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What can help with gas: The request could not be satisfied

Gas and Bloating | Gastrointestinal Health

What causes gas? — Causes of gas include:

  • Swallowing air, often while eating, drinking, or smoking. Swallowed air usually comes back out as a burp.
  • Eating certain foods, such as beans, broccoli, fruit, wheat, potatoes, corn, and noodles. Bacteria in the intestines digest parts of these foods and spit out gas.
  • Trouble digesting certain foods, such as wheat or dairy products
  • Conditions that harm the digestive system

What causes bloating? — The colon has a lot of bends in it. When air gets trapped in these bends, you might feel cramps or sharp pains. This pain is common in the middle and top of the belly on either side.

How much gas is normal? — Most people pass gas 14 to 23 times each day. Burping before and after meals is also common. Gas bothers some people more than others.

Why does my gas smell? — Most of the gas that comes out of your anus has no smell. But some of it contains a substance called sulfur. Sulfur smells bad to most people.

Is there anything I can do on my own to get rid of gas and bloating? — You might feel better if you:

1.) Cut down on certain foods. Write down what you eat so you can figure out which foods are causing your gas. Everyone’s body is different. Common causes of gas are:

  • Milk and dairy products
  • Beans
  • Some vegetables, such as cabbage, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, broccoli, potatoes, and corn
  • Some whole grains, such as wheat
  • Most types of fruit
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Soda and other fizzy drinks
  • Chewing gum

2.) Take medicines that contain simethicone (sample brand names: Maalox Anti-Gas, Mylanta Gas, Gas-X, or Phazyme). You can get these at a drug store. Simethicone breaks up gas bubbles in your intestines. Doctors aren’t sure how well it works.

  • Take a product called Beano. This can help your body digest beans and some vegetables.
  • Take a medicine called bismuth subsalicylate (brand name: Pepto-Bismol). This can help make gas smell less bad.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — See your doctor or nurse if you also have any of these symptoms:

  • Diarrhea that lasts longer than 5 days
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Belly pain
  • Blood in bowel movements
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained fever
  • Throwing up for longer than 2 days (48 hours)

Are there tests I should have? — Your doctor or nurse will decide which tests you should have based on your age, other symptoms, and individual situation. There are lots of tests, but you might not need any.

Here are the most common tests doctors use to find the cause of gas and bloating:

  • Tests on a sample of your bowel movements to check for blood, unusual levels of fat, and other things
  • Blood test to see if your body has trouble digesting an ingredient called gluten. Gluten is in bread, pasta, condiments, and other foods.
  • Breath test to see if your body has trouble digesting dairy products or if you have an overgrowth of bacteria in your intestines.
  • X-rays to see if there is something wrong with your intestines
  • Upper endoscopy or colonoscopy – For these tests, the doctor puts a thin tube into your stomach or colon. The tube has a camera attached to it, so the doctor can see inside you. The doctor can also take samples of tissue to look at under the microscope (figure 2).

How is gas and bloating treated? — That depends on what is causing your gas and bloating. Treatments can include:

  • Changing what you eat and drink
  • Changing how you eat and drink. Eating more slowly can help with burping.
  • Using supplements to help you digest dairy products
  • Taking medicines that you can buy at a drug store
  • Taking medicines that your doctor prescribes

Can gas be prevented? — You can reduce your chances of getting gas again by:

  • Staying away from foods and drinks that cause gas for you
  • Taking Beano when you eat beans and some vegetables
  • Taking supplements that help you digest dairy if that is your problem
  • Eating more slowly

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Does Activated Charcoal Help with Gas and Bloating?

  1. Wellness
  2. Healthy Living
  3. Does Activated Charcoal Help with Gas and Bloating?

By uclahealth • October 22, 2018

One-third of patients, more commonly women, complain of bloating. Bloating is an uncomfortable pressure in the abdomen caused by excess gas.

What causes gas and bloating?

In certain foods, small sugars can quickly move through the gut. The good bacteria that live there ferment the sugars, creating symptoms of gas and bloating. FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) is the acronym used to describe these sugar triggers. Many common foods can be problematic — it’s not one single food trigger that causes the symptoms.

As people eat more food throughout the day, their symptoms increase because of the compound effects of fermenting sugars. Symptoms are controlled by temporarily eliminating these triggers through dietary restrictions, known as the FODMAP diet. Eventually, patients can slowly consume FODMAP foods one by one in limited quantities to determine which foods and in what amounts cause symptoms.

Charcoal for gas and bloating

Limited research studies have looked at short-term solutions for gas and bloating, such as the use of activated charcoal supplements. Activated charcoal is created by heating common charcoal to make it more porous. The extra spaces in the charcoal trap gas molecules, reducing the gas that causes bloating.

Some studies have shown that charcoal, when combined with simethicone, is even more effective at reducing gas and bloating. Simethicone is a medicine that breaks apart gas bubbles, so they are smaller and easier to absorb or pass.

The research into the effectiveness of activated charcoal is limited but promising. It is important to know that activated charcoal use may come with possible side effects, including:

  • Tongue discoloration
  • Black stools
  • Constipation

Are charcoal supplements regulated?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate activated charcoal the way it regulates prescription medicines. Because of this, and the potential for interaction with other foods or drugs, it is best to consult a dietitian before using it.

Registered dietitians from the UCLA Digestive Health and Nutrition Clinic can provide proven strategies  to help decrease gas and bloating. They aim to reduce symptoms with the least restrictive means possible. Request an appointment online or by calling 310-206-6279 for the Westwood clinic or 310-582-6240 for the Santa Monica clinic. For your convenience, the clinic now offers telemedicine consults for patients.


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34 Foods That Reduce Bloating And Gas, Per Nutritionists

Feeling bloated? It happens to the best of us. *raises hand*

And while all types of bloat feel awful, there are actually two different kinds: gas bloat and water bloat.

The gassy kind of bloat makes you unbutton your jeans after eating certain foods—often beans, dairy, cruciferous veggies like broccoli or cauliflower, or greasy foods. “But we’re all very different, and some foods that might trigger gas for one person don’t for another,” says dietitian Jessica Cording, RD.

Water-retaining bloat makes you feel like the Michelin Man—puffy all over. It’s triggered by hormonal changes during your menstrual cycle, dehydration, or eating lots of salty foods and not enough potassium and water.

That’s why, it’s important to note, beyond eating the right foods, water is crucial for de-bloating, says dietitian Torey Armul, RD. Especially when you’re eating high-fiber foods. “When you eat fiber, you need to drink enough water to digest it and move efficiently through your GI tract.” Armul adds that you may want to steer clear of fizzy water or seltzer, though, which can add extra gas to your digestive tract.

No matter the bloating culprit, the good news is that you can get back on track fast by loading up on these 34 foods that reduce bloating, according to nutritionists.

1. Yogurt

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Yogurt is packed with probiotics—good bacteria that populate your GI tract to support a healthy digestive process and calm inflammation. “Probiotics are an important piece in the big picture of gut health, especially when you’ve got bloating and gas,” says Cording. Go Greek to bump up the protein to 20 grams while lowering the carb count, and enjoy it as dessert with some fresh fruit like grapefruit slices or blueberries.

