boot floor to save space.
    Produced between mid 1993 and mid 1998, quite a few R33 GTS25Ts were sold. Today, many of the used imported models come with a couple of aftermarket add-ons – so check for signs of cars that have lived a hard life.Also, be careful with low mileage vehicles. Check the condition of the trim and suspension to determine if the odometer has been damaged.
    Purchase prices vary considerably, but – to give you guidance – our 1994 test car had a genuine range of 46,000 km and was priced at $ 27,000 (via Adelaide Japanese imports).

    Tuning

    So, we have established that, like its predecessor, the R33 GTS25T is a good all-rounder.But what kind of customization potential does it have?
    With a design similar to the GT-R RB26DETT engine, we can only assume that the RB25DET is built with serious headroom and can handle a lot more power. The first step in tuning the Nissan Skyline r33 should be exhaust and intake. A good 3-inch pipe and free flow of cold air will increase the power output to 225 kW. Note that many pre-owned GTS25Ts already come with an exhaust and an updated filter; The exhaust is likely pretty good, but the intake is likely to have an open filter that draws in hot air.
    After that, the relatively small R33 intercooler should be the next item to get the power boost.
    Late-model Nissan turbochargers are responsive and high-tech, but they cannot be dramatically increased or their ceramic turbos will break. We would guess that you could probably raise the boost pressure to around 1.5-18 bar without the need for injection mods or major turbo modification. Together with the updated intercooler, you should have a capacity of about 350-400 Newtons per meter.Serious strength. As always with any Japanese import, be very careful with their computers made for 100RON; the engines will explode like crazy if you let them. Not wanting to change the handling, we ALWAYS start the engine on our local 98-octane fuel and then add some secondary octane booster as needed. It will not be cheap to work with – the damage that detonation can cause is much more expensive.

    Output

    So the R33 GTS25T is a very good everyday car for those who don’t need to carry more than two people.It is well-built, reliable, slim stylish, comfortable and of course fast. The engine also lends itself very well to modifications – remember, the fastest street-legal Nissan in Russia currently is the 10-second GTS25T. If you are seriously interested in buying one, however, keep an eye on their stored values. The relative popularity of the R33 GTS25T keeps their prices quite high – the previous R32 GTS-t can now be purchased for about $ 18,000.

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    Skyline R34 with 3.0L Toyota Supra Engine »Cars & Tuning

    One of the possible upgrade options for the Skyline R34 sports car was demonstrated by a resident of Sweden, Niclas Frohlund.The Scandinavian enthusiast took a not-so-standard path and replaced the factory 2.6-liter engine of his car with a 3.0-liter Toyota 2JZ-GTE engine, which has even higher potential in terms of refinement. The Japanese rear-wheel drive coupe was tuned specifically for racing, with the result that the revision touched all technical components, as well as the body and interior.

    To increase the efficiency of the inline six, it was equipped with a GT45 turbine, stainless intake manifold, Bosch injectors, a VAG ignition coil, a Nuke Performance fuel rail, an Aeromotive fuel pressure regulator, AN10 fuel hoses, an aluminum radiator with two 12 “fans, 4” AEM air filter, B&M oil cooler, MaxxECU electronic unit software and a new exhaust system.The transmission was borrowed from the diesel version of the BMW 3-Series (E46) and features a Tilton OT-2 clutch and a Nismo slave cylinder.

    The

    Skyline R34 received Brembo brakes from the Mitsubishi Lancer Evo X, a sports handbrake, Aragosta coilovers at the front and D2 at the rear, and two sets of wheels – 18-inch Artec wheels on Dunlop slicks or 17-inch Enkei wheels on Yokohama slicks.

    Finally, the sports car was presented with a new aerodynamic body kit and a completely re-equipped interior with a Volvo torpedo, roll cage, Alcanatra steering wheel, Driftworks racing seats with 4-point Mlimits seat belts and a Maxxtuning digital instrument panel.External distinctive features of the car are a splitter in the lower part of the front bumper, extended wheel arches and some parts of the aerodynamic body kit (side skirts, rear bumper skirt and trunk lid spoiler) from the Skyline GT-R version. In order to reduce the curb weight, the trim was removed from the passenger compartment and lightweight glass was installed.

