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6 Foods and 3 Supplements That Prevent UTIs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are painful, disruptive and all too common: More than half of adult women have had a UTI, and many have several recurrences every year. It happens when bacteria travel into the urethra, the duct through which urine passes; women are more susceptible because the urethra is shorter than in men, but guys can get them too. Left untreated, UTIs can have serious complications, including recurrent infections, urethral narrowing and kidney damage. While UTIs may not be completely avoidable, dietary choices can reduce your risk. Focus on anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and immune-boosting meals, drink plenty of water and try these six foods to ward off bacteria and protect your insides.

Cranberry Juice

Cranberry juice may help prevent UTIs by keeping bacteria from adhering to the lining of the urinary tract. Though research is mixed, many studies show cranberry juice can decrease the recurrence of UTIs. A recent meta-analysis of seven clinical trials in healthy women found cranberry reduced the risk of developing a UTI by 26%. Because most cranberry juice drinks are loaded with sugar, stick to cranberry concentrates and mix them with water, or use the whole fruit.

Try this: Sweeten cranberry juice concentrate with a little honey or stevia then mix with cherry juice, sparkling water and a squeeze of lime; chop whole cranberries in a food processor then combine with minced red onion, mango cubes, cilantro and a squeeze of lime for a zesty salsa.

See Also Fiery Cranberry Sauce Recipe

Broccoli

Broccoli is high in vitamin C, which helps make the urine more acidic and hampers the growth of bacteria that cause UTIs. In one study of pregnant women, those who took vitamin C had a significantly lower risk of developing a UTI. And vitamin C boosts immune function overall, helping the body’s resistance to infection. Other foods high in vitamin C: bell peppers, leafy greens, strawberries, Brussels sprouts and oranges.

Try this: Grate broccoli stems and combine with shredded carrots and red cabbage, thinly sliced scallions and a dressing of yogurt, honey and apple cider vinegar; toss broccoli florets with olive oil, garlic and Kalamata olives and roast.

See Also Riced Broccoli Buddah Bowl with Herbed Chicken recipe

Cinnamon

Cinnamon has long been used for its antibacterial properties; it’s rich in compounds that reduce inflammation and hamper the growth of bacteria and other pathogens. Some studies show cinnamon compounds prevent the colonization of E. coli, the bacteria that’s responsible for most UTIs, in the bladder and urethra, and because it’s an anti-inflammatory, it may also ease some of the discomfort associated with UTIs.

Try: Simply Organic Ground Cinnamon

Try this: Combine cinnamon sticks, sliced ginger, cardamom pods and vanilla bean in a pot of water, simmer for 10 minutes and strain for caffeine-free chai; mix ground cinnamon into raw honey and coconut oil and use instead of butter on pancakes or toast.

See Also Cinnamon Collagen Milk Recipe

Papaya

Papaya, like broccoli, is loaded with vitamin C to support immune function and increase the acidity of urine, hampering bacterial growth. It’s also rich in carotenoids like beta-carotene and lycopene, antioxidants with powerful immune-boosting properties. Some studies show carotenoids from papaya are three times more bioavailable than carotenoids from carrots or tomatoes. Sweet potatoes, mangos and leafy greens are also high in carotenoids.

Try this: Combine chopped papaya with pineapple, coconut and mint for an easy tropical salad; cook papayas in coconut milk with onions, garlic and curry powder, purée into a creamy soup and top with chopped basil.

See Also 7 Nutrients That Improve Your Vision

Kefir

Kefir, a beverage made from fermented milk, is rich in probiotics, beneficial bacteria that may help prevent UTIs by keeping harmful bacteria from growing in the vagina, where they can migrate to the urinary tract and cause infections. Studies suggest probiotics help protect against UTIs and prevent their recurrence; they’ve also been shown to reduce inflammation and support the immune system’s ability to fight infection. Other good sources of probiotics: yogurt, sauerkraut and kimchi.

Try this: Purée kefir, papaya, cardamom and honey in a blender for a traditional lassi; combine kefir, quick oats, chia seeds, vanilla and cinnamon and let stand until thick for easy, no-cook oats.

See Also The Best Fermented Foods for Your Gut

Garlic

Garlic is high in allicin and other compounds that have antibacterial and antimicrobial activities and enhance immune function. It has been shown to protect against a variety of bacteria, including E. coli, and studies suggest it can be an effective treatment for recurring UTIs. In one study, garlic extract had more antibacterial activity against UTI pathogens than commonly used drugs. Because allicin is easily damaged by heat, raw garlic is the most effective.

Try this: Press whole garlic cloves in a garlic press, add to olive oil and drizzle over cooked vegetables; finely mince garlic and whisk with minced ginger, miso paste, rice vinegar and sesame oil for an easy Asian dressing.

See Also Gung-Ho For Garlic

Photo by Ronald Tsang

SUPPLEMENTS TO BEAT UTIs

D-MANNOSE, a sugar that occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables, may help prevent UTIs. A number of studies have shown that D-mannose can inhibit the adhesion of bacteria to cells in the urinary tract, binding to them and then allowing them to be eliminated via urination. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial has shown that 2 grams per day of D-mannose was superior to a placebo and as effective as the antibiotic nitrofurantoin in preventing UTIs. In another study, D-mannose reduced UTI symptoms in women with an active infection and was more effective than antibiotics for preventing infections.

CRANBERRY SUPPLEMENTS, made from powdered cranberry juice, contain proanthocyanidins (PACs), antioxidants that have been shown to inhibit adherence of E. coli, the bacteria most commonly linked to UTIs, to cells lining the urinary tract. Several reviews have found cranberry products significantly reduced the incidence of UTIs after 12 months compared with a placebo in women with recurrent infections, and some studies show cranberry can decrease recurrences by 30 to 40% in premenopausal women with recurrent UTIs. And while some studies show prophylactic antibiotics are slightly more effective than cranberry capsules, they also found antibiotics had more adverse effects, including the risk of antimicrobial resistance and infection from C. difficile or fungi. While dosages varied, most studies used 500 milligrams cranberry fruit powder per day.

PROBIOTICS, beneficial bacteria that prevent the overgrowth of pathogens, may protect against UTIs. Studies suggest certain Lactobacilli strains interfere with the adherence, growth and colonization of pathogenic bacteria and restore healthy bacteria in the urogenital tract. In one study, women who used a vaginal suppository containing Lactobacillus strains had significantly fewer UTIs. Researchers believe oral probiotics also hold promise, since they don’t lead to antibiotic resistance or overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria.

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Urinary Tract Infections | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Urinary tract infections or UTIs are infections in any part of the urinary tract. They are a common health problem that affects millions of people each year. Women are especially prone to UTIs.

A UTI may affect any part of the urinary tract causing:

  • Urethritis. This is an infection of the urethra, the hollow tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
  • Cystitis. This is an infection in the bladder from germs that have moved up from the urethra.
  • Pyelonephritis. This infection of the kidneys is most often a result of an infection that has spread up the urinary tract, or from a blockage in the urinary tract. A blockage causes urine to back up into the ureters and kidneys.
  • Abscess. A collection of pus along the course of the urinary tract is called an abscess.

What causes urinary tract infections?

Normal urine is sterile and contains fluids, salts, and waste products. It does not contain bacteria, viruses, or fungi. A UTI occurs when germs, most often bacteria from the digestive tract, get into the opening of the urethra and start to multiply.

Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, which normally live in the colon.

What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?

These are the most common symptoms of a UTI:

  • Frequent urination
  • Pain or burning when passing urine
  • Fever
  • Urine looks dark, cloudy, or reddish in color (blood may be present in the urine)
  • Urine smells bad
  • Feeling pain even when not urinating
  • Tiredness
  • Pain in the back or side, below the ribs
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Despite an strong urge to urinate, only a small amount of urine is passed
  • Women may feel an uncomfortable pressure above the pubic bone

The symptoms of UTI may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always see a health care provider for a diagnosis.

How are urinary tract infections diagnosed?

Your doctor will review your medical history and do a physical exam. Other tests may include:

  • Urinalysis. Lab testing of urine is done to check for various cells and chemicals, such as red and white blood cells, germs (like bacteria), or a lot of protein.

If UTIs become a repeated problem, other tests may be used to see if the urinary tract is normal. These tests may include:

  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP). This is a series of X-rays of the kidney, ureters (the two tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), and bladder. It uses a contrast dye injected into a vein. This can be used to find tumors, structural abnormalities, kidney stones, or blockages. It also checks blood flow in the kidneys.
  • Cystoscopy. In this test, a thin, flexible tube and viewing device is put in through the urethra to examine the bladder and other parts of the urinary tract. Structural changes or blockages, such as tumors or stones can be found.
  • Kidney and bladder ultrasound. This imaging test uses high-frequency sound waves to make images of the bladder and the kidneys on a computer screen. The test is used to determine the size and shape of the bladder and the kidneys, and check for a mass, kidney stone(s), cysts, or other blockages or abnormalities.

