Cracked skin treatment: The request could not be satisfied
5 Ways to Treat Deep Cracks and Bleeding
When you have psoriasis, you have patches of thick red skin. In severe cases, they can split open. This causes deep cracks, or “fissures.”
There are ways you can ease the pain and treat the bleeding.
1. Treat the cuts.
First, stop the bleeding. Use a clean cloth or bandage to apply steady pressure for 10 minutes. Don’t lift it up to check the wound. When the bleeding stops, rinse the area with cool or lukewarm water. This helps prevent infection.
2. Seal the crack.
Closing those gaps helps them heal faster. It also protects the wound by keeping out dirt, debris, and germs. Ways you can do it include:
Liquid bandage: This over-the-counter product creates a thin plastic coating on the skin. It’s waterproof and flexible. To apply it:
- Gently bring the edges of the crack or cut together.
- Spray, brush, or dab the liquid on top of the skin.
It dries in less than a minute and lasts for up to a week.
Because some of these products are made with alcohol, this might sting. Don’t put it inside a wound, around the eyes, or on large areas of skin.
Super glue: This household staple can fix psoriasis fissures, too. That’s because its main ingredient is the same one found in many liquid bandages. It works in the same way: Carefully bring the edges of the cut or crack together, and dab it to the skin on top to create a seal.
Adhesive bandage or tape: Watertight medical tape can seal cracks. It also keeps the wound moist, which helps it heal. For small cuts, you can also use the sticky part of a bandage. Put them across the wound. They can act as a bridge to hold the skin together.
3. For a quick fix, use lip balm.
You’re out and about when your skin splits. Now what?
If it’s a small cut, put a thick layer of lip balm or petroleum jelly on it. This’ll protect your skin until you’re able to treat it properly.
4. Soften the skin.
Thick, dry patches worsen cracking and bleeding. They can also lead to more fissures. Take these steps to keep your skin moist:
Soak in a lukewarm bath for 15 minutes. Avoid hot water and harsh soaps. They can dry you out. To ease the itching and irritation, you can add:
- Epsom salts
- Colloidal oatmeal
- Dead Sea salts
When you get out, pat your skin dry with a towel. Then put on an emollient ointment, cream, or oil.
At bedtime, slather on some moisturizing ointment, like petroleum jelly. Other options include:
- Vitamin E
- Olive oil
Then cover the area to lock in the moisture overnight. You can use plastic. Wear cotton gloves and socks to protect your hands and feet.
Reapply moisturizer at least twice a day. Think ointment or oil is too greasy? Try a thick cream instead of a thin lotion.
5. Apply a medicated lotion, cream, or ointment.
Your skin cracks when it gets too dry, tight, and stretched. To help existing wounds heal — and prevent new ones — you need to can the inflammation that causes the swelling.
The first line of treatment is a corticosteroid lotion, cream, or ointment. They’re available over the counter or as a prescription in higher doses. Put it on once or twice a day. Don’t use it for more than 3 weeks without your doctor’s permission.
4 Solutions for Dry, Cracked Skin
Healthy skin is soft, supple, and moisturized, but when it loses moisture and that moisture isn’t replenished by frequent application of creams and lotions and drinking plenty of water, skin can become unhealthy, dry, and scaly. Severely dry skin can even begin to crack. What should you do when your skin is so dry that it forms gaping, painful cracks? Add moisture, stat.
Dry Skin Solution No. 1: Baths and Soaks
You may think that soaking dry, cracked skin in water is a good way to replenish lost moisture. And you’d be right — and wrong. Water can actually be drying to the skin, says Christine Lopez, MD, a dermatologist and assistant program director in the department of dermatology at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.
“Mere water will strip your skin of the essential oils,” Dr. Lopez explains. But that doesn’t mean that soaks and baths can’t still be soothing for dry, cracked skin — you just have to bathe the right way.
Adding a few drops of a natural oil, like mineral, almond, or avocado oil, will help heal dry, cracked skin, Lopez says. However, it’s important to limit those baths and showers to only a short time, no longer than 5 to 10 minutes with water that is only warm, not hot — hot water will only dry out the skin more. Lopez also suggests adding oatmeal or baking soda to the bath — about one cup for a tub full of water — to soothe the skin and help keep in moisture.
Dry Skin Solution No. 2: Moisturize, Moisturize, Moisturize
As soon as you get out of the bath, Lopez suggests gently patting skin dry with a towel — don’t rub or remove all of the water. Next, apply a few drops of a natural oil or a rich moisturizing cream all over your body. This will help seal the moisture in.
For very dry, cracked skin, petroleum jelly is a good, inexpensive option to try. Lopez suggests rubbing in the petroleum jelly and letting it saturate the skin; if cracks are on the hands or feet, smear those areas well and cover them with cotton gloves or socks to hold the petroleum jelly in place overnight while you sleep.
Dry Skin Solution No. 3: Pumice With Caution
In general, pumicing or filing dry, cracked skin isn’t a good idea.
“I would limit the use of pumice stones” and similar tools, says Lopez. “I wouldn’t use that on skin other than heels or feet. On feet, where there’s repeated trauma, you can collect dead skin. That is where pumice stones or files can remove extra layers of dead cells so that the moisturizing cream will be absorbed better.”
Dry Skin Solution No. 4: Super Glue
Super Glue has another good use — dermatologists actually recommended using a dab of Super Glue on cracked skin to promote healing and prevent further drying. The active ingredient is the same as that of liquid bandages and other medical adhesives used to close cuts and wounds.
First, make sure the skin crack is cleaned, says Lopez. Then, squeezing the edges of the crack together, apply a bit of Super Glue — enough to hold it closed. Hold the edges together until the glue dries to make sure the crack doesn’t open.
The best medicine for dry, cracked skin is prevention, according to Lopez. To prevent painfully dry, cracked skin, apply a daily moisturizer all over the body. But even if you have dry skin, Lopez suggests being careful about going too heavy on creams and oils on your face, as that can lead to acne.
Causes & Treatment for Dry and Cracked Skin
The weather around the Twin Falls and Burley area can lend itself well to dry and cracked feet. We have cold winters that require a lot of indoor heating, and a pretty general dryness through the year that doesn’t help much, either.
But the weather is not the only factor that can cause dry skin and cracked heels. Up to 1 in 5 adults in America experience problems from these symptoms. And it’s not just an aesthetic issue, either. The worse that cracking becomes, the more painful and prone to infection your feet can become – an especially serious problem for patients who live with diabetes.
Whether the Idaho climate or other factors are causing dryness and cracking, it is not something to just try to ignore. We can help you get to the root of the problem and address it effectively.
What Causes Dry Skin and Cracked Heels?
A variety of different factors can contribute to dryness in the feet. This area of the body tends to be more susceptible to dryness than other areas, largely because it has more sweat glands in the skin to release moisture and fewer oil glands to help keep moisture in.
Different factors that can increase your risk of dryness and cracking include:
- Age. As we get older, the already limited production of natural oils on our feet diminishes even further. This can cause the skin to lose elasticity in addition to drying out faster, making cracking more likely.
- Environment. As we noted earlier, low humidity can lead to dryness. This can be especially true during Idaho winters, as indoor heating tends to draw moisture out of the air.
- Diet and Hydration. A lack of nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids can interfere with the body’s ability to replenish natural oils. And, of course, not drinking enough water can lead to overall dehydration of your skin.
- Hygienic Practices. How you clean is just as important as how often you clean. If you enjoy long, steaming hot showers, that can actually draw more moisture out of your feet. Stick to shorter showers at a lower (does not have to be cold) temperature. Also make sure you are using a mild soap that is not irritating your skin.
- Weight and Pressure on the Feet. Excess pressure on the feet can increase the risk of splitting. This not only includes extra pressure from excess weight, but also from long periods of standing – especially on hard surfaces.
