Eyes watering and blurred vision: Blurred Vision, Tearing In One Eye And Watery Eyes


Why Are My Eyes Watery? 14 Things That Can Make Your Eyes Water

If you have watery eyes, there are several possible reasons. They range from allergies to infections, blocked tear ducts, and funny looking eyelids. So grab a box of tissue, dab your eyes, and find out why your tears runneth over.


Millions of people have allergies, but many ignore how this affects their eyes. Exposure to pollen, pet dander, mites, and fumes can cause your eyes to turn red, itchy, and watery.

For relief, try over-the-counter medications like eye drops and antihistamines. If they don’t help, you may want to visit a doctor for prescription-strength medicines or allergy shots.

Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis)

If your eyes look pink or red along with all those extra tears, you may have pinkeye, a kind of inflammation. Other signs are blurry vision, pus or mucus in the eye, and red inner eyelids.

If you think you might have it, see a doctor right away. Your treatment will depend on whether the cause is bacteria, a virus, or allergies. Also, be sure to keep your hands away from your eyes, and wash them with lid scrubs or warm soapy water before and after you apply medicine. Don’t share towels, washcloths, or anything else that touches your eyes.

Blocked Tear Ducts

Your eye has a miniature plumbing system that makes tears, then washes them across your eye and down a duct into your nose. When the duct gets narrow or blocked, the tears back up and your eyes get watery and irritated or infected. Signs include mucus, crusty eyelashes, blurred vision, and blood in your tears.

If your eyes are watery, leaky, and always irritated or infected, see a doctor. The doctor may flush the duct with saline then insert tiny balloons or tubes to open up the blockages. You might need surgery to build a new drain.

Dry Eyes

They get irritated. Your immune system can respond by making too many tears. You may also have stinging, burning, redness, and vision problems. If the symptoms don’t go away, it’s time to talk to your doctor.

If you have a mild case, artificial tears often help. You can also take prescription drugs to relieve inflammation or help create tears. Other options include inserts that act like artificial tear glands or a combination of light therapy and eye massage.

Eyelid Problems

Eyelids are part of your eyes’ drainage system. If one of yours sags or turns outward, tears won’t drain the way they should and your eyes can get watery. If it grows inward, it rubs against your eye and irritates it. Other problems may include redness, mucus, dryness, and sensitivity to light.

If your lids sag or droop, or if your eyes are always watery or irritated, your doctor can help. They might prescribe artificial tears and ointments, but most people need surgery to fix the problem.

Doctors have more nonsurgical options for ingrown eyelids, like soft contacts that protect your eye. Botox and skin tape can also prevent your eye from turning in.

Bumps on the Eyelids

If you notice a large bump on your eyelid, you may have a stye or a chalazion. Styes are usually painful and bigger. Chalazions rarely hurt.

To treat an eyelid bump, soak a clean washcloth in hot water and hold it to your eyelid for 10-15 minutes. Do this 3 to 5 times a day. You may also gently massage around a chalazion with a clean finger.

If that doesn’t help, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics or a steroid shot to ease the swelling of a chalazion. If the bump won’t go away, or if it affects your vision, the doctor may drain it. Don’t ever try to pop one yourself; you’ll probably just make things worse.

Ingrown Eyelashes

When your eyelashes grow inward, they rub against your eye. This irritates it and causes extra tears. Your doctor might pull out an ingrown lash or suggest surgery to remove the lash permanently. If you don’t get treatment, you could get more serious problems like cornea scratches and ulcers.

Problems With Your Cornea

They can range from minor scratches to open sores called ulcers. Corneas can also get inflamed, a condition called keratitis. Each of these can cause your tears to work overtime.

If your cornea is scratched, you’ll know. Your eye will be extra watery, painful, and highly sensitive to light. When you close it, it might feel like there’s something in it. To treat it, rinse your eye with saline solution, blink several times, or pull your upper eyelid over your lower eyelid. Any of these steps may wash out the object that’s causing you problems. But see a doctor to avoid an infection.

For ulcers and keratitis, see a doctor right away. Delays may damage your eyesight or cause blindness. Your doctor will likely begin treatment with antibacterial, antiviral, or antifungal eye drops followed by anti-inflammatory drops. If your eye is hard to treat, you may need a corneal transplant to save your vision.

If you use extended-wear contact lenses or don’t take them out at night, you have a higher chance of getting keratitis. The best way to prevent this is to properly disinfect the lenses and make sure not to wear them for too long.

Less common causes of watery eyes include:

  • Bell’s palsy, a nerve condition that weakens your face muscles
  • Eye injuries
  • Exposure to chemicals and fumes
  • Inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis
  • Facial surgery
  • Certain medications

While there could be many reasons why your eyes are watery, they all share similar symptoms. That makes getting the right diagnosis so important. Visiting a doctor will help you figure out what’s causing your excess tears and the best ways to treat them.

Eye Disorders and Conditions

Typically, common eye disorders can be broken down into major eye symptoms, making it easier to sort them out and come up with specific guidelines. Major categories include:

  • Redness

  • Itching

  • Swelling

  • Burning

  • Trauma

  • Pain

  • Blur (decrease in vision)

  • Spots, flashes and floaters

What if your eyes are red and irritated?

Red and bloodshot eyes have many causes, including infection, inflammation, allergy, broken blood vessels and trauma. If the white of your eye (sclera) looks red or pink, you might have one of the following conditions:

Pink eye. If you have kids, you almost certainly know about an eye infection known as pink eye. Adults can get it, too. If the redness is from a form of pink eye known as conjunctivitis, you also will have symptoms such as itching, burning or stinging, eye discharge, swelling, watering — or a combination of the above.

Some forms of pink eye are contagious, and some are not. Allergic conjunctivitis, for example, is not contagious. But viral and bacterial forms of pink eye are contagious. So it’s best to see your eye doctor or family doctor for diagnosis and possible treatment.

Quick Tip: Until you know more about what may be causing your problem, you should avoid rubbing your eyes. Make sure you wash your hands often. For relief, use cool, wet compresses on the outside of your closed eyelids.

Eye allergies. Allergies can be seasonal (spring and fall), or they can happen when
something irritating (allergen) invades your eyes, like cat dander or
fumes. Symptoms of eye allergies include itchy eyes and red, watery and puffy eyes.

How your eyes are affected may depend on the time of year and type of plants you have in the area where you live. We Minnesotans tend to have lots of seasonal allergy problems in the spring and fall. But many people can also have year-round allergies because of dust mites, molds, etc.

Quick Tip: Try cold, wet compresses on the outside of your closed eyelids. You also may find relief if you take an over-the-counter antihistamine orally. If the allergy continues to annoy you, you may need to see your eye doctor for a prescription to help you deal with symptoms.

Broken blood vessel.Tiny blood vessels in the sclera (the white of the eye) can break from straining, lifting, rubbing your eye or for no reason at all. When this happens, the eye becomes bright red from the blood leaking under the clear conjunctiva that covers the sclera. This is called a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

A red eye from a subconjunctival hemorrhage looks scary, but usually it
is harmless and ordinarily isn’t considered an emergency.

Quick Tip: To be on the safe side, you should see your eye doctor within a day or two after noticing symptoms to make sure there’s no underlying cause for the broken vessel. Otherwise, there really is no treatment other than time for most of these blood leaks. But I always tell my patients to make up a really good story, because everyone will ask them what happened!

Eye trauma. Getting hit in the eye can certainly cause redness, along with pain and blurred vision. The eye may be scratched or gouged, but there also could be hidden damage inside the eye, such as a detached retina, which can be very serious and must be treated as quickly as possible. Unless the hit is very light, an eye doctor should treat eye traumas right away.

Quick Tip: For some immediate relief, put a very cold compress or ice pack on the injured eye. Avoid rubbing it. If you can’t reach your eye doctor, go to an emergency room or urgent care center for help.

Itching and itchy eyes

Almost all eye itching is caused by some sort of allergy. Very often, mild itching can be helped with over-the-counter lubricating eye drops. I’d avoid the ones that take away redness (decongestants), as they can be addictive. You can also use cold compresses or ice packs to help with itchy eyes.

More severe itching may need extra help, such as oral antihistamines or prescription eye drops. Although itchy eyes are not an emergency, you still may need to consult your eye doctor for advice or a prescription.

