About all

What is advil cold and sinus: How Advil Cold & Sinus Works


How Advil Cold & Sinus Works

Many people attribute the stuffiness associated with the cold or the flu to an increase in mucus which blocks their airways. While it is true that increased mucus is a symptom of the common cold, it is not always what causes you to feel so stuffed up. Instead, the true source of nasal and sinus congestion is often caused by inflammation of the tissues throughout the nose and face. When the body identifies a virus it considers a threat, it springs to defense in various ways, one of which is by causing the airways within the nose and sinuses to swell and become inflamed.

Advil Cold & Sinus is a combination of pseudoephedrine (a powerful decongestant) and ibuprofen (an effective pain reliever). The two work together to reduce nasal and sinus congestion caused by inflammation and lessen the pain associated with the common cold or the flu.


Relieves Nasal Congestion

The best way to relieve congestion is to treat the inflammation that causes it. Advil Cold & Sinus addresses this problem with an effective decongestant, called pseudoephedrine. Pseudoephedrine works by releasing norepinephrine, a form of adrenaline, which affects the tiny muscles lining the walls of blood vessels, causing them to constrict or close. This process serves to re-open vital airways and allows the cold-sufferer to breathe easier.


Relieves Pain

Advil Cold & Sinus also contains ibuprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and effective pain reliever for treating headache pain, body aches & soreness, and the aches & pains associated with the common cold or flu. It acts by inhibiting the COX enzyme responsible for the production of inflammatory mediators and hence interrupts the process that leads to inflammation, congestion, and hyper-sensitive nerve endings, providing effective pain relief.

Advil Cold & Sinus can help alleviate your discomfort from your swollen nose and sinuses making you feel less pain.


When to Use Advil

Cold & Sinus

Nasal and sinus congestion are symptoms of the common cold or flu. The decongestant in Advil Cold & Sinus relieves congestion to help relieve your stuffy nose and ibuprofen relieves pain. Advil Cold & Sinus is a safe, non-prescription drug that can be used by people 12 years and older. It’s available behind the pharmacy counter at your local drugstore or grocery store. As with all medications, make sure to read all directions to ensure the proper usage and if you have any concerns, consult your physician.

Advil Cold & Sinus: Overview of Mild & Severe Side Effects

How does Advil Cold & Sinus work to treat a sinus infection?

Advil Cold & Sinus is one of the most popular over-the-counter treatments for colds and sinus infections. The active ingredients, chlorpheniramine, ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine are found not only in Advil Cold & Sinus (the name-brand medication) but also in its generic counterparts.

Advil Cold & Sinus works to reduce the inflammation of the sinus passages and the build-up of excess mucus. The medication decreases sinus congestion and difficulty breathing by reducing swelling of the nasal tissues that restrict your airways. Advil also acts as a general pain reliever to ease the discomfort of sinus pressure. You can find Advil Cold & Sinus at your local pharmacy.

When suffering from the pain of a sinus infection we often jump at the quickest and easiest over-the-counter medication. Before reaching for the box of Advil at the drugstore at the onset of sinus congestion, take care to read the facts below concerning side effects. Even if you are not at risk for the serious side effects, it is important to remain aware of the milder, more common things you might experience before using this medication.

What are the mild and more common side effects of Advil Cold & Sinus?

All medications have side-effects. Consumers taking Advil Cold & Sinus potentially have a wide range of side effects. For example, the most common symptoms experienced by sinus sufferers after taking the medication include:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus (Ringing in the ears)
  • Slight drowsiness
  • Minor headache
  • Decreased appetite
  • Mild Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia or difficulty sleeping
  • Upset stomach
  • Vomiting
  • General weakness


What are the severe and less common side effects of Advil Cold & Sinus?


Although it is unlikely that you will experience any of the uncommon side effects of Advil Cold & Sinus, take care to read over the list carefully. If you notice any of these symptoms, call 911 and seek immediate medical attention.

  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Severe chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Numbness in extremities
  • Persistent drowsiness
  • Seizures
  • Severe vomiting
  • Sudden changes in speech or vision


Of the above side effects, the most frequent are a rapid or irregular heartbeat, persistent drowsiness and severe vomiting. Contact your doctor if you feel the onset of any of these symptoms.


Can Advil Cold & Sinus cause any gastrointestinal side effects?

Studies show that gastrointestinal (GI) issues are reported by roughly 25% of patients. Typically, these side effects are generally mild. Most gastrointestinal side effects do not extend past slight nausea and abdominal pain. More serious, yet uncommon gastrointestinal symptoms occur in an even smaller percentage of users. They include ulcers, hemorrhages and inflammation of the pancreas and colon.

Evaluate your personal and family medical history to determine whether you are at risk for any gastrointestinal issues, particularly the more unusual and severe side effects. Review this history together with your doctor to find out whether it is safe for you to take Advil Cold & Sinus.

Can Advil Cold & Sinus cause any cardiovascular side effects?

Cardiovascular side effects in Advil Sinus users are rare, occurring in roughly 1-3% of patients. Symptoms include swelling of fingers and toes, high blood pressure and peripheral edema. Research shows that a chief ingredient of Advil Cold & Sinus, pseudoephedrine, may increase the severity of previous hypertension issues. Pseduophedrine may also be responsible for additional cardiovascular side effects such as coronary artery spasm and chest pain.

Find out whether you are predisposed to heart arrhythmias, as Advil Cold & Sinus is known to increase the likelihood of future incidents of arrhythmia in a small percentage of patients.

Can Advil Cold & Sinus have adverse effects on the nervous system?

Studies show that severe side effects on the central nervous system after taking Advil Cold & Sinus are very rare, and include pseduotumor cerebri,  meningitis and paresthesias. Milder side effects are the result of the pseudoephedrine ingredient. They include headache, lethargy, and vertigo, but are easily treatable.

Who should not take Advil Cold & Sinus medication?

If you are particularly sensitive to, or have a history of allergic reactions to the active ingredients in Advil Cold & Sinus (ibuprofen, chlorpheniramine or pseudoephedrine) consult first with your doctor before taking it. Those who have recently undergone heart surgery should call a doctor before taking the medication. Pregnant women or women who are breast-feeding should talk to their doctor before taking Advil Cold & Sinus.

Your Safety First

Those with certain medical conditions should avoid taking Advil to treat sinus infections, particularly those who suffer from liver disease, heart disease, severe high blood pressure, Raynaud’s Syndrome, Crohn’s disease, or angioedema syndrome. If you are a smoker, you may also be an increased risk of suffering from both mild and severe side effects.

Note: This article does not contain an exhaustive list of side effects, as every medication includes adverse symptoms that have not yet been reported. Be sure to contact your primary care physician if you experience any abnormal side effects, and report them to the Food and Drug Administration. Call 911 if you have severe side-effects.


Advil Cold & Sinus Pain Reliever/Fever Reducer Liqui-Gels Capsules (32 ct)

Heart attack and stroke warning: NSAIDs, except aspirin, increase the risk of heart attack, heart failure, and stroke. These can be fatal. The risk is higher if you use more than directed or for longer than directed. Stop use and ask a doctor if you experience any of the following signs of stomach bleeding: feel faint vomit blood have bloody or black stools have stomach pain that does not get better you have symptoms of heart problems or stroke: chest pain trouble breathing weakness in one part or side of body slurred speech leg swelling fever gets worse or lasts more than 3 days nasal congestion lasts for more than 7 days symptoms continue or get worse redness or swelling is present in the painful area you get nervous, dizzy, or sleepless any new symptoms appear. . Symptoms may include: hives facial swelling asthma (wheezing) shock skin reddening z rash blisters If an allergic reaction occurs, stop use and seek medical help right away. Warnings Allergy alert: Ibuprofen may cause a severe allergic reaction, especially in people allergic to aspirin. Do not use in children under 12 years of age if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any other pain reliever/fever reducer right before or after heart surgery if you are now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric, or emotional conditions, or Parkinson’s disease), or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAOI drug. If you do not know if your prescription drug contains an MAOI, ask a doctor or pharmacist before taking this product. Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away. Stomach bleeding warning: This product contains an NSAID, which may cause severe stomach bleeding. The chance is higher if you: are age 60 or older have had stomach ulcers or bleeding problems take a blood thinning (anticoagulant) or steroid drug take other drugs containing prescription or nonprescription NSAIDs [aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or others] have 3 or more alcoholic drinks every day while using this product take more or for a longer time than directed. Ask a doctor before use if stomach bleeding warning applies to you you have problems or serious side effects from taking pain relievers or fever reducers you have a history of stomach problems, such as heartburn you have high blood pressure, heart disease, liver cirrhosis, kidney disease, asthma, thyroid disease, diabetes, have trouble urinating due to an enlarged prostate gland, or had a stroke you are taking a diuretic. Ask a doctor or pharmacist before use if you are under a doctor’s care for any serious condition taking any other product that contains pseudoephedrine or any other nasal decongestant taking aspirin for heart attack or stroke, because ibuprofen may decrease this benefit of aspirin taking any other drug. When using this product take with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. If symptoms do not respond to 1 capsule, 2 capsules may be used. do not use more than 6 capsules in any 24-hour period unless directed by a doctor children under 12 years of age: do not use. If pregnant or breast-feeding, ask a health professional before use. It is especially important not to use ibuprofen during the last 3 months of pregnancy unless definitely directed to do so by a doctor because it may cause problems in the unborn child or complications during delivery.