Can’t digest yogurt because of the lactose? Try kefir, suggests Cording. “It’s 99 percent lactose free and has a greater variety of probiotic bacteria,” she says.

Per 7-ounce serving Greek yogurt: 146 calories, 4 g fat (2.5 g sat fat), 68 mg sodium, 8 g carbohydrates, 7 g of sugar, 0 g fiber, 20 g protein

2. Ginger

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One of the oldest herbal medicines around, ginger’s anti-inflammatory properties work wonders on bloat and gas. “Ginger contains a digestive enzyme called zingibain, which helps the body break down protein,” says Tara Coleman, a clinical nutritionist in San Diego.

“It also has a nice relaxing effect on your intestines, reducing inflammation in your colon, which helps the food you eat pass through your system more easily, and in turn, reduce the bloat and gas you experience,” says Kristin Kirkpatrick, RD, wellness manager at the Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute. Enjoy it in a warm cup of homemade tea to sip on it before, during, or after a meal.

Per 1 tsp fresh ginger: 2 calories, 0.01 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 0.4 g carbohydrates, 0.03 g of sugar, 0 g fiber, 0.04 g protein

3. Fennel

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Fennel is a natural diuretic that can also help banish intestinal gas (a.k.a. it works on both types of bloating). “The compounds anethole, fenchone, and estragole in fennel seeds have antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties that relax intestinal muscle and allow trapped gas to dissipate,” says Coleman.

While you can add the seeds to a cup of tea, Cording says you can also add a cup of sliced fennel bulb into your salad to add a little extra fiber to help you fill up and feel satisfied for longer.

Per 1 cup sliced fennel bulb: 27 calories, 0.2 g fat (0 g sat fat), 45 mg sodium, 6 g carbohydrates, 3 g of sugar, 3 g fiber, 1 g protein

4. Bananas

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Potassium is the main reason this low-maintenance food helps with bloat. “Part of what causes your body to retain water is you’ve eaten too much sodium,” says Cording. “Potassium-rich foods help flush out sodium and water.” She says that while eating one banana won’t magically cure bloat, eating potassium-rich foods like bananas throughout the day will help reduce bloat.

Per medium banana: 105 calories, 0.4 g fat (0 g sat fat), 1 mg sodium, 27 g carbohydrates, 14 g of sugar, 3 g fiber, 1 g protein

5. Lemons

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Yep, the old lemon water trick actually works. Lemon juice is very similar in acidity to the stomach’s digestive juices (yum!) says Coleman, so it can help relieve bloating and other symptoms of indigestion. By drinking lemon juice on the reg, you’re doubling down on hydration plus getting acids to help your GI tract move things along faster.

Per ounce of lemon juice: 7 calories, 0.1 g fat (0 g sat fat), 1 mg sodium, 2 g carbohydrates, 1 g of sugar, 0. 1 g fiber, 0.1 g protein

6. Cantaloupe

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Don’t let the sweetness fool you—melons are nearly all water (90 percent). “The water content in cantaloupe, as well as watermelon and honeydew, is equivalent to having water from a glass,” says Kirkpatrick—helping hydrate your body and reduce bloating. “They’re also natural diuretics, so they help you urinate excess water and salt from your body.”

Cantaloupe also has more potassium than other melons, which helps your body flush out any excess sodium and water it’s holding onto, says Cording.

Per cup of cubed cantaloupe: 54 calories, 0.3 g fat (0 g sat fat), 25 mg sodium, 13 g carbohydrates, 13 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 1 g protein

7. Avocado

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If you’re on a low-carb diet, like keto, avocados are an excellent source of bloat-reducing potassium and antioxidants for just six carbs—a quarter what you’d get in a banana. “After an indulgent weekend, people think you need to starve it out on celery and lettuce, but avocados are a nutrient-rich food that will help you feel satisfied so you’re not hangry when you’re trying to get back on track,” says Cording.

Per 1/3 fruit: 106 calories, 10 g fat (1 g sat fat), 5 mg sodium, 6 g carbohydrates, 0.4 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 1 g protein

8. Canned pumpkin

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Another potassium-pumped food, winter squash like pureed pumpkin also serves up a hefty dose of fiber to help get things moving through your digestive tract—which helps with bloating and gas. You’ll also get a whopping 14,000 IU of vitamin A to help soothe inflammation, adds Cording.

Per half cup of puree: 50 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), 10 mg sodium, 11 g carbohydrates, 4 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 2 g protein

9. Cucumber

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“Cucumber contains lots of water to help keep you hydrated,” says Cording, which is great for helping to clear out excess water from your cells and gas from your GI tract. What’s more, cucumbers contain sulfur and silicon, which act as a mild natural diuretic that makes you pee. They’re also a good way to get your GI tract moving minus the gassy factor of cruciferous veggies.

Per 1/2 cup slices: 8 calories, 0.06 g fat (0 g sat fat), 1 mg sodium, 2 g carbohydrates, 1 g of sugar, 0.3 g fiber, 0.3 g protein

10. Asparagus

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The amino acid asparagine in asparagus is another known diuretic that helps reduce water retention. “Asparagus also contains prebiotic fiber, which are good to nourish the probiotics in your gut and keep your digestive tract running,” says Cording.

Per 1 cup serving (raw): 27 calories, 0.3 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 5 g carbohydrates, 3 g of sugar, 3 g fiber, 3 g protein

11. Kiwi

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These powerful little fruits contain another enzyme, actinidin, that helps speed digestion, says Cording. Just two kiwis are also an excellent source of bloat-beating potassium and fiber—all for just 90 calories.

Per 2 whole kiwis: 90 calories, 1 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 22 g carbohydrates, 13 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 2 g protein

12. Papaya

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The papain in papayas is yet another enzyme that helps break down the foods you eat and fight inflammation. “You can buy papain in supplement form. It’s very effective for soothing the digestive process, especially during the menstrual cycle,” says Cording.

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You’ll also get fiber along with a healthy dose of the anti-inflammatory vitamin A. Just keep a serving to one cup, adds Cording, since the high amount of fructose can sometimes be rough on your GI system.

Per 1 cup pieces: 62 calories, 0. 4 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 12 mg sodium, 16 g carbohydrates, 11 g of sugar, 3 g fiber, 0.7 g protein

13. White beans

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While other beans can lead to mega-bloat, white beans (a.k.a. navy beans) are actually “high in potassium, which helps balance out sodium levels in our body,” says Keri Gans, RD, author of The Small Change Diet.

White beans are a great addition to soups, along with kale, carrots, and other vitamin-rich veggies. Or, you can use them as an alternative to chickpeas in hummus for an equally protein-packed spread.

Per cup, cooked: 100 calories, 1.5 g fat (0 g sat fat), 110 mg sodium, 25 g carbohydrates, 2 g of sugar, 12 g fiber, 8 g protein

14. Pineapple

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Another water-dense fruit, pineapple contains a digestive enzyme called bromelain, says Gans. “Mostly reported anecdotally, bromelain is thought to assist in digestion, by breaking down proteins in the stomach that may otherwise cause bloating.” Throw pineapple in your morning smoothie, or enjoy a couple slices for an afternoon snack.

