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Treatments for flatulence: Digestive Gas & Flatulence: Common Causes & Treatments

Digestive Gas & Flatulence: Common Causes & Treatments

Written by WebMD Editorial Contributors

  • Which Foods Are Most Likely to Cause Gas?
  • What Are the Symptoms of Gas?
  • Could Gas Be a Sign of a Medical Problem?
  • How Are Gas-Related Illnesses Diagnosed?
  • What Are the Treatments for Gas?
  • What Can I Do to Swallow Less Air and Reduce Gas?
  • More

Gas is a normal result of the foods you eat. As your digestive system does its thing, it makes gas.

Usually, you get rid of gas through your mouth (burping) or through your anus (flatulence). People gas about 20 times a day. It’s an ordinary occurrence, but it can be painful and embarrassing.

You make gas in two ways: when you swallow air, and when the bacteria in your large intestine help digest your food.

Undigested food moves from the small intestine to the large intestine. Once it gets there, the bacteria go to work, making hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane, which then leave your body.

Not everyone will get gas from the same foods.

You also swallow air when you eat and drink. This helps make gas. You usually release swallowed air by burping it. Whatever isn’t released by burping goes into the small or large intestine, where it’s released as flatulence.

You’re most likely to get gas by eating carbs, which are found in foods like:

  • Beans
  • Vegetables (especially broccoli, cabbage, and onions)
  • Fruits
  • Dairy products
  • Whole-grain foods
  • Soft drinks
  • Fruit drinks

In addition to burping and flatulence, you may feel bloated. You could also have pain in your belly or sides. That pain could be mistaken for something else, like a heart attack or appendicitis.

Chronic belching may be a sign of trouble in your upper digestive tract, like ulcers or gastroesophageal reflux disease. You may hear this called GERD.

Many things cause bloating, including:

  • Fluid build up
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Colon cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • A hernia
  • Constipation
  • Lactose intolerance 
  • Celiac disease
  • And many others

Since diet is the main cause of gas, your doctor will want to know about the foods you eat and your symptoms. They may ask you to keep a record of what you eat and drink to help them identify foods that cause you trouble. They may also ask you to keep track of how often you pass gas.

You may have to stop eating certain foods. For example, if lactose intolerance is believed to be the cause, you’ll probably have to cut down on dairy.

If bloating is a problem, your doctor may examine you to rule out different things.

If you have chronic belching, your doctor will look for signs that you swallow a lot of air. If they think you do, they’ll look for a cause. They may get an X-ray of your esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestine – they may call it your GI tract — to rule out disease.

Gas problems are treated by changing your diet and by training yourself to swallow less air. There are also prescription and over-the-counter medications that can help.

Changing your diet will mean getting rid of the foods that cause gas. Unfortunately, this may also result in you having fewer nutritious foods. Ask your doctor to help you build a diet that’s healthy but doesn’t cause much gas.

Over-the-counter medications include:

  • Antacids — especially those that contain simethicone
  • Probiotics — used to help inhibit the growth of bad bacteria and add good bacteria to the digestive tract
  • Lactase products such as Lactaid and Dairy Ease — may help people with lactose intolerance
  • Beano — contains the enzyme that helps digest sugars in beans and many other vegetables

Your doctor may prescribe drugs to help move food through your digestive system. Medicines that do that may also move gas through quicker.

To swallow less air, you can try:

  • Cutting out gum or hard candy
  • Eating more slowly
  • Making sure any dentures you wear fit properly
  • Not drinking through straws

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Farting (flatulence) – NHS

Farting, also known as flatulence or wind, is normal. There are things you can do if you fart a lot or it’s smelly. Sometimes it can be a sign of a health condition.

Check if your farting is normal

Farting is usually nothing to worry about. Everyone farts, some people more than others.

What’s normal is different for everyone. If you notice a change or it’s affecting your life, there are things you can do.

Things you can do to cut down excessive or smelly farts


  • eat smaller meals, more often

  • drink or chew food slowly, with your mouth closed

  • exercise regularly to improve how your body digests food

  • drink peppermint tea


  • do not chew gum, smoke, or suck pen tops or hard sweets (to avoid swallowing air)

  • do not wear loose-fitting dentures

  • do not eat too many foods that are difficult to digest and make you fart

  • do not drink too much beer, wine or fruit juice

Food and drinks that can make you fart

  • cabbage
  • broccoli
  • cauliflower
  • brussels sprouts
  • pulses, like beans or lentils
  • dried fruit, like raisins or apricots
  • onions
  • food or drinks containing the sweetener sorbitol
  • fizzy drinks and beer

A pharmacist can help with excessive or smelly farts

Speak to a pharmacist about excessive or smelly farts.