Ibuprofen; Pseudoephedrine tablets or caplets

What is this medicine?

IBUPROFEN; PSEUDOEPHEDRINE (eye BYOO proe fen; soo doe e FED rin) is a combination of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a decongestant. It is used to treat the aches and pains, congestion, and fever of the common cold, flu, or sinus problems.

This medicine may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Advil Cold and Sinus, Advil Flu and Body Ache, Dristan Sinus, Motrin Cold and Sinus, Motrin Sinus Headache

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of the following conditions:

  • bleeding problems
  • diabetes
  • heart disease or surgery
  • high blood pressure
  • kidney disease
  • not drinking fluids
  • severe vomiting or diarrhea
  • stomach ulcer or other problems
  • taken an MAOI like Carbex, Eldepryl, Marplan, Nardil, or Parnate in last 14 days
  • thyroid disease
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to ibuprofen, pseudoephedrine, other fever reducers or pain relievers, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the package label. You can take it with or without food. If it upsets your stomach, take it with food. Try to not lie down for at least 10 minutes after you take the medicine. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take it more often than directed.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 12 years old for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

Patients over 65 years old may have a stronger reaction and need a smaller dose.

Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of this medicine contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.

NOTE: This medicine is only for you. Do not share this medicine with others.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:

  • bromocriptine
  • cidofovir
  • cocaine
  • ergot alkaloids like dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, methylergonovine
  • MAOIs like Carbex, Eldepryl, Marplan, Nardil, and Parnate
  • methotrexate
  • pemetrexed
  • stimulant medicines for attention disorders, weight loss, or to stay awake

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • alcohol
  • alendronate
  • aspirin and aspirin-like medicines
  • cyclopropane
  • furazolidone
  • linezolid
  • ginkgo
  • mecamylamine
  • medicines for bladder problems
  • medicines for blood pressure, heart disease, irregular heart beat
  • medicines for chest pain like digoxin, nifedipine, verapamil
  • medicines for depression, anxiety, or psychotic disturbances
  • medicine for prostate
  • medicines for sleep during surgery
  • medicines that treat or prevent blood clots like warfarin, enoxaparin, and dalteparin
  • other drugs for congestion, fever, inflammation, or pain
  • procarbazine
  • reserpine
  • steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone
  • St. John’s Wort

This list may not describe all possible interactions. Give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use. Also tell them if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine.

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Tell your doctor or healthcare provider if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse. See your doctor if fever, pain, or nasal congestion gets worse or lasts more than 3 days.

If this medicine makes it hard for you to sleep, try taking the dose earlier in the day. If you still have trouble sleeping stop taking this medicine and see your doctor.

This medicine may cause serious skin reactions. They can happen weeks to months after starting the medicine. Contact your healthcare provider right away if you notice fevers or flu-like symptoms with a rash. The rash may be red or purple and then turn into blisters or peeling of the skin. Or, you might notice a red rash with swelling of the face, lips or lymph nodes in your neck or under your arms.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • fast, irregular heartbeat
  • feeling faint or lightheaded, falls
  • hallucinations
  • high blood pressure
  • pain, tingling, numbness in the hands or feet
  • redness, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth
  • severe stomach pain
  • signs and symptoms of bleeding such as bloody or black, tarry stools; red or dark-brown urine; spitting up blood or brown material that looks like coffee grounds; red spots on the skin; unusual bruising or bleeding from the eye, gums, or nose
  • signs and symptoms of a blood clot such as changes in vision; chest pain; severe, sudden headache; trouble speaking; sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg
  • trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine
  • unexplained weight gain or swelling
  • unusually weak or tired
  • yellowing of the eyes or skin

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • anxious
  • bruising
  • constipation or diarrhea
  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea, vomiting
  • trouble sleeping

This list may not describe all possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

This medicine may cause accidental overdose and death if taken by other adults, children, or pets. Mix any unused medicine with a substance like cat littler or coffee grounds. Then throw the medicine away in a sealed container like a sealed bag or a coffee can with a lid. Do not use the medicine after the expiration date.

Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F).

NOTE: This sheet is a summary. It may not cover all possible information. If you have questions about this medicine, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider.

Advil Cold and Sinus (Generic Pseudoephedrine)

Pseudoephedrine comes as a regular tablet, a 12-hour extended-release (long-acting) tablet, a 24-hour extended-release tablet, and a solution (liquid) to be taken by mouth. The regular tablets and liquid are usually taken every 4 to 6 hours. The 12-hour extended-release tablets usually are taken every 12 hours, and you should not take more than two doses in a 24-hour period. The 24-hour extended-release tablets usually are taken once a day, and you should not take more than one dose in a 24-hour period. To help prevent trouble sleeping, take the last dose of the day several hours before bedtime. Follow the directions on the package label or on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take pseudoephedrine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor or directed on the label.

Pseudoephedrine comes alone and in combination with other medications. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice on which product is best for your symptoms. Check nonprescription cough and cold product labels carefully before using 2 or more products at the same time. These products may contain the same active ingredient(s) and taking them together could cause you to receive an overdose. This is especially important if you will be giving cough and cold medications to a child.

Nonprescription cough and cold combination products, including products that contain pseudoephedrine, can cause serious side effects or death in young children. Do not give nonprescription pseudoephedrine products to children younger than 4 years of age. If you give these products to children 4-11 years of age, use caution and follow the package directions carefully. Do not give pseudoephedrine extended-release tablets to children younger than 12 years of age.

If you are giving pseudoephedrine or a combination product that contains pseudoephedrine to a child, read the package label carefully to be sure that it is the right product for a child of that age. Do not give pseudoephedrine products that are made for adults to children.

Before you give a pseudoephedrine product to a child, check the package label to find out how much medication the child should receive. Give the dose that matches the child’s age on the chart. Ask the child’s doctor if you don’t know how much medication to give the child.

If you are taking the liquid, do not use a household spoon to measure your dose. Use the measuring spoon or cup that came with the medication or use a spoon made especially for measuring medication.

If your symptoms do not get better within 7 days or if you have a fever, stop taking pseudoephedrine and call your doctor.

Swallow the extended-release tablets whole; do not break, crush, or chew them.


The road to recovery starts with rest. But a constant runny nose, congestion, sinus pain, and other cold symptoms can stop you from getting the rest you need. Advil Cold & Sinus Nighttime relieves your cold symptoms and discomfort by reducing the swelling in your nasal passages to help open your airways, so you can breathe easier and get the rest you need.

Uses: For effective relief of the symptoms of cold including: sinus pain; nasal congestion; headache; fever; minor body aches and pain; runny nose; sneezing.

Directions: Adults and children over 12 to 65 years: Take 1 or 2 Advil Cold & Sinus Nighttime caplets every 4 to 6 hours as needed. Do not exceed 6 Advil Cold & Sinus Nighttime caplets in 24 hours, unless directed by a doctor. Do not use longer than 3 days for a fever or 5 days for pain relief or cold symptoms.

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. This package contains enough medicine to seriously harm a child. Do not give to children under 12 unless directed by a doctor.

Warning: Do not take Advil Cold & Sinus Nighttime if taking acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) or other products containing ibuprofen, decongestants or antihistamines, or if allergic to ASA, salicylates or anti-inflammatory drugs, or any of the listed ingredients. Do not take if you have an ulcer; gastrointestinal disease; lupus; liver, thyroid or kidney problems; asthma; heart disease; before or after heart surgery; are very dehydrated; or are pregnant or nursing. Do not use with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) or for 14 days after stopping the MAOI drug. Talk to your doctor before taking if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, glaucoma, chronic breathing problems, haemophilia, or difficulty in urination due to an enlarged prostate. Use only as directed by a doctor if you take or have recently taken high blood pressure or depression medications, tranquilizers or sedating drugs. Talk to your doctor if the pain or fever persists for more than 5 days. Product may cause drowsiness. Avoid alcoholic beverages, driving a motor vehicle or operating machinery. Do not exceed the recommended dose unless advised by a doctor.

