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Training for pediatrician: Pediatric Training Programs | The American Board of Pediatrics


7 Steps to Becoming a Pediatrician

If you’re a pre-med student or enrolled in medical school, you’re likely already pondering what kind of physician you want to be.  For those who are passionate about working with babies, children, or teens, becoming a pediatrician might be top of mind. And considering that 95% of graduating pediatric residents say they would choose pediatrics again, according to the  2020 AAP Annual Survey of Graduating Residents, it’s an attractive career choice to explore.

If you’re interested in learning more about how to become a pediatrician, this guide can help you identify each of the major steps. But first, you might find it helpful to learn more about what these providers do on a daily basis.   

What does a pediatrician do, exactly? 

According to the pediatrician definition offered by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), these physicians address the mental, physical, and social health of children from birth through adolescence. In addition to providing guidance related to healthy growth and development, pediatricians also diagnose and treat a wide range of illnesses. Pediatricians also work diligently to support families’ efforts to create a nurturing home environment that ultimately ensures children’s needs are being met.

To appropriately assess and diagnose young people, anyone pursuing a pediatrician career must be able to work effectively with children and their adult guardians. Managing the fear, vulnerability, and anxiety that parents feel when their children aren’t feeling well requires excellent communication and empathy. 

Pediatricians can choose to work in primary care or focus on a specific subspecialty. Regardless of their specific focus, the AAP notes, pediatricians act as consultants and also collaborate with other physicians and health care providers.

7 Steps to Becoming a Pediatrician

Now that you have a clear idea of what the job entails, you’re probably eager to learn how to become a pediatrician. You might even wonder, “How long does it take to become a pediatrician?” As you’ll soon see, it can be anywhere between 7 and 15 years depending on where you are in your journey.

1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree 

To apply to medical school, you must first complete your undergraduate studies. It’s worth noting that there is no “right” major. While most med school applicants have a degree in a science concentration, you can study any subject so long as you focus on getting good grades in prerequisite courses like physics, biology, and chemistry.   

2. Take the MCAT

If your plan is to attend an MD program right after college, you’ll want to start preparing for medical school early by studying for and taking the Medical College Admission Test(MCAT) while completing your bachelor’s degree. The extensive exam is administered by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and includes four sections. Expect to spend a fair amount of time studying, as the MCAT is an important factor in your application. 

3. Apply to medical school 

Most students complete the application process through the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS), Canada’s Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS), or specific school websites. They all have similar requirements. In addition to taking the MCAT, you’ll need to provide transcripts, letters of recommendation, a personal statement, and more.

While good grades and a strong MCAT score are important, rest assured that there are many factors medical schools take into consideration. Your life experience and history of accomplishments as an employee, volunteer, and student may also carry a lot of weight. Medical schools look for  certain core competencies that help demonstrate your preparedness for becoming a physician, including: 

  • Cultural competence 
  • Teamwork 
  • Critical thinking 
  • Resilience and adaptability 
  • Scientific inquiry 
  • Human behavior
  • Ethical responsibility to self and others

4. Graduate from medical school 

Congratulations! Your hard work has earned you a spot in medical school, which will be an exciting new challenge. Most programs take four years to complete. During your first and second year, you will attend lectures and complete labs in a variety of subjects like anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology, and behavioral science.

In the final two years of medical school, you will get to work directly with patients during clinical rotations. These experiences allow you to gain exposure to an array of specialties like surgery, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), psychiatry, family practice, and pediatrics.

5. Begin the licensure process 

You must become licensed to legally practice medicine in the US. Students typically fulfill this requirement by taking the three-part United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) series. Plan to start studying for these tests early because you’ll want to take the USMLE  Step 1 near the end of your second year. You’ll complete Step 2 during your fourth year then finish with Step 3 during residency.

6. Apply for and complete a residency in pediatrics 

As medical school draws to a close, you’ll want to apply for a pediatric residency position. Residency typically lasts three years, but your training may take longer if you choose to further specialize in an area like pediatric cardiology or pediatric emergency medicine.

St. George’s University (SGU) graduate Dr. Karolina Petro is chief pediatric resident at Goryeb Children’s Hospital in New Jersey, and she outlines a typical day. According to Dr. Petro, it’s common to start around 5:30 in the morning, which usually entails receiving reports from the night team and going over specific cases. The rest of the day is spent making rounds, speaking with patients and families, performing procedures, attending lectures, and learning from senior doctors.  

7. Become board certified  

After completing a three-year residency program, pediatricians are eligible to pursue board certification. While this credential isn’t necessarily required, it demonstrates that a physician has gone above and beyond state licensing requirements. To achieve this designation, pediatricians must pass the rigorous exams administered by the  American Board of Pediatrics. To remain certified, pediatricians must complete continuing education requirements throughout their careers.    

Pursue a career in pediatrics

Now that you have a better understanding of how to become a pediatrician, you might feel eager to get started. But before you can pursue this specific field, you first need to get into medical school. Give yourself the best possible odds of receiving an acceptance letter by heeding the advice in our article “5 Ways to Strengthen Your Medical School Application.”

TAGS: medical school, medical specialties

How to Become a Pediatrician

What kind of training is required to become a pediatrician?

Up until their residencies, pediatricians receive the same training as any other physician. Physicians must attend medical school, a four-year graduate program, after completing all or most of a bachelor’s degree. Applying to medical school is a rigorous process, and medical schools prefer applicants with high grades in science and math courses, a high score on the Medical College Admissions Test, positive references and interviews, and experience working or volunteering in health care.

Students who are accepted to a medical school begin their physician training by learning about the scientific foundations of medicine. Most of the first two years of a typical medical school program are spent in the classroom. Students take courses in anatomy and physiology, cell structure and genetics, pathology (the study of the causes and effects of disease), immunology (the study of immune function), and pharmacology (the study of the uses and effects of different kinds of drugs). Students also spend time learning about organ systems such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, musculoskeletal, renal, urinary tract, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems. Neuroscience, psychiatry, and gynecology are studied as well.

Medical school curricula also focus on the practice of medicine. Students learn how to build relationships with patients and how to conduct examinations, take medical histories, interview patients, and make a diagnosis.

