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What Is Causing Your Itchy Scalp?

Is itchy ever a good thing? The answer has to be never. And when it comes to your scalp, this kind of irritation is often accompanied by embarrassing flakes. Here, skin and scalp experts explain what could be causing your scalp to itch.

The Usual Itchy-Scalp Suspects

Dandruff is the most common culprit to blame for an itchy scalp. “The medical condition of dandruff is caused by an overgrowth of yeast,” says Jessica Wu, M.D., assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the University of Southern California Medical School and the author of Feed Your Face. The yeast normally live on your scalp and in other hairy areas, such as the eyebrows, the ears, and men’s beards. “With changes in body chemistry, the yeast overgrow and feed on your dead skin cells and oils,” says Dr. Wu, “which causes the itching and flaking.”

To properly control dandruff, you need to eliminate its fungal component without creating more irritation and redness, says Ilyse Lefkowicz, M. D., a dermatologist for Head & Shoulders North America.

For mild cases, Wu suggests using an over-the-counter shampoo that contains selenium, zinc pyrithione, or tea tree oil, all of which help control yeast. “If your scalp is not itchy but more flaky, then try a salicylic acid shampoo to reduce buildup,” she says. More stubborn cases may require a prescription antifungal shampoo or cortisone foam, or, for especially severe cases, anti-yeast pills, Wu says.

Scalp itch can also result from trips to the hair salon, says cosmetic chemist Ni’Kita Wilson, vice president of research and innovation for Englewood Lab. “Repeated chemical hair treatments like permanent color, relaxers, and keratin treatments can sap your scalp of moisture,” she says.

Another culprit could be a daily blow-drying habit, says Dr. Lefkowicz. The excessive heat can irritate and dry out the scalp. “Avoid using the hair dryer at its hottest setting, especially when hair is very wet,” she says. “That’s actually the hair’s most fragile state.

An itchy scalp can also be an allergic reaction to certain hair products, says Wu. “Some products, such as hair sprays, contain ingredients that tighten as they dry,” she says. “This causes a slight pulling sensation on the scalp, leading to itchiness.”

Don’t Scratch — Moisturize Instead

Sometimes the root of the problem is environmental, Lefkowicz says. “Other factors that contribute to scalp irritations include exposure to cool environments with low humidity, and the effects of wind and sun.”

According to Lefkowicz, the way back to a healthy scalp (and healthy, shiny hair) begins with upping the moisture. Avoid hot water when washing your hair, she says, because it can strip the natural oils from your scalp, making it very dry and sensitive.

“Look for moisturizing and protective ingredients like dimethicone, a silicone compound that smooths the hair surface, making it shiny,” Lefkowicz says. She also recommends using a good conditioner to soothe the scalp and leave hair moisturized.

When to Worry About an Itchy Scalp

Sometimes an itchy scalp can be a red flag signaling other, more serious medical conditions. If your scalp develops thick, scaly patches that hurt, crack, or bleed, Wu says, you may have psoriasis — a chronic autoimmune disease that appears on the skin. If, along with the itchiness, your hair is falling out or breaking, you may have ringworm. If any oozing occurs, or a crust develops or pus appears on the scalp, you could be suffering from a staph infection. Your safest bet is to consult your doctor with any concerns about an itchy scalp.

10 Reasons Your Scalp Is So Itchy And What To Do About It

Got an itch on your head that you just can’t scratch? If those prickles and tingles go way beyond what feels normal, you might be wondering what’s to blame. Is it an allergy? An infection? Something even more serious?

Luckily, an itchy scalp is super common and typically has a pretty harmless cause that you can easily take care of. Here, the most likely causes of scalp itch, according to dermatologists, and what to do about it so you can stop scratching for good.

1. Dandruff

What it looks and feels like: You’ve got flakes and itchiness all over your head.

What causes it: Dandruff has three main causes: an oily scalp (not a dry one), a buildup of dead skin or styling products, or a yeast-like fungus called malassezia.

How to get relief: Vigorously massaging shampoo into your scalp (not just into your hair) may lift product buildup, but if flaking persists, use shampoo containing zinc or salicylic acid, which treat fungus, buildup, and oil, like Head & Shoulders Classic Clean Shampoo ($6, amazon.com). Still itching after a few weeks? You may need to visit your derm to see if something else is going on.

2. Allergic reaction

What it looks and feels like: Your whole scalp feels itchy.

What causes it: Ingredients in some hair products can prompt an allergic reaction, says Maria Hordinsky, MD, professor and chair of dermatology at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. “The allergen is often fragrance, or a moisturizing agent called propylene glycol.”

How to get relief: Stop using these suspects for a week; if the irritation goes away, replace your old products with fragrance- or PG-free options (for the latter, try the Alba Botanica line, $18.99, amazon.com). Scorching temps from styling tools like blow-dryers, flatirons, and curling irons can also dry out the scalp and cause itchiness, so keep heat settings on medium.

3. Psoriasis

What it looks and feels like: Your itch is just in one spot, and you have raised, scaly patches.

What causes it: This is an autoimmune condition and it runs in families, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). Things like stress, an infection, some medications, and cold, dry weather can trigger flares, though.

How to get relief: If your dermatologist determines you have psoriasis, use a shampoo with coal tar—sounds weird, but it works—like Neutrogena T/Gel Therapeutic Shampoo ($5, amazon.com), says dermatologist Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Your doc can prescribe stronger remedies if needed.