If abdominal pain, heartburn, nausea or vomiting, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, ringing or buzzing in the ears, nervousness, sleeplessness, dizziness, any change in vision, fluid retention, itching, skin rashes or any other side effect or unexplained symptom develops while taking Advil Cold & Sinus Nighttime, discontinue use immediately and contact a doctor. In case of overdose, call a poison control centre or a doctor at once even if there are no symptoms.


Active Ingredient(s) and Purpose: Ibuprofen 200 mg / Pseudoephedrine Hydrochloride 30 mg / Chlorpheniramine Maleate 2 mg; Analgesic / Decongestant / Antihistamine

Non-medicinal Ingredients: Carnauba wax, corn starch, croscarmellose sodium, FD&C red no. 40, FD and C yellow no. 6, glyceryl behenate, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, pharmaceutical ink, polydextrose, polyethylene glycol, pregelatinized starch, silicon dioxide, titanium dioxide.

Advil Cold and Sinus Caplets – 40 Caplets

Allergy alert: ibuprofen may cause a severe allergic reaction which may include: hives, facial swelling, asthma (wheezing), shock. Stomach bleeding warning: Taking more than recommended may cause stomach bleeding. Alcohol warning: If you consume 3 or more alcoholic drinks every day, ask your doctor whether you should take ibuprofen or other pain relievers/fever reducers. Ibuprofen may cause stomach bleeding. Do not use: if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any pain reliever/fever reducer; with any other pain reliever/fever reducer; if you are now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric or emotional conditions, or Parkinson’s disease), or for two weeks after stopping the MAOI drug. If you do not know if your prescription drug contains an MAOI, ask a doctor or pharmacist before taking this product. Ask a doctor before use if you have: heart disease; high blood pressure; thyroid disease; diabetes; kidney disease; ulcers; bleeding problems; trouble urinating due to an enlarged prostate gland; stomach problems that last or come back, such as heartburn, upset stomach, or pain; had problems or serious side effects from taking pain relievers or fever reducers. Ask a doctor or pharmacist before use if you are: under a doctor’s care for any continuing medical condition; over 65 years of age; taking any other product that contains ibuprofen or any other pain reliever/fever reducer; taking any other product that contains pseudoephedrine or any other nasal decongestant; taking a prescription drug for anticoagulation (blood thinning), or a diuretic; taking any other drug. When using this product: do not use more than directed; take with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. Stop use and ask a doctor if: an allergic reaction occurs. Seek medical help right away; you get nervous, dizzy, or sleepless; nasal congestion lasts for more than 7 days; fever lasts for more than 3 days; symptoms continue or get worse; any new symptoms appear; stomach pain occurs with use of this product or if even mild pain persists. If pregnant or breast-feeding, ask a health professional before use. It is especially important not to use this product during the last 3 months of pregnancy unless definitely directed to do so by a doctor because it may cause problems in the unborn child or complications during delivery. Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away.

90,000 Sinusitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis

The author of the article: Manevich Igor Semenovich, Otorhinolaryngologist of the highest category, member of the European Rhinologic Society

Sinusitis is a common disease among people, during which the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus is inflamed. It is also known medically as the maxillary.The maxillary sinuses include the paranasal paranasal sinuses, which themselves look like air cavities inside the human body. Without these cavities, the human body cannot function normally, since their main task is to equalize atmospheric and intracranial pressure, perform resonator functions, and condition the air. As a result, all the maxillary sinuses fall into the nasal cavity, enveloped in a mucus membrane that belongs to the bone skeleton. Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses leads to very serious consequences.That is why the treatment of acute sinusitis is extremely important.

Very often, sinusitis begins to develop after repeated prolonged runny nose or long-term cold, which for the first time was not completely cured without the supervision of a doctor. It is important to note that a runny nose and a cold are not the only factors that cause the disease to develop. Sinusitis can manifest itself due to neglected teeth, especially the upper ones, but about the main causes of the disease later. Constantly stuffy nose, mucus, pus, fever are clear signs of the disease, which you should not close your eyes to and you need to consult a doctor.

If you close your eyes to all the signs, then sinusitis from a mild stage can turn into purulent. Then a person can begin to suffer not only because of sinusitis, but also because of a number of other diseases. It is worth fearing acute sinusitis, because in the process of this disease, the thin mucous membrane begins to become very inflamed. As a result, it obscures the maxillary sinuses, which leads to complications.In addition to the sinus, in this case, nearby blood vessels also suffer.

People of completely different ages are exposed to sinusitis. In this case, the gender of the person is absolutely not important. If you refer to publicly available statistics, then most often because of sinusitis they begin to suffer in autumn and winter, sometimes an exacerbation can begin in early spring. Nowadays, the treatment of such sinusitis is possible, and very successful. It is important to see the right specialist.

Symptoms, signs of sinusitis

Symptoms and signs of sinusitis in a person can be different, but there are several general signs that are really worth paying attention to.So, a very common symptom of sinusitis, both in an adult and in a child, is severe pain in and around the nose, which becomes more and more every hour or day. It is important to note sinusitis causes symptoms more in the evening than in the morning, then a person begins a severe headache, which is complemented by discomfort in the nose. Doctors note that sometimes it occurs on only one side of the nose.

Another sign is the nasal voice of a sick person, occurs due to nasal congestion, breathing through the sinuses is difficult.Sometimes it is noted that at an early stage, the first sinus swells, then the second. A clear symptom of the development of the disease is the presence of a runny nose. If purulent, mucous discharge from the nose with sinusitis is observed, then you should pay attention to this. There are times when the nose is very stuffy, and yellow, green, transparent mucus is not secreted.

Very often, in the treatment of this sinusitis, there is an increased body temperature, which sometimes reaches 38 degrees and even higher. It is necessary to fight sinusitis, otherwise it can become chronic, and high body temperature will undermine the entire health of the body.In addition to everything, the patient may experience severe fatigue, weakness, he may have a lack of appetite. The presence of such a symptom as insomnia can also focus on problems with the nose. It is much more difficult to develop sinusitis in adults, this is especially noticeable with purulent sinusitis.

List of symptoms of sinusitis:

  • Mucous nasal discharge;
  • due to strong pressure in the sinus area, sinusitis appears;
  • insomnia;
  • 90,023 shortness of breath;

  • Constant fatigue;
  • by a very high temperature, sinusitis can be recognized;
  • there are such symptoms of sinusitis: chills, severe cough, malaise, pain in the entire head.

As for the temperature during sinusitis, the disease manifests itself in this way mainly at the initial stage. This is how the human body tries to respond to an infection that has entered it. Since there is a complete intoxication with other symptoms, if you do not start treating sinusitis. At different stages of sinusitis, there is not only nasal congestion, but also a frequently changing temperature. Violent fever is very common when the sinuses are blocked.If the disease has become chronic, then there may not be such a phenomenon as a high body temperature, because the problem lies in something else and everything manifests itself through other symptoms.

In general, there is a fairly large list of symptoms that the doctor must tell about if sinusitis is treated. It all depends on the person’s age, lifestyle, characteristics of the body, immunity and the parallel development of a number of other diseases. Therefore, a blocked nose for a long time is not a reason to think that sinusitis has begun, it all depends on the condition of the sinuses.

If the disease begins to actively progress, then doctors observe the following signs in patients:

  • complete or partial loss of smell;
  • runny nose that does not go away for weeks;
  • 90,023 eyes begin to constantly watery due to the fact that the nose is stuffy;

  • pain in the sinus region, which worsens towards the night;
  • profuse sweating;
  • 90,023 people stop breathing through their nose;

  • manifestation of an unpleasant odor in the sinuses.

Do you have sinusitis symptoms?

Only a doctor can accurately diagnose the disease.
Do not delay the consultation – call

+7 (495) 775-73-60

Diagnosis of sinusitis

According to the general signs that professional doctors identify, it is impossible to effectively determine sinusitis on their own, since to confirm all the guesses, a complete diagnosis is necessary. There are diagnostics for both adults and children. It is characterized and focused on the identification of serious diseases and the search for a successful method of treatment. To begin with, a rhinoscopy is performed at the medical center. Also, a specialist should take smears, take x-rays to understand how much the sinuses are affected. Only after the doctors of the clinic conduct a full examination, make a diagnosis, discuss the price and the method by which the sinusitis treatment will be carried out.