How are urinary tract infections treated?

Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment based on:

  • How old you are
  • Your overall health and medical history
  • How sick you are
  • How well you can handle specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • How long the condition is expected to last
  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment for UTIs may include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Other medications to ease pain
  • Heat (such as heating pad) to ease pain

You may also need to make lifestyle changes such as:

  • Drinking plenty of water to help wash bacteria out of the urinary tract
  • Avoiding coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods
  • Quitting smoking

Can urinary tract infections be prevented?

These steps may help reduce the chance of getting UTIs:

  • Drink plenty of water every day.
  • Drink cranberry juice. Large amounts of vitamin C limit the growth of some bacteria by acidifying the urine. Vitamin C supplements have the same effect.
  • Urinate when you feel the need. Do not wait.
  • Females, wipe from front to back to keep bacteria around the anus from going in the vagina or urethra.
  • Take showers instead of tub baths.
  • Clean the genital area before and after sex, and urinate shortly after sex.
  • Women should not use feminine hygiene sprays or scented douches.
  • Cotton underwear and loose fitting clothes help keep the area around the urethra dry. Tight clothes and nylon underwear trap moisture. This can help bacteria grow.
  • Repeated bouts of urinary tract infections can be treated with small doses of regular antibiotics.

Please consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have about UTIs.

Key points about urinary tract infections

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common health problem that affects millions of people each year. These infections can affect any part of the urinary tract.
  • Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, which normally live in the colon.
  • The most common symptoms of UTIs include changes in urination such as frequency, pain, or burning; urine looks dark, cloudy, or red and smells bad; back or side pain; nausea/vomiting; and fever.
  • Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. Other treatments may include pain relievers, and drinking plenty of water to help wash bacteria out of the urinary tract.
  • Other things that can be done may help reduce the likelihood of developing UTIs.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:

  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the names of new medicines, treatments, or tests, and any new instructions your provider gives you.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.


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FDA Announces Qualified Health Claim for Certain Cranberry Products and Urinary Tract Infections

Constituent Update

July 21, 2020

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today in a letter of enforcement discretion that it does not intend to object to the use of certain qualified health claims regarding consuming certain cranberry products and a reduced risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women.  

The FDA responded to a health claim petition submitted on behalf of Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.  The petition requested that the FDA authorize a health claim regarding the relationship between the consumption of cranberry products and the reduced risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women.  A health claim characterizes the relationship between a substance and a disease or health-related condition.   

After reviewing the petition and other evidence related to the proposed health claim, the FDA determined that the scientific evidence supporting the claim did not meet the “significant scientific agreement” standard required for an authorized health claim, and the petitioner agreed to have the petition evaluated as a qualified health claim petition.   

Based on the FDA’s review, the agency concluded that there is limited and inconsistent credible scientific evidence to support a qualified health claim for the consumption of cranberry juice beverages and limited credible scientific evidence to support a qualified health claim for the consumption of cranberry dietary supplements and a reduced risk of recurrent UTI in healthy women.  Specifically, the FDA intends to exercise its enforcement discretion regarding claims for the association between  consumption of cranberry juice beverages containing at least 27 percent cranberry juice (most commercially available cranberry cocktails contain this amount) and cranberry dietary supplements containing at least 500 milligrams (mg) of cranberry fruit powder (100% fruit) and a reduced risk of recurrent UTI.  The claims do not include other conventional foods or food products made from or containing cranberries, such as dried cranberries or cranberry sauce.  

The following qualified health claims are included in the FDA’s letter of enforcement discretion: 

For cranberry juice beverages 

  • “Limited and inconsistent scientific evidence shows that by consuming one serving (8 oz) each day of a cranberry juice beverage, healthy women who have had a urinary tract infection (UTI) may reduce their risk of recurrent UTI.” 
  • “Consuming one serving (8 oz) each day of a cranberry juice beverage may help reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women. FDA has concluded that the scientific evidence supporting this claim is limited and inconsistent.” 
  • “Consuming one serving (8 oz) each day of [this identified cranberry juice beverage] may help reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women. FDA has concluded that the scientific evidence supporting this claim is limited and inconsistent. ” 

For cranberry dietary supplements 

  • “Limited scientific evidence shows that by consuming 500 mg each day of cranberry dietary supplement, healthy women who have had a urinary tract infection (UTI) may reduce their risk of recurrent UTI.” 
  • “Consuming 500 mg each day of cranberry dietary supplement may help reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women. FDA has concluded that there is limited scientific evidence supporting this claim.”  
  • “Consuming 500 mg [X capsules/tablets/soft gels] each day of [this identified cranberry dietary supplement] may help reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy women. FDA has concluded that there is limited scientific evidence supporting this claim.”  

For More Information 

  • Content current as of:

Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections

1. Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Cranberry facts and pointers. Accessed online October 14, 2004, at: http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsaf/elibrary/ archive/hort/berrycrops/cranberry/cranfact.htm….

2. Siciliano AA. Cranberry. HerbalGram 1996;38:51–4. Accessed online October 14, 2004, at: www.herbalgram.org/iherb/herbalgram/articleview.asp?a=1222.

3. Robbers JE, Tyler VE. Tyler’s Herbs of choice: the therapeutic use of phytomedicinals. New York: Haworth Herbal Press, 1999.

4. Sobota AE.
Inhibition of bacterial adherence by cranberry juice: potential use for the treatment of urinary tract infections. J Urol.
1984;131:1013–6.

5. Schmidt DR,
Sobota AE.
An examination of the anti-adherence activity of cranberry juice on urinary and non-urinary bacterial isolates. Microbios.
1988;55:173–81.

6. Zafriri D,
Ofek I,
Adar R,
Pocino M,
Sharon N.
Inhibitory activity of cranberry juice on adherence of type 1 and type P fimbriated Escherichia coli to eucaryotic cells. Antimicrob Agents Chemother.
1989;33:92–8.

7. Ofek I,
Goldhar J,
Zafriri D,
Lis H,
Adar R,
Sharon N.
Anti-Escherichia coli adhesin activity of cranberry and blueberry juices. N Eng J Med.
1991;324:1599.

8. Howell AB,
Vorsa N,
Der Marderosian A,
Foo LY.
Inhibition of the adherence of P-fimbriated Escherichia coli to uroepithelial-cell surfaces by proanthocyanidin extracts from cranberries. N Engl J Med.
1998;339:1085–6.

9. Schaeffer AJ.
Recurrent urinary tract infection in the female patient. Urology.
1988;32(suppl 3):12–5.

10. Foxman B,
Barlow R,
D’Arcy H,
Gillespie B,
Sobel JD.
Urinary tract infection: self-reported incidence and associated costs. Ann Epidemiol.
2000;10:509–15.

11. Jepson RG,
Mihaljevic L,
Craig J.
Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
2004;(3):CD001322.

12. Avorn J,
Monane M,
Gurwitz JH,
Glynn RJ,
Choodnovskiy I,
Lipsitz LA.
Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria after ingestion of cranberry juice. JAMA.
1994;271:751–4.

13. Haverkorn MJ,
Mandigers J.
Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria using cranberry juice. JAMA.
1994;272:590.

14. Walker EB,
Barney DP,
Mickelsen JN,
Walton RJ,
Mickelsen RA Jr.
Cranberry concentrate: UTI prophylaxis. J Fam Pract.
1997;45:167–8.

15. Schlager TA,
Anderson S,
Trudell J,
Hendley JO.
Effect of cranberry juice on bacteriuria in children with neurogenic bladder receiving intermittent catheterization. J Pediatr.
1999;135:698–702.

16. Foda MM,
Middlebrook PF,
Gatfield CT,
Potvin G,
Wells G,
Schillinger JF.
Efficacy of cranberry in prevention of urinary tract infection in a susceptible pediatric population. Can J Urol.
1995;2:98–102.

17. Jepson RG,
Mihaljevic L,
Craig J.
Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
2004;(3):CD001321.

18. Kontiokari T,
Sundqvist K,
Nuutinen M,
Pokka T,
Koskela M,
Uhari M.
Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. BMJ.
2001;322:1571.

19. Stothers L.
A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women. Can J Urol.
2002;9:1558–62.

20. Weiss EI,
Lev-Dor R,
Kashamn Y,
Goldhar J,
Sharon N,
Ofek I.
Inhibiting interspecies coaggregation of plaque bacteria with a cranberry juice constituent [Published corrections appear in J Am Dent Assoc 1999;130:36 and 1999;130:332]. J Am Dent Assoc.
1998;129:1719–23.