4. Precancerous legion

What it looks and feels like: A crusty spot about a quarter-inch in diameter.

What causes it: It’s called actinic keratosis, and it’s the result of sun exposure over many years, says Dr. Hordinsky.

Next steps: About 10 percent of these become cancerous, so see your derm ASAP to have it checked and, if needed, removed. Ward off future damage by using a sunscreen specially formulated for the scalp, such as Banana Boat Sport Quik Dri Scalp Spray ($9. 99, amazon.com)—yes, in the winter too.

5. Hives

What it looks and feels like: Red, itchy spots where the skin is raised.

What causes it: It’s usually linked to an allergic reaction to something, like your shampoo or a product you used, says board-certified dermatologist Ife J. Rodney, MD, founding director of Eternal Dermatology + Aesthetics.

How to get relief: “Take an oral antihistamine, like Benadryl or Zyrtec,” Dr. Rodney says. One thing you shouldn’t try is a topical antihistamine cream. “They can make things worse,” Dr. Rodney says.

6. Lice

What it looks and feels like: Lice create an itchy feeling that can be all over your head. You may also see the eggs of the parasites along your hair shaft (they can look like grains of rice), Dr. Rodney says.

What causes it: You get head lice from coming into contact with someone who has the condition, or from sharing things that they’ve used, like a hat, comb, or brush.

How to get relief: Permethrin shampoo is usually used to treat lice. While you can find it OTC, “you may need a prescription,” if you have a particularly intense case, Dr. Rodney says.

7. Scabies

What it looks and feels like: Dr. Rodney describes it as “really intense, annoying itching.”

What causes it: Scabies is caused by tiny mites that burrow in your scalp. Scabies isn’t very common, but people who do get the condition usually have had close contact with someone with scabies. They may have recently stayed at a motel or hotel that was infested, Dr. Rodney says.

How to get relief: “You need to see a dermatologist,” Dr. Rodney says. “Over-the-counter treatments don’t usually clear this up.” Like lice, scabies is usually treated with permethrin, she says.

8. Scalp ringworm

What it looks and feels like: Dandruff or scaliness, although it could be a round patch with raised borders.

What causes it: The contagious fungal infection is caused by direct contact with an infected person, Dr. Rodney says.

How to get relief: You’re probably going to need prescription-strength antifungal medications, like a lotion or ointment that you put on your skin, Dr. Rodney says. In some cases, you’ll need an oral antifungal medication. Meaning, you need to call your doctor.

9. Atopic dermatitis

What it looks and feels like: Atopic dermatitis on your scalp looks like itchy, red skin. It’s also likely to show up on your elbows and backs of your knees, Dr. Rodney says.

What causes it: It’s usually genetic, meaning you’re more likely to have it if someone else in your family has the condition.

How to get relief: Try to figure out your triggers, like scented or abrasive shampoos. “It’s super important to take short, warm showers, instead of hot showers,” Dr. Rodney says. You’ll also want to use a gentle conditioner to moisturize your scalp. Talk to your doctor if you’re still struggling.

10. Nerve issues

What it looks and feels like: You won’t see anything on your scalp, except for maybe scratch marks from you. “We can always tell when a patient has nerve issues because there’s no primary skin lesion,” Dr. Rodney says.

What causes it: Nerves in your scalp that are over-reacting and firing too often.

How to get relief: See your primary care physician—they’ll likely refer you to a neurologist, Dr. Rodney says. “Some medications can help,” she adds.

Jessica Migala
Jessica Migala is a health writer specializing in general wellness, fitness, nutrition, and skincare, with work published in Women’s Health, Glamour, Health, Men’s Health, and more.

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Itchy scalp in summer | Head&Shoulders UK


Sebum production is controlled by the body’s sebaceous glands and these can become overactive in warmer weather.

Sweating in the summer months can exacerbate this too, by assisting the oil from sliding down the hair follicle to cover more of the hair rather than staying closer to the scalp.


Make sure you wash your hair regularly – you’ll likely see more sweat build up in the summer so it’s best to keep your hair as clean as you can.

A deep cleaning, cleansing shampoo like Classic Clean shampoo is a good option here as there designed to remove sweat and build-up to leave you feeling really clean.

There are also fresh, summery scented variants like Apple Fresh shampoo or Citrus Fresh shampoo which will help keep your hair smelling great on hot days.

There are plenty of ways to make sure your hair feels fresh, clean and healthy while keeping your dandruff and itchy scalp in check:

  1. Protect your hair from the sun. When your scalp burns, it can peel and look like dandruff. Try wearing a breathable, oversized hat, or protecting your part line, and exposed scalp areas, with a bit of sunscreen (dab lightly with your fingertips).

  2. Prep your hair - especially if you’re swimming, which exposes your hair to salt water and chlorine. Pre-wet your hair with tap water and use a leave-in conditioner before you get in the pool. Prevent tangling by putting your hair in a braid or bun (plus a swim cap if you’re doing laps).

  3. Take extra care once you get back indoors. Heat and sweat can cause dandruff-causing microbes on your scalp to thrive. Help prevent a flare-up by using a good dandruff shampoo regularly. After swimming, wash thoroughly with a deep cleansing shampoo and moisturizing conditioner that’s best for your hair type.

