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Tinea Versicolor: Cause, Symptoms, and Treatments

What Is Tinea Versicolor?

Tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that causes small patches of discolored spots on your skin. It’s also called pityriasis versicolor. It results from a type of yeast that naturally lives on your skin. When the yeast grows out of control, the skin disease, which appears as a rash, is the result.

Signs and Symptoms of Tinea Versicolor

Acidic bleach from the growing yeast causes areas of skin to be a different color than the skin around them. These can be individual spots or patches. Specific signs and symptoms of the infection include:

  • Patches that are white, pink, red, or brown and may be lighter or darker than the skin around them.
  • Spots that don’t tan the way the rest of your skin does.
  • Spots that show up more boldly when you do tan.
  • Spots that may occur anywhere on your body but are most commonly seen on your neck, chest, back, and arms.
  • Spots that are dry and scaly and may itch or hurt, although this is rare.

The spots may disappear during cool weather and get worse during warm and humid weather.

Similar conditions

Some skin problems have symptoms that look like tinea versicolor, including:

  • Vitiligo: a disease that makes you lose your skin color
  • Pityriasis rosea: a rash that causes small spots that fan out on your body in the shape of a tree

These conditions have features that clue your doctor in to what you have, such as texture and rash pattern.

Tinea Versicolor Causes

The yeast that causes tinea versicolor, Malassezia, grows on normal, healthy skin. But these things can trigger an overgrowth that causes the infection:

  • Oily skin
  • Living in a hot climate
  • Sweating a lot
  • Hormonal changes
  • A weakened immune system

Because the yeast grows naturally on your skin, tinea versicolor isn’t contagious. The condition can affect people of any skin color. It’s more likely to affect teens and young adults. For some people, it can cause emotional distress and feelings of self-consciousness.

Tinea Versicolor Diagnosis

Your doctor can diagnose tinea versicolor by what the rash looks like.

If they need more information, these tests can help:

  • Wood lamp (black light) examination. The doctor uses ultraviolet light, which may make the affected areas appear a fluorescent coppery orange color if they’re the result of tinea versicolor.
  • Microscopy using potassium hydroxide (KOH). Your doctor removes cells from your skin, soaks them in potassium hydroxide, then looks at them under a microscope.
  • Skin biopsy. The doctor takes a skin sample by scraping some skin and scales from the affected area to look at under a microscope. With children, the doctor may lift off skin cells by first firmly attaching clear tape to the affected area then removing it. The sample then can be stuck directly onto a slide to look at with a microscope.

Tinea Versicolor Treatment

Treatment of tinea versicolor can consist of creams, lotions, or shampoos that you put on your skin. It can also include medication given as pills. The type of treatment will depend on the size, location, and thickness of the infected area.


Treatment options include:

  • Topical antifungals. You put these directly to your skin. They may be in the form of lotion, shampoo, cream, foam, or soap. They keep yeast growth under control. Over-the-counter anti-fungal topical products containing ingredients such as clotrimazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, zinc-pyrithione, selenium sulfide, and terbinafine are available. Prescription products are available too.
  • Antifungal pills. These may be used to treat more serious or recurrent cases of tinea versicolor. Sometimes doctors use them because they clear up the infection faster. You’ll need a prescription for these medicines. They can have side effects. Your doctor will keep an eye on you while you’re taking antifungal pills.

Treatment usually gets rid of the fungal infection. But skin discoloration may take several months to resolve.

Lifestyle Tips for Managing Tinea Versicolor

Episodes are very common because the yeast that causes the infection is a normal fungus that lives on your skin. You might use medicated cleansers once a week for 10 minutes at a time for a few months to help prevent tinea versicolor from coming back. You may need to use these cleansers if the infection keeps returning, especially if you live in a warm and humid area.

To help you manage tinea versicolor you can:

  • Avoid using oily skin products.
  • Reduce the time you spend in the sun. It may trigger or worsen an episode, and a tan makes the rash more visible.
  • Use an anti-fungal shampoo daily for a couple of days prior to sun exposure if you do have to go out.
  • Put on sunscreen every day. Use a broad spectrum, nongreasy formula with a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) of 30.
  • Try a dandruff shampoo with selenium sulfide.
  • Wear loose clothing.
  • Choose breathable fabrics, like cotton, to decrease sweating.

First Aid Information for Yeast Infection Skin Rash

Self-Care at Home


Most candidal (yeast) infections can be treated at home with over-the-counter or prescription medication and will clear up within a week. If some other disease has weakened a person’s immune system, the person should consult a doctor about any new symptoms before attempting self-treatment because of the risk of infection.

  • Thrush
    • For thrush, swish the antifungal agent nystatin around in your mouth then swallow the liquid. Take care to maintain excellent oral hygiene.
    • All objects put into a child’s mouth should be washed or sterilized after each use.
    • Breastfeeding mothers should be evaluated for Candida infection of the breast.
    • If you wear dentures, clean them thoroughly after each use and practice good oral hygiene.
    • Adults and older children have several treatment options not available to babies, such as troches (antifungal lozenges) or pills such as fluconazole (Diflucan) to help clear the infection in addition to nystatin.
  • Skin and diaper rash
    • Clotrimazole (Lotrimin) creams and lotions can be applied to superficial skin infections. Other medications require a prescription and a visit to your doctor.
    • Other antifungal creams, such as ketoconazole (Nizoral), which is available by prescription, is helpful as well.
    • For paronychia, a skin rash around the nails, avoiding moisture can be helpful. Oral itraconazole (Sporanox) or fluconazole (Diflucan) can also be helpful and can be prescribed by a doctor. Topical antifungal and topical corticosteroids are also used.
    • Perlèche is treated with topical antiyeast or antifungal agents, and often with a mild corticosteroid cream. Limit lip licking of the corners of the mouth. Placing a bit of petroleum jelly on top of the antiyeast agents can be helpful as well.
    • The affected area should be kept clean and dry.
    • For diaper rashes, frequent diaper changes and the use of barrier creams speed recovery .
    • Intertrigo can benefit from the use of nystatin powder, which decreases the amount of moisture and also acts as an antiyeast agent.

Medical Treatment


A wide array of treatment options is available to treat candidiasis. Options include creams, lotions, tablets or capsules, troches (lozenges), and vaginal suppositories or creams. Talk to your doctor to find the option that is right for you.

  • Azole medications are a family of antifungal drugs that end in the suffix “-azole.” They block the manufacture of ergosterol, a crucial material of the yeast cell wall. Without ergosterol, the yeast cell wall becomes leaky and the yeast die. Fortunately, ergosterol is not a component of human membranes, and azoles do not harm human cells.
  • Polyene antifungal medications include nystatin and amphotericin B. Nystatin is used for thrush and superficial candidal infections. Doctors reserve amphotericin B for more serious systemic fungal infections. The antifungals work by attaching to the yeast cell wall building material, ergosterol. These medications then form artificial holes in the yeast wall that cause the yeast to leak and die.

Breast yeast infection: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

A breast yeast infection is a type of inflammatory skin condition that develops in skin folds. A yeast infection, also called candidiasis, occurs when Candida yeasts grow uncontrollably.

A yeast infection can develop in many different parts of the body, including the:

  • mouth and throat
  • esophagus
  • vagina
  • penis
  • anus
  • skin

Candida yeasts are a type of fungus that lives naturally on the surface of the skin and inside the gastrointestinal tract, mouth, and vagina in up to 70% of healthy people.

Normal levels of Candida yeasts support overall health. However, having too much Candida can disrupt the delicate balance of microorganisms living in the body. A disruption in this balance can lead to candidiasis.

There are more than 150 species of Candida yeasts, but researchers believe that only about 20 of these species can cause infections.

Keep reading to find out more about breast yeast infection, including the symptoms, causes, and treatment options. We also discuss other similar conditions.

Share on PinterestA person with a breast yeast infection may experience a burning sensation on the breast.

A yeast infection can cause a shiny red rash either in the skin folds underneath and around the breasts or on the nipples.