21. Swartz JH,
Medrek TF.
Antifungal properties of cranberry juice. Appl Microbiol.
1968;16:1524–7.

22. Cipollini ML,
Stiles EW.
Antifungal activity of ripe ericaceous fruits: phenolic-acid interactions and palatability for dispersers. Biochem Syst Ecol.
1992;20:501–14.

23. Saltzman JR,
Kemp JA,
Golner BB,
Pedrosa MC,
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Effect of hypochlorhydria due to omeprazole treatment or atrophic gastritis on protein-bound vitamin B12 absorption. J Am Coll Nutr.
1994;13:584–91.

24. Terris MK,
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Dietary supplementation with cranberry concentrate tablets may increase the risk of nephrolithiasis. Urology.
2001;57:26–9.

Treat and Prevent UTIs Without Drugs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are infections anywhere along the urinary tract including the bladder and kidneys, are the second most common type of infection in the United States. (1) These infections can be caused by poor hygiene, impaired immune function, the overuse of antibiotics, the use of spermicides, and sexual intercourse. The most common cause, accounting for about 90 percent of all cases, is the transfer of E. coli bacteria from the intestinal tract to the urinary tract.

For those of you who have experienced a UTI, there isn’t much you wouldn’t do to avoid another one. While I personally have never had a UTI, my patients have told me how the pain, burning, nausea, and even bloody urine can be debilitating, and for those who get chronic UTIs, the fear of infection can be enough to prevent engagement in any activities that could trigger one. And for those who get them frequently, sometimes a specific cause cannot even be pinpointed. This can be frustrating and scary.

Fortunately, there are a few methods of natural treatment and prevention that have worked extremely well for my patients, to the point where they no longer worry about getting a UTI. These treatments don’t require a prescription, are inexpensive, and completely drug-free. While your doctor may not know about them, I hope this article will help you completely avoid UTIs – or at least significantly reduce their frequency and severity.

Standard Treatment

Doctors typically use antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, and the type and duration depend on your health condition and the type of bacterium found in your urine. (2) Commonly prescribed antibiotics are Bactrim, Amoxicillin, Ampicilin, and Cipro. These antibiotics are often unnecessary and may cause more problems in the future by destroying the beneficial bacteria that prevents pathogenic bacteria from growing. Long term use of antibiotics can also lead to antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria like E. coli developing in the gut, and a UTI caused by these bacteria will be even more challenging to eliminate and can cause more serious infections like a bladder or kidney infection.

Furthermore, antibiotics do very little to prevent the infection from happening in the first place. So while drugs may be an easy fix for the short term, in the long run you will continue to be susceptible to UTIs, and these infections may be worse than if you had never taken a course of antibiotics in the first place!

Natural Treatment and Prevention

D-Mannose

D-Mannose is by far the most effective supplement for both treatment and prevention of UTIs. Similar to glucose in structure, D-mannose is a naturally occurring sugar that is found in a number of fruits, including apples, blueberries, and cranberries. (3) This sugar is the reason that cranberry juice has been commonly recommended as a UTI treatment, though it is far easier to get the recommended dosage from a supplement. D-mannose is effective because it attaches to E. coli bacteria, causing them to stick to each other and preventing them from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract. (4) The bacteria can then easily be eliminated from the body during urination.

D-mannose, even in large quantities, does not cause any adverse side effects, and cannot be metabolized the way other sugars can, meaning this supplement is safe for diabetics and others who are avoiding sugar for any reason. This treatment is also safe for children and the elderly. Symptom relief can be seen as quickly as the following day, and most symptoms are generally resolved after 48 hours of treatment. Additionally, taking D-mannose during a time where you feel you are most prone to UTIs, such as prior to intercourse or during prolonged antibiotic treatment, can help prevent a UTI from ever developing in the first place. This is especially helpful for those who are prone to chronic UTIs and want to be able to engage in normal life activities without fear of infection.

The typical dose of D-mannose for UTI treatment is 500 mg, in capsule or powder form, taken in a glass of water or juice every two to three hours for five days. It is a good practice to continue taking the supplement even after symptoms have diminished to ensure complete elimination of the bacteria in the urinary tract. This dose can also be taken as a preventative, or prophylactic, method.

While there have not been any peer reviewed research to support the effectiveness of D-mannose in treating or preventing UTIs, clinical and anecdotal experience suggests it is highly effective for the majority of infections, both acute and chronic. Some of my patients who have used D-mannose as a UTI treatment method have even described its effects as “miraculous” – so it’s definitely worth a shot!

Alternative Treatments for Chronic UTIs

One caveat with D-mannose is that it is only effective with UTIs caused by E. coli infection. While this accounts for about 90% of cases, there are 10% that will not benefit from this treatment. In this case, supplements that help disrupt biofilms can be useful in treating and preventing UTIs.

Biofilms are an accumulation of microorganisms and their extracellular products forming structured communities attached to a surface such as the lining of the urogenital tract. (5) The development of a biofilm can make infections extremely hard to treat, since they commonly return shortly after treatment is stopped. The antibacterial resistance of pathogenic biofilms is one of the major reasons why those who get a UTI are highly susceptible to getting more in the future – if the biofilm is not completely eliminated, the infection will eventually return at some point.

This is why the use of biofilm disruptors can be helpful for preventing the recurrence of chronic UTIs. (6) The biofilm disruptors that I recommend to my patients are InterFase Plus from Klaire Labs or Biofilm Defense from Kirkman. These contain specialized enzymes to disrupt the biofilm matrix embedding potential of pathogens, and dissolve the sugar and fibrin components of most pathogenic biofilms. By destroying the biofilms, the recurrence of UTIs despite proper hygiene can be reduced. (7)

Lauricidin is another supplement that may be helpful in treating UTIs, particularly those that are caused by bacteria other than E. coli. Lauricidin (a proprietary form of monolaurin) has anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial activity, and is specific against pathogenic bacteria so it won’t disrupt beneficial bacteria in the gut. It is highly effective at combating gram positive bacteria in the families of Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Listeria, Bacillus, and Clostridium. (8) It works by disturbing the integrity of the bacterial cell membrane, blocking replication and making it easier for the immune system to destroy the pathogen. Lauricidin is only helpful, however, for UTIs not caused by E. coli, which is gram negative and has a different kind of outer cell membrane than gram positive bacteria.

Nattokinase from Source Naturals is another enzyme that has been shown to dissolve biofilms. (9) Produced by the bacteria found in the fermented food natto, this enzyme is proteolytic and can help break down the fibrin proteins that maintain the structure of biofilms. Because of its fibrin-breaking ability, it’s important that nattokinase supplements are not taken by people with bleeding disorders, or by people who are taking Coumadin (warfarin), aspirin, or any other drug that influences blood clotting, unless supervised by a physician.

Apolactoferrin (or lactoferrin) is one more supplement that I recommend to my patients with recurring UTIs. This multifunctional protein Lactoferrin is a component of the immune system with antimicrobial activity, and is part of the innate defense, mainly found in secretions and mucosal surfaces. (10) Lactoferrin has been shown to block pathogenic biofilm development by binding to iron and causing the bacteria to “wander” across surfaces instead of forming cell clusters and biofilms. (11, 12) One study found that the amount of E. coli bacteria in the kidneys and bladder of mice was significantly reduced 24 hours later by oral lactoferrin treatment, compared to a control group. (13) More research is necessary to demonstrate the effectiveness of lactoferrin in treating UTIs, but I believe it is worth trying, especially if dealing with chronic UTIs.

Vitamin C For UTI: Does It Work?

Is taking vitamin C for UTI beneficial, harmful or neither? Vitamin C is a familiar dietary supplement for known reasons, however, the question of whether it can also treat UTI comes up often and should be addressed.

This article will mainly focus on the science behind vitamin C for UTI in terms of its potential to resolve symptoms. But we’ll also briefly cover why it’s important for sufferers of recurrent UTI to choose the right type of vitamin C supplement (if it’s necessary at all).

Article Quick Links

  • What do we know about vitamin C for UTI? >>>>
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  • How much vitamin C should you take for UTI? >>>>

Vitamin C made it into our list of the ten most searched UTI home remedies because it is recommended enthusiastically online.

But it’s important to remember that this enthusiasm and its popularity doesn’t necessarily mean it’s effective. It’s possible vitamin C may only be effective in some cases, by controlling symptoms and limiting infection, whilst not eliminating the pathogen causing recurrent urinary tract infections.

Often, the same people who recommend vitamin C online appear to still have symptoms that return time after time. That’s something to think about.

“I’ve tried so many home remedies for UTIs. I was taking vitamin C for a few months and it seemed to help, but the symptoms always returned, so I eventually realized it really wasn’t working!”

What Do We Know About Vitamin C For UTI?