Sensitive Scalp Help

Maybe your scalp stings a little when you color your hair. Or the new shampoo you’re using makes it burn. Or maybe your scalp just started itching for no reason you can think of.

It’s not surprising that scalps sometimes itch, sting, or feel prickly. Though your skull is hard, your scalp is quite tender. It has more blood vessels than any other area of the body and lots of nerve endings.

Here are some common causes of scalp problems and what you can do about them.

Hair Dye and Curl Relaxers

Treatments that color, bleach, or straighten your hair are the most likely hair products to irritate your scalp. If you use heat during processing — to help lighten hair, for example — the irritation can be worse.

What helps: Always do a patch test to see how your skin reacts before using a new hair product. If it stings or itches, try a different brand. If you’re coloring your hair, try a semi-permanent color or a rinse. Permanent color has an ingredient called PPDA that can cause an allergic reaction. To limit exposure to harsh chemicals, retouch the roots instead of doing all-over color every time. Or highlight instead of lightening all over.


Fragrances and preservatives in shampoo irritate some people’s skin. Not rinsing out shampoo well can also cause itching.

What helps: Switch to a new shampoo. Look for fragrance-free, organic shampoo for color-treated hair or mild “baby” shampoos. Be sure to give your hair a good rinse.


Winter weather can make your scalp flake and itch, especially if you live in a cold, dry climate. This usually goes away in summer, unless it’s very hot and humid. Hot and humid weather can make scalps feel prickly.

What helps: Try to keep indoor temperatures “just right” — not too warm or too cool. Wash your hair less in winter to keep in oils and moisture that protect your scalp.


Yes, your scalp can burn, too. If your hair is thin or you’re bald, the sun can also damage your topmost skin over time, making it rough, dry, and scaly. This condition, solar keratosis, raises your risk of skin cancer.

What helps: Wear a hat outside. Use spray sunscreen where you part your hair, or apply sunscreen on your head if you’re bald, even on cloudy days. Make sure it’s SPF 30 or higher and broad-spectrum.


When your scalp’s dead skin cells shed at a super-fast rate, you get itchy flakes. No one’s sure what causes dandruff; it may be hormones.

What helps: Shampoo often to get rid of dead skin cells. Leave the lather on your scalp for a few minutes before rinsing off. Every other hair washing, use dandruff shampoo. Don’t avoid shampooing to control itchy dandruff — that’s a myth that doesn’t help. If you are African-American, you may do better not washing your hair daily; try a medicated shampoo weekly.

Psoriasis or Other Skin Problems

If you have a pileup of itchy scales, the problem could be psoriasis. With this skin condition, new skin cells are made faster than usual. 

What helps: See a skin doctor for any scalp itching or burning that doesn’t go away. For psoriasis, prescription medication, scale softeners, and shampoo can help. A doctor can also find and treat other skin conditions that annoy your scalp. These can range from serious problems like skin cancer to less serious ones like acne or lice.

Why Is My Scalp So Itchy?

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It starts with a quick scratch. And then another. Soon, you can’t stop scratching your whole head. Why is your scalp so damn itchy? (Please don’t be lice!)

Relax. There are many reasons you have an itchy scalp, many of which are easy to treat. “Itchy scalp is one of the more common reasons why people come to the dermatologist,” says Marc Glashofer, MD, board-certified dermatologist specializing in hair loss in Northern New Jersey. Here are 10 common reasons you can’t stop scratching your damn head.


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If you notice white flakes scattered across your shoulders, you may have dandruff. Dandruff is one of the most common reasons people have scalp itches. These pesky flakes are also known as seborrheic dermatitis.

“Its a combination of redness, itchiness, dryness and flaking,” says Jessica Weiser, MD, a dermatologist from the New York Dermatology Group. “There are a lot of theories about what causes it. There may be a genetic predisposition. There’s probably a fungal or yeast component that triggers the body’s immune system. A change in weather can also contribute to flares,” Dr. Weiser says.

Selsun Blue Dandruff Shampoo 2-In-1

Selsun blue


How to Stop the Itch

Dandruff is a chronic condition that can flare time to time. “The goal of dandruff treatment is to find the right maintenance regimen to minimize the frequency of flares and the severity of symptoms,” says Dr. Glashofer. Since the body gets used to different treatments, Dr. Glashofer recommends rotating between prescription-based and over-the-counter dandruff shampoos and tea tree oil-based shampoos, which can calm the redness and inflammation, to trick your scalp.

We like Selsun Blue Medicated Maximum Strength Dandruff Shampoo, which contains anti-fungals. Be sure to leave the shampoo in your hair for five to 10 minutes. Otherwise, it won’t be effective, says Dr. Weiser. If over-the-counter shampoos don’t do the job, see a board-certified dermatologist who can prescribe a prescription-strength shampoo or topical cortisone or steroid.


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The thick red plaque of psoriasis may explain why you want to scratch your scalp non-stop. It’s an chronic inflammatory skin condition where the immune system becomes overactive, resulting in thick, red scales and painful, rough patches of skin. Psoriasis can affect any part of the body, including your scalp.