The second half of a medical school program is spent completing clinical rotations, or clerkships. Students observe and treat patients under the supervision of experienced physicians, and each clerkship focuses on a certain area of care, like psychiatry, surgery, critical care, primary care, anesthesia, and pediatrics. Medical students have the freedom to choose electives in their area of interest, and prospective pediatricians may study pediatric subspecialties like pediatric cardiology, adolescent medicine, neonatology, or pediatric intensive care.

After graduation from medical school, training continues in the form of one or more residencies. Graduates choose their specialty and are matched with a residency through the National Resident Matching Program. The length of the residency varies by specialty, but most pediatricians complete a three-year residency before they begin to practice. Pediatricians who want to train in a combined specialty like pediatrics and psychiatry or pediatrics and emergency medicine may complete a residency that lasts five years.

Are there any certification or licensure requirements?

All physicians must be licensed by their state to treat patients. Requirements vary by state, but in general, physicians must complete a graduate medical program that includes clinical rotations, complete a residency, and pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination.

While not technically required to practice, most physicians pursue board certification in their specialty. The American Board of Pediatrics certifies pediatricians who meet its requirements, including graduating from medical school, completing postgraduate pediatric training, holding a state license to practice, and passing a certification exam. Pediatricians first pursue a general pediatrics certification, and those who want to become certified in a subspecialty can start the subspecialty certification process. To become certified in a pediatric subspecialty, pediatricians must show that they have completed training in their subspecialty and contributed to scholarly activity and research in their field.

How long does it take to become a pediatrician?

It takes four years to complete medical school and three years to complete a general pediatrics residency. Pediatricians whose postgraduate training combines pediatrics with another medical specialty will spend an additional two years in their residency.

What does a pediatrician earn?

The median yearly pay for pediatricians in the United States was $216,069 in 2012.

What are the job prospects?

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that employment of physicians and surgeons in the United States will grow by 18 percent between 2012 and 2020, faster than the average for all occupations. As the population grows and more people gain access to health insurance and health care, more physicians will be needed. Pediatricians who want to work in rural and urban underserved areas should have the best job prospects.

What are the long term career prospects for pediatricians?

Pediatricians who find success in private practice may eventually own their own solo practice or part of a group practice. Those who work in hospitals may become leaders in their department. Other pediatricians pursue additional training and go into higher education and research.

How can I find a job as a pediatrician?

Pediatricians may find work by applying for open positions they find on specialized physician job search websites or by being recruited by a practice or hospital looking to fill an opening. Doctors make many professional contacts throughout their education and training, and they often learn about job opportunities through their network.

Some pediatricians find temporary work through a locum tenens agency. Doctors may take leaves of absence from their practices and use these agencies to find doctors to fill in while they are away.

How can I learn more about becoming a pediatrician?

The American Academy of Pediatrics has many resources on its website for those who are interested in becoming pediatricians and those who are in the process of becoming pediatricians, including the Pediatrics 101 Handbook.

Talking with someone in the field can also help you learn more about the profession. Seek out your childhood pediatrician or a pediatrician who practices in your area to see if they can meet with you to talk about the challenges and rewards of their work.

What Are the Qualifications of Becoming a Pediatrician? | Work

By John DeMerceau Updated August 08, 2018

A pediatrician is a medical doctor who has obtained specific training in medical care and treatment of children and adolescents. Like any physician, a pediatrician must earn a doctor of medicine (M.D.) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (D.O.) degree from a recognized medical or osteopathic school. After completing her medical degree, she must complete a postgraduate residency program in pediatrics to be able to take the American Board of Pediatrics certification exam and become a board-certified pediatrician.

Medical School Requirements

Admission to medical or osteopathic school requires a bachelor’s degree from a recognized four-year college. Candidates for medical school must complete a full year of coursework in each of the following subjects: biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, physics, mathematics and English. During their junior year, they take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) before applying to medical colleges. A student who wishes to become a pediatrician does not have to take any specific courses during his four years of medical or osteopathic school.

Postgraduate Training

A candidate for American Board of Pediatrics certification must complete a three-year residency program in pediatrics that is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The first year usually consists of general pediatric training, whereas the second and third years of qualified programs should include supervision of first-year residents and medical students along with additional general training that focuses on patient care.


Candidates for the American Board of Pediatrics certification examination must first pass the licensing exams in at least one state. State medical boards use a three-step standardized examination called the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE). This examination tests whether candidates for licensing have attained the knowledge necessary to practice medicine and whether they have the skills to apply their knowledge to patient care.

Board Certification Examinations

The American Board of Pediatrics certification examination consists of 300 to 350 multiple choice questions. Some of the subjects covered by the examination are nutritional requirements for children of various ages, signs and symptoms of childhood illnesses and proper administration of vaccinations. The passing score is scaled, so the number of questions a candidate must answer correctly to pass the exam varies with each administration of the test.

Certified Pediatricians

A board-certified pediatrician can begin to practice general pediatrics, or he can apply for a fellowship in a pediatric subspecialty such as pediatric oncology, pediatric cardiology or pediatric radiology. Each subspecialty has its own postgraduate training requirements and examinations, and subspecialty certification is also administered by the American Board of Pediatrics.

Pediatricians Are in High Demand

Hope |

future pediatrician

I am interested in being a pediatrician because
I’m great with kids, and am very intelligent in the
math/science area. I also like to help people and
care for them, and maybe I can even relate to their
childhood problems (like asthma, for example)!

I did some research and found that on average
it takes about eleven years in college to become a
pediatrician. I know that is a long time, but I
don’t think that will be a factor in deciding what
I want to major in when it’s time. While I was
researching, I found that pediatricians are in very
high demand. Actually, some graphs show the demand
for pediatricians is increasing every year! By the
time I’m ready to start my career, I should have no
difficulty finding a job in this field of medicine.