For a start, we don’t know enough. That’s because there is a clear lack of studies into whether vitamin C for UTI treatment or prevention is beneficial.

Those studies that do exist mostly test vitamin C against a microorganism in vitro, that is, on the lab bench, and not in females with symptoms.

The largest study in humans we have found involved 110 pregnant women. Needless to say, many more rigorous studies are required with both pregnant and non-pregnant females, to provide a clearer picture of vitamin C’s place as a potential UTI home remedy.

Vitamin C As An Essential Nutrient For Chronic Infection Support

Whether vitamin C can directly help treat or prevent UTI has little impact on its role as a crucial vitamin for bodily functions.

There is an established link between vitamin C and immune system function. While a healthy vitamin C intake is essential for fighting infection, we also know that for many with inflammation in the bladder, certain types of vitamin C supplements can trigger bladder symptoms.

In speaking with recurrent UTI specialists, the primary recommendation around supplemental vitamin C (if it is required) is that it should be taken in a buffered form, to minimize possible irritation.

It’s important to ensure any vitamin C is in a buffered form. One product I like for this purpose is Ultimate Protector. In addition to its potent antioxidant properties, Ultimate Protector activates Nrf2. Several studies have demonstrated that Nrf2 contributes to the anti-inflammatory process as well as increased cysteine production (needed to make glutathione for detoxing). This is especially important for those who genetically tend to make more ammonia and less cysteine.” Ruth Kriz, APRN, Chronic UTI and Interstitial Cystitis Expert

The Science Behind Vitamin C For UTI

Before we take a closer look at the research, let’s talk about vitamin C’s role in the body in general.

Vitamin C is an important part of a healthy diet as it plays a vital role in many areas of human physiology. It is essential for tissue health and wound healing, as it’s necessary to make collagen, an important support protein.

Vitamin C is considered safe, even in the large doses often found in dietary supplements. This is because of its water solubility, which means it is readily eliminated from the body in the urine.

Because vitamin C makes it all the way to the urine, it’s believed to have the ability to act directly on the pathogens that cause UTI. This is a key part of the theory.

Vitamin C May Cause The Death Of Certain Bacteria

Many of the bacterial species that cause UTIs are known to convert nitrate into another chemical called nitrite. You might recognise this if you’ve used urine dipstick tests (which aren’t very accurate, by the way).

“I used to use those home urine dipstick tests but they always said I didn’t have a UTI because there were no nitrites in my urine. I later found out that not all UTIs cause there to be nitrites present, so I stopped using them.”

Nitrate can be ingested in the foods we eat, but it is also produced within our own bodies, so it’s not something to worry about or try to avoid.

In an acidic environment, these “nitrate-reducing” bacteria take the nitrate found in our bodies and use it to produce nitric oxide, a very reactive chemical. The creation of this reactive nitric oxide also brings about their own death.

This is where vitamin C for UTI comes in. Vitamin C, also called “ascorbic acid,” is believed to create an acidic environment, triggering the production of nitric oxide, and thereby causing the bacteria present to end their own existence.

Although this is pretty cool to think about – bacteria being responsible for their own death – UTIs are also caused by a variety of other microorganisms that are not nitrate reducing.

Many of these may show a different response to vitamin C, so without knowing which organism is causing your UTI, you can’t be sure whether vitamin C will help or hinder.

The Problems With Vitamin C For UTI

You’ll generally find that doctors can’t promote vitamin C as a UTI remedy because of the limited evidence of the studies.

Whilst vitamin C is a natural chemical, it is still a chemical, like everything else, and its use may have unknown side effects.

Because we don’t know exactly how taking vitamin C for UTI works, we also don’t know if it is truly helping, or even how safe it is in the long term.

It is possible that vitamin C only attacks particular species of bacteria, and therefore may only help in some cases. In reality, we know very little about its effect on the many other microorganisms found in the urinary tract.

This is why it’s so important to find out what’s causing your UTI.

Because of these uncertainties, we don’t know what the best dose of vitamin C is, nor how often it should be taken, let alone whether it works.

And when it comes to a chronic bladder infection, treatment with vitamin C may not be wise. Any potential benefit from the temporary relief of symptoms could be offset by other issues that arise.

What The Vitamin C Research Tells Us

Vitamin C studies:

1. In Vitro Evaluation of a New Treatment for Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Nitrate-Reducing Bacteria

2. Effects of pH, Nitrite, and Ascorbic Acid on Nonenzymatic Nitric Oxide Generation and Bacterial Growth in Urine

3. Daily intake of 100 mg ascorbic acid as urinary tract infection prophylactic agent during pregnancy

4. The influence of some amino acids, vitamins and anti-inflammatory drugs on activity of chondroitinase produced by Proteus vulgaris caused urinary tract infection

What was tested:

  • Whether the nitrate-reducing ability itself is necessary to bring about bacterial death. This was an in vitro study (not involving infection in human subjects).
  • Whether the addition of vitamin C to nitrate-reducing bacteria kills them. This was an in vitro study.
  • Whether vitamin C for urinary tract infection helps reduce symptoms and prevents positive results in urine culture tests, in pregnant women. This was done in real humans.
  • Whether vitamin C enhances the ability of a bacterium to damage the protective chemicals found in the bladder wall. This was an in vitro study using live bacteria isolated from humans.

What was found:

  • Nitrate-reducing bacteria were killed by the addition of vitamin C in vitro. Vitamin C made conditions more acidic, and this caused the production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide caused the death of these bacteria. Mutant bacteria (their nitrate-reducing genes were absent) were not vulnerable to vitamin C/acid attack.
  • Allowing the bacteria to grow in an acid-free, nitrate-rich environment before vitamin C was added, enhanced the killing.
  • Vitamin C appeared to be effective in reducing symptoms and positive results in urine culture tests, in pregnant women.
  • In one in vitro study, vitamin C appeared to increase the ability of a particular bacterium (Proteus vulgaris) to damage the bladder wall.

What you need to know:

  • The nitric oxide generating mechanism is not yet proven to occur in humans who take vitamin C for UTI.
  • Three species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus) were shown to be sensitive to vitamin C in the lab. At this point in time, there are no studies that indicate whether other microorganisms are also sensitive.
  • It is encouraging that pregnant women responded to vitamin C with reduced symptoms and fewer positive urine tests. Although this was a moderately large study (110 women), this may not apply to non-pregnant females.
  • The effect of vitamin C in enhancing the ability of Proteus vulgaris to damage the bladder wall has only been demonstrated in vitro. It is possible that vitamin C’s overall effect, within the human body, would still be beneficial, because it tends to acidify the urine and Proteus vulgaris prefers a less acid pH.

Summary of the science:

  • There is some evidence to suggest vitamin C may be an effective remedy for urinary tract infections involving nitrate-reducing bacteria.
  • Urine with a high pH (alkaline), or any other reason to suspect a Proteus vulgaris infection, may make you consider avoiding vitamin C therapy.
  • The research on vitamin C for UTI is still at its early stages.
  • Larger, more rigorous, and better controlled studies are needed on pregnant and on non-pregnant females. These should assess if, how and when vitamin C for UTI is the right choice of therapy.

How Much Vitamin C Should You Take For UTI?

If you’ve read anything in this article, you’ll already know the more important question is, ‘Should I take vitamin C for UTI at all?’

But say you are going to give it a shot – maybe you’ve had testing that has identified nitrate-reducing bacteria, or maybe you’ve been advised to try it.

What do the studies tell us and what is a safe dosage of vitamin C?

First, let’s take a look at how vitamin C the average person needs to stay healthy, then put it in the context of treatment.

Recommended Daily Intake Of Vitamin C

It’s fairly common knowledge that vitamin C is essential in the human diet. A prolonged deficiency is otherwise known as ‘scurvy.’

And no, scurvy is not limited to pirates and sailors, but it was way back in 1747 that James Lind deduced through a trial on sailors (who were very likely to suffer from it), that oranges and lemons treated this mysterious illness.

It wasn’t until 1933 that the chemical structure for vitamin C was identified, and since then science has come a long way in discovering the benefits of it.

The National Academy of Sciences (USA) and the NIH suggest the following Recommended Daily Amount (RDA) of vitamin C in adult females:

Female Life Stage RDA
Adult 19+ 75 mg
Pregnant 85 mg
Breastfeeding 120 mg

Although scurvy is rarely seen today, it’s best to ensure you’re getting the amounts above at a minimum. And it’s important to note that any recommended daily amount includes both food and supplement sources.

Doses Of Vitamin C For Scurvy

The British National Formulary (the “prescriber’s bible”) currently recommends at least 250 mg of vitamin C daily (in divided doses) to treat scurvy. The highest recommended daily dose to prevent scurvy in those at risk is only 75 mg.