If your eyelids are red and inflamed, you could have blepharitis. Make sure you visit your eye doctor to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

Quick Tip: Try to avoid rubbing your eyes! Rubbing releases chemicals called histamines that actually make the itching worse.

Blurred vision

If you have blurred vision that happens suddenly and persists, consider this an emergency. See your eye doctor, or visit an emergency room/urgent care center.

If one eye becomes blurry or goes dark suddenly, like a curtain coming down, this is an emergency and should be checked out by your eye doctor or an emergency room/urgent care center. This could indicate a retinal problem, like a detachment, or even a stroke.

If you have some minor blurring that comes and goes, this could mean tiredness, dryness or eye strain. Keep in mind that many eye conditions can cause some blurred vision, including pink eye, allergies, dry eyes and even a lot of near vision work. Most of these are not emergency situations.

Quick Tip: For mild blurry vision, try resting your eyes. If the blurry vision persists, make an appointment for an eye exam.

Puffy eyes

Unusual puffiness around the eyes often is a sign of an allergy. Of course, trauma such as getting hit in the eye also can cause eyes to swell.

Quick Tip: If puffy eyes are caused by an allergy, you may have to take an over-the-counter decongestant orally to alleviate symptoms.

Burning eyes

Burning eyes can be caused by allergy, dryness, tiredness, vision stress (like computer work) or a combination of the above. Usually, the burning sensation is not an emergency, but you should see your eye doctor if it persists.

Quick Tip: Usually, eye burning or stinging can be relieved with over-the-counter lubricating eye drops and rest. Applying cool, moist compresses over your closed eyes also can help.

Eye pain

Eye pain can be sharp or dull, internal or external, constant or intermittent, stabbing or throbbing. As a general rule, if you have eye pain along with redness, you should consider this an emergency and either see your eye doctor or go to an emergency room or urgent care center right away.

Constant eye pain, especially when moving your eyes or gently pushing on your eyes, can sometimes indicate an inflammation of some of the inner eye parts. This means you should try and see your eye doctor as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment.

I often help people with rheumatoid arthritis or fibromyalgia (chronic pain throughout the body) who are having related eye pain. Eye pain sometimes is caused by dry eyes, which needs to be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medication. Occasionally, eye pain is caused by something serious, like uveitis. This is an inflammation of the inner eye tissues, like the iris. Again, this type of condition should be treated as soon as possible.

Eye pain with blurred vision should be considered an emergency and should be investigated as soon as possible by your eye doctor or by the emergency room/urgent care center.

Quick Tip: If your eye pain is dull like a headache in your eye, but there is no redness or blurred vision, this could be caused by overuse, eye strain or even sinus problems. I suggest seeing your doctor only if it doesn’t clear up with rest or perhaps some Tylenol or Advil.

Spots, flashes and floaters

Most spots and floaters are normal. They are caused by bits of protein and other tissue embedded in the clear, gel-like material (vitreous) that fills the inside of the eye.

As we age, the vitreous becomes more fluid and these thread-like strands and shapes move (“float”) more easily within the vitreous, which makes them more noticeable. Also, the vitreous can separate or detach from its connection to the retina, causing additional floaters.

But some floaters, especially when accompanied by flashes of light, can indicate something serious is happening inside your eye that could cause a detached retina.

As a general rule, if you have a few little dots, threads or “bugs” that come and go depending on how tired you are or what kind of lighting you’re in, these are normal floaters. But if you suddenly see flashes of light, clouds of floaters, swirly mists or a curtain over part of your vision, it’s best to see your eye doctor or go to an emergency room/urgent care center as soon as possible. They’ll dilate your pupils to see what’s going on inside your eyes and make sure it gets treated if need be.

Most retinal detachments can be helped if treated soon. If retinal detachments are ignored, however, they can lead to a loss of vision or even blindness.

Quick Tip: Most vitreous detachments creating spots and floaters just need to be watched. But you have no way of knowing whether you have a vitreous detachment or a far more serious retinal detachment. So in either case, make sure you see a doctor.

Foreign object (Something in the eye)

Getting something in your eye seems like it should be an emergency, and it often is. Whether your eye is invaded by a piece of metal, a thorn or sticker or a sharp object, it’s critical that you see an eye doctor or an emergency room/urgent care center right away.

Don’t rub your eye or attempt to remove whatever is in there. You could cause more damage. Loosely tape a paper cup (or eye shield if you have one) over your eye and seek help.

Quick Tip: Let’s also be practical. Not everything that gets in your eye is serious. We all have little bits of something in our eyes at times. If you know it’s just a piece of dust that’s irritating your eye, you can try rinsing it with saline solution or using lubricating eye drops. If you are able, try turning your eyelid inside out to see if you can dislodge the particle. If none of these home remedies works, then it’s off to the doctor.

To learn more about eye problems and related symptoms, visit our resources on Eye Symptoms A to Z or Eye Conditions Home Page.

Page published in March 2019

Page updated in September 2021

Dehydrated? How Not Drinking Enough Water Impacts Your Eyes

Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough fluid. As a critical element of the body, water is needed for various organs to function. When the body is not adequately hydrated, organs, including the eyes, suffer.

By definition, dehydration is when more water leaves the body than enters the body. This typically happens when people stop drinking water or lose largeamounts of fluid. Fluid loss occurs in daily bodily functions such as sweat, urination and bowel movements. Extreme heat, vomiting, diarrhea, alcohol and even diabetes increase the risk of dehydration.

The body’s initial response to a loss of fluid is to preserve the amount of fluid still in the body by conserving water. This leads to various symptoms of dehydration including thirst and dry mouth, decreased urine output, muscle cramps, headache, lightheadedness, sleepiness and a lack of tear production. When the eyes stop producing tears, they are no longer properly lubricated, which can lead to dry eye, eye strain and vision problems.

Dry eye occurs when there are insufficient tears to nourish the eye, and tears are necessary for providing clear vision. Tears wash away foreign matter in the eye and help reduce the risk of eye infections. Symptoms of dry eyes include irritation, excess watering, blurred vision and feeling foreign matter in the eye. As a symptom of dehydration, the best treatment for dry eye is rehydrating by drinking plenty of water. Eye drops can also help alleviate the symptoms by lubricating the eye and washing away foreign materials.

Tired eyes, blurred vision, headaches and double vision are all symptoms of eye strain. As with dry eye, eye strain caused by dehydration can result when the eye is not properly lubricated. Additionally, eye strain is also caused by concentrating on visual tasks or while using a digital device for an extended period of time. If caused by dehydration, drinking plenty of water will help flush out salt in the body and properly hydrate your eyes to help reduce eye strain. Resting the eye by blinking or shutting the eye will also help alleviate eye strain. See these tips to help ease the pain of digital eye strain.

In the event of severe dehydration, more serious, life threatening symptoms may arise. Severe dehydration can also lead to kidney stones, shock, coma, organ failure and can even result in death. Symptoms include feeling confused or lethargic, not urinating for eight hours, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, weak pulse, inability to sweat and sunken eyes. At this point, your body desperately needs hydrating fluid and electrolytes to heal. Properly hydrating the body will usually help reverse dehydration and bring a person back to health. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening, so seek immediate help if you exhibit signs of severe dehydration.

You can prevent dehydration by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. It is especially important to intake fluid before, during and after exercise to replenish the water lost through sweating. Other tips for preventing dehydration include removing excess salt from your diet and reducing intake of alcohol, caffeine and high-protein foods. Ultimately, listen to your body.

Common Eye Problems: Watery Eyes


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Blurred Vision in One Eye

Blurred vision in one eye may be caused by a variety of underlying conditions or diseases. Refractive errors, including nearsightedness and farsightedness, are the most common cause of blurred vision. Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve) causes blurred vision that initially appears in one eye. Blurred vision in only one eye may suggest disorders that occur in the brain or central nervous system, including migraine headaches or pressure on the optic nerve from a tumor. Eye trauma is another cause that might affect only one eye, either from the injury itself or from delayed effects such as cataract formation.

In addition, systemic conditions such as diabetes can cause cataract or retinal conditions that lead to blurred vision. Some medications can cause blurred vision, although they would be more likely to affect both eyes than only one.