During the diagnosis, specialists first examine all possible visual factors associated with the disease.The face should be examined, as sinus problems can be displayed through the asymmetry of the cheeks. If the doctor notices that the eyeballs are slightly protruding, then this is the reason to continue the examination and begin effective treatment of sinusitis. If the doctor found that there is pain in the sinus area, there is a runny nose and sinusitis, the mobility of soft tissues is limited, then this is also a reason to think about treatment.

Another effective method is auscultatory diagnostics.The specialist listens to the nose for pus because it is a good conductor of sound. To do this, the doctor uses a special device – a tuning fork, it must be installed exactly in the middle of the crown or in the nasal sinuses. In addition, a phonendoscope is already installed in the maxillary sinuses, which just allows you to listen to everything.

The fact whether the treatment of sinusitis is necessary can also be determined by such a diagnosis as rhinoscopy. Using special optical aids, the doctor examines the nasal cavities.It is worth noting that this method is considered by many to be one of the most accurate. But the classic method of examination in a hospital, one of the most effective, is x-ray. This is a reliable method, after which, most often, a doctor makes a diagnosis and selects a way to quickly cure sinusitis. Thus, the doctor, using an X-ray, finds areas of darkening of the maxillary sinuses.

If the patient has a persistent runny nose, then a contrast study can also be used as a diagnosis, which is very effective during purulent sinusitis. A person suffering from possible sinusitis is sometimes referred for electro-radiography, which is considered one of the most modern and innovative methods for making an accurate diagnosis and prescribing treatment for adult sinusitis.

It is important to note that any presence of sinus discomfort should be alarming, because sometimes everything proceeds imperceptibly, when sinusitis begins and there is a late admission to the hospital, treatment methods do not help. It is better to immediately take tests, check for complications with purulent sinusitis and try to heal.Moreover, the cost of treating sinusitis is very high for residents of Moscow and the whole country. Of course, it is better not to know what it is – acute sinusitis, than its symptoms are characterized. Therefore, the clinic offers effective treatment and advises you to check again for sinus problems.

Causes of sinusitis

In most cases, the main cause of a blocked sinus is an infection that can enter the sinus cavity through blood or even normal breathing. Basically, nasal breathing can be disturbed due to the fact that a person’s nasal septum was twisted or he suffered from rhinitis, when it comes to children, such reasons as adenoids or an allergic reaction are distinguished. Even due to low immunity, a disease may well begin, followed by a long treatment of sinusitis.

Professionals identify reasons of a different nature, since any part of the body can suffer. There may also be the occurrence of sinusitis due to staphylococcus, which actually lives in the human nose for a very long period of time and does not make itself felt in any way.Without a special examination, a person will not even guess that he carries a bacterium in himself every day. But if the bacterium manifests its activity, then purulent sinusitis may begin in the sinus, which, with an ordinary rhinitis, does not manifest itself in any way.

The reasons why the disease develops:

  • sinus mucosa was injured in any way;
  • bacteria have settled in the nasopharynx or viruses got in the runny nose and purulent discharge began;
  • first aid was not provided for sinusitis at an early stage;
  • rhinitis was not completely cured;
  • a cold illness was started and proceeded without a doctor’s supervision;
  • with sinusitis, a second cold may begin;
  • for the treatment of sinusitis, eyes were closed for a long time;
  • the patient was often in a draft;
  • oral hygiene was not observed;
  • the mucous membrane suffered from an aggressive environment;
  • 90,023 the patient has recently had a cold or flu;

  • the body is severely hypothermic;
  • previously were dangerous diseases that became the reason to start treatment of sinusitis.

Sinusitis treatment

Cure sinusitis allows innovative solutions and approaches to treatment. It is enough to undergo one high-quality effective course of treatment to forget about the problem for many years or even forever. The hospital offers professional treatment for adults, treatment of various sinusitis.

Only a doctor can tell about how to treat the disease in detail and individually during a personal appointment, therefore, the treatment of sinusitis is selected for each patient. The treatment of sinusitis should be taken seriously by both the doctor and the patient. In the modern world, different principles of treatment are recommended and used, it is important to find the root cause of all problems and check it.

The main goal that any doctor sets himself when treating sinusitis symptoms is to relieve swelling. There are many ways to treat adult sinusitis, but the first thing every specialist does is to remove mucus located in the sinus. This method is considered to be very effective. It makes it possible to act further. First of all, it is necessary by all effective attempts to destroy the bacterium or infection, due to which, in principle, the treatment of sinusitis began.

Antibiotic therapy is very often used, which destroys all viruses, and in order to relieve swelling, special vasoconstrictor drugs are effective.Sometimes doctors decide to flush the nasal passages so that the treatment of sinusitis progresses faster. Such measures are also quite effective. In this case, doctors recommend using saline solutions, antiseptics. An important part of the treatment of any sinusitis is getting rid of pus, after which the patient must attend physiotherapy procedures for full recovery.

If all attempts in the treatment of sinusitis are in vain, then the clinic has the right to carry out surgical intervention on the basis of its indications. This method will definitely help to get rid of the disease forever, but only if the patient has no contraindications and the treatment of sinusitis is agreed with all specialists.

Sinusitis classification

There are various types and stages of sinusitis that people do not even suspect about when they suffer from a runny nose, because during the illness the nose is clogged.All doctors talk about monotonous, chronic, allergic, polypous, purulent, bilateral, acute and catarrhal sinusitis. In all these cases, with the help of a certain suitable method, the attending physician diagnoses the type of sinusitis that must be dealt with. Most often, doctors diagnose purulent, acute, bilateral sinusitis.

Doctors treating this disease

Many people who do not understand the intricacies of the disease, but, unfortunately, must undergo urgent treatment for sinusitis, know which doctor is treating this ailment.If we talk in more detail about the doctors who work in the clinic, then the ENT is directly involved in the treatment of sinusitis. He specializes in the study and treatment of not only the nose, but also the ears, throat, as well as the prevention of all possible pathologies in this area. A whole science is devoted to the study and treatment of sinusitis – otolaryngology, which is of great importance in the treatment of patients.

An ENT doctor has several specializations, since he must be able to carry out outpatient diagnostics, treat acute and chronic rhinitis, give a professional indication, etc.e. In the modern world, ENT uses both proven traditional methods of drug and surgical treatment of sinusitis, and the latest developments. ENT treats nasal cavities using high technology, so he can be trusted with his own health. A complete list of doctors and the cost of their services can be found in the department of one of the clinics, since each specialist has his own prices, depending on the stage of the disease and the method of its treatment.


At first, sinusitis can be prevented if you adhere to some rules and methods of treatment:

  • it is necessary to strengthen the immune system in the cold season and in early spring;
  • any cold must be properly treated in a timely manner;
  • it is best to get rid of contact with allergens or minimize them;
  • it is necessary to monitor the condition of the teeth, since very often they become the cause of sinusitis;
  • self-medication is strictly prohibited, you need to immediately contact a doctor, especially since the prices for treatment are reasonable.


At any stage of sinusitis, the following actions are contraindicated:

  • you cannot try to cure an ailment on your own without a doctor’s prescription, based on information from the Internet, the patient will never be able to diagnose himself on his own;
  • if the doctor wrote out and said certain instructions for additional procedures, physiotherapy, intake and dosage of drugs, then they must be followed unquestioningly.Otherwise, it will lead to the fact that the disease will return with renewed vigor and hit the body;
  • while undergoing treatment in the clinic, it is not recommended to try to improve the result using something from traditional medicine, since some medicines and some herbs together can give a negative result, which will only aggravate the treatment;
  • during the treatment of sinusitis, one should not be in the cold for a long time and it is best to try to avoid drafts;
  • in order not to accidentally pick up new viruses and bacteria, during illness it is best to be at home and avoid contact with a large number of people;
  • it is best to devote 2-3 weeks to treatment and full recovery, so as not to end up with chronic inflammation of the nose.