Per half cup: 80 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), mg sodium, 0 g carbohydrates, 16 g of sugar, 1 g fiber, 0 g protein

15. Beets

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Beets are another potassium-rich food, which can help counteract sodium in your body, and therefore bloat. In fact, “One cup of beets has more potassium, fiber, and protein than a medium banana,” says Armul. Plus, it has fewer calories, too.

Add beets to your salad, roast them with a tray of veggies, or slice them into sticks and bake them to make beet fries.

Per cup, cooked: 37 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), 32 mg sodium, 12 g carbohydrates, 6 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 1 g protein



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Yogurt isn’t your only probiotic-packed option. Kimchi—which is made from fermented cabbage—is another great choice to help with bloat, says Armul.

You can find kimchi in Korean restaurants, at most grocery stores, or you can learn to make your own at home.

Per half cup: 11 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), 374 mg sodium, 2 g carbohydrates, 1 g of sugar, 1.2 g fiber, 4 g protein

17. Celery Root

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Celery root is a powerhouse for fighting water retention and bloat, because it contains a compound that acts like a diuretic. “It makes you urinate, so it can help with any water bloat you’re feeling,” says New York City-based dietitian Brigitte Zeitlin, RD.

Cut celery root into cubes and sauté with thyme and onion, purée it into soup, or roast it in the oven as “steaks.

Per 1 cup diced: 19 calories, 0.2 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 96 mg sodium, 4 g carbohydrates, 2 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 0.8 g protein

18. Tomatoes

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When it comes to water bloat, consuming more water (which tomatoes contain lots of) is key. “It might sound counter-intuitive, but fluid pushes out fluid,” says Zeitlin.

Slice them up to make salsa or top off a sandwich. Since heat evaporates tomatoes’ water and breaks down their fiber (which helps keep your digestion moving), eat ’em raw.

Per 1 cup chopped or sliced: 34 calories, 0.4 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 9 mg sodium, 7 g carbohydrates, 5 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 2 g protein

19. Coconut Water

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Bananas aren’t the only food high in water retention-fighting potassium; coconuts contain plenty of this electrolyte, too. “Your body holds onto water when there’s too much sodium.” says Zeitlin. “Potassium helps push out sodium.”

Avoid the bloating effects of sugar by picking a coconut water with as little sugar as possible, Zeitlin recommends. Down it straight or dilute it with regular water.

Per 1/2 can (260 mL) coconut water: 49 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), 34 mg sodium, 12 g carbohydrates, 11 g of sugar, 0 g fiber, 0 g protein

20. Artichokes

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When foods linger in your gut, they ferment, resulting in gas. Adding fibrous foods, like artichokes, to your diet prevents this by pushing foods along.

“They’re way more versatile than get credit for,” says Zeitlin: Add artichoke hearts to salads, pasta, or toast—or simply grill them whole and dip them in yogurt-dill sauce. Just watch the sodium count on canned versions.

Per ½ cup artichoke hearts, cooked in water: 45 calories, 0. 3 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 50 mg sodium, 10 g carbohydrates, 0.8 g of sugar, 5 g fiber, 2 g protein

21. Zucchini

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This summer fruit is a great source of fiber to support GI motility. “It activates your GI system and pushes out anything that’s backed up and causing bloat and extension,” says Zeitlin.

Pair zucchini noodles with homemade low-sodium tomato sauce and turkey meatballs or add cubed zucchini to stir-fries and salads.

Per 1 cup sliced: 19 calories, 0.4 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 9 mg sodium, 4 g carbohydrates, 3 g of sugar, 1 g fiber, 1 g protein

22. Lentils

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I know what you’re thinking: Don’t beans make you bloated? Well, it depends. Legumes do make some people feel gassy.

That said, though, lentils are “a phenomenal source of fiber, and a little bit goes a long way,” says Zeitlin. If you handle legumes well, the fiber in lentils help you push anything lagging in your GI tract right on through.

Zeitlin recommends sautéeing lentils to make them easier to digest. (Don’t worry, you won’t break down all their fiber.)

Per 1/2 cup cooked in water: 110 calories, 0.4 g fat (0.1 g sat fat), 188 mg sodium, 19 g carbohydrates, 2 g of sugar, 8 g fiber, 9 g protein

23. Oatmeal

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All whole grains contain bloat-beating fiber, but oatmeal might take the cake.

“Having it first thing in the morning will help you move your bowels sooner, so you’ll feel better all day,” says Zeitlin. Top your oatmeal with chopped walnuts and berries for additional fiber, antioxidants, and protein.

Per 1 cup cooked with water: 147 calories, 1 g fat (0.2 g sat fat), 173 mg sodium, 32 g carbohydrates, 1 g of sugar, 5 g fiber, 6 g protein

24. Spinach

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High in immune-boosting and inflammation-fighting antioxidants, spinach has truly earned its reputation as a superfood, says Zeitlin.

You’ll get the most fiber by eating spinach raw, but cooking it makes upping your intake easier. Zeitlin recommends adding spinach to still-hot stir fries so it wilts just a bit.

Per 1 cup raw: 7 calories, 0.1 g fat (0 g sat fat), 24 mg sodium, 1 g carbohydrates, 0.1 g of sugar, 0.7 g fiber, 0.9 g protein

25. Raspberries

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Many fruits, like pears and peaches, have high sugar counts that can leave you gassy. “That’s why [berries] get a better rep for helping you to de-bloat,” says Zeitlin.

Add half a cup fresh or frozen raspberries to oatmeal or a smoothie.

Per 1 cup raw: 64 calories, 0. 8 g fat (0 g sat fat), 1 mg sodium, 14 g carbohydrates, 5 g of sugar, 8 g fiber, 1 g protein

26. Blueberries

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These little antioxidant-packed fruits are high in water and fiber to keep your digestive system grooving, says Atlanta-based dietitian Marisa Moore, RD.

Frozen berries have just as many nutrients as fresh ones, so toss either into whole-grain pancakes or on top of a parfait with plain low-fat Greek yogurt.

Per 1 cup raw: 80 calories, 1 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 17 g carbohydrates, 12 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 1 g protein

27. Watermelon

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Made up of more than 90 percent water, watermelon is a tasty way to get more bloat-fighting liquids into your diet. This naturally sweet fruit is also a source of lycopene, an antioxidant carotenoid associated with heart health.

Snack on a handful of watermelon when hunger strikes.

Per 1 cup raw cubes: 46 calories, 0.2 g fat (0 g sat fat), 2 mg sodium, 12 g carbohydrates, 9 g of sugar, 0.6 g fiber, 0.9 g protein

28. Sweet Potato

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Yet another potassium-rich food that fights sodium-induced water retention: sweet potatoes. (Plus they contain the antioxidant beta carotene.)