Common causes of blurred vision in one eye

Blurred vision in one eye may be caused by conditions including:

  • Age-related macular degeneration (disorder that causes loss of vision in the macula, the area of the retina responsible for seeing detail in the central vision)

  • Cataracts (clouding or loss of transparency in the lens of the eye)

  • Diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and blindness (serious vision complications of diabetes)

  • Dry eyes

  • Migraines

  • Myopia (nearsightedness; inability to focus on distant objects)

  • Need for corrective lenses, such as eyeglasses or contact lenses, or need for change in eyewear prescription

  • Presbyopia (age-related farsightedness; inability to focus on near objects)

  • Uveitis and iritis (inflammation of structures of the eye)

Serious or life-threatening causes of blurred vision in one eye

In some cases, blurred vision in one eye may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. These conditions include:

  • Brain tumor

  • Eye trauma

  • Glaucoma (disorder that damages the optic nerve, often as a result of increased pressure in the eye)

  • Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve)

  • Retinal detachment (detachment of the light-sensing layer inside your eye from the blood vessels that provide it oxygen and nutrients)

  • Stroke

  • Transient ischemic attack (temporary stroke-like symptoms that may be a warning sign of an impending stroke)

Questions for diagnosing the cause of blurred vision in one eye

To diagnose your condition, your doctor or licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your blurred vision in one eye including:

  • How long have you had blurred vision in one eye?

  • Is the blurriness persistent, or does it come and go?

  • Have you had any injuries in the eye area?

  • Are you currently taking any medications?

  • Are you having any other symptoms associated with your blurry vision?

  • Do you have any other known medical conditions?

What are the potential complications of blurred vision in one eye?

In most cases, blurred vision is not caused by serious conditions. However, in rare instances, it may be associated with a systemic disease or condition that, left untreated, may cause vision-threatening or life-threatening complications. If you experience blurred vision in one eye, you should contact your health care provider to determine the underlying cause of your blurred vision in one eye and get treatment if needed.

Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:

Dry eyes? That gritty feeling may be telling you something

Q & A with Ophthalmologist Nicole Bajic, M.D.

How common is dry eye?

It is very common. It is one of the most common findings I see during an eye exam, and is often found even when patients have no symptoms at all.

It is a seasonal problem?

It does seem to often get worse during the winter, especially with people turning on the heat and not using a humidifier.

What are the symptoms?

Patients may feel like they have grit or sand inside their eyes. Sometimes the only sign is blurred vision. Some people may even experience tearing, which may seem contradictory. Our tears are composed of water, oil and mucus. You need all three in order to have a proper tear. If you don’t have enough oil due to blocked oil glands in the eyelids (which is extremely common), the tears will be poor quality and can evaporate too quickly. The brain recognizes this and sends a signal to make more of these “poor quality” tears.  In some, it can become a vicious cycle.

What causes dry eye?

Dry eye can be from a deficiency of oil in the tear film or a deficiency of the watery component of tears. Tear deficiency also can be a sign of an autoimmune disease such as Sjogren’s syndrome. Prior eye surgery may also put you at risk, although this is most common with LASIK surgery. It also may be due to overexposure of the eye. Often the lower eyelid becomes lax with aging, which exposes the cornea and results in dry eye. In severe cases of this, it may be medically necessary to tighten the lower lids. 

Evaporative dry eye is more common and tends to be from meibomian gland dysfunction or blepharitis (eyelid inflammation). This is due to blockages of the oil glands along the eyelid margins. It can be due to aging, hormonal changes, some medications or rosacea.

Can people self diagnose dry eye?

Yes, and over-the-counter artificial tears can provide significant relief for dryness or irritation of the eyes.  If this does not provide relief, I would recommend an eye exam for further evaluation. I would also avoid any drops claiming to “get the red out.” Although they may temporarily whiten the eyes, they dry the eye out in the long term.

How is dry eye diagnosed?

Oftentimes, I am able to diagnose the patient just from listening to their symptoms. Most often they report feeling grit in their eyes.
On exam, I first look at their eyelids and how they function. Some people do not close their eyelids completely, which can dry out their eyes while they sleep. I also assess for laxity that may contribute to overexposure of the eye.  Next, I assess the eyelid margins for inflammation and significant blockages of the oil glands. I then look at the tear film and cornea (the clear “windshield” of the eye).  I use a special dye to assess the quality of this tear film and if exceptionally dry, the cornea will soak up this dye like a dry sponge. If dry eye is severe, people can get scarring, which can obstruct vision.

How do you treat dry eye?

  • Artificial tears can be used three or four times per day. If people are using it more than that, or wear contact lenses, then I would encourage them to use preservative-free drops.
  • Patients can use baby shampoo to clean their eyelids and lashes
  • Warm compresses can open up the oil glands along the eyelids so patients can make better quality tears.
  • Some patients may benefit from having plugs placed into the tear “drains” of the eye to help collect more of their natural tears.
  • There are surgical procedures that can be done for severe cases.
  • Occasionally, prescription drops may be used to help patients make more tears.

How to avoid getting dry eye?

What not to do

  • Do not apply eyeliner to the waterline of the eye.
  • Avoid wearing an ill-fitting sleep apnea mask.
  • Don’t use eye drops claiming to remove redness. 
  • Don’t sleep in contacts, which also puts patients at risk for an infection that could cause vision loss.
  • Avoid smoking.

Be proactive

  • Use a humidifier.
  • When working at a computer, follow the 20/20 rule: for every 20 minutes on the computer, take a 20-second break looking away from it.

“We actually blink less when we’re focused on something, so staring at a computer screen all day means you’re lubricating your eye less,” says Dr. Bajic.

Nicole Bajic, M.D. performs eye and eyelid surgery at the NCH Day Surgery Center. She practices at Koziol-Thoms Eye Associates, 1211 S. Arlington Heights Road in Arlington Heights. To schedule an appointment, call 847-264-2222 or visit koziol-thomseye.com. (Depending on insurance, you may need a referral to see an ophthalmologist.)

7 Must Know Acute Glaucoma Symptoms: LaSante Health Center: Multi-Specialty Health Clinic

Going to the eye doctor only to get a little puff of air in your eye isn’t fun. But did you know that little puff of air can keep you from going blind?

If someone in your family history had glaucoma, you may also be at risk for the condition. High pressure inside the eye often causes damage to the optic nerve, which is how your brain gets visual stimuli. But if you notice something different, it may be too late. 

The best way to detect and treat glaucoma is with regular eye exams, but here are 7 acute glaucoma symptoms to watch for.

1. Acute Glaucoma Symptoms: Blindness and Peripheral Vision Loss

When your peripheral vision disappears, it’s also called tunnel vision because it feels like you’re looking through a narrow tube. Your peripherals let you see what’s around you without you having to move your head, so if they aren’t there, you can only see what’s right in front of you.

Most of the time you won’t know you have glaucoma unless you have regular vision checks at your eye doctor. If your peripheral vision starts to go, then you need to get seen right away. This can indicate a problem with glaucoma or another serious eye condition, and vision loss can’t always be reversed.

If you’re experiencing blindness, your glaucoma may be in the acute stages. Unfortunately, if your vision has started to disappear, treatment for glaucoma can’t always restore it. Get seen right away by your eye doctor to determine the cause of the vision loss and possible treatment plans.

Blindness can indicate other issues and may be treatable. Work with both your family doctor and your eye doctor to discover what remedies are available for you.

2. Blurry Vision and Light Halos

Less-common types of glaucoma do come with sudden symptoms. If you have a sudden onset of blurry vision or you’re seeing halos around lights, they could indicate angle-closure glaucoma.

It’s unusual to develop this type of glaucoma rather than having it as a congenital defect, but it can happen.

3. Eye Pain, Nausea, and Vomiting

Angle-closure glaucoma also can manifest with sudden eye pain, nausea, and vomiting. If you have these symptoms along with the blurry vision and light halos mentioned above, together they could mean a serious problem. Call your eye doctor to set up a comprehensive eye exam, where they will test for glaucoma and help you set up a treatment plan.

4. Cataracts

Cataracts develop in the lens of your eye and happen most often to older people, according to research by the National Eye Institute. The lens clouds and vision becomes obscured. Your doctor can remove cataracts with surgery.

However, some people who develop cataracts in their eyes can also develop glaucoma. The best way to find out is to have your doctor do a routine check of your eyes. They will either use a tonometer or shoot a little puff of air in your eye.

The tonometer is shaped like a pencil. The doctor will first numb your eyes with some drops, and then read how well your cornea pushes back by placing the tonometer against the outside of your eyeball. It won’t hurt you, but it may feel uncomfortable.

