What to do for dehydration at home: The request could not be satisfied
Home Remedies for Dehydration
Is proper rehydration possible at home? How do you rehydrate without an IV or an expensive sports drink? We’ve searched high and low for the best home remedies for dehydration so that you can get back to your best as soon as possible.
How to rehydrate fast at home?
What do you do when you’ve just got back from the gym, spent the day in bed with the stomach flu, or wake up with a tell-tale headache from the night before? Or when you’re feeling sluggish at work? Maybe you reach for a cup of coffee, chug a load of water, or turn straight to energy drinks? Cool, but there are much more effective methods of rehydration. We’ve done the rehydration research and have summed up our research here.
Fruits and Vegetables with high water content
Some fruits and vegetables have super high water content, and therefore are a great way to increase your water intake and thus, rehydration. Did you know that strawberries are 92% water, pineapples are 87% water, and cucumber comes in at a massive 96% water. Greenblender has a great rundown of the water content of common fruits and veggies—there are heaps to choose from! Not only are these a great way to get water into your system, but they also contain vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes that will help you hydrate properly.
Soups, smoothies, and yogurt also all have high water content. With added protein, carbs, or sugars, these foods are ideal post-workout, or when you’re feeling tired (and lazy—these foods are all easy to grab on the go or quick to prepare).
Salty Solutions and Homemade Oral Rehydration Salts Solutions (ORS Solution)
‘ORS solution’ is just a technical term for a rehydration drink. It sounds fancy, but it’s actually quite simple. ORS solutions are careful combinations of salts (sodium) and sugars (glucose) ingested to help replace the water and electrolytes in your body at the right concentration. Specific ORS recipes and supplies are provided by Unicef and the World Health Organization. These supplies are used internationally to help children with watery diarrhea and work just as well at home.
You can also look to the rehydration project for easy and effective ORS solution DIY recipes.
Here’s a simple and proven recipe for a quick homemade ORS solution
- 6 teaspoons of sugar
- ½ teaspoon of salt
- 1 liter of water
Boil the water, stir in the salt and sugar, and leave to cool.
(Recipe courtesy of the rehydration project).
Natural Nutrition and Coconut Water
Coconut water is a common natural alternative to an ORS solution. Some people think of coconut water as a natural ORS solution. Coconut water contains lots of potassium and other electrolytes, and so can be a great way to achieve balanced rehydration. You can drink it straight or use it as a base for smoothies and juice drinks. Or try freezing it into popsicles for a refreshing post-workout snack.
ORS solutions and coconut water are great, but aren’t very appetizing, and not easy to make on the go! Hydrant is carefully formulated to make sure that you get exactly the right balance of electrolytes and water, along with a zingy lime taste! Check out Hydrant ingredients here. Everything you need to keep your body happy and hydrated so that you can recover quickly, keep energized, and be your best self.
10 Signs You’re Dehydrated — And How To Hydrate Fast Slideshow
10 Signs You’re Dehydrated — And How To Hydrate Fast
Whether you’re outside enjoying warm summer weather or just living a busy lifestyle, it can be all too easy to slip into dehydration. Doctors recommend that you drink at least eight glasses of water each day. However, it can be all too easy to forget. On hot summer days, it’s tempting to get caught up in walking outside or tanning on the beach while completely forgetting to sip on some water along the way.
When you are dehydrated, you want to rehydrate as fast as you can. Dehydration can be harmful to the body, taking away its ability to regulate its temperature, digestion, and other bodily processes. I know those symptoms sound scary — and the truth is, they are. It is vital to keep the fluid in your body flowing, whether it’s during a workout or in the dead of winter.
The condition can come at you fast, and so can its side effects. Disorientation, exhaustion, and nausea are only a few of the uncomfortable sensations that come with being dehydrated. There are many other symptoms of harmful dehydration, as well. Look out for these 10 signs that you’re dehydrated so you can stop the condition in its tracks — before it becomes really dangerous.
Avoid Caffeine, Junk Food, and Alcohol
Alcohol, sugary and oily foods, and caffeine are diuretics and are all linked to an increase in urine production. You’re trying to get your body to retain water, not flush it out. Not only is abstaining from these substances good for your health in the long run, but it also can prevent dehydration from happening in the future.
Make Yourself a Lime Cocktail
To make your own electrolyte-filled drink at home and avoid the negative effects of classic sports drinks, combine a mixture of fruit, salt, and sugar. For optimal hydration, you want a ten to one ratio of sugar to salt — a ratio that also helps with taste. Citrus can pack an extra hydrating boost, so we recommend using lime to go with your sugar and salt. Simply take a full glass of water, add the sugar and salt, and squeeze some lime juice in the mix.
5 Tips for Recovering from Dehydration
How much water do you drink on average? Is it five, eight, or more glasses per day?
If drinking water is the last thing on your mind, you’re at risk for dehydration. A whopping 75 percent of Americans are chronically dehydrated. What’s even worse is that many of them drink beverages with diuretic properties. Alcohol and coffee, for instance, cause your body to flush out water. Additionally, hot weather, exercise, vomiting, and diarrhea may cause dehydration even among those who drink enough water.
When you’re not properly hydrated, your body cannot function at its peak. In the worst case scenario, you may experience fever and chills, dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure, and even death.
No matter the cause, there are ways to prevent these issues before it’s too late. Check out these simple tips for recovering from dehydration:
Drink Plenty of Fluids
The first thing you need to do in case of dehydration is to drink more fluids. Water, herbal teas, fresh fruit juices, and smoothies are all a great choice.
Take small sips once every 30 minutes or so. Commit yourself to drinking at least 10 glasses of water or other fluids. Soup and broth will do the trick too.