- Medical Conditions and Side Effects. A number of different conditions can be directly or indirectly responsible for dry feet, including eczema, psoriasis, athlete’s foot, diabetic neuropathy, thyroid disease, and kidney disease. Dryness can also be a side effect of certain medications and treatments.
Treating Dry Skin and Cracking on the Feet
If you’re only dealing with mild dryness without any medical complications, then you may be able to treat your condition at home. You might consider:
- Moisturizing your feet once or twice per day. Great times to do so are after a shower and before going to bed. Place an old pair of cotton socks over your feet overnight to help lock moisture in.
- Using a pumice stone. When used correctly, a pumice stone can help reduce the thickness of dry skin and calluses. Soak both your feet and the stone in warm water for a few minutes, then gently rub over the affected area in slow circles. Do not grind at the area and try to get all the rough skin off in one go, and do not use a pumice stone if you have diabetes.
- Wearing breathable shoes and socks. Keeping feet cool and comfortable can help reduce moisture lost through sweat.
There are certain cases, however, that are more serious and require professional care. Please don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with Dr. Wettstein in Twin Falls or Burley if:
- Your condition is painful
- Cracks appear especially deep
- You see bleeding or any signs of infection
- Home treatment has not helped, or dryness keeps returning frequently
- You have diabetes, poor circulation, or another condition that places you at a higher risk of complications.
Schedule an appointment with us at our offices in Twin Falls or Burley by calling (208) 731-6321.
Treating Your Dry Skin | Health Hive
Dry, cracked hands are a common affliction during the winter months. Your hands are exposed to dry air causing your skin to crack, peel, and in serious cases, bleed. But there’s another reason your hands may be drier than usual this winter.
“Unfortunately, washing your hands and using hand sanitizer also causes dry skin,” explains Beth Lertzman, MD, Dermatologist for Rochester Regional Health.
Dr. Lertzman is board certified in Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery and is a diplomate of the American Board of Dermatology and the National Board of Medical Examiners.
“When water comes in contact with the skin it rinses off the skin’s natural oils, and when chemicals in hand sanitizer evaporates, your hand’s natural oils go too.”
The spread of COVID-19 throughout many regions of the country has increased the focus on handwashing and hand sanitizing. But there are things you can do to treat your hands while still maintaining proper hand hygiene.
Use generous amounts of unscented emollient cream
Emollients are substances that soften and moisturize the skin and decrease itching and flaking.
If dry, cracked skin persists and goes untreated, it can cause an infection. Emollient cream is the best way to treat dry skin.
“You can never put too much lotion on your hands,” Dr. Lertzman says. “Lotion locks in moisture and keeps your hands hydrated, preventing infections and serious damage.”
Dry skin is the most common among older adults. Seniors should take extra precaution to moisturize their skin because they are more prone to skin problems like dryness or irritation.
If dry skin persists, consult a dermatologist, says Dr. Lertzman.
“A dermatologist can help work through your medical history and health to find potential causes of eczema, which is the medical term for any dry skin. They also provide treatment options. ”
Understanding the cause of your dry skin can give insight into the changes in behavior that will prevent or reduce symptoms.
Learn proper hand hygiene
Can foot cream be used to treat dry hands?
Dr. Lertzman doesn’t recommend using foot cream as a substitute for hand lotion.
“Most foot creams have additional ingredients that could be problematic for your hands and may cause irritation or allergic reactions.”
If you don’t have hand lotion nearby, body lotion is a better substitute than foot lotion.
Does the sun help?
The sun not only feels good on your skin, but it can help treat dry skin in a controlled environment with protection.
Sunlight can trigger the release of compounds in your skin that help get rid of harmful bacteria or viruses on the surface. Spending some time in the sunlight with the right skin protection can help reduce dry, cracked, and irritated skin.
“Dermatologists try to replicate the effects of sunlight as treatment with phototherapy, or light therapy,” Dr. Lertzman says. “The lights use UV rays to treat a variety of skin disorders.”
Too much exposure to the sun can cause skin cancer, and unprotected exposure to the sun is dangerous.
What hand lotions should I use?
Dr. Lertzman recommends Neutrogena Norwegian Formula and CeraVe hand creams for dry or cracked hands.
She says if these measures don’t help treat your dry skin, get in touch with Dr. Lertzman’s office to schedule a consultation via telehealth or video conferencing.
Genesee Valley Dermatology & Laser Centrer
Rochester Regional Health offers a full range of general dermatology, laser, and cosmetic skin care services all in one convenient office.
How to heal dry, cracked heels, according to dermatologists
A long winter and spring stuck inside in the dry air may have made the skin on your feet, especially your heels, super dry — dry enough to crack like a fault line. And while COVID-related self-isolation may tempt you to keep your feet hidden, cracks in your heels can fracture into deep cuts, or fissures, that can be pretty painful and even get infected. We asked board certified dermatologists Sheel Desai Solomon, MD, founder of Preston Dermatology & Skin Surgery in North Carolina and Samer Jaber, MD, founder of Washington Square Dermatology in New York City, what causes dry, cracked heels and the best treatment for dry heels.
IN THIS ARTICLE What causes dry, cracked heels | How to care for dry, cracked heels | Treating dry or cracked heels | What if over-the-counter treatments don’t work?
What causes dry, cracked heels
“Cracked heels occur when you have a disruption of your skin barrier,” explains Jaber. “It can be from a medical condition, like psoriasis or eczema, or can occur when your skin is very dry.”
Other variables that can dry skin on heels enough to crack are age (your skin gets thinner, less elastic and some common medications can contribute) and, of course, winter can be quite the culprit. “Heels are at their worst in winter,” says Solomon. “Indoors and outdoors there is less humidity in the air, and a lack of humidity causes the skin to become drier. Drier skin means more cracking and peeling.” This kind of cracking can cause wounds that can easily get infected if not treated, and if you happen to have a compromised immune system or diabetes, an infection can become a serious health risk, Solomon says.
How to care for dry, cracked heels
1. Keep your feet clean and moisturized
Solomon says diligence in keeping your feet clean and moisturized will keep you on the good foot. “Wash feet with non-foaming hydrating cleanser (typically in a cream or milk form) to keep foot skin from drying further and moisturize still-damp feet after every bath or shower,” she recommends. “That’s when it’s time to apply products with petrolatum, glycerin, shea butter, vitamin E or jojoba. These ingredients are very effective at preventing moisture loss.” She also recommends a kitchen cabinet remedy to try — honey. “Honey is full of antimicrobial and antibacterial properties great for cleansing and healing wounds, particularly Manuka honey,” she says, saying you can create your own honey foot mask by combining it with a drop of almond oil and slathering it on your heels.
2. Slough off dead skin
To prevent cracks, exfoliation is key. Both experts extol the virtues of moisturizers with exfoliants like urea (not urine, but a similar compound that has been shown to help moisture seep into skin), and salicylic acid, to help prevent heel cracks with regular use. Solomon also recommends using a “safe foot file that doesn’t look like a cheese grater” to remove dead skin. “Using a foot file on your feet after a shower or bath can be a great way to avoid thick calluses or cracks,” she says. “However, if the file has sharp teeth, it is putting you at risk for cuts or scrapes. The goal is to remove the old, dead skin but leave the healthy layer intact to protect [against] infection. ”
3. Seal up deep cracks
Cracked heels that have reached the point where they’ve started to bleed can be extremely painful, warns Solomon. Both experts say liquid bandages are an extremely effective way of sealing up cracks to ease the pain of walking on torn skin while keeping the wounds clean.
4. Wear socks made of natural materials
The damp, dark environment of wet socks in shoes and boots can bring on a fungal foot infection that resembles dry skin, warns Solomon. To prevent this from happening, she advises choosing winter socks made from natural materials, such as cotton or wool rather than synthetic blends, to keep your feet sweat and bacteria-free. “Materials like cotton and wool are naturally more absorbent and these moisture-wicking qualities are extremely important during the winter months. An added bonus is that your feet are less likely to smell, too,” she says. Jaber says his trick to beat cracks in severe dry and cold weather is to advise his patients to apply Vaseline onto the heels of their feet before bed and immediately put on white cotton socks to lock in the moisturizer while they sleep.