If your doctor uses the air test, you’ll place your chin on the machine and stare into it without blinking. Then it releases a small puff of air into your eye. Either test can detect glaucoma, and they are both brief and painless.

5. Cloudy Cornea

One type of glaucoma is congenital, meaning that children are born with it. It’s not very common. If the channel where the liquid in your eye drains isn’t at the proper angle, liquid (called aqueous humor) can build up and put extra pressure on your eye. Even if the angle is correct, fluid can drain too slowly causing glaucoma.

But children born with a defect in the angle can have angle-closure glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma. If you notice your child’s cornea is cloudy, ask their doctor right away because it could be a symptom of congenital glaucoma.

6. Light Sensitivity

Another symptom of congenital glaucoma is light sensitivity. While this isn’t common in older people who develop glaucoma later in life, it can indicate a problem if children are born with a defect in the angle of the drainage channel in the eye.

Babies and small children can’t always communicate what type of problem they’re having, so they may not be able to let you know that the light bothers them. Watch for external indicators of discomfort to help you figure out what’s going on. If you notice that your child is sensitive to light, or acts uncomfortable in bright rooms or outdoors in sunlight, they have may light sensitivity caused by congenital glaucoma.

7. Watery Eyes

Congenital glaucoma can also manifest in watery eyes. While watery eyes don’t always indicate this issue, combined with the other symptoms listed above (cloudy corneas, light sensitivity), they can indicate a defect in the drainage channel angle.

In babies, watery eyes can mean a clogged tear duct, too, or other issues like pink eye (conjunctivitis) or even a cold. Don’t jump to conclusions about glaucoma if you notice this symptom alone. Make sure to consult a professional for help in diagnosing your child.

Learning the Signs

While most common forms of glaucoma don’t cause a lot of discomfort until acute signs like peripheral vision loss and blindness, other types do have specific indicators. If you or your children have any of the acute glaucoma symptoms listed above, it could be glaucoma.

It’s important to get seen right away if you think you may have this or any other eye problem, and regular checkups with the eye doctor can help prevent glaucoma from becoming acute.

Request an appointment today and be on your way to total eye health.

90,000 Six common causes of eye pain and redness

  1. Conjunctivitis. The first sign of the disease is redness of the eye due to exposure to allergies, viruses, chemicals, etc. A bacterial infection can join this, as a result of which a purulent discharge will appear, the eye will stick together. This condition is treated with antibiotic drops.
  2. Keratitis, corneal ulcer. This is an inflammation of the cornea. It manifests itself in severe pain, redness, severe lacrimation and photophobia, followed by ulceration and the development of severe consequences.The outcome may be a thorn. Therefore, with these symptoms, it is necessary to urgently consult an ophthalmologist for timely treatment and prevention of complications.
  3. Dry eye syndrome. In this case, the tear film is destroyed due to insufficient production of tears or its excessive evaporation from the surface of the eye. Because of this, they can periodically hurt, blush, watery, a feeling of heaviness, discomfort, short-term dimness in the eyes can appear. To alleviate the condition, the doctor prescribes moisturizing drops.
  4. Subconjunctival hemorrhage. Redness of the eye due to surges in blood pressure. There may be short-term pain, as a result, in addition to redness, there are complaints about the feeling of a foreign body and pain. It proceeds without any consequences, but control of blood pressure and blood clotting indicators is necessary.
  5. Acute attack of angle-closure glaucoma. The appearance of a sharp pain in the eye, radiating to the parietal region, deterioration of vision, a feeling of shroud, possibly vomiting, is a reason to urgently consult an ophthalmologist.Delay can result in the death of the optic nerve and complete blindness!
  6. Uveitis. Inflammation of the choroid. Complaints of constant severe pain, aggravated by pressure on the eyeball, can be given to the temple, forehead. Late treatment and treatment can lead to blindness.

Doctor – ophthalmologist

Healthcare Institution “22nd City Polyclinic of Minsk” Ryndova Daria Vasilievna

Watery eyes: What does this mean?

Your eyes are more hydrated than you should be?

If you have red eyes and watery eyes, there are many reasons for this.If there is an external stimulus, then the reaction of your eyes is quite normal.

Tears soften the eyes, keeping them hydrated. In an atmosphere of dust and smoke, your eyes are protected by tears. However, if your eyes are constantly watering, even if you have changed the environment?

Let’s take a look at the possible causes and remedies.

Causes of watery eyes

If you have red eyes and watery eyes, it may be mainly due to allergies.Even if you weren’t allergic as a child, our bodies change with age.

Changes in the environment may also cause an allergic reaction.

This is not necessarily due to the presence of pollen or ragweed, the cause can be discernible. Ask yourself questions:

  • Have you recently moved to a new home?
  • Have any of your friends recently bought a new pet?
  • Do you have a new job?

Each of the above may create new eye irritants.

In a new house or apartment, even if it looks very clean, there may be something lurking that makes you watery eyes. In a new job, there may be an air conditioner that directs air into your face, making your eyes dry and causing them to produce more tears to moisturize. A new pet at a friend’s house can bring traces of fur or substances harmful to your eyes, even if you are not visiting your friends’ house.

If none of the above describes your situation, there are other possibilities for watery eyes.One of them is age.

Treating Watery Eyes: What You Can Do

The quality of the tear fluid deteriorates with age. Our tears contain more than just a water component. Our body produces a blend to moisturize the eyes. If your eyes are not getting the moisture they need, they can compensate by forming tears, which can lead to watery eyes.

If this is a chronic condition, your doctor may recommend possible treatments.Action needs to be taken.

Watery eyes can be easily remedied, so do not delay treatment. Even if surgery is required, it is usually an outpatient procedure. Why not do this early?

This article does not provide medical advice and does not replace the advice of a healthcare professional. To discuss specific issues, see your ophthalmologist.

90,000 if, after blepharoplasty, it became difficult to see, psychosomatics in an adult, symptoms, bags under the eyes

You are currently viewing section Watery eyes .

Subdivisions: Children, Treatment.

Tears perform an important protective function for the organs of vision . They protect the eyeball from getting various small foreign bodies – dust, debris, etc.

Tear fluid is evenly distributed over the cornea, and the process of its secretion is a normal factor.

However excessive lacrimation often indicates a problem in the external environment or in the human body.

Main symptoms of watery eyes

There are a number of signs that make a person worry about eye health. Excessive tearing is manifested in excess of the amount of emitted tears.

For a healthy person, this number is about 1 ml per day , and does not cause any inconvenience.

If the external environment begins to influence the lacrimal glands, or problems arise with the eyes, lacrimation can reach 10 ml per day.

In addition to the profuse discharge of tears, the symptoms of tearing eyes are also redness . It is difficult for a person with a similar problem to stop the production of tear fluid.

Causes of lacrimation in an adult

Sudden lacrimation is not the norm for a healthy person. If tears begin to flow in different external environments, for example, at home, at work and on the street, this is a reason to think about the presence of a disease and the need to consult a doctor.Tear production can be caused by one or more factors.

  1. Allergy – food, cosmetic, seasonal.
  2. Eye contact of a foreign body. Even an imperceptible speck can cause discomfort and increased tearing.

  3. Trauma – mechanical damage to the mucous membrane or cornea leads to increased work of the lacrimal glands.
  4. Cold or SARS.
  5. Conjunctivitis or other viral disease of the visual organs.
  6. Stress.
  7. Age-related changes in the body.
  8. Eye strain on due to long reading, working at a computer or watching TV.

Psychosomatics: what is it?

It often happens that after a visit to an ophthalmologist, a person does not receive an answer to the question about excessive tearing.When the patient is not helped by medication, there is a possibility that the problem is the stress received . In this case, it is necessary to visit a neurologist , especially if the patient knows that he has experienced emotional stress.

Experiences often cause excessive tears due to the fact that the human nervous system is closely connected with his eyes, and any psychosomatic manifestations can provoke severe tearing.


When excessive tear fluid is noticed, the first doctor to see is Ophthalmologist .

If the help of this doctor turned out to be unsuccessful, you should think about whether there was stress, and contact the neurologist or psychotherapist.

In the event that profuse lacrimation is caused by a cold, then therapist will help.

Stages of examination

The examination consists in visual examination of the cornea of ​​the eye by the physician .If no problems were found, the doctor will take conjunctival swab or perform additional tests. Depending on the results obtained, complex treatment is prescribed, which should eliminate the cause of the problem.

