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What foods cause gas pains: Sensitive Stomachs: Secrets to Gas Control


Sensitive Stomachs: Secrets to Gas Control

The average person passes gas 14 to 23 times a day. Knowing it’s healthy and normal doesn’t always keep it from being embarrassing. If you’re tired of silly jokes and occasional upset, a few simple tips may help you take charge of bloating and gassiness.

Watch What You Eat

The friendly bacteria in our guts help digest foods that our bodies have trouble breaking down. These bacteria also produce gas, usually as they digest food in the large intestines. Foods most often linked to intestinal gas include:

  • Beans and lentils
  • Asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and other vegetables
  • Fructose, a natural sugar found in artichokes, onions, pears, wheat, and some soft drinks
  • Lactose, the natural sugar found in milk
  • Fruits, oat bran, peas, and other foods high in soluble fiber, which gets digested in your large intestine
  • Corn, pasta, potatoes, and other foods rich in starch
  • Sorbitol, the artificial sweetener
  • Whole grains, such as brown rice, oatmeal, and whole wheat

That list covers a whole lot of healthy food, but you don’t have to severely restrict your diet. Most likely just a few give you gas. “Some people have problems digesting milk. Others don’t,” says Lawrence R. Kosinski, MD, MBA, a spokesman for the American Gastroenterological Association. “And food sensitivities may change with age. Many people develop problems digesting milk products as they get older, for instance.”

Two simple steps can help you discover your problem foods.

  1. Keep a food diary. When you have bloating or gas, look back over the foods you’ve eaten within the last few hours – that’s typically when gas occurs.
  2. Experiment, one by one, with the foods you suspect. Eat one of the foods by itself. Does it give you gas? If not, wait a day, then experiment with another of your suspect foods. Keep going through the list on different days until you find the food that gives you gas.

Adjust Your Diet

The best way to reduce gassiness is to avoid foods that cause problems. If a healthy food gives you gas – such as whole grains and vegetables — reduce the amount you eat. Then, gradually start eating more of the food – increasing the amount bit by bit over weeks – to give your digestive system time to adjust.

Consider a Supplement

Some supplements contain digestive enzymes that break down hard-to-digest foods. You can buy the enzyme lactase over the counter if dairy products give you gas. A product called Beano helps break down gas-producing sugars in beans.

Avoid Swallowing Air

We all swallow small amounts of air. That’s normal. When we swallow too much air – called aerophagia — it causes abdominal bloating, gas, or belching. Pay attention to things you do that may make you swallow more air than you need, such as:

  • Chewing gum
  • Drinking carbonated sodas
  • Eating too quickly
  • Smoking
  • Wearing loose dentures

Stress can also make you swallow too much air. “Often people aren’t even aware that they’re gulping down air,” Kosinski says. “If you’re feeling anxious or [are] under a lot of stress, look for ways to relax. Or talk to your doctor about stress reduction techniques.”

Get Moving

Walking, bicycling, running, and other forms of exercise can help move gas through your digestive tract, easing bloating.

Talk to Your Doctor if You’re Worried

If lifestyle changes don’t help, and you’re bloated or gassy often, talk to your doctor.

“Bloating or abnormal amounts of intestinal gas can be a symptom of celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, bacterial overgrowth, or problems associated with the pancreas,” Kosinski says. “Certain medications can also cause intestinal gas. So it’s definitely important to mention it to your doctor if you’re worried.”

Your doctor may suggest tests to rule out underlying problems. If the culprit is simply the foods you love, your doctor can also prescribe medicine — a gastrointestinal stimulant — that moves gas through your intestines more quickly.

Gas and gas pains – Symptoms and causes


Gas in your digestive system is part of the normal process of digestion. Getting rid of excess gas, either by burping or passing gas (flatus), also is normal. Gas pain may occur if gas is trapped or not moving well through your digestive system.

An increase in gas or gas pain may result from eating foods that are more likely to produce gas. Often, relatively simple changes in eating habits can lessen bothersome gas.

Certain digestive system disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome or celiac disease, may cause — in addition to other signs and symptoms — an increase in gas or gas pain.


Signs or symptoms of gas or gas pains include:

  • Burping
  • Passing gas
  • Pain, cramps or a knotted feeling in your abdomen
  • A feeling of fullness or pressure in your abdomen (bloating)
  • An observable increase in the size of your abdomen (distention)

Burping is normal, particularly during or right after a meal. Most people pass gas up to 20 times a day. Therefore, while having gas may be inconvenient or embarrassing, burping and passing gas are rarely by themselves a sign of a medical problem.

When to see a doctor

Talk to your doctor if your gas or gas pains are so persistent or severe that they interfere with your ability to function well in daily life. Gas or gas pains accompanied by other signs or symptoms may indicate more-serious conditions. See your doctor if you experience any of these additional signs or symptoms:

  • Bloody stools
  • Change in consistency of stools
  • Change in frequency of bowel movements
  • Weight loss
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Persistent or recurrent nausea or vomiting

Seek immediate care if you experience:

  • Prolonged abdominal pain
  • Chest pain


Gas in your stomach is primarily caused by swallowing air when you eat or drink. Most stomach gas is released when you burp.

Gas forms in your large intestine (colon) when bacteria ferment carbohydrates — fiber, some starches and some sugars — that aren’t digested in your small intestine. Bacteria also consume some of that gas, but the remaining gas is released when you pass gas from your anus.

Common foods that cause gas

Certain high-fiber foods may cause gas, including:

  • Beans and peas (legumes)
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains

While high-fiber foods increase gas production, fiber is essential for keeping your digestive tract in good working order and regulating blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Other dietary factors

Other dietary factors that can contribute to increased gas in the digestive system include the following:

  • Carbonated beverages, such as soda and beer, increase stomach gas.
  • Eating habits, such as eating too quickly, drinking through a straw, chewing gum, sucking on candies or talking while chewing results in swallowing more air.
  • Fiber supplements containing psyllium, such as Metamucil, may increase colon gas.
  • Sugar substitutes, or artificial sweeteners, such as sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol, found in some sugar-free foods and beverages may cause excess colon gas.

Medical conditions

Medical conditions that may increase intestinal gas, bloating or gas pain include the following:

  • Chronic intestinal disease. Excess gas is often a symptom of chronic intestinal conditions, such as diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth. An increase or change in the bacteria in the small intestine can cause excess gas, diarrhea and weight loss.
  • Food intolerances. Gas or bloating may occur if your digestive system can’t break down and absorb certain foods, such as the sugar in dairy products (lactose) or proteins such as gluten in wheat and other grains.
  • Constipation. Constipation may make it difficult to pass gas.

14 Foods That Cause Gas, Constipation, Diarrhea and Bloating

Dana Tepper

It doesn’t matter how great your day is going. If you’re experiencing bloating and gas — common side effects of indigestion — it’s really hard to keep a smile on your face. And unfortunately, plenty of different foods could be to blame. “Our digestive system is home to trillions of microbes that help break down our food and keep our intestines healthy,” explains Layne Lieberman, MS, RD, nutritionist and author of Beyond the Mediterranean Diet: European Secrets Of the Super-Healthy. But we can easily screw it up by eating foods that mess with the good bacteria, she explains. Here are 14 foods to skip (or at least limit) to keep your belly — and your life — running as smoothly as possible.

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Artificial Sweeteners

Consider this yet another reason to ditch diet soda for good. One study found that when people consumed artificial sweeteners — aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin (a.k.a. Equal, Splenda, and Sweet’N Low) — the gut bacteria that controls metabolism was altered. That can lead to all sorts of gastrointestinal (GI) problems, including an increased propensity to convert food into fat, says Lieberman. Meaning not only does it become more difficult to lose weight, but it’s actually easier to gain. Not cool.


Your daily pick-me-up could be doing more than just waking you up. “Not only is coffee acidic, but it also contains caffeine, which speeds up the digestive tract and may cause diarrhea,” explains Katie Cavuto, MS, RD, a nutritionist and chef in Philadelphia. That caffeine is also a diuretic, she explains, meaning it can lead to dehydration and even nausea. What’s more: Coffee causes the stomach to produce hydrochloric acid (HCL), which can cause heartburn and indigestion. So if you find yourself regularly experiencing GI issues after your cup of joe, limit it to one cup a day and don’t drink it on an empty stomach to help ease those unpleasant symptoms.

RELATED: 18 Starbucks Drinks for When You’re Trying to Lose Weight


Not every ingredient in a natural food product may be good for you. Case in point: Carrageenan, a gum derived from seaweed and used as a stabilizer in organic and natural foods like soy milk, lowfat yogurt, salad dressing, and ice cream. It can cause a host of gut issues, says Lieberman. Research even suggests that the additive may cause inflammation, which can lead to ulcerations and inflammatory bowel disease (IBS).

This isn’t to say you should skip dairy completely, though. “In fact, organic low-fat yogurt has beneficial effects on your gut by improving the natural flora (good bacteria) in your GI tract,” says Lieberman. She recommends sticking to one cup per day, but if you’re experiencing GI issues after eating dairy, try one cup of lactose-free, low-fat milk instead. And be sure to check that carrageenan doesn’t appear on the ingredient list — you should only see “low-fat milk” and cultures — and avoid the fruit-flavored and “dessert” kinds, which have added sugars.


“Cruciferous veggies, such as broccoli and cauliflower, contain complex sugars that you can’t digest,” says Cavuto. “They’re called raffinose, and they can produce gas. They’re also rich in soluble fiber, which doesn’t break down until reaching the small intestine, and that can cause gas, too. ” This in turn causes all those familiar symptoms of indigestion — bloating, upset stomach, and gas. But we’re not saying you shouldn’t munch on broccoli for dinner (it has way too many health benefits to give up). Instead, do your best not to overcook your veggies, as that destroys the health bennies you’re after. Also, consider taking a digestive supplement (Cavuto recommends Digest Gold), which contains enzymes that help break down those hard-to-digest plant fibers. If you’re still in need of a healthy-gut-bacteria boost, dig into some Greek yogurt for breakfast, which is full of probiotics that can help.

RELATED: You’ll Love This Spicy Sautéed Broccoli Recipe

Sugar-Free Foods

Steer clear of those “sugar-free” candies and gum: Sorbitol, maltitol, xylitol, and other sugar alcohols are frequently added to these products, which can cause bloating, gas, or a laxative effect when eaten in excessive amounts, says Lieberman. Her rule of thumb: If a sugar alcohol appears in the first three ingredients of a food, avoid it. Oh, and another reason to cut back on that sugar-free gum habit: It can stimulate the stomach to secrete acids that your body doesn’t need, which may contribute to the development of stomach ulcers. Ouch.