Treating dry or cracked heels
1. Eucerin Roughness Relief Spot Treatment
Jaber recommends applying this spot treatment to your heels because its formula contains a high percentage of urea and exfoliating alpha hydroxy acid, which are great at removing dead skin cells so the moisturizing components of the formula, like sunflower oil rich in vitamins A and E, can seep in to heal skin.
2. CeraVe Healing Ointment
Dermatologists love this non-comedogenic, lanolin-free formula, because it doesn’t irritate the skin. As it’s almost half petrolatum (qualifying it as an ointment), is enriched with ceramides (to restore your skin’s barrier) and it also contains hyaluronic acid, an ingredient that helps skin retain moisture.
3. CeraVe SA Cream for Rough & Bumpy Skin
Jabar favors this multitasking moisturizer for its bounty of skin-loving ingredients. Lactic, salicylic and hyaluronic acids exfoliate and moisturize; niacinamide, a B vitamin, helps prevent moisture loss; and ceramides 1, 3, and 6-II help restore your skin’s protective barrier. The formula is free of fragrances and dyes and it releases over time to keep your skin super soft.
4. NatraCure 5-Toe Gel Moisturizing Socks
Solomon recommends these socks because they have a liner that uses aloe vera, vitamin E, and shea butter to intensely hydrate your skin, she says. Plus, they are infused with medical-grade mineral oil for an added boost of moisture.
What if over-the-counter treatments don’t work?
Both dermatologists say that if the cracks keep up despite proper, frequent application of high-quality over-the-counter products like these, it might be time to have your dermatologist take a peek. “Lack of vitamins, minerals and zinc in your diet can adversely affect your heel health,” Solomon says. “Sometimes there can be a fungus. If it’s just dry skin, dermatologists can prescribe emollients, such as ammonium lactate or urea cream, to get your skin healthy, then switch to a lotion for maintaining that health.”
But the most important thing is to try and determine the cause of the cracking, says Jaber. “If it’s more related to dryness, try and avoid harsh soaps and detergents and maybe, if it’s really dry, get a humidifier. It’s always better to prevent something than to treat it.”
MORE TIPS FROM DERMATOLOGISTS
Want more tips like these? NBC News BETTER is obsessed with finding easier, healthier and smarter ways to live. Sign up for our newsletter and follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
What to Do About Dry, Cracked Skin in the Winter
Winter comes with some obvious perks, like cold-weather sports, cozy sweaters, and an extra excuse to cuddle inside. But it also has some serious downsides, like dry, cracked skin that can make you feel like the Crypt Keeper’s younger but similarly dehydrated sister.
At least you’re not alone: “Almost every patient I see in the wintertime suffers from [dry, cracked skin] at some point,” Gary Goldenberg, M.D., assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, tells SELF. The lack of moisture in the environment dries out your skin, he explains, and when you head inside and blast the heat, that can make it even worse.
You’re also probably washing your hands a lot to try to fend off colds, the flu, and other nasty bugs that seem everywhere during the winter, and that can strip your skin’s moisture even more, New York City dermatologist Doris Day, M.D., author of Beyond Beautiful, tells SELF.
This uphill battle to keep your skin moisturized can lead to serious dryness, peeling, and cracking. And this isn’t just an aesthetic concern; any breaks in your skin can serve as portals for bacteria or viruses, potentially making it easier for you to get an infection, Dr. Day says. Here’s what you can do.
1. First things first: Treat the cracks.
If you notice a crack in your skin, you should address it to avoid infection. Dr. Bailey recommends first washing your hands, rinsing the crack with water and washing around it with soap, then applying an antibiotic cream. Since this is likely just a small break in your skin, you don’t need to bandage it, but of course you can if you want to. You do, however, need to keep an eye out for signs of infection that warrant a visit to your doctor, like redness, pain that’s getting worse, warmth, and swelling.
You should also figure out how to prevent this kind of dryness and cracking in the future. Luckily, there are a few solid techniques you can use.
2. Switch to a body moisturizer that has oil within the first five ingredients.
In general, lotions tend to be water-based while creams are typically oil-based, says the Mayo Clinic. (To be 100 percent certain, though, research any product you’re considering buying to find out what it contains.) In the winter, you may want to switch to heavier moisturizers that contain oil since it traps moisture in the skin better than water does, Dr. Day says, adding that you should look for oil to be one of the first five ingredients to make sure it’s a major part of the product’s formula. (Be wary of using anything oilier than usual on your face if you’re prone to acne, though.)
Dr. Day also recommends looking for products with humectants like propylene glycol, lactic acid, and hyaluronic acid—they help pull and hold water in your skin.
3. Moisturize immediately after you shower or wash your hands.
The Mayo Clinic suggests juuust barely drying your skin, then applying moisturizer. This helps trap water in the surface cells of your skin better than applying moisturizer once you’re completely dry.
4. Then slather on some more right before bed.
This is a good way to ensure your skin will get a solid dose of moisture that won’t be interrupted much until the A.M., Dr. Goldenberg says. You’ll want to target your driest areas, and it’s also not a bad idea to put breathable cotton socks or gloves over your feet and hands after you lube up. This helps to keep your moisturizer close to your skin while you sleep rather than rubbing off on your sheets, Dr. Day says.
5. Use gloves when doing your dishes to feel both fancy and moisturized.
You’re likely already bundling up in gloves, mufflers, or a scarf to protect your hands, cheeks, and lips when you go outside. But it’s also a good idea to wear rubber gloves when you wash dishes at home since harsh soaps and solvents in your dish soap can strip away your skin’s natural moisture, Cynthia Bailey, M.D., F.A.A.D., president and CEO of Advanced Skin Care and Dermatology, Inc and founder of DrBaileySkinCare.com, tells SELF. “I recommend getting in the habit of protecting skin every day to prevent chapping from even starting,” she says.
6. Avoid detergents and soaps that have fragrance, alcohol, or dyes.
It’s not just about your dish soap. If dry skin is an issue for you, Dr. Bailey suggests steering clear of all cleansing products that contain fragrance, alcohol, dyes, and perfumes, because these can irritate and dry out your skin. Instead, choose gentle, fragrance-free soaps (even better if they have added oils and fats to boost moisture), and unscented (or at least less scented) detergents.
7. Use a humidifier in your bedroom.
Using a humidifier helps replace some of the lost moisture in the air. This is especially important at night, since a lot of moisture can evaporate from your skin during the hours you spend sleeping, Dr. Day says. If you don’t have a humidifier handy, you can also place a soaking wet towel in a bowl in front of your heating vent, Dr. Goldenberg says. It’s not the same thing, but it’ll release some moisture into the air all the same, he says.
8. Think of super hot showers as a special treat, not an everyday necessity.
Regularly showering up in temperatures that err on the side of scalding will dehydrate your skin by removing important oils, Dr. Bailey says. This effect just gets compounded if you hop out of the shower into your heated home, don’t apply moisturizer right away, and so on. Try taking a warm vs. super hot shower instead—it can make a big difference.
9. Opt for clothes with fibers like cotton instead of wool.
Harsh fabrics like wool can irritate your skin, Dr. Bailey says. Instead, go for fabrics like cotton or silk, which let your skin breathe. Obviously you’re not going to face the outside chill with an armor that’s pure cotton, so Dr. Day suggests making sure these gentler fabrics are the ones closest to your skin, then layering warmer materials like wool on top.
10. Stay properly hydrated.
“You have to hydrate on the inside, too,” Dr. Day says, explaining that when you’re not hydrated enough, your body prioritizes sending fluids to important organs like your heart and lungs rather than your skin.