Important! Diagnosis of eye problems must be timely, since such a problem cannot be triggered – this will lead to deterioration of vision or the condition of the cornea.

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Diseases due to which the eyes watery and began to see poorly

If, in addition to increased tear production, periodically or on an ongoing basis, veil in the eyes is added, and also vision deteriorates , the reason This is due to the following factors:


In this case, therapy consists in getting rid of the cause that caused the opacity.In case of visual impairment and presbyopia, glasses or lenses will help, with cataracts, surgical intervention is necessary , with migraines, the disease itself must be treated.

Attention! You cannot resort to self-medication, without consulting a specialist – any use of drops or ointments for the eyes must be agreed with an ophthalmologist .

If there are bags under the eyes

It happens that when tearing increases, edema appears – “bags under the eyes”.

A common cause of this is allergy . In addition, the cause of edema accompanying lacrimation is:

  • chemical irritation;
  • Eye contact with foreign bodies;
  • bacterial infection , for example, ARVI;
  • permanent work at the computer;
  • lack of sleep .

How to treat

If tearing and severe swelling of the eyes are observed, you need to consult an ophthalmologist, allergist or therapist – depending on the cause of the symptoms.

If an ophthalmologist notices irritation, debris or other damage to the eye, he will prescribe drops or ointment for eyes , an allergist – tablets for allergies and eye drops, and a therapist – anti-ARVI drugs or others bacterial infections.

When tears are flowing profusely after operations

Complications after eye operations occur due to a number of reasons, depending on both the surgeon and the patient, individual characteristics of the body.


This plastic surgery can cause displacement of the lacrimal points , resulting in edema.

Scarring of tissues causes narrowing of the tubules, which causes prolonged increased lacrimation. It goes away when the scarring process is completed.


Chemotherapy treatment often causes mucosal dysfunction.In some cases, after the procedure, clogging of the lacrimal canals occurs , which causes increased tearing. If such a problem has been noticed, an ophthalmologist will help.

Helpful Video

Check out the video for the various causes of watery eyes.


Timely consultation and correct, comprehensive treatment will allow you to get rid of both tearing and the causes of its constant occurrence.It is important to remember that the correct diagnosis is made only by an experienced specialist , and the doctor will also prescribe the treatment. This is especially true for the eyes, problems with which must always be solved promptly, avoiding deterioration of vision or loss of vision.

Eye diseases


Decreased visual acuity in one eye in the absence of pathological changes in the organ of vision.

Causes of amblyopia

  1. Strabismus.
  2. Low birth weight.
  3. Cerebral palsy, developmental delay, pathologies characteristic of premature babies.
  4. Smoking, alcohol consumption, antibiotics during pregnancy.
  5. Heredity.
  6. Injuries to the eye.
  7. Myopia, hyperopia and other visual impairments.
  8. Different visual acuity between the eyes.

Amblyopia symptoms

  1. Decreased visual acuity, double vision, blurred or blurred image.
  2. Rapid eye fatigue, inability to concentrate on the image for a long time.
  3. Involuntary movement of one eye, asynchronous movement of the eyes.
  4. Discomfort when watching TV, working with a computer or reading books, caused by the need to close the worse seeing eye.
  5. Overhang of the upper eyelid.
  6. Difficulty determining the size of an object or the distance to it.

Amblyopia Treatment

  • occlusion – closing a poorly seeing or better seeing eye, alternately closing the eyes with an overlay;
  • Penalization – a temporary decrease in visual acuity of a healthy eye with the help of special drops, due to which the affected eye has to be activated;
  • pleoptics and orthoptics – increasing the load on the sore eye using a computer program;
  • surgical treatment – used when other methods are ineffective.


Different pupil sizes. Differences in diameters of up to 0.4 mm are the norm.

Causes of anisocoria

  1. Taking certain medicinal or narcotic drugs.
  2. Damage to nerve fibers, paralysis of the oculomotor nerve.
  3. Inflammation of the iris.
  4. Eye injuries, craniocerebral trauma, ophthalmic operations.
  5. Various pathologies of the organ of vision, for example, glaucoma.
  6. Infections in which the pathogen enters the central nervous system.

Symptoms of anisocoria

Headaches, dizziness, severe fatigue, distortion and fogging of the image, difficulty with the perception of space.

Treatment of anisocoria

The doctor removes only the cause of the disease.


Congenital or acquired visual impairment in which the cornea and lens are irregular in shape, which prevents the light rays from being able to focus correctly on the retina.

Causes of astigmatism

Congenital astigmatism occurs due to a hereditary predisposition or disorders that have arisen during pregnancy. Acquired astigmatism is a consequence of trauma to the cornea or lens, inflammation or other pathology of the cornea, poor-quality ophthalmic surgery.

Astigmatism symptoms

  • Blurring, ghosting or distortion of the image;
  • decreased visual acuity, the need to constantly squint;
  • headaches and dizziness;
  • fast fatigability, constant eye strain.

Astigmatism Treatment

Astigmatism is corrected with special glasses or contact lenses. Laser correction or surgery (up to lens replacement) allows you to completely get rid of the pathology.

Optic nerve atrophy

This is the destruction of the nerve fibers of the optic nerve, which leads to partial or complete loss of vision.

Causes of optic nerve atrophy

  1. Ophthalmic diseases: glaucoma, neuritis, retinal vein thrombosis, retinal edema and angiopathy, etc.
  2. Diseases of the brain and central nervous system: tumors, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, TBI, etc.
  3. Other diseases of the body: diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, syphilis, tuberculosis, ARVI, influenza, measles, etc.
  4. Heredity.
  5. Toxic damage: drugs, methyl and ethyl alcohol, tobacco.

Symptoms of optic nerve atrophy

  1. Decrease in visual acuity, not amenable to correction, up to complete blindness.
  2. Narrowing of the field of view, down to one small “window”.
  3. The appearance of large dark (blind) spots without narrowing the field of vision.
  4. Violation of color perception.
  5. Narrowing of blood vessels in the fundus.
  6. Weak pupil response to light.

Treatment of optic nerve atrophy

  1. Drug therapy: vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory and blood circulation-restoring drugs, anticoagulants, hormones, drugs that stimulate metabolism.
  2. Physiotherapy: electro-, magneto-, laser stimulation, electrophoresis, ultrasound treatment, oxygen therapy.
  3. Surgical operations: removal of formations pressing on the nerve, implantation of tissues allowing to normalize blood circulation.


Leukoma or leucorrhoea – persistent opacity of the cornea.

Causes of thorns

Corneal damage caused by various reasons: trauma, chemical burns, radiation exposure, inflammatory, viral diseases, infections, including intrauterine (herpes, syphilis, tuberculosis, chlamydia, blepharitis, trachoma, barley).

Symptoms of leucorrhoea

  1. Whitish spot on the eye.
  2. Photophobia, lacrimation.
  3. Decreased visual acuity, image nebula, up to complete loss of vision.
  4. Redness of the eye.
  5. Discomfort in the eye, foreign body sensation.

Treatment of leucorrhoea

  1. Drug therapy: drops and ointments that promote scars resorption, drugs for rapid regeneration, accelerate metabolism, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  2. Surgical operations: corneal transplant.


Inflammation of the edges of the eyelids, usually chronic.

Causes of blepharitis

Bacterial and viral infections of both the whole body and the organ of vision (fungal pathogens, staphylococcus aureus, herpes, intestinal bacteria, refractive errors, dry eye syndrome, intoxication, caries, sinusitis, etc.). In this case, it is necessary that the body has conditions for the growth of bacteria, for example, skin diseases or dysfunction of the eyelid glands.

Blepharitis symptoms

  1. Change in the appearance of the eyelid: peeling, redness, swelling.
  2. Discomfort in the eyelid or eye area.
  3. Photophobia.
  4. Blurred image.
  5. Formation of frothy discharge and pus in the corners of the eyes.
  6. Crusts at the base of the eyelashes, their loss.
  7. Dry eyes or excessive lacrimation.

Symptoms are more pronounced in the morning.

Blepharitis treatment

  1. Compresses: help to clean the excretory ducts.
  2. Drops and ointments: antiviral, antihistamines, antifungal, antibacterial, antiparasitic or moisturizing agents (for dry eye syndrome).
  3. Tablets: e.g. tetracycline. They are prescribed if other methods are ineffective.
  4. Hygiene of the eyelids.


Descent of the upper eyelid – disruption of the muscles that raise and lower the upper eyelid.