Cost of initial admission, research, treatment

To get rid of sinusitis forever, and not just cure it for a while, you need to make an appointment with the clinic for an initial appointment. There, a professional ENT will listen to all the complaints of a potential future patient, analyzing all aspects and studying the primary symptoms, the doctor will have to carry out a small diagnosis.So already in the first session, he will be able to identify whether a person really suffers from sinusitis or all these are false symptoms and the problem is completely different. The price of the initial appointment is low. You can get acquainted with it in the full list of prices for the clinic’s services. If sinusitis was identified, the diagnosis and all analyzes confirmed this, then in the future all aspects of treatment are discussed with the patient, starting with the list of studies that are recommended to be completed and ending with determining the method of treating the disease. It is impossible to recover in one day, because this requires an integrated approach in order to individually select a method, drugs to which there is no allergic reaction, procedures and a recovery plan.

Benefits of treatment in the clinic of JSC “Medicine”

JSC “Medicine” (Clinic of Academician Roitberg) is a professional private clinic, which is deservedly considered one of the best medical centers. The clinic finds new approaches to treatment every year.The quality of examinations and treatment is in line with medical standards. In addition, a great advantage of the clinic is that each patient will have their own personal curator who will monitor all treatment and coordinate each decision with specialized specialists. So that there are no questions or problems, the clinic keeps a record of the entire medical history of each client, so any of them can personally track the progress of treatment. The clinic of Medicina JSC guarantees the absence of queues, a pleasant atmosphere and a very high level of service.

90,000 ENT told how to distinguish loss of smell in coronavirus from sinusitis symptoms

Photo: depositphotos / alexraths

Otolaryngologist Alexei Koshelev, in an interview with Moscow 24, said that the symptoms of coronavirus and sinusitis can really be confused. However, it is almost impossible to distinguish one disease from another on your own.

“The most striking feature of sinusitis, in addition to loss of smell, is a purulent flow from the nose, discharge of green or yellow color, especially if it lasts more than a week.This allows us to indirectly suspect that the paranasal sinuses are involved in the process of inflammation, “Koshelev said.

However, he added that it is impossible to diagnose sinusitis at home. The disease is diagnosed only with the help of a paranasal sinus image. does not exclude the presence of coronavirus.

Sinusitis is usually a complication due to acute respiratory infections, including the coronavirus.First, it is impossible to distinguish one infection from another without the help of doctors.Secondly, I now have patients with confirmed COVID-19 who have developed sinusitis as a complication.

Alexey Koshelev


In general, the doctor advises not to think about the disease due to which the sense of smell has disappeared. Koshelev insists that if any ARVI symptoms appear, including a runny nose, purulent nasal discharge, loss of the ability to perceive odors, first of all, it is necessary to pass a coronavirus test in order to exclude a dangerous and highly contagious disease.

“If you look for the root cause on your own, it may drag on for a while, the infection will spread among other people and doctors, from whom you will look for an answer. And this is simply unacceptable in modern realities,” Koshelev concluded.

Earlier, the head of the neurological department of the hospital No. 52, neurologist Vera Pshenichnikova said that the inability to smell smells speaks not only of coronavirus infection. According to her, this symptom can appear due to swelling of the mucous membranes or occur in patients with brain tumors.Also, loss of smell in some cases is a symptom of Parkinson’s disease at an early stage.

In addition, otolaryngologist Abdullo Khodjaev told how to restore the sense of smell after coronavirus. In particular, he advised the use of vasoconstrictor drugs and regular irrigation of the nasal cavity. In general, the recovery of the body after COVID-19, transferred in a mild form, will take up to a month, in a severe one – up to six months.

A Muscovite told how she is being treated for COVID-19

Read also

90,000 Sinusitis: how to be treated so that it does not get worse | SITUATION | HEALTH

A runny nose seems to most of us to be an everyday trifle that is not worth attention.But in vain. So it is close to sinusitis. Have they let themselves go and sinusitis? The case may end in meningitis.

How to protect yourself from the formidable complications caused by a banal rhinitis? We asked about this , the head of the ENT department of the Perm regional hospital, Sergei Grigorievich OSTANIN .

– Sinusitis is sometimes called sinusitis. Does the same disease have two names?

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (or sinuses) – air cavities that lie in the thickness of the bones of the skull around the nose.In total, a person has seven such sinuses. Most often, the maxillary, or maxillary, sinuses are affected – their inflammation is called sinusitis. So sinusitis is a type of sinusitis .


– How does sinusitis begin?

– As a rule, any damage to the paranasal sinuses is a consequence of a banal rhinitis. The man blew his nose incorrectly. As a result, mucus flew into the ear – here you have otitis media, got into the maxillary sinus – sinusitis began.There may be anatomical reasons that prevent the sinus from draining normally: curvature of the nasal septum, congenital structural features. If air exchange is impaired in the sinus, stagnation occurs, a mucous secret accumulates, a secondary flora joins – inflammation occurs. Meanwhile, in our time, a variety of drugs are readily available that allow you to cure the root cause – a runny nose – in five to seven days. If left untreated, it becomes a chronic problem and causes a lot of trouble.

– If a runny nose does not go away after treatment, how long does it take to sound the alarm?

– When there is no improvement after five to seven days of ARVI, you need to contact an ENT doctor. Do not hesitate in the presence of high fever, purulent nasal discharge, headache (usually in the forehead), swelling of the lower eyelid, swelling in the cheeks.


– Is it possible to do with sinusitis without puncture (puncture)?

– If an acute purulent process has developed and the doctor suggests doing a puncture of the maxillary sinus, there is no point in refusing.There is an opinion among patients that it is worth piercing the sinus once – and the process will become chronic. This is not true. A puncture performed on time will in no way lead to further repeated punctures. There are many entrance holes in the sinus, and the hole that is obtained during the puncture is not at all larger than the natural entrance hole. Moreover, on the third or fifth day, it overgrows. But a puncture that is not performed on time will indeed lead to a chronic process, and then punctures will have to be done very often.

Puncture is done in order to pump out pus from the sinus, rinse it, inject antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs there.

– How good are folk remedies for treating sinusitis?

– I don’t know what sage came up with to roll boiled eggs in the face. It is extremely dangerous to warm a stuffy nose. A thermostat is already formed there, microbes multiply at a breakneck speed. If you add thermal procedures, a dangerous complication can occur within a few hours.No baths! No instillation of Kalanchoe juice! The less chemical invasion of the nasal mucosa, the better. You can warm your feet in mustard, but be sure to drop a vasoconstrictor so that your nose can breathe well.

Complications of sinusitis can be very formidable. The upper wall of the maxillary sinus and the wall of the orbit are one and the same formation. But there are blood vessels, the infection spreads rapidly … Necrotic processes often occur due to the fact that a stuffy nose has not been treated.


– Is it true that one of the best doctors curing sinusitis is the sea?

– Being at sea will certainly contribute to your recovery. But I would not advise you to abuse the heat. The climate cannot be drastically changed. People return after New Year’s tours from hot countries and come straight to us. It is not surprising: a sharp acclimatization strains all the forces of the body, cripples the immune system.

In fact, our body is amazingly smart.There is a very effective self-defense system. The ciliated epithelium of the nose fluctuates in a very coordinated manner at such a rate that does not allow settled microbes to invade our body. Like a carpet, gel and sol creep on vibrating cilia – a very fragile, but very strong system is obtained, practically impervious to any kind of microbes. The main task of prevention is to maintain the physiological condition of the nose. At least not interfere with the work of the body’s defenses.


Acute sinusitis develops in stages.A relatively mild form (catarrhal) begins with characteristic pain in the paranasal (maxillary) sinuses, pain above the eyes and the bridge of the nose. The nose is stuffy, you feel unwell and heaviness in the head, the temperature is slightly increased. The face becomes swollen, watery eyes may appear. If you do not start treatment, then catarrhal sinusitis can turn into purulent, and this is already more serious. The temperature rises, the headache intensifies, purulent discharge from the nose appears.


1) when blowing your nose, each half of the nose should be freed separately, closing the other nostril so that mucus never gets from the nose into the auditory tube or middle ear;

2) you need to bury it in the nose while sitting or lying on your back, throwing your head back a little and turning it in the direction from which the drops are instilled.In this position, the medicine enters the middle nasal passage, which contributes to a better outflow of the contents from the maxillary sinus. If this simple rule is not followed, the drops will immediately fall into the nasopharynx, the treatment will be reduced to zero.

See also:

90,000 Sinusitis: Symptoms and Treatment – MEDFAMILY

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. Then severe headaches begin, the temperature rises, the nose swells from a prolonged runny nose, the patient weakens. He urgently needs to go to an appointment with an otolaryngologist.