Scurvy is a very simple condition to treat and to prevent; surprisingly little vitamin C is required to stave off symptoms. Antarctic explorers stranded over winter in the early 1900s derived sufficient vitamin C from the meat of the occasional seal they captured and ate. Most animal species are able to make their own vitamin C, humans are among the exceptions.

Mega Doses Of Vitamin C For Illness

You may have noticed that it’s quite common to see vitamin C doses of 1 gram (1,000 mg) in supplements. While this is clearly way over the daily recommended minimum, it is still considered quite safe.

When it comes to using vitamin C as a therapy for specific illnesses, dosages used tend to be much higher. So far, research indicates that because vitamin C has low toxicity, it is unlikely to cause serious side effects up to a certain point.

The NIH sets Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs) on vitamin C in females as follows:

Female Life Stage RDA
Adult 19+ 2000 mg
Pregnant 2000 mg
Breastfeeding 2000 mg

Safety of Vitamin C

The most comprehensive analysis on the safety issues concerned with taking vitamin C supplements was conducted by the National Academy of Sciences (USA) in 2000.

There were fears that dosages over an upper tolerable limit may enhance the risk of kidney stones, iron toxicity, vitamin B12 deficiency, copper deficiency, dental enamel erosion, and diarrhoea, amongst others.

They couldn’t find a satisfactory link with most of these supposed side-effects, but they did conclude that high doses of vitamin C commonly cause diarrhoea. This side effect was used to set the upper limits in the table above.

Taking vitamin C to acidify the urine, for example, involves taking “mega doses” of the vitamin.

In the study in pregnant females we’ve linked to above, the prescribed dosage was 100 mg, which is well within the daily limit.

However, the prescribed dose for urinary acidification via the use of vitamin C for UTI often ranges from 4 to 12 grams of vitamin C daily. This is as much as 6 times the upper limit recommended, which makes the risk of diarrhoea as a side-effect a distinct possibility.

Taking vitamin C as a dietary supplement is, by and large, safe, but there are certain medical conditions for which medical advice should be sought before vitamin C supplements are started. For the higher doses involved in urinary acidification, medical advice becomes more important.

Vitamin C For UTI Quick Points

  • Vitamin C shows promise as a therapy for urinary tract infections.
  • Further research is needed to discover more precisely how it may work, how much you should take, and how to navigate the potential hazards identified above.
  • Even if vitamin C for UTI is helpful for specific bacteria, it may make things worse for others.
  • Vitamin C as a supplement is generally safe, but certain medical conditions and mega doses should first be discussed with your doctor.

Don’t take our word for it, do your own research, and take a quick read of our UTI home remedies section for more information on how to go about it.

We’ve said it before, and we’ll say it again… It’s always a good idea to do a little background reading about a product you’re thinking of taking – before you take it!

Research papers can look complicated at first glance, but you’ll often find the abstract at the top of the paper will give you a good overview, and help you decide quickly whether you want to read it.

Sure, some of the concepts are complex, but you can find some super interesting and helpful information out there.

The (Not So) Final Word On Vitamin C For UTI

Many UTI sufferers swear by vitamin C as a treatment for UTIs. You’ll see it recommended in forums, and natural remedies articles. This happens with many UTI home remedies.

But you should ask yourself, if vitamin C or other home remedies are so effective, why do their advocates keep getting urinary tract infections?

In truth, we don’t know whether vitamin C helps for UTIs. This is because:

1) The evidence usually comes from studies done on how vitamin C affects microorganism directly, in the laboratory. Human studies typically involve a small number of sufferers or those who are pregnant.

2) The best dosage, best daily pattern for taking vitamin C has not yet been investigated.

3) We don’t know which microorganisms vitamin C works against in humans, which it has no effect on, and for which type of infections, if any, vitamin C may make things worse.

What other remedies have you considered trying for UTIs?

To help you navigate your way through it all, we’ve put together a list of the ten most popular UTI remedies, along with the evidence to support or debunk each.

To get answers to commonly asked questions about chronic and recurrent UTI, visit our FAQ page. Share your questions and comments below, or get in touch with our team.

Urinary Tract Infection – Life Extension

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University Health Service. Urinary Tract Infections in Women. http://www.uhs.umich.edu/uti Updated 2012. Assessed Nov. 15 2012.

University of Maryland Medical Center. Urinary Tract Infection. http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/urinary_tract_infection_000036.htm Updated 2011. Assessed Nov. 15 2012.

Vij M, Srikrishna S, Cardozo L. Interstitial cystitis: diagnosis and management. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology. Mar 2012;161(1):1-7.

Weiss EI, Lev-Dor R, Sharon N, Ofek I. Inhibitory effect of a high-molecular-weight constituent of cranberry on adhesion of oral bacteria. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2002;42:285-292.Reid G. Probiotic agents to protect the urogenital tract against infection. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2001;733:437S-443S.

Wildenfels P, Opal S, and Hessen MT. Urinary tract infection. MD Consult Website. Available at: http://www.mdconsult.com/das/pdxmd/body/388879023-2/0?type=med&eid=9-u1.0-_1_mt_1014619. Last updated February 19, 2010. Accessed December 12, 2012.

Wilson ML and Gaido L. Laboratory diagnosis of urinary tract infections in adult patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2004;38:1150-1158.

Wing DA, Rumney PJ, Preslicka C, Chung JH. Daily cranberry juice for the prevention of asymptomatic bacteriruia in pregnancy: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Journal of Urology. 2008;180(4):1367-1372.

Womenshealth.gov. Urinary Tract Infection Fact Sheet. http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/urinary-tract-infection.cfm Updated May 1, 2008. Assessed Nov. 14 2012.

90,000 Lecture on the prevention of kidney disease

9 March 2021

Lecture on the prevention of kidney disease

Diseases of the urinary system are a common problem in women and men at any age. They are accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: pain or burning sensation when urinating, frequent urge and urine leakage, fever and a general deterioration in well-being. Many diseases of the genitourinary organs can be prevented by simple preventive measures.

Content

  • Tip 1. Drink plenty of water
  • Tip 2. Take vitamin C
  • Tip 3. Get rid of food that irritates the bladder
  • Advice 4. Use herbal remedies for the prevention of chronic diseases of the urinary tract
  • Tip 5. Change to healthy daily habits
  • Tip 6. Cut back on meat and poultry
  • Tip 7.Eat fruits, vegetables and grains
  • Tip 8: For UTIs, don’t drink apple cider vinegar
  • Tip 9. If you notice symptoms of genitourinary infections, consult a urologist

Tip 1. Drink plenty of water

Both men and women with chronic and recurrent kidney and urinary tract diseases are advised to drink more than two liters of water daily.

Water helps to get rid of bacteria, with frequent urination, they are simply washed off, and to prevent urolithiasis.In concentrated urine, the chemicals it contains crystallize. Diluting urine prevents salt deposits and the formation of stones and sand.

Tip 2. Take Vitamin C

The use of foods high in vitamin C is necessary not only for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections and strengthening the immune system, but also for the health of the urinary system. A large amount of ascorbic acid in the diet makes the urine more acidic and blocks the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract.

But this tip is good for healthy people. During the acute phase of the disease, it is better to avoid citrus fruits or other acidic foods, as they irritate the bladder and increase pain during urination.

Tip 3. Get rid of foods that irritate the bladder

For frequent urinary tract infections, the use of caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, spices, nicotine, carbonated drinks and artificial sweeteners is prohibited.They irritate the bladder, worsen symptoms of dysuria, and make recovery more difficult.

Raw onions, pineapples, strawberries and tomatoes also irritate the bladder mucosa.

Advice 4. Use herbal remedies for the prevention of chronic diseases of the urinary tract

Medicinal herbs and urological preparations are widely used both for prophylaxis and in complex adjuvant therapy of inflammatory urological diseases.But any herbs or dietary supplements can only be used as directed by a urologist, since there have been no large randomized controlled trials for many herbal remedies. Such research is the gold standard when it comes to proving the effectiveness of a drug or treatment in medicine. Without proven results, the drug cannot be considered medicinal.

Use herbal remedies for the prevention of chronic diseases of the urinary tract

  • Bearberry leaves (uva ursi).Used as an herbal remedy for lower urinary tract infections. Bearberry should only be taken for short periods of time (5-7 days or less) as bearberry is bad for the liver.
  • Cranberry. Cranberry juice has long been used as a home remedy for UTIs, but not everyone knows why and in what form this berry should be consumed. The proanthocyanidins in cranberries help prevent bladder infections by keeping bacteria from sticking to the mucous membranes of this organ and urinary tract.Be sure to choose unsweetened cranberry juice, as the sugar in sweetened cranberry juices can actually feed bacteria. If the juice seems sour, it is best to mix it with soda water or plain yogurt.
  • D-mannose. Foods that contain D-mannose help prevent and treat UTIs, according to research published in the European Review of Medical and Pharmacological Sciences (2016). D-Mannose is a simple sugar found naturally in fruits, including oranges, apples, and cranberries.