While everyone’s hydration needs vary, the Mayo Clinic recommends women get 11.5 cups of fluids per day (this counts water, other beverages, and any liquids that come from food). Here’s more information about how much water you should drink each day for optimal health.
11. And know when to bring in a professional.
If your skin is dry no matter how much you baby it, or if it’s constantly peeling or cracking, don’t just ignore it. “It can become medically important if you don’t deal with it properly,” Dr. Day says. Sometimes persistent dryness is a sign of a health condition like psoriasis, eczema, or contact dermatitis in response to a substance that irritates your skin or causes an allergic reaction. In any case, it’s definitely a reason to see your doctor to create the most moisturizing action plan possible.
Cracked heel | DermNet NZ
Author: Vanessa Ngan, Staff Writer, 2006.
A cracked heel is a common foot problem. In most cases the problem is merely a nuisance and unattractive to look at, however, when the cracks or fissures become deep, standing, walking or any pressure placed on the heel can be painful.
Who gets a cracked heel and why?
Anyone can get a cracked heel. Predisposition may be due to:
Dry thickened skin (corn and callus) around the rim of the heel is the very first step towards cracking. Increased pressure on the fat pad under the heel causes it to expand sideways, leading to splitting or cracking of the callus. Some factors that contribute to cracking or splitting include:
- Excessive weight or obesity
- Prolonged standing, especially on hard floors
- Open-back shoes and sandals, as they provide no support to hold the fat pad under the foot
What are the signs of symptoms of cracked heel?
The first sign of getting cracked heel is the development of dry, hard, thickened skin around the rim of the heel. This is called a callus and may be a yellow or dark brown discoloured area of skin. Initially, small cracks over the callus are visible. If left untreated and as more pressure is placed on the heel, these cracks become deeper and eventually walking and standing will be painful. The cracks may be so deep that they begin to bleed.
In severe cases, cracked heels can become infected, and lead to cellulitis. This must be treated with the elevation of the area, debridement of dead tissue, and antibiotics.
Cracked heels are of particular concern for diabetic patients, who may suffer neuropathic damage (loss of feeling, particularly of the feet), as the fissures may lead to diabetic foot ulcers.
Complications of a cracked heel
What is the treatment for a cracked heel?
The best form of treatment for cracked heel is to prevent cracks from occurring in the first place. This can be achieved by simply rubbing the heels with a moisturising cream on a regular basis to keep the skin supple and hydrated. Special heel balms are available that contain descaling (keratolytic) or water-retaining (humectant) agents, such as:
Feet should be inspected daily and on the first sign of any cracking, a moisturising routine 2–3 times a day may be all that is needed to heal the heel. A pumice stone can be rubbed gently against the callus to take away some of the thick hard skin before applying moisturiser.
The fissures may be treated with a liquid, gel or spray bandage to reduce pain, protect and allow more rapid healing.
For severely cracked heels or if no improvement is seen after a week of self-treatment a visit to a podiatrist may be required. Treatments may involve the following.
- Debridement – cutting away hard thick skin (this should not be attempted at home using scissors or razor blade as there is a risk of removing too much skin and infection occurring)
- Strapping – bandage/dressings around the heel to reduce skin movement
- Prescription for stronger softening or debriding agents, usually containing urea or salicylic acid
- Insoles, heel pad or heel cups to redistribute the weight of the heel and provide better support (prevent the fat pad from expanding sideways)
- Special tissue glue to hold the edges of the cracked skin together so it can heal.
90,000 Cracks on the fingers near the nails: causes, treatment
The skin on our hands is most susceptible to negative factors. This is constant contact with water, dust, and, of course, with household chemicals, without which it is now difficult to imagine a modern home.
With a lack of vitamins that the body experiences, as well as various diseases, the skin can become extremely dry, and then it begins to crack. A person performs most of the actions with his fingers, so when the skin cracks on them, it is not only ugly – the situation with cracks brings very noticeable discomfort and even pain.
To prevent cracking of the skin on your hands, you need regular care and protection. For the treatment of cracked skin on the hands, of course, you need to know the cause of this symptom, for which it is first of all recommended to visit a dermatologist.
Cracked fingers – causes
If you have cracked fingers, there can be many reasons for this: from external factors to deeper internal problems.
The mechanism of formation of cracks on the fingers can be explained quite simply: dehydration of the very surface layer of the skin occurs, as a result of which the epidermis loses its elasticity.
There are several external reasons for dehydration of the skin on the handles and the appearance of unpleasant cracks on the pads, in the folds of the palms.
- Sensitivity of the skin on the fingers next to the nails to absolutely any temperature differences provokes the appearance of cracks. There is also a special type of skin that cannot stand any cooling, much less frosty air. The reaction to frost in such cases makes itself felt almost instantly, the signs are more reminiscent of allergies.If no measures are taken within two days, the cracks begin to deepen, turning into painful wounds. The treatment is more complicated than with simple chapping.
- Insufficient hand care when there is no protection from the harmful effects of wind, hard water, frost, dust with nourishing creams and optimal clothing.
- Negative effects of household chemicals. Substances used in the manufacture of household cleaning assistants – powders, liquids, gels, etc.- are not at all harmless to the skin (and not only). The aggressive effect of household products is aggravated by allergic diseases.
- Mechanical damage to the skin of the hands in combination with exposure to water, wind and skin nutritional deficiency.
The situation is complicated if the skin around the nails bursts due to internal health problems. It takes a long and complex time to deal with this problem. Simple topical remedies often just don’t work.In case of internal diseases that cause cracks in the skin of the hands, the localization of cracking can be not only directly next to the nails, but also between the finger and on the palm. Diseases that cause cracks in the skin of the hands are not so few.
- Skin diseases without the addition of infectious factors (eczema, psoriasis). Cracks form in certain places, primarily between the toes.
- Infectious diseases of the skin of various etiologies can also lead to troubles in the form of cracks in the skin.These may include fungal and pyococcal infections. Along with wounds, burning and redness occur.
- Deficiency of vitamins A, group B, as well as magnesium and Omega-3 is often manifested by dry skin, which is more prone to coarsening, cracking. The condition is often complicated by climatic factors and the use of alkaline soap.
- Dry skin with cracks is a symptom among a set of other signs in diseases:
- of the endocrine system (diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism),
- of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, duodenitis, cholecystitis),
- neurological diseases (depression, neurosis, vegetative-vascular dystonia).
- Parasitic diseases (worms) can cause rashes, allergies, dry skin, cracks and erosion.
What to do when the fingers are deeply cracked?
Prevention and treatment should begin with the constant wearing of gloves when cleaning or working in the backyard, in contact with household chemicals, dust (for example, after repair), hard calcined water, frosty air.
Increased attention to the external care of the skin of the hands during the first cold weather and in case of mechanical irritation. This is a gentle cleansing without aggressive alkaline soaps, generous hydration and protection with silicone creams.
It is worth revising your diet and adding vitamin and mineral complexes plus a variety of foods. This will enrich the body with the necessary substances, the lack of which is manifested by cracking of the skin.
Experts pay attention to the fact that women after 45 years of age are more prone to cracks on their fingers. The skin is dry, thinning with age, becoming vulnerable to bacteria and vulnerable. She needs intensive care with the use of moisturizers and nourishing agents: ointments, baths, masks. You can make something yourself that can solve the problem of cracked fingers.
Healing bactericidal ointment
Mix 1/4 cup olive oil with a tablespoon of honey, raw yolk and a teaspoon of sea buckthorn oil.Apply the ointment several times a day to the cracks. Keep for half an hour or an hour, then rinse with boiled water and lubricate the skin with a fat cream. Daily until complete healing.
Softening starch bath
For a glass of hot water, but to keep your hands in it, take 2 teaspoons of corn or potato starch. Stir, let the starch thicken. And then the mixture can be slightly diluted with more water and hold your hands in it for 10 minutes.After the procedure, rinse, blot with a napkin and grease with bepanten ointment. Do it every 2-3 days for a month.