As with yeast infections in other parts of the body, a yeast infection on the breasts can cause the following symptoms:

  • itching
  • burning
  • pain
  • patches of small round bumps
  • blisters or pustules that contain foul-smelling pus

Yeast infections underneath or around the breasts can cause intertrigo, a rash that develops in skin folds. Bacteria and fungi other than Candida can also cause intertrigo.

People who have a yeast infection will rarely transmit the infection to another person. In most cases, a person will only develop a yeast infection if an overgrowth of yeast occurs on or inside their body.

Although the majority of people develop intertrigo from Candida overgrowth, bacteria and other fungi can cause similar symptoms.

Several other conditions may also cause very similar symptoms. Other conditions that may resemble candidiasis of the skin or intertrigo include:

Diabetes may also lead to several skin conditions, some of which people may confuse with a breast yeast infection. Read more about these skin conditions here.

Candida yeasts thrive in warm, moist environments, such as the inside of the mouth, the intestines, and skin folds.

Women may develop a yeast infection on their breast while pregnant or breastfeeding.

Wearing poorly fitted shirts or bras can cause irritating friction against the skin or result in sweat becoming trapped in the folds of the skin.

Having excess body fat can create skin folds where yeast infections may develop.

Several factors can increase a person’s risk of developing a yeast infection on their breasts. These risk factors include:

People can treat yeast infections on the breast with over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription antifungal ointments, creams, and oral tablets.

Mild-to-moderate yeast infections typically clear up with the use of an OTC antifungal cream, such as clotrimazole (Mycelex). Keeping the affected skin clean and dry can help speed up the healing process and lower the risk of reinfection.

Severe yeast infections that do not respond to OTC treatments may require a stronger antifungal, such as ketoconazole (Nizoral), for which a prescription from a doctor is necessary.

People should speak with a doctor if they do not notice improvements after antifungal treatment or experience worsening symptoms.

Learn about home remedies that can reduce the symptoms of a yeast infection.

People who have a yeast infection on the breast may experience recurring infections.

People who have type 2 diabetes or a weakened immune system and women who are pregnant have an increased risk of developing yeast infections, according to the National Organization for Rare Disorders.

However, people can reduce their risk of developing a yeast infection by:

  • wearing breathable clothes and undergarments
  • washing thoroughly after swimming and working out
  • eating a balanced diet high in vegetables and fruits and low in simple carbohydrates and processed foods
  • maintaining a healthy body weight
  • managing underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, that may contribute to yeast infections

People can develop intertrigo under the breasts as a result of a breast yeast infection.

Yeast infections on the skin may resemble other skin conditions, such as eczema, dermatitis, or ringworm. A doctor can diagnose yeast infections by examining a skin sample for signs of yeast overgrowth.

People who have breast yeast infections can treat their symptoms with OTC or prescription antifungal medications.

Having a weakened immune system, living with diabetes, or being pregnant can increase a person’s risk of developing yeast infections.

People can speak with their doctor about lifestyle changes and medical treatments for recurring yeast infections.

Yeast Infection Under the Breast: Signs and Treatment

Candida is a yeast that lives both inside and outside of your body. It can be found in your gut, mouth, vagina, and on your skin.

This yeast particularly likes the warm, dark, moist folds of your skin, and the underside of your breasts is a prime place for it to take up residence. Under normal circumstances, Candida doesn’t cause any problems.

But in some people—because of things like underlying health conditions or the size of their breasts—skin can break down, causing a rash (called intertrigo). That rash can allow yeast to penetrate, causing a yeast infection under your breasts.

Yeast infections are technically fungal infections.

Kateryna Kon / Science Photo Library / Getty Images

What Does a Yeast Infection Under the Breasts Look Like?

A yeast skin rash can appear under the breasts and along the upper torso, where breast skin rubs against torso skin. In fact, the rash under a breast is often a mirror image of the rash on the other side of the skin fold. The rash also typically:

  • Appears red or reddish-brown
  • Is raised
  • Has oozing blisters and crusting
  • Is itchy
  • Causes pain

Causes and Risk Factors

Anyone can get a yeast infection on their skin, especially in a dark, moist area like under the breasts. But these skin rashes and infections tend to happen more frequently in certain groups of people. Some things that up your risk include:


When you have diabetes, your body either can’t make or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that keeps blood sugar in check. If blood sugar isn’t well controlled, yeast can overgrow on your skin, leading to a yeast infection.

Diabetes can also predispose you to infection because it’s thought that it may suppress your immune system, making it less able to mount an attack against foreign invaders, such as fungi like yeast, viruses, and bacteria that can cause infections.

Research shows that people with diabetes are more likely to develop infections of all kinds versus people without diabetes. 

Large Breasts

Large, heavy breasts—especially ones that aren’t well supported with a good bra—are more likely than small ones to rub against the skin of the upper torso, creating an intertrigo rash and possible yeast infection.

What’s more, the skin under large breasts may be harder to keep dry and well ventilated, setting the stage for a yeast infection.


People who are obese can have deep skin folds and may sweat more than those who weigh less, thanks to thick layers of fat under the skin. Both factors can lead to problems with yeast skin infections.


Skin can get—and stay—excessively moist in hot, humid environments, giving yeast ample opportunity to multiply and invade.


Tight clothing can rub against the skin, causing friction and a skin rash that allows yeast to invade. Undergarments, such as bras made of non-breathable or non-wicking fabric, can hold moisture next to the skin.

Bras that don’t lift and support allow for little cooling and drying ventilation under the breasts and can cause skin to rub against skin—yet more factors that can lead to intertrigo and a yeast infection. 


Because yeast is a fungus, yeast infections are treated with anti-fungal creams, ointments, and sprays.

Some anti-fungals are available over the counter (OTC), but in severe cases, your doctor may give you a prescription drug. Some of the medications used to treat skin yeast infections include:

  • Clotrimazole
  • Econazole
  • Ketoconazole
  • Miconazole
  • Tioconazole
  • Terbinafine
  • Amorolfine

If your rash is itchy, your doctor may prescribe a combination cream that contains an anti-fungal as well as a steroid to calm the itch. Most people see improvement in a week or so.


When it comes to yeast infections, the best defense is a good offense:

  • Keep skin under your breasts clean. Wash morning and night with a gentle soap.
  • Dry under the breasts thoroughly after bathing. Use a hairdryer on a cool setting to help get what a towel misses.
  • Talk to your doctor about using an over-the-counter anti-fungal or moisture-absorbing powder to fend off problems.
  • Wear a supportive cotton bra. You can even try wearing a cotton T-shirt under your bra.
  • Ventilate the skin when possible (that could mean going bra- and shirtless when in private).
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing.
  • Change out of wet or sweaty clothes promptly.
  • Lose weight if needed to help reduce the size of the breasts and limit skin friction.
  • Limit your intake of sugary foods and get your blood sugar under control if you have diabetes.

A Word From Verywell

Yeast is a naturally occurring fungus that can occasionally overgrow and cause skin infections—under the breasts and elsewhere on the body. These infections are typically easily treated with anti-fungals and are usually nothing to worry about.

Consult with your healthcare provider whenever you notice a rash so it can be properly diagnosed and treated. It’s particularly important to get your doctor’s input if the rash seems infected (it’s warm to the touch, for example, or it’s wet and oozing).

Intertrigo and Secondary Skin Infections

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Intertrigo [handout]. J Dermatol Nurses Assoc.

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Skin Yeast Infection – What You Need to Know

  1. CareNotes
  2. Skin Yeast Infection

This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action.


What do I need to know about a skin yeast infection?

Yeast is normally present on the skin. Infection happens when you have too much yeast, or when it gets into a cut on your skin. Certain types of mold and fungus can cause a yeast infection. A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds. Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. Examples include between skin folds or under the breasts.

What increases my risk for a skin yeast infection?