MG217 Psoriasis Medicated Conditioning 3% Coal Tar Shampoo

How to Stop the Itch

The more you rub or scratch, you more the flaky scales are likely to spread, says Dr. Weiser, so try not to touch it. Like seborrheic dermatitis, there is no magic cure. “You can control it through topical or more aggressive medication so it doesn’t flare, but you’ll never be completely free of it,” says Dr. Weiser.

She recommends coal tar and salicylic acid-based shampoos, which can help break down some of the skin build up and prescription-based topical cortisone foams or liquids. For those with severe cases, excimer laser treatments can be helpful.

Dr. Weiser likes MG217 Psoriasis Medicated Conditioning 3% Coal Tar Formula Shampoo, which helps to control the itchiness, flaking, redness and build-up of the scalp.


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If you’re scalp itches a lot and you have young kids in the house, you’re probably wondering if you have head lice. These little buggers (and their eggs) attach to the root of the hair shaft and can spread from person to person when you share a hat or hairbrush. It’s most commonly found behind the ears and the back of the scalp, according to Dr. Weiser.

Nix Lice Killing Creme Rinse

How to Stop the Itch

Your first order of business: Kick out all the lice and nits from your scalp. While it’s a pain in the neck and a time-consuming process, lice can resurface if you don’t remove it all. (In many cities, you can hire a “lice fairy” to come delouse you and your family.) Over-the-counter shampoos containing permethrin are usually more effective compared to more natural treatments, Dr. Weiser says.

Nix Creme Rinse is a permethrin-based shampoo that can kill the lice and nits. “Shampoo completely and let it sit for five to 10 minutes. Re-treat completely after a week to prevent re-infestation,” says Weiser.


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An itchy scalp accompanied by red pimple-like bumps are telltale signs you could have folliculitis, according to Dr. Glashofer. Bacteria or fungus on the skin can cause this chronic condition. The bumps may be filled with pus and may be painful at times as well as itchy.

How to Stop the Itch

Since folliculitis responds best to prescription-based treatments, talk to you doctor. Glashofer recommends a protocol that may include anti-inflammatory medications, antibacterial meds, and, at times, medicated shampoos.

Hair Dye Allergy

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Did you recently dye your hair? Your need to itch may be due to an allergic reaction, even if you’ve used the product before. “It can start with a low-grade reaction and a little itchiness. You may not think anything of it. But with each subsequent use, you may experience more redness, flakiness and irritation,” says Dr Weiser. It can cause swelling and inflammation of the scalp and some people can experience an anaphylactic reaction, too. The most common allergen is paraphenylene diamine (PPD), which is used in brown and black hair dye. FYI: It can also be found in henna.

How to Stop the Itch

Step one is to stop using the product. If you want to continue coloring your hair, switch to a PPD-free dye. While these may not last as long as dyes with PPD, you’ll prevent future allergic reactions. You can also do a patch test on a new product to see if your skin reacts or ask your salon to do one for you. Look out for rashes, itchiness, or swelling.


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While you may typically associate eczema with elbow creases and fingers, it can crop up on your scalp too, says Angela J. Lamb, MD, board-certified dermatologist and assistant professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Eczema, aka atopic dermatitis, is another inflammatory skin condition that occurs when your immune system rebels. It affects approximately 32 million Americans. The result? Dry, flaky, inflamed patches. Sometimes it burns, too.

How to Stop the Itch

Although there isn’t a cure for eczema, Dr. Lamb says treatments like topical steroids and steroidal shampoos can decrease the intensity of your symptoms and the frequency of outbreaks. Talk to your dermatologist about the best treatment plan for you.

Lichen Planopilaris

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An itchy scalp can sometimes go hand-in-hand with an inflammatory condition called Lichen planopilaris, which causes patchy hair loss, Dr. Glashofer says. Other symptoms are pain and redness, but it’s a rare condition.

How to Stop the Itch

Unfortunately, Dr. Glashofer says there aren’t great over-the-counter products to help with the itch associated with this condition. Your best bet? See your dermatologist for confirmation of diagnosis and for prescription medications to help stop the inflammatory process.


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There may be instances when your scalp is itchy but your doctor can’t explain why. “Each hair follicle is attached to a nerve bundle. Sometimes, the nerves become overstimulated,” causing the itchy sensation, explains Dr. Lamb. But doctors aren’t sure exactly what causes it.

How to Stop the Itch

Since there isn’t a specific cause for this condition, talk to your doctor. Dr. Lamb says that prescription steroid shampoos can help manage the itch as can selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs.

Alopecia Areata


Alopecia aerate is a condition where the immune system attacks your hair follicles, resulting in round bald spots. When the condition becomes active, your scalp can itch…a lot, Dr. Lamb says.

How to Stop the Itch

If you experience an itchy scalp along with hair loss, visit your dermatologist. Dr. Lamb says your doctor can evaluate you and can offer treatment options such as topical steroids or steroid injections directly to the scalp.


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Yes, sweat and build-up can make you itchy. Plus, it can create an excessively oily scalp that’s a good breeding ground for yeast and fungus, says Dr. Glashofer. If you wear a baseball cap or bandana every single day, you may block your pores and cause sweat to back up, causing the itchy sensation and/or irritation. But Dr. Glashofer says that it’s more common in people who live in hot, humid environments.

How to Stop the Itch

Simple—wash your hair.

Christine Yu
Christine Yu is a freelance writer, yoga teacher, and avid runner who regularly covers health, fitness, nutrition, and wellness for outlets like Well + Good, Women’s Health, Runner’s World, and Outside.