Causes of blepharoptosis

  1. Absence or insufficient muscle development.
  2. Damage to the optic nerve.
  3. Diseases of the central nervous system or brain.
  4. Trauma, tumor.
  5. Age-related muscle strain.
  6. Endocrine disorders, diabetes mellitus.
  7. Paresis, paralysis.

Symptoms of blepharoptosis

  1. Descent of the eyelid, narrowing of the palpebral fissure.
  2. Eye fatigue, double vision.
  3. Dry eye syndrome caused by inability to blink.
  4. Discomfort associated with the development of inflammatory processes under the drooping eyelid.
  5. Strabismus.
  6. Decreased visual acuity.

Treatment of blepharoptosis

  1. Medication: taking vitamins, neuroprotectors, etc.
  2. Injections of drugs used by cosmetologists (at low degrees): “Dysport”, “Botulinum toxin”, “Lantoks”.
  3. Physiotherapy: UHF, electrophoresis, darsonvalization, massage, etc.
  4. Operation Hesse or Mote: in the first case, the skin of the upper eyelid is sutured to the frontal muscle, and in the second, a tongue-like flap is cut from the superior rectus muscle, which is sutured to the cartilage.

Age-related macular degeneration

This is a progressive lesion of the central zone (macula) of the retina. It is the leading cause of vision loss in old age.Distinguish between wet and dry forms.

Causes of age-related macular degeneration

  • Aging of the body: dehydration, slowing down of physical reactions, metabolism, vitamin deficiency, insufficient supply of nutrients to the retina.
  • Heredity.
  • Smoking.
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight.

Symptoms of age-related macular degeneration

  1. Decrease in central visual acuity while maintaining peripheral vision.Fogging, fuzziness, distortion of straight lines, small details, etc.
  2. The presence of a spot in the center of the field of view.
  3. Failure to recognize faces.

Treatment of age-related macular degeneration

Treatment is aimed at stopping the growth of new vessels:

  • drug therapy;
  • laser coagulation of the retina;
  • photodynamic therapy;
  • intraocular injections;
  • photocoagulation.


Hemorrhage into the vitreous body and surrounding structures.

Causes of hemophthalmos

The main reason is a vascular defect that occurs in diabetes mellitus, post-thrombotic retinopathy, tumors, dystrophy of the center of the retina. Other reasons:

  • eye diseases: glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, vascular disorders of the eye;
  • diseases of the body: autoimmune diseases, a sharp increase in blood pressure, diseases of the circulatory system;
  • eye injuries, poorly performed operations, severe shaking (for babies).

Hemophthalmos symptoms

In addition to an aesthetic defect, they note: blurred vision, photophobia, “flies” before the eyes and symptoms of concomitant diseases.

Hemophthalmos Treatment

The main goal is to identify the cause of the hemorrhage. In most cases, the patient needs urgent hospitalization with bed rest without visual stress (reading, writing).

Of the surgical methods, laser coagulation is used, and in a more severe form, vitrectomy (removal of the vitreous body).


Visual impairment, better known as farsightedness.

Causes of hyperopia

  1. Congenital: abnormal development of the eyeball, heredity, albinism, corneal pathology.
  2. Acquired: eye injuries, tumors, illiterate operation, infection.

Symptoms of hyperopia

  1. Inability to clearly see nearby objects.
  2. Pain and discomfort in the eyes, especially when working with small objects.
  3. Rapid eye fatigue.
  4. Excessive lacrimation.
  5. Photophobia.
  6. Headaches.

Hyperopia Treatment

  1. Vision correction with glasses or contact lenses.
  2. Drug treatment.
  3. Physiotherapy.
  4. Visual exercises, reducing visual stress, creating optimal working conditions (distance to the table, lack of glare, etc.)).
  5. Operations: laser vision correction, lens replacement.


Irreversible disease associated with increased intraocular pressure, which leads to damage to the optic nerve and blindness.

Causes of glaucoma

Increased intraocular pressure, chronic diseases of internal organs, myopia, heredity, inflammatory eye diseases, swelling, burns and eye injuries.

Glaucoma symptoms

Visual impairment: iridescent circles around the world, deterioration of the peripheral visual field, “sparks” in the eyes, blurred image, night blindness, photophobia. Eye pain, nausea, and headache are also possible.

Glaucoma Treatment

The main task is to reduce intraocular pressure. This is done with eye drops, pills, and injections. If these methods are ineffective, the patient undergoes surgery (usually the surgeon increases the outflow of intraocular fluid).


Acquired or congenital infectious inflammation of the lacrimal sac.

Causes of dacryocystitis

The main reason is the obstruction of the lacrimal canal. With congenital pathology, it occurs due to the incorrect structure of the lacrimal ducts, the presence of a non-absorbed membrane or plug. Acquired dacryocystitis occurs due to tissue edema, which can be caused by ARVI, rhinitis, trauma to the nose or eyelids, sinusitis, etc.

Dacryocystitis symptoms

  1. Painful sensations in the area of ​​the eyelid or eye.
  2. Redness, swelling of the eyelid.
  3. Abscess, purulent discharge instead of tears.
  4. Lachrymation.
  5. Fever, weakness.

Dacryocystitis treatment

  1. Drug therapy: antibacterial, immunostimulating tablets or ointments.
  2. Physiotherapy: warming up, UHF therapy, massage.
  3. Operations: opening and washing the abscess, forming the nasolacrimal canal.
  4. Refusal of contact lenses.

Color Blind

Congenital or acquired anomaly of color perception.

Causes of color blindness

  1. Heredity.
  2. Injury.
  3. Pathologies of the organs of vision (cataracts, etc.) and the central nervous system (Parkinson’s disease, etc.).
  4. Other diseases: stroke, cancer, etc.

Color blindness symptoms

Partial (from one color) or complete inability to distinguish colors. Sometimes – photophobia, watery eyes, eye pain, eye twitching.

Color blindness treatment

The disease is not cured, but the doctor can eliminate the cause.

Vitreous destruction

A disease accompanied by a complete or partial change in the chemical composition, structure and density of the gel-like substance of the vitreous body, better known as “flies before the eyes.”

Causes of destruction of the vitreous body

  1. Ophthalmic diseases: myopia, inflammatory processes, impaired blood supply and metabolism, trauma, fatigue, etc.
  2. Other diseases of the body: diabetes mellitus, vitamin deficiency, stress, pathology of internal organs, atherosclerosis, hormonal imbalance.

Symptoms of destruction of the vitreous body

Flies and spots before the eyes.

Treatment of destruction of the vitreous body

  1. Drug treatment.
  2. Massage, gymnastics for the eyes.
  3. Surgical treatment: cleavage of opacities with a laser or removal of the vitreous body.

Retinal dystrophy

Hereditary or acquired disease characterized by impaired visual function of the eye.

Causes of retinal dystrophy

  1. Age-related changes in the body.
  2. Injuries of the optic organ.
  3. Ophthalmic diseases: cataract, myopia.
  4. Vascular lesions.
  5. Diabetes mellitus.
  6. Unhealthy lifestyle.
  7. Heredity.

Symptoms of retinal dystrophy

  1. Narrowing of the field of view, blind spot.
  2. Night blindness.
  3. Decreased visual acuity.
  4. Distorted shapes of objects.
  5. Sparks, dots, spots before the eyes.
  6. Blurred image.

Treatment of retinal dystrophy

  1. Drug therapy: vitamins, antioxidants, vasodilator drops, decongestants.
  2. Physiotherapy: phono- and electrophoresis, ultrasound treatment.
  3. Surgical operations depending on the type of pathology.


Progressive clouding of the lens.Read more in the article “Cataract”.

Causes of cataract

  1. Age changes.
  2. Injuries to the eye.
  3. Radiation exposure.
  4. Congenital pathologies.
  5. Concomitant pathologies: metabolic disorders, diabetes mellitus, vitamin deficiency, ophthalmic diseases.
  6. External factors: smoking, alcoholism, poor ecology, exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

Cataract symptoms

  1. Progressive decrease in visual acuity, change in color perception, ghosting.
  2. Photosensitivity, night blindness.
  3. The appearance of glare and circles before the eyes when looking at light.
  4. Change in the color of the pupils.

Cataract treatment

  1. Drug therapy: drops and vitamins slow down the course of the disease.
  2. Operation: replacement of the affected lens with an artificial one.