  • Elderly age, especially as skin gets thinner and tears more easily
  • Obesity that causes skin folds where moisture can collect
  • Diapers that are not changed regularly and allow moisture to sit on your baby’s skin
  • Diabetes, especially if it is not controlled
  • Bedrest that allows moisture to collect on your skin
  • Immune system problems
  • Certain medicines, including antibiotics or medicines that weaken your immune system
  • Pregnancy or hormone changes
  • Moisture left on your feet or between your toes after you bathe, or that builds up under a ring you wear

What are the signs and symptoms of a skin yeast infection?

Signs and symptoms will depend on the type of yeast causing the infection, and where the infection is located.

  • Red, scaly skin
  • Changes in skin color, especially a beefy red color
  • Itching, dry skin
  • Painful, cracking skin at the corners of your mouth
  • Thick, discolored, chipping nails
  • Skin lesions that may be red or purple and round
  • Pus bumps

How is a skin yeast infection diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider may know you have a skin yeast infection from your signs and symptoms. He may take a sample of your skin to check for fungus. He may also look at areas of your skin under ultraviolet light to show which type of yeast infection you have. You may be given an antifungal cream or ointment to treat the infection. You may be given antifungal medicine as a pill if your infection is severe.

How do I care for the skin near the infection?

You may only have discolored patches of skin, or areas that are dry and flaking. Care for these skin problems as directed by your healthcare provider. If you have painful skin or an open sore, you will need to protect the skin and prevent damage. You will also need to keep the skin dry as much as possible. Ask your healthcare provider how to care for your skin while the infection clears. The following are general guidelines for caring for painful or open skin:

  • Keep the skin clean. Ask your healthcare provider if you should wash with mild soap and water. Do not use soap that contains alcohol. Alcohol can dry and irritate the skin and make symptoms worse. Your baby’s healthcare provider may tell you to use diaper cream or ointment when you change his diaper. This will protect the skin and prevent moisture from collecting.
  • Keep the skin dry. Pat the area dry with a towel. Do not rub, because this may irritate the skin. If you have a skin yeast infection between skin folds, lift the top part gently and hold it while you dry between your skin folds. Always dry your feet completely after you swim or bathe, including between your toes. Dry your skin if you are sweating from exercise or exposure to heat. Use a clean towel each time to prevent spreading or continuing the infection.
  • Keep the skin protected. Ask your healthcare provider if you should cover the area with a bandage or leave it open. Check your skin each day to make sure you do not have new or worsening problems. You may need to have someone check the skin if you cannot see the area easily.

What can I do to prevent a skin yeast infection?

  • Do not share clothing or towels
  • Wear shower shoes if you need to use a public shower
  • Dry your feet completely after you bathe, and apply antifungal powder or cream as directed
  • Put on socks before you get dressed so you do not spread fungus from your feet
  • Wear light clothing that allows air to get to your skin
  • Manage your weight to prevent skin folds where yeast can collect
  • Manage diabetes
  • Change your baby’s diaper often, and keep the area clean and dry as much as possible
  • Use a diaper cream or ointment that contains zinc oxide or dimethicone on your baby’s diaper area as directed

When should I seek immediate care?

  • You have signs of infection, such as pus, warmth or red streaks coming from the wound, or a fever.

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

  • Your symptoms worsen or do not get better within 7 to 10 days.
  • You have new or returning signs of a skin yeast infection after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2021 Information is for End User’s use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

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Candida – Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Candida is the scientific name for a genus of fungi. Candida infections, also called candidiasis, are often referred to as yeast or fungal infections. When they occur in the mouth and throat, Candida infections are called thrush. The most common sites of infection include the mouth and throat, the genitals, and moist skin folds. Candida can also cause a systemic, or body-wide, infection, but this is very rare, occurring in less than 0.1% of cases every year in the United States (Source:

Candida can cause inflammation in the infected tissues. Cutaneous, or skin, Candida infections tend to appear as red, weepy, scaly areas. Candida infections can also cause pus-filled bumps. In the mouth and throat, the infection often forms thick, white patches. Genital Candida infections often produce a thick, white vaginal discharge.

Candida occurs naturally in the environment and may also be present on skin surfaces, in the mouth and digestive tract, and in the vagina without causing problems. However, infections can occur in otherwise healthy people when they take antibiotics or have areas of skin that are constantly moist. People with weakened immune systems are at higher risk of developing Candida infections, including systemic infections.

Treated appropriately, Candida infections often resolve, although they may recur.

Candida infections are rarely serious or life threatening unless they are systemic infections.
Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms, such as fever and chills that don’t improve, confusion, lethargy, loss or change in level of consciousness, seizure, decreased urine output, rapid heart rate, chest pain, severe abdominal pain, and unusual irritability or poor feeding in a child.

Seek prompt medical care if you have never had a
Candida infection before and believe you have one, if you are being treated for
Candida but symptoms recur or are persistent, or if you have any other concerns. Also seek prompt medical care if you have fevers and chills that are not responsive to therapy or have difficulty swallowing.

90,000 Fungal diseases on the skin of the body

Full description

Unfortunately, the ailments caused by fungi are not always treated with due responsibility, preferring to ignore the characteristic symptoms of pathology and hope for self-elimination of the problem that has arisen.

Fungal infections most often occur on the outer cover of the body, which makes it easier to identify the type of disease and the fungus that parasitizes in the body.The main source of nutrition for fungi is the protein keratin, which is found in large quantities in our skin and its derivatives (hair and nails), which explains the localization of pathogenic microflora on the surface of the epidermis.

Particular attention should be paid to places where the skin is the thinnest, most delicate and vulnerable, since too dense skin makes it difficult for the fungi to feed, acting as an obstacle to the production of keratin. Fungi most commonly appear in the armpits, under the knees, chest, groin, and hairline.

Dermatologists classify the types of pathogenic fungi that can parasitize humans into several genera.

Fungi of the genus Microsporum, which include fungal microorganisms such as Trichophyton and Epidermophyton, are the most common human fungal parasites. They cause different types of diseases, which are combined into a general group of diseases called dermatomycosis.

They constantly inhabit the human body, but usually do not detect their presence, since they are part of the microflora of the body.Their pathological effect on the cells of the skin and on the general state of health in general is manifested in the case of a decrease in the strength of the immune defense, which can be influenced by various external and internal factors.

Fungi of the genus Candida, which are a genus of yeast-like microorganisms, are the second most common fungi on the human skin after fungi of the genus Microsporum. Yeast-like fungi can cause a number of diseases, which doctors combine into the general group of candidomycosis.Candida affects the upper layers of the skin, hair follicles, nail plates and ridges, as well as the mucous membranes of external and internal organs, therefore, these microorganisms can cause both local and systemic diseases of the Candidomycosis class.

The fungus of the genus Malassezia furfur is a classic yeast-like causative agent of diseases such as keratomycosis, which most often occurs on the surface layer of the skin called the epidermis, and this yeast-like fungus can also affect hair follicles in the deeper layers of the skin.Malassezia furfur is a pathogenic microorganism, the activation of which leads to the development of diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis versicolor.
Molds Mucor, Thamnidium, Rhizopus, Sclerotina, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Aspergillus, as well as Alternaria are recorded by our dermatologists on the human skin rather rarely, since these microorganisms are more typical for countries and areas with a tropical type of climate. They mainly affect the integumentary tissues of the nail plates of the hands and feet, as well as the surface layers of the skin.

The presence of a fungus on human skin is rarely detected immediately from the moment of infection, since in fungal infections the initial period of development is characterized by the absence of any external manifestations, which makes it difficult to establish an accurate diagnosis. When the symptoms of parasitizing the fungus begin to appear, it is necessary to immediately seek the advice of a dermatologist in order to prevent further development of the pathological process, since infectious diseases are difficult to treat at later stages of the course.

The symptoms of diseases that cause different genera of pathological fungi are quite similar to each other, but an experienced doctor is able to conduct a high-quality medical examination, which will help to establish the type of pathogen of the disease, as well as take the necessary tests to detect the source of the pathology. For a more reliable and effective elimination of fungal infection, it must be remembered that self-medication can be not only ineffective, but also lead to unpredictable consequences, aggravating the problem of fungal infection.