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Itching causes & treatments – Illnesses & conditions

Itching is an unpleasant sensation that compels a person to scratch the affected area. The medical name for itching is pruritus.

Itching can affect any area of the body. It can either be:

  • generalised – where itching occurs over the whole body
  • localised – where itching only occurs in a particular area

Sometimes, there may be a rash or spot where the itching occurs.

Mild, short-lived itching is common, but the problem can occasionally be severe and very frustrating to live with.

Common causes of itching

Itching can be caused by a number of different conditions, including:

Read more about the possible causes of itching.

Things you can do

If you experience troublesome itching, there are some things you can do that may help relieve it and prevent damage caused by scratching, including:

  • patting or tapping the itchy area, rather than scratching it
  • holding a cold compress, such as damp flannel, over the affected area to cool it down
  • bathing or showering in cool or lukewarm water
  • using unperfumed personal hygiene products
  • avoiding clothes that irritate your skin, such as wool or man-made fabrics
  • using a moisturiser or emollient if your skin is dry or flaky

There are also medicines, such as antihistamines and steroid creams, that are available over the counter from pharmacies that may help relieve itching caused by certain skin conditions.

Read more about treatments to relieve itching.

When to see your GP

Many cases of itching will get better over a short period of time. However, you should visit your GP if your itch is:

  • severe
  • lasts for a long time
  • keeps coming back
  • associated with other symptoms – such as redness and swelling or jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)

You should also visit your GP if your entire body itches and there is no obvious cause. It could be a symptom of a more serious condition.

Your GP will ask you about your symptoms – for example, if you have noticed whether anything makes your itch worse, or if your itch comes and goes. They will also examine your skin to look for any visible symptoms.

In some cases, they may take a skin scraping or a swab so it can be tested to help identify the cause of your itching. A blood test may also be carried out to look for underlying problems, such as thyroid or kidney disease.

Depending on what is found to be causing your itch, you may be referred to a hospital specialist for a further assessment and specific treatment. 

Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Tests & Recovery


What is neurodermatitis?

Neurodermatitis is a non-life-threatening skin condition involving itching and scratching, usually on just one or two patches of skin. It is also called lichen simplex chronicus.

The itch can occur anywhere on the body but is most commonly found on the arms, shoulders, elbows, legs, ankles, wrists, hands, back of the neck or scalp. The anal and genital areas and the face might also itch. The itching can be intense, causing frequent scratching, or it might come and go. It is most active when the patient is relaxing or trying to sleep. In some cases, the patient wakes up scratching or rubbing the affected area.

What does neurodermatitis look like?

The itchy patches measure between 3 centimeters by 6 centimeters and 6 centimeters by 10 centimeters. The patches can look:

  • Dry.
  • Thick.
  • Scaly.
  • Leathery.
  • Differently colored, such as reddish, brownish, yellowish, gray or purple. Older patches can appear white or pale in the center, surrounded by darker colors. Over time, there might be scarring.

Scratching can irritate nerve endings in the skin and worsen the itching, leading to more scratching. The condition can become chronic as the itch-scratch cycle continues.

Who is most likely to get neurodermatitis?

It is estimated that neurodermatitis occurs in about 12% of the population. Research has shown that people between 30 years old and 50 years old are more likely to contract the condition. Women are more likely than men to suffer from neurodermatitis at a ratio of 2:1. Those with anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders and family members with histories of other skin diseases, including eczema and contact dermatitis, are more likely to develop neurodermatitis.

Some recent studies have suggested that those with certain personality traits – including poor social skills, lack of flexibility, tendency toward pain avoidance, dependency on other people, people-pleasing and dutifulness – are more likely to have neurodermatitis. However, other studies have found no connection between personality and the condition.

Symptoms and Causes

What causes neurodermatitis?

The underlying cause of neurodermatitis is unknown. However, it has been observed that the itch can start during times of extreme stress, anxiety, emotional trauma or depression. The itching sometimes continues even after the mental stress eases or stops.

Other possible neurodermatitis triggers include:

  • Nerve injuries.
  • Insect bites.
  • Dry skin.
  • Wearing tight clothing, especially if the material is a synthetic fiber, like polyester or rayon. These factors can cause sensitive skin to overreact and itch.
  • Other skin diseases. Neurodermatitis sometimes happens as a result of eczema and psoriasis.

What are the symptoms of neurodermatitis?

In addition to itching, scratching and dry, discolored patches of skin, symptoms of neurodermatitis can include:

  • Pain.
  • Hair loss if itching and scratching occurs on the scalp.
  • Open sores and bleeding, due to repeated scratching.
  • Infection, which is indicated by sores with yellow-colored crusts, fluid discharge and/or pus-filled bumps.
  • Scarring from scratching.
  • Skin lines in the affected skin.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is neurodermatitis diagnosed?

A dermatologist will exam the itchy area, possibly with a scope. The doctor will first rule out other skin conditions, like eczema and psoriasis. The doctor might take a complete medical history and then ask some questions, such as:

  • When did the itch start?
  • Is it constant or does it come and go?
  • What home remedies have been tried?

What tests can be used to diagnose neurodermatitis?