Milk, Soft Cheese, and Ice Cream

While only 4% of adults have true food allergies, according to the National Institutes of Health, lactose intolerance is found in around 65 percent of adults, explains Cavuto. It happens when you lack the digestive enzyme (lactase) to process lactose, a sugar found in milk, and results in GI distress with symptoms like bloating and diarrhea. But even if you’re not lactose intolerant, eating too much dairy can lead to its being digested in the large intestine instead of the stomach, which can cause an upset stomach, diarrhea, and gas, she says. A better choice: Hard (aged) cheeses have lower amounts of lactose, and yogurt is typically well tolerated because the live cultures digest lactose better, says Lieberman.

Fried Foods

Obviously, a plate of french fries and chicken fingers isn’t exactly the picture of a healthy meal. But it’s worse than we thought, as fried, fatty foods can cause major distress in your GI tract in more than one way: “Fried foods can move undigested through the body too quickly, leading to diarrhea,” says Lieberman. Or they can do the exact opposite: Since these foods are usually low in fiber, they could stay in your digestive tract too long, making you feel full, bloated, and potentially causing constipation. Either way, it’s a lose-lose.

RELATED: 7 Things You Should Absolutely Never Order for Your Kids at Fast-Food Restaurants

Citrus Fruit

If you’re having digestive trouble, it can be tempting to load up on healthy foods like fruits and veggies. But watch out: “Acidic foods, like tomato sauce and citrus fruits, like lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruit, may cause you more trouble,” says Lieberman. They can further irritate the lining of your stomach, leading to heartburn or acid reflux. Cut back on these until you’re feeling better, and instead load up on applesauce or bananas to help ease discomfort, she suggests.

Onions and Garlic

Ever heard of FODMAPs? They’re a group of sugars and fibers found in foods — think onions, garlic, and wheat products — that aren’t absorbed well in the small intestine, causing a host of gut issues like gas, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhea, or constipation for some people, says Cavuto. Other FODMAP-containing foods include healthy bites like pears, apples, beans, cabbage, and cauliflower, so unfortunately, it can be hard to pinpoint what’s causing your distress. If you’re having serious GI problems, talk to a doctor to see if FODMAPs could be to blame, as the process to determine whether you have a sensitivity to them can be tricky.

RELATED: What to Know About the Low-FODMAP Diet


This summertime-into-fall food isn’t exactly easy on your system. “If you don’t chew it long enough, it can pass through your system undigested and cause an upset stomach,” Lieberman says. Blame the cellulose it contains, which is an insoluble plant fiber, and the fact that humans lack the enzyme needed to break it down in our bodies. When you do nibble a cob, remember to chew thoroughly before you swallow.

Raw Foods

Bacteria in raw animal products can cause food poisoning (talk about stomach issues!), so take appropriate precautions when handling perishable foods like raw meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood, warns Lieberman. Make sure to cook foods to proper temperatures to destroy bacteria, and don’t leave them unrefrigerated for more than two hours to prevent bacterial growth. And if spending the entire night next to the toilet due to food poisoning isn’t enough of a warning, keep in mind that harmful bacteria like E. coli and salmonella can potentially be life threatening, so play it safe.


Gluten might just be one of the most common culprits when it comes to wreaking havoc on the digestive system. Whether you have celiac disease or not, Harvard Medical School says a growing number of people are finding they can’t properly digest gluten. If you find you’re experiencing bloating, pain, gas, or diarrhea after eating foods like bread and pasta, grains might be to blame.

RELATED: 25+ Gluten-Free Recipes to Get Your Party Started


Sipping on a margarita is all fun and games until your digestion gets all out of whack. Booze is a common trigger of leaky gut: According to Harvard Medical School, it causes inflammation, which can lead to problems with your digestive tract. If you think alcohol might be behind your issues, maybe stick to something that’s easier on your stomach, like good old fashioned h3O.


Who knew your love of nuts could be getting you into digestive trouble? While they’re easy for some people to digest, others have a really hard time: “As those little pieces wash over some areas of the gastrointestinal system, they may irritate an already-irritated or inflamed area and cause discomfort,” David Dahlman, D. C., wrote on his website. Instead of eating raw nuts, go for nut butters, which are smooth and don’t have any sharp edges.

RELATED: Check Out the Health Benefits of Powdered Peanut Butter

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Feel Bloated? 5 Odd Reasons for Your Stomach Pain – Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic

Have you ever wondered why you sometimes feel bloated after a meal even when you didn’t stuff yourself? Certain foods and drinks — or the ingredients in them — can cause you to feel more bloated than others.

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Registered dietitian Anna Taylor, MS, RD, LD, CDCES, explains which foods and ingredients cause problems and why.

1. Excess salt (that you may not even taste)

When you eat foods that are high in salt, your body holds onto fluids you eat and drink. That can make you feel bloated. But putting down the salt shaker may not solve your problem.

Taylor says the most sodium, by far, in the typical American diet comes from processed foods, restaurant foods and convenience foods. 

“If you cut down on these, you should see a difference with less bloating,” says Taylor.

She says often, these foods don’t even taste salty, but they’re full of sodium as a preservative. Pizza, sandwiches, cold cuts, canned soups, bread rolls and bagels are some of the biggest places salt hides. These are part of “salty six” – the main six contributors of sodium in the American diet, Taylor says.

2. Too much fat

Foods that are high in fat can sometimes cause bloating because they’re slow to digest. So instead of eating a fatty, greasy meal like fried chicken or onion rings, try a low-fat option like grilled chicken and salad.  

3. Soda and carbonated drinks

Drinking carbonated beverages can often cause you to swallow excess air, which leads to bloating. “That air has to go somewhere, and once it passes from the stomach to the intestines, it can’t escape your body as a burp,” says Taylor.

Instead of carbonated beverages, increase your intake of water. Not only will it relieve your bloating from carbonation, studies show increasing your water intake can help you lose weight if you’re trying to. 

4. High fructose corn syrup

High-fructose corn syrup, a type of corn-derived sweetener used in soda and some fruit drinks, is also a surprising ingredient in other foods that don’t even taste sweet, such as some breads.  That’s why it’s important for you to read food labels. In large quantities, it can cause gas, bloating and abdominal pain for some people. This is because your body can’t absorb it quickly enough.

5. Dairy products (for some people)

Maybe you know you’re lactose intolerant, or you just suspect that you are. But, if you are lactose intolerant, you can feel bloated after eating high-lactose foods such as ice cream or milk. Depending on the severity of your intolerance, your body won’t be able to break down the lactose easily, so you’ll likely experience gas, abdominal pain and bloating.

Top foods that cause bloating

There are certain foods that can cause you to feel more bloated than others. Some of the most common culprits include: 

  • Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage.
  • Beans. Other legumes, like soybeans, peanuts, and lentils, tend to not be as bloating. 
  • Onions.
  • Carbohydrates.

Carbs can cause you to feel overly full. But the reason for that is twofold. For one thing, the average stomach is only about the size of your fist. Although it’s able to stretch to accommodate more food, eating a large portion can definitely make you feel bloated, says Taylor. 

Finally, Taylor says “When you eat more than what your body needs for fuel, it stores those extra calories as glycogen,” she says. Glycogen attracts water, so large portions of carb-heavy foods cause you to retain fluid. This magnifies that bloated feeling. 

Gas (Burping, Belching, Flatulence): Causes & Treatments


Is having gas normal or is it a sign of a medical problem?

Everyone has gas and gets rid of it by burping and by passing it through the rectum. Many people think they have too much gas, when most of the time they really have normal amounts. Most people produce about 1 to 3 pints a day and pass gas about 14 to 23 times a day.

Gas is made primarily of odorless vapors — carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and sometimes methane. The unpleasant odor of gas comes from bacteria in the large intestine that release small amounts of gases that contain sulfur.

Although having gas is common, it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. Understanding causes, ways to reduce symptoms, and treatment will help most people find relief.

What are some symptoms and problems of gas?

The most common symptoms of gas are belching, flatulence, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. However, not everyone experiences these symptoms. The determining factors probably are how much gas the body produces, how many fatty acids the body absorbs, and a person’s sensitivity to gas in the large intestine. Chronic symptoms caused by too much gas or by a serious disease are rare.


An occasional belch during or after meals is normal and releases gas when the stomach is full of food. However, people who belch frequently may be swallowing too much air and releasing it before the air enters the stomach. Sometimes a person with chronic belching may have an upper GI disorder, such as peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or gastritis.

Believing that swallowing air and releasing it will relieve the discomfort of these disorders, this person may unintentionally develop a habitual cycle of belching and discomfort. Frequently, the pain continues or worsens, leading the person to believe he or she has a serious disorder. An extreme example of this is Meganblase syndrome, which causes chronic belching. This syndrome is characterized by severe air swallowing and an enlarged bubble of gas in the stomach following heavy meals. The resulting fullness and shortness of breath may mimic a heart attack.

This gas syndrome is usually correctable by making behavioral changes. Gas-bloat syndrome may occur after surgery to correct GERD. The surgery creates a one-way valve between the esophagus and stomach that allows food and gas to enter the stomach, but often prevents normal belching and the ability to vomit. Surgery may be needed to correct gas-bloat syndrome.


Another common complaint is passage of too much gas through the rectum (flatulence). However, most people do not realize that passing gas 14 to 23 times a day is normal. Although rare, too much gas may be the result of carbohydrate malabsorption or overactive bacteria in the colon.

Abdominal bloating

Many people believe that too much gas causes abdominal bloating. However, people who complain of bloating from gas often have normal amounts and distribution of gas. They actually may be unusually aware of gas in the digestive tract.

Doctors believe that bloating is usually the result of an intestinal motility disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Motility disorders are characterized by abnormal movements and contractions of intestinal muscles. These disorders may give a false sensation of bloating because of increased sensitivity to gas.

Any disease that causes intestinal obstruction (for example, Crohn’s disease or colon cancer) may also cause abdominal bloating. In addition, people who have had many operations, adhesions (scar tissue), or internal hernias may experience bloating or pain. Finally, eating a lot of fatty food can delay stomach emptying and cause bloating and discomfort, but not necessarily too much gas.

Abdominal pain and discomfort

Some people have pain when gas is present in the intestine. When gas collects on the left side of the colon, the pain can be confused with heart disease. When it collects on the right side of the colon, the pain may feel like the pain associated with gallstones or appendicitis.

Possible Causes

What causes gas?

Gas in the digestive tract (that is, the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine) comes from the following two sources:

  • Normal breakdown of certain undigested foods by harmless bacteria naturally present in the large intestine (colon).
  • Air swallowing (aerophagia) is a common cause of gas in the stomach. Everyone swallows small amounts of air when eating and drinking. However, eating or drinking rapidly, chewing gum, smoking, or wearing loose dentures can cause some people to take in more air.