The following characteristic signs may indicate the pathological activity of the fungus on the skin: a general deterioration in the condition and appearance of the skin, the appearance of areas devoid of pigmentation on the epidermis, the appearance of round or oval zones with bright red edges, which are slightly raised above the relief of the skin, a constant burning sensation and itching, suddenly appearing peeling zones on the skin, covering the epidermis with a crust, the appearance of vesicles filled with liquid that burst and leave behind open wet wounds, frequent separation of pieces of skin from the surface of the integumentary tissues, sudden thinning of the hair, dry hair fibers, white flour-like plaque on delicate areas of the skin, for example, in the folds between the skin of the fingers.

The presence of a fungus in the body can also be evidenced by frequent damage to the skin that occurs for no apparent reason, for example, scratches, microcracks, abrasions and wounds. This indicates that the protective function of the epidermis is impaired, and the skin has become more susceptible to mechanical, chemical and biological influences. Ignoring the symptoms of the pathological activity of the skin fungus can lead to a decrease in the strength of the protective barrier of the skin, which is fraught with infection with various infections and diseases.

The specific influence of pathogenic fungal microorganisms can be determined by varicose veins, but this symptom is often classified as secondary, so it can act as a confirmation of the main characteristic signs.

The fungus can spread to nearby areas of the skin, therefore it is important to limit and prevent the development of fungal infection. Areas of constant friction, such as the inner thighs and armpits, are especially at risk, so it is best to wear clothing that does not completely encircle the body and restrict movement during treatment.

Treatment of fungal diseases of the skin is classified by dermatologists as local or external, general or systemic, as well as combined. After eliminating the infection itself, it is often necessary to also remove its consequences, that is, the waste products of the skin fungus, which includes antifungal treatment of personal belongings, bed linen and wardrobe items to prevent re-infection with mycelium of fungal microorganisms that they leave on the things of an infected person.

Treatment with external agents is prescribed by the attending physician if a fungal disease is detected at the initial stages of development, when the parasitic fungus on the human body has not yet acquired a destructive character. For this purpose, fungicidal or antifungal agents are used for external treatment of the integumentary tissues affected by the fungus, for example, ointments, suspensions, creams, gels, emulsions, drops, powders and lotions.

The advantage of using antifungal agents for external use is that the active ingredients and chemicals in the composition of the drug do not interact with the whole body and do not penetrate into the bloodstream, respectively, they have a very limited number of contraindications and side effects.

General treatment is prescribed by a dermatologist in case of significant progression of a fungal disease, for example, when a person suffering from a skin fungus see a doctor at a later stage of the infection. General treatment includes oral medication (immunostimulating therapy with antifungal drugs). It is more dangerous and unpredictable than treatment with local remedies, since it can affect the hormonal background and the general condition of the internal organs of a person, since the medicine is carried with the bloodstream throughout the body.

Treatment of a skin fungus can take from several weeks to several months. It is very important to complete the course of treatment, even if the visible signs of the disease have disappeared, since fungal infections are recurrent diseases and can come back again and again. For effective treatment, you must first eliminate the inflammatory process, and then proceed directly to the removal of the fungal infection itself.

Fungal diseases of the skin, hair, nails – mycoses

Fungal lesions of the skin and its appendages (hair, nails) are so common that their frequency is comparable to the incidence of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.The greatest concern among doctors is caused by deep mycoses – fungal infections of internal organs. They often serve as a serious complication in cancer and AIDS.

But in most cases, dermatologists diagnose superficial lesions:

  • mycoses of smooth skin ;
  • fungal diseases of the hair;
  • nail mycosis, or onychomycosis .

According to statistics, more than 90% of the world’s population have encountered fungal infections at least once in their lives.And it is completely wrong to consider these diseases incurable – they can and should be combated.


Of course, only a qualified doctor should diagnose mycoses. Often, having found redness in the groin fold or under the breast, a person considers it a normal skin irritation and begins self-medication. Even potent drugs can be used, for example, glucocorticosteroid hormones in the form of ointments. At first, such therapy is capable of giving a weak positive effect, but then inevitably leads to a worsening of the condition, the appearance of suppuration and ulceration.

The clinical manifestations of fungal infections are diverse. So, for example, changes in the thickness and shade of nails in very wide ranges can serve as symptoms of onychomycosis. Therefore, if you find disturbing changes on the skin, nail plates or hair, you should immediately seek help and examination from a specialist.

Diagnosis of mycoses begins, first of all, with the examination of the patient. Then the doctor “CM-Clinic” will make a test scraping from the affected skin area or take a part of the nail.These materials will be used for sowing on a nutrient medium. As a result, the dermatologist will accurately determine the type of fungus, which means he will be able to choose the most effective drugs.

Diabetes mellitus, overweight and other disorders of the endocrine system can complicate the treatment of fungal diseases . It is also important to fight against dysbiosis, since the pathological microflora in the gastrointestinal tract can prevent the final cure even in the case of a properly selected therapy regimen.That is why, before prescribing any antifungal drugs, the dermatologist of the Ryazan branch of “SM-Clinic” will send you for a consultation with an endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, gynecologist and other narrow specialists.

Features of selected fungal diseases

An unpleasant symptom of mycoses can be a violation of the immune system. Chronic fungal infection is a constant threat that the immune system tries to suppress.And in such conditions, allergization of the body often develops – a person suddenly notices unusual reactions to food, any chemicals.

microsporia is considered a rather difficult pathology for therapy. This is mycosis caused by a fungus of the M. canis species, which is sometimes called shingles. This infection occurs in almost all countries of the world, children are more susceptible to it, and the incidence increases in the autumn months. Microsporia is carried by cats and, more rarely, dogs.Mycosis is transmitted to humans through contact with affected animals or through household items on which cat or dog hair is left. The causative agent of mycoses species M. canis, being in the soil, is able to remain infectious for a month, and on clothes and other things (with animal hair) – up to a year.

Fungal lesions of toenails or nails or hands has its own name – onychomycosis. It often develops in conditions of weakened immunity:

  • with AIDS;
  • in old age;
  • for oncopathologies;
  • for endocrine disorders.

Onychomycosis is not just a cosmetic defect, but a serious disease. The fungi that cause it can produce toxins and even cause the development of bronchial asthma. Therefore, it is imperative to treat mycosis of the nails.

Very often fungal diseases are susceptible to the skin of the feet , in particular, in the areas between the toes. Risk factors in this case are:

  • visits to public baths or saunas;
  • use of general footwear;
  • playing sports in swimming pools or gyms;
  • Injury to the nail and the skin around it with too narrow shoes;
  • deformities of the toes;
  • flat feet.

Particularly significant factors are the increased humidity and temperature in which the foot is constantly located. They create favorable conditions for the growth and development of the fungus. That is why skin lesions by it are extremely common in subtropical and tropical climates.

If you want to learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of mycoses or intend to sign up for a consultation with a dermatologist of the Ryazan branch of “CM-Clinic”, call us at tel.: +7 (4912) 77-67-51 or leave a request on the website.

What does a fungus look like on the skin: photos, symptoms and treatment

Why are many readers interested in what a fungus looks like on the skin? Yes, all because various forms of mycoses are one of the most common diseases of modern humans. The category of pathologies, conventionally designated by the word “fungus”, includes dozens of different ailments of the skin. In order to recognize the problem in time and start treatment, you need to know for sure what a fungus looks like on the skin, and be able to distinguish it from other dermatological diseases.

The cause of fungal diseases are pathogenic microorganisms, yeast spores. All pathogens of mycoses are united by common signs, while the infection can manifest itself in different ways. This is the main reason why there is no single treatment regimen.

Where can fungus occur

Most often, mycoses affect the lower extremities, judging by the numerous photos. What does fungus look like on the skin of the feet? Infected areas of the epidermis are in many ways similar to allergic and eczematous manifestations.Mycosis can occur on the skin of the hands, scalp, abdomen, and back. Some types of fungus affect the nail plates and mucous membranes.