Bake sweet potato and top with a dollop of Greek yogurt, add roasted cubes to salads or grain bowls, or purée it into root veggie soup. (Just keep the skin on, since it contains lots of fiber.)

Per 1 medium skin-on potato: 130 calories, 0.2 g fat (0 g sat fat), 524 mg sodium, 30 g carbohydrates, 9 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 3 g protein

29. Mint

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It’s no wonder mint tea is an after-dinner staple in many cultures: The herb may help improve digestion. “Most research is on peppermint oil taken as supplement or capsule, but mint leaves are traditionally used for digestion benefits at the end of a meal,” says Moore.

Brew yourself a mug of mint tea when dealing with bloating or indigestion.

Per 2 tbsp fresh peppermint: 2 calories, 0g fat (0 g sat fat), 1 mg sodium, 0.5 g carbohydrates, 0 g of sugar, 0.2 g fiber, 0.1 g protein

30. Dark Chocolate

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With about two grams of fiber per ounce, dark chocolate satisfies your sweet tooth and keeps your GI tract humming along.

Opt for a plain bar made with at least 70 percent cacao, or sprinkle 100-percent cacao powder into your morning latte or on overnight oats.

Per 1 ounce (70 to 85 percent cacao): 170 calories, 12 g fat (7 g sat fat), 6 mg sodium, 13 g carbohydrates, 7 g of sugar, 3 g fiber, 2 g protein

31. Oranges

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An excellent source of potassium, filled with water, and packing a healthy serving of fiber to boot, oranges are an anti-bloat triple-whammy, Moore says.

Opt for the whole fruit instead of OJ to ensure you don’t miss out on the fiber (or overdo it on the sugar).

Per 1 medium fruit: 65 calories, 0.3 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 16 g carbohydrates, 13 g of sugar, 4 g fiber, 1 g protein

32. Grapefruit

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Grapefruits are packed with water (and are also a good source of fiber) to keep your GI tract moving along, says Moore.

Use grapefruit to add brightness to salads and smoothie bowls, or serve it alongside chicken or shrimp for a hit of zest.

Per 1 small grapefruit: 64 calories, 0. 2 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 16 g carbohydrates, 14 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 1 g protein

33. Butternut Squash

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Like many other bloat-fighting foods, butternut squash also contains plenty of potassium (300 milligrams per cup, to be exact) to support fluid balance, says Moore.

Roast cubes of butternut squash in olive oil or blend steamed squash into your favorite soup.

Per 1/2 cup: 40 calories, 0 g fat (0 g sat fat), 0 mg sodium, 10 g carbohydrates, 2 g of sugar, 2 g fiber, 1 g protein

34. Pomegranate

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Pomegranates contain potassium and a healthy dose of fiber to support digestion and ease bloating.

Since pomegranate is relatively high in sugar, though, you’re best off avoiding fiber-stripped juice and adding a few tablespoons of seeds to salads or grabbing a handful to get your sweet fix.

Per pomegranate: 120 calories, 1.8 g fat (0.2 g sat fat), 5 mg sodium, 28 g carbohydrates, 21 g of sugar, 6 g fiber, 3 g protein

Colleen de Bellefonds
Colleen de Bellefonds is an American freelance journalist living in Paris, France, with her husband and dog, Mochi.

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How can I reduce excess gas?

Unfortunately, there is no simple solution – what works for one person may not work for another. However, some people have found the following ideas helpful:

Think about the way you eat

  • Create a relaxed environment when eating, as nervous tension at meal times can affect digestion.

  • Eat small, regular meals (perhaps 5-6 a day), as an empty bowel produces more wind and rumbles.

  • Some people find that eating a large meal late at night makes them feel uncomfortable. If you find this is the case for you, try to leave a longer time between eating and going to bed, to see if this helps.

  • Eat slowly with your mouth closed to avoid gulping down air with your food, and make sure you chew each mouthful thoroughly.

Avoid foods that may affect you

Some foods, such as baked beans, onions, cauliflower, pulses, and whole grains are well known to be ‘gassy’. Although what produces a lot of wind for one person may not for another. You could also try avoiding:

  • High fat foods and eggs – these can produce bad smelling gas.

  • Refined and sugary foods, especially those which contain sorbitol – an artificial sweetener.

  • Hot spicy food, particularly if you are not used to it.

  • Food with a high content of bran fiber (for example, brown bread and some cereals).

  • Raw vegetables, particularly if you have Crohn’s Disease and strictures (narrowing of the bowel). Cooking vegetables thoroughly helps to break down the fibers, which may aid digestion, and may improve bloating and wind symptoms.

  • Some carbohydrate foods which are cooked and then cooled become ‘resistant starch’ which may cause bloating and wind, when eaten. Such foods include potato or pasta, and cooked potato products that are eaten after reheating, such as potato waffles and oven chips.

You may know that you have an intolerance or are sensitive to certain foods or ingredients. If you are having a problem identifying which foods are causing bloating and wind, it can be helpful to keep a food diary for a week or two. Note down everything you eat and drink and how it makes you feel.

It may be worth experimenting by cutting out certain foods for a short period (4-6 weeks) to see this if this helps. However, bear in mind that cutting out a number of foods can mean missing out on valuable nutrients. It is important, if you can, to maintain a good balanced diet. Talk to our IBD team to see if they can refer you to a dietitian, particularly if you want to try a longer term or more extensive exclusion diet.

Consulting your doctor is also a good idea if you suspect you may be lactose intolerant. There are several types and levels of intolerance, and correct diagnosis is essential to identify the right solution.

Some people with IBS have found that eating a low FODMAP diet helps reduce bloating and wind. FODMAP is an abbreviation for a group of food molecules known as fermentable carbohydrates which are found in foods such as fruit, wheat and dairy products. These molecules are difficult to digest properly, so the undigested molecules pass into the colon where they act as a food source for bacteria. As the bacteria digest the FODMAPs they can cause symptoms such as bloating and wind. Cutting down food containing FODMAPs is thought to relieve these symptoms, and many people with IBS have found low FODMAP diets especially useful. Research has suggested that people with inactive IBD may also have IBS or IBS-like symptoms and that a low FODMAP diet may be beneficial for some of these people. However, the FODMAP diet is quite restrictive and difficult to follow, so if you want to try it, you should get the help of a dietitian to ensure you do not miss out on important nutrients.

For more information on how food affects IBD and suggestions for healthy eating with UC and Crohn’s, see our page Food and IBD.


  • Drink plenty of water, ideally 2 liters per day for a woman, and 2.5 liters per day for a man, dependent on age, climate, physical activity and individual condition. It is worth checking with your IBD team how much water they suggest you should drink.

  • Avoid caffeine in coffee, tea and cola. You could try decaffeinated tea, peppermint tea, green tea, or herbal and fruit teas instead.

  • Avoid fizzy carbonated drinks because these contain gas.

  • Alcoholic drinks can also increase the amount of gas produced. 

  • Avoid drinking from a straw as this can make you swallow air.

Other tips:

  • Try to avoid stress, which can make you gulp air. When you are tense, practice slow breathing.

  • Avoid sitting for long periods. If sitting at work, take regular breaks (at least every hour) to stretch the legs and abdomen.