Dietary supplements for the prevention of urinary tract diseases include:

  • Monurel is a prefect. Cranberry extract + vitamin C. Take 1 tablet once a day. Reduces the risk of developing exacerbations of inflammatory processes of the urinary tract.
  • Uroprofit. The dietary supplement contains extracts of bearberry, cranberry, horsetail and ascorbic acid. Normalizes urination, reduces the risk of developing urolithiasis, exacerbation of cystitis, pyelonephritis and renal edema.2 capsules are taken once a day. Contraindicated in children and pregnant women.
  • Uronorm. Cranberry extract + vitamin C. Increases the body’s resistance to UTIs. It is recommended to take a course of 1 tablet with meals for a month.

To be sure of the need and benefits of using dietary supplements, herbs and over-the-counter drugs for the prevention of diseases of the urinary system, consult a urologist before using them.Uncontrolled intake of dietary supplements and herbs can cause side effects. Substances can interact with each other and with drugs, causing adverse, sometimes very serious, consequences.

Tip 5. Make healthy daily habits

  • Stop smoking and drinking alcohol, including light alcoholic beverages.
  • Wear loose cotton clothing and underwear.
  • Wipe dry after bathing or showering.
  • Choose only hypoallergenic personal care products.

Lifestyle changes can help you get rid of urinary tract infections faster and prevent recurrence.

Tip 6: Cut back on meat and poultry

How much meat and poultry can be eaten with MEP infections is a controversial issue.

For example, in the journal mBio (August 2018), an article was published according to which meat contaminated with E. coli causes urinary tract infections.But these assumptions turned out to be false. Studies have shown that there is no connection between eating meat and diseases of the genitourinary system.

In fact, some strains of E. coli normally live in the intestines without causing any health problems. The development of the inflammatory process leads to the penetration of bacteria from the intestines into the urinary tract. Up to 95% of bladder infections are caused by E. coli. It has been proven that the risk of infection is higher in women than in men, because women have a shorter urethra close to the vagina and rectum than men.This means that bacteria can easily and quickly colonize the urinary tract and bladder, where they cause inflammation.

Another study by Taiwan Buddhists (published January 2020 in Science Reports) found that vegetarians have a 16% lower risk of UTIs compared to normal people. Reducing meat consumption can reduce the risks of developing UTIs, according to the researchers.

Tip 7. Eat fruits, vegetables and grains

Healthy foods high in fiber and carbohydrates from cereals and cereals, oatmeal, lentils, beans, and bran are necessary to maintain the health of not only the digestive system, but also the urinary system.Women are especially recommended to consume legumes containing phytoestrogens – natural hormones of women’s health, since they are more susceptible to frequent acute and chronic infectious diseases of the genitourinary organs compared to men.

Eat fruits, vegetables and grains

Fruits and vegetables are good for the health of the urinary tract. For example, pears, green beans, squash and potatoes are mildly diuretic and protective.Bananas reduce bladder irritation.

But it is important to understand that in the presence of an infection, eating any food without antimicrobial drugs will never lead to recovery.

Tip 8: For UTIs, don’t drink apple cider vinegar

It is a fact that apple cider vinegar has some antibacterial and antifungal properties. But this is not a cure! There is no scientific or medical evidence that drinking apple cider vinegar treats UTIs.

Moreover, special care must be taken when using vinegar. A large amount of apple cider vinegar in the diet has an irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the pharynx and esophagus, causing gastritis and caries.

Tip 9. If you notice symptoms of genitourinary infections, consult a urologist

Increasing your water intake, emptying your bladder regularly, and getting nutrients from fruits and vegetables can help prevent UTIs and relieve major symptoms during flare-ups (itching, pain, and burning when urinating), but will not cure the infection.

Self-administration of medicinal antimicrobial drugs in case of non-compliance with dosages and course administration leads to the transition of urinary tract infection to a chronic form, which will be much more difficult to cope with.

Therefore, at the first general signs of MEP infections: lower abdominal pain, burning, itching during urination, discoloration (turbidity and traces of blood) and urine odor, one should not self-medicate, but seek an appointment from a urologist.

7 ideal herbs and supplements for urinary tract diseases

Urinary tract infections are among the most common bacterial infections in the world . It is estimated that more than 150 million people develop UTIs each year (Flores-Mireles, et al, 2015). E. coli is the most common cause of urinary tract infections, although other types of bacteria may be involved.

Anyone can develop a UTI, but women are more likely than men.Approximately 40% of women will experience a UTI at some point in their lives (Tan and Chlebicki, 2016).

Urinary tract infection can affect any part of the urinary system, including the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys, but it usually begins in the lower urinary tract organs, bladder, and urethra.

Find out which herbs and supplements treat urinary tract disorders .

Symptoms related to urinary tract infection

  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Frequent and severe urge to urinate
  • Cloudy, dark or bloody urine
  • Fever or fatigue
  • Pain in the lower abdomen can be treated with antibiotics
  • …However, Overuse of antibiotics can have long-term negative effects, damaging healthy bacteria in the urinary tract and promoting the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria (Flores-Mireles, et al, 2015).

    If you suspect you have a urinary tract infection, it is important to consult your doctor as soon as possible. What can start as a mild infection can turn into a serious and life-threatening infection if left untreated.Some studies show that up to 42% of mild UTIs can be cured without the use of antibiotics (Bergamin & Kiosoglous, 2017).

    7 herbs that prevent and treat mild urinary tract infections

    1. Mannose

    Mannose is a sugar that is used to prevent and treat mild urinary tract infections . It is found in foods such as blueberries, apples, and oranges, but is consumed in powder or tablet form.

    Many experts believe that it inhibits the ability of some bacteria to attach to urinary tract cells, making them easier to eliminate (Domenici, et al, 2016).

    More research is needed to determine if UTIs can be treated. However, small studies have shown promising results. In one, participants took a dose of 1.5 grams of D-mannose twice daily, followed by 1.5 grams daily for an additional 10 days. After 15 days, 90% of his infections were cured. (Domenici et al., 2016).

    Mannose poses no health hazard . The most common side effect is mild diarrhea. However, since it is a type of sugar, it is not recommended for diabetics.

    There is insufficient evidence to establish the ideal dose, but most studies suggest doses of 1.5 to 2 grams up to 3 times a day.

    2. Uva Ursi

    Also known as Arctostaphylos or bearberry leaf, it is a medicinal herb for urinary tract infections which has been used for centuries in traditional medicine. It is obtained from shrubs from different parts of Europe, Asia and North America. It can be consumed as a tea or in capsule or tablet form.

    Current research Treating urinary tract infections with uva urs i is limited, although some compounds in the plant have strong antimicrobial properties. Arbutin is the main compound with the potential to treat uva ursi urinary infections due to its antibacterial effect (Gohari and Saeidnia, 2014).

    Research shows that uva ursi is safe at daily doses of 200 to 840 mg. However, its long-term safety has not been established, and it should not be taken for more than 1 to 2 consecutive weeks.Above, etc., 2013).

    3. Garlic

    Throughout history, garlic has been used in medical practice. It is often used to treat a wide variety of physical ailments, including fungal, viral, and bacterial infections.

    The healing potential of garlic is commonly associated with the presence of a sulfur-containing compound known as allicin (Bayan, et al, 2014).

    Evidence suggests that garlic may be an alternative therapy for UTIs, but research is insufficient to better understand the role of garlic in treating and preventing UTIs.

    Garlic can be consumed raw, but doses are usually sold in capsule form. Garlic supplements are safe for most people. Side effects can include heartburn, bad breath, and body odor.

    Some people may experience allergic reactions to garlic and should be avoided if you have a history of allergies to garlic or other plants such as onions or leeks. If you are taking any of these medicines, talk to your doctor before using garlic to treat a urinary tract infection.

    4. Red Cranberry

    Cranberry products are among the most popular treatment options for UTI . Blueberries contain D-mannose and anthocyanins, which can limit the ability of bacteria to adhere to the urinary tract, interfering with their growth and the ability to cause infection.

    Some studies have shown that cranberry prevents UTIs, but human studies have shown less conclusive results as there is still no 100% reliable evidence of its effectiveness.

    Cranberry juices and supplements are safe for most people, but can cause stomach upset. In addition, long-term use can increase the risk of kidney stones. Moreover. Taking large doses of cranberry supplements can interfere with taking some types of blood thinning medications.

    5. Green tea

    Green tea is obtained from the leaves of Chinese camellia. It has been used for centuries for its pharmacological potential. It is rich in polyphenols that have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects.