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    Tuning Nissan Skyline.Grinder – magazine Behind the wheel

    Tuning Nissan Skyline. Grinder

    To do this, you need to decide where and how to drive. Some prefer to show off the dust, others prefer the smoke from under the wheels. The first is the favorite pastime of the rally drivers, the second is the ridge’s hobbyhorse.

    Of course, a rally car is more suitable for Russia: it flies on the asphalt and jumps over bumps. We talked about how to charge, say, “Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution /”> Lancer Evolution “(ZR, 2004, No. 5, p. 209). But ring cars are becoming more and more fashionable, although there are just one or two special routes in the country of destinations.However, in Russia, official competitions in drag and street racing are already being held, and there it is not far from spectacular drifting, when cars grind the asphalt with wheels, passing a bunch of turns in a skid. Today we will talk about such a “grinder”, the star of the screen from the cult movie “Fast and the Furious” – “Nissan Skyline”.

    IN SHEEP’S SKIN

    On the one hand, Skyline is not very much like a racing shell. Quite a civilized car with a full-fledged sofa in the back and a roomy trunk.The standard equipment includes power accessories, climate control, and a radio tape recorder with a CD changer and navigation has become almost mandatory today. There is also a coupe in the range, and a sister station wagon “Stage”, which has been produced since 1996. On the other hand, little things like the plug-in front-wheel drive and steering rack on the rear axle of many cars hint at their considerable potential.

    The British, who have built many racing cars, highly value Skyline both for its technical excellence and for its unique style – only the rear rounds of the lanterns are worth something! Even used 10-year-old R32s cost a lot of money there – about $ 17,000.pounds. They also participate in circuit championships. Mass distribution in other countries is hindered primarily by the innate right-hand drive; few left-hand drive “skylines” – expensive alterations. However, in Europe, the right-hand drive is not prohibited, so these cars can be found in France, and in Germany, and in Russia. The most common “skylines” in our country are in “33rd” and

    “34th” bodies of 1994-1998 and 1999-2002 release respectively. The price is mainly influenced by the engine, in many respects the filling depends on it.The simplest and cheapest “skylines” in the “34” body are atmospheric: in Moscow they cost 12-15 thousand dollars. Under the hood, they have in-line two-liter twelve-valve “sixes” RB20E (SOHC) and RB20DE (DOHC) or 2.5-liter

    24-valve RB25DE. Much more expensive than 2.5-turbo (GTS25T) – $ 18-24 thousand. The latter lends itself better to motor tuning, but atmospheric versions are available with all-wheel drive and a controlled rear axle. The front axle, however, is connected only when the rear wheels slip and in corners – then up to 50% of the torque is transferred to it.Under normal conditions, the drive is rear-wheel drive, which has a positive effect on fuel efficiency.

    WEAPONS OF THE MAIN CALIBER

    To turn a military weapon into a training weapon, you need very little – to grind off the firing pin, weld the breech or drill a hole in the barrel. The engineers did about the same when creating the serial Nissan Skyline GT-R – the engine was “strangled” by cutting off the intake, exhaust and changing the control program, but they left it designed for 500 hp. with. a connecting rod-piston group, shafts and liners, ultra-reliable drives and a six-speed (for R34) gearbox, as well as excellent Brembo brakes.In addition, all GT-Rs are all-wheel drive and drive all four. In Japan, these cars cost about 60 thousand dollars, in the USA they were unofficially sold for 90 thousand. In Russia, you can find used copies of R34 for 35-37 thousand.

    Their passport 280 liters. with. – outright slyness of manufacturers for the sake of formal limitation of capacity for the Japanese market. At the stand, an inline supercharged “six” with a volume of 2.6 liters produces 320-330 “horses”. And easily reaches 400 liters. with. after replacing the filter, turbine, injectors, exhaust system and control unit program.Lovers of strong sensations can order parts with which the working volume increases to 2.9 liters. In this version, it is possible to remove up to 1000 liters. with., and if the engine is needed only for one race – all 1600.