  • Skin swab tests find out if there is an infection.
  • Patch testing to learn whether an allergy is the problem.
  • Fungal tests to identify skin disorders in the general area and to rule out sexually transmitted infections.
  • Skin biopsy to find or rule out psoriasis or mycosis fungoides, which is a form of lymphoma.
  • Blood tests.

Management and Treatment

How is neurodermatitis treated?

Neurodermatitis rarely heals without treatment. A dermatologist will write a treatment plan that is unique for each patient. The main goal is to stop the itching and scratching. Treatments can include medications like:

  • Corticosteroids. These medicines can be applied to the itchy patch or injected into the patch. Corticosteroids help reduce redness, swelling, heat, itching and tenderness, and can soften thickened skin.
  • Antihistamines. Taken before bedtime, an antihistamine can cut back on itching during sleep. It can also help prevent allergic reactions that would worsen the condition.
  • Antibiotics. These are prescribed if the patchy area is infected. Antibiotics can be applied to the skin or taken orally in pill form.
  • Moisturizers. These reduce dryness and itching.
  • Coal tar preparations. This type of medicine causes the skin to shed dead cells and slows the growth of new cells. Patients can place it directly on their skin or add it to their bath.
  • Capsaicin creams. These can relieve both pain and itching.

Your doctor might also suggest:

  • Coverings. Using bandages, socks or gloves can prevent night scratching, allowing better sleep. Covering also helps medicine applied to the skin penetrate better. (This is also called occlusion.)
  • Cool compresses. These can be placed on the skin about five minutes before applying corticosteroids. The compress softens the skin so the medicine can penetrate easier, and it can also relieve itching.
  • Antidepressants and/or therapy. This type of treatment may be suggested if it is believed that anxiety, depression or stress is causing the itch.

If none of these treatments are effective, nontraditional treatments include:

  • A solution that mixes aspirin and dichloromethane applied to the itchy area.
  • Treatments usually used for atopic dermatitis/eczema (tacrolimus and/or pimecrolimus).
  • An injection of botulinum toxin (Botox®), a toxic protein that can cause flaccid paralysis, or muscle weakness in the body. In a study of three neurodermatitis patients, all three itched less after one week of treatment and within four weeks the itchy patches were gone.
  • Phototherapy, or light therapy. This approach should not be used on genitals.
  • Traditional surgery to remove the itchy patch or cryosurgery to destroy unwanted tissue using intense cold.

What if scratching has caused a wound?

If scratching due to neurodermitis has caused a wound, the doctor may wrap a dressing over the area.

Another potential treatment is negative-pressure wound therapy, which involves vacuuming fluid out of the wound and increasing blood flow there.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy confines the patient in an oxygen chamber to inhale pure oxygen, which enhances the body’s ability to heal itself. Surgery on the wound is another option.

What can you do to promote healing if you have neurodermatitis?

If you have neurodermatitis, you should follow the treatment plan from your doctor and try to keep calm so anxiety and stress don’t trigger a flareup. Also, keep these points in mind:

  • Try to stop scratching and rubbing. But, keep your fingernails short so you minimize damage if you do scratch.
  • Apply ice, anti-itch medication or a cool compress to the itchy area. Take a cool bath to reduce heat, which will relieve itching. Add colloidal oatmeal, which can also relieve itching, to the bath.
  • Keep the body at a comfortable, cool temperature.
  • Wear loose clothing, preferably made of cotton.
  • Cover the itchy area with clothing, tape with corticosteroid medicine or apply an Unna boot, which is a dressing containing healing ingredients like zinc oxide. The covering can discourage scratching.
  • Avoid anything that irritates the skin or causes an allergic reaction.

Outlook / Prognosis

What is the prognosis for people with neurodermatitis?

With the right treatment plan, neurodermatitis can heal completely. However, the doctor and patient may have to adjust the plan or try different plans. Sticking with the plan is vital, especially if neurodermatitis is on the genitals, where cases of the condition are most stubborn.

Unfortunately, neurodermatitis can return if activated by one of the triggers. Then, the patient must return for treatment. In some cases, a doctor will continue treatment on a patient who has healed to prevent the condition from returning.

Sometimes, neurodermatitis can develop into skin cancers like squamous-cell or verrucous carcinoma. This is perhaps due to continuous scratching and rubbing, which can activate chemicals that cause inflammation, which in turn can transform skin cells to cancerous cells.

90,000 10 unexpected reasons why you itch all

Most often, itchy skin has a very obvious cause. You may have been bitten by mosquitoes (mosquitoes, lice, bedbugs or beach bugs). Or you ate strawberries, which you always have a rash on – and hello, familiar allergic scratching. Or maybe you have dermatitis, and then the itching is accompanied by redness, flaking, or thickening of the affected skin.

But sometimes it happens that day after day you itch, and why is not clear.In this case, itching, whichever part of the body it touches, can be the first symptom of very unpleasant diseases. And it would be worth not missing them.

When to see a doctor

Experts from the American research organization Mayo Clinic recommend to visit a therapist or dermatologist if, at first glance, itching is unreasonable:

  • lasts longer than two weeks and does not go away despite the fact that you are trying to actively care for cover the skin and avoid probable food allergens;
  • is so intense that it makes you scratch even in public or interferes with sleep;
  • manifests itself as sudden attacks;
  • affects the whole body, and is not limited to specific areas;
  • is accompanied by other physiological changes – weakness and rapid fatigue, weight loss, fever (even slight), increased urge to urinate, constipation or diarrhea.