Beware that coffee and alcoholic beverages don’t count toward your daily water intake. These drinks actually make dehydration worse.
Sip on Coconut Water
Loaded with potassium, calcium, and amino acids, coconut water hydrates your body from the inside out. This beverage is naturally rich in electrolytes, which helps ward off fatigue and raises your energy.
Due to its high potassium levels, coconut water has even been for IV hydration. Plus, it’s a healthy alternative to sports drinks. That’s why many athletes consume this beverage before and after training.
Ideally, choose an organic brand. Check the label for additives, preservatives, and hidden sugars. If you see any of these ingredients, pick a different product.
Eat High-Water Foods
Certain foods, such as leafy greens, melons, berries, and celery, are naturally high in water. This makes them ideal for those struggling with dehydration.
Fresh fruits and vegetables should come first on your list. You may also try cultured dairy foods, clear soups, green smoothies, and freshly squeezed juices.
Use Oral Rehydration Salts
Oral rehydration salts are widely available in most pharmacies and health stores. They’re usually prescribed to those suffering from diarrhea and other health issues that may cause dehydration.
These products boast a mix of electrolytes, glucose, and other nutrients that help restore your fluid balance and increase hydration levels. You can even prepare them at home using salt, water, and glucose or sugar.
Try IV Fluid Hydration
Depending on the severity of your symptoms, medical help may be required. Sometimes, recovering from dehydration is not as easy as drinking more water.
If you’re severely dehydrated, call your doctor or visit the nearest ER department. You may be prescribed IV fluid hydration, which can replace fluids lost through vomiting, diarrhea, and other health conditions.
Recovering from Dehydration Should Be a Priority
Even the slightest dehydration can affect your brain, immune system, and muscle function. It may also impact your physical performance and mental focus.
Don’t wait until it’s too late – your body needs water to survive. Recovering from dehydration should be your priority.
The first sign of dehydration is typically thirst. By the time you’re thirsty, you’re already dehydrated. The longer you wait, the more severe it gets.
If you live in Gonzales, LA, visit our clinic. We provide intravenous hydration and other emergency medical services that you may need.
Dehydration – Illnesses & conditions
Dehydration occurs when your body loses more fluid than you take in.
When the normal water content of your body is reduced, it upsets the balance of minerals (salts and sugar) in your body, which affects the way it functions.
Water makes up over two-thirds of the healthy human body. It lubricates the joints and eyes, aids digestion, flushes out waste and toxins, and keeps the skin healthy.
Some of the early warning signs of dehydration include:
- feeling thirsty and lightheaded
- a dry mouth
- having dark coloured, strong-smelling urine
- passing urine less often than usual
A baby may be dehydrated if they:
- have a sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on their head
- have few or no tears when they cry
- have fewer wet nappies
- are drowsy
The body is affected even when you lose a small amount of fluid.
Read more about the symptoms of dehydration
What causes dehydration?
Dehydration is usually caused by not drinking enough fluid to replace what we lose. The climate, the amount of physical exercise you are doing (particularly in hot weather) and your diet can contribute to dehydration.
You can also become dehydrated as a result of an illness, such as persistent vomiting and diarrhoea, or sweating from a fever.
Read more about the causes of dehydration
Who is at risk from dehydration?
Anyone can become dehydrated, but certain groups are particularly at risk. These include:
- babies and infants – they have a low body weight and are sensitive to even small amounts of fluid loss
- older people – they may be less aware that they are becoming dehydrated and need to keep drinking fluids
- people with a long-term health condition – such as diabetes or alcoholism
- athletes – they can lose a large amount of body fluid through sweat when exercising for long periods
What to do
If you’re dehydrated, drink plenty of fluids such as water, diluted squash or fruit juice. These are much more effective than large amounts of tea or coffee. Fizzy drinks may contain more sugar than you need and may be harder to take in large amounts.
If you’re finding it difficult to keep water down because you’re vomiting, try drinking small amounts more frequently.
Infants and small children who are dehydrated shouldn’t be given large amounts of water alone as the main replacement fluid. This is because it can dilute the already low level of minerals in their body too much and lead to other problems.
Instead, they should be given diluted squash or a rehydration solution (available from pharmacies). You might find a teaspoon or syringe can be helpful for getting fluid into a young child.
If left untreated, severe dehydration can be serious and cause fits (seizures), brain damage and death.
Read more about treating dehydration
When to see your GP
See your GP if your symptoms continue, despite drinking plenty of fluids, or if you think your baby or toddler is dehydrated.
If your GP suspects dehydration, you may have a blood test or a urine test to check the balance of salts (sodium and potassium) in your body.
Contact your GP, out-of-hours service or NHS 24 111 service straight away if you have any of the following symptoms:
- extreme thirst
- feeling unusually tired (lethargic) or confused
- not passing urine for eight hours
- rapid heartbeat
- dizziness when you stand up that doesn’t go away after a few seconds
You should also contact your GP if your baby has had six or more episodes of diarrhoea in the past 24 hours, or if they have vomited three times or more in the past 24 hours.
5 Effective Herbal Remedies for Dehydration
Do you constantly feel fatigued throughout the day and thirsty even after drinking several glasses of water? This may be because your body is not retaining enough water and is asking for more.