Burping, or belching, is the way most swallowed air –which contains nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide–leaves the stomach. The remaining gas moves into the small intestine where it is partially absorbed. A small amount travels into the large intestine for release through the rectum.

The body does not digest and absorb all carbohydrates (the sugar, starches and fiber found in many foods) in the small intestine because of a shortage or absence of certain enzymes.This undigested food then passes from the small intestine into the large intestine. In the large intestine, harmless and normal bacteria break down the food, producing hydrogen, carbon dioxide and–in about one-third of all people–methane. Eventually, these gases exit through the rectum.

A person who produces methane will have stools that consistently float in water. Research has not shown why some people produce methane and others do not.

Foods that produce symptomatic gas in one person may not cause symptoms in another. Some common bacteria in the large intestine can destroy the hydrogen that other bacteria produce. The balance of the two types of bacteria may explain why some people have more gas than others. Furthermore, most people who have symptomatic gas do not have more gas than other people, but rather more sensitivity to symptoms caused by this gas.

Which foods cause gas?

Most foods that contain carbohydrates can cause gas. In contrast, fats, and proteins cause little gas.


The sugars that cause gas are raffinose, stachyose, verbascose, lactose, fructose, and sorbitol:

  • Raffinose, stachyose, verbascoce are indigestible oligosaccharides present in large amounts in legumes, especially beans. Smaller amounts of this complex sugar are found in cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, other vegetables and whole grains.
  • Lactose is the natural sugar in milk. It is also found in milk products, such as cheese and ice cream, and processed foods, such as bread, cereal, and salad dressing. Many people, particularly those of African, Native American, or Asian background, have low levels of the enzyme lactase needed to digest lactose. Also, as people age, their enzyme levels decrease. As a result, over time people may experience increasing amounts of gas after eating food containing lactose.
  • Fructose is naturally present in onions, artichokes, pears, and wheat. It is also used as a sweetener in some soft drinks and fruit drinks.
  • Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found naturally in fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, prunes, and some liquid forms of medications. Excess amounts can lead to diarrhea. It is also used as an artificial sweetener in many dietetic foods and sugar-free candies and gums.

Most starches, including potatoes, corn, noodles and wheat, produce gas. They are broken down in the large intestine. Rice is the only starch that does not cause gas.


Many foods contain soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber dissolves easily in water and takes on a soft, gel-like texture in the intestines. Found in oat bran, beans, peas and most fruits, soluble fiber is not broken down until it reaches the large intestine, where digestion causes gas.Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, passes essentially unchanged through the intestines and produces little gas. Wheat bran and some vegetables contain this kind of fiber.

Care and Treatment

How are gas problems evaluated?

Although gas is very common, at times medical evaluation is necessary. Weight loss, anemia, fevers, diarrhea, or blood in the stool should result in early evaluation.

  • The evaluation usually begins with a review of dietary habits and symptoms. Your doctor may ask you to keep a diary of foods and beverages consumed for a specific time period.
  • If lactase deficiency is the suspected cause of gas, your doctor may suggest avoiding milk products for a period of time. A blood or breath test may be used to diagnose lactose intolerance.
  • Other breath tests may be obtained to determine if there is fructose malabsorption or overgrowth of intestinal bacteria.
  • Careful review of diet and the amount of gas passed may help relate specific foods to symptoms and determine the severity of the problem.
  • If a patient complains of bloating, the doctor may examine the abdomen for the sound of fluid movement to rule out ascites (build-up of fluid in the abdomen). The doctor also may do an exam for signs of inflammation to rule out diseases of the colon.
  • The possibility of colon cancer is usually tested in people 45 years of age and older. This possibility also is tested in those with a family history of colorectal cancer, especially if they have never had a colon examination (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy). These tests may also be appropriate for someone with unexplained weight loss, diarrhea, or blood not visible (occult blood) in the stool.
  • For those with chronic belching, the doctor will look for signs or causes of excessive air swallowing. If needed, an upper GI series (X-ray to view the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine) may be performed to rule out disease.

How is gas treated?

Most of the time, treatment of the symptoms of gas requires an approach that includes both dietary adjustment and medication. The most common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas are changing diet, taking medication, and reducing the amount of air swallowed.


Your doctor may tell you to eat fewer foods that cause gas. However, for some people this may mean cutting out healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and milk products. Your doctor may also suggest limiting high-fat foods to reduce bloating and discomfort. This helps the stomach empty faster, allowing gases to move into the small intestine. Unfortunately, the amount of gas caused by certain foods varies from person to person. Effective dietary changes depend on learning through trial and error how much of the offending foods one can handle.

Non-prescription medicines

Many non-prescription, over-the-counter medicines are available to help reduce symptoms. Such medicines include antacids with simethicone and activated charcoal. Digestive enzymes, such as lactase supplements, actually help digest carbohydrates and may allow people to eat foods that normally cause gas. Medicines available include:

  • Antacids, such as Mylanta II®, Maalox II® and Di-Gel®, contain simethicone, a foaming agent that joins gas bubbles in the stomach so that gas is more easily belched away. The recommended dose is 2 to 4 tablespoons of the simethicone preparation taken 1/2 to 2 hours after meals.
  • Activated charcoal tablets may provide relief from gas in the colon. Studies have shown that intestinal gas is greatly reduced when these are taken before and after a meal. The usual dose is two to four tablets taken just before eating and one hour after meals.
  • For those with lactose intolerance, enzyme lactase–which aids with lactose digestion–is available in liquid and tablet form without a prescription (Lactaid®, Lactrase®, and Dairy Ease®). Adding a few drops of liquid lactase to milk before drinking it or chewing lactase tablets just before eating helps digest foods that contain lactose. Also, lactose-reduced milk and other products are available at many grocery stores.
  • Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol®) can reduce odor that comes from the breakdown to hydrogen sulfide. It may also be helpful for some other malodorous forms of flatus. Excess or long-term use is not suggested as it can cause bismuth toxicity in patients allergic to aspirin.
  • Beano®, an over-the-counter digestive aid, contains the sugar-digesting enzyme that the body lacks to digest the sugar in beans and many vegetables. The enzyme comes in liquid form. Three to 10 drops per serving are added to food just before eating to break down the gas-producing sugars. Beano has no effect on gas caused by lactose or fiber.
  • Probiotics are healthy bacteria that can be found in yogurt and over-the-counter supplements. It may also improve gas symptoms by changing the bacterial flora that is responsible for producing some of the gas.
  • If one experiences constipation, treatment of this disorder will be important to improve gas passage from the intestinal tract.
  • As for the discomfort of gas related to failure to advance the gas through the gastrointestinal tract, gentle exercise is important to stimulate the intestines to pass the gas through. At times, abdominal massage may also improve symptoms.
Prescription medicines

Doctors may prescribe medicines to help reduce symptoms, especially for people with a motility disorder, such as IBS. If bacterial overgrowth in the small intestines is demonstrated by testing, antibiotics to reduce these bacteria may be prescribed.

Reducing swallowed air

For those who have chronic belching, doctors may suggest ways to reduce the amount of air swallowed. Recommendations are to avoid chewing gum and to avoid eating hard candy. Eating at a slow pace and checking with a dentist to make sure dentures fit properly should also help.

Although gas may be uncomfortable and embarrassing, it is not life-threatening. Understanding the causes, ways to reduce symptoms, and treatment will help most people find some relief.

What’s important to remember about gas?

  • Everyone has gas in the digestive tract.
  • People often believe normal passage of gas to be excessive.
  • Gas comes from two main sources: swallowed air and normal breakdown of certain foods by harmless bacteria naturally present in the large intestine.
  • Many foods with carbohydrates can cause gas. Fats and proteins cause little gas.
  • Foods that may cause gas include the following:
    • Beans
    • Vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, onions, artichokes, and asparagus
    • Fruits, such as pears, apples, and peaches
    • Whole grains, such as whole wheat and bran
    • Soft drinks and fruit drinks
    • Milk and milk products, such as cheese and ice cream, and packaged foods prepared with lactose, such as bread, cereal, and salad dressing
    • Foods containing sorbitol, such as dietetic foods and sugar-free candies and gum
  • The most common symptoms of gas are belching, flatulence, bloating, and abdominal pain. However, some of these symptoms are often caused by an intestinal motility disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome, rather than too much gas.
  • The most common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas are changing diet, taking nonprescription or prescription medicines, and reducing the amount of air swallowed.
  • Digestive enzymes, such as lactase supplements, actually help digest carbohydrates and may allow people to eat foods that normally cause gas in specific individuals with lactose intolerance.

10 foods that cause bloating

If you’ve ever felt bloated, you’ll know the symptoms: you start the day with a flat stomach, but as the day progresses your belly starts to swell, feeling full and tight, until by the end of the day, you look like you’re pregnant. It can be so bad that you can’t close a pair of pants that fitted perfectly a few days earlier!

Bloating is a result of excess gas in the intestines. There are many possible causes for this highly uncomfortable condition, ranging from air swallowing, overeating, constipation and hormonal changes during PMS to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine, certain medications, gastroesophageal reflux and food intolerances. Abdominal bloating can also be caused by more serious disorders such as coeliac disease, Crohn’s disease and colon cancer.  

If you constantly experience abdominal bloating and pain, it is important to see your doctor to make sure there is nothing serious present.

However, in many cases bloating can be eased by simple changes in your diet. It’s a good idea to keep a food diary for a week: make a note of everything you eat and how you feel afterwards. Pretty soon you should be able to spot a pattern and identify the culprit.

The following foods can cause bloating:

1) Greasy, fried foods

Greasy fast foods like burgers, chips, fried chicken and deep-fried eats like samoosas, koeksisters and doughnuts can cause bloating because it takes the stomach much longer to break down the fats and properly digest them. This extra time allows gas to build up, causing bloating.

2) Salty foods

Salt is a big culprit when it comes to bloating. High-sodium foods cause the body to retain water, which leads to a bloated feeling.  Sodium can show up in some unlikely sources, especially in processed foods, so read your food labels and rather flavour your foods with herbs.

3) Spicy foods

Spicy foods have been shown to stimulate the release of stomach acid, which can cause irritation. Limit the use of black pepper, nutmeg, cloves, chilli powder, curry, onions, garlic, mustard, BBQ sauce, horseradish, tomato sauce and vinegar.

4) Gassy vegetables

Some vegetables produce more gas than others do, and everyone varies in their ability to absorb and tolerate that gas. If you’re sensitive, you may want to limit the amount of gas-producing vegetables such as the following:  baked beans, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, lentils, Lima beans, onions and peppers.