    The

    GT-R is by far the most popular tuning target. Parts and whales (kits) for it are offered by NISMO (Nissan Motorsport), A’PEXi, HKS and other well-known companies. First of all, owners usually remove the speed limit of 180 km / h for Japanese cars (it is not on the English versions).It will cost $ 200. At the same time, they order a speedometer with a new scale for $ 300 (you can replace the entire panel). In the transmission, it is worth changing only the clutch, and with moderate boost (up to 350 hp) it is not necessary to install a hard and uncomfortable “ceramic” for everyday driving – a reinforced conventional type will do. The most interesting improvements are in the photo.

    WHY Pound Lich

    Even a small road accident is capable of inflicting a sensitive blow on the owner’s pocket: the original “hardware” is gold.The optics are not lagging behind either – a “headlight” on the R33 costs about $ 550, on the R34 it is even more expensive. The branded plastic body kit will also cost a pretty penny – 5-10 thousand dollars with delivery. By the way, delivery raises the price of oversized spare parts by almost half. Costs can be minimized only thanks to the reliability of these machines and the unification of many consumables and suspension parts, for example, with the European Maxima.

    But do people buy Skyline to save money? By the way, yes. How many production cars are capable of “turning a beetle” on the asphalt without breaking the automatic transmission or differential? Are there many CV joints and gearboxes that can withstand double loads compared to standard loads without any problems? In the safety margin of factory parts, a reserve is hidden.Conjure the engine to your health – you won’t have to go through the whole car because of some extra 150 forces. Fans of dredging and drifting, here’s your weapon of victory!

    PHOTOS: ALEXANDER KULNEV AND “ALTUNING”

    Nissan almost installed a V6 on the Skyline R34 GT-R instead of RB26

    In 2007, JDM fans around the world made a splash. Nissan has shamed the legacy of the GT-R badge by installing a V6 under the R35 instead of the traditional high-powered inline-six.

    However, these furious fans did not realize that Nissan was simply fulfilling a prophecy begun almost a decade earlier with the development of the R34 GT-R.

    You see, the last of the Skyline GT-R lineup was barely equipped with the iconic and respected Nissan RB26DETT powerplant.

    Read more: What makes the R34 GT-R V-Spec N1 the perfect Skyline

    Chief Engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno and Designer Watanabe planned for the R34 to be powered by a V6 engine mounted behind the front axles for a front and mid-engined layout.

    However, this plan was abandoned because there was not enough budget to develop a V6 engine with performance worthy of the sacred GT-R badge.

    Instead, the RB26DETT, which had both R32 and R33 installed, was used again.

    Classic MOTOR : Comparison of Nissan GT-R R32, R33, R34 and R35

    During the development of the R34, Nissan – and Japan in general – was in a financial crisis, having endured seven years of what economists now call the lost decade.

    The collapse of the Nikkei 225 in 1991 and the subsequent stagnation in interest rates forced the company to refocus. Carlos Ghosn was forced to cut costs in 1999, and only three of 46 Nissan models on the domestic market made a profit; the R34 GT-R was not one of them.

    Chief Engineer R34 Mizuno-san has argued for some time that the RB26DETT engine is past its expiration date and has advocated for a completely new, lighter and more efficient V6 aluminum block engine for the R34 GT-R.

    Read more: Five facts that even the biggest GT-R botanist probably did not know

    While the development of Nissan’s V6 VQ series powertrains was already well under way, developing a high-performance version of this engine for the R34 was considered an unacceptable loss of budget.

    In 2017, R33 and R34 designer Watanabe-san told the media about the original plan, confirming that the RB26 would have been early retired if it had gotten its way.

    “The core concept of all Skylines was to provide customers with technological innovation,” he said.

    “In line with this concept for the R34, we wanted to offer a new Skyline look with a forward mid-ship layout and a V6 engine.