  • Try to take regular exercise to help improve intestinal transit, for example, it may help to go for a short walk after eating in order to move digested food and gas around.

  • Gently, but firmly, massage the abdomen from right to left to release trapped wind.

  • Practice anal sphincter exercises to help with an  uncontrollable passing of wind. 

  • Wear clothes that are not too tight around your waist, as these can increase the pressure on your abdomen and make it harder for wind to pass along normally.


Home remedies for gas: 7 natural remedies to get rid of gas and bloating

The thought of passing gas at an inappropriate time and in front of people is among the worst fears. Gas is one of the most common and embarrassing health issues. Although it is not a disease and is part of the normal digestion process, gassy stomach can be a painful condition. It can lead to bloating, stomach pain, stomach cramps and heaviness. This condition of gas accumulating in the digestive system is known as flatulence and it happens when you swallow air while drinking or eating. The digestive system produces excessive intestinal gas, which is a mixture of oxygen, carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen, when the amount of stomach acid is not sufficient for the digestion. Other reasons for gas include eating spicy food, not chewing the food properly, stress, digestive disorder, bacterial infection and excessive drinking. Excessive gas leads to problems like belching, burping, gas and discomfort. Here are some home remedies to get rid of the gas and bloating. (ALSO READ Home remedies for constipation: 5 natural remedies to relieve constipation).Also Read – Dangers of Ignoring Your Back Pain And Spine Problems

1. Ginger, cardamom and fennel

Ginger is a miracle herb and is used in home remedies to treat diseases like headache, tummy ache and sore throat. It can also be used to get relief from the gas problem and it is an effective remedy for indigestion. Also Read – Lifestyle Changes And Tips to Help Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

Ginger tea

Method:  Take a teaspoon of ground ginger, one teaspoon of cardamom and fennel seeds. Mix all the ingredients together and take a teaspoon of this mixture and add it to a cup of water. Also, add a pinch of asafoetida or hing in the water. Drink this solution twice daily. You can also chew a piece of ginger or drink ginger tea to help proper digestion and control gas production in the stomach. Also Read – Suffering From High Blood Pressure? This ONE Exercise Can Lower it Instantly

2. Garlic with black pepper and cumin seeds

Garlic is another option to treat the gas problem. It contains healing property and helps in proper digestion. Add garlic to your meals and soups to reduce the formation of gas.

Garlic and black pepper

Method: Take a cup of water and boil it. Now, take a few cloves of garlic and grind it. Add the ground garlic into the water. Add a few black pepper corns and cumin seeds. Let it boil for coupel of minutes and then take it off the fire. Strain the drink and let it cool. Drink this thrice day.

3. Ajwain or Carom Seeds

Ajwain or the carom seeds are effective in treating the gas problem. Thymol present in the carom seeds triggers release of gastric juices, which help in proper digestion of the food.

Carom seeds

Method: Take half a teaspoon of carom seeds and gulp it down with a cup of water. Do this once a day to get relief from gas. (ALSO READ Home remedies for acidity: Try these 11 easy ways for quick relief from acidity).

4. Buttermilk

Buttermilk is an excellent remedy for flatulence and it will calm your stomach.


Method: Take a glass of buttermilk and add a pinch of black salt and ground carom seeds. Mix it well and drink it once or twice a day to get relief from the gas problem.

5. Steamed pumpkin

Pumpkin helps in reducing the formation of gas in the stomach. For this remedy, all you need is pumpkin.


Method: Take a cup of pumpkin and steam it. You can also have it raw or baked or boiled. Eat it every day. (ALSO READ Headache due to acidity: Home remedies to cure headache due to acidity).

6. Apple cider vinegar and water

Apple cider vinegar is another remedy for flatulence. It treats gas and soothes stomach. It is advisable to use apple cider vinegar for the remedy but if you do not have it, you can use regular vinegar.

Apple cider vinegar

Method: Take a glass of warm water and add two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar to it. Drink it once a day, preferably in the morning.

7. Warm lemon water

Lemon helps in digestion as it contains acid that triggers formation of hydrochloric acid, which breaks down food. Lemon is also effective in the treatment of gas and bloating.

Lemon water

Method: Take a glass of warm water and add around two tablespoons of lemon juice into it. You can also add three lemon wedges instead of lemon juice. Stir it and drink this lemon water in the morning on an empty stomach.

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7 Natural Remedies For Gas That You Probably Haven’t Thought Of Before

Dealing with gas can be both annoying and embarrassing, and it sometimes can be hard to manage. No one wants to have to reach for the medicine cabinet every time tummy troubles arise, but luckily, there are a number of natural remedies for gas that can help do the trick. Treating your gas naturally can not only help diminish gas while you’re experiencing it, but it can also help prevent any unwanted flatulence down the line.

“Let’s be honest: We all feel gassy several times during the day,” Dr. Luiza Petre, MD, tells Bustle. “Surveys show that abdominal bloating affects up to 30 percent of Americans. However, because bloating and gas are usually tied to what and how you eat, you can usually avoid it with a few simple changes that can ease your discomfort. “For example, strongly scented herbs, relax the smooth muscle bands that line our digestive tract, controlling the nausea, spasm, gas, and cramping associated with everything from motion sickness to irritable bowel syndrome.”

To stop relying on that Beano and to get rid of bloating and gas one and for all, try some of these seven natural remedies that experts recommend and you likely haven’t thought of before.


Eat More Probiotics


Consuming fermented foods like kimchi, sauerkraut, or kombucha can help bolster the healthy bacteria growth in your gut. “This is helpful because when your gut bacteria is out of balance from things like antibiotics or pesticides, it can cause countless gut issues including gas,” health coach Cameron Hooper, tells Bustle. “Balancing the bacteria in your gut is, hands-down, the best way to avoid gas.” Taking probiotics is considered to be one of the best methods to maintain a healthy digestive system, and is even used as a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome, making them great contenders to fight gas, according to the Mayo Clinic.


Drink Some Rose Water

Rose water doesn’t just smell great and help your skin — it can also be great for your digestive system. This means, it’s a great option to counter gas issues. “Rose water is a natural remedy that is super helpful for gas and bloating and is a great healer for the digestion process,” wellness coach Melody Pourmoradi CEC, AADP, tells Bustle. “Half a shot glass at any signs of gas discomfort does the trick.” Because of the many antioxidants that exist in rose water, it’s a great option for cleaning out your system without having to worry about potentially dangerous side effects, according to Harper’s Bazaar.


Combine Lemon & Baking Soda


“The juice from lemons mixed with baking soda creates carbon dioxide, which is great for digestion,” registered nurse Rebecca Park, tells Bustle. “This mix is great for bloating and flatulence and starts working immediately.” Baking soda acts as an antacid, so it can help relieve gas. However, you want to be careful not to consume too much, as baking soda contains a large amount of sodium, which can be bad for your body in excess. Adding only 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda to water along with some lemon juice can go a long way for relief without leaving your body vulnerable to possible negative side effects.