5) Carbonated and high-acid drinks

All carbonated drinks – from sodas to fizzy mineral water – can cause bloating because the carbon dioxide trapped in the bubbles creates gas in the stomach. Some beverages such as alcohol, caffeinated drinks, coffee, tea, hot chocolate and some fruit juices (like orange juice, pineapple juice and tomato juice) are high in acid which can irritate your GI tract, resulting in swelling and bloating.

6) Artificial sweeteners

Certain artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame, saccharin, sorbitol, xylitol, maltitol, mannitol, cyclamates and sucralose can increase bloating. These are often found in diet drinks, sweets, cookies, energy bars and chewing gums. The artificial sweeteners linger in the stomach because they cannot be digested, and after enough build-up they act as a platform for the fermentation of bacteria, leading to production of gas.

7) Dairy products

If your body is unable to digest lactose, or milk sugar, the consumption of dairy products can make you feel bloated. This condition, called lactose-intolerance, is relatively common, especially among people of Asian, African and Southern European descent. The lactose that is not completely digested will pass to the colon where gas is produced by the bacteria trying to break it down. If you suspect that you are lactose intolerant, consult a dietician to ensure adequate consumption of other calcium-rich foods.

8) Too much fruit

Just as some people are lactose-intolerant, others are fructose-intolerant, and their bodies cannot digest the sugar properly. If you find you have excess gas and bloating after eating fruit, this may apply to you. Choose lower-fructose fruits, like sweet melon and apricots, instead of high-fructose fruits like apples and bananas. It is also best to eat fruit separately from a meal – either 30 minutes before or at least two hours after.

9) Starches

Most starches, including potatoes, maize, pasta, and wheat produce gas as they are broken down in the large intestine. If you find that you are particularly sensitive to a starch, substitute it with rice – the only starch that does not cause gas. Also, beware of refined grains like white flour that’s often used in white bread, cake and biscuits. Not only do they offer little nutrition, they can also cause water retention, with bloating as a result.

10) Chewing gum

Chewing gum can make you swallow air, which then gets trapped in your belly, causing pressure, bloating, and gas. It also often contains artificial sweeteners which will just aggravate the bloating.

(References: Body Foods for Women: eat your way to good health by Jane Clarke, London, 1997; www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus; http://www.askdocweb.com; http://www.colonhealthadvice.com; www.health34.com; http://www.thatsfit.com; http://www.womenfitness.net; www.ehow.com; http://health.msn.com)

10 Surprising Foods That Give You Bloating and Gas

It isn’t something that most of us like to talk about but the reality is, nearly everyone gets bloating and/or gas. For most people, this is just a normal, healthy, and relatively undisruptive fact of life; a natural result of foods being broken down and digested by the body.

However, some people may find that certain foods give them an uncomfortable amount of bloating and/or gas. This could be accompanied by stomach upset, which in some cases can even be painful. Many might not realise that a particular food is causing the issue, or may be too embarrassed to bring up the problem. As such, the problem food will continue to be eaten, causing more discomfort.

If you think a food might be causing you problems, but can’t quite put your finger on what, we’ve put together some unexpected foods that can give you bloating and/or gas. Take a look at the list below.


Apples are rich in fibre, which is essential in facilitating healthy digestion. However, some may find that high fibre foods like apples give them excessive gas and bloating. This is more common in those who have low fibre diets, where the digestive system isn’t used to the sudden increase in the body.


Bread is a staple food around the world, and most people can eat it regularly with very little problem at all. However, some might find that bread causes excessive gas and painful bloating. If you find that this happens to you after eating just a small amount, it could be the case that you have a wheat intolerance or gluten intolerance, which causes stress on the gut and digestive system.


Onions contain high levels of fructose, a natural sugar present in many fruits and vegetables. Some people have an inability to properly break down and absorb the sugar. If fructose isn’t absorbed into the bloodstream like it should be, it travels down into the lower bowel, providing a feast for the bacteria that live there. As the bacteria “eat” away on the fructose, methane is produced; this can cause bloating, gas, and cramps, and also bad breath. Not a great combination!


Whilst delicious and high in antioxidants, these innocent looking little hedgerow fruits are packed full of polyols. Polyols – also known as “sugar alcohols” – are carbohydrates commonly used in the synthesis of artificial sweeteners. Whilst less calorific than sugar, polyols take longer to break down, and stay in the digestion system for longer. This means they’re not always fully absorbed by the body, resulting in gas and bloating.


Garlic is a natural antibiotic with many health benefits but unfortunately it can result in gas for some individuals. Cooked garlic whether roasted or stir fried is much less likely to cause bloating and gas.


Alongside calcium and vitamin D milk contains many proteins including casein and whey. The proteins can be difficult to break down if the digestive system is not working to full capacity. If a cheese sandwich followed by a latte leaves you feeling bloated and windy this could be why.


The high fat and fibre content in nuts means that it takes a while for them to be properly digested. As they spend a lot of time working through the digestive system, the risk for gas and bloating is markedly increased. Nuts also contain tannins which can present problems like nausea for some.

Artificial Sweeteners

Whilst not a food in itself, artificial sweeteners are a common addition to many food and drink items on the market today. The body can find artificial sweeteners difficult to digest, which increases the likelihood of gas, bloating, and bowel problems. Many products containing sweeteners even carry a warning that excessive consumption may lead to “laxative effects”. We’ve written a bit more about artificial sweeteners in this article here.


The tomato fruit is high in naturally occurring acids. Because of their high acidic content, for some, tomatoes can stimulate the production of stomach acids which can result in bloating and gas. Try doing as the Italians do – remove the skins after boiling the tomatoes in a pan of water. This will enable the body to digest the tomatoes more easily.


Like nuts, avocados are packed full of good fats and essential fibre and is a high polyol food, meaning the rate of digestion and risk of gas being produced is even higher. Often it’s a case of amount – eating ¼ – ½ an avocado is fine but a whole one may cause a problem.

It’s important to mention that, as always, everyone will have different reactions to the foods we’ve listed, and that all the items in our list are healthy and beneficial to a diet in moderation. Some of you out there might even be able to feast on a meal of blackberry, avocado and onion sandwiches, washed down with a milkshake, and feel absolutely fine.

What our customers say

Many of our customers are thrilled by the service that we deliver and are happy to tell us. Read about what some have said about us here.

“I’m not waking up as much during the night, not as bunged up in my nose and I’ve got so much more energy”

Sally Gunnell OBE
“I feel like I’m in a new body! I’m so much healthier. I can’t tell you how amazingly different I have felt since!”

Emily Catterall
“I am sharper, more motivated, focused & can think so clearly. No longer get flustered or confused when things are getting stressful”

David Brown
“I felt like I could actually breathe again properly. Surprised, to be fair, how much of a difference that made”

Fin Bigg


Are you suffering from bloating or cramps? Get in touch and we can help!

90,000 All about carbon monoxide – News

There are two types of gas used in households in Estonia – natural gas and liquefied gas. Natural gas comes to us from Russia via long gas pipelines, and in Estonia it is distributed to different consumers. Liquefied gas, however, is stored in cylinders and is distributed in cylinders.

Special underground gas storage facilities have been installed in large areas, from where gas is supplied to users through pipes.Therefore, it is worth knowing that the service gas that is in the cylinders is liquefied gas, and the gas that we receive through pipes, depending on the area, can be either natural or liquefied.

What is natural gas?

  • The main constituent of natural gas is methane – a colorless and odorless gas. In order to detect gas leaks, some substances are added to it to enhance the smell.
  • Natural gas is lighter than air, therefore, in the event of a leak, it mixes with air and rises upward.It is always worth remembering that ventilation or other air currents can direct the gas to the side. This means that usually in the event of a gas leak, the apartments above are in danger, but gas can also move to neighboring apartments.
  • Natural gas is a choking hazard for people. It is not a very poisonous gas. Rather, it has narcotic properties. If approximately 10% of the room is filled with gas, it will cause drowsiness, headache and feeling unwell. If the gas content in the apartment rises to 20-30%, then there is a lack of oxygen, which can cause suffocation.

What is LPG?

  • The main constituent of liquefied gas is propane. Like methane, propane is colorless and odorless. In order for a person to detect a gas leak in the household, a little substance is added to it to enhance the smell. These substances give the gas a distinct odor.
  • Propane is not a poisonous gas, but if it gets into the air in large quantities and in conditions of reduced oxygen, suffocation can occur. Inhaling such gas can cause dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, and weakness.
  • Propane is heavier than air and therefore, in the event of a leak, the gas settles on the floor, in the basement, in the sewers and other depressions. Therefore, in the event of a gas leak, apartments on low floors and basements are in danger.

What is carbon monoxide?

  • Even ordinary burning of food at home can cause carbon monoxide, and as a result – poisoning. However, in homes and apartments, the main cause of carbon monoxide is an early closed stove damper, a poorly adjusted gas stove or a gas boiler with poor draft.
  • Carbon monoxide, or carbon monoxide (CO), is a colorless, odorless and tasteless poisonous gas that spreads completely unnoticed by humans. Most often, in fires, people die precisely due to the inhalation of poisonous smoke.
  • Due to the ingress of carbon monoxide into the human body, the blood loses its ability to carry oxygen. Hemoglobin, which is supposed to carry oxygen in the blood, on the contrary, begins to carry carbon monoxide. As a result, a dangerous substance is formed in the human body – carboxyhemoglobin.
  • The amount of oxygen in various parts of the body decreases as hemoglobin no longer delivers oxygen there. The man begins to choke. At one time, the heart throws out almost one glass of blood into the body, and carbon monoxide passes through the lungs to other parts of the body very quickly.
  • Having been poisoned by carbon monoxide, we do not understand the scale of the situation. The person is confused and cannot help himself, although he feels that something is wrong with him. A person may not compare these symptoms with carbon monoxide poisoning, and while in a dream, he may not feel anything at all.
  • Symptoms depend on the amount of gas. A small amount can cause throbbing in the temples, drowsiness, weakness, headache, loss of balance, tinnitus, weakness in the legs, nausea and vomiting. Later, hallucinations, increased heart rate, increased pressure may occur, weakness, drowsiness, loss of pressure, breathing complications may occur. In case of severe poisoning, a person loses consciousness and death occurs.
  • A person can die from carbon monoxide poisoning without an existing fire.For example, when the stove damper is closed too early, or the gas appliance is operated under oxygen starvation conditions and, as a consequence, carbon monoxide is produced. Also, carbon monoxide can leak to you from neighboring apartments.
  • The smoke detector is unable to detect carbon monoxide. In order to detect carbon monoxide in the early stages, a carbon monoxide sensor is needed.