They might be able to tell you:

  • if you can buy something to help – for example, charcoal tablets or special underwear and pads that absorb smells
  • if you should see a GP

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:

  • farting is affecting your life and self help and pharmacy treatments have not worked
  • you have a stomach ache or bloating that will not go away or comes back
  • you keep getting constipation or diarrhoea
  • you have lost weight without trying
  • you’ve had blood in your poo for 3 weeks

What causes excessive or smelly farts

Excessive or smelly farts can be caused when you swallow air or eat foods that are difficult to digest. It can also sometimes be a sign of a health condition.

Do not self-diagnose. See a GP if you’re worried about your farting.

Possible causes of farting
SymptomsPossible causes
Difficulty pooing and stomach painConstipation
Bloating, stomach pain with diarrhoea or constipation that comes and goesIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Indigestion, constipation, diarrhoea and stomach painCoeliac disease
Diarrhoea, bloating, stomach pain, feeling sickLactose intolerance

Excessive or smelly wind can also be a side effect of some medicines, including:

  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), like ibuprofen
  • some laxatives
  • antifungal medicines
  • statins

Do not stop or change your medicine without speaking to a GP first.

Page last reviewed: 07 June 2022
Next review due: 07 June 2025

Flatulence – Hadassah Medical Moscow


Flatulence is a condition in which an excessive amount of gases accumulates in the gastrointestinal tract. It is associated with their increased education or impaired output. Most often, gases accumulate in the stomach, but can also be found in the folds of the colon. Symptoms of flatulence occur in all people – including healthy ones. They may appear due to overeating,

the use of gas-producing or indigestible foods. Also, flatulence is a sign of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. If you often experience bloating and it makes you uncomfortable, see your doctor.

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Symptoms of bloating

From time to time, the symptoms of bloating occur in absolutely all people. Gases accumulated in the gastrointestinal tract can be expelled through belching, rectum, exhalation, and blood. Flatulence is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Frequent belching of air;
  • Fullness in abdomen;
  • Frequent rumbling in the abdomen;
  • Depressive mood, insomnia;
  • Sensation of pressure under the stomach;

Fast food satiety.

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Causes of flatulence

Gas production in the gastrointestinal tract is not a disease, but a natural process. However, an increase in this symptom can occur with many diseases. Among the non-pathological causes of flatulence are nutritional features. Can cause gas by eating:

  • Gas-forming products – cabbage, legumes, sweet apples, carbonated drinks;
  • Foods that cause fermentation in the stomach – black bread, sinewy meat, beer, kvass;
  • Dairy products;
  • Mineral water.

Pathological causes of flatulence include:

  • Parasitic infection;
  • Infectious process in the intestines;
  • Dysbacteriosis;
  • Acute inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract – enteritis, pancreatitis, colitis;
  • Intestinal obstruction.

Also, pregnant women suffer from flatulence in the later stages: the fetus and the enlarged uterus compress the intestinal loops. Bloating can also occur due to neurotic conditions in which the regulation in the gastrointestinal tract is disturbed.

Methods for diagnosing bloating

If flatulence begins to cause discomfort, you should consult a doctor. Diagnosis of bloating is done by a gastroenterologist. After collecting an anamnesis and palpation of the abdomen, he will send for the following studies:

Complete and biochemical analysis of blood

General analysis of feces

Complete analysis of urine

Analysis for tumor markers and markers of intestinal inflammation

Endoscopic examination of the stomach with biopsy

Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity

9000 2 CRT and MRI


Meteorism treatment methods

Approach to the treatment of flatulence is selected by a gastroenterologist based on the diagnostic results. Usually, therapy includes taking medications to break down gases and normalize the microflora of the colon. The patient is prescribed:

  • Enzymes. Improve the digestive system, provide good absorption – Festal, Pancreatin;
  • Sorbents. Reduce the formation of gases – Phosphalugel, Enterosgel;
  • Carminatives. Promote the release of gases from the intestines – Espumizan;
  • Prokinetics. Facilitate the movement of food through the intestines – Domperidone, Cerucal;
  • Probiotics and prebiotics. Improve microflora – Bifiform, Lineks.

If the diagnosis showed that the patient has diseases in the gastrointestinal tract, the treatment tactics are selected based on it. In case of intolerance to synthetic drugs, remedies from natural ingredients are prescribed – based on dill or fennel. Treatment of flatulence also includes following a special diet with the exclusion of gas-forming products.

Prevention and treatment programs for flatulence at the Hadassah Clinic

Nutrition is the main thing in the prevention of bloating. If it is possible to exclude gas-producing foods from the diet, then the likelihood of flatulence will be minimal. Also remember the following tips:

  • If you have lactose intolerance, avoid dairy products;
  • Be active and exercise;
  • Avoid chewing gums, sodas and hard candies;
  • Increase the amount of plant foods in your diet.