    Epigallocatechin , a compound in green tea, has potent antibacterial action against E. coli strains that cause UTIs. Several animal studies have also shown that green tea can increase the effectiveness of certain types of antibiotics. However, there are no human studies evaluating green tea’s ability to treat UTIs.

    A cup of green tea contains 150 mg of EGC. Research shows that as little as 3 to 5 mg of EGC may be enough to help inhibit bacterial growth in the urinary tract , but this theory has yet to be proven in humans.

    Drinking caffeine with an active UTI may worsen your physical symptoms. Thus, you can opt for decaffeinated green tea products.

    We leave you the best suggestions for green tea extract supplements

    6. Chamomile tea.

    Chamomile tea is used in herbal medicine to treat a wide range of conditions, including urinary tract infections. It is believed to help reduce inflammation, inhibit bacterial growth, and eliminate infectious bacteria from the urinary tract.

    7. Peppermint tea

    Peppermint tea is also used as a natural remedy. for urinary tract infections. Some studies have shown that peppermint has antibacterial properties against various bacteria, such as E. coli.

    Several compounds in peppermint may help reduce bacterial resistance to antibiotics. However, there is currently no research to support the use of peppermint tea to fight UTIs in humans.

    Conclution

    UTI is one of the most common types of infections in the world. They are effectively treated with antibiotics, but recurrence of infection is common and overuse of antibiotics can lead to negative health consequences.

    Many people choose natural supplements to treat infections and avoid over-exposure to antibiotics. The ingredients mentioned here are popular options natural treatment for UTIs . However, if you think you are developing a UTI, seek medical attention before starting any natural therapy.

    Reference

    • Above: S.G., Nasser, B., Nolte, K.U. (2013). Risk assessment of free hydroquinone derived from herbal preparations Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi folium. Sage Journal. DOI: 10.1177 / 1091581813507721
    • Bayan, L., Coolivand, PH, Gorji, A. (2014). Garlic: A Review of Potential Therapeutic Effects. Journal of Pet Medicine. Doi: 10.22038 / AJP.2014.1741
    • Bergamin, PA, Kiosoglous, AJ 2017. Nonsurgical treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections in women. Translational Andrology and Urology . DOI: 10.21037 / tau.2017.06.09
    • Domenici, L., Monti, M., Bracchi, C., Giorgini, M., Colagiovanni, V., Muzii, L., Benedetti Panici, P. (2016) D -mannose: promising support for acute urinary tract infections in women. Pilot study. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci . DOI: 10.1016 / S1569-9056 (13) 61373-1
    • Flores-Mireles, A.L., Walker, NJ, Caparon, M., Haltgren, S.J. (2015) Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options. Nature Reviews Microbiology . DOI: 10.1038 / nrmicro3432
    • Gohari, A.R., Saidnia, S. (2014). The role of herbal remedies in the treatment of diseases of the urinary tract. Journal of Nephropharmacology . DOI: 10.12883 / jnp.2014.xx
    • Tan, CW, Chlebitsky, deputy (2016). Urinary tract infections in adults. Singapore Med . DOI: 10.11622 / smedj.2016153

    Urinary tract infections – PrivatKlinik

    The presence of a urinary tract infection indicates the presence of microorganisms in the urinary system, which normally should be sterile.

    All IMPs, depending on the area, are divided by specialists into:

    • Upper urinary tract infections affecting the kidneys;
    • Lower urinary tract infections involving the bladder, urethra and prostate.

    But in practice it is not always possible to determine the area affected by the infection, there are cases when it simply spreads from one area to another.

    Usually, when people talk about UTIs, they mean cystitis and pyelonephritis, which are most often caused by bacteria.Sometimes fungi such as candida are the cause of the infection. And in the rarest cases, parasites, viruses and mycobacteria become the cause.

    UTIs also include urethritis and prostatitis, which occur due to sexually transmitted diseases or bacteria.

    There is another classification of UTIs that deals with the causes of the infection. Let’s take a closer look at it.

    There is such a thing as a complicated infection. Complicated include:

    • all UTIs in men due to anatomical features;
    • infection in women with anatomical or functional disorder that prevents the outflow of urine, or with a low level of immunity;
    • infection caused by atypical microorganisms.

    Uncomplicated infections , on the contrary, are found in women with a normal genitourinary system without violations of protective mechanisms and arise from microorganisms typical for infections.

    If recurrent UTIs occur after antimicrobial therapy, this is called UTI recurrence . This means that the microorganisms that caused the original infection in the urinary tract survived. It should be clarified here that only an infection that reappears within no more than 2 weeks after therapy is considered a relapse.

    Re-infection of the urinary tract. Attention ! Not to be confused with relapse. An important difference is that recurrent UTIs occur more than 2 weeks after a previous urinary tract infection has been treated. It is also called reinfection.

    As in other cases, there are also factors that can adversely affect the course of the infection. These include:

    1. Urolithiasis
    2. Urinary retention
    3. Vesicoureteral reflux
    4. Presence of a catheter in the bladder
    5. Diabetes mellitus
    6. Pregnancy
    7. Childbirth
    8. Old age

    Diagnosis of UTI.What methods are suitable?

    First, of course, a general urine test. According to the indicators, you can determine the presence of pyelonephritis, as well as cystitis.

    Don’t forget about urine culture. This analysis will confirm the diagnosis that the doctor made based on the patient’s clinical symptoms.

    Also, as a diagnosis, you can use the analysis and culture of blood, and for complicated UTIs, imaging studies are connected, most often this is an ultrasound examination, which allows you to detect abnormalities of the genitourinary system and complications of infection.

    How can you avoid urinary tract infections?

    The simplest prevention methods:

    1. Drink more water! It is important that you drink an extra glass just before intercourse.
    2. Use less chemical additives when visiting the bath: bubbling balls, foams.
    3. Do not use intimate deodorants, panty liners, neck caps.
    4. As soon as the urge arises, immediately go to the toilet, do not bear it.It is recommended to visit the toilet every 2-3 hours, before going to bed and after intercourse!
    5. We visit a urologist for prevention

    As you can see, everything is pretty simple!

    Don’t get sick!

    90,000 Herbs for urinary tract infections

    Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria entering the bladder through the urethra. The bacterium enters the urethra and multiplies. Sometimes the bacteria gets into the kidneys, but this is a rare case.The most common bacteria is Escherichia coli.
    Symptoms of urinary tract infections:
    Urinary tract infections can cause different symptoms in different people, even if they are the same infection. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, these symptoms include:
    Pain, burning sensation while urinating
    Increased need to urinate
    Blood or pus in urine
    Chills
    Fever
    Pain during sex
    Nausea
    Feeling uncomfortable
    Foul-smelling urine
    Colic in abdomen
    Pain in the lower abdomen
    Mustard oil for the treatment of urinary tract infections.
    Mustard oil, derived from horseradish rhizome and nasturtium herb, can be used to treat urinary tract infections, according to a study published in 2006 in the journal Arzneimittel-Forschung. The combination of horseradish and nasturtium herb extracts, two plants of the mustard family containing volatile mustard oils as active ingredients, has been found to have antibacterial properties, meaning it kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms like bacteria.The doctrine announced that the combination of the two supplements is a rational way to treat urinary tract infections and upper respiratory tract infections.
    In a similar study published in the same year in the same journal, participants took either antibiotics or a combination of horseradish and nasturtium herb. The antibiotic group showed an 87.9% reduction in symptoms versus 81.2% for those taking herbal medicines. However, the researchers found that the herbs had benefits because the participants who took them required fewer supportive procedures and less monitoring of their medication progress.
    Grape seed extract.
    Grape seed extract may also be an effective treatment for urinary tract infections and other infections. This supplement can actively fight bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.
    Grape extract also has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties to treat infections caused by fungi or viruses. The University of Maryland Medical Center recommends taking a 100 mg capsule or 5 to 10 drops of grape seed extract liquid three times daily to treat infections.
    Ineffectiveness of antibiotics.
    Up to 40% of urinary tract infections in women recur within 6 months and up to 50% within one year with conventional treatment, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Infections are usually caused by the same bacteria. Antibiotics only temporarily suppress bacteria, allowing new infections to re-enter you.
    By continuing to use plants such as cranberries and horseradish, you can prevent new infections by killing bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.Hydrastis canadensis can prevent bacteria from adhering to the walls of the bladder and reduce the risk of infections.
    Herbs that support urinary tract health:
    Burdock
    Wheat grass
    Black elderberry
    Juniper
    Horsetail
    Meadow cuff
    Plantain
    Saw palmetto
    Yarrow
    You can use the following herbs to fight E. coli and the following herbs:
    Calendula
    Chamomile
    Fennel
    Ginger
    Oregon Grape Root
    St. John’s Wort
    Thyme
    Bear Ears
    Yarrow

    D-Mannose for urinary tract infection and inflammation 60 capsules

    D-Mannose – for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections and inflammations – SupHerb

    D-Mannose is a natural isomer that is similar in structure to glucose.It is naturally found in fruits and berries such as apples, blueberries and cranberries.