Typical cases

  • Gas installations are of different types. Usually accidents happen with boilers that depend on air for their operation.This means that they get the required amount of air from the room to work. Such boilers were often installed in closed cabinets.
  • Also, the reason may be the insulation of the house. Many houses, which initially had natural ventilation, have already been insulated, windows have been changed, and a careless reconstruction has been made. For example, gas installations were connected to each other in unsuitable chimneys. Such gas installations were often installed in closed cabinets. Over time, the chimneys were clogged, and the combustible air remained in the apartment.
  • Every gas installation needs regular monitoring and maintenance. It is important to ensure that there is no leakage from the pipe connections and that the chimney is not clogged.
  • Gas flame is usually blue in color. If the flame is green, then it definitely indicates a hazard.

Who is responsible?

  • In apartments and private houses, the owner is responsible for the operation and serviceability of gas installations. Home gas installations should be checked and serviced once a year.
  • For gas pipes on stairwells in apartment buildings, the members of the partnership are responsible.
  • The company providing these services is responsible for the construction, control and maintenance of gas appliances. Human lives depend on the quality of such services.
  • The state exercises supervision over the owners of houses and apartments, as well as enterprises for compliance with these regulations.

Carbon monoxide detector

  • From 1 January 2018, the installation of a carbon monoxide detector is compulsory in all dwellings in which there is a gas installation connected to a pipe.
  • Gas-fired water heaters primarily belong to such installations. A carbon monoxide sensor becomes mandatory when gas heating is available, but it is prudent to install a carbon monoxide sensor in all living areas containing combustion-related equipment, such as a wood-burning stove, fireplace, stove or gas boiler. Installation of the sensor is voluntary if technical measures have been taken to prevent carbon monoxide from leaking and entering the dwelling, for example, if the combustion air for a gas installation is taken directly from the outside air and the gases emitted during combustion are also discharged directly through the designated pipe to outside air.
  • The carbon monoxide detector only gives a signal when the concentration of carbon monoxide in the air approaches a level that is dangerous to human health.
  • One carbon monoxide sensor is intended for use in one room, as the device only shows the level of CO that is spreading around the sensor.

Where to install the carbon monoxide detector?

  • When installing a carbon monoxide detector, first follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Unlike a smoke detector, the carbon monoxide detector is mounted on the wall of the room, at a height of approximately 0.5-1.5 meters from the floor. Experienced experts recommend installing the sensor, so to speak, at the level of the person’s airways, or at the level at which the person’s face is when he sits on the sofa, and in the bedroom – about the height of the pillow.
  • The device is installed at a distance of 1-3 meters from the carbon monoxide source, and the sensor should not be installed near ventilation systems and air ducts.
  • In a multi-storey building, it is recommended to install carbon monoxide detectors on each floor. If possible, also in every bedroom.
  • If the gas boiler is located in the bathroom, make sure that the carbon monoxide sensor is suitable for installation in wet areas. For this, the sensor must have an IP designation, which must correspond to the IP44 level.
  • Carbon monoxide detectors are not installed in garages, kitchens, boiler rooms, bathrooms, or anywhere else where the temperature drops below 10 ° C or rises above 40 ° C.

How to care?

  • The carbon monoxide detector must be checked once a month by pressing the test button. A beep confirms that the device is in working order.
  • The carbon monoxide sensor must be regularly cleaned of dust. To do this, you can use both a vacuum cleaner and a rag.
  • The carbon monoxide sensor is powered by batteries – an intermittent regular beep from the sensor indicates that the batteries are empty.This means that the battery should be replaced immediately.
  • You can find more information on gas safety for domestic consumers

What to do if a carbon monoxide detector is triggered?

  • Quickly open windows and doors and thoroughly ventilate the room.
  • Turn off all heating systems or extinguish the fire in the stove or stove.
  • Call a professional technician to help solve the problem. Do not turn on the heating devices yourself before the technician arrives.
  • If you notice that someone has symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, then immediately take the person to fresh air, call an ambulance


Trips of the Rescue Board for cases related to gas:
2015 – 291
2016 – 403
2017 – 421
2018 * – 356

* As of 14 October

The main regions where calls are often received are Harju County and Ida-Viru County. The cities of Tallinn, Kohtla-Järve, Tartu and Narva.

71% of cases occur in residential premises

60% in apartments

25% on landings

Take note!

  • Never repair gas installations yourself!
  • Install a carbon monoxide sensor – mandatory from 1st January 2018!
  • Home gas installations must be checked and serviced by a specialist once a year! Additional requirements may arise from the device operating the device.
  • The flue of the gas appliance must be cleaned according to the instructions. If there is no advice in the operating instructions, then this must be done once a year. The chimney can only be cleaned by a qualified and certified chimney sweep.
  • Construction, repairs and maintenance may only be carried out by persons who have the necessary skills to work with gas.
  • List of companies and their contacts on the website of the Department of Technical Supervision
  • The presence of professional skills can be checked by the name of the company on the website

Carboxytherapy | Dikul center

Why do joint diseases kill and how to save your life if you have gout, arthritis, osteochondrosis or other joint or spine disease?

In 2018 alone, more than 35 thousand people became disabled.Of these, about 10 thousand – with complete paralysis. Even a little less – 5 thousand died due to blood poisoning and sepsis, which began due to rotting of the joints and periarticular tissue. Sore joints are not only pain and disability, but also a constant source of infection for the body, which provokes blood poisoning and sepsis, and in 47% of cases leads to oncology – osteosarcoma. ( From the press conference of Olga Afanasyeva, chief physician of the Research Institute of Rheumatology.)

Even microinflammation in the joints throws cancer-producing molecules into the bloodstream, and no one will say for sure in which area of ​​the body they will turn into a tumor.Osteochondrosis, which most people do not consider a problem at all, is actually the 2nd cause of leukemia and the 1st cause of bone marrow cancer. The main, and in fact, the only reason for aching joints and spine is salt deposits and problems with blood supply. Because of this, the process of decay of the periarticular tissue, cartilage and the destruction of the joint itself begins.

Yes, of course, no one dies from osteochondrosis or arthritis, but they are a trigger for a more terrible pathology.

Modern medicine offers a new method of treating pathology of the spine and joints – carboxytherapy or gas injections . This procedure allows you to improve the patient’s condition after the first session. But before using the technique, you need to know about its indications, contraindications and features.

The essence of the method

Degenerative-dystrophic changes in cartilage and vertebrae provoke pain. Usually, pathological changes occur due to hypoxia (lack of oxygen), as well as a deficiency of nutrients in the tissues against the background of excessive loads or metabolic disorders.As a result, the muscles become denser, tense, there is a spasm, painful sensations. Carboxytherapy for the back and joints is a new method of treatment using carbon dioxide. During the procedure, the doctor injects medical carbon dioxide into the joints or muscles of the back near the spine using a special device. After the injection, the capillaries expand, the blood flow increases, and the metabolism accelerates.

Reference: Even after the first session of carboxytherapy, the functionality of the body increases, cells and tissues are saturated with nutrients, pain, spasm disappears, and immune defense is activated.Weakened cartilage, blood vessels, nerve processes are supplied with oxygen, the symptoms of degenerative-dystrophic disorders become less pronounced. After the procedure, the development of pathology slows down. Carboxytherapy is carried out using special equipment. This machine is designed to gently introduce carbon dioxide. Do not worry, during the session, a purified substance is used, which is confirmed by quality certificates. CO 2 is not dangerous for the body, It is excreted after 10-15 minutes.

Mechanism of action

The method of invasive carboxytherapy is based on the use of sterile carbon dioxide, which is administered to the patient by subcutaneous or intradermal injection. Since a local state of hypercapnia occurs at the injection site, this causes vasodilation, improved blood circulation, blood flow with oxygen, improved metabolic processes and the removal of metabolic products retained in cells. The positive effects of invasive carboxytherapy are explained by the fact that carbon dioxide allows almost lightning speed to enter into reactions at the cellular level and interact with fermented components of plasma, protein, carbohydrate components with the formation of active carbon dioxide and its products, ensuring the normalization of pH in tissues.An increase in the level of carbon dioxide in cells and tissues is perceived by them as an external activator of physiological life support processes.

Carbon dioxide is injected into specific areas of the skin or muscles. After the procedure, the blood condition improves. This is a natural phenomenon, since carbon dioxide is produced in the body, it stimulates all organs and tissues through the blood. But with aging, all processes slow down and the amount of substance in the body decreases.Because of this, the space of the blood vessels is narrowed, and its capacity is impaired. After carboxytherapy, blood circulation increases, the affected areas are saturated with useful substances, so their functionality is gradually restored. After the injection, the body is in a state of stress, and hypoxia increases. The lumen of the vessels expands, blood circulation is stimulated, after which oxygen begins to be actively released and saturate the tissues. According to research, the level of useful gas after the procedure increases by 3 times or more.To increase the effectiveness of the procedure, injections are made in the most affected areas. CO 2 is excreted from the body, and oxygen continues to work. Carboxytherapy is used for diseases of the spine and joints – then CO 2 is injected into the muscles that surround the affected vertebrae or joints.


  • Gas injections are used to treat osteochondrosis at any stage, especially during the weakening of the symptoms of a chronic disease.
  • In severe forms of pathology, which is accompanied by bulging of the intervertebral disc or intervertebral hernias, this technique is also effective.
  • Carboxytherapy is used for the following diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
    • Arthritis.
    • Arthrosis.
    • Rheumatic diseases.
    • Inflammatory or dystrophic lesions of the periarticular structures.
    • Constant pain in the area of ​​muscles or joints.
  • Headache, dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis.
  • Gout.
  • Disease of bone tissue due to calcium deficiency.
  • In addition, pneumopuncture is used in the postoperative or post-traumatic periods, for certain diseases of the heart, blood vessels, varicose veins, pathologies of the nervous system, obesity, and skin defects.
  • Gas injections are effective for diseases of the genital organs.


Postinfarction or poststroke condition.Due to the acceleration of blood flow, there is a risk of increasing the area of ​​damage in the heart muscle. Epileptic seizures, mental disorders (an attack is possible after an injection). Angina pectoris (a form of myocardial ischemia, which is accompanied by chest pain). Functional failure of the heart, kidneys or lungs. Liver disease. Severe hypertension. Due to vasospasm, a hypertensive crisis or stroke may develop. Severe inflammation of tissues or organs. There is a possibility of infection of the site at the injection site and intensification of the pathological process.The period of pregnancy, lactation. There is no evidence that the procedure is safe for the child. Blood clotting disorder. Simultaneous intake of diuretics from the group of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and anticoagulants. Epistaxis and menstrual bleeding may worsen.