Moisturizing and nutrition: potato mask
Potatoes have long been known for their healing properties. With its help, you can put your fingers in order – soften the skin, activate the regeneration processes in it. And if you add sour cream or homemade yogurt to the mask, then moisturize well.
First, make mashed potatoes – about 1.5 cups. In a warm mass, mix a couple of tablespoons of yogurt / sour cream and half a teaspoon of chamomile oil (sea buckthorn, rose hips, burdock – something to choose from). Put the mass in a bowl, immerse your hands there and hold until the composition cools. This mask not only tightens the cracks on the fingers, but also helps to smooth and rejuvenate the skin of the hands.
One of the remedies that causes relief from persistent cracks in the skin of the hands is BF 6 glue.It is safe, and the effect will not be long in coming. This medical glue is available from any pharmacy. A few drops are enough on the damaged area; after a few minutes after hardening, you can continue to work. The cracks will pass faster when the edges are fixed in this way. It also creates a barrier to infection. After a week of using the glue, you can switch to nourishing creams.
Searching for the cause of deep non-healing cracks
If the crack on the fingers is significant, bleeding, painful and does not go away for a long time even with the use of care and alternative methods, you should look for the cause deeper.Scraping from the site of the lesion is often required to identify mycosis (fungal infection). When a fungal infection is detected, antifungal ointments are used for treatment. Therapy for a bacterial infection is also carried out with antibiotic ointments.
Chronic internal diseases that cause cracked fingers must be properly controlled. It may be necessary to correct the usual treatment.
The skin on the fingers is especially vulnerable.It all starts with a crackle, and such microtrauma must be treated at an early stage, because we cannot completely isolate our fingers from contact with various objects, water, air. Because of this, the cracks heal more slowly. And if you do not help the healing process, then they increase, hurt, and if an infection gets in, they can start to fester.
Author: Ekaterina Solovieva
Please note that the information presented on the site is for informational and educational purposes and is not intended for self-diagnosis and self-medication.The choice and prescription of drugs, treatment methods, as well as control over their use can only be carried out by the attending physician. Be sure to consult with a specialist.
Cracked heels: cosmetic defect or serious problem?
Many people, especially women, complain that cracks in the heels interfere with active life, wearing beautiful shoes, and sometimes even the smallest heel crack can cause severe pain. This is not only a cosmetic defect, but a prerequisite for the development of serious pathology in the body. Therefore, it is very important to take timely measures and consult a specialist. In this article, we will talk about what causes cracks in the heels, what is their danger, where to start treatment, and what measures are most effective in combating cracked skin of the feet.
Why are there problems with rough skin of the feet and cracked heels?
The skin of the plantar surface of the feet is thick, hairless and rich in sweat glands.Also, healthy skin on the heels should be supple. A distinctive feature is that this area has the thickest surface layer of the skin. In places that serve to support the bones (for example, in the heel region), there is a well-expressed subcutaneous fatty tissue, which protects the bone from external pressure.
Being exposed to constant loads, which significantly increase with deformations of the foot, wearing uncomfortable shoes, with active sports, i. e. in response to mechanical action on the skin of the feet, there is a response in the form of increased cell division of the surface layer of the skin.Ultimately, this leads to the development of hyperkeratosis – a thickening of the superficial stratum corneum. The skin of the feet becomes harder, less elastic, and its sensitivity to external influences decreases. Thus, the properties of the skin change.
What can cause cracked heels?
Frequent causes of cracked heels are fungal infections of the skin of the foot, allergic diseases, eczema, psoriasis, and various types of keratoderma. It can also be the result of mechanical influences: wearing tight or uncomfortable shoes, long walking.If a person spends all day on his feet, they swell, blood circulation is impaired and, as a result, the condition of the skin of the soles and heel region suffers. A lack of vitamins or an excess of vitamins can also adversely affect the appearance of the heels. Cracks in the heels can appear due to impaired metabolism, diseases of the endocrine and cardiovascular systems.
Are these troubles so serious?
The appearance of cracks is accompanied by a pronounced pain syndrome, which reduces the ability to work and limits the possibility of active sports.Cracks are dangerous, first of all, because they are “gates” for the penetration of pathogens, which can cause inflammation and entail many undesirable consequences.
What is the correct, and most importantly, effective treatment?
Before starting treatment for cracked heels, it is necessary to find out their cause, consult a dermatologist, and carry out the necessary laboratory tests. Treatment should be specialized, since even the most careful heel care will not give noticeable results in the presence of skin diseases.So, for example, foot fungus is treated with special antifungal drugs, which only a specialist will help to select. If the cracks were caused by improper care or wearing bad shoes, you should try to change the conditions that contributed to the disease.
What are some tips for taking care of your feet at home?
All home treatments are effective when dry heels are not associated with any disease. At home, soaps and soda baths help soften and cleanse the skin: for two liters of hot water, you need to take a tablespoon of soda and a tablespoon of soap.The duration of the procedure is 15 minutes. Submerge your feet in the bath and massage your heels a little, without much effort.
To combat the hardened skin of the feet, ointments are used containing 15-20% urea and 5% salicylic acid. They moisturize and soften the skin. To heal cracks, you can use drugs with methyluracil, vitamin B5, antimicrobial action. To prevent cracked heels, you should also moisturize the skin with warm olive oil, do a massage, use a fat cream or ointment with petroleum jelly.
It should be remembered that these simple tips will only help in proper skin care for your heels. However, only a qualified dermatologist can determine the true causes of skin changes.
You can get a full consultation on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cracked heels from dermatologists at the Vita Medical Center. Our specialist will study each individual case and suggest the most effective prevention and treatment measures.
Cracked skin on fingers, causes, treatment, 6 recipes for hand masks
The skin of our hands is most often exposed to negative factors – this is constant contact with water, dirt, household chemicals. To this list it is necessary to add vitamin deficiencies and various diseases, against the background of which the skin of the hands becomes very dry and begins to crack. When the skin on the fingers cracks, it not only causes pain and does not look aesthetically pleasing, but also causes considerable discomfort, because everything in this life we do with the help of our hands.To treat cracked skin, it is necessary to know the cause of its occurrence, for which it is recommended to visit a dermatologist. To prevent cracking of the skin on your hands, you need regular care and protection.
What causes the skin on your fingers to crack?
It should be noted that the problem of cracked skin on the fingers is exacerbated during the cold season. In general, there are many reasons why the skin of the hands is cracking. These include frequent hand contact with water, household chemicals, changes in climatic conditions (change of seasons), a sharp drop in humidity levels, as well as contact with paint, glue or varnish, which inevitably occurs during repairs.These so-called external factors dry out the skin very much, it begins to peel off, and if there is no regular care, then cracks cannot be avoided.
However, in addition to negative external influences, internal causes can also provoke the appearance of cracks on the hands. These include fungal disease, eczema, hormonal imbalance, lack of vitamins in the body. If an internal factor is the cause of this problem, then cracks usually occur between the fingers, on the tips of the fingers and on the palms. In any case, the cause of cracking of the skin must be identified with the help of a specialist, after which you will be prescribed appropriate treatment.
Treatment and prevention of cracked hands.
If it has been identified that external factors are the cause of cracks on the hands, then they can be cured by eliminating the irritant and careful skin care. If cracks are a rare phenomenon and the problem has not been started, then you can handle it yourself. To do this, during daily cleaning and washing (dishes, floors) around the house, you must always use rubber gloves, because it is no secret that any chemistry, even with a one-time contact, negatively affects the condition of the skin, but what about daily use.
To relieve irritation and at the same time protect the skin from possible cracking, it is recommended to use herbal decoctions for hand washing. They can be prepared from herbs that have an antiseptic effect. These include chamomile, plantain, linden blossom and others. Keep your hands in hot broth for at least ten minutes, then apply a nourishing and emollient agent. As a means of cleansing, preference should be given to baby soap with a series.