Even one of the symptoms listed above is already a serious reason to consult a doctor. A doctor can help you figure out exactly what is happening to your skin. Perhaps the reason is not at all in her.

Why is everything itching for you?

Doctors do not hide: it is not always possible to establish what exactly caused the itching. However, such cases are rare. Much more often, the causes of are still found: however, sometimes not quite where the patient himself suspects. Here are common conditions that can make you itch for no apparent reason.

1. Side effect of taking certain medications

This itching is often accompanied by skin reactions such as redness or rashes. But in some cases, the skin all over the body just itches. These side effects are:

  • some drugs for the treatment of hypertension;
  • Agents used for gout, eg allopurinol;
  • preparations with estrogen – the same oral contraceptives;
  • amiodarone – a drug that is prescribed for cardiac arrhythmias;
  • prescription opioid pain relievers;
  • Simvastatin is a drug used to lower cholesterol levels.

2. Pregnancy

According to statistics from the authoritative medical resource WebMD , itchy skin in one form or another worries one or two women out of every 10 pregnant women.

3. Neurological disorders

Itching without rashes, especially if accompanied by tingling and a feeling of running creeps, can be an early symptom of the following diseases:

  • shingles;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • nerve damage;
  • stroke;
  • tumors of the brain and spinal cord.

4. Mental disorders

This reason can be suspected by the specific nature of the itching: it seems to such people that something or someone is crawling on their skin. Therefore, they itch, often scratching the epidermis to blood. Compulsive (obsessive) scratching can accompany the following mental illness:

  • depression;
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder;
  • psychosis;
  • Trichotillomania (an obsessive condition in which a person unconsciously pulls out hair on the head or body).

5. Diabetes mellitus

Skin itching is one of the earliest and most characteristic symptoms of this disease.

6. Diseases and disorders in the liver

Itching in this case is associated with the fact that bile stagnation occurs in the diseased liver. And even its cells are completely destroyed (this happens with hepatitis, developing cirrhosis). All this leads to an increase in the content of bile acids and bilirubin pigment, which irritate the skin: it itches.

7. Kidney diseases

If the kidneys do not work properly, nitrogenous compounds are formed, in particular, in the epidermis. The body gets rid of them along with sweat. But, when left on the skin, this sweat causes irritation and itching.

8. Problems with the thyroid gland

Any malfunction of the thyroid gland affects the metabolism. This often results in dry skin, which provokes itching.

9. Iron deficiency

Due to a lack of iron, the body cannot produce the required amount of red blood cells – erythrocytes and the most important protein hemoglobin, which carries oxygen.This is how anemia develops. Pale and sometimes itchy skin is one of the symptoms of this disorder.

10. Certain types of cancer

Unreasonable itching is a rare symptom of cancer. But this is possible. For example, can make itching:

  • polycythemia is a tumor process in the circulatory system;
  • pancreatic cancer;
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Given the severity of these diseases, it is quite obvious: if you itch and do not understand why, it is important not to delay visiting a therapist.

Your itch may be just an allergic reaction to your favorite synthetic shirt or new laundry detergent. It will be enough to identify the allergen and you will forget about scabies. But when it comes to more unpleasant conditions, an important rule applies here: the earlier you discover the disease and start treatment, the more successful it will be. Therefore, deal with the causes of itching as soon as possible. It’s in your best interest.

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6 correct indicators of effective training

It is often difficult for us to objectively assess the effectiveness of training – you regularly appear in the gym, make volitional efforts, master new simulators, even sweat, and the relief muscles are in no hurry to manifest themselves.In this article, we have collected 6 reliable signs that will help you make sure your workout was not wasted.

The habitual manifestations of physical fatigue, such as a T-shirt that you can squeeze out, pleasant muscle soreness or brutal hunger after training, are very subjective. For example, according to research by scientists from Fairmont State University, on average, a person can lose from 800 milliliters to 1.5 liters of fluid per hour of exercise – the variation is quite large and depends on individual indicators.Muscle pain will also not help measure the effectiveness of a workout, as the body quickly adjusts to new loads. The feeling of hunger that appears after a good workout is a myth. We offer 6 science-based signs that you did not work in vain. The next time you leave the gym, go through the following points:


Next time, in order to check how efficiently you are working, try to exchange a couple of phrases with one of your friends in the gym during the next set.If you can easily maintain a lively conversation, you are doing something wrong.

For skeptics, a more scientific approach: create your own scale of load from 0 to 10, where 10 is your maximum and 0 is the state of rest. So, during the exercise, the load level should be kept at 6-7 – this means that you are working quite intensely, and you can hardly easily chat with a neighbor.


As the last set of reps approaches, do you slow down, put in more effort, literally complete the final set with your last bit of strength? Fine! This is a sure sign that the muscles are working great, which means that the training was effective.


The most accurate way to gauge training intensity is to see what percentage of your maximum you’re working out. For example, you can determine your maximum heart rate using the following equation proposed by scientists from The American College of Sports Medicine: 206.9 – (0.67 x age). “For a workout to be called effective, it is necessary to work at 80-90% of 100% of the maximum possible,” advise the scientists of the aforementioned university.