I interviewed my pediatrician and asked him
some questions. He told me that good
pediatricians need to be family and kid oriented,
kind, considerate, patient, lifelong learners, and
good communicators and listeners.
I also
asked him about the training needed to be a
pediatrician. He told me eleven years of training
and college is necessary. It consists of a
bachelor’s degree, then four years in medical
school; followed by three years of residency.
During my residency, I would work in hospitals and
clinics, patient care (general pediatrics and
sub-specialties like cardiology and oncology),
learn how to do medical histories and physical
examinations, learning what tests to order and how
to interpret the results, and learn techniques like
suturing lacerations, starting IV’s, lumbar
punctures, etc. My pediatrician gave me more
detailed information than the research I conducted
on my own.

After learning more about this career, I
believe I have what it takes to become a

Hope’s essay appears here
as written, to preserve the young author’s
unique voice and individual writing style. However, we
have deleted personally identifiable information to
protect the student’s privacy.

Training and development (paediatrics) | Health Careers

This page provides useful information on the training and development for this specialty and also has tips for people at all stages of their training including medical school.

Length of training

Undergraduate study at medical school varies from 5 – 6 years, depending on whether an intercalated degree is taken or not. The Graduate Entry Programme into medicine is generally 4 years in length. Find out more about medical school.

After medical school doctors undertake a two-year foundation programme. Find out more about the foundation programme.

Training after the foundation years begins at ST1. It will usually be completed within eight years of full-time training

The training pathway

The training pathway consists of three levels. All trainees follow levels one and two of the general paediatric curriculum. At level three they decide whether to continue in general paediatrics or to apply to complete their training in a chosen sub-specialty.

  • level 1 – ST1-3 (2-3 years)  – provides basic knowledge of paediatrics and child health, with placements in acute general, neonatal and community paediatric posts. Full MRCPCH will be necessary to progress into level 2 training.
  • level 2  – ST4-5 (1-2 years)  – training will be provided mainly in district general hospitals (DGHs) using existing core training posts and rotations including community paediatrics and neonatology. There’ll be a greater emphasis on outpatient presentations, and the expectation of a higher level of performance in relation to common paediatric conditions, child development and safeguarding.
  • level 3  – ST6-8 (2-3 years)  – at Level 3, trainees may choose to enter subspecialty training in one of the accredited subspecialties or to stay on in general training.

Those wishing to enter subspecialty training may apply in competition for National Grid training in one of the 17 paediatric subspecialties, with entry at ST6 or 7 depending on the specialty curriculum.

StRs who are training in general paediatrics will be matched to year ST 6-8 posts by their local training programme directors (TPDs) in accordance with local availability of training opportunities, trainee requirements and preferences. GMC has information on the postgraduate training curriculum for paediatrics.

Getting in tips

It is important to develop your practical skills and interest in paediatrics as early as you can. This will also give you valuable experience to add to your CV.

  • Tips for medical students

    Expand / collapse

    • attend conferences on paediatrics – this will give you an opportunity to network and meet your future colleagues
    • undertake a placement in/paediatrics
    • undertake a student selected module or project in paediatrics and choose an elective in this area
    • undertake an elective in paediatrics
    • apply for medical student Affiliate Membership of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) – this is free and offers a wide range of benefits
  • Tips for foundation trainees

    Expand / collapse

    • make contact with the/paediatrics department in your hospital and find out how you can get involved
    • aim to get a rotation in paediatrics
    • attend relevant conferences
    • try to ensure your e-portfolio has relevant experience with paediatrics and that this is kept properly up-to-date
    • try to gain teaching and management experience
    • apply for foundation doctor Affiliate Membership of the RCPCH
  • Tips for core and specialty trainees

    Expand / collapse

    • undertake a relevant research project
    • try to get some of your work published and present at national and international meetings
    • teach junior colleagues
    • take on any management opportunities you are offered

What does a Pediatrician do and How to Become a Pediatrician

A pediatrician is a medical doctor that specializes in pediatric care of people under 21. Some of the duties they are expected to perform include consulting with patients, reviewing medical histories of the patients, ordering diagnostic tests when the need arises, and recommending treatment plans for their patients.

Watch a video to learn what a pediatrician does.

How to Become a Pediatrician

If you are interested in becoming a pediatrician, you are advised to follow the steps below.

Earn a Bachelor’s Degree: Before you can be admitted to study medicine, you will be required to obtain a bachelors degree in any of the following courses as an undergraduate. A graduate degree in Physical sciences (such as organic and physics, inorganic chemistry) and Biological Sciences is required.

Gaining admission to study medicine is quite competitive. To that effect, you can have a better chance of acceptance if you have a bachelor’s degree in any of the courses listed above or you could offer to work as a volunteer or paid clinical health care in order to gather experience, participate in extracurricular activities and take on some leadership positions while in college. You will be required to prepare for a Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) during your undergraduate days. Passing MCAT is a prerequisite to gaining admission into medical schools.

Graduate From Medical School: Before earning the right to use the title Medical Doctor (M.D.) you will be required to complete four years in an osteopathic or allopathic medical school. Completing these programs will give you a Medical doctor degree (allopathic school) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree. These programs will adequately prepare you to practice medicine as a pediatrician. It should, however, be noted that the osteopathic programs place more emphasis on the musculoskeletal system rather than preventive medicine.

In your medical school, you will be required to take a two-year compulsory laboratory course in the sciences such as microbiology, pharmacology, pathology, biochemistry, physiology, and anatomy.
Obtain a License

No medical doctor is allowed to practice medicine without a license. In the United States, allopathic physicians are expected to pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) while the osteopathic physicians are required to pass the Comprehensive Medical Licensing Exam (COMPLEX). The examination is aimed at testing the candidate’s basic knowledge and ability to apply the gathered knowledge to the clinical practice of medicine.

Complete a Pediatric Residency: After graduation from medical school and obtaining the needed license, you will be required to complete residency training in pediatrics. Depending on the region the training can last for up to three years. The training is aimed at exposing you to the various clinical rotations in different pediatric subspecialties such as cardiology, endocrinology, emergency medicine and adolescent medicine. You may also be required to attend lectures during your residency.