Andrew Zaeh for Bustle

Sometimes the best remedy is exercise. Exercise can help move waste and nutrients around your body, helping to relieve digestive issues. Although walking after a meal is a good way to help your digestive system, there are also specific yoga poses that can help relieve gas pain or bloating. These exercises help increase circulation and blood flow throughout the body, making them ample in relieving gas or bloating. Exercising regularly can even reduce the risk of constipation, altogether serving as a preventative measure for gas released from your colon, according to the Mayo Clinic. If you try these exercises and your gas issues remain or intensify, you may want to contact your doctor in order to see if your gas issues may be more serious.


Drink Peppermint Tea

Peppermint isn’t just used for its flavor or to freshen your breath. “Mint has been used for centuries to aid digestion and tame troubled tummies,” Petre says. “It has both anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties. Peppermint calms down the entire digestive tract and allows gas to pass.” There have also been studies that show that peppermint tea can relieve the duration, strength, and frequency of abdominal pain in children, according to a study conducted by the University of South Alabama. Making one or two cups of peppermint tea a part of your daily routine can improve your digestive system, cure gas issues, and even prevent any future gas or bloating pain.


Try Activated Charcoal

New Africa/Shutterstock

Ever wonder why people drink those fancy charcoal juices? Well, one of its benefits is its ability to help with bloating and gas, according to Dr. Josh Axe. Activated charcoal helps traps chemicals and prevents their absorption, which can lead to better digestion and less stomach issues. Activated charcoal has been especially known to relieve gas when combined with simethicone, according to UCLA Health. But because activated charcoal is not regulated in the way other prescription medications are, it’s extremely important to talk to your doctor or nutritionist about incorporating activated charcoal supplements into your diet.

While gas may be a difficult issue to deal with, you don’t have to suffer. Trying these natural remedies may help, but if symptoms persist, be sure to talk to your doctor.

This post was originally published on October 3, 2017 It was updated on June 13, 2019. Additional reporting by Syeda Saad.

What Can I Do For Baby Gas Relief? – Forbes Health

When new parents arrive at my pediatric office with gassy newborns, it can be hard to tell who’s been crying longer—the baby or the parents. Although baby gas is harmless, a fussy, gassy baby can make anyone feel helpless. Here are a few tips and tricks to help a baby with gas (and their parents) feel better.

Why Babies Get Gas

Regardless if a baby is being fed formula or human milk, all food is new to a newborn. To digest and absorb nutrients, a baby’s immature gut needs to build up enzymes and microflora. Gas is an expected result of this process.

Babies get gassy tummies from:

  • Normal digestion
  • Poor latch on the breast or bottle nipple
  • Formula intolerance
  • Neurologic immaturity
  • Limited body movement
  • Air swallowing while crying
  • Using a pacifier

In addition to the digestive process, gas can get into a baby’s gut through air swallowing. Babies can swallow air during feeding, when using a pacifier and while crying. The swallowed air gets trapped in the gut and causes discomfort. When gas pains make a baby cry, babies can swallow more air. This vicious cycle makes the situation worse for babies and parents alike.

3 Baby Gas Remedies

There are many ways to help baby gas pain. I encourage my patient’s families to try a variety of approaches to see which is most helpful.

  1. Burping. Burping helps to remove swallowed air from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Holding your baby upright while gently patting their back until gas is released is a technique parents have used for millennia, even though small studies haven’t demonstrated strong evidence that burping prevents gas pain. If your baby doesn’t burp after a few minutes, continue feeding or try some tummy time to help a baby to burp on their own.
  2. Tummy time. Placing a baby on their stomach while awake helps to relieve gas pains. By gently increasing the abdominal pressure, tummy time pushes gas bubbles up and out. Tummy time is also a great way to strengthen the head and neck muscles needed to reach early motor milestones.
  3. Feeding position. Let gravity help get the air out by using an upright feeding position. Make sure your baby has the correct latch on the bottle or breast while feeding. If bottle-feeding, hold the bottle in the best position to keep milk, not air, in the bottle nipple during feeds. If you are not sure your feeding technique is correct, ask your pediatrician or lactation expert for help.

90,000 How to help a person in case of carbon monoxide poisoning

Many people think that during a fire a person can suffer or die only from burns. However, this is not entirely true. According to statistics, approximately 70% of victims are hospitalized after a fire with a diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning. In addition, you can get carbon monoxide poisoning as a result of malfunctioning stove heating, as well as when you are in a closed car with the engine running.

To help a person in time, you need to know the main signs of such poisoning. These are headache, muscle weakness, dizziness, tinnitus, nausea, drowsiness. With a severe degree of poisoning, a person may lose consciousness, the skin becomes pale, and convulsions appear. Ultimately, death from cardiac and respiratory arrest can occur. In such a situation, it is extremely important to provide the victim with competent first aid.

To do this, take the person out into the fresh air, lay him down with his legs raised, free him from tight clothes and let the ammonia sniff.If the victim is conscious, he must be provided with peace and continuous access of fresh air, for example, you can fan him with newspaper or turn on the fan. If the victim is not breathing, it is necessary to give him artificial respiration, having previously cleared the respiratory tract. And, of course, call an ambulance. If this is not possible, then after the restoration of vital functions, try to deliver the victim to a hospital.


– if you find yourself in a smoky room, then you can protect yourself from carbon monoxide if you breathe through a wet cloth.And stay as close to the floor as possible – there is always a layer of fresh air 10-15 cm thick;

– when smoke is present in the staircase, all measures must be taken to prevent smoke from entering the apartment. For these purposes, use wet rags and towels. Never try to go downstairs. There are cases when people lost consciousness and died from carbon monoxide poisoning after going through 2-3 march flights. Also, do not use the elevator during a fire.

And most importantly, do not panic and do not forget to call “01”, “101” or “112” from your mobile.

90,000 poisoning prevention and first aid

Carbon monoxide: poisoning prevention and first aid

Views: 48294

The cause of carbon monoxide poisoning is:

  • Violation of the rules for operating the stove heating (untimely closing of the stove damper, insufficient access of fresh air to the firebox, poor draft).
  • Defective operation of the stove and chimney (cracks in the structure of the stove, clogged chimney).
  • Finding a person in the hearth of a fire.
  • Car maintenance in a garage or poorly ventilated area.
  • Sleeping in a car with the engine running.

Carbon monoxide enters through the lungs, binds to hemoglobin in the victim’s blood and blocks the transfer of oxygen to tissues and organs. From oxygen starvation, the work of the nervous system and the brain is disrupted.The higher the concentration of carbon monoxide and the longer the time spent in the room, the stronger the poisoning and the higher the likelihood of death.

The absence of color and odor in poisonous carbon monoxide makes carbon monoxide especially dangerous.

Symptoms of exposure to carbon monoxide can vary significantly – it all depends on the amount of gas that has entered the body. Some of them may coincide with other diseases, and even pass for a common malaise. But the line between a moderate condition and a lethal danger is very thin, since this gas is too active, and it is very easy for them to be poisoned.
To make a more convenient classification, experts have divided the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning into three categories that can form: mild, moderate and severe.