Causes of the disease

Due to hypothermia, the immune cells of the nasal mucosa are weakened and cannot resist infection. It enters the body through breathing. Therefore, purulent inflammation begins in the nasal cavity, and then in the pubic and maxillary sinuses.

The cause of sinusitis can be a curved internal cartilaginous nasal septum. 10% of people have such a nuisance. The curvature makes breathing difficult and increases inflammation.
To correct the nasal septum, the surgeon inserts a catheter through the nasal strips into the diseased sinuses. Through the catheter, the doctor rinses the purulent foci with antibiotics and removes the liquid with an electric pump. After this procedure, the cartilaginous septum of the nose is corrected with a scalpel. The patient recovers completely.
The cause of the disease is also polyps in the nasal cavity, caries and infectious diseases in the oral cavity.

Three dangerous myths about sinusitis

  1. Many people think that hot compresses and warming should be done to treat sinusitis.However, doctors advise against doing these procedures. With tissue inflammation, warming up is prohibited. Because it spreads the infection.
  2. Without a doctor, sinusitis can be cured at home. In no case. The patient needs to urgently run to the doctor if the runny nose lasts about a week and the head hurts. With sinusitis, pus accumulates in the sinuses. Only an otolaryngologist can handle it.
  3. For treatment, it is enough to drink the strongest antibiotic.Of course, antibiotics help the treatment. However, they only muffle the disease. If the causes of the disease are not eliminated, sinusitis will return again.

Treatment should be started as early as possible. Otherwise, the disease will spread to nearby organs, such as the ears.

Classification of sinusitis

  1. Arterial. It is caused by a complication of the common cold. Then the microbes multiply rapidly.
  2. Viral. It happens with low immunity, when viruses enter the body.
  3. Allergic. The cause is rhinitis and nasal breathing difficulties.
  4. Fungal. Appears after prolonged use of antibiotics.
  5. Traumatic. Caused by facial trauma. Hematomas appear in the nasal cavity, which interfere with the movement of air.


In the beginning, the disease can be treated at home.

  1. To reduce swelling and remove pus, it is useful to rinse the nasal cavity. A large syringe is filled with a healing solution and poured into the upper part of the nostril. The solutions are best purchased at the pharmacy, but can be prepared at home. Then you have to stir 2 tablets of furacilin in a glass of drinking water at room temperature.
  2. For rinsing, you can use sea salt by dissolving a spoon in 1 liter of warm water.
  3. For rinsing the nasal cavity, it is useful to use a decoction of bay leaf , St. John’s wort, calendula, chamomile.
  4. Propolis. To prepare the solution, you need 25 drops of alcohol tincture and stir a whisper of salt in a glass of drinking water.

Rinsing is required often, every 3-4 hours.


Compresses after rinsing help to reduce swelling and reduce inflammation. Compresses should not keep warm.

  1. It is necessary to mix crushed propolis with honey and mold a cake.Apply it on the bridge of the nose for 4 hours.

  2. Crumple the cabbage leaf slightly until juice appears and brush with honey. Then apply on the bridge of the nose for 1 hour.


  1. The drug “Dekasan” is poured into the nebulizer.

  2. It is also beneficial to breathe, covered with a wide towel, over the steam of hot potatoes.
  3. The propolis steam also helps (dissolve 1 small spoon in 1 liter of hot water).

Nose drops

Nasal instillation is combined with antibiotic treatment. Drops relieve swelling and reduce mucus production. These are drugs: “Sanorin”, “Naphtizin”, “Nazivin”.


To prepare the products, you will have to take equally chopped baby ones

soap, honey, vegetable oil, milk and add a little onion. Then add a spoonful of alcohol. Mix the ingredients and heat in a water bath. A cotton swab is soaked in the resulting mixture and placed in the nostril for 1/3 hour.Store the prepared ointment in the refrigerator.

Self-medication is dangerous to health – be sure to go to the doctor for a consultation!

How to quickly cure a cold at home

Cold is not a scientific term. This is the name of a condition in which the body temperature rises, a cough and a runny nose appear, and a strong weakness is felt. The common cold is not seasonal: it happens not only in the cold season, but also in the hot summer.It is possible to catch a cold by being caught in a summer rainstorm, being under the air conditioner for too long, or simply not dressing for the weather. However, in the cold season and off-season, people get sick more often.

As a rule, a cold is not life-threatening, but it disrupts the usual rhythm, unsettles. Therefore, it is so important to know how to quickly cure a cold at home.

Causes and symptoms of the common cold

Since “cold” is not a term, doctors use the diagnosis of acute respiratory infections in medical documents, that is, acute respiratory disease, or ARVI, an acute respiratory viral infection.ARI refers to diseases of the upper respiratory tract caused by an unknown pathogen. If there are signs of a viral lesion, a diagnosis of ARVI is used.

90% of cases of colds are caused by viruses, which are especially active in the off-season with windy, damp weather, and cold air. At this time, hypothermia, wet feet often occurs. In addition, the rapid spread

viruses are promoted by long-term stay in an enclosed space with poor ventilation and a large number of people with colds (at school, office, on public transport).If we talk about children, they often “bring illness” from school or kindergarten, where there are many adults and children with colds. The peak incidence in children occurs between October and April.

Symptoms of colds are familiar to everyone: a person feels general malaise, fatigue, he has a headache, body temperature rises, signs of damage to the respiratory system appear: runny nose, cough, sore throat, pain when swallowing, hoarse voice.

In the absence of proper treatment, viral and bacterial infections cause more severe tissue inflammation, which is often accompanied by suppuration, complications such as sinusitis, otitis media, tonsillitis.However, even if the respiratory infection is caused by viruses, they are hospitalized only in cases of a very severe course of the disease. As a rule, you can defeat a cold at home, regardless of nature. But the doctor should still prescribe treatment.

What to do if the temperature rises with a cold?

In the first 2-3 days of illness, fever may develop. An increase in temperature to 37.5-39 degrees is a protective reaction of the body to the ingress of viruses or bacteria.That is why doctors do not advise drinking antipyretic drugs if the temperature has not exceeded 38.5 ° C and the person tolerates a fever well. It is important to allow the body to defeat the infectious agent on its own.

How to effectively deal with colds?

If it was not possible to protect yourself from a cold and you still get sick, you need to take action. According to the clinical guidelines of 2018, the treatment of acute respiratory infections is symptomatic. Therefore, the answer to the question of how to quickly cure a cold at home is to stay in bed, take remedies to relieve symptoms.

It is not worth prescribing medication for yourself, especially when it comes to antibiotics: only a doctor can prescribe them. Irrational intake of medicines often not only worsens the condition, but can also cause complications.

How to cure a cold at home without unnecessary drugs and harm to health? Inexpensive remedies with proven effectiveness will help, which will alleviate the condition with a cold and prevent its reoccurrence. These products include preparations of the Dyshi ® line.

Need to drink more!

Drinking plenty of warm drinks as a way to defeat or at least relieve colds has been known for a long time. And today this recommendation is mandatory. A warm drink washes away pathogens from the mucous throat, helps the body cope with intoxication, and prevents dehydration (when a person sweats at elevated temperatures). All this contributes to recovery.

What should you drink for a cold? Experts advise warm water, you can drink natural fruit drinks and compotes.If you do not have the strength or ability to prepare fruit drinks or compote, use Dyshi ® drinks based on natural ingredients.
It is enough to pour the contents of the sachet into a mug of warm water, stir – and the healthy drink is ready.

For adults, the drink Dyshi ® with propolis is suitable (see product information here).

The Dyshi ® drink with linden is intended for children (you can learn more about it here).

Please note that you need to drink often, preferably every 2-3 hours.

Fight dry and wet cough

The cough must be treated with the drugs prescribed by the doctor. To alleviate the condition, use the Breathable ® warming gel for children (detailed information is presented here). It contains ingredients with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Rubbing the back or chest with the gel improves blood circulation in the respiratory system, which helps to reduce edema and improve mucus discharge.

We save the nose from congestion

It is also better to entrust the treatment of a cold to a doctor: you may need vasoconstrictor or antibacterial drops.To alleviate the condition before consulting a doctor, the medical inhaler patch Dyshi ® will help, which contains essential oils with antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties (you can learn more about the product here). Using the inhaler patch is very simple: you need to remove the protective sticker and stick the patch on the clothes in the chest area. Choose a place closer to the face – this will allow the patient to inhale the vapors of essential oils. The patch lasts up to 8 hours, which makes it the optimal solution at night: it makes breathing easier, which means it improves the quality of sleep.One package contains 5 or 10 plasters – this is enough to eliminate congestion and runny nose.