Corneal inflammation.

Causes of keratitis

  1. Viruses.
  2. Bacteria.
  3. Injuries to the eye.
  4. Allergy.
  5. Avitaminosis.
  6. Incorrect wearing of contact lenses.

Keratitis symptoms

  1. Redness of the mucous membrane of the eyelid or eye.
  2. Lachrymation.
  3. Discomfort, sensation of a foreign object in the eye.
  4. Convulsive constriction of the eyelids.
  5. Photophobia.
  6. Decreased visual acuity.


Antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral drops, ointments, tablets or injection solutions.


Thinning of the cornea with a subsequent change in its shape (cone instead of a sphere).

Causes of keratoconus

The causes of the disease have not been studied, but infections, corneal injuries, endocrine disorders, heredity, stress, poor ecology, allergies contribute to its development.

Keratoconus symptoms

  1. A sharp decrease in visual acuity, including blurry images, curved contours of objects, halos around light sources.
  2. Photophobia.
  3. Rapid eye fatigue.

Keratoconus Treatment

  1. Vision correction with cylindrical glasses and rigid contact lenses.
  2. Operations: keratoplasty (corneal transplant), correction of the cornea shape with a laser, implantation of stromal rings (introduction of additional elements into the cornea).
  3. Crosslinking: impact on the cornea with drops and a special device.

Computer visual syndrome

A complex of symptoms that occur when working at a computer.

Causes of computer visual syndrome

  1. Constant continuous eye strain.
  2. Incorrect workplace ergonomics, lighting, brightness and height of the display, distance to the monitor.
  3. Radiation from the monitor and incorrect color setting.
  4. Dusty room.

Symptoms of computer visual syndrome

  1. Dry eye syndrome.
  2. Sensation of a foreign object in the eye.
  3. Headache.
  4. Rapid eye fatigue.
  5. Decreased visual acuity.
  6. Difficulty focusing on close objects after distant ones and vice versa.
  7. Photophobia.
  8. Redness of the eyes.
  9. Lachrymation.

Treatment of computer visual syndrome

It is necessary to properly equip the workplace, use artificial tear drops, test visual acuity and buy glasses for a computer.


Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball.

Causes of conjunctivitis

  1. Bacteria: chlamydia, staphylococcus, streptococcus, etc.
  2. Viruses: adenovirus, herpes.
  3. Fungi: candida, aspergillus, etc.
  4. Allergies, irritants (acrid smoke, etc.).

Conjunctivitis symptoms

  1. Swelling and redness of both eyelids.
  2. Pus, adhesion of the eyelids after sleep.
  3. Discomfort in the eye area, sensation of a foreign object.
  4. Photophobia.
  5. Lachrymation.
  6. Involuntary blinking.
  7. Dry eye syndrome.

Conjunctivitis treatment

Antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal or antiallergic ointments, drops, tablets, local immunity agents, artificial tear drops.


Permanent or intermittent deviation of one or two eyes when looking straight ahead.

Causes of strabismus

  1. Congenital: heredity, maternal diseases, smoking, alcohol consumption during pregnancy, premature birth, low birth weight.
  2. Acquired: eye diseases, infections, stress, fright, stress on the organ of vision, pathologies of the eye muscles, tumors, encephalitis, multiple sclerosis.

Strabismus treatment

  1. Eye patch.
  2. Wearing glasses or contact lenses.
  3. Electrostimulation, laser therapy, amblyocor.
  4. Surgical operations to restore the location of the eyeballs.


Visual impairment, better known as myopia.

Causes of myopia

Congenital myopia is a consequence of amblyopia and anomalies in the development of the eye. Acquired occurs due to heavy eye strain, including the growth of the eyeball. The likelihood of developing myopia is higher with unfavorable heredity, increased intraocular pressure.

Myopia symptoms

  1. Reduced visual acuity – a person does not see distant objects poorly.
  2. Discomfort in the eyes, pain, pain, fatigue.
  3. Headaches in the forehead, temples.

Myopia treatment

  1. Optical correction. Patients are prescribed contact lenses or glasses.
  2. Drug treatment. Preparations for relaxing the eye muscles, improving the condition of the retina, multivitamins, etc.
  3. Surgical operations. With the help of a laser or other methods, the shape of the cornea is changed.

Optic neuritis

Inflammation of the optic nerve.

Causes of neuritis

  1. Inflammatory diseases of the brain.
  2. Ophthalmic diseases.
  3. Diseases of other parts of the body: throat, ears, nose, teeth.
  4. Infections.
  5. Intoxication.

Symptoms of neuritis

  1. Decreased visual acuity, blurred image, including intermittent.
  2. Color distortion.
  3. Narrowing of the field of vision, the appearance of a “blind spot”.
  4. General malaise: fever, cough, runny nose, headache, vomiting, heart palpitations, dermatitis, fatigue, etc.
  5. Photophobia.
  6. Night blindness.
  7. Pain in the eyes, especially when moving.
  8. Flies, dots, flashes before the eyes.

Neuritis treatment

The doctor treats the disease that provoked neuritis.The pathology itself is treated with corticosteroids, antibiotics, vitamins, antiviral and antihistamines. Physiotherapy is rarely prescribed: magneto-, electro-, reflex- and laser therapy, ultrasound treatment.

Nervous tic

Prolonged (up to several days) eye twitching. Read more in the article “Why the eye twitches.”

Causes of a nervous tic

  1. Stress, overwork, excitement of the central nervous system.
  2. Lack of sleep.
  3. Abuse of alcohol, energy drinks, coffee.
  4. Low light operation.
  5. Lack of vitamins.
  6. Neurological diseases.

Nervous tic symptoms

  1. Eye twitching.
  2. Itching, pain and other discomfort in the eyes.

Nervous tic treatment

Elimination of the cause of the tic: rest, strengthening the immune system, proper nutrition, taking sedatives, taking care of vision, eye gymnastics.

Optical neuropathy

Damage to the fibers of the optic nerve.

Causes of optic neuropathy

  1. Circulatory disorders of the optic nerve.
  2. Cardiovascular diseases.
  3. Inflammation of the optic nerve.
  4. Tumors.
  5. Eye injuries, craniocerebral trauma.
  6. Lack of vitamins, depletion of the body.
  7. Heredity.
  8. Intoxication.
  9. Ophthalmic diseases, in particular glaucoma.

Symptoms of optic neuropathy

  1. Impaired color perception.
  2. Rapid decrease in visual acuity.
  3. Narrowing of the field of view.
  4. Pain, pressure in the eyeballs.
  5. Involuntary eye movements.
  6. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache.

Treatment of optic neuropathy

Medicines that dilate blood vessels, reduce edema and restore blood clotting, vitamin complexes. Therapy, together with an ophthalmologist, is selected by a therapist, neurologist and cardiologist.

Eyelid edema

Excessive accumulation of fluid in the eyelid area. Read more in the article “Swelling of the eyes”.

Causes of eyelid edema

  1. Ophthalmic diseases: conjunctivitis, brepharitis, barley, keratitis, etc.
  2. Diseases of the body: trauma, allergy, dermatitis, vegetative-vascular dystonia, hormonal imbalance, kidney disease, etc.
  3. Other reasons: alcohol consumption, lack of sleep, exposure to ultraviolet radiation, tattooing, insect bites, etc.

Eyelid edema symptoms

  1. Redness or pallor of the skin.
  2. Feeling of tightness in the skin.
  3. Swelling of the eyelid.
  4. Narrowing of the palpebral fissure.
  5. Discomfort in the eye area.

Treatment of eyelid edema

  1. Drug therapy, use of cosmetics (masks, etc.).
  2. Lymphatic drainage massage.
  3. Physiotherapy: electrical and myostimulation, fractional thermolysis, cryotherapy.
  4. Mesotherapy.
  5. Gymnastics for the eyes.
  6. Surgical treatment – lifting and removal of excess adipose tissue.

Retinal detachment

Separation of the inner layers of the retina from the epithelium and choroid.

Causes of retinal detachment

  1. High degree of myopia.
  2. Dystrophic changes in the retina.
  3. Injuries, physical stress.
  4. Diabetes mellitus.

Symptoms of retinal detachment

  1. Lightning and sparks in the eyes.
  2. Decreased visual acuity.
  3. Veil before the eyes.
  4. Limitation of the field of view.
  5. Distorted perception of the shape and size of objects.