Summer is getting intense and the need to keep yourself hydrated has increased to the power infinity. In this scorching heat, your body tends to lose water and mineral salts at a fast pace, a phenomenon known as dehydration, which is a common problem in all age-groups. If not treated well on time, chronic dehydration could be fatal. Dehydration disrupts metabolic processes and can affect all organs of the body. You may not get enough time to keep yourself hydrated, but considering the health hazards dehydration may have on your body, you must look at curing it immediately.According to our Ayurveda Expert MA Choudhary from AyurTree Herbal, drinking water can certainly prevent dehydration. “During a hot summer day, a person should generally drink about two to four litres of water so as to help in the proper functioning of the organs and boost overall health. Dehydration affects vital organs of the body like brain, kidney, liver, stomach, lungs etc by hampering the oxygen supply to the brain. Due to lack of water or moisture, the motility of vital nutrients and minerals decreases, and overall energy reduces because the brain gets exhausted and fatigued easily. (Also Read: Does Drinking Coffee Dehydrate You? We Have The Answer)Drinking water can certainly prevent dehydrationAs stated in the The Complete Book of Ayurvedic Home Remedies by Vasant Lad, take a teaspoon of natural sugar, add it in a glass of water, add one teaspoon of lime juice and then a pinch of salt and sip it throughout the day. It is one of the most effective remedies. Certain herbs can help too in treating dehydration.
Here are some of the most effective herbs that will help you deal with dehydration:
1. ChamomileChamomile is considered as a great re-hydrating agent, along with being an analgesic and de-stressing herb. It also comes as a de-caffeinated tea option that further helps you keep hydrated by replacing the fluids lost due to dehydration. Take about two to three dried chamomile flowers (or tea) in a cup of hot water and let it soak for 10 minutes before straining it. Have two to three cups of chamomile tea every day. (Also Read: 8 Ayurvedic Tips To Keep Cool In Summer; Stay Healthy!)Chamomile is considered a great rehydrating agent2. ElderflowerElderflower helps in reducing the body temperature and lessen the need of expelling heat from the body through evaporation. When evaporation comes down, fluid retention automatically goes up. Take elderflowers and crush them in to fine powder. Consume one-two teaspoons of this powder with water at least two times every day. You can also make a herbal tea and consume it daily for better results.
Elderflower helps reducing the body temperature3.AsparagusAsparagus helps the body to retain fluids, thereby preventing dehydration. It is super rich in fiber that stimulates absorption of water in the body. It also cools down your body temperature in this heat. You can use asparagus in various salads and vegetables or consume in the form of tea, supplements, etc.(Also Read: 7 Foods You Must Have Regularly to Avoid Dehydration in Summers)You can use asparagus in various salads and vegetables4. Willow BarkOne of the most sought after and recommended herbal remedy is willow bark. The inner bark of the willow tree is believed to have medicinal properties and is used to cure acute headaches caused by dehydration. It has cooling properties that help in keeping the body temperature low. It also helps reduce cramps in the stomach, pain and inflammation. You can consume it in
the form of tincture, herbal tea or even supplements.5. Licorice (Mulethi)Licorice or mulethi is a favoured herb in Indian households and is used in several ways. It helps in cooling your body temperature and prevents heat stroke, dehydration and fatigue. It can be consumed in the form of a decoction, further keeping the body cool and hydrated. Mulethi water can be consumed by soaking the roots in water for some time before straining it.(Also Read: 8 Most Hydrating Drinks Besides Water)Mulethi water can be consumed by soaking the roots in waterTulsi, amla, pudina, neemleaves and coriander seeds also help in curing dehydration as they have a cooling effect on the body, further reducing pitta dosha and keeping your body hydrated. Although these herbs have positive effects on your body, it is recommended to consult your doctor or health expert before consuming them. The effects may vary based on the severity of dehydration.
How to prevent dehydration when you’re sick
Drinking enough fluids is important for everyday wellness, but it becomes a crucial element of care when you are sick.
Staying hydrated helps the body’s organs and muscles work properly. To stay hydrated, drink decaffeinated beverages (mainly water) throughout the day, not just when you’re thirsty.
When you’re sick with vomiting or diarrhea, it’s even more important to drink water, as your body loses essential fluid it needs to function. Yet, it’s not always easy to hydrate when you aren’t feeling well — nausea and fatigue can prevent you from wanting to swallow anything.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers advice to help you avoid dehydration when sick, including:
- If you aren’t eating well, drink liquids. Avoid alcohol or drinks with caffeine in them such as soft drinks, tea and coffee.
- Older adults and people with kidney problems should check with their doctor about safe amounts of liquid to drink when sick.
- Try clear fluids such as water, broth or sports drinks.
- Use a squeeze bottle or a straw if you’re too weak to drink from a cup. Try sucking on ice chips or ice pops.
- Continue to nurse or bottle feed your baby. Babies get all the fluid they need from breastfeeding or formula.
It’s extremely important to avoid dehydration. Mild cases can be treated at home, but severe dehydration often requires hospitalization.
If you’re dehydrated, it may not always be obvious. One telltale sign is dark yellow-colored urine. When you are hydrated enough, your urine will be clear or very pale yellow.
Sometimes when you don’t drink enough water, you can get a headache or migraine, too.
Call your primary care physician or visit an Edward-Elmhurst Health Immediate Care Center if you notice these symptoms (in children or adults):
- Not able to make tears
- Producing less than a normal amount of urine. In babies you may see fewer wet diapers or diapers that weigh less than normal.
- Dried-out skin that takes a long time to go back to position when pinched
- Dry mouth or dry eyes
- Fast heartbeat
- Blood in the stool or blood in vomit
- A child with a fever for 12 or more hours who is not able to drink fluids, is throwing up or having diarrhea
- The child may be cranky or irritable, hard to wake up, have little energy or appear “rag doll weak.”
Book your next appointment online or download the MyEEHealthTM mobile app.
Get quick, convenient, advanced medical care — right here, right now. Our Immediate Care Centers are a convenient option for dehydration caused by illness. Check locations and wait times.
At Edward-Elmhurst Health, your safety and well-being continue to remain our top priority. Learn more about our Safety Commitment.