Effect of the performed procedure

After sessions of carboxytherapy, doctors and patients notice positive changes: Blood circulation increases in the affected areas. Edema disappears, the pressure of the vertebrae on the nerve endings decreases.Disorders of cerebral circulation, dizziness weaken or disappear. The outflow of lymphatic fluid improves. The functionality of the damaged segments of the spine is restored. The risk of further development of vertebral or articular pathologies is reduced. The activity of the spinal cord is restored. The cartilage layer is saturated with nutrients, and the regeneration of damaged tissues is accelerated. Spasm disappears, as well as muscle and ligament pain. The inflammatory process is reduced. The signs of meteopathy (meteosensitivity) are stopped.The headache caused by diseases of the cervical spine disappears. The work of the nervous system improves, sleep is strengthened. The venous outflow of blood is restored. The breakdown of fats is accelerated. Metabolic processes are stimulated, the body is cleansed of toxins and toxins. The body begins to produce collagen. The body’s defenses are strengthened. As you can see, carboxytherapy is good for the whole body.

Help. Gas injections demonstrate anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, anti-aging, restorative effects.During the procedure, no chemicals are used that can irritate the tissues. Carboxytherapy is safe and effective, and the results can be seen after the first injection. 1 session lasts no longer than 5 – 10 minutes. After the performed carboxytherapy procedure, the patient can immediately return to normal business.

An allergic reaction to gas injections is impossible, this is due to the fact that CO 2 is a natural gas that is produced in the body. The risk of infection is also minimal, since sterile instruments and purified gas are used during the procedure.

Procedure steps

First, the doctor conducts diagnostics to determine all areas that need injections, to identify contraindications. The specialist must have a certificate that allows him to conduct carboxytherapy sessions. For the result to be positive, injections are injected into the main places of concentration of nerves and muscles around the affected joint or along the length of the spinal column. It is important to treat all areas suffering from hypoxia.

How carboxytherapy is performed

The patient sits on a chair or lies down on a couch.The sites for the introduction of carbon dioxide are treated with an antiseptic solution to avoid infection. With the help of a special device, mini-injections are made, which practically do not cause pain. Depth of injection, suitable pressure, CO dose 2 are selected by the doctor individually for each patient. During the procedure, the patient may feel a slight burning sensation and crackling under the skin (this is how the gas is absorbed). After a few minutes, the discomfort disappears. It is not recommended to rest after gas injections; on the contrary, you need to take a walk or do simple physical exercises to speed up blood circulation.So the effect of the procedure will be more pronounced.

Patients feel relief after the first session of gas injections, after the first session. The duration of the therapeutic course is from 3 to 10 sessions. The decision on the duration of the course is made by the doctor, while taking into account the age, general condition, and the severity of the pathology. The effect after 1 course persists for 12 months. To prevent an exacerbation of the disease, the patient must undergo 1 additional session 1 time in 4 weeks.

Important: After carboxyterpia, the injection site must be protected from water ingress. In addition, it is forbidden to take a bath or use the sauna. It is also better to refuse from tight underwear. According to statistics, negative reactions occur in no more than 10% of patients: Puffiness, which disappears after a few minutes. A slight crack under the skin at the injection site also quickly disappears. In most cases, the injections do not cause discomfort.


Carboxytherapy can be done not in all clinics in Russia, this procedure is performed only in large medical centers in large cities.However, despite this, this direction of treatment is actively developing. The price of 1 session and the entire course depends on the level of the medical institution, equipment, treatment area, and the number of procedures. In the center of Dikul “Losiny Ostrov” there are quite low prices for carboxytherapy sessions, so you, dear patients, have the opportunity to immediately purchase a course treatment of 3-5 sessions.


Most of the patients who have experienced the effect of carboxytherapy are satisfied with the result.They say the injections are practically painless, but there may be small bruises on the treated area that quickly disappear.

I suffered from severe arthritis in my arms, on the advice of a friend, I decided to try treatment with gas injections. After the first session, the condition improved: the pain, spasms disappeared, I can clench my hand into a fist, hold not very heavy objects. Now I take a course every 6 months. The disease has practically receded, so I recommend it to everyone who suffers from a similar problem.

I was diagnosed with a herniated disc after falling on my back in winter. The doctor gave me a referral, so it turned out cheaper than I expected. Before the first session, I could not change clothes on my own because of severe pain, so the doctors helped me. After 3 procedures, I was already able to bend over myself! Small abrasions appeared on the back in the area of ​​the injections, which disappeared after a couple of days. However, this is a trifle compared to the fact that I got freedom of movement again!

I was diagnosed with radiculopathy, the vertebrae pinched the roots of the spinal nerves and blood vessels.The doctor advised me to take carboxytherapy, but I doubted that it would help me, since a strong headache, heartache, cramps in the arms and legs made my life very difficult. So I made up my mind and did not regret it! After 3 sessions, the unpleasant symptoms disappeared, so my opinion about carbon dioxide treatment has changed dramatically!

Conclusion: carboxytherapy for the back and joints is an effective and safe procedure. Patients feel relief after the first session: excruciating pain, inflammation, edema disappear, bone and cartilage tissue is restored, blood is purified.But in order to achieve good results, you need to find a professional doctor with experience in carboxytherapy and complete the full course of treatment.

90,000 Flatulence will recede: diet and proper nutrition are the key to excellent well-being

There is a saying that a healthy person is one who does not hurt anything. Flatulence cannot be called a disease, but there are periods when it is capable of delivering a lot of unpleasant sensations. A person who has encountered more than once the problem of “rumbling” in the stomach will begin to look for ways to eliminate this phenomenon as a source of embarrassment and physical discomfort.And he will turn his attention … to food, of course. More precisely, on those products that can help him fight flatulence, as well as those that are better not to use, so as not to again be faced with a “gas” binge.

Flatulence as a sign of unhealthy digestion

Everyone knows the feeling of heaviness and bloating after a heavy meal. It is often accompanied by belching, heartburn, or severe abdominal pain. The people say about it: “gases walk”. In medical circles, this phenomenon is called flatulence.

Video: Causes of flatulence

Flatulence can be caused by various reasons:

  • overeating;
  • the use of certain categories of products;
  • enzyme deficiency;
  • early postoperative and postpartum periods;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) – colitis, pancreatitis, irritable bowel syndrome, etc.;
  • violation of intestinal motility.

In all these cases, the body can and should be helped, first of all by adhering to a certain diet and diet, so that the disease does not annoy with its manifestations, which include:

  • bloating;
  • Feeling of heaviness in the stomach after eating;
  • acute pain localized in the abdominal cavity;
  • belching;
  • heartburn;
  • flatulence (when the release of gas from the anus exceeds reasonable limits).

After all, medicines, firstly, cannot be taken indefinitely, and secondly, they are not particularly effective for flatulence.

Increased gas production can occur on its own, as an isolated case, or it can be a symptom of a rather serious illness. In this case, other manifestations will join him, such as diarrhea or, conversely, constipation, nausea, bitterness in the mouth and even fever! If the feeling of “overflow” with food occurs after each meal, regardless of the amount eaten, then the likelihood of significant problems with the gastrointestinal tract is close to one hundred percent! In this case, you should definitely visit a gastroenterologist.

Very young children often have stomach puffiness, and surely every mother remembers how she was looking for a way to relieve the child’s gas waste, because, remaining in the intestines, they can cause severe pain. This is due to the immaturity of the child’s digestive tract, and if he is breastfed, then the closest attention should be paid to the mother’s nutrition. It is believed that if the body of a nursing mother perceives a certain product well, therefore, the child will not have difficulty digesting milk after the mother uses this product.And again, it all comes down to food!

Principles of proper nutrition with increased gas production in the intestine

Flatulence itself is more a symptom than a disease. You can say goodbye to him forever if you know what foods you can and should eat, and what is fraught with consequences, and adhere to these rules.

Gallery: Vegetables, fruits and other products desirable for consumption

The frequency of meals for this manifestation should be 5-6 times a day in small portions, which is necessary to improve the digestive tract and relieve symptoms, because one of the causes of flatulence is overeating …In addition, you must drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day – this is one of the conditions for normal digestion.


  • snacks;
  • meals on the go;
  • dry water (soups are a must!).

It is better to give up habits such as smoking and chewing gum altogether.

If increased gas production is one of the signs of a more serious illness, then the food still needs to be processed accordingly (for example, for gastritis, colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, the diet should be gentle, the food will have to be rubbed so as not to injure the already inflamed gastrointestinal mucosa -intestinal tract).With a tendency to constipation, what is eaten should improve intestinal motility. A prerequisite is the presence of a large amount of coarse fiber in the products, which is achieved by replenishing the menu with as much fresh vegetables, fruits and freshly squeezed juices as possible. Rice is excluded – it strengthens, flour products (including pasta), chocolate, sweets with gelatin (marshmallow, marmalade, jelly), coffee. With pancreatitis, it is very desirable to use a decoction of oats or oatmeal jelly.

You can finally cure flatulence by adjusting your diet and removing some foods from it, which will be discussed below.

Is it possible to eat it or is it better to abstain?

So, the problem was identified, as well as the most expedient way to solve it. Now let’s figure out what you can include in your daily menu.

Table: Allowed and prohibited foods for flatulence
, pearl barley

904 07

Allowed foods Unwanted foods
Low-fat meat and fish All legumes (peas, 90 soybeans, beans, beans, beans

Pumpkin, beets, carrots Apples, pears, bananas, persimmons, dates,
Soft-boiled eggs, omelettes Grapes, watermelon
Dried fruits
Spices: ginger, coriander, laurel,
Fresh baked goods
Sour milk products Carbonated drinks
(including beer and tea , mint,
calamus root, cherry berries)
Smoked, salted, fried and fatty
Dill water, oat broth Semi-finished products or food with chemical additives
, fast food
Liquid vegetable soups Sweets
Any greens 9016 Nuts, vegetables

Nuts, vegetables

seeds or seeds, or

Sour fruits
Plain water Onions, all kinds of cabbage
(especially white cabbage)
Prunes, apricots, pomegranates Whole milk, ice cream


Stale white bread, croutons from it Pasta
Baked apples Strong alcohol

, legumes), stimulating increased secretion digestive tract, should not be consumed.

Gallery: Foods that cause gas formation and bloating

Having selected suitable foods, you can now think about what to cook from them so that the food does not seem bland and monotonous.