It is important to remember that such diseases are contagious. The infection quickly spreads to other healthy areas, and can also pass from a sick person to a healthy one. The fungus significantly reduces the comfort of life of an infected person in physical and psychological terms, since it entails a deterioration in well-being and appearance.In rare advanced cases, a mycotic infection can affect the entire body and lead to serious complications.

There is a widespread misconception that fungus is an exclusively external problem, a kind of external defect. In fact, the disease affects not only the skin, nails, hair. By themselves, fungal spores are part of the human microflora present inside the body and on the skin, but the disease manifests itself only when the number of these microorganisms exceeds the norm.The infection strikes under the most favorable conditions for it, therefore, treatment should be started immediately, as soon as the slightest changes on the nails, skin, hair become noticeable.

Stages of the disease

All fungal diseases with which patients turn to a dermatologist develop according to the same principle. As soon as the fungal spore enters the healthy epidermis, it immediately begins to actively act. And if for certain types of infection a long incubation period is characteristic, then most types of fungus grow and multiply very quickly.

Malicious microorganisms can stay in “dormant mode” for several weeks, months, and sometimes years, but as soon as the human immune system fails, the disease is activated. The patient will immediately understand what the fungus looks like on the skin. On the back, for example, the focus of infection may go completely unnoticed, but on the hands, feet, face, abdomen, it is impossible to confuse the fungus with other dermatological diseases.

And although absolutely all mycoses are infectious, this does not mean that infection will inevitably occur upon contact with a sick person or animal.Susceptibility to disease depends on the individual functioning of the immune system.

Characteristic symptoms

Now let’s try to determine what the fungus looks like on the skin of the legs or other parts of the body. More often it manifests itself as peeling of the skin, layering of scales, changes in the structure or thickening of the upper layer of the epidermis. Mycosis can be accompanied by severe inflammation, swelling. Itching is also a common symptom with a fungus – the reason for scratching the affected skin.

The clinical picture does not depend on the age of the patient: in both children and adults, the fungus on the skin looks exactly the same.In the photo, as a rule, significant differences are not noticeable. Symptoms depend on the location of the fungal infection. For example, with mycoses of the scalp, patients inevitably change the intensity of sebum secretion. In some patients, the scalp becomes oily, while in others it is too dry.

Nail fungus leads to thickening of the plates, the appearance of yellowness. They become covered with spots and grooves. If you start the disease, the affected nail can easily move away from the bed.

Another common symptom for all types of fungal infection is redness of the skin in the form of a well-defined ring with a lightened area in the middle. In the interior of the affected lesion, pustules and vesicles with scales may form.

On feet

What does a skin fungus look like? From the photo, not a single doctor will make a final diagnosis and prescribe treatment. To make sure there is an infection on the skin of the legs, the patient will have to undergo a laboratory examination. Usually, the assumption of a fungus is confirmed by positive test results, if there is severe inflammation, peeling of the skin on the sole or between the toes, severe itching is felt.With mycoses, a pungent unpleasant odor emanates from the feet of patients, the cause of which lies in the decay of waste products of pathogenic microflora.

The formation of small blisters in the lesion may indicate the progression of the fungus on the skin. What does an infection look like if left untreated? After a while, the affected areas will become more and more, then they will turn into erosion, rejecting the epidermal layer. The constant burning sensation of the skin, the formation of blisters in the interdigital spaces cause serious discomfort and impair normal well-being.

Forms of fungal diseases

Mycoses run in different ways. The disease can manifest itself as follicular-nodular and erythematous-squamous formations on the skin. What does a fungus look like on the body in the first case? The follicular-nodular form is considered more severe. This type of mycosis is developing rapidly. It is characterized by deep lesions of the epidermis of any localization – on the limbs, back, scalp. What does a fungus look like? Infected sites outwardly resemble erythema nodosum.

The second type of disease is distinguished by externally squamous skin lesions, which are always accompanied by severe itching. The foci of infection are located on the patient’s body in a certain order, sometimes forming a kind of “garland”. This form of fungal disease is not completely cured. The disease is aggravated in the warm season.

Thrush is also a fungus

The human body does not differ in increased resistance to yeast strains, therefore, candidiasis is one of the most common fungal diseases.The causative agents of the disease are microorganisms that are normally present on the skin of each of us. When the composition of the microflora is disturbed, opportunistic microorganisms often affect the mucous membranes, and sometimes the epidermis. For example, thrush occurs in the skin folds of infants, overweight adults and excessive sweating. Candida-infected tissues become inflamed, darken, red or brownish.

What is lichen?

This ailment belongs to fungal diseases of the skin.Lichen is of several types (ringworm, microsporia, pink, pityriasis, etc.). The disease manifests itself with brown and pink spots on open areas of the body. Often, lichen lesions are highly flaky. This type of fungus does not cause itching and inflammation, but gradually the lichen spots spread throughout the body and increase in size, merging with each other. Most often, the infection is diagnosed in the back, chest, arms and legs.

Signs of trichophytosis

Having never seen the external symptoms of the disease, one can easily imagine what a fungus looks like on the skin of the hands.Unlike normal athlete’s foot, ringworm is the most contagious. The disease affects not only the epidermis, but also the hair and nails. Small round spots with whitish or grayish dandruff-like scales form on the skin. Foci of infection can be single or multiple. Ringworm causes strands of hair to thin. At the site of localization of the fungus, the hair breaks off at the very roots. It seems that the patient was cut short, therefore the disease is called “ringworm”.

At the site of hair thinning, the skin has a red tint, and small blisters, covered with yellowish crusts, appear around the lesion. In this case, the size of lichen spots can be different (on average, from 3 to 7 cm). Trichophytosis is not accompanied by inflammation, so the patient experiences not so much physical as psychological discomfort. Ringworm is a consequence of the activity of the parasitic fungi Microsporumcanis and Trichophyton tonsurans. Pets and livestock are carriers of the infection.The most susceptible to infection and the development of the disease are children, people with weakened immunity. The risk of catching the fungus is much higher in the presence of open wounds, scratches, abrasions on the contact areas of the body.

How to distinguish rubromycosis

This type of fungal infection is considered the most common among patients who do not follow the rules of hygiene. Rubromycosis is chronic. A distinctive feature of this type of fungus is a long incubation period. The infection penetrates deep into the epidermis, which has a smooth surface or is covered with vellus hair.Usually, the disease manifests itself with severe itching in the area of ​​the interdigital folds. If untreated, the fungus spreads to the feet and sole. What does fungus look like on the skin of your fingers? The typical symptom is soft pinkish scales.

Diagnostic Methods

Even if you know what a fungus looks like on human skin, you cannot diagnose yourself and self-medicate yourself. Therapy will be effective only if it is possible to correctly identify the causative agent of the disease and select the appropriate drugs.In some cases, attempts to cope with the fungus on their own are futile or further exacerbate the problem.

To make a correct diagnosis, the dermatologist will refer the patient for examination. It is important to remember that fungal infections can affect many parts of the human body. Spores can be located on the surface of mucous membranes and internal organs, therefore, in addition to laboratory scrapings, which can determine the type of pathogen, patients may be prescribed additional tests.

An experienced specialist is able to identify the type of mycosis by the localization of the affected tissues and the appearance of the focus of infection. The dermatologist will be able to preliminarily determine the disease from the photo. Any doctor knows what a fungus looks like on the skin of the hands, but no doctor will prescribe treatment without waiting for the results of the examination.

Is it possible to get rid of the infection

Despite the fact that the fungus on the skin of the face looks, as a rule, unaesthetic, the patient has every chance of being cured of it.And although the disease is difficult to treat, which is associated with a depressed state of the immune system, today there are many drugs that help to overcome the infection.

In the treatment of fungus today, new generation medicines and antimicrobial agents are used, which have already proven themselves. Some of them completely eliminate disputes. Others work to stop the spread of the infection. The combined use of such drugs increases the chances of a speedy recovery.

In addition to the use of antimycotic drugs, the treatment of fungus on the skin should include the treatment of the patient’s clothing to prevent re-infection of family members. Also, strict adherence to the rules of personal hygiene plays an important role in the treatment and prevention of mycosis.