    “However, building the V6 engine for Skyline meant building an additional engine production line, which required a huge investment.

    “After much deliberation, we were forced to surrender.”

    History tells us that Watanabe and Mizuno will eventually fulfill their wish, but they will have to wait until 2007 with the introduction of the VR38DETT unit, which itself is an evolution of the VQ family, in the R35 GT-R.

    While the road-going V6 R34 GT-R was never built, several factory NISMO R34 GT-Rs with twin-turbo V6 engines were built – these are simply GT500 race cars.

    The same desires of engineers and designers who wanted to switch to a V6 for a road car were used to justify the race car’s abandonment of an inline-six, namely better weight balance and a lower center of gravity.

    Three R34 GT-Rs competed in the GT500 class of the 2003 All Japan Grand Touring Car Championship (which eventually became the Super GT), all powered by a VQ30DETT engine.

    In the racing configuration, the engine develops a power of over 356 kW at 5600 rpm and more than 735 Nm at 4000 rpm.

    This will be the last year for the Skyline R34 in JGTC, replaced by the Z33 350Z in 2004.

    What do you think? Should Nissan build a road-going V6 R34 GT-R?

    RB26 engine Nissan Skyline GT-R back in production

    Nissan Skyline GT-R 2.6-liter inline-6 ​​twin turbocharged engine known as RB26DETT, powered by three generations of Skyline GT-R, is respected worldwide for its ability to jump seriously.high above its weight. The engine was discontinued with the arrival of the current GT-R at the end of the last decade, but you can still buy fresh ones.

    Nissan Nismo Motorsports has been selling in-line six-cylinder engines in boxes for years, although they can be a little expensive. A fairly standard unit starts at $ 40,000.

    However, Nissan now offers major engine parts as individual units through its Nismo Heritage Parts program, allowing you to create your dream version by selecting and matching the parts you need, both standard and aftermarket.

    Nissan Skyline GT-R RB26DETT engine parts available through Nismo Heritage Parts program

    Listing includes cylinder block and head, crankshaft, gaskets, pistons, connecting rods, exhaust assembly, fuel pump assembly, wire harness and more. Nissan even offers two versions of the cylinder block. There’s a building block that starts at around $ 1,500 and can be installed on the R32, R33, and R34 GT-R generations, or you can opt for the more durable block known to fans as the N1 block that starts at around $ 3,800 and is designed.for R33 and R34.

    Nissan launched its Nismo Heritage Parts program in 2017, initially focusing on the R32 GT-R. Since then, the program has been expanded twice and now also includes parts for R33 and R34. In addition to engine parts, the latest expansion includes more R32 body panels and a wiper motor on all three generations.

    Nissan said the Nismo Heritage Parts program will continue to expand as the GT-R community receives feedback on in-demand components.Now, we just need someone to put the RB26DETT in the current R35 GT-R so that it can battle the latest A90 Toyota Supra with a 2JZ replacement.

    Overview

    Nissan Skyline R34 | Top Gear

    Nissan Skyline R34 GT-R (1999-2002). The fifth and final of the Skyline GT-R (the R35 lacks the Skyline part of the name), an example of a generation that has grown up with models such as the Gran Turismo , Fast & Furious and a host of other digital dreams. A wicked-looking four-seater coupe so full of Japanese technical brilliance that it could show lap times that belied its apparent lack of power.

    The flaw was addressed in a hurry by a host of tuners who – fueled by the ’32 and ’33 models – knew that the base GT-R package was fertile ground for acceleration and trickery. And over the years, as with every GT-R generation, there have been some monsters getting involved with specials – 400bhp. with undefined map change, 5-600 with some relatively minor internals, 800-1000 hp and start forging things and messing with the lone monsters.

    The base car is still impressive. The legendary inline-six RB26DETT twin-turbocharged 2.6-liter (2.8 in some variants) apparently delivered 276 bhp at the factory, although in fact, this rarely happened. Most of them have been tested in the 330hp range, although no one has ever officially acknowledged anything, so perhaps the horses were simply bred on a ship from Japan.