When to Visit ER for Treatment
What is Dehydration?
Dehydration happens when your body uses more water than you are drinking. The result is your body doesn’t have enough water or other fluids to carry on its normal functions. Mild dehydration is easy to reverse – simply drink more water. Severe dehydration, on the other hand, requires immediate treatment.
During hot weather or in times of illness, the body may not have the amount of fluids it needs to function properly. Sweating, fever, vomiting and diarrhea deplete the body of fluids and can cause medical emergency.
Dehydration can be a major problem in most cities in Texas including Houston, Sugar Land, Austin and College Station, TX. If you have become overheated and are experiencing the symptoms of dehydration, you should visit the emergency room near you immediately to make sure you do not pass out or have other severe side effects of being dehydrated.
Our 24-hour emergency rooms treat dehydrated patients. Our board-certified physicians are available 24/7 and wait times in our ER is 10 minutes or less.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Dehydration is not always obvious and there is usually no reliable indication that your body needs water. Most older people, for instance, do not always feel thirsty until it may be too late and they are already dehydrated. That is why it is essential that you drink water when the weather is hot or during illness.
Here are a few symptoms of dehydration that you should be aware of. Go to the nearest emergency room immediately if you notice any of these symptoms of dehydration.
Signs of Dehydration in Adults
- Extreme thirst
- Fatigue or excessive tiredness
- Dark-colored urine
- Less frequent urination or less urge to urinate
Signs of Dehydration in Children
- Irritability or listlessness
- Sunken eyes
- Dry mouth or tongue
- Lack of tears when crying
- Sunken cheeks
- Diapers not wet after three hours
- Sunken soft spot on top of head
Causes of Dehydration
Sometimes dehydration results because you are just too busy or you forget to drink enough water. Other times, it could happen because you are traveling, hiking or you are just in a place where you do not have access to safe drinking water. Whatever the reason, here are a few factors that can cause medical emergencies.
Severe Diarrhea – Severe diarrhea can cause you to lose a lot of water in a short amount of time. A sudden onset of diarrhea may be caused by a reaction to medication, food disorders, food poisoning, a bacterial infection or a viral infection.
This can quickly lead to severe dehydration and should be addressed by a medical professional as quickly as possible.
Vomiting – Loss of water from vomiting may be from sickness or a reaction to food or medicine. Vomiting that is coupled with sudden onset of diarrhea raises the risk for severe and sudden dehydration.
Fever – When there is a fever, the human body uses fluids to fight it off. The higher the temperature rises the more fluid your body uses. If fever is associated with vomiting or diarrhea, there is an increased risk for dehydration, especially in the very young and the elderly.
Increased Urination – This symptom may indicate an underlying medical condition that has yet to be diagnosed. Signs of increased urination may lead to dehydration and should be discussed with a medical professional.
Chronic Illness – Having a chronic illness means that the body has to work harder to maintain fluid levels. Those with chronic cough, diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and other conditions need to stay properly hydrated.
Sweating – Participation in sports or working out in humid weather can lead to excessive sweating. If fluids are not replaced during the activity, the body’s fluid level can become depleted and you could become dehydrated. This is especially a concern for children and young adults as they may not know the warning signs of dehydration.
Children and infants – Young children are more likely to experience diarrhea. Additionally, a young child may not be able to communicate the warning signs of dehydration such as dry mouth, headache, dry skin, sleepiness, or constipation.
Elderly – As people age, the ability of the body to conserve water is reduced. This factor combined with medical conditions such as diabetes or dementia can lead to a depletion of water in the body. It is important that elderly people take care to hydrate even when eating smaller and fewer meals.
Other factors – When living at or visiting a higher altitude, breathing rate and rate of urination may increase. These factors can lead to dehydration.
When to seek medical Treatment for Dehydration
Signs of dehydration include feelings of thirst, little urination, irritability of children, lack of tears when crying, headache, and constipation. If you or your children are experiencing any of these symptoms, visit SignatureCare Emergency Center ERs for complete medical examination, diagnosis and treatment.
Visit our emergency room immediately if you are experiencing the following:
- Eyes that appear sunken
- Skin that has no elasticity
- Rapid heartbeat and breathing
- Sunken soft spot on a baby’s head
- Low blood pressure
Dehydration can lead to very serious medical complications. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please visit one of our emergency room locations in Houston (Montrose, Heights, Memorial City), Stafford, Sugar Land, Austin and College Station TX. We are here to help you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Schedule an emergency room appointment.
90,000 Don’t let yourself dry up! Why is dehydration dangerous? Proper nutrition | Health
With a loss of slightly more than 10% of the moisture contained in the body, a person falls into a coma, with a deficit of 20%, he dies. Therefore, it is impossible to allow dehydration, or, as doctors say, dehydration.
We have a rest – we drink water
We experience a slight degree of dehydration every morning after sleep. At night, all the systems of our body continue to work, and the water that is vital for them is not supplied.Because of this, by the morning the blood thickens, the blood pressure rises. Therefore, for hypertensive patients (and for everyone else) there is nothing more useful than drinking a glass of water before breakfast, with lemon juice.
Dehydration of the body can also occur during active sports or with increased physical activity. And if it is very hot outside, then dehydration can occur due to prolonged exposure to the hot air from the heat. Therefore, you should always take a bottle of water with you to the fitness room and on a summer walk.
However, the most dangerous cases of dehydration are observed with intoxication of the body. In case of acute intestinal infections, food poisoning, accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, as well as at high temperatures with increased sweating, both adults and even more so children must urgently replenish the loss of moisture.