Topical preparations

Remember what a fungus looks like on the skin of the face? The photo is not able to convey all the cosmetic defects, and yet it becomes clear: any person suffering from fungus in open areas of the body wants to regain a healthy appearance.For this purpose, external preparations are used. They come in liquid, dry form. A wide range of ointments, lotions, sprays, powders allows you to choose a product that is suitable for the principle of action and price for each individual.

Among medicinal local preparations, such pharmaceutical products as Triderm, Nitrofungin, Lotriderm, Mikozolon, Exoderil deserve special attention. These are combination ointments that can be applied to the skin of any part of the body. They contain hormonal anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial components.

What does a fungus look like on the skin of toes during an exacerbation? It is impossible to look at the affected integuments of a sick person without sympathy. To start the process of eradicating the infection as quickly as possible, you will need medications that act specifically against fungal spores. These include “Fluconazole”, “Clotrimazole”, “Lamisil”, “Intraconazole”. These are drugs from the group of azoles and allylamines. Their analogues are “Naftifin”, “Terbinafin”. In complicated cases, systemic medications are used, which are produced in injectable and tablet form.

At advanced stages, the fight against mycoses by local means alone is ineffective. However, whatever medications are prescribed, it is important that the patient is under the constant supervision of specialists.

Why treatment doesn’t always work

If, after several months of therapy, the patient still cannot forget what a fungus of the skin of the legs or other part of the body looks like, the treatment tactics should be adjusted and the lifestyle should be revised. Often, infected people themselves do not take their disease seriously, are in no hurry to seek help from doctors or try to get rid of the fungus with unverified folk remedies, following the advice of friends.You cannot experiment with treatment! Positive results can only be achieved with the help of specialists. Moreover, in no case should you quit the course of therapy, after waiting for the first improvements. Getting rid of skin fungus takes a lot of time and patience.

Alternative methods

Folk medicines are not strong enough to cope with the infection without the use of medications, but if you suspect you have mycosis (what a fungus looks like on the skin of the hands, feet, head, described in detail above), you do not need to rush headlong into the pharmacy and buy the first ones that come across ointments, sprays, tablets.Along with pharmaceutical preparations for fungal infections, folk remedies can be used. Their advantage lies in the naturalness of the components and the absence of side effects. In addition, home remedies help speed up the healing process and relieve symptoms of the disease.

Along with antimycotic drugs, dermatologists recommend using reliable and safe drugs. They are prepared at home. These medicines are based on medicinal plants and common food products with antimicrobial properties.For example, the following recipes are popular:

  • Garlic ointment. To prepare it, you will need to mix equal amounts of chopped garlic and butter. Send the prepared mass to the refrigerator and wait until it cools down. It is necessary to apply the product 3-4 times a day, applying to the affected skin.
  • Soda trays. Dissolve soda in warm water (for 500 ml of water, 1 tsp. Soda). Dip your feet or hands into the solution for 10-15 minutes. The procedure is carried out every day before bedtime.
  • Onion compress. Apply a gauze bandage soaked in freshly squeezed onion juice to infected areas and keep for 20-30 minutes.
  • Mint compress. Grind and grind the leaves of the plant with table salt. Spread the resulting gruel on the diseased parts of the body, cover with a bandage and leave to act for an hour. After completing the procedure, take a shower and dry yourself with a towel.
  • Horsetail infusion. In a glass of boiling water, brew 2 tbsp. l. plants and let it brew for 12 hours.With the finished brew, you need to wipe the affected skin several times a day.
  • Lilac alcohol tincture. It is necessary to prepare the medicine according to the principle described above, only vodka should be used instead of water. The flowers are poured with alcohol and left for a couple of weeks, then filtered and sore spots are treated.
  • Propolis tincture. You can use the product that is sold in every pharmacy only if you are not allergic to honey. An alcoholic solution is used to wipe the foci of infection in the morning and in the evening.

Who is at risk

A fungal infection can affect anyone, regardless of lifestyle and social status. Mycosis easily spreads to healthy tissues in immunocompromised patients. The most common route of transmission of the fungus is through contact and household. Most often, the infection is transmitted to those who use other people’s hygiene devices, someone else’s shoes. Pathogenic microorganisms live in slippers, bed linen, towels and other personal hygiene items (manicure tools, combs, hairpins).

All fungi take root in places of high humidity. Thus, mycosis is easiest to get infected in public places: toilets, swimming pools, locker rooms, gyms, hotels, beaches, beauty salons, etc. The infection can even settle in home walls if you don’t keep order and cleanliness. Are more prone to developing fungal diseases of the person who suffer:

  • allergies;
  • HIV infection;
  • endocrine system disorders;
  • 90,052 obese;

  • disorders of the nervous system;
  • mental disorders;
  • by helminthic invasion.

In addition, susceptibility to fungal infections can be inherited from parents. Mycoses of various forms are often diagnosed in patients who have undergone chemotherapy and antibiotic treatment in the recent past. Excessive sweating, lack of normal sanitary and hygienic conditions are the main predisposing factors for the appearance of fungus on the skin. An unfavorable environmental situation can also contribute to the spread of infection.

Preventive measures

To reduce the risk of skin infection with a mycotic infection, it is important to reconsider your lifestyle and always follow basic hygiene rules.After taking a shower, the skin must be carefully selected with a towel dry. Particular attention should be paid to skin folds, places between fingers, etc.

Those who regularly visit the pool, sauna, public baths need to wear rubber slates and a special hat. If one of the family members is infected with the fungus, the rest of the household should also take care of their safety. It is important to regularly change bedding, wash socks every day, and do wet cleaning.In the presence of a ringworm focus, the first step in treating skin fungus on the patient’s body should be to disinfect the headgear. By the way, the treatment is carried out for preventive purposes.

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90,000 Fungal diseases – causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Fungal lesions (mycoses) – a group of diseases based on infection of the skin, mucous membranes, nails, hair caused by pathogenic fungi.Common manifestations are peeling, oozing, inflammation of the skin, layering of scales, severe itching, thickening and changes in the structure of the skin, nails, hair. When scratching – the addition of a secondary infection and suppuration. Diseases are contagious, significantly reduce the quality of human life, causing physical and psychological discomfort, cosmetic problems. Generalized fungal infection of the whole organism may occur.

General information

Fungal diseases is a group of skin diseases caused by filamentous fungi, infection occurs through contact with a sick person or with objects seeded with spores; some of the fungal diseases are caused by saprophytic microflora, which is pathogenic with a decrease in the protective functions of the body.


Keratomycosis is called fungal diseases, in which fungi are localized in the stratum corneum and do not affect the skin appendages, keratomycosis, as a rule, are not contagious. These include diseases such as pityriasis versicolor, erythrasma and actinomycosis.

Pityriasis versicolor versicolor is one of the most commonly diagnosed fungal skin diseases. Clinically manifests itself as pinkish-brown spots with slight pityriasis desquamation.It is localized on the skin of the neck, chest, back and shoulders, no inflammatory reactions from the altered skin are observed. Diagnose in adolescents and middle-aged people. Excessive sweating contributes to infection with this and other fungal diseases. The lesions are scalloped and tend to merge due to peripheral growth. The skin affected by this fungal disease is unable to transmit ultraviolet light, which is harmful to microorganisms. On tanned skin, you can see the flaky top layer of the dermis, under which the secondary leukoderma develops.Relapses usually peak in the spring. Pityriasis versicolor is diagnosed by clinical manifestations and by means of a test with iodine – when the lesion is lubricated, the scales acquire a more intense color. To confirm the diagnosis and exclude other fungal diseases, a scraping study is performed. The fungus affects the mouth of the follicle, and therefore it is not possible to achieve a complete cure.

Ointments containing terbinofine and intraconazole, with prolonged use, eliminate the symptoms of multi-colored lichen, but therapy should be comprehensive, it is recommended to avoid wearing other people’s clothing, during treatment, carefully observe the rules of personal hygiene, and during periods of remission, use cosmetic preparations with an antifungal effect.