Light influence:

  • high pressure;
  • headache;
  • knocking at the temples;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • dizziness and weakness;
  • 90,033 chest pain and dry cough;

  • increased heart rate;
  • tearfulness and possible auditory hallucinations.

Average impact:

  • partial or complete paralysis;
  • increased tinnitus;
  • drowsiness;

Severe influence:

  • muscle cramps;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • 90,033 pupil enlargement with minimal light response;

  • uncontrolled emptying of the bowel or bladder;
  • 90,033 shortness of breath;

  • blue discoloration of the facial skin.

All of these factors are the result of a dangerous carbon monoxide leak. And if you feel any of these symptoms, and there is a gasified source nearby, we strongly recommend that you leave the premises.

First aid for poisoning

It must be remembered that when removing the victim from a room with a dangerous concentration of carbon monoxide, first of all, you must protect yourself, in order to avoid poisoning as well.The main “antidote” for carbon monoxide poisoning is oxygen.

  • Remove victim to fresh air.
  • Call an ambulance.
  • Eliminate intake of carbon monoxide.
  • Ventilate the room (open windows and doors) and leave the room.
  • If the victim is conscious, provide continuous access of fresh air and short-term inhalation of ammonia, rub the body.
  • If the victim is unconscious, artificial respiration should be initiated immediately before regaining consciousness or before an ambulance arrives.
  • Inform an ambulance doctor if you suspect carbon monoxide poisoning.

90,000 Financial Times linked the fall in gas prices to Putin’s speech

Gas prices in the world market began to decline noticeably on October 6 after Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia was ready to help stabilize energy prices, writes the Financial Times. On Wednesday, gas prices rose to a level 10 times higher compared to the beginning of the year.

On Wednesday, the price of gas on the ICE exchange reached an all-time high of $ 1920 per thousand cubic meters. m, and at closing it decreased by 1.5 times, to $ 1250 per thousand cubic meters. m. The representative of the consulting company ICIS Tom Marsek-Manser called October 6 “the most volatile and unpredictable day” that market players have ever seen.

The publication noted that the UK is one of the countries most affected by rising gas prices. In calm weather, the share of renewable energy sources in the country’s energy balance decreases, so more than 50% of electricity can be produced with the help of gas.

On October 6, Putin held a meeting on energy issues. The President supported the idea of ​​increasing gas supply on the market amid rising prices for it in Europe. However, this should be done not through the EU spot market, but through the St. Petersburg Stock Exchange. “Let’s do it, discuss it. If this will bring down the rush demand, then you can do it. Only not to the detriment of oneself, of course, ”the president emphasized.

According to Bloomberg, due to the rapid increase in the price of gas, the ICE exchange briefly limited trading in fuel futures.According to the mechanism for limiting the interval value, if an order for trading does not fit into the specified range, it will not be accepted. This made it possible to reduce gas prices.

The price of gas in Europe has been breaking records since the beginning of August, when in the middle of the month it reached $ 600 per 1,000 cubic meters for the first time in history and has more than tripled since then. This is taking place against the backdrop of settled calm weather, which led to a significant drop in wind generation, as well as low occupancy of continental UGS facilities ahead of the heating season, shortages of LNG and coal, as well as uncertainties with the timing and volumes of supplies via the new Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.

The State Department demanded that Russia supply gas to Europe in excess of the contract


The State Department demanded that Russia supply gas to Europe in excess of the contract

The State Department demanded that Russia supply gas to Europe beyond the contract – RIA Novosti, 10/25/2021

The State Department demanded that Russia supply gas to Europe in excess of the contract

Russia “can and should” increase gas supplies to Europe in excess of the contracted volumes through existing pipelines in order to prevent an energy crisis on… RIA Novosti, 25.10.2021

2021-10-25T18: 10

2021-10-25T18: 10

2021-10-25T20: 48


in the world

natural gas



US Department of State


Nord Stream – 2

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WASHINGTON, October 25 – RIA Novosti. Russia “can and should” increase gas supplies to Europe beyond contracted volumes through existing pipelines in order to prevent an energy crisis on the continent, possible in the event of a cold winter, said Amos Hochstein, a spokesman for the State Department for Energy Security. He called on Germany to make it clear to Russia what to introduce Nord Stream 2 will not be operational before March next year, and it should use existing routes, including the Ukrainian pipeline system, to expand supplies.According to Hochstein, Moscow is the only supplier that can change the situation on the European energy market. “If Russia has gas for Nord Stream, then it has volumes for the gas transportation system of Ukraine and other routes. They should use them,” – he added. The diplomat reiterated that the United States does not change the negative attitude towards Nord Stream 2, but has moved from attempts to oppose its construction to leveling the negative consequences of its operation. Hochstein predicts that Europe may face energy shortages this winter if it turns out colder conventional, and fuel prices will rise over the next ten years.When asked whether the United States is able to help Europe with the supply of liquefied gas, he replied that American companies have sufficient reserves of such fuel, but the authorities have no right to dictate export directions to them. In recent months, the European gas market has been experiencing significant fluctuations. Back in early August, futures were trading at $ 515 per thousand cubic meters, but by the end of September they more than doubled, and on October 6 they jumped to a historic high of $ 1937. This was followed by a decline, but prices continue to be at a high level.Experts explain this situation by several factors: the low level of occupancy of European underground gas storage facilities, limited supply from the main suppliers and high demand for LNG in Asia. According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the gas shortage in the European market was the result of the economic policy of the European Commission. In addition, eight billion cubic meters of gas were not supplied to Europe from the United States and the Middle East, while Gazprom increased imports by 11 billion cubic meters.



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18:10 25.10.2021 (updated: 20:48 10.25.2021)

The State Department demanded that Russia supply gas to Europe in excess of the contract

How to catch carbon dioxide: economy digest No. 13

Photo: RBC Trends

Topic of the week: What to do with CO


The global transition to clean energy will take more than one year, and it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions now.Carbon dioxide capture technology can help.

The method was invented a long time ago: the first plant that began working with this technology was built in the USA in 1972. According to the research center Global CCS Institute for 2019, there are only 19 enterprises in the world that capture CO 2 , another 32 are at various stages of construction. There are so few of them because such projects were very expensive.

Thanks to scientific and technological progress, today this technology has become more accessible, and in the world it is beginning to be applied on a larger scale.For example, the Norwegian government plans to spend $ 2.6 billion to develop the Northern Lights program. The project will primarily affect waste incineration plants and cement factories, because their production cycle is difficult to make more environmentally friendly. The CO 2 emitted by these businesses is planned to be collected and liquefied. After that, carbon dioxide will be “buried” on the seabed – for example, by pipes it will be sent to spent oil fields. There it will react with minerals and sedimentary rocks and, in the form of carbonate, can remain on the seabed for thousands of years.