Time to take action
Thirst and dry mouth are not the only symptoms of dehydration. Dehydration, which causes an imbalance in the body’s water and electrolyte balance, can manifest itself in a different way.For example, cause headache, fatigue, rapid pulse, dizziness.
With a severe degree of dehydration, a person develops cardiovascular and respiratory failure, and renal function worsens.
In order not to bring the situation to trouble, it is important in all potentially dangerous situations to start rehydration measures as early as possible – that is, to replenish the moisture that has left the body. You can determine that it is necessary by the following criteria:
- vomiting or diarrhea;
- increased body temperature;
- rare urination (if you have not urinated for 6 hours, you should immediately consult a doctor).
90 021 dry skin and mucous membranes;
90,021 lack of tears, dry eyes;
90,021 agitated or depressed state;
It would seem, what could be easier than to replenish moisture reserves? Drinking more is enough! Unfortunately, the problem is not always easy to solve. Indeed, in addition to water, the body also loses vital salts of potassium, sodium, chlorine. That is why it is optimal to use ready-made pharmaceutical preparations – solutions for oral rehydration, the composition of which is specially selected to correct dehydration. These modern remedies replace the loss of fluid and electrolytes, and contribute to the normalization of metabolism.Such preparations contain sodium and potassium salts and glucose, which gives the body energy. And also silicon dioxide, which acts as an enterosorbent: getting into the gastrointestinal tract, this substance absorbs pathogenic bacteria that can provoke diarrhea.
If the pharmacy is far away, you can prepare the solution yourself at home. In one liter of boiled water, you need to dissolve 2 tablespoons of sugar and 1 tablespoon of table salt. The following recipe is also effective: per liter of warm boiled water – half a tablespoon of table salt and 1 teaspoon of soda.You can also drink orange juice to replenish your potassium chloride levels.
The volume of injected fluid is calculated as follows: 30-50 ml per kilogram of body weight with a mild degree of dehydration and 40-80 ml per kilogram of body weight with a moderate degree of dehydration. You need to take solutions often, every 15 minutes, but little by little (100-150 ml), slowly and in small sips – taking too quickly can cause vomiting. You need to drink no more than 1500 ml per hour.
90,000 Dehydration in children | Pediatrician Grechanichenko Elena Andreevna
Dehydration in children: how to determine and what to do?
Dehydration (dehydration) – a state of fluid deficiency in the body, usually in combination with a lack of trace elements.
Dehydration often occurs in sick babies and requires some effort on the part of the parents.
Causes of dehydration in children
Why and when does dehydration occur?
- high body temperature for a long time;
- repeated vomiting;
- Frequent loose stools (diarrhea).
At high air temperatures for a long time (heat in summer), due to increased sweating, fluid deficiency can also develop.
It is understood that dehydration occurs in the presence of some underlying medical condition (eg, acute intestinal infection, acetonemia syndrome, acute respiratory infection with high fever, pneumonia).
The younger the child, the faster he loses fluid and electrolytes, “loses weight before our eyes, cheeks fall off.”
If the balance between the loss of fluid and its replenishment is observed, the baby recovers more easily.
If fluid loss due to high temperatures, persistent vomiting, or repeated diarrhea is significant, dehydration develops.
Symptoms of dehydration in children
If your child:
- feels good, active;
- does not feel thirsty, drinks and urinates as usual;
- Skin and mucous membranes are not dry.
This means that there is no shortage of fluid.
What to do if symptoms of dehydration appear?
Then it is possible to examine the child with the appointment of treatment at home under the supervision of a doctor.
The doctor will definitely add a plentiful drink to the treatment of the underlying disease.The volume of drinking depends on the age of the baby, the main diagnosis, but even for children of the first year of life it is at least 600 ml, starting from 1 year old – 1 liter per day, for children from 2 years old – up to 1.5 liters or more.
What to drink? Any safe drink: weak tea, compote, dried fruit decoction.
If time is lost, the baby’s condition quickly deteriorates, dehydration develops:
- the baby is restless or lethargic;
- drinks a little and only with an insistent offer.
90,021 sunken eyes;
90,021 cries, but there are few tears;
90 021 skin and visible mucous membranes dry;
Attention! The baby is dehydrated and needs a mandatory, persistent DRINKING, 1-2 sips every 5-10 minutes. With this mode of drinking, the risk of vomiting is minimal.
Timely and adequate rehydration therapy (drinking) is the main condition for the successful treatment of moderate dehydration, including diarrhea. Early administration of oral solutions can effectively treat most babies at home and avoid hospitalization.
How to give a child a drink when dehydrated?
Ideally: solutions for oral rehydration – rehydron, “ionica”, “electrolyte”
In life: uzvar, weak tea, boiled water, “borjomi” without gas.
The solution can be sweetened, but 40% glucose solutions are strongly discouraged for diarrhea.
That is, if the child only agrees to water, this is better than nothing.
Do not drink if you are dehydrated – juices, milk, fermented baked milk, concentrated compotes.
How much, in what volume to drink during dehydration?
There are schemes for calculating the amount of liquid depending on weight and age. And in practice, this is how: intensive drinking of 5-10 ml every 10-15 minutes is carried out for 6-10 hours.If a child becomes more active, shows interest, asks for a drink and begins to urinate (pee) more, then – well done! We got drunk!
Let’s continue in the same spirit for the next couple of days.
Do you remember that dehydration develops against the background of some kind of disease? Those. we continue to treat him (under the supervision of a doctor) and maintain the volume of the necessary fluid.
Required fluid recovery criteria:
- active baby;
- drinks well, appetite is restored;
- skin and visible mucous membranes not dry;
90,021 frequency of urination and the amount of urine is not less than before the disease.
A completely different tactic, if the baby categorically refuses to drink and the efforts of the parents were unsuccessful.