Table: Sample weekly menu for adults with excessive gas


Cookies semolina with
jam, tea

90 407

Food intake
Days of the week

Monday Tuesday Tuesday
Breakfast Buckwheat porridge
on water, sandwich
with herring oil
, apple juice
juice with water
Noodles with cheese,
zucchini caviar,
herbal tea with mint
sour cream stew 9014 jam
Rice porridge,
sandwich with
liver paste
, apple juice
Second breakfast Baked apple,
cooked omelet 908 with tomatoes
pies ,
Dried Fruit Decoction
Curd Pudding,
Shipo Decoction vnika
Lunch Vegetable soup,
meatballs with
mashed potatoes,
jelly from
dried fruits
Soup with meatballs,
lazy cabbage rolls,
berry jelly
Chicken broth Chicken broth
zucchini, compote
from apples
Meat broth with
egg flakes,
steamed cutlets with
vegetables garnish,
grated berries
Afternoon snack Kefir, unpalatable apples

Cookies Natural yogurt,
uncooked roll
Dinner Cheesecakes, caviar from
eggplant, jelly
Carrot cutlets,
baked sandwich 9011 with curd tea
Herculean porridge with
jam, sandwich
with grated cheese, green tea
Before going to bed Kefir, croutons Kefir, uncooked
Kissel, crackers Kefir, uncooked

  • 4

  • with water

    4 Kef , uncooked biscuits

    Friday Saturday Sunday
    Breakfast Curd pudding
    with sour cream,
    sandwich with
    cranberry cranberry bread corn
    with carrots, sandwich with
    homemade liver pate
    , green tea
    Second breakfast Mashed potatoes
    with carrot cutlet
    , decoction
    dried fruit 9011 Cheese
    carrots Steam omelet,
    Lunch 9 0411

    Fish soup with
    vegetables, fish
    soufflé with boiled rice
    , jelly from
    Tomato salad
    with garlic, broth with
    beef stroganoff from
    beef with mashed potatoes
    11 potatoes, mashed
    , mashed berries
    Rice soup with
    curd soufflé,
    Afternoon snack Kefir, mashed
    berries, croutons
    Kefir, uncomfortable
    Baked apples

    114 brambles

    Baked apples

    114 briarberry cheese,
    beetroot caviar,
    uncooked bun,

    Zucchini pancakes,
    sandwich with
    liver pate,
    Zucchini stuffed
    with vegetables with meat,
    9011 grated berries with meat,
    9011 grated berries
    Baked apples Decoction of dried fruits
    , croutons

    In pursuit of the goal of getting rid of gas formation, you also need to think about improving intestinal motility – for this you need to regularly add dishes with beets, prunes, fermented milk products (kefir, fermented baked milk, etc.) to the menu.).

    Recommendations for the preparation of some dishes from healthy products

    Steamed fish soufflé

    Cooking time – about 30 minutes

    • fresh fish – 400 gr .;
    • milk – 1 glass;
    • butter – 40 gr.;
    • egg – 1 pc.;
    • flour – 1 tbsp. l.
    1. Boil the fish in salted water, separate the skin and bones.
    2. Make milk sauce by combining flour and hot milk.
    3. Pass the fish through a meat grinder, add thick milk sauce, butter, yolk, mix, add whipped protein.
    4. Put in a greased dish and cover, cook in a bain-marie in the oven until lightly browned.

    Fish soufflé is a dietary dish that does not irritate the gastrointestinal tract.

    Baked apple

    Cooking time – about 30-40 minutes at an oven temperature of 180 degrees.

    The simplest recipe, but extremely useful, and most importantly – no side effects in the form of bloating and flatulence. All you need is an apple.You need to carefully remove the core from it, and put it in a heat-resistant dish in the oven. The apple is ready when it is easily pierced with a knife.

    Raw apples cause flatulence, and baked apples can be eaten without fear

    Cheesecakes with carrots

    Cooking time – about 1 hour.

    • cottage cheese – 250 gr.;
    • carrots – 1 pc.;
    • flour – 200 gr.;
    • egg – 1 pc.;
    • sugar – 2 tbsp. l .;
    • soda – a pinch;
    • vegetable oil for frying.
    1. Grate carrots on a fine grater.
    2. Combine cottage cheese, egg, sugar, soda and carrots, half a glass of flour, mix well.
    3. Add remaining flour in the process and knead to a soft dough.
    4. Divide it into small balls, from which make not very thin cakes.
    5. Dip them in flour and fry in a preheated skillet with oil.

    Cheesecakes with carrots are one of the allowed dishes for gas formation

    How long to wait for the result

    It will take several months to adhere to such a diet, but the result is worth it:

    • will stop bothering the symptoms of flatulence;
    • heartburn and belching will disappear;
    • the correct functioning of the gastrointestinal tract will improve;
    • Weight loss is probably the most pleasant bonus for those who want to get rid of excess fat.

    It is possible that the enzyme metabolism will improve. Indeed, according to some doctors, a rather monotonous diet is physiologically characteristic of our body, in which the endocrine glands produce enzymes of a certain type. With a frequent variety of diet, these glands are forced to reconfigure each time, because different enzymes are needed to process different nutrients. For vegetables – some, for meat – others, etc.

    And among traditional healers, herbalists there is a belief that the most useful products for humans are those that grow within a radius of about 100 km from our permanent place of residence, provided that in the same place a person was born and raised.In simple terms, this means that a carrot grown in a neighboring field will be several times more useful than a banana grown far away.

    From what we eat, our body builds, like brick by bricks, all organs and systems. And the more responsible one approaches the issue of nutrition, the better the body will cope with its task. After all, the human body is not a jar of saline, where organs float by themselves, everything is interconnected here. Therefore, a balanced diet will do a good service not only to the digestive system, but also to the entire body.Eat right and stay healthy!

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    90,000 Influence of carbonated drinks on the human body

    Soda has a very bad effect on the work of the gastrointestinal
    path. For children, it is even more harmful, since they have not yet formed
    adult type of gastric secretion – it is lower for them, and lemonades are even more
    reduce acid formation. Dyes can cause allergic reactions and
    one of the ingredients in soda – carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide) – causes
    belching, bloating and other undesirable effects in the body.

    Sugar present in large quantities in carbonated water,
    provokes another nuisance – caries. And even if you brush your teeth
    twice a day and rinsing your mouth after a glass of soda, this will only reduce, but
    will not eliminate the harmful effects of this product or provide adequate protection.

    Patients with high blood sugar are more likely to have cancer
    pancreas and ureters. In women, the likelihood of these
    diseases are 25% higher than in men.Although prostate cancer in men
    overweight and high blood sugar is less common than
    those whose weight is within normal limits.

    “With the exception of prostate cancer, men with high blood sugar
    blood, the risk of getting cancer is 17% higher than the rest, says
    urologist Per Stattin, associate professor at the University of Umeå. – A reason for a special
    concern is the fact that over the past 13 years, during which we
    conducted research, the average blood sugar level in the population of the country increased by
    an average of 17%.It can be assumed that this will lead to an increase in the number of cases
    cancer diseases “.

    Soda adds unnecessary, non-food calories to our diet. TO
    besides, as it was found in one of the studies, obese adolescents receive
    more than 10 percent of their calories from soda, while their peers with
    normal weight drinks provide only 7.6% of calories.

    Those who drink carbonated drinks instead of milk or others
    dairy products are more likely to have a lower calcium intake.And this is fraught with the development of osteoporosis, a disease in which bones become
    fragile and break easily. Currently, 10 million Americans have
    osteoporosis. Another 18 million have low bone density, and they enter
    a risk group facing this disease. Adults lose the ability
    accumulate calcium in bone tissue. That is why it is recommended to consume
    more calcium between ages 9 and 18. The development of osteoporosis is usually
    appears after fifty. And the harm of soda is not immediately noticeable.But
    studies show that 3-15-year-old children who have had fractures
    bones had a lower bone density, which could be
    a consequence of low calcium intake.

    Cardiovascular diseases . They are promoted by a diet rich in saturated fat and
    cholesterol. Smoking and a sedentary lifestyle play a role. Moreover, for
    for many adults, the development of such diseases can also be condoned by diet,
    rich in sugar. It contributes to the development of atherosclerosis.

    Scientists have also suspected a link between the consumption of soda and
    kidney stone disease.

    Certain food additives used in
    carbonated drinks. Caffeine, which is found in most drinks,
    produced by “Coca-Cola” and “Pepsi-Cola” is a mild psychoactive
    a stimulant capable of causing addiction. One of the problems associated with
    caffeine is related to the aforementioned osteoporosis. The fact is that
    caffeine increases the excretion of calcium in the urine.Not to mention that caffeine
    can cause irritability, insomnia, nervousness, headaches. Have
    in children, the ability to concentrate may be impaired.

    Carbonated drinks can damage DNA. This unexpected conclusion was reached by Peter Piper of the university.
    Sheffield, conducting a series of experiments in his laboratory. Many problems associated
    with age-related changes or alcohol abuse, such as cirrhosis
    liver and Parkinson’s disease, it turns out, can be caused by common
    refreshing fizzy.They (and actually not only them) contain
    substance, the harmful effects of which, according to Piper, are still

    This is sodium benzoate (E211), a widespread
    food preservative approved by all relevant authorities
    in different countries.

    Sodium benzoate was somehow already a subject of concern, only in that
    once it was about its carcinogenic effect. The fact is that when connecting
    sodium benzoate with vitamin C in soft drinks, benzene is formed,
    carcinogenic substance.There were even cases of removal from sale of some brands
    drinks due to the increased benzene content against the norms.

    However, in general, E211 is considered a safe supplement, of course,
    subject to the current regulations for its limit in products.

    Now Peter Piper, Professor of Molecular Biology and
    biotechnology, tested the effect of sodium benzoate on living yeast cells and
    discovered that this compound damages an important region of DNA in mitochondria.

    He says, “These chemicals cause serious DNA damage in
    mitochondria so that they completely inactivate it.Mitochondria give you
    energy, and if you damage them in large quantities, the cell begins
    malfunction. There are many diseases that are associated specifically with
    damage to this part of DNA – Parkinson’s disease and a number of neurodegenerative
    diseases, and also – it is associated with the aging process. ”

    Thus, the scientist believes, the norms for the content of E211 in food
    products should be reconsidered with more research. He thinks that
    existing methods for determining the harm from sodium benzoate are incorrect and not
    take into account the above opening.Piper is especially worried about children who
    consume large quantities of carbonated drinks.

    On advertising in the United States, companies producing sugary drinks do not spend
    less than $ 700 million per year. At the same time, according to Advertising Age magazine, in 2005
    Coca-Cola Co was ranked 14th in the world in terms of advertising budget. According to
    public organization National Alliance for Healthy Nutrition, one of the reasons
    popularity of such drinks – their relatively low cost.

    The University of Texas estimates that approximately 33% of people
    who have been drinking 1-2 cans of similar drinks for a long time
    day, are overweight or obese; if the dose of “soda”
    exceeds 2 cans a day, the chances of getting fat increase to 47%.Curious that
    for those who like the dietary variations of these drinks, the chances of gaining weight are even higher.
    a third of 1-2 year olds have already tried this kind of drinks.