Consider Earning Board Certification: After successfully completing your residency course, you may also be required to earn a board certification. This is however not compulsory but this Board certification will show the patients that you hold a high level of competency in your chosen profession. These board certifications are regulated by different bodies such as the American Board of Medical Sciences (ABMS) for allopathic physicians and the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) for osteopathic physicians. To maintain board certification, continued education is required.

Job Description of a Pediatrician

A pediatrician has been specially trained to diagnose and treat medical conditions that are unique or peculiar to infants, adolescents, and teens. They can also offer professional advice to parents on how well to take care of their sick children or the possible preventive measures against childhood diseases, treat varying degrees of injuries from mild to complicated, and administer vaccination when the need arises. Although they specialize in the treatment of children, pediatricians can also specialize in particular medical conditions that are common in young patients or in pediatric surgery.

As a medical practitioner, your day starts as early as possible and ends quite late, depending on the shift you are working on. In the mornings, a pediatrician is expected to run rounds in the hospital to check on the patients and read their medical records. The doctor is expected to be seated in his consulting room after the morning rounds to meet with new or returning patients all through the day. Finally, the doctor is expected to revisit the wards to check on patients before closing for the day. In general, the entire day of a pediatrician is quite busy and hectic.

Pediatrician Career Video Transcript

To improve the quality of life of a child is immensely rewarding. Pediatricians combine science, technology, compassion, and people skills in a unique profession tasked with providing medical care for infants, children, and young adults. Pediatricians are physicians who diagnose, treat and help prevent children’s diseases and injuries, from birth through young adulthood.

At clinics, they regularly see patients for “well-child” visits where they check to see if kids are growing and developing appropriately, as well as ensuring children receive necessary vaccines and health tests such as hearing and vision screening. Pediatricians also see children when they are sick, and prescribe medications or other treatment. These physicians work with the whole family to design treatment plans and provide the knowledge and support that is needed to care for a child.

While most pediatricians work in doctors’ offices; others care for patients in hospitals. Pediatricians may specialize in different areas such as pediatric surgery or autoimmune disorders. After college, pediatricians complete 4 years of medical school, followed by 3 years of residency training in general pediatrics. Pediatricians may seek additional training in a specialty field.

Article Citations

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Pediatricians, General.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP.org). Pediatrics as a Profession

The career video is in the public domain from the U. S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.

Thinking of Becoming a Pediatrician? Here’s What You Should Know

So, finally, you figured out that you are the right fit for a career in pediatrics. If you love kids and enjoy taking care of their needs, becoming a pediatrician is the right career choice for you. Pediatrics is a medical specialty that deals with the physical, emotional and social health of children. Pediatricians are doctors who provide medical treatment to children from birth to early adulthood. They specialize in diagnosing and treating problems related to infants, children, teenagers, and young adults. From dealing with growth and development issues to treating different infectious diseases, common illnesses, and monitoring progress and assessing the need for further treatment, pediatricians are responsible for a myriad tasks.

If you want to become a pediatrician, here are some things you need to carefully consider prior to taking the plunge.

Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

To become a pediatrician, you are required to complete four years of a college degree in order to get into a top medical university in Caribbean. However, many medical students earn an undergraduate degree or enter a premedical program to meet the admission prerequisites for a 4-year MD degree program. Students who have a clear goal to pursue a career as a pediatrician are advised to choose child psychology or any another subject pertaining to pediatrics as their undergraduate major.

Apply to a Caribbean Medical School

Pursuing a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree is an utmost requirement to become a physician. When it comes to becoming a pediatrician, it is important to know how to apply to a Caribbean medical school. Before you start applying, it is advised to do an in-depth research and create a list of medical schools you seriously consider attending. Gaining admission in a medical school depends on an array of factors. A stellar MCAT score, having an undergraduate degree from an accredited institution, letters of recommendation, and an impressive personal statement are a few important Caribbean medical school requirements, that when fulfilled properly can bolster your chances of acceptance.

Complete a Medical School Program

Medical school usually takes four years to complete. Coursework of the basic sciences programs includes training related to medical physiology, pharmacology, microbiology and immunology, anatomy, pathology, and neuroscience. The remaining two years of clinical sciences program are based on medical training that gives students a clear idea of how to deal with patients in a real medical settings, under the supervision of highly experienced physicians, technicians, surgeons, and nurses. During their clinical rotations, students are exposed to a myriad  specialties, including cardiology, primary care, radiology, urology, dermatology, anesthesiology, gastroenterology, hematology, pathology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, endocrinology, obstetrics, and gynecology.

Applying for the Pediatrics Residency Program

Once you are done with your MD degree, now is the time to apply for residency in pediatrics. The ultimate goal of completing a pediatric residency training program is to train residents to become compassionate and effective patient care providers for young patients. A pediatric residency program provides residents with ample clinical experience and builds a strong foundation of medical knowledge, which helps them develop an ability to apply this knowledge to diagnose and treat biological and psychological issues related to children. During your residency program in pediatrics, you will learn common pediatrics procedures, hone in on your presentation and communication skills needed for patient management and cultivate all the clinical skills required for providing competent medical care. Your residency training will also prepare you for working effectively in diverse healthcare settings.

Applying for the Pediatric Sub-specialty Fellowship Program

Applying for a specialty that you are going to practice is one of the most important decisions of your life. Many residents choose a sub-specialty within pediatrics such as cardiology, oncology, nephrology, critical care, immunology, neonatology, pulmonology, and rheumatology. A fellowship is a program of intensive training in a chosen specialty which lasts two to three years, depending on the sub-specialty that you choose.

Obtaining License and Certification to Practice

After completing your medical school, residency training, and pediatric subspecialty fellowship program, now you are all set to practice. But you must be licensed and certified by the state to treat patients. You have to complete an MD degree, a residency program, and pass the USMLE in order to qualify for licensure and certification.

Employment Prospects

Career opportunities for pediatrics are nearly endless. From a private clinic to a government hospital, management and administration positions right down to the research field, pediatrics can find a number of job prospects.

Over to You

So, here you go. These are a few important things you should keep in mind if you are thinking of pursuing a career as a pediatrician. Though the path to becoming a pediatrician is a long and intense one, the amazing benefits and rewards that await you are well worth the efforts.