    Many interesting cuts, including Super-HICAS all-wheel drive, ATTESA E-TS (Advanced Total Traction Engineering System for All-Terrain) all-wheel drive and limited slip differential at both ends, with rear-wheel drive active on V-Spec vehicles.It’s a six-speed manual gearbox, now relatively small compared to a modern gearbox, full of mood.

    It is also a car that carries a load of anticipation, largely sparked by the rave reviews of the modern automotive press, a technological marvel that in the late 90s and early 2000s could surpass supercars for a third of the price.

    It was also one of the first cars to actually adopt the ‘special edition’ marketing model that many supercar manufacturers have since adopted, spawning many versions of the Nismo (Nissan Motorsport), V (Victory) and M-Spec (Mizuno, the main engineer), Z-Tune, Nür (Nürburgring) and others, including many vehicles for specific markets.It also has a long and illustrious history in motorsport, from touring cars to Pikes Peak, drag to drift. It’s kind of like a hero.

    Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) 320 HP

    Specifications Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) 320 hp

    Other technical information on the engine
    Engine torque reserve ˜ 16%
    Power density ˜ 0.62 kW / cm²
    Total bore area ˜ 348.4 cm²
    Average effective brake pressure ˜ 18.8 bar
    Average effective pressure ˜ 17.5 bar
    Average piston speed ˜16.7 m / s
    Motor optimization ˜ 70%

    Front-to-forward Engine 6 cylinders in a row 2568 cm³ 24 valves 2 turbochargers
    Power: 320 hp (235 kW / 316 hp) @ 6800 rpm (max.8000 rpm)
    Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) 320 hp -> https://zeperfs.com/en/fiche265-nissan-skyline-gt-r.htm 85.249.25.45
    Torque: 384 Nm (39.2 μg / 283 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm (~ 241 hp)
    Gear ratios: 125 hp / l (92 kW / l) – 150 Nm / l

    Transmission: four-wheel drive + limited slip differential
    Transmission: mechanical, 6 gears
    Tires: 245/40 / 18
    Brakes Front: Ventilated discs (324 mm)
    Rear brakes: Ventilated discs (300 mm)

    Dimensions: 181.1 x 70.3 x 53.5 inches
    Wheelbase: 104.9 inches – Track: Front 58.3 inches / Rear 58.7 inches

    Declared Weight: 1540 kg / 3395 lb (DIN) 1615 kg (EU)
    Weight (EU): 1660 kg / 3660 lb (heaviest, tested running condition)
    Weight / Power Ratio: 5 , 2 kg / hp = 11.6 lb / hp = 142 kW / t
    Torque / weight ratio: 231 Nm / t

    Fuel Consumption: 14.4 L / 100 (16.3 mpg) Economy – Sport 22 L / 100 (10.7 mpg)

    Estimated base price: ~ € 89,000

    Launch year 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, end of production

    The

    Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) has a six-cylinder in-line turbocharged longitudinal-front engine that delivers a maximum torque of 384 Nm at 4400 rpm and a maximum power output of 320 hp.with. at 6800 rpm, transmitted to 18-inch all-wheel drive via a 6-speed manual transmission. …

    If the specification seems to be wrong, please inform us

    Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) 320 HP

    Performance Nissan Skyline Gt-R (R34) 320 PS

    17 results returned from 1 Source: Echappement

    Max. Real speed
    Limit 180 km / h

    250 km / h
    ~ 265 km / h without stop

    1 value

    13.3 sec. declared

    1.1 ‡ 8.2.1s.

    1 value

    km

    1.25.0, 0.1.1s.

    1 value

    0 to 100 km / h 4.9 s. declared

    3.5, 4, 0.2.3 s.

    1 value

    from 0 to 200 km / h 22.1 s. declared

    3.20.9, 0.3.3s.

    1 value

    Flexibility

    80 to 120 inches 5

    5.8, 3, 1.5 sec.

    1 value

    80 to 120 inches 6

    5.1 ‡ ‚9, 1.5 sec.