Flatulence is a common problem. If it gives you discomfort, contact the Hadassah clinic in Moscow. Specialists will conduct a comprehensive diagnosis, determine the cause of such a phenomenon and prescribe an effective treatment.

Text verified by an expert doctor

Olga Pavlovna

Endocrinologist, dietitian, Ph.D.

Work experience: 11 years

Published: 06/27/2022

Updated: 06/27/2022

The information provided on the site is for reference only and cannot serve as a basis for making a diagnosis or prescribing treatment. Internal consultation of the expert is necessary.

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Causes, diagnosis, treatment | Directory KLRTS

Moscow, st. Partizanskaya, 41

medical and rehabilitation center.

What is flatulence

Flatulence is the accumulation of gases in the intestines due to their entry from the caecum.
Flatulence occurs after overeating or constantly as a result of diseases of the digestive system. In this case, you need to consult a doctor to identify the causes of the appearance of an unpleasant condition.


In addition to overeating and food intolerance, increased gas formation develops due to the progression of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, cholecystitis, dysbacteriosis, gastritis, duodenitis, pancreatitis, colitis, intestinal obstruction, etc.
In adult patients, often the reason lies in the lunch on the run at a fast pace. In addition, a lack of enzymes, a disturbed intestinal microflora, can provoke the production of gases. In some cases, after operations in the peritoneal region, the motor activity of the intestine slows down, which is why the products are slowly processed.


By itself, flatulence is not dangerous for humans, but sometimes, together with other symptoms, the accumulation of gases indicates a pathological condition of the digestive tract. Among these signs it should be noted:

  • bloating with feeling of fullness,
  • rumbling belly,
  • abdominal augmentation,
  • burp,
  • uncontrolled release of gases with and without odor,
  • stool disorder (alternating diarrhea and constipation),
  • heartburn,
  • pain and cutting in the abdomen.

If this clinical picture occurs frequently and the reason for its development is not malnutrition, then you need to consult a doctor.

Which doctor treats flatulence

With any problems of impaired functioning of the digestive tract, they turn to a gastroenterologist. To consult with a doctor, you must first make an appointment with a gastroenterologist, to do this, choose any method convenient for you:

  • order a call back,
  • leave an application for an appointment, through a convenient form on the website:

Flatulence is a phenomenon that requires serious attention from both the patient and the attending physician.

IMPORTANT! The fact is that increased gas formation can appear both due to a certain nature of food (coarse, requiring long digestion), and due to the occurrence of a pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.

In any case, it is necessary to refuse self-treatment, which will certainly lead to complications. Make an appointment with the gastroenterologist of the Kuntsevsky Medical and Rehabilitation Center to determine the causes of flatulence and determine the treatment tactics to eliminate the symptom.


Methods of treatment

To normalize the motor function of the intestine, the gastroenterologist develops a complex treatment. As part of therapy, he prescribes taking pharmacological agents to normalize the microflora of the colon and split gases:

  • enzymes of various groups to restore the missing elements in the body,
  • sorbents to reduce bloating,
  • prokinetics that speed up the movement of food through the intestines and promote the removal of gases,
  • bubble destroyers,
  • probiotics and prebiotics, which facilitate the digestion of food in the intestines.

If, according to the results of the tests, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are detected, the gastroenterologist selects a therapy aimed at eradicating their cause.

Rehabilitation and restoration of lifestyle

Since many foods provoke gas formation, legumes, potatoes, cabbage, lamb, kvass, beer and soda should be abandoned. Smoking and bad habits also negatively affect intestinal motility, so it is important to get rid of addiction.
The gastroenterologist advises to give up chewing gums, because. they produce the production of gastric juice, and also chew food thoroughly, while not drinking it with water.

Why you need to treat flatulence with us

Experienced gastroenterologists conduct appointments at the Kuntsevsky medical and rehabilitation center, located a stone’s throw from the Molodezhnaya metro station. They regularly improve their skills and learn new methods of treatment, helping to cure the disease in a short time. Doctors not only carry out symptomatic treatment, but also identify the true cause of increased gas formation so that flatulence does not occur again.


  1. Flatulence syndrome: causes and possibilities of treatment / Golovenko O.V. etc.// Farmateka – 2009 – No. 2.
  2. Flatulence: a modern view on the pathogenesis and methods of correction / Poluektova A.E.// Directory of a polyclinic doctor – 2008 – No. 6.
  3. Excessive intestinal gas syndrome: clinical significance and principles of therapy / Butorova L.

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