Indeed, every time you leave the gym, you should feel that you are overcoming yourself and become closer to your goal, but apathy and weakness are not at all the sensations that a correct training leaves. If, despite physical fatigue, you still have enough strength and energy to actively spend the rest of the day, then you are on the right track.


Yes, it’s true! After an intense workout with weights, blood rushes to the muscles, carrying with it toxins and enriching muscle tissue with oxygen and nutrients, due to these processes, the muscles swell for a couple of hours, visually increasing in volume.


After a hard day of training, you will be assured of a quality sound sleep. This is all thanks to hormones and cytokines that are released during exercise and help the brain simulate our sleep.

The doctor named the signs of a hypertensive crisis


The doctor named the signs of a hypertensive crisis

The doctor named the signs of a hypertensive crisis – RIA Novosti, 03.03.2020

The doctor named the signs of a hypertensive crisis

The head of the therapeutic department of the Moscow clinical hospital No. 1 Sergei Stebletsov told in an interview with “Evening Moscow” how to recognize … RIA Novosti, 03.03.2020

2019-10-23T15: 43

2019-10-23T15: 43

2020-03-03T16: 58



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MOSCOW, October 23 – RIA Novosti. Sergei Stebletsov, head of the therapeutic department of the Moscow Clinical Hospital No. 1, told in an interview with Vechernyaya Moskva how to recognize a hypertensive crisis and in which case an ambulance should be called. According to the doctor, when the pressure rises, some symptoms appear that are hard to miss. “The face may begin to burn, there may be a heaviness in the back of the head, a feeling of nausea, and dizziness.There is also a feeling of swelling in the ears, stunning, sounds begin to be perceived worse “, – said Stebletsov, noting that almost everyone experienced a similar condition and in such cases it is worth measuring pressure. He also spoke about the dangers of high blood pressure. In particular, it contributes to the development of atherosclerosis , and if you do not pay attention to this, then the risk of heart attack and stroke increases.The doctor believes that in some situations, high blood pressure is the norm, since it depends on various types of stress on the body.”It’s another matter if it does not stabilize within 20-30 minutes, this is already a violation of the recovery mechanisms,” the specialist emphasized, adding that different people have their own rate of pressure. So, according to him, for some patients 130/85 is already a disaster, while a temperamental person prone to adrenaline rushes may not feel it at all. If the pressure does not return to normal within 30-40 minutes, you should think about calling a doctor, especially if the condition does not improve after taking the medication, Stebletsov said.”When the pressure is kept for two or three hours, serious injuries can occur in the body. Several days are already a very far-reaching case, which can speak of critical violations in any organ,” the doctor said.




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MOSCOW, 23 October – RIA Novosti. Sergei Stebletsov, head of the therapeutic department of the Moscow Clinical Hospital No. 1, told in an interview with “ Evening Moscow ” how to recognize a hypertensive crisis and in which case an ambulance should be called.

According to the doctor, when blood pressure rises, some symptoms occur that are hard to miss.

“The face may start to burn, there may be a heaviness in the back of the head, a feeling of nausea, dizziness.There is also a feeling of swelling in the ears, deafening, sounds begin to be perceived worse “, – said Stebletsov, noting that almost everyone experienced a similar state and in such cases it is worth measuring the pressure.

He also spoke about the dangers of high pressure. In particular, it contributes to the development of atherosclerosis, and if you do not pay attention to this, the risk of heart attack and stroke increases. from various types of stress on the body.

“It is another matter if it does not stabilize within 20-30 minutes, it is already a violation of the recovery mechanisms,” the specialist emphasized, adding that different people have their own rate of pressure. So, according to him, for some patients 130/85 is already a disaster, while a temperamental person prone to adrenaline rushes may not feel it at all.

If the pressure does not return to normal within 30-40 minutes, you should think about calling a doctor, especially if the condition does not improve after taking the medication, Stebletsov said.

“When the pressure is kept for two or three hours, serious injuries can occur in the body. Several days are already a very far-reaching case, which can speak of critical disorders in any organ,” the doctor said.

October 16, 2019, 07:02

The British woman told how the strange taste of wine turned out to be a symptom of a heart attack 90,000 Feeling of “heat” in the face: what to do, how to treat

The feeling of “heat” in the face is one of the early signs of menopause.

Various disorders are characteristic of the menopause period. The first in women are the so-called early disorders – a feeling of “heat” in the face, sweating, mood swings, sleep disturbances. Then there are medium-term disturbances, problems with urination, dryness in the vagina, sexual problems. Finally, late (or metabolic) disorders develop – cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and degenerative diseases of the central nervous system (for example, Alzheimer’s disease).

Feeling of “heat” in the face area (“hot flashes”), its sudden redness is an unpleasant manifestation of menopause. But they are even more troubling if the woman is in a team. For many women, hot flashes are painful. Sudden sweating attacks are associated with dysregulation of vascular tone and body temperature due to changes in the hormonal balance in a woman. They often occur at night (night sweats) and can lead to sleep disturbances. During the daytime, a number of factors can provoke the development of hot flashes and sweating: drinking coffee or drinking hot foods and drinks in general, drinking alcohol, situations of mental stress, and much more.

In climacteric syndrome, the so-called “hot flashes” can occur up to 30 times a day, sleep disturbances develop into insomnia, and irritability into anxiety.
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