Union of Pediatricians of Russia

for the preparation and conduct of preventive vaccinations for the child:

  • The most important thing is to set yourself and your child in a positive way! Do not hesitate, you are protecting your child from dangerous infections. And vaccination is the best protection! Your mood is transmitted to the baby. Be positive!

  • Try to dress your child so that it is easy to take off clothes at the doctor’s appointment.

  • Checking the test results before each vaccination is NOT NECESSARY.It is enough only once a blood and urine test is performed according to the standards of professional examination of children – at the age of 2 months (before the start of vaccination against pneumococcus and pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus) and when the baby is 1 year old (before the introduction of live vaccines against measles, rubella, mumps). Monthly monitoring of research results is shown only as directed by a specialist who monitors the dynamics of the disease.

  • 5-7 days before the vaccination and a week after, new foods, allergenic foods (sweets, chocolate, citrus fruits, brightly colored fruits and berries) should not be introduced into the child’s diet.The food of a nursing mother should also not contain foods that can cause allergies. ! It is especially important to observe this rule for children suffering from various forms of chronic diseases!

  • Do not use new products for bathing, hygiene, washing, and if possible, do not start taking new medications.

  • Refrain from visiting with your baby a few days before vaccination and a week after crowded places (shopping centers, large stores, pharmacies, etc.)in order to avoid contact with possible sources of infectious diseases.

  • But walks in the fresh air are not limited to the condition of normal body temperature and well-being of the child.

  • In the morning of the day of vaccination, measure the child’s body temperature, and also repeat this procedure in the evening of the day of the vaccination.

  • Going for vaccination, do not forget the Certificate of Preventive Vaccinations or a document replacing it – after all, this is a very important document, both for you and for the doctor!

  • Make a list of issues that concern you, so that the doctor dispels your doubts and gives the necessary recommendations.

  • It is advisable that your home medicine cabinet easily contains antipyretics based on paracetamol or ibuprofen (in the form of syrup or suppositories), an antihistamine (dimethindene / cetirizine / desloratadine, etc.), an anti-allergic ointment based on dimethindene. Reactions after vaccination, although rare, are still possible. As a rule, their course lasts from 1 to 3 days and leaves no consequences.

  • Bathe your baby in the bathroom on the eve of the vaccination.In the evening after vaccination, you should refrain from a long stay in the water. Limit water hygiene procedures by bathing under running water and gently blotting with a towel at the injection site. In the following days, the tradition of bathing is renewed.

  • Pediatrician

    A pediatrician is a doctor who deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases in children from birth to 18 years of age. A pediatrician is the most important doctor for a baby and his mother. It is the pediatrician who takes responsibility for the health of your child from the very birth.A pediatrician is a doctor who will always be with you for a long time, because it is he who helps children cope with most problems. A pediatrician is a doctor, a consultant, and even a teacher for parents. The healthy, correct and full development of children largely depends on the work of a pediatrician; this is the doctor who, from birth, takes care of not only the mental, but also the physical health of children.

    When to see a pediatrician?

    It is necessary to contact the pediatrician at the clinic if the child has:

    • abdominal pain
    • headache
    • stool violation
    • restless behavior
    • rise in body temperature
    • cough
    • runny nose
    • sore throat
    • rash
    • vomiting (more than three times a day)

    Other reasons for contacting a pediatrician are:

    • routine vaccinations
    • observation of a newborn
    • registration of certificates
    • issuance of spa cards
    • registration of forms for kindergartens and schools
    • for the purpose of preventive examination in accordance with age (dispensary examination)

    What happens at the pediatrician appointment?

    At the initial appointment, the doctor will ask about complaints, peculiarities of pregnancy, childbirth, feeding habits, past illnesses, vaccinations, allergic reactions, collect information about lifestyle and hereditary predispositions.

    The pediatrician will weigh the child, measure his height, head and chest circumference, examine various organs and systems of the body, listen to breathing and heartbeat, examine the abdomen, assess the condition of the mucous membranes. After the initial consultation, the pediatrician writes out a referral for the necessary research (for example, to do a culture, donate blood or urine for analysis). Based on the results of the examination, after examining the analyzes and studies, the pediatrician prescribes treatment or, if necessary, refers to the appropriate specialized specialist and monitors the general course of treatment (for example, if vision problems are detected, to an ophthalmologist, if heart disease is suspected, to a cardiologist).

    What does the pediatrician treat?

    First of all, the pediatrician must diagnose and carry out the necessary treatment of infectious diseases (influenza and acute respiratory infections, dysentery, whooping cough, measles, rubella, scarlet fever, chickenpox, mumps), food poisoning, etc. In addition, the pediatrician must diagnose heart disease and vessels, respiratory system, liver and kidneys, a number of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, lesions of the nervous system, metabolic disorders, infectious lesions.

    If the need arises, he will prescribe additional examinations and tests, treatment, issue a certificate or a sanatorium card and solve many other issues related to the child’s health.

    What additional examinations can a pediatrician prescribe?

    • General blood test
    • General urine analysis
    • Coprological examination (feces analysis)
    • Biochemical blood test
    • Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity
    • Ultrasound of the brain (neurosonography)
    • Chest X-ray
    • Consultation of narrow specialists
    • The need for certain examinations in each individual case is determined by the doctor.

    All your questions will be answered with pleasure by pediatricians CDC “Children’s Health”,

    Registration by phone (3852) 722-722

    The importance of choosing a qualified pediatrician for your child

    Today, parents in the medical center treat the choice of a pediatric doctor with particular care. They preliminarily collect the necessary information and analyze a number of important factors. First of all, the level of qualifications of specialists, their work experience and the schedule of pediatricians are assessed.After all, it is these doctors that they trust the most precious thing in their life – their child.

    What are the main functions of a pediatrician in a clinic

    From the first days of life, in different crucial periods of growing up, medical specialists are next to little patients. A child may need a pediatrician in a variety of situations. At the earliest stage, he assesses the level of physical and neuropsychic development of the baby, gives important recommendations for preventive measures, including feeding and hardening.