One of the consequences of a lingering rhinitis is reddened, inflamed, itchy skin around the nose. Breathe ® gel for the skin around the nose will help to get rid of discomfort (information about it is contained here). The extract of linden, violets and chamomile flowers, vitamin E and D-panthenol included in its composition heal damaged skin, soothe and soften it.

Throat, no pain!

For a sore throat, rinsing with herbal infusions or pharmacy solutions are effective.You can add Dyshi ® lozenges with honey and raspberries for adults (you can learn more about them here). They promote the healing of the pharyngeal mucosa, eliminate discomfort and perspiration, moisturize the mucous membranes. Lozenges contain natural ingredients and have a mild, pleasant taste.

Dyshi ® pastilles with honey and chamomile are intended for children (detailed information can be found here).

In conclusion – about prevention

Many people focus on how to cure a cold at home, but at the same time forget about the measures necessary to protect others from infection.It is advisable for a sick person to wear a mask outside the home. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when sneezing or coughing. You also need to wash your hands often (not only after the street and toilet, but also after cleansing your nose). Handkerchiefs should be chosen for disposable paper.

To protect loved ones who live with you in the same house, use separate dishes and a towel. Ventilate the room regularly, carry out wet cleaning. Breathing Oil ® is suitable for air disinfection. A couple of drops can be applied to napkins and placed throughout the home, or oil can be dripped onto clothes.For air disinfection, it is convenient to use the Breath Oil ® spray: it is sprayed indoors or applied to curtains (see product information here).

Means of the Breathe ® series are effective for the prevention of colds in the off-season and cold seasons. For example, if you get your feet wet, rub your feet with Breathable ® Warming Gel. And if a coworker is sick in your office, do not forget to apply Breathing Oil ® to a napkin and place it next to you.This will help protect yourself from ARI and ARVI.


Share this article:

How to recover from sinusitis – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

There is heaviness and pain in the head. The nose is not breathing. High temperature. Weakness. Isn’t it a cold? Isn’t it the flu? But this is not the flu or the common cold.

Sometimes therapists refer such patients for consultation to an otorhinolaryngologist – if they notice puffiness of the face, soreness, tearing of the eyes.It turns out sinusitis. Its similarity with colds is not in essence, but in form. In the state of health with sinusitis, there are nuances inherent only to him.

Highmore flour

“Universal”, but not obligatory beginning of sinusitis – toothache. Other symptoms: a feeling of heaviness, pressure, tension in the sinuses, cheekbones, temples. The gradual spread of this feeling to the face (more often to half of the face) and to the entire head. The intensity of sensations usually increases in the evening.It can change with a change in the position of the head: if you tilt it forward, the pain becomes stronger.

A mandatory sign of sinusitis is nasal discharge. They may not start right away. First, one nostril or both stops breathing, but alternately. The congestion turns into a severe runny nose – often one-sided. It can be filled with pus, with an unpleasant odor.

The sense of smell is reduced. Tears are flowing. Bright light is unpleasant. Sometimes one of the cheeks turns red or swells, as well as the lower eyelid. In some cases, the sensitivity of any part of the face sharply sharpens.

Royale in bones

What is behind such poor health? It’s all about the sinuses. In addition to the passages, our nose also has the so-called paranasal sinuses – similar to “caves” in the bones of the skull. Actually, the nature of them “hollowed out” for resonance. The sinuses serve as resonators for the voice, much like the body of a violin, grand piano, or street organ serves as a resonator for sound.

There are four pairs of sinuses in total. They are grouped around the nasal passages, much like rooms around a long corridor of a large communal apartment.The “entrances and exits” of these “rooms” are tiny, two to three millimeters in diameter, anastomosis. They “fall” into the nasal passages. It is through them that air enters the sinuses, mucus is removed. But it happens that these fistulas lose their patency. Then the trouble begins.

Sinusitis is a nuisance in the largest sinus, maxillary sinus. This sinus is hidden in the bones of the facial part of the skull, in the immediate vicinity of the upper jaw.

Teeth as a cause

How many people, there may be so many nuances in the structure of the maxillary sinus.She can, for example, go to the postorbital area. For us, it is essential that the roots of the teeth of the upper jaw can adjoin the sinus.

– The roots can even enter the sinus, – explains the dental surgeon Janis Tsikarlis. – When such a tooth is removed, the sinus becomes “full of holes”. And this is a direct path for infectious agents. That is, a direct path to sinusitis. Therefore, when removing such teeth, surgeons must suture such holes. Although with a similar arrangement of the maxillary sinuses, any disorder with the teeth (inflammation, cyst) can lead to sinusitis.

So take care of your teeth. There are no scheduled medical examinations now, but try, find time at least once every six months to go for a routine examination to the dentist.

authoritative opinion

Warm or pierce?

Magomet Magomedov,

Professor of the Department of Ear, Throat and Nose Diseases, Russian State Medical University:

Sinusitis usually develops against the background of frequent prolonged rhinitis.

They torment mainly those who have a curved nasal septum, there are other anatomical “irregularities” in the nasal cavity or a tendency to allergic reactions. In combination with reduced immunity, a “runny nose” to hypothermia, drafts, a sharp change in weather or climate is provided. And with a runny nose, the nasal mucosa becomes inflamed and swollen.

The edema narrows and for some time closes the fistula connecting the maxillary sinus with the nasal cavity (there are three of them). The mucus in the sinus is trapped, bacteria are actively multiplying.This is the beginning of sinusitis.

It is necessary to start treatment as soon as a runny nose becomes noticeable. A popular and proven method is nasal instillation of vasoconstrictors. Normally, they should restore nasal breathing in two to three days. If not restored, you need to find out why. And immediately. After all, if the cause of trouble is a locked sinus, inflammation is probably already growing in it. Let it go, it can develop into suppuration. And since the time of Hippocrates it has been known: where there is pus, there is a cut.That is, pus, since it has appeared, must be removed physically.

Puncture. A long-standing and proven method to remove pus from the sinuses and deliver the medicine there is a puncture (puncture). There is an opinion: once “pierced” – so all your life and you will evacuate pus with syringes. But this opinion exists among patients, not doctors.

Alternative to puncture. The method has alternatives, in particular various suction devices. They, like a syringe, allow you to remove pus and inject drugs into the cavity.But these methods, like puncture, have pluses and minuses. And what is good for one patient is not at all suitable for another.

The strongest alternative to puncture is broad-spectrum antibiotics. They are, of course, prescribed by a doctor. So if you have a runny nose, do not pull a visit to him.

Radical intervention is an effective way to end sinusitis once and for all. The word “radical” usually suggests surgery. But today’s surgery in this area (as in many) is sparing.

If you do not pay attention to a runny nose. The maxillary sinus is adjacent to the upper jaw, brain and eyes. It is separated from the orbit by a thin (thinner than a millimeter) bony wall. Untreated or improperly treated sinus inflammation can spread to your neighbors.


By own forces

How to prevent the development of sinusitis if you are away from doctors? There are some simple recipes.

Onion with butter

Grind onions into gruel. Mix in equal parts with vegetable oil. Wrap the mixture in two small gauze turundas and place in the nasal passages for 4 hours.

Start treatment at the first sign of a cold, carry out every night for a week.

Horseradish with lemon

Mix a third of a glass of freshly grated horseradish with the juice of two or three lemons. Take half a teaspoon 20 to 25 minutes after breakfast for three months.Treatment should be carried out in spring and autumn, without waiting for an exacerbation.


Chew pieces of honeycomb for 15 minutes. Repeat the “meal” 5 – 6 times a day.

Hands treat

For two to three minutes, tap on your own bridge of the nose with the big phalanx of the thumb. Start manipulating at the first signs of illness. Repeat every half hour.

The duration of the “treatment” is five to seven days.

Jacket potatoes

Boil potatoes in their skins, drain the water.Breathe in the steam of cooling potatoes. The effectiveness of the procedure will be higher if you put a terry towel over your head so that it does not let the steam go past your face.

Warming up

Independent warming up and inhalations are good only for those who have never been diagnosed with sinusitis and do not have the slightest suspicion of it.

In this case, they can be used in parallel with vasoconstrictor agents in the very first days of the development of the common cold. For patients with sinusitis, warming can also be useful, but if there is confidence that the sinus is not locked and purulent inflammation does not grow in it.And only a doctor can judge this – after the examination.