Retinal Detachment Treatment

Urgent surgical treatment – the doctor closes the gap with a filling or laser coagulation.

Ophthalmic rosacea

Chronic redness of the skin with the transition to the eyes.

Causes of ophthalmic rosacea

Violation of vascular regulation.Risk factors: smoking, alcohol consumption, exposure to UV rays, cold air, temperature changes, gastrointestinal diseases, unhealthy diet.

Ophthalmic rosacea symptoms

  1. Dry and irritated eyes.
  2. Decreased visual acuity.
  3. Redness of the eyes.
  4. Itching, burning and other discomfort.
  5. Swelling of the eyelids.
  6. Eyelash loss.
  7. Dandruff and oily scales on the eyelashes and eyelids.
  8. Photophobia.
  9. Blepharitis.

Ophthalmic rosacea treatment

  1. Eye hygiene.
  2. Use of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial drops and ointments, artificial tear drops.
  3. Warm compresses, rinsing with Furacilin.
  4. Massage of the eyelids.


Growth of the conjunctiva from the corner of the eye to the center of the cornea.

Causes of pterygium

Exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Risk factors: dry eye syndrome, working at a computer, in a dusty room, poor environment, inflammatory eye diseases.

Pterygium symptoms

  1. Triangular spot on the cornea.
  2. Redness of the eye.
  3. Discomfort: sensation of a foreign object, itching, burning.
  4. Mucosal edema.
  5. Decreased visual acuity, sensation of a veil before the eyes.

Treatment of pterygium

  1. Drug treatment: corticosteroids, artificial tear drops.
  2. Surgical treatment: removal of the defect.


Age-related decrease in near visual acuity – age-related hyperopia.

Causes of Presbyopia

Loss of elasticity and ability of the lens to change curvature with age (usually after 60 years).

Presbyopia symptoms

  1. Inability to clearly see nearby objects.
  2. Eye fatigue.
  3. Headaches.
  4. General fatigue.

Presbyopia Treatment

  1. Vision correction with conventional or progressive glasses or multifocal contact lenses, monocular vision correction.
  2. Surgical treatment: replacement of the lens with an intraocular lens.


Inflammation of the retina.

Causes of retinitis

  1. Bacteria and viruses.
  2. Injuries, poorly performed eye surgeries.
  3. Exposure to sunlight.
  4. Intoxication.
  5. Allergy.

Retinitis symptoms

  1. Decreased visual acuity, the formation of “blind spots”.
  2. Image flickering, sparks in front of the eyes.
  3. Double vision.
  4. Night blindness.
  5. Change of color perception.
  6. Distorted perception of the shape of objects.

Retinitis treatment

Use of antibiotics and antiviral drugs: topically, by injection, less often orally. In case of hemorrhage, the vitreous body is removed, with retinal detachment, the gap is closed.

Dry eye syndrome

Violation of the production process and the outflow of tears.

Causes of dry eye syndrome

Insufficient tear production. Risk factors: Sjogren’s syndrome, old age, eye burns, taking medications, working in unfavorable conditions (dry, cold air, working with a computer), chronic inflammatory eye diseases, endocrine diseases.

Dry eye symptoms

  1. Dryness or vice versa lacrimation.
  2. Discomfort in the eyes: burning, stinging, feeling of a foreign body, sand in the eyes.
  3. Redness of the eyes.
  4. Photophobia.
  5. Sensation of pressure in the eyes.
  6. Tightness of the eyelids.

Dry eye treatment

  1. Artificial tear drops.
  2. Anti-inflammatory medicines.


Infection affecting the conjunctiva and cornea.

Causes of trachoma


Trachoma symptoms

  1. Redness or white appearance of the conjunctiva.
  2. Eye fatigue.
  3. Roughness of the eyelids.
  4. Purulent discharge.
  5. Discomfort in the eye area.
  6. Scars on the conjunctiva.
  7. Light sensitivity.
  8. Ptosis of the century.
  9. Formation of capsules around follicles, fusion of follicles.

Trachoma treatment

  1. Drug therapy: antibacterial solutions, drops, ointments, vitamin complexes, immunomodulators, antibiotics (injections), antimicrobial agents.
  2. Surgical methods: opening of follicles, plastic of the affected eyelid.
  3. Refusal to wear contact lenses.


Inflammation of the choroid, sometimes together with surrounding tissues.

Causes of uveitis

  1. Heredity.
  2. Infection: bacteria or viruses.
  3. Autoimmune diseases.
  4. Injuries to the eye.

Uveitis symptoms

  1. Photophobia.
  2. Decreased visual acuity, blurry, hazy image.
  3. Redness of the eyes.
  4. Pain in the eye.
  5. Lachrymation.
  6. Changing the size of the pupils, the color of the iris.
  7. Spots, flies, flashes before the eyes.
  8. Increased intraocular pressure.

Uveitis treatment

  1. Drug therapy: mydriatics (drops to dilate the pupils), hormonal, anti-inflammatory (local and intravenous), antibacterial, antiviral, antihistamines.
  2. Physiotherapy.
  3. Surgical separation of adhesions.


This disease is better known as photophobia. Read more in the article “Photophobia”.

Causes of photophobia

  1. Congenital features of the eyes.
  2. Taking medications.
  3. Long-term work at the computer.
  4. Work in adverse conditions: dry, dusty, dark room.
  5. Prolonged eye strain.
  6. Ophthalmic diseases: keratitis, conjunctivitis, etc.
  7. Diseases of the central nervous system and other pathologies.

Symptoms of photophobia

  1. Intolerance to even dim light for a long time, desire to squint.
  2. Discomfort in the eyes.
  3. Lachrymation.
  4. Increase in pupil size.
  5. Redness of the eyes.
  6. Decreased visual acuity.
  7. Spots, dots, lightning before the eyes.
  8. Eye fatigue.
  9. Headache, dizziness.

Photophobia Treatment

  1. Treatment of the disease causing photophobia.
  2. Wearing sunglasses, chameleons, computer glasses.
  3. Artificial tear drops.


The disease is better known as eversion of the lower eyelid.

Causes of eversion of the lower eyelid

  1. Congenital formed intrauterine abnormalities.
  2. Age-related decrease in muscle tone.
  3. Inflammatory diseases: conjunctivitis, blepharitis.
  4. Paralysis or paresis of the facial nerve.
  5. Various diseases of the body: Down’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, neoplasms, etc.

Symptoms of lower eyelid inversion

  1. Lacrimation.
  2. Frequent blinking.
  3. Discomfort, burning, gritty sensation in the eyes.
  4. Expansion of blood vessels in the eye.
  5. Inability to completely close the eye.
  6. Keratitis and other inflammatory diseases.

Treatment of lower eyelid inversion

Blepharoplasty: restoration of the anatomical structure of the eyelid.


Electrophthalmia, photoophthalmia or snow blindness is an inflammatory eye disease.

Causes of electrophthalmia

Intense exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation: lamps for tanning, lightning, sun, flash, searchlight, welding machine, quartz lamps, glare on water, light from snow.

Electrophthalmia symptoms

  1. Sensation of a foreign body in the eye.
  2. Discomfort in the eyes, pain, pain, irritation.
  3. Involuntary closing of the eyelids.
  4. Decreased visual acuity.
  5. Redness of the eyes.
  6. Lachrymation.
  7. Fever, headache.
  8. Corneal edema.
  9. Light sensitivity.

Electrophthalmia Treatment

  1. Eye rinsing with water or saline.
  2. Cold compresses.
  3. Drug therapy: ointments, drops, tablets for cell regeneration, with anesthetic, vasoconstrictor, healing, antibacterial action.


Barley (hordeolum) – acute purulent inflammation. Read more in the article “Barley”.

Barley causes

Bacterial infection: streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, a tick of the genus Demodex. Risk factors – hypothermia, colds, weakened immunity, oily skin, diabetes mellitus, chronic diseases of the eyes, endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, allergies, poor hygiene, poor ecology, injuries.

Barley symptoms

  1. Pimple-like swelling.
  2. Redness, swelling of the eyelid.
  3. Discomfort in the eye, itching, pain.
  4. Lachrymation.
  5. Headache, general malaise, fever, swollen lymph nodes.

Barley treatment

  1. Warm compresses.
  2. Drug therapy: antibacterial and wound-healing ointments and drops, drugs that strengthen the immune system.
  3. UHF therapy.
  4. Surgical intervention.