    1 value

    80 to 150 inches 5

    5.1 ‡ ‚5, 1.4.5 s.

    1 value

    80 to 150 inches 6

    5.21.7, 1.4.5s.

    1 value

    140 to 160 in 5

    6, ‚7, 2.3.6 sec.

    1 value

    140 to 160 in 6

    6.5 ‘2, 2.3.6 sec.

    1 value

    140 to 200 inches 5

    6.12.1, 2.4.6s.

    1 value

    140 to 200 inches 6

    6.19.7, 2.5.6 s.

    1 value

    400 m from 50 inches 4

    7.14.8, 2.8.7s.

    1 value

    km from 50 out of 4

    7.26.5, 3.1.7s.

    1 value

    Braking

    130 to 0

    12.66.0 m.

    1 value

    160 to 0

    12.96.00 m.

    1 value

    km / h as default unit

    Fastest lap times on tracks

    Real speed measurements implying differences from what can be seen on the vehicle speedometer.

    Crazy Nissan R34 finally completed the

    engine

    Adam LZ pays attention to small details that you never thought of in this video.

    Adam LZ is one of the most popular American car youtubers on the video platform. He joined us in February 2013 and has 2.98 million subscribers at the time of writing. Adam describes himself as just chasing the dream of building as many cool cars and driving as many tracks as possible! One of his most recent videos shows him finishing work on the stunning Nissan R34 Skyline, arguably one of the greatest JDM classic cars ever made.So what’s so great about Skyline?

    Godzilla

    The

    Skyline R34 was the fifth generation of the Nissan Skyline GT-R range, first hitting the scene in 1999 and being produced until August 2002, with more than 11,500 of these vehicles being manufactured. And they became legendary for their performance. They were powered by 2.6 or 2.8 liter Inline-6 ​​twin turbocharged engines, and power was transmitted to all four wheels. What made the R34 and other Skyline models so popular is how good they are for modding, which is superbly demonstrated in Adam LZ’s video here.

    RELATED: We Can’t Stop Looking At These Amazingly Modified Nissan Z Cars

    Adam had been tuning this car for a while and it was about putting the finishing touches on the modified car engine and getting everything up and running, but there were a few problems. While examining the valve covers of the car, he noticed that there was a lot of orange peel on the paintwork of the covers. They are powder coated, which may have contributed to the problem.

    What else then?

    via YouTube

    What else has been done with the machine? Well, it was fitted with Plasma Man intake manifolds, which look absolutely amazing, but they couldn’t get a titanium flange to match the plasma clamp on the manifolds. This video probably shows you some details that you haven’t seen before. Perhaps, first of all, how difficult it is to get the perfect modifications to suit any particular vehicle.

    Source: YouTube

    NEXT: 10 Forgotten Facts About the Jaguar XFR-S

    Alpine Introduces A110 Racing Cars in F1 Team Color

    About the author


    Henry Kelsall
    (1031 articles published)

    Covers everything from JDM cars to WWII cars.Has been working at HotCars since autumn 2018.

    More From Henry Kelsall

    Nissan Skyline R32 R33 R34 GTR Engine Block, RB26DETT Bare – Terra Firma Automotive

    New original factory RB26 cylinder block ready for your R32, R33 or R34 GTR. This is a brand new in the box Nissan, an original no-hole assembly used in almost all production GTRs and V-Specs until the end of production. This does not include N1 cars, but we have those blocks too! Factory blocks are properly molded 05U and ready to fit into your assembly.