    A medical pediatrician must check the condition of girls and boys who are going to go to kindergarten, school or attend the sports section. He defines a health group for children and recommends to parents the allowable degree of stress. His qualifications allow him to diagnose various diseases in a timely manner. Additionally, he constantly monitors the latest methods of modern medicine, evaluates the possibility of their application in therapy and pharmacology.

    When examining the baby, the pediatrician determines his condition, prescribes, if necessary, a set of measures for additional examination and testing. After receiving the results of the study, treatment is prescribed or a referral is issued to specialized specialists.

    When to see a pediatrician

    Initially, it is mandatory to visit a specialist for the purpose of a routine examination, which is performed:

    • Before the baby is born.The pediatrician at the clinic accepts the expectant mother during her pregnancy, conducts the necessary research and, taking into account her place of residence, puts her on record.
    • After discharge from the hospital. As a rule, the first visit of the baby to the doctor is carried out in the first month after birth.
    • He visits a newborn at his home several times. A scheduled visit to a specialist is mandatory. Within its framework, the baby is examined, he is weighed and his height is measured.
    • During the first year of life.Parents bring the child to the pediatrician’s appointment monthly. The doctor monitors the development of the baby, the implementation of planned vaccinations and responds in a timely manner to possible deviations.
    • After the first year of life. A specialist is usually consulted as needed. As part of an unscheduled examination, the doctor prescribes treatment, monitors the development of the child and his well-being.

    Our clinic employs highly professional, experienced pediatricians with specialized specialized education.You can sign up for them at the most convenient time. They constantly improve their qualifications, study new methods of treatment and prevention in order to provide the most prompt and effective assistance to a child at any stage of his development.

    Site of the Scientific and Practical Journal for Doctors “Pediatrician”

    ISSN 2079-7850 Key title: Pediatr (Sankt-Peterburg)

    Abbreviated key title: Pediatr (St.-Peterbg.) Distributed through subscription

    Electronic version http: // www.elibrary.ru

    “PEDIATR” (Pediatrician) is a quarterly biomedical journal for physicians founded in 2010 in St. Petersburg, Russia by St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University and “N-L Publishers” public corporation that focuses in publishing medical journals. Its major goal is to proffer diverse up-to-date fundamental and clinical information for medical professionals ranging from post-graduate students to Professors and from young Interns to Head Doctors. The journal offers the latest achievements in all fields of Pediatrics as well as other medical specialties and results of basic research.Most of its contents consists of original papers but also includes reviews, brief description of interesting clinical cases, essay on history of medicine, etc. The Journal presents possibilities for on-line exchange of information between various scientific schools and groups inside the Russian Federation and ex-USSR states as well as foreign countries. The Journal may be used also for announcements and reports from National and International conferences and symposiums, book reviews, etc. All manuscripts offered for publishing in the Journal are subject after primary screening to scrupulous double-blind reviewing by leading medical specialists (neither the reviewer knows who the author is nor the author is aware of the reviewer’s identity) guaranteeing objectivity of reviewing and high quality of every published paper.

    St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University and “N-L Publishers” Public Corporation

    Publisher: “N-L Publishers” Public Corporation

    Vitaliy G. Rodin – Director General

    L.F. Titova – Editor of the Issue

    A.S. Pereverzev – Maker-up

    E. N. Dumova – Proofreader

    Address: 17th, Avtovskaya Str., St. Petersburg, 198152, Russia;

    Phone / Fax: +7 (812) 784-97-51; e-mail: [email protected] Format 60 × 90 1/8.

    Conventional sheets 11 “NL Publishers” Public Corporation at “Svetlitsa” Public Corporation, number of (printed) copies 1000 Complete or partial reproduction of all publications of the Journal, either electronically or in any other form, altering it, or its use for public or commercial purposes shall be subject to prior written agreement from the Editorial Office and with compulsory reference to “Pediatr” Journal

    Preparing for kindergarten

    In the life of every child , it is time to enter kindergarten or school.In order for a child to be admitted to an educational institution, he must be healthy, and he must have correctly completed the Child’s medical card for educational institutions, form 026 / y, approved by Order of the Ministry of Health of Russia dated 03.07.2000, No. 241.

    How to get a medical card for kindergarten

    Before entering kindergarten , you must contact the pediatrician to issue a child’s medical record. It usually takes two pediatric visits.On the first visit, the doctor will examine the child and issue the necessary referrals for research and consultations with specialist doctors. On the second visit, on the basis of the provided conclusions and analyzes, the pediatrician will fill out a medical card and write his opinion on the child’s health. The health group will also be marked in the medical record, general recommendations will be given to the health worker of the childcare institution about the loads, the child’s regimen and how to carry out preventive vaccinations.

    What tests need to be passed to issue a child’s medical record

    • clinical blood test
    • blood glucose test
    • general urinalysis
    • scraping for enterobiasis
    • feces for eggs of helminths and protozoa

    List of specialist doctors, whose examinations are required when making a medical card

    1. The orthopedist will examine the child’s skeleton and ligaments, check the posture and the presence of flat feet.If there are deviations, he will give recommendations on how to prevent the progression of the disease.
    2. The surgeon will rule out hernias, testicular problems in boys, the presence of soft tissue formations, diseases that may require surgery.
    3. The otolaryngologist will examine the ENT organs for foci of chronic infections, adenoid growths, allergic rhinitis and other diseases.
    4. The ophthalmologist will check the visual acuity, the condition of the muscular apparatus of the eyes, the presence of strabismus.
    5. A neurologist will check reflexes, muscle tone and the functioning of the nervous system, assess speech and neuropsychic development, eliminate the main problems – neuroses, sleep disorders and adaptation.
    6. The dermatologist will examine the child’s skin, nails and hair for the presence of infectious and allergic diseases. An examination by this specialist is carried out for a child after 3 years.
    7. Speech therapist will assess the level of development and correctness of speech.
    8. The psychologist will check for adaptation problems, communication difficulties, and other potential and existing problems.
    9. A pediatric gynecologist (for girls) and a urologist (for boys) will check the condition of the child’s reproductive system.
    10. The pediatric dentist will examine the child’s teeth and, if necessary, prescribe treatment and preventive procedures.