Pour half a teaspoon of propolis alcohol into boiling water. Inhale the steam, wrapped up beforehand.

Chicken eggs

Hard boil two chicken eggs. Wrap each in a napkin and attach to the area of ​​the maxillary sinuses. Keep to cool completely.

This treatment should be done before bedtime.

Why nasal preparations are dangerous and what German doctors advise | Culture and Lifestyle in Germany and Europe | DW

When a stuffy nose is caused by a cold, many immediately go to the pharmacy for nasal drops or spray.Preparations for the common cold eliminate swelling: breathing is restored, the sinuses are freed from secretions. Such quick and effective help does not cause complaints from medical specialists as long as the patient does not abuse nasal drugs. Because some sprays and drops can cause side effects. For example, addiction. “But, of course, these are not psychotropic drugs that cause addiction,” reassures physician Thomas Deitmer of the German Society of Otolaryngology.

Most nasal drops and sprays contain xylometazoline or oxymetazoline. They belong to the so-called sympathomimetic drugs, which cause narrowing of the blood vessels. If such drugs are used too often and for a long time, the mucous membrane will get used to the dose and begin to demand the beneficial drug even more and more often. A vicious circle arises: the more often we use the nasal agent, the faster its vasoconstrictor effect decreases and the sooner we need a new dose.And at some point, the opposite effect occurs: the swelling does not disappear, and a feeling of constant dryness or burning appears in the nasopharynx. A runny nose can become chronic.

Drops and Sprays: Habit or Addiction?

The lines between habit and addiction are often blurred, says Heino Stöver of the Institute for Addiction Research in Frankfurt: “Nasal sprays have a pleasant effect that is certainly easy to get used to.” Now the 64-year-old sociologist himself, in his youth, as he says, abused nasal medications: “Two or three times a day for about two years.The result was a dry nasal mucosa, which has not disappeared until now. “

Heino Stover did not yet know about the side effects of nasal drugs at that time. Today we know that using them for more than two weeks is fraught with long-lasting negative consequences.” However, in the ranking of addictive substances, I would place them at the very bottom, “says the expert. The drug itself does not yet form addiction. But the constant use of nasal sprays should be alarming, warns Heino Stover.”These drugs do not have psychotropic effects, such as cocaine, cannabis or alcohol. Over time, the effect of their use diminishes,” explains otolaryngologist Thomas Daytmer. , and, for example, eight “.

Employees of German pharmacies always warn buyers of nasal drugs about side effects and recommend not using them for more than one week.

The effect of a nasal drug gradually decreases until it stops working at all.Dryness appears in the nose, and the mucous membranes can no longer fulfill their protective function. In order for them to protect us from germs, moisture is needed. Dry nasal cavities can no longer moisturize, warm, and purify the air we breathe. “A crust appears in the nose, in which bacteria multiply,” explains Thomas Daytmer. The bad smell from the nose, explains the doctor Thomas Daitmer, is caused by bacteria.And here nasal drugs for a runny nose and nasal congestion will not help, because they are not a solution, but a reason.

Nasal preparations: from addiction to withdrawal

“When you are not feeling very well, you quickly notice how important this drug has become in your life, how difficult it is to do without a nasal spray,” says sociologist Stover. And yet you can refuse it. One strategy for breaking a dangerous habit is to knowingly use less nasal medications.You can keep a diary and record the time of taking the next dose and your observations of your well-being, and then trace whether there were any signs of the disease or you took the drug out of habit, explains Heino Stover. In hospitals, this habit is not cured. Everyone has to deal with it himself.

Sea salt, that is, preparations containing it, can help to wean oneself from nasal preparations. If you experience symptoms of a nasal congestion or dryness, it is recommended to see a doctor. Because dry mucous membranes can signal serious diseases.”We need to try to figure out why the patient has a stuffy nose. He may have polyps that can be removed surgically,” explains otolaryngologist Daytmer. In this case, you need to take a test. Another possible cause of persistent nasal congestion is a deviated nasal septum. Doctors can straighten it surgically. Tumors in the nose are also possible, but this is extremely rare, notes Thomas Daytmer.

Living with a permanently stuffy nose is extremely unpleasant.”The mouth is dry, snoring at night and restless sleep,” the doctor lists the symptoms. However, overuse of nasal medications is not the answer. Paracelsus knew already 500 years ago that everything is poison and everything is a medicine, both are determined by the dose.

See also:

  • How to resist colds

    Hat, scarf and warm socks

    And although there is no one hundred percent guarantee of “flu resistance”, there are some useful tips that have proven themselves in practice, still exist.Let’s start with the essentials, suggests Angelika Rieger, a physician from Ratingen, in an interview with DW. In the cold period of the year, the head and legs must be kept warm, and dress according to the “onion” principle, removing warmer clothes if necessary.

  • How to resist colds

    Keep your distance

    During the next epidemic of influenza and colds, you should, if possible, avoid crowds of people (large events, crowded public transport), as well as close contact with carriers of the infection.Oddly enough it may seem to others, but it is better to greet each other during this period without shaking hands, the doctor insists.

  • How to resist colds

    Ventilate the room more often

    To help the body cope with viral attacks, it is important to ventilate the room from time to time. Optimum humidity (35 to 55%) can be achieved by placing a cup of water next to the radiator, advises physician Ulrike Roth.Dry air adversely affects the mucous membrane of the larynx and nasopharynx, reducing the body’s resistance to viruses.

  • How to resist colds

    Anti-cold drink

    Drinking regularly is equally important. Together with the liquid, the body receives the necessary vitamins and minerals, explains the doctor Angelica Rieger. An excellent preventive drink is prepared, for example, from freshly squeezed carrot and orange juice with the addition of a grated piece of fresh ginger, a tablespoon of sea buckthorn juice and a few drops of pumpkin seed oil.

  • How to resist colds

    Wash hands thoroughly and often

    Viruses lie in wait for us everywhere – on doorknobs, keyboards, handsets, ballpoint pens of sick colleagues. Some types of viruses survive on various surfaces for up to 17 days, warns industrial medicine expert Ulrike Roth, a physician in Cologne. This is how we transfer viruses to the face, eyes … There is only one way out – to wash our hands more often with soap and water and for at least 60 seconds.

  • How to resist colds

    Good nutrition

    A varied diet is the key to stable immunity. You should not overload the body at this time, advises Angelica Rieger. If possible, it is better to eat more often, in small portions, paying attention to the energy value of the food. Vitamins C, B, D, as well as zinc will help reduce the risk of disease. It is important to combine meat, fish, eggs with vegetables, root vegetables, nuts and legumes, the doctor emphasizes.

  • How to resist colds

    Eintopf against influenza

    The best example of such a complex dish, according to the doctor, is typical for German cuisine Eintopf. In the cold season, this dish warms up, satisfies hunger for a long time and strengthens the immune system. The German version of the thick borscht (pictured) is boiled with beans (or lentils) and quince. Meat can be substituted for fish or tofu.

  • How to resist colds

    Walk at lunchtime

    Sports, jogging, walking are the main movement in the fresh air and in any weather.It’s important to keep moving, insists industrial medicine expert Ulrike Roth. In this case, you should breathe through the nose so that the air enters the throat at the correct temperature. And a half-hour walk during lunchtime increases efficiency.

  • How to deal with colds

    Foot baths

    Regular warm foot baths help relieve stress, relax and improve blood circulation. Baths with the addition of sea salt, pine oil and aromatic herbs Angelica Rieger recommends to take 3-4 times a week in the evenings.

  • How to deal with colds

    Bath or sauna?

    Regular use of the sauna for those who are not contraindicated in it is an excellent method to maintain health, support the cardiovascular system and strengthen the immune system. Hot baths with the addition of essential oils are also recommended for preventive purposes. But in no case, if the temperature has already risen, warns the therapist from Ratingen.

  • How to resist colds

    Tea warms and warns

    Tea is good at any time of the day, says Angelika Rieger.The liquid in the form of hot tea from medicinal herbs is better absorbed by the body, preventing excessive dryness of the nasopharyngeal mucosa. A good effect, according to the doctor, is provided by linden, elderflower, chamomile, sage and ginger teas, which should be drunk alternately.

  • How to deal with colds

    Wellness sleep, sex and no stress

    Staying healthy requires getting enough sleep and getting regular rest. You should learn to take small pauses, master the technique of relaxation and stress relief, because it is he who blocks the body’s ability to regenerate.Doctors also consider regular sex to be an effective means of preventing colds, which promotes the growth of protective antibodies in the blood.