    Research Center for Science and Society Interests,
    who published a report on the effects of lemonade on the health of American waists,
    called the soft drinks “liquid candy.” The fact is that teenagers in
    In this form, 12-15 teaspoons of sugar are consumed per day. According to officially adopted in
    US standards, the daily intake of sugar should not exceed 6-12 spoons (in
    depending on the person’s age, state of health and lifestyle).except
    sugar, other ingredients of “liquid candy” are alarming: caffeine causes
    addictive and in large quantities negatively affects the nervous system,
    some dyes can cause allergies, asthma and other unpleasant
    ailments. In addition, such drinks, consumed in large quantities,
    negatively affect the teeth. In 2005, a study was published,
    conducted by the Virginia Institute of Technology, the authors of which came to
    the conclusion that sugary drinks negatively affect the smiles of adults – children from
    this quality of lemonades is not affected.

    All carbonated drinks are recommended to be drunk chilled, but there is
    one common effect that applies to all cold drinks. IN
    the practice of Soviet radiologists (Prof. V.D. Lindenbraten, 1969) was such
    happening. It was necessary to achieve the retention of barium porridge in the stomach for a while,
    necessary for X-ray examination. But it turned out that if the porridge
    give without preheating, then the porridge leaves the stomach faster than
    the radiographers had time to adjust their not so perfect equipment.Radiologists became interested in this fact, conducted experiments and, found out,
    that if you drink food with cold drinks (for example, Pepsi-Cola with ice), then
    the residence time of food in the stomach is reduced from 4-5 hours to 20 minutes (more
    about this in the doctoral dissertation of Lindenbraten V.D. “Materials for the question of
    action on the body heat “, 1969, Institute of Experimental Medicine of the Academy of Medical Sciences
    USSR, Leningrad).

    This is, firstly, a direct path to obesity, since such
    it is impossible to get enough food and the feeling of hunger comes very quickly.Secondly,
    so putrefactive processes begin in the intestines, because normal
    digestion, as such, and was not. At the same time for hot drinks – tea, coffee
    – a fairly high price is set and they are not included in complex
    sets, but the ice “Coca-Cola” is relatively cheap. From the above
    we can conclude: to avoid digestive problems, never
    wash down food with cold drinks! Taking warm Cola-Light leads to decay
    aspartame into very harmful components, taking cold Cola causes
    immediate leaving of undigested food from the stomach.

    At a glance:

    1. Sugary sodas consumed in large
    quantities inevitably lead to diabetes and obesity.

    2. Phosphoric acid promotes excretion from the body
    calcium, magnesium and zinc, which are also not good.

    3. Worst of all,
    that with the consumption of many lemonades, the thirst only increases, forcing
    consume more and more drink.

    4. Drinking soda may increase
    acidity of gastric juice, stimulate the motor activity of the intestines.

    5. All chemical additives added to the beverage for
    improvement of taste, smell, color, as well as preservatives added to increase
    the shelf life of the product, are potentially quite strong allergens.

    6. Sugar abundant in
    carbonated water, provokes tooth decay.

    7. Phenylalanine,
    contained in aspartame, changes the threshold of sensitivity, depletes reserves
    serotonin, which contributes to the development of
    manic depression, anxiety attacks, anger and violence.

    Fungi on microplastics can cause the next massive infection

    Scientists have noticed that numerous species of pathogenic fungi are finding new habitats on microplastic particles in the soil. They can be one of the reasons for the increase in the number of fungal infections.Researchers in Germany analyzed fungal growths from soil samples taken near settlements in western Kenya.

    This study is the first to study fungal communities on microplastic particles in soil. Many of the detected species belong to the groups of fungi that are pathogenic for plants, animals and humans. Pathogenic micro-fungi are able to colonize the surfaces of microplastic particles due to their characteristic adhesive lifestyle. In addition, they are able to withstand the strong solar radiation and heat that they are exposed to on the soil surface.

    “We observed all stages of fungal biofilm formation on microplastic particles extracted from soil samples. At the same time, we were able to show that mushrooms not only grow, but also multiply in the so-called plastisphere. The data support the hypothesis that fungi systematically colonize microplastics in the soil. Moreover, they serve as evidence that microplastics in the soil accumulate certain types of pathogenic fungi: some species that are dangerous to humans, including black fungus and cryptococcal yeasts, are present on the surface of microplastic particles in higher concentrations than in the surrounding soil ”, – noted by the researchers.

    They used imaging techniques such as scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy to study microplastic particles. Metabarcoding analysis showed that the number of species on microplastic particles was different than in soil samples. “Thus, the results of our study support the assumption that specialized fungal communities are formed on microplastic particles, which are significantly different from the fungal communities in the surrounding soil,” the researchers added.

    The researchers noted that their discovery indicates the urgency of the problem in tropical regions, where the level of fungal infections is already high. At the same time, the growth of fungal infections is observed all over the world, but measures for waste management are required to stop this growth, they are sure.

    Read more

    An explanation has been found of how the Universe is reflected near black holes

    Mass poisoning and new versions of the death of civilization: how our knowledge about the Maya has changed

    Detailed photos of the galaxies closest to us have appeared

    “There are many people in Vladivostok collect artifacts “

    Alla Fomicheva, director of the Rarity antique gallery.
    She was born in Krasnoyarsk. She received two higher educations: one – technical (Odessa Institute of Marine Engineers, Faculty of Management), the second – humanitarian (FEFU). I got to Vladivostok in 1986 by assignment.
    At the time of the gallery’s opening in 2006 (to which she had an indirect relationship) she had a solid work experience in a large enterprise and in commercial structures. Came to the gallery in 2012.

    Here abstract artistic assessments fade into the background, giving way to sound and cold calculation.Everything is like in securities – echelons, ratios and road shows. One difference is that aesthetics always remain. Alla Fomicheva spoke about the antiques market in Primorye “K”.

    – Alla Anatolyevna, your first education is technical, your second is humanitarian. Why did you decide from “physicists” to become “lyricists”?

    – I have always lived in a city by the sea, and it was decisive for me to choose a direction that would allow me to study, work and live in a sea city. The Odessa Institute of Marine Engineers gave me a lot – both for my career and for personal growth.But when it became possible to draw knowledge from such an extensive source as the Internet, it became necessary to systematize it. Here the scales tipped in favor of the humanitarian direction, and the choice fell on FEFU. Perhaps I was driven by the desire to establish inner harmony and freedom in self-realization.

    Having such a base, I take every opportunity to improve my qualifications. Therefore, various courses and trainings have already helped me to master accounting (necessary for work), and software products for a computer, and antiques, the basics of art history and design.

    – How long did it take you to fill the salon? And through what channels do things get to you?

    – Filling is a matter of time and money. The funds received from the sale, as a rule, are used to select and pay for the next purchase. What is in the halls of the gallery today has been collected for over 10 years. We work with people who are ready to offer interesting material on a commission sale basis, but we approach this very selectively. Our contacts with collectors go beyond the region, and this allows us to quickly receive information about the collections and items for sale, as well as auction sales.In addition, we ourselves regularly try to attend gatherings of collectors, both in Russia and abroad.

    – What are these gatherings?

    – As a rule, they are themed: by coins, postcards or stamps. Sometimes several topics are combined or diluted with each other. The initiators are one collector or a group of collectors. Information about the rallies is disseminated through social networks in advance. The entrance to such an event is paid. For example, the last rally where we were was held in the Netherlands, in the small town of Maastricht.Bonists (collectors of paper banknotes) gathered there. They had at their disposal a sports hall of one of the complexes. All entrances were guarded, and only holders of name badges with a photo were allowed into the territory. Those who wanted to place their material on the tables paid additionally for the rental of tables. In the first two days, sellers gathered and communicated with each other (the right of first viewing and sale), there were about 100 of them, and the next three days collectors drove up to the rally.

    At such rating events useful acquaintances, exchanges take place, the latest news is learned.They are also interesting from the point of view of owners of hotels, restaurants, travel agencies.

    – What do residents of Vladivostok collect most often?

    – I cannot but note that in Vladivostok a lot of people enthusiastically collect artifacts related to the history of the city and the region. The themes of the collections are varied: these are postcards with views of pre-revolutionary Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Blagoveshchensk, Nikolsk-Ussuriisk, views of the city during the intervention, postcards and awards of the Russo-Japanese War, photographs of sailors who served in the Far East of the Russian Empire.Many collect money issued by various governments trying to establish their power in the Far East. There are collectors among collectors of postage stamps, labels and envelopes with views of Vladivostok. And of course, the products of the porcelain factories of Vladivostok and Artyom are also already collectible items, and still quite affordable.

    – It is widely known that Dmitry Rogozin, for example, collects antique irons. Do public people come to you?

    – Collecting is developed in a creative environment.It’s nice that the touring artists of the Mariinsky Theater visit our gallery (there are several entries of their wishes in the guest book), the film actor Vadim Demchog collects bells and chose one in our gallery. And our famous fashion historian Alexander Vasiliev (he was present at the opening of the gallery in December 2006) purchased an old table mirror in a silver frame from the Ottaviani company to his collection.

    From the last impressions: one of the leaders of the Slovak ice hockey club, which took part in the match with “Admiral”, drove into the gallery in search of photographs and postcards of the Czechoslovak corps and found a lot of interesting material for himself.In addition, he turned out to be a collector of bonds and acquired quite rare galleries from the storerooms. We organized a trip for him to the memorial to the fallen Czechs at the Sea Cemetery, where he laid flowers, which was very touching. And what was our surprise when, after a month, a book-album was sent to the gallery’s address about the history of the advancement of the Czechoslovak corps to Vladivostok with many historical documents and photographs (now representatives of the V.K. creating your own exposition).

    – How acute is the personnel issue?

    – At the moment we are developing several areas where certain skills and education of applicants are in demand. The interview determines a lot here. In an area such as antiques, knowledge comes with experience. Basic education in history, art history, design is encouraged. The main requirement for employees is constant development and self-education. In the modern information space, it is important to be able to acquire the necessary knowledge on your own, and the possibility of their practical application will always be presented.

    – Can you give an example of the thing that personally received the most response from you?

    – I’ll tell you a little story. On my birthday, I was sorting through albums with postcards in the gallery. One album was empty, and I, just to make sure of this, flipped through it and suddenly found there one postcard with a view of the old city. She pulled it out carefully and on the back saw the text written in ink pen.

    The first lines fascinated me, it said: “Dear Allochka!” Not having time to be surprised at such a coincidence of the addressee’s name in the postcard with mine, I could not tear myself away.Then the text struck even more: there was a birthday greeting … and even a promise to send money to buy a bicycle. The postmark was not put, and it is not possible to determine the exact date of the message.

    This coincidence caused me extraordinary emotions – I was pleasantly surprised and still remembering this episode makes me smile.