Compulsory hospitalization for dehydration
The child’s dehydration progresses if:
- baby is lethargic, sleeps or naps almost all the time;
- urinates rarely and little.
90 021 skin and visible mucous membranes dry;
90,021 sunken eyes;
90,021 crying without tears;
90,021 baby refuses to drink any;
If you observe any of the signs described above in a child, hospitalization and intravenous drip of glucose-saline solutions are necessary. At the same time, continue to offer oral rehydration solutions to the child.
The duration of treatment for the underlying disease is determined by the doctor.
Take care of your children! Be healthy!
90,000 Violation of water metabolism – causes of occurrence, in which diseases it occurs, diagnosis and treatment methods
The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication. In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, diagnostic tests should be prescribed only by the attending physician. For a diagnosis and correct treatment prescription, you should contact your doctor.
Violation of water metabolism: causes, diseases in which it develops, methods of diagnosis and treatment.
Most of the water is contained in the body of babies – up to 86%. Then its level gradually begins to decline, reaching a minimum in the elderly.
Water works as a solvent, forms the basis of biological media, participates in various biochemical reactions, thermoregulation and performs many other functions.
Every second, our body loses a certain amount of water with respiration in the form of vapor. Other ways to eliminate fluid from the body are sweating, the production of enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract.
However, the largest amount of water in a healthy person is excreted from the body by the kidneys.
In the process of passing blood through the kidneys, water, mineral and organic substances enter the urine, which are not required by the body due to their harmfulness or excess.
To compensate for the loss of fluid, the body needs its intake from the outside. Natural water replenishment occurs through drinking and eating. Intravenous administration is used in severe dehydration to quickly replenish fluid loss or the inability to consume food and water by mouth.
Fluid in our body is conditionally subdivided into intracellular and extracellular.Intracellular fluid, as the name suggests, is present inside the cell and is delimited by a semi-permeable membrane from the space surrounding the cell. Outside the cell, fluid is found in the intercellular space and inside the blood and lymph vessels.
The water balance in the body should be understood not just the total amount of water, but also its distribution between the listed structures, which directly affects the vital activity of human organs and tissues.
Varieties of water exchange disorders
Depending on the total water content in the human body, water metabolism disorders can be divided into dehydration (decrease in the total amount of water) and overhydration (excess water).
Dehydration is manifested by a decrease in the amount of urine discharge, dryness of mucous membranes, often accompanied by a pronounced feeling of thirst, a decrease in skin elasticity, in more severe cases, a clinical picture of damage to certain organs develops, primarily the nervous system in the form of general weakness, drowsiness, disturbance or loss of consciousness.
Excess water in the body, on the contrary, is manifested by the formation of peripheral edema, primarily edema of the subcutaneous fat, as well as the accumulation of fluid in the cells, intercellular space and various body cavities: in the pleural cavity, abdominal cavity, etc.
Separately, the change in the amount of water in the vascular bed is distinguished: states hypovolemia (insufficient blood volume) and hypervolemia (excess blood volume).
Possible causes of a violation of water exchange
Above, the main ways of entering and excreting fluid from the body were considered. Proceeding from this, it becomes clear that kidney diseases, accompanied by increased urination, lead to dehydration, and kidney damage with the inability to perform the filtration function by them – to overhydration.
Lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, which occur with severe repeated vomiting and diarrhea, can cause imbalance in water balance due to excessive fluid loss.
The endocrine system plays an important role in the regulation of water exchange. Thus, an increase in the concentration of antidiuretic hormone leads to fluid retention in the body, and an increase in the production of atrial natriuretic hormone leads to its increased excretion. In addition, other hormones, such as aldosterone, indirectly affect the water balance through changes in the concentration of salts in the body.
It is important to remember that glucose is an osmotically active substance that can attract water. In the case of an excessive amount of glucose in the blood, for example, in diabetes mellitus, it begins to be excreted in the urine and carries water with it, which also leads to the development of severe dehydration.
Which diseases develop water metabolism disorders
Water metabolism disorders can occur with various kidney diseases and, as a rule, are signs of renal failure.With acutely developed renal dysfunction, for example, with shock, chemical poisoning, some inflammatory diseases, water retention in the body usually occurs (overhydration). While chronically developing kidney disease can be accompanied by both overhydration and hypohydration (depending on the stage of the process).
One of the common causes of chronic kidney disease is arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
Other endocrine diseases that lead to severe dehydration include diabetes insipidus – a group of diseases based on disruption of the antidiuretic hormone system.Congenital dysfunction of the adrenal cortex, or adrenogenital syndrome, can be accompanied by severe imbalances in the balance of salts in the body and impaired fluid metabolism.
Acute intestinal infections, chronic eating disorders accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, some congenital diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children, such as pyloric stenosis, often lead to dehydration and disruption of the body’s water-salt balance.
Which doctors should I contact when symptoms of a water metabolism disorder appear
Among the diseases that lead to a violation of fluid metabolism, there are disorders of a wide variety of organs and systems that require specific types of examination and treatment.Therefore, in the event of symptoms of a violation of water metabolism, you should first contact a generalist, such as a therapist or pediatrician. As the clinical and laboratory-instrumental examination is carried out, the organ system involved in the development of water disorders is determined, therefore, it may be necessary to consult an endocrinologist, nephrologist, gastroenterologist, infectious disease specialist, etc.
Diagnostics and examinations in case of disorders of water exchange
The basis of the initial diagnosis of diseases that cause disorders of water exchange is a carefully collected history of the development of a pathological condition.The doctor conducts a survey of the patient, during which he clarifies the possible causes, timing, course of the disease, the treatment carried out, etc.