    Infections and inflammations of the urinary tract are an extremely common problem among women, but not only. Urinary tract infections include infections anywhere along the length of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection is characterized by the following symptoms: pain or burning sensation when urinating, tension during urination, excessive urination, urinary retention, and sometimes incontinence.

    Antibiotics are the traditional treatment for these infections. Despite the fact that antibiotics can be effective in fighting bacteria that cause urinary tract infections, this treatment also harms the good bacteria in our gut and leads to an imbalance in the intestinal flora, which can lead to other, more serious problems.

    SupHerb D-Mannose – Benefits:

    • An element that is naturally present in the body
    • Fast and effective absorption
    • High concentration of active substance D-Mannose

    Each capsule contains:
    D-Mannose………………………………. 600 mg.

    Recommended to be combined with: probiotic Bio-Fimeil, garlic capsules, Ester-C complex 1000 mg

    Recommended use: 1-2 capsules per day with food.

    Package contains: 60 vegetable capsules.

    Manufacturer: SupHerb, Israel

    Kosher Badats

    Information, links or articles published on the Vitamin Global website are not diagnostics.
    The Buyer makes the final decision on the use of the product independently.
    It is recommended that you seek the advice of your doctor before taking any medications.

    90,000 Flexit, arginine and other supplements are cheaper than

    Other additives

    Each of us wants to feel healthy and energetic – this will help to ensure proper rest, active pastime and healthy eating.And yet, it is not always enough for the body of nutrients obtained from food – in such cases, supplements save, allowing you to continue to successfully live a quality life and effectively achieve your goals.

    Supplements and multivitamins: what is worth trying?

    Supplements designed for joints are especially popular among athletes – Nutrend Flexit Drink. They help to regenerate connective tissue and bone tissue and serve as a preventive protection and nutritional agent.The fact that Flexit can become the right choice for joints, is easy to make sure of this: you just need to familiarize yourself with the composition of these products – you will find glucosamine, collagen, as well as many vitamins and trace elements that ensure the effectiveness of this supplement. The reviews about Flexit Drink are also very positive, but you yourself can be sure of its effectiveness – the Flexit price is available for everyone who seeks to noticeable changes.

    For those wishing to achieve faster results in sports, arginine is suitable.Increased strength, endurance, rapid muscle growth, regeneration and fat burning – so many beneficial effects on the body can be obtained from the use of arginine. beta-alanine will please with similar properties. This product promotes endurance, provides energy and guarantees effective training – all of these properties make beta-alanine suitable for athletes of all sports. The isotonic solution will also give more energy and endurance during workouts: with the help of it, you can more easily withstand even the most difficult workouts.

    For those who want to comprehensively strengthen their body, the multivitamin complex is especially suitable. It contains many beneficial substances that will affect your physical and emotional state. Multivitamins are said to be especially important for athletes – if you eat a very limited amount of food, and give your best in the gym, it is likely that you may be lacking certain nutrients. The good news is that multivitamins for men and women will help you get them and thus guarantee better athletic performance!

    All of these supplements are of course not the only ones currently on the market – the choice depends on what is aiming for.However, if you want to make sure whether a particular product will be of high quality, reviews and reviews from other buyers will help dispel any doubts.

    Isotonic drinks and other additives cheaper than

    Interested in multivitamins for women, Nutrend Flexit Drink supplements, isotonic drink, or are you looking for where all these supplements and Flexit Drink are offered at a good price? Visit the e-shop Pigu.lt: here the price of arginine corresponds to its quality, but no less pleasing are other offers and sales that help to save money. If you see that there is a special offer on Flexit Drink, you can buy these and other supplements at very tempting prices.

    This can be done at any time, as all supplements are ordered online. After ordering, the goods are delivered either to the specified address or to the pick-up centers located in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Šiauliai and Panevezys, where you can receive your purchases for free.

    90,000 Five ways to protect yourself from urinary tract diseases

    Urinary tract infections are one of the most common bacterial diseases affecting people of all ages around the world.According to the World Health Organization, every second woman has experienced it. What to do to avoid inflammation of the genital tract, and how to be treated in case of illness, says Euroaptieka pharmacist Zane Melberga.

    Continuation of the article is under advertising

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    Main symptoms

    The characteristic symptom of urinary tract inflammation is a strong, continuous and constant urge to urinate.When urinating, a small amount of urine is released, so there is a burning sensation and an unpleasant sensation that can even lead to sharp pains, as well as a regular feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen.

    If you do not start treatment when the first symptoms appear, the condition may worsen and fever will be added to the symptoms, as well as an admixture of blood in the urine. In such cases, it is necessary to urgently seek help from a doctor.

    In turn, if inflammation of the urinary tract occurs regularly, it is recommended to do a blood test for sexually transmitted diseases (STD), which are one of the most common causes of inflammation of the urinary tract.

    The pharmacist explained that urinary tract diseases are common in children. Symptoms in young children are mild and difficult to establish, and older children usually have painful urination, irritability, unhappiness, and pain at the end of urination.

    How to protect yourself

    1. Take care of the intimate area and choose the appropriate underwear

    The pharmacist advises you to take proper care of the intimate area cleanliness, using special detergents (soap or foam), which can be bought at the pharmacy.Regular soap is too alkaline for the intimate area, its pH level is higher than necessary for the intimate area, so soap can weaken the body’s natural defenses and make it less protected from possible infections and irritations.

    In everyday life, it is important to wear underwear made from natural materials such as cotton. In synthetic underwear, you are more likely to sweat, which contributes to the development of unfavorable microflora in the female genital organs. This, in turn, can provoke the occurrence of bacterial inflammation, milk fungus and other diseases.

    2. Drink at least 2 liters of water per day

    People without chronic heart and kidney disease should drink an average of two liters of water per day to ensure a normal environment and a constant flow of urine in the body, which will inhibit the growth of bacteria.

    3. Dress warmly and appropriately

    Keep your legs and back warm at all times. Most often, women who are most likely to develop a urinary tract infection sin by choosing clothes that are not suitable for the weather.Whatever is in fashion during the autumn-winter season, it is important to be warmly dressed, and it is better to keep a short skirt, thin tights and jackets that do not cover the lower back until the onset of warm weather.

    4. Consumption of beneficial bacteria with food

    To maintain a normal mucous membrane of the urinary tract, it is recommended to include kefir, yogurt and other fermented foods containing beneficial bacteria or lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in the daily diet. They enhance the protective capacity of the mucous membranes when in contact with unwanted bacteria that can cause urinary tract infections.In addition to this, it is recommended to take vitamin C, which prevents the growth of harmful bacteria in the body, and also reduces the possibility of re-infection. A healthy person needs 100 mg of vitamin C per day, which can be obtained both with the help of various food additives and in the form of fruits and vegetables – oranges, grapefruits, lemons, cabbage, paprika and spinach.

    5. Balanced work and rest regime

    Prolonged stress and fatigue are one of the most common causes of infections.Therefore, especially in the dark, it is important to take care of your well-being and find activities that will allow you to forget about everyday worries and increase positive emotions, as well as remember about regular physical activity, good sleep, and fresh air.

    Methods of treatment

    The pharmacist notes that it is necessary to start treatment when the first symptoms appear. To promote bladder recovery, it is recommended to drink two liters of fluid a day, which will not only wash away bacteria, but also dilute the urine so that it is less irritating to the bladder.

    It is also recommended to drink herbal teas with anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and diuretic effects – tea from bearberry, prickly tartar, birch buds, Icelandic moss. It will not only prevent the growth of bacteria, but also reduce inflammation and help restore the mucous membrane of the urinary tract.

    In turn, during illness, you should stop drinking coffee, alcohol, carbonated drinks, spicy foods.Effervescent and caffeinated drinks irritate the bladder and can exacerbate an already increased need to urinate frequently.

    Various nutritional supplements containing cranberry, lingonberry, bearberry or chamomile are also available from pharmacies, but it is recommended that you consult your doctor or pharmacist before purchasing. If one of the medicinal teas is difficult to drink because of its specific taste, then in the pharmacy you can buy capsules that contain extracts of the same plants as in the tea.

    Depending on the severity of the infection, the medication should be taken from 3 to 14 days. Although the symptoms of the disease usually disappear after a couple of days, it is not recommended to interrupt treatment, because the infection will not be completely cured. Usually, urinary tract infections resolve without complications if the doctor’s instructions are followed.