Daily and thorough care is a guarantee of beauty and youthfulness of the skin of your hands.Use moisturizing creams every time after contact with water, they will remove rough and dry skin and prevent cracks. In addition, any wounds and inflammations heal faster if the skin is moisturized. You also need to use a special ointment for crackling, it can be purchased at any pharmacy, it is dispensed without a prescription. At night, hands must be properly nourished, for which there are special night creams (they have a more oily base). In this case, you can use a regular baby cream.In addition to care with ready-made cosmetics, your pens can be pampered with homemade nourishing masks that will return them softness and health in a short time.
If the cracks on the fingers are regular and deep, and do not heal for a long time, you should consult a doctor. Usually, cracks of this kind require medical treatment in combination with the use of medicinal ointments. If the skin is cracked due to a fungus or infection, home treatment can only be harmful, at best it will be useless.
Lack of vitamins (more often E and A) is a very common culprit in the appearance of cracks on the fingers. This problem is most often solved by prescribing a complex of vitamins. In addition, tocopherol (vitamin E) and retinol (vitamin A) can be obtained from food. So retinol is present in carrots, fish oil, butter, eggs, vegetables, fruits, herbs, melons and peaches. Vitamin E in the body can be replenished with the help of unrefined vegetable oils (olive in particular), nuts, egg yolks, cereals, oats, and legumes.
Daily care, nutrition and protection of hands is the best prevention of dryness and cracking of the skin.
Treatment with folk remedies.
As already noted, problems in a non-running state can be easily eliminated by ourselves using traditional medicine recipes.
Honey-glycerin mask will help to soften very dry skin and give it a healthier look. To prepare it, you need to add two teaspoons of water and a teaspoon of liquid honey to glycerin (a teaspoon).Mix everything well and add a teaspoon of chopped oatmeal. Put the resulting mass on your hands and stand for twenty-five minutes. Then remove the composition and apply a nourishing cream.
Oil compress will transform your hands beyond recognition, and if you do it regularly at least once a week, you can avoid such an unpleasant phenomenon as cracking of the skin on your hands. First, you need to hold your hands in a warm bath for about five minutes and dry them. After that, thoroughly rub slightly warmed vegetable oil (olive, sea buckthorn, castor, linseed) into the skin and nail plate and put on cotton gloves.It is advisable to do such a compress at night.
Butter and curd mask will also have a healing effect on your hands. It is necessary to grind 50 g of cottage cheese with half a teaspoon of vegetable oil. Put the resulting composition on your hands and leave for thirty minutes. After the time has elapsed, rinse off the mask, and grease the handles with nourishing cream.
Potato Mask – This is a popular nourishing treatment for dry skin. Boil the potatoes with the peel until tender, peel and mash with the addition of two tablespoons of warm milk, making mashed potatoes.This mask should be applied in a thick layer while hot, secured on top with a gauze napkin. After twenty minutes, rinse off the mask, and apply a nourishing cream on your hands.
The following mask perfectly moisturizes the skin, eliminating flaking. To prepare it, you need to mix 60 g of glycerin with two and a half tablespoons of warm water and add a teaspoon of corn flour. A homogeneous mass should be applied to your hands, and after twenty minutes, rinse, dry and apply a nourishing cream.
Broth of oatmeal perfectly softens rough skin of the hands. We will need two tablespoons of oatmeal flakes. They should be filled with hot water and allowed to swell. Apply the resulting mass in an even layer on your hands, and after ten minutes, rinse and apply olive oil (any other vegetable oil can be used).
Professional hand skin care can also be obtained at the beautician’s office. In our salon we can offer you hand skin care programs using acid peels, Darsonvalization and paraffin therapy.Finally, I note that in skin care (and not only for hands), regularity and consistency are important, otherwise problems will not be long in coming. Take care of yourself and be beautiful!
Still have questions?
Write to us and we will be happy to answer
90,000 Why do skin cracks appear and how can it be treated?
Cracks in the skin can be a symptom of various diseases.For example, people with diabetes may notice cracking of the skin on the soles of their feet.
In this article we will look at some of the common causes of cracks in the skin of the hands, feet and lips. Plus, there are treatments for this condition and home remedies that can help.
Dry air causes dryness of the skin during the cold season. Therefore, new cracks form on the hands, lips or legs of people or those that have already been worsened.
Sometimes the skin becomes cracked due to eczema, psoriasis, or contact with an irritant.
Cracks or cuts that indicate cracked skin usually occur when the skin is dry or irritated.
Dry and chapped skin may:
- peel off,
Some people feel uncomfortable applying any skin care product to chapped skin.Their skin can also be sensitive to water temperature and household detergents.
Skin cracks can appear on any part of the body. But most often they are observed in its open areas. In particular, on the hands.
Why do skin cracks occur?
Cracks in the skin of hands, feet and lips appear for various reasons.
Low winter temperatures and wind irritate the skin. With a decrease in air humidity, it becomes dry and begins to crack.
In cold or dry weather, many people also dry out and chapped lips. Licking, biting and peeling off the lagging layer of skin can only make the situation worse.
Contact dermatitis is an itchy, dry rash. It appears when a person comes into contact with certain chemicals.
May be allergic or irritating.
The first type of contact dermatitis occurs due to an allergic reaction to the substance, the second – due to its nonspecific irritant effect on the skin.
For example, a person with a latex allergy may develop contact dermatitis from wearing latex gloves.
Frequent hand washing during flu season can also cause dry, itchy, or cracked skin. This also applies to washing hands during the COVID-19 pandemic.
People with eczema or atopic dermatitis have dry and itchy skin. She may look red and sore. Brushing it frequently will make the rash worse and become infected.
Eczema occurs when the skin is unable to retain moisture. Deficiency leads to dryness and sometimes cracking.
It is not always clear what exactly causes eczema. But it has already been proven that violations of the skin barrier, which cannot effectively retain moisture and prevent the penetration of allergens, are associated with a deficiency in the skin protein filaggrin.
This deficiency is caused by a gene mutation that is common in Europeans. Therefore, eczema is often a family pathology.It can also be associated with the development of bronchial asthma.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin. People with this disease have areas of very dry skin on their bodies. Usually on the head, torso and around the joints.
However, spots can appear anywhere else on the body. Some people with psoriasis also experience pain.
“Athlete’s foot”, or dermatophytosis of the feet
Athlete’s foot is a form of fungal skin infection caused by dermatophytes.These include fungi such as Microsporum, Trichophyton , and Epidermophyton .
A distinctive feature of dermatophytes is that in order to survive, they must consume the skin protein keratin.
Dermatophytosis symptoms include:
- rash between the toes,
- peeling of the skin,
People are more at risk of getting this disease if they spend a lot of time in the water, sweat a lot, or wear shoes that prevent their skin from breathing.
People with diabetes may have foot problems. In particular, dryness or cracking of the skin.
Due to changes in the nervous system, the legs of diabetics sweat less. Deficiencies in natural moisture can make the skin too dry, causing cracking.
Cracked skin on the legs may go unnoticed until a person develops an infection or a painful skin ulcer.
Cracked skin treatment
Treatment of pathology will depend on what caused and where the cracks in the skin are localized.
To prevent their formation due to cold weather or frequent hand washing, it is recommended to moisturize the skin. In particular, apply a hand cream or ointment without fragrances or dyes immediately after each wash.
When choosing a moisturizer for chapped skin, look for the following nutrients:
- olive oil,
- jojoba oil,
- primrose oil,
- lactic acid,
- hyaluronic acid,
- mineral oil.
Because alcohol-based disinfectants can also cause dryness, dermatologists recommend applying moisturizer after use.
For people with eczema and psoriasis, moisturizers are also helpful. They prevent inflammation and protect the skin.
However, in order to prevent an exacerbation of the disease, additional treatment is often required. It may include:
If the skin is infected, your doctor will probably prescribe an antibacterial ointment or pill.