Actinomycosis is a chronic fungal skin disease, its causative agent is a radiant fungus, which is widespread in nature on cereals, so people who work in mills, in agricultural complexes and in bakeries are at risk. Damage to internal organs is possible if the spores of the radiant fungus enter through the mouth. The skin and tissues affected by a fungal disease are infiltrated, the infiltrate is dense, prone to peripheral spread, granulation can be observed along the edges.The diagnosis is made on the basis of anamnesis, clinical picture and microscopy, if necessary, a bacteriological examination is carried out.

Therapy of actinomycosis should be complex, since this type of fungus causes not only fungal diseases of the skin, but also affects the internal organs. Antibiotic therapy is indicated after sensitivity determination, irradiation of the affected areas, transfusion of blood components and, in extreme cases, surgical excision of tissues. Compliance with personal hygiene, using only your combs and hats, washing hands and body after contact with animals, as well as treating diseases that reduce immunity are the only prevention of keratomycosis.


Dermatophytosis are chronic fungal diseases of the skin with damage to the epidermis, in connection with which there is an inflammatory reaction on the part of the skin. The most common fungal diseases of this group are trichophytosis, microsporia, favus and mycoses of the feet (epidermophytosis).

Trichophytosis caused by an anthropophilic fungus causes superficial lesions, and zoophilic trichophytosis manifests itself in an infiltrative-suppurative form. The source of infection is sick people, animals and objects seeded with fungal spores.

This fungal disease is characterized by limited rounded lesions on the scalp, brittle hair and slight flaking of the skin. In children, trichophytosis usually goes away by the period of puberty, while adults often suffer from chronic forms. Middle-aged women are at risk. Hypovitaminosis, endocrine disorders also increase the likelihood of illness upon contact with the pathogen. Trichophytosis affects the scalp, smooth skin and nails.

Microsporia – a fungal skin disease, clinically similar to trichophytosis, externally manifests itself in the form of intersecting rings of vesicles, crusts and nodules, if the scalp is affected by microsporia, the lesions tend to transition to smooth skin. Itching and other subjective sensations are absent.

Microscopy shows the mycelium of the fungus, changes in the skin and hair characteristic of fungal lesions, but it is impossible to differentiate microsporia from trichophytosis.If accurate differentiation is required, then they resort to cultural diagnostics.

Usually, the treatment of fungal diseases from the group of dermatophytosis is carried out by doctors-mycologists or dermatologists in a hospital. Antifungal drugs are shown, such as Fungoterbin, Exifin, the drugs are taken daily until the first negative microscopic examination, and then they switch to maintenance doses. The hair in the lesions is shaved off and treated with iodine tincture, and at night they make applications with sulfur-salicylic ointment.

Favus is a fungal disease that affects the skin, scalp, nails and sometimes internal organs. The contagiousness of this fungal disease is average, mainly children and women are ill, most often there are family foci of infection.

Clinically manifested by the appearance of scutula around the hair, scutula is a yellowish crust with a saucer-shaped impression, the skin in the lesion is hyperemic. Over time, the scutules merge and form a single crust with an unpleasant musty odor.Hair grows dull and thinner. With a prolonged course of a fungal disease, hair loss and post-alphabetic baldness are observed. Diagnosis is by clinical presentation and culture.

With favus therapy, a good effect is given by course treatment with modern antifungal drugs – ketoconazole, terbinafine, itraconazole, the course of treatment is at least a month, the dosage is selected based on the severity of the lesion. The hair in the lesion is shaved off, Salicylic ointment is used as an application for the night to soften the scutulum.In the morning, the scalp is treated with iodine solutions.

Fungal diseases of the feet are widespread. The risk group includes people with excessive sweating of the feet, neglecting personal hygiene, athletes and visitors to saunas, swimming pools, public beaches. Dry skin of the feet, a tendency to cracking, wearing rubber shoes and endocrine disorders contribute to the development of fungal diseases, since healthy, intact skin is less susceptible to infection. With the erased form of fungal diseases of the feet, slight peeling, redness and itching in the interdigital folds are observed; after contact with water, the symptoms may increase.In the absence of treatment, the arches of the feet are involved in the process and the squamous form of fungal diseases of the feet is diagnosed. The skin thickens, calluses appear, sometimes hyperemia, patients complain of itching and burning.

In dyshidrotic forms of fungal diseases of the feet, mainly the arches of the foot are affected, tense large bubbles with a dense film appear, non-healing painful erosions appear in the places of the opened bubbles, the skin around the affected area is swollen and hyperemic, pain syndrome and itching are clearly expressed.On contact with water, cutting pains.

The interginous form of fungal diseases is manifested by maceration, eroded cracks of varying depth, pain and itching. With rubromycosis of the feet, the affected skin is dry with mucoid peeling, the skin pattern is pronounced, the lesions have scalloped outlines.

The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical manifestations, interviewing the patient and, if required, culture analysis is performed to identify the exact type of fungus.

Treatment of fungal diseases of the feet depends on the pathogen, the affected area and the severity of the process.Long-term use of antifungal drugs, with rubromycosis, itraconazole, terbinafine are taken for long courses. Medical treatment of the feet is carried out with antifungal ointments. For the treatment of skin and nails, an alternation of antifungal ointments and cooling lotions is shown; in the absence of erosion, solutions of iodine and fucarcinum are used. Additionally, laser treatment of fungal diseases of the feet is prescribed.

Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, washing feet after visiting saunas, swimming pools, beaches, combating increased sweating, wearing cotton socks and shoes for the season is the only prevention of fungal diseases of the feet.Since healthy and clean skin is a natural barrier against microorganisms and mycotic cells.

Skin candidiasis

Candidiasis is a fungal disease of the skin, mucous membranes and internal organs. The causative agent is a yeast-like fungus Candida, a human saprophyte, which, with a decrease in the protective functions of the body, begins to actively multiply. The risk group includes children, people of old age and those with immunodeficiency states.

Candidal fungal diseases of the skin of the corners of the mouth most often occurs in people with a lower bite and hypersalivation.Fungal diseases caused by the candida fungus can develop only under favorable conditions, it is high humidity and a warm environment. Clinically, candidal seizures are manifested by light maceration and the presence of white plaque, when removed, you can see a smooth reddened eroded surface. The process is bilateral and rarely goes beyond the folds of the corners of the mouth.

Candidiasis of the skin is localized in the folds, more often found in overweight people who are prone to sweating and in children with violation of hygiene rules.The affected area is bright red, has clear boundaries, moist, covered with white bloom on top, epidermis detachment is possible on the periphery.

The elimination of sugary foods, muffins and simple carbohydrates from the diet is an important point in the treatment of candidiasis. Taking long-acting antifungal drugs such as fluconazole has a good therapeutic effect. Topically applied clotrimazole ointment. In addition, it is necessary to treat intestinal dysbiosis and normalize the immune system.

90,000 Fungal skin diseases in children – signs, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention


With microsporia, clearly defined spots, oval or round, appear on the skin. On the scalp, lesions appear, in which the hair is broken off at a height of 5-6 mm, and the nearby skin tissues are covered with grayish-white scales.

With keratomycases, yellowish-brown or pink spots appear on the back, chest, sides of the trunk or abdomen.Over time, they can change their shade (pityriasis versicolor) or cause peeling and itching of the surrounding skin (pityriasis versicolor).

A common type of fungus in young children is trichophytosis, which has the following symptoms:

  • fragility, tarnishing and loss of elasticity of the hair;
  • Formation of round bald spots, covered with flaky particles;
  • pale color of the central part of the lesion.

The characteristic symptoms of candidiasis include white plaque in the face and mouth, vesicular rash and ulcers localized in areas of natural skin folds.

If the symptoms described above are detected, you must make an appointment with a pediatric dermatologist. Parents should be aware that after the illness, the child’s body does not develop strong immunity, which can lead to re-infection.


For an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to consult a mycologist.