After a clinical examination of various organs and systems, as a rule, laboratory and instrumental confirmation of the diagnosis is required. The patient is prescribed a study of the concentration of glucose in the blood in order to exclude diabetes mellitus.
What is dehydration, why it is dangerous and how to quench your thirst properly.
What is dehydration?
Dehydration is a condition of the body in which it lacks water for the normal functioning of organs.
Risk group and causes of dehydration
Of course, everyone can get dehydrated (we lose moisture every day in sweat and urine). However, there are factors that are especially dangerous due to the fact that they lead to very rapid dehydration.
People with disorders and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), because they often have symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, in which a person very quickly loses moisture from the body.
People with urinary tract infections are also susceptible to rapid onset of dehydration.
Small children (especially newborns and babies). Their fluid loss occurs faster (due to the characteristics of the still unformed organism and the ratio of body proportions).
Elderly people with poor kidney function.
Why is dehydration dangerous?
Kidney damage, as well as disruption of the heart and brain.The worst consequence is death, so people with severe dehydration are injected intravenously in the hospital.
It is noteworthy that with severe dehydration, a person, on the contrary, does not want to drink.
What is chronic dehydration?
Chronic dehydration is a condition in the body in which a constant lack of water causes organ failure. It entails indigestion, rapid aging of the skin, malfunction of the circulatory system and diseases of the genitourinary system of the body.Subsequently, dehydration can also lead to depression, as lack of water also impairs brain function.
general weakness (fatigue and drowsiness)
dark circles under the eyes
dark yellow urine
With severe dehydration, already life-threatening, the symptoms are even worse – fainting and confusion.
To find out if you are dehydrated, you can do a little test: pinch your skin and see how quickly it returns to its previous position. If it is slow, you have dehydration.
How to avoid dehydration and its negative effects?
Drink water, not drinks that compensate or supposedly replace it and quench your thirst. Cold lemonade, juices and sodas, contrary to advertisements, do not quench your thirst, but only increase dehydration.They usually contain a lot of sugar or harmful sweeteners like aspartame. In addition, preservatives and flavor enhancers are often added to such drinks, which will make you even more thirsty and stimulate the desire for another glass. Subsequently, addiction to these drinks may develop (especially in adolescents).
What kind of drinks really quench your thirst?
No lemonade, but homemade water with lemon and mint added and chilled in the refrigerator is just that.To prevent dehydration, you need to drink a sufficient amount of clean and high-quality drinking water with low mineralization every day. The most optimal volume is considered to be 1.5-2 liters per day. It is advisable to choose water of the highest category.
It is worth noting that you should not get too carried away with replenishing the water balance, pouring another half liter or a liter of water into yourself. Excessive drinking of water can also negatively affect health (for example, the leaching of nutrients and trace elements, as well as a large burden on the kidneys).Drinking plenty of water is already 2-3 liters per day. Drinking more water than the body needs is not worth it. Drinking plenty of fluids is usually prescribed by doctors for any diseases. In other cases, you need to adhere to the generally accepted norm of 1.5-2 liters of clean water per day.
© Aqua Melody Magazine
Date of publication: 17.07.2019
How does the first category of drinking water differ from the highest?
How is artesian water different from mountain water?
How does baby water differ from normal adult water?
What to do with tachycardia
Tachycardia is a condition of the body in which a person’s heartbeat can increase up to 250 beats per minute.Usually, attacks disappear when the cause of the disease is eliminated. But for symptomatic treatment, there are pills for tachycardia.
Causes of tachycardia
In addition to a stressful situation, strong emotional experiences and physical exertion, a lack of oxygen in a stuffy room can provoke a physiological tachyarrhythmia. Also, heart rhythms become more frequent when the body temperature is over 38 degrees. Signs of tachycardia appear with allergies, after strong coffee, tea or alcohol.
Pathological tachyarrhythmia develops against the background of various diseases:
- suffered a heart attack;
- vascular dystonia;
- ischemic heart disease;
- reduced pressure;
- dehydration of the body.
Symptoms of tachycardia also occur in people who have undergone heart surgery or with an overdose of cardiac glycosides during medication.
Signs of tachycardia
Symptoms of tachycardia can be determined independently:
- heart palpitations;
- lack of oxygen;
90,021 darkness in the eyes;
90,021 shortness of breath;
90,021 chest pain.
Symptoms of tachycardia may be less pronounced, without fainting and pain in the heart. If an attack occurs only after exertion or as a result of shock, and the heart rate is quickly restored without taking medication for tachycardia, then this is a manifestation of a physiological tachyarrhythmia that does not require treatment.If these symptoms appear for no apparent reason, you should consult a doctor.
If you have tachycardia, what should you do?
Many people start to panic with tachycardia and do not know what to do in this case. At the first symptoms of tachycardia, try to calm down, unbutton the collar to allow air flow. You can take a medicine – valerian or motherwort tincture helps against tachycardia. There are also more effective medications, but they can only be taken as directed by a doctor.
In addition, washing with ice water or a cold compress on the forehead will help with an attack of tachycardia. You should breathe as deeply as possible – this will lower your heart rate.
If attacks recur, see a doctor.
Prevention of tachycardia
Instead of regularly drinking pills for tachycardia, to prevent the disease, you should stop smoking, alcohol, strong black tea and coffee. You should also follow the daily regimen – go to bed and wake up according to the schedule.Limiting physical activity will also help get rid of unwanted tachycardia attacks.
Our cardiology department has modern equipment that will allow you to undergo a complete examination and pinpoint the cause of the tachycardia.