People with athlete’s feet are advised to change shoes or use talcum powder to reduce perspiration. They can also use antifungal agents to treat their condition.
Compression stockings that regulate blood flow to the legs will help people with diabetes to treat cracked skin. Indeed, circulatory failure can also lead to the appearance of skin cracks.
Treat cracked skin: home remedies
To prevent cracking of the skin, you should avoid washing your hands with hot water.
Hot showers or baths can worsen dry or chapped skin. Dermatologists recommend:
- Use warm, not hot water;
- Limit shower time to a maximum of 10 minutes;
- wash with a little gentle product without fragrances
- Do not rub the skin heavily with a towel;
- Apply a moisturizer.
Doctors also advise wearing gloves to protect hands:
- going outside in winter;
- during work, during which hands get wet;
- when using active chemicals, degreasers and other substances.
If the air in your home is dry, some dermatologists recommend using a humidifier. Increasing the moisture content of the ambient air can also help with dry lips.
Special balms are useful to soothe dry or chapped lips. However, the ingredients in some of them can cause burning or tingling of the lips.
Dry skin can be irritated by certain tissues. In this case, wearing smooth, breathable fabrics such as cotton or silk helps. And avoidance of rough textured fabrics such as wool.
Using hypoallergenic laundry detergents and fabric softeners also helps to reduce skin irritation.
Complications resulting from cracks in the skin
People with cracked skin are more prone to developing infections, because bacteria and other microbes can more easily penetrate the damaged skin and cause inflammation.
If you notice pain, redness, inflammation, or pus in areas with cracked skin, see your doctor.Cracks can also bleed.
In people with diabetes, blood circulation in the legs is impaired and dysfunctions of the nervous system are possible. These conditions can cause dry skin and cracks that heal slowly.
Sometimes cracks in the soles of the feet develop into painful sores that make it difficult to stand or walk. Some diabetics even have to amputate a limb or fingers.
When to see a doctor
If regular hydration and elimination of factors causing skin cracking do not help, you should consult a doctor. Including family. He can check if you have any of these and other conditions.
If the skin is not only cracked, but also red, inflamed, painful, hot, this indicates complications. People with these symptoms are also required to consult a doctor.
Diabetic patients who develop ulcers on the soles of their feet should see a doctor immediately.
Cracks in the skin often occur in the cold season, but can also appear in certain pathological conditions.These are, in particular, eczema and athlete’s foot.
To prevent cracking of the skin, avoid using hot water and harsh chemicals, and moisturize it after washing.
Patients with conditions that lead to cracked skin may require medical attention to treat the underlying condition.
If frequent moisturizing and preventing triggers does not help, see your doctor.
Means for the treatment of dry skin
Means for the treatment of dry skin
Dry skin (xerosis) can occur for a number of reasons, both internal and external, accompanied by irritation, redness and cracking, causing physical and emotional discomfort. To combat this problem, funds are used in the form of creams, ointments or balms. You can order them through the website of the pharmacy “36.6”. Site users can familiarize themselves with the assortment and instructions for the drugs, pick up analogues for the active substance and choose the pharmacy closest to the house, where the order will be delivered. Our branch network includes more than 1200 points in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Moscow and Leningrad regions. Payment and receipt of medicines is made directly at the pharmacy.
Order products for dry skin
Means for dry skin restore the elasticity of its upper layer, relieve the feeling of tightness, peeling. You can order moisturizers and ointments on our website. A convenient search system allows you to quickly find a suitable product, compare analogs for an active substance, order drugs at optimal prices. Receipt and payment for medicines is made at the selected pharmacy located in a convenient area for you.
Dry skin care involves an integrated approach: the use of pharmaceutical preparations and moisturizing cosmetics. Soaps, lotions, cleansers for dry skin should not contain aggressive substances that can cause irritation and allergic reactions.
The use of pharmaceutical ointments is indicated when the following symptoms appear:
- feeling of tightness;
- loss of elasticity;
90 017 irritation and redness of the skin;
Dry skin can be caused by serious disturbances in the functioning of the body [i]. To accurately diagnose the cause of xerosis, you need to see a doctor.
Means for eliminating the symptoms of dry skin may contain petroleum jelly, isotretinoin, glycerol, retinol and their derivatives.
The use of such drugs is contraindicated at:
- Hypersensitivity to components;
- Inflammatory diseases;
- Deep cracks and extensive damage to the skin.
Pregnant and lactating women are advised to be careful when using ointments for dry skin.
Forms of issue
Means for dry skin of the face and body can be produced in different forms. They have a moisturizing effect, fill cells with nutrients, and protect against infections.
Most often produced as:
Medicines in the form of ointments and solutions are presented on our website.
Countries of origin
The range of proposed medicines for dry skin in modern pharmacology is small. On our site, there are Russian-made drugs that have passed the necessary certification and meet quality standards.
BEFORE USING THESE PREPARATIONS, PLEASE READ THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE OR CONSULT A SPECIALIST.
- [i] Baumann L. Cosmetic dermatology.Principles and Practice / Leslie Baumann; per. from English ; ed. doct. honey. Sciences, prof. N.N.Potekaeva. – M.: MEDpress-inform, 2012 .– 688 p. : ill. ISBN 978-5-98322-860-3
Skin hyperkeratosis: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis of the disease
Hyperkeratosis is a common name for a group of pathologies, the main symptom of which is excessive keratinization of the skin. The cells of the outer, stratum corneum, under the influence of a certain factor, activate the division process, while the sloughing of dead cells slows down.As a result, the skin becomes covered with a stratum corneum, the thickness of which varies from fractions of a millimeter to several centimeters. Any parts of the body can undergo keratinization, depending on the causes of the pathology.
Varieties of the keratinization process
Distinguish between hereditary and acquired skin hyperkeratosis. Depending on the clinical manifestations, pathology can take various forms:
- follicular – flakes of peeling skin clog the ducts of the follicles, which is why numerous small bumps appear on the skin, similar to pimples;
- lenticular – horny papules appear on the hair follicles of the lower extremities; when they are removed, small depressions remain on the skin;
- disseminated – formations appear on the skin that resemble short and thickened hairs;
- seborrheic – on the scalp, sometimes peeling areas are formed on the skin of the face in the form of a greasy, easily removable crust, under which reddish skin spots are found;
- diffuse – large areas of the skin on any part of the body are affected, sometimes even the entire skin is completely, the sebaceous glands stop working, the skin dries up and flakes;
- warty – formations appear on the skin that resemble warts, but without the participation of papillomavirus, and sometimes they degenerate into tumors;
- senile – dark keratinized spots appear on the skin of older people.
Disseminated and lenticular forms usually develop in older men. They rarely affect women and young people.
The main symptom of hyperkeratosis is the appearance on some parts of the body of thickening of the skin with reduced sensitivity, often with a changed color that differs from the main shade. At the initial stage, the skin gives the impression of coarsening, then the thickness of the stratum corneum increases, sometimes to such an extent that it begins to cause discomfort.In particular, advanced foot hyperkeratosis can lead to a change in gait. Keratinous skin peels off or partially exfoliates, painful cracks may appear on the most thickened and dry areas, which heal for a long time and become sites of infection. Often the pathology is accompanied by dry skin, a decrease in the function of the sebaceous glands.
Do you have symptoms of hyperkeratosis?
Only a doctor can accurately diagnose the disease.
Do not delay the consultation – call
+7 (495) 775-73-60
The reasons for the development of pathology
All causes of the development of keratosis can be divided into two groups. The first includes external influences – tight shoes or clothes rubbing on certain areas of the skin, intense physical labor, constant contact with chemicals or other substances that negatively affect the skin, non-observance of hygiene rules, etc.