    GTR

    Market

    years

    Brand

    Model

    Submodel

    Note

    Engine

    Chassis

    Trans

    Speed ​​

    Door

    JDM

    1989

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenki Start 8.1989

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1990

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenki

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1991

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenka’s End 8.1991

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1991

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Chuki Start 8.1991

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1992

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Chuki

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1993

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Chuki End 2.1993

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1993

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki Start 2.1993

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1994

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki End 12.1994

    RB26DETT

    BNR32

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1995

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenki Start 1.1995

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1996

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenki End 1.1996

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1996

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Chuki Start 1.1996

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1997

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Chuki End 2.1997

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1997

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki Start 2.1997

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1998

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki End 11.1998

    RB26DETT

    BCNR33

    MT

    5

    2

    JDM

    1999

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenki Start 1.1999

    RB26DETT

    BNR34

    MT

    6

    2

    JDM

    2000

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Zenka’s End 7.2000

    RB26DETT

    BNR34

    MT

    6

    2

    JDM

    2000

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki Start 8.2000

    RB26DETT

    BNR34

    MT

    6

    2

    JDM

    2001

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki

    RB26DETT

    BNR34

    MT

    6

    2

    JDM

    2002

    Nissan

    Skyline

    GT-R

    Kouki End 8.2002

    RB26DETT

    BNR34

    MT

    6

    2

    R34 GTR Nissan Skyline | Specifications, Pictures & Information

    The

    Nissan Skyline GTR R34 has gone through 11 years of competitive racing and extensive testing to create one of the best racing coupes on the market.

    The

    R33 he replaced was a great car, but the R34 GTR is much more advanced in all areas.Under the hood are twin ceramic intercooled turbochargers that effectively eliminate turbocharging. Inline six-cylinder RB26DETT 2568cc Cm retains 280 horsepower. at 6800 rpm replaced by R33. It also has better power and more torque than its predecessor. In addition, the body of the R34 has become stiffer and the car’s aerodynamics have been improved.

    The R34 engine retains the general layout of a straight six-cylinder configuration with two overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder and two turbochargers.As before, the throttle chamber has six separate throttle valves (one per cylinder) that isolate each engine cylinder from the rest and act as six separate single cylinder engines. Power is supplied through a new Getrag six-speed gearbox with a close ratio.

    Nissan all-wheel drive system with electronic control “ATTESA-E-TS PRO” is specially designed for use both on the road and on the racetrack. Most other four-wheel drive systems are designed for SUVs or rally cars.The system was developed for higher speed road use, it has a number of sensors and two centrally controlled multi-plate wet clutches to optimize the distribution of torque between the front and rear axles. It eliminates understeer and provides optimal traction and stability when accelerating, braking and cornering.

    The

    Nissan Skyline R34 GTR has reduced weight in many areas. Made from light alloy wheels that save over 7.7kg, the rear diffuser is now made from lightweight carbon fiber.Up to the use of lightweight audio speakers. In addition, a new type of aluminum has been used for the front fenders and bonnet, saving about 1 kg compared to the bonnets of previous models.

    Images

    Specifications

    price 89 500 USD
    engine RB26DETT Water Cooled Inline-6 ​​
    item Front longitudinal
    aspiration Twin Turbo
    valve actuator Belt drive DOHC, 4 valves / cylinder
    Displacement 2568 ccCm / 156.7 cu in
    bore 86 mm / 3.39 in.
    Stroke 73.3 mm / 2.89 in
    compression 8.5: 1
    capacity 205.8 kW / 276.0 HP at 6800 rpm
    power density 107.48 HP per liter
    HPwith. / weight
    torque 293.0 Nm / 216.1 ft-lb @ 4400 rpm
    Red Line 8000
    Drive wheels Full Time 4WD
    Front tires 245 / 40W 18
    rear tires 245 / 40W 18
    front brakes Brembro ventilated discs with 4-piston calipers, vacuum booster and ABS
    rear brakes Ventilated discs with 2-piston calipers
    Brake size 324 mm / 12.8 in 90,022
    r brake size 300 mm / 11.8 in.
    steering Rack and pinion with power amplifier
    f suspension MacPherson struts with additional link, lower A-arms, coil spring
    r suspension Mulitlink Tuning with Coil Spring, Shock Absorbers, Anti Roll Bar
    Weight 1666 kg / 3673 lb
    wheelbase 2665 mm / 104.9 in 90,022
    front track 1480 mm / 58.3 in.
    Rear track 1490 mm / 58.7 in.
    Length 4600 mm / 181.1 in
    width 1785 mm / 70.

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