Our clinics in St. Petersburg
Medical Center South-West
Etc.Marshal Zhukov 28k2
- Veterans Avenue
- Leninsky Prospect
You can get detailed information and make an appointment by calling
+7 (812) 640-55-25
How to recognize dehydration: 6 unusual signs
Every cell in the body needs water, because biological processes take place in a liquid medium.Therefore, with dehydration, unpleasant symptoms occur: dizziness, headache, fatigue and more serious disorders. This is no longer news to the readers of Lifehacker, but check again if you know your body well.
1. You don’t sweat much during exercise
Whether you like it or not, your body must sweat a lot during an intense workout. Everything is obvious here: insufficient fluid release will lead to overheating, which will negatively affect the body’s work and well-being.To keep your workout in hot weather safe, add one or two more glasses to your daily water intake.
2. Your skin is oily and dry at the same time
If you are unsure whether your skin is oily or dry, it may be due to dehydration. When the skin lacks water, it becomes dry, but it still shines. Sound familiar? Chances are, you have oily, dehydrated skin. Drink more.
3. Your breath becomes offensive
Halitosis (bad breath) can be caused by a variety of causes, from problems with your teeth and gums to indigestion.But one of the easily eliminated causes is a lack of saliva. After all, it is its bactericidal properties that prevent the development of bacteria. Have you noticed that your mouth starts to smell? Rinse out your mouth and drink some water.
4. You constantly want to eat
So nature has ordered that one part of the brain is responsible for the feeling of hunger and thirst – the hypothalamus. Sometimes confusion occurs and we misinterpret brain signals. Instead of reaching for extra ice cream, pour yourself a glass of water.Watch how your body reacts to water when you are hungry: if hunger decreases, then you are actually lacking water, not food.
5. You seem to be sick all the time
Of course, there may be more serious causes of constant malaise, which will only be revealed by a full examination. But lack of water plays a role in maintaining good immunity. Delivery of nutrients to cells and excretion of waste products occur in the liquid phase. Therefore, before you attribute chronic illness to yourself, try increasing your water intake.
6. You are gaining weight despite a diet
Are you monitoring your diet, leading an active lifestyle, but still getting better? Perhaps it’s the water. If you use calorie tracking apps, you’ve probably noticed that they ask you to record water as well, although there are no calories in it. The point is that dehydration slows down your metabolism. Therefore, if you are eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly, remember to drink enough fluids as well.
As you can see, the lack of water in the body is manifested not only by thirst.When I don’t have enough water, I want sweets, soda or beer, although I have not consumed these foods for a long time. Long-term experiments have shown that only water will bring calmness in such a situation.
What strange symptoms of dehydration have you noticed? Share in the comments!
Sore throat. What to do to make
Sore throat – one of the signs of the development of the inflammatory process in the back of the throat, tonsils. There are many reasons for this – general hypothermia of the body, infection, allergic factor, excessive consumption of cold drinks, ice cream, as well as overdrying or injury to the mucous membrane.
Depending on the cause of the development of the disease and the severity of the inflammation, in addition to pain, a person may be disturbed by chills, runny nose, shortness of breath, hoarseness, hyperthermia, malaise, headache.
To quickly overcome the disease, you need to know which drugs will be most effective in this case. Only a doctor can accurately determine the treatment tactics. At the medical center Health of the capital, you can seek help from a family doctor or an otolaryngologist.Based on the results of the diagnosis, the specialist will give recommendations on the treatment of the disease and the prevention of its re-development.
Local treatment of sore throat is as follows.
- Rinsing is an important part of therapy. The composition of the solutions includes antiseptic, anti-inflammatory components. So, it is recommended to gargle with drugs such as Furacilin, Miramistin, Rotokan, OKI, Chlorophyllipt, Givalex. At home, you can prepare a soda-salt solution – for 250 ml of warm water, you need 1 teaspoon of each component.If desired, a drop of iodine can be added to the finished solution (if there is no intolerance to iodine-containing drugs). Gargling is recommended 4 times a day, preferably after meals.
- Throat sprays with analgesic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory action – Orasept, Bioparox, Cameton, Tantum Verde, Strepsils, Hexoral. Irrigate the throat mucosa 3 times a day (in between rinses).
- Lozenges (Decatilen, Trachisan, Faringosept, Grammidin) – used to temporarily relieve sore throat.
If bacteria have become the cause of pain, as, for example, with angina, doctors recommend taking antibacterial agents (Amoxiclav, Flemoxin Solutab). In case of viral infection of the body, antiviral agents are prescribed (Arbidol, Kagocel, Ingavirin). When the temperature rises, antipyretic drugs should be taken – Nimesil, Ibuprofen, Paracetamol.
In addition to taking medications, in the treatment of sore throat, it is necessary to adhere to the general recommendations for the regimen, namely:
- drink plenty of fluids, which will reduce the concentration of toxins in the blood, accelerate their excretion, and also reduce the temperature and prevent dehydration;
- to consume “soft” food, which will not be able to additionally injure the mucous membrane of the throat;
- drink rosehip broth, warm tea with lemon, honey, raspberries, currants;
- control the level of humidity in the room – not less than 60%, which will prevent overdrying of the mucous throat;
- dress for the weather, avoiding hypothermia, and wear a scarf during the cold season;
- , if possible, try to breathe through the nose;
- should avoid rooms with air conditioning, drafts in the heat;
- do not shout, laugh out loud, so as not to strain your vocal cords.
90,021 quit smoking;
As for traditional medicines, you should be careful with new recipes, as allergic reactions often develop. Thus, you can aggravate the course of the disease, increase the swelling of the tissues of the throat and provoke the appearance of shortness of breath. Warming procedures in the neck area are not recommended until the cause of the disease is known. If there is an infection, purulent inflammation in the tonsils or throat, heat can spread bacteria and damage healthy tissue.