    The pediatrician may prescribe additional examinations of specialist doctors if the child, upon examination, reveals problems with the heart, kidneys, digestive organs, endocrine system. If a child is registered with some specialist, then his conclusion is mandatory!

    Necessary vaccinations

    The pediatrician will check that all necessary vaccinations are available according to the vaccination schedule.The presence of the result of the Mantoux reaction for the current calendar year is mandatory. If some vaccinations are not enough, vaccination will need to be completed at least 2-3 months before entering the kindergarten (especially if it is a polio vaccine). If you do not have time for the deadline, then it is better to postpone the vaccination, and finish the vaccinations after the child has adapted to the kindergarten.

    In case of refusal of vaccinations, parents issue an official refusal of vaccinations with a maximum period of 1 year.

    Contraindications for visiting kindergarten

    • infectious diseases
    • exacerbation of chronic diseases
    • recently transferred measles, whooping cough, mumps, chickenpox (until the end of the regulated periods of quarantine and isolation)
    • the presence of pathogens of intestinal or respiratory infections (salmonellosis, diphtheria, streptococcus, staphylococci, etc.)
    • malignant disease of blood or other organs, tuberculosis
    • epilepsy, mental disorders, severe neuroses, diabetes mellitus

    The medical examination carried out before registration in a kindergarten should help to provide the doctor and parents with a complete picture of the child’s health, which will help to give recommendations on how to improve his body.

    Getting used to the new environment of the kindergarten

    If the kindergarten is located in your area, try to walk with your child near it closer to September. Pay the baby’s attention to children playing in the kindergarten, especially if there are acquaintances and friends of the child among them. You can sometimes even meet them at the kindergarten.

    At least once, be sure to take the baby with you to kindergarten, for example, when you go to draw up documents – ask permission to look into the rooms, to the gym or music hall.

    Gradually, during the summer, adjust the child’s daily routine to the daily routine in kindergarten, especially when it comes to getting up early – no later than eight in the morning.

    After lunch, your little one should sleep for at least one hour, or at least lie down with a book or toy. You should go to bed no later than 21 hours.

    “Homework” for adaptation to kindergarten.

    • It is necessary to regulate bowel movements in the child, preferably in the morning and at home, otherwise this problem can cause complexes in your baby.

    · It is necessary to teach the child to use toilet paper – in case the bowel movement occurs in kindergarten.

    • The kid should be able to wash his hands with soap and water and blow his nose into a handkerchief.
    • You should also teach your child how to use a spoon and fork, eat carefully, not talk while eating, not be distracted, chew food well, not put a lot of food in your mouth – in a word, eat beautifully.

    The baby must be hardened. Of course, ideally, this should become a part of every person’s daily life, but if you have not yet become a supporter of a healthy lifestyle, it is never too late to start.

    Individual characteristics of the child.

    The period of adaptation in the kindergarten team is different for each child. In one, this is manifested by acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI), in the other – by disturbances in the functioning of the intestines (constipation, diarrhea), in the third – irritability, tearfulness, rapid mood swings, etc.etc.

    Therefore, consult with the child’s supervising pediatrician about the prescription of prophylactic medications that can be used before entering kindergarten and in the first weeks of staying in it.

    Unfortunately, the more greenhouse conditions the child had at home, and the later he goes to kindergarten, the more likely that the period of adaptation will be problematic for him. Remember that the child should be left at home at the first sign of illness and not taken to kindergarten until he has fully recovered.

    Despite the fact that adaptation to kindergarten can be quite painful, most doctors also note positive aspects – for example, many babies who ate poorly at home start eating with appetite in kindergarten. And there can be a lot of such moments.

    Requirements for a child’s clothing in kindergarten.

    For children going to younger groups, special attention should be paid to self-care skills and, above all, to the ability to dress and undress.When choosing clothes for a child, you need to avoid the presence of small buttons and buttons, hooks, laces on it.

    Do not wear tight swimming trunks and panties for boys, as well as tight trousers. Children’s clothing should be made of natural fabrics: cotton or in combination with viscose, light natural wool.

    Particular attention should be paid to socks and tights – they should also be made from natural fabrics. Otherwise, the child’s feet will be constantly wet and cold. In addition, baby’s clothes should have clear front-back landmarks, as well as a large, easy-to-dress neckline or fastener.It is desirable that the child has at least one pocket on his clothes, where he can carry his “treasures”.

    90,000 Where to start preparing your child for school and kindergarten. Pediatrician advice from Primorye

    27 August 2021 13:30

    Where to start preparing your child for school and kindergarten. Pediatrician advice from Primorye

    Alexandra Gorshkova, pediatrician, chief physician of the children’s polyclinic No. 5 in Vladivostok, told in an interview how to adapt a child to the regime after the summer holidays and prepare for school and kindergarten.

    Preparing a child for school and kindergarten life. Where should parents start?

    – You should start by organizing the correct daily routine. The first step is the phased preparation of the future student (kindergarden) for an early rise.

    If your child likes to sleep longer, then you need to wake him up daily 5-10 minutes earlier than usual. Also monitor bedtime. Make sure that the child sleeps for at least 8-9 hours.You need to start this process 1.5-2 months before September 1 for first graders.

    But for preschoolers entering kindergarten, you can start preparing even earlier – in 3-6 months.

    But even now, this issue can be monitored on a daily basis, thus helping the child to more easily adapt to early waking up.

    What examinations are needed for children?

    – Before starting school for the first time, it is recommended to examine children as much as possible.After all, the child must be ready for both mental stress and physical stress. To begin with, go through a standard medical examination at a polyclinic. And if deviations are found, contact the specialists of the polyclinic.

    Can this be done in city clinics?

    – Yes, of course, since May, such medical examinations have been carried out for children assigned to budgetary clinics, according to the compulsory medical insurance policy.

    Today, a large number of ophthalmological, orthopedic and endocrine diseases are detected in children, including those of preschool age.We doctors talk about the scale of the disaster due to sedentary lifestyles, gadget obsession, and unhealthy eating habits that lead to weight gain.

    Is it important to identify health abnormalities before entering school or kindergarten?