After clarifying the patient’s complaints and familiarizing himself with the provided medical documentation, the specialist prescribes a list of laboratory tests, which include:

  • visual examination of the patient under a Wood lamp, which allows to identify an uncharacteristic glow of the scales;
  • collection of clinical material to determine the type and tissue form of mycoses;
  • Inoculation of scrapings separated into microflora helps to find out the susceptibility of a particular fungal disease to chemotherapy drugs.


Therapy for this pathological process is carried out on an outpatient basis, but if this does not bring the required results or the course of the disease becomes complicated, the patient is admitted to a specialized hospital.

The affected areas of the outer integument are daily treated with medication, in the focus of infection, serous crusts are removed and hair is shaved off.

The use of antimycotic ointments, antifungal pastes, creams and emulsions is also indicated.In the event of complications, laser therapy of damaged areas or surgical removal of the nail plate is possible.

To achieve a greater effect, decimeter (UHF) therapy, darsonvalization and drug electrophoresis are used.


To minimize the likelihood of this ailment, it is recommended to lead a healthy lifestyle, observe the rules of personal hygiene, regularly disinfect premises and personal items.

Literature and sources

  • Kashkin P.N., Lisin V.V. Practical guide to medical mycology. – M .: Medicine, 1983.
  • Arabian RA, Klimko NN, Vasilyeva NV Diagnosis of mycoses: a textbook for the system of postgraduate professional education of doctors. – SPb .: ID SPbMAPO, 2004.
  • Video on the topic:

    90,000 Treatment of fungal diseases – Uromed Multidisciplinary Clinic

    Treatment of fungal diseases

    Each of us has heard the phrases “nail fungus”, “skin fungus”, “foot fungus” and other names for fungal diseases.But not everyone knows what a fungus is and how dangerous it is.

    Various diseases of the skin, nails, hair, which are caused by the reproduction of pathogenic fungi, are called fungal diseases or mycoses.

    What is the danger of skin and nail fungus?

    When a fungus appears on the nails, feet, hands and other parts of the human body, it rapidly multiplies. Infection manifests itself in the form of inflammation on the skin, peeling, severe skin itching, thickening of the skin in certain places, changes in the appearance and structure of nails and hair.

    Severe itching accompanying the course of fungal diseases is often prone to scratching, which in turn causes secondary symptoms of the disease – even greater infection and suppuration.

    In the worst case, the fungus can spread throughout the body. But these cases are rare and, as a rule, are accompanied by the presence of concurrent diseases or against the background of greatly reduced immunity.

    Is the fungus contagious?

    Fungal diseases are contagious.The infection can be picked up by contact with both a sick person and his things: shoes, clothes, personal hygiene products and other attributes easily transmit the fungus. Also, the fungus is often infected in public places: saunas, baths, swimming pools.

    Skin fungus causes not only physical discomfort, external deterioration of the appearance of human skin, nails and hair in case of fungal diseases entails psychological self-doubt, a feeling of embarrassment.

    Diagnosis of fungal diseases

    Despite the pronounced severity of symptoms, it is possible to accurately diagnose and prescribe adequate treatment for fungal diseases only after diagnosis.

    In the Uromed clinic, after examining the patient, the dermatologist will necessarily take a scraping from the affected area for further research in laboratory conditions and conduct specific tests.

    Based on the test results, you can accurately determine the form of the fungal disease and prescribe an effective course of treatment.

    Treatment of fungal diseases

    The course of treatment of the fungus is prescribed by a dermatologist based on the examination of the patient and the results of laboratory tests.The drug against the fungus is selected taking into account the method of delivery of the drug to the site of the lesion. This can be both systemic therapy with antifungal drugs in the form of tablets, and external therapy in the form of ointments, creams, emulsions, medicinal varnishes. In particularly difficult cases, these two types of therapy are combined to provide the maximum therapeutic effect.

    Dermatologists at the Uromed Clinic have extensive experience in the treatment of toenail fungus, skin fungus, feet and other types of fungal diseases.Turning to us, you get the help of highly qualified specialists in the field of diagnosis and treatment of fungal diseases.

    Types of fungal diseases that are treated in the clinic “Uromed”


    Skin fungus (mycosis of smooth skin). The fungus can be contracted by contact with the direct vector or its things.


    Versicolor versicolor (pityriasis versicolor).The fungus affects the surface layers of the skin on the shoulders, chest, back and abdomen. Spots of a non-inflammatory nature, as they heal, become brown in color.


    Fungus of large skin folds. Infection occurs more often through contact with infected objects. The rash more often appears in the groin area, intergluteal folds, under the breast, in the armpits. This type of fungal disease occurs in an acute form, accompanied by severe itching, burning, and painful sensations.


    Fungus of feet and hands. The pathogenic fungus Trichophyton, which affects the skin of the feet, soles, interdigital spaces, nail plates. The manifestation of the fungus of the feet can be both in the form of severe dryness, and in the form of weeping eczema.


    Hair fungus. The fungus can spread over the entire hair surface of the skin: the disease affects not only the hair on the head, eyelashes and eyebrows, but also the hair above the upper lip, on the chin, in the armpits, the entire vellus hair of the human body.


    Nail fungus. The nails on the hands and feet are affected. The most common fungal disease transmitted through infected household items. When a nail fungus appears, its color changes, a shade of green, even brown appears, the nail plate thickens, and foliation of the nail plates appears. Disease of nail fungus can affect the entire nail or only part of it.

    Seborrheic dermatitis

    What is seborrheic dermatitis?

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that occurs against the background of increased secretion of sebum (sebum) and changes in its qualitative composition.The development of inflammation in seborrheic dermatitis can be promoted by a fungal infection caused by the activation of Malassezia furfur, a lipophilic yeast fungus.

    Most often, the inflammatory process is localized on the scalp. Also, seborrheic dermatitis can manifest itself on other areas of the skin (on the face, chest and back) – in the areas of the greatest accumulation of the sebaceous glands.

    Signs of seborrheic dermatitis:

    When the disease develops on the scalp, dandruff is an early symptom.Later, other signs appear: itching, foci of hyperemia (redness of the skin), covered with small scales. In some cases, the areas of inflammation become wet and covered with yellowish crusts.

    Seborrheic dermatitis can be accompanied by hair loss in the affected area, which is a consequence of the inflammatory process in the skin, which occurs with the involvement of hair follicles.

    Another complication of seborrheic dermatitis may be the addition of a secondary infection. The progression of this disease is characterized by the formation of extensive lesions.

    Seborrheic dermatitis: causes

    The development of seborrheic dermatitis can be promoted by diseases of the endocrine system, psychoemotional stress, disorders of the immune system (autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiency states), diseases of the central nervous system, increased sweating, unhealthy diet, a sharp change in climate and / or lifestyle.

    Diagnosis of seborrheic dermatitis

    Seborrheic dermatitis has a clinical picture similar to other skin diseases, therefore, only a trichologist or dermatologist can determine the exact cause of the inflammation.At the reception, the doctor interrogates and examines the patient, conducts micro-video diagnostics of the hair and scalp, and prescribes the necessary tests.

    Based on the results of the examination and laboratory diagnostics, the patient may be referred for additional consultation to a doctor (or several doctors) of another specialty.

    Seborrheic dermatitis: treatment

    Treatment is always prescribed in a comprehensive manner, taking into account additional information obtained during the examination. Antipruritic and antifungal creams or ointments, medicated shampoos, and oral preparations are used.

    It is also important to prevent the onset, progression and relapse of seborrheic dermatitis in the form of lifestyle changes: adherence to a rational diet and daily regimen, reduce the level of daily stress, and restore psychological comfort.


    The result of a systematic and competent approach to the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis will be a significant reduction in the severity of the inflammatory process, reduction of itching, bringing the disease into remission.

    Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis by the specialists of our clinic will help you avoid the development of complications of this disease and significantly improve your condition.

    Gradually, you will begin to feel much better, healthier, more confident and calmer.

    Where is seborrheic dermatitis treated? In the Center for Cosmetology and Plastic Surgery named after S.V. Nudelman at the address: Yekaterinburg, Moskovskaya Street, 19.

    How much does a trichologist consultation cost? You can find out all the latest information about prices by referring to the price list posted on our website.