The second group includes diseases and pathological conditions that lead to excessive formation of the stratum corneum:
- systemic disorders, congenital or acquired – ichthyosis, diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, keratoderma, etc.;
- circulatory disorders, most often occurring in the lower extremities – varicose veins, obliterating atherosclerosis;
- lack of vitamins;
- fungal diseases of the skin (lichen) and feet;
- gastrointestinal diseases;
- overweight, foot pathology, lameness.
Under the influence of certain factors in the upper layer of the skin, the capillary blood supply is disturbed, innervation worsens.Because of this, the process of cell division of the stratum corneum is activated with a simultaneous slowdown in their desquamation and the formation of thickened keratinized areas.
As a rule, with hyperkeratosis, diagnosis consists in identifying the disease that led to the formation of keratinized areas. The dermatologist conducts an external examination and interviews the patient, checks for signs of skin diseases. As a rule, a qualified specialist can recognize the disease by its external signs.For clarification, differential diagnosis may be needed, which is necessary when the manifestations of pathology are similar to other skin diseases, which are also characterized by peeling and dry skin. If it is difficult to determine the diagnosis, a biopsy of the affected skin area is performed with a histological examination of the tissue.
The method of treating hyperkeratosis depends on the form of the disease and on the cause that caused it. As a rule, during periods of exacerbation, topical application of corticosteroid ointments is indicated, which relieve inflammation and exfoliate keratinized skin. A mild acid peel with special creams helps to loosen hardened skin layers. Mechanical removal of hardened areas is not recommended, as it may increase the formation of the stratum corneum. Warm baths with the addition of salt, baking soda or starch give a good effect, after which a moisturizer is applied to the skin.
Scalp hyperkeratosis is treated with emollient compresses, for which castor oil, petroleum jelly or glycerin, fish oil, etc. are used.e. If necessary, ointments containing hormones may be prescribed. With the follicular form of the disease, external treatment of the stump is of great benefit, therefore, therapy is aimed at eliminating disturbances in the functioning of the body.
With hyperkeratosis of the skin of the feet, it is first necessary to eliminate the factor causing the pathology. Often, skin fungus acts as a pathological factor, which is eliminated with the help of special antifungal ointments. A good effect is given by warm foot baths with table salt, after which the steamed stratum corneum is removed with pumice, and the skin is lubricated with an emollient cream. It is necessary to choose comfortable shoes that do not squeeze or rub the foot. If the patient suffers from clubfoot or flat feet, care should be taken to choose special shoes.
In order to prevent the re-development of hyperkeratosis, it is necessary to take care of the skin, ensure its nutrition and hygiene. To prevent relapses of the disease will help:
- normalization of nutrition, provision of a varied balanced diet;
- refusal from prolonged exposure to the sun or hypothermia of the skin;
- hygiene, skin care;
- the use of protective equipment when working with chemicals.
Some forms of the disease are extremely difficult to treat and remain with a person throughout their lives. In this case, it is especially important to pay attention to preventive measures that reduce the risk of relapse.
Questions and answers
Which doctor treats hyperkeratosis?
For the diagnosis and treatment of hyperkeratosis, you should consult a dermatologist. If we are talking about a disease of the feet, then it is advisable to consult a podiatrist.During treatment, you may have to consult a phlebologist, endocrinologist or other specialists, depending on the identified diseases.
How to treat hyperkeratosis with folk methods?
Homemade recipes for traditional medicine for hyperkeratosis help only in the initial stages and with a mild form of the disease. A good effect is given by skin softening applications with aloe leaves, compresses with propolis or with a decoction of onion peels.You can use birch tar, an effective anti-inflammatory agent, and badger oil to soften chapped skin.
Why is hyperkeratosis dangerous?
If left untreated, complications can develop. So, with keratinization of the skin of the feet, the patient often has cracks and corns, and there is also a high risk of infection with a fungus. A warty form of pathology may turn out to be a precancerous skin condition.The follicular form is often accompanied by pyoderma.
90,000 Why do heels crack: causes and treatments
Main causes of cracked heels
Usually, the appearance of cracks is accompanied by certain symptoms: an unpleasant odor and painful sensations, especially when walking – itching, pain, burning. However, this is not always the case: much depends on the factors affecting the appearance of cracks.
So why is the leather on the heels cracking? One of the reasons is moisture loss.There are so few sebaceous glands in the skin of the legs, and if the epidermis lacks fluid, its cells “shrink”, provoking the appearance of cracks. Over time, they become a beneficial environment for microbes.
Many factors also affect the condition of the heels:
In summer, the skin on the legs coarsens even faster due to the hot air. Walking barefoot on a sandy beach can only make matters worse.
People who are overweight have higher pressure on the feet, which means that the likelihood of cracking also increases.
With age, the body’s metabolism deteriorates, which is why the epidermis receives less nutrition and dries more strongly.
Due to improper care or lack of it, the heels on the feet are cracked. It is not enough just to wash your feet: you need to use special moisturizers.
It is important to choose the right footwear: from quality materials, with good last. This will not only improve the condition of the heels, but also prevent deformation of the feet.
Synthetic socks and tights interfere with air exchange. That is why the skin on the heels cracks, cracks and corns appear. So it’s best to wear cotton or fine wool socks.
In addition, heels crack due to health problems: lack of vitamins, diabetes, fungal diseases and varicose veins, gastritis and skin diseases. In case of diseases, it is necessary to consult a doctor so that he can prescribe a comprehensive treatment. But if external factors influenced the condition of the heels, the problem can be solved on your own.
Why do women heels crack
During pregnancy, women often have cracked heels, which is associated with an increase in weight and load on the feet. During this period, the legs also swell, and varicose veins can develop. All this also provokes deformation of the epidermis.
However, such situations do not only occur during pregnancy. So why do women’s heels crack more often? The answer has to do with the choice of shoes.If the shoe has a synthetic insole or high heel, or is narrow and uncomfortable, the result will be damage to the leather. Also, summer shoes – flat sandals – negatively affect the heels. When walking on the heels, the back of the sandals hits, provoking damage.
Why do men’s heels crack
If, due to professional activity, people need to stand for a long time, this can negatively affect the condition of the heels. This happens to the military, workers – they are often worked by men.
There are other reasons why the heels of men for some reason crack. This is also due to the wrong choice of shoes: synthetics, artificial leather and suede do not allow oxygen to flow to the skin. This causes the feet to sweat, creating an ideal environment for easier skin damage.
How to treat cracked heels
Suppose your heels are cracking. What to do in this case? First, change your diet. Add fresh vegetables and fruits, foods with fatty acids, and follow your drinking regimen.
If your heels are cracked because your skin tends to get rough, you should moisturize it regularly with a cream for dry and dehydrated skin. It is applied at bedtime. It is better to use a cream that is quickly absorbed, so as not to limit yourself in movement and not leave marks on the bed. Choose hypoallergenic products approved by dermatologists.
Also pay attention to whether they contain all the necessary substances: glycerin, useful amino acids, natural moisturizing oils, allantoin – which will help return the skin of the feet to smoothness and softness.
For dry, rough and chapped heels, the Ceramed Ultra Moisturizing Foot Cream is suitable. It contains ceramides – an important part of the lipid layer – and glycerin: they moisturize the skin and allow it to reliably retain moisture in it.
Cera cream also contains 10% urea. The concentration of 10% allows not only to effectively moisturize the skin of the feet, but also has a mild exfoliating effect. Urea retains moisture in the cells of the upper stratum corneum, relieving the skin of tightness and dryness.In addition, this substance helps in the absorption of nutrients and regenerating substances.
So if you have cracked heels, cera cream will help soften and moisturize the skin in three days, eliminate cracks and corns, and restore the hydro-lipid balance.
In addition, the product does not contain parabens and dyes, is hypoallergenic and approved by dermatologists, the effectiveness of the product is confirmed by clinical studies on the basis of the Medical Scientific and Practical Center for Expert Evaluation of Nutrition and Cosmetics “CosmoProdTest”.