    – If something is wrong, the doctor can notice problems in time and make recommendations. Parents will have time to take action as soon as possible – to start treatment (correction), submit a certificate so that the student can choose the appropriate group for physical education, decide which clubs should start going straight away and what, on the contrary, to postpone.

    Photo – Alexander Safronov

    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics

    Head of the Department of Hypertension and Pediatrics

    Doctor of Medicine, Professor

    Roitman Elena Isaakovna

    Contact phone 63-53-51

    https: // teams.microsoft.com/l/meetup-join/19%3a39909e4965f24398ae54603ef8ae6ed8%40thread.tacv2/1635254955194?context=%7b%22Tid%22%3a%2296af7fe0-80b0-4de8-861b-b1fe88ea%22%22 % 22c6e55e93-d098-4541-83ca-ad9adbeb6ae6% 22% 7d

    The Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics was organized at the IMO by order No. 641 of 15.11.1994 on the basis of the CSTO in Veliky Novgorod. From September 1996 to the present time the head of the department was elected Roitman Elena Isaakovna – doctor of medical sciences, professor, excellent worker in public health, head of postgraduate studies, clinical residency and internship of the department, author of more than 200 publications, 3 monographs, 22 educational methodical recommendations.

    During the first four years, the head teacher of the department was Olga Georgievna Filyanskaya – candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, excellent health worker, neonatologist, author of more than 50 publications and teaching aids. Since September 1996, for 10 years, Marina Arkadyevna Chirkunova worked as a senior laboratory assistant of the department. The first employees of the department mastered the clinical base in the regional children’s clinical hospital and created educational and methodological support for the educational process.
    The department conducts training of students in pediatrics in specialties : “General Medicine”, “Nursing”, “Dentistry”, as well as teaching medical genetics in the specialty “General Medicine”; pediatrics and fundamentals of genetics for students in 3 specialties of INPO.
    Over the past 4 years, the department has been conducting a series of lectures and seminars “Selected chapters of pediatrics” under the FPK program “Family Medicine”.
    Since 1997, the training of doctors in the clinical residency and postgraduate studies at has been opened, and since 2002 – in the clinical internship . More than 70 clinical residents have been trained, which is especially important for the practical health care of the city and region. In order to provide assistance to practical health care, clinical residents of the department took part in the general medical examination of the child population in 3 districts of the region and worked as pediatricians in the districts of the region (Soletsky, Kholmsky, Volotovsky, Novgorodsky, Starorussky and in the sanatorium p.Sosnovka “Mother and Child”), which significantly enriched their practical experience.
    The main scientific direction of the department is the study of the modern problem of obesity and metabolic syndrome in children. Based on the results of scientific research of the Department of Pediatrics, since 2000, for the first time in Russia, on the basis of the CSTO in Veliky Novgorod, we have introduced a method of rehabilitation for obese children under the program “School for an overweight child.” Medical University assistant O.A. Semyonova defended her Ph.D. thesis on the topic “Rehabilitation of obese children in the conditions of“ School for an overweight child ”. Scientific adviser MD, prof. E.I. Roitman, scientific consultant – prof. V.A. Owl. In 2010, the assistant A. B. Ershevskaya at the Dissertation Council of the Russian State Medical University named after Pirogova N.P. Ph.D. thesis was defended on the topic “Rehabilitation of children with constitutional-exogenous obesity according to the program” School for an overweight child “in a sanatorium” (scientific supervisor, Dr. med.D., Professor Roitman E.I.).
    Completed and successfully defended at the Dissertation Council of NovSU named after Yaroslav the Wise 2 scientific researches in the volume of Ph.D. Larina (supervisor – prof. E.I. Roitman, supervisor – prof. V.R. Weber) topic “Features of hemodynamic and autonomic responses to cold and psychoemotional stress in obese patients in the gender-age aspect”, full-time postgraduate student O.M. … Miroshnichenko theme “Age features of the remodeling of the heart and blood vessels in obese patients” (supervisor – prof.E.I. Roitman, head – prof. V.R. Weber).

    Currently, the applicant for the department is Pavlova Klavdiya Nikolaevna, who performs scientific work on the topic: “Rehabilitation of children with CEA and metabolic changes in the dynamics of sanatorium treatment.”
    The ranks of researchers – young scientists are replenished. So, at the final scientific and practical conferences at the section of young scientists, more than 15 messages were presented over the past 5 years.
    The staff of the CSTO, clinical residents and students are involved in the scientific research of the department.From 1996 to 2017, inclusive of everything, published: 5 monographs, 35 educational and methodological recommendations (2 with a stamp) and more than 138 articles and abstracts.
    Since the founding of the department, scientific student circle has been working, whose participants prepared 42 reports for the final scientific and practical conferences and published more than 30 scientific works.
    The staff of the department takes an active part in the clinical work of the clinic, conducts rounds, consultations, seminars and conferences, participates in the work of the Society of Pediatricians and LCC.
    The main achievements of the department are: the creation of a complete educational and methodological support of the educational process at all faculties using a computer class (training and monitoring programs).

    The Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics has gone through the process of formation and formation of a highly professional team capable of ensuring the implementation of educational and scientific goals and objectives at a modern material and technical level.

    The work of the department staff was highly and adequately appreciated by the management of IMO NovGU and the region:
    – Professor E.I. Roitman was awarded the Jubilee Medal “Millennium of Enlightenment in the Land of Novgorod”, the Certificate of Honor of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, twice – the Certificate of Honor of the Health Committee of Veliky Novgorod, in honor of the 10th anniversary of the IMO – the Letter of Thanks from the President of Novgorod State University A.L. Gavrikov, certificate of honor and medal “Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education”.
    – Associate Professor S.V. Studenikov – Certificate of Merit of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Certificate of Merit of the Regional Health Protection Committee;
    – Associate Professor L.V. Sechenev – Certificate of Merit of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Certificate of Honor of the Committee for Health Protection of the Region’s Population;
    – head of the methodological office M.A. Chirkunov – Letter of thanks from the President of NovSU A.L. Gavrikov in honor of the 10th anniversary of the IMO.