Scientists at Project Vesta also propose storing carbon dioxide in the oceans. They want to bind CO 2 using chemical reactions common in nature. Rainwater, which contains carbon dioxide, interacts especially strongly with minerals rich in silicon, calcium and magnesium. The products of these reactions then end up in the ocean, and marine organisms recycle them and build their shells. In the natural environment, this process takes a long time, and scientists want to speed it up.They suggest making beaches from olivine, a mineral that contains magnesium and silicon and is easily destroyed. So the products of the chemical reaction will get into the sea faster, which means that it will be possible to collect more CO 2 . At the same time, the project participants point to the low cost of the solution – 1 ton of carbon dioxide can be processed for only $ 10.

According to the McKinsey consultancy, CO 2 has the potential to be beneficial in a variety of industries. So, with the help of carbon dioxide, it is possible to more efficiently extract oil, as well as produce concrete blocks from it for construction and create new types of fuels, materials and fertilizers.As a result, the level of CO emissions 2 may not only drop to zero, but also become negative.

One line

Discussion of the Week

Should old trees be used as biofuel or not?

Jonathan Kuzel is the founder of the Sierra Institute for Community and Environment, a non-profit eco-organization. He lives in the state of California and has faced the consequences of wildfires many times – twice they directly threatened his life. Kuzel is sure that old and diseased trees, which are highly flammable, contribute to the spread of fire.During a fire, the same amount of carbon dioxide is emitted into the air as 750 thousand cars are produced annually. Kuzel believes that wood needs to be processed and used as fuel. Then there will be fewer fires and emissions.

Not everyone agrees with him. Many scientists point out that biofuel producers are often carried away and use not only old trees, but also young and healthy ones. According to the Dogwood Alliance conservation organization, 40 million acres of mixed forest (approximately 160,000 sq.km²) and planted this area with pine trees. Because of this, many species of animals and insects became extinct. In addition, factories that burn biomass produce 1.5 times more carbon dioxide than coal plants.

What to See: The documentary 2040: The Future Awaits, in which Australian actor and director Damon Gamo talks to his four-year-old daughter how to save the world with eco-technologies.

What to listen to

“Green” podcast RBC Trends

A new episode of the podcast will discuss what to do with unwanted clothes, why textiles in landfills are dangerous and what swaps are.The volume of fashion industry waste in the world reaches 92 million tons per year, most of which is thrown away. In landfills, clothes smolder for decades, emitting methane and provoking fires.

To avoid this, it is necessary to recycle unnecessary things or give them to those who need them. Daria Alekseeva from the Second Wind Foundation, which is known for its collection points and the Charity Shop chain, will tell you where to hand over textiles so that they do not end up in a landfill.

In the second part of the issue, Nailya Golman, co-founder of the Swap it and never buy project, will talk about swaps – another way to give new life to unnecessary things.

What to Read

In her book The Next Great Migration, journalist Sonia Shah explains why the movement of people and creatures around the planet “can be the key to maintaining biodiversity and a vibrant society.” She, in particular, writes about how the study of nature and climatic changes lead to the emergence of new species. The book is currently only available in English.

More information and news about how business, law and society are “greening” in our Telegram channel.Subscribe.

90,000 Western partners “stooped” Ukraine to help Moldova with gas

Ukrainian political scientist and video blogger Anatoly Shariy is skeptical about Kiev’s decision to help the Republic of Moldova survive this winter without Russian gas. He discusses this in his program “What is the reason for our assistance to Moldova?”

He notes, given that Ukraine itself is freezing, assistance to Chisinau is a demand from Western partners. Shariy recalled that Moldova is the second country after Ukraine that has not signed a long-term contract with Gazprom for the supply of Russian gas.Under these conditions, Ukraine decided to help its neighbors with gas free of charge, but with the condition of return.

“Moldova cannot buy gas at exchange prices, it is very expensive, it really found itself in a catastrophic situation. At the same time, Moldova is also a pro-American country, and President Maia Sandu is pro-American, so Ukraine is forced to provide gas to Moldova, as this is a demand of our friends and partners, ”Shariy says.

The expert asks the question why the external partners themselves do not help “fraternal Moldova”?

“Why didn’t the pro-American Sandu get anything from America?Received nothing from Western partners. They simply “bent” those Ukraine so that it will share gas, having no gas itself. It is perfectly!” – concluded Anatoly Shariy.

A state of emergency in the energy sector is currently in force in Moldova. Gas is sorely lacking, the state reserve of fuel oil has already been used. The authorities of the republic last week were unable to agree with the Russian side on the extension of the preferential contract. Gazprom offered an adequate market price with an additional discount of 25% on condition that Moldova itself repaid its debt in the amount of about $ 700 million within three years, but the Moldovan side insisted on a gas price twice lower than the market price, citing lack of funds.Chisinau is planning alternative purchases, negotiating in Romania and Poland.

Today, October 25, the head of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Energy and Housing and Communal Services Andriy Gerus wrote in his TG channel that Moldova is asking Ukraine for 15 million cubic meters of gas. He specified that the volume requested by the Moldovan side is only 0.08% of the gas reserves in the Ukrainian storage facilities, but for Chisinau this is a critical volume.

“This is a certain form of ’emergency assistance’, the correct practice of good neighborly relations.The only thing Ukraine wants is for Moldova to return this gas by the end of winter. Still, in four months Moldova will most likely find a permanent gas supplier, and in February Ukraine will most of all need it. Once again, this is the only wish on the part of Ukraine, ”stressed Andriy Gerus.

As reported by EADaily , the Moldovan government does not recognize the historical debt for gas to Russia and believes that this issue should not be discussed when concluding new contracts for the supply of Russian blue fuel.

How to detect and prevent a manometer malfunction

How do you know if a pressure gauge is damaged or may fail?

Dave Ross Senior Service Engineer

Manometers are very small devices. However, they are an important component of systems in various industries. The visual indication of system pressure they provide allows you to understand if everything is operating within the required range or a problem is impending. Inaccurate operation of the pressure gauge can lead to a decrease in the quality of the product at the outlet of the system due to a violation of the reliability of the data and the subsequent excessive increase or decrease in pressure in the system.If the pressure gauge malfunctions, the process fluid may be released from the system, which means injury to employees, damage to the system (which will take time and money to fix), as well as loss of output and profit.

Knowing the signs and causes of an impending gauge malfunction will help you quickly understand that pressure readings have ceased to be accurate, and avoid unwanted consequences.

If you think your system has a poorly performing pressure gauge, continue reading this article for warning signs.

What are the symptoms of a gauge failure?

The five main causes of a gauge failure, symptoms, and actions you can take to correct the problem are described below.


If the pointer of the pressure gauge is pressed against the stop-limiter, it means that the pressure in the pressure gauge approaches the maximum value or exceeds it. This indicates that the installed pressure gauge has an inappropriate pressure range for the system and is not able to correctly indicate the pressure in the system.As a result, the Bourdon tube may burst, leading to complete failure of the gauge.

Bourdon tube is a curved hollow tube, usually made of metal, that is located inside the pressure gauge. This tube responds to system pressure and moves the associated needle to display the corresponding pressure on the dial of the pressure gauge.

A pressure gauge must be selected with a pressure range of twice the intended operating pressure of the system in order to expand the pressure measurement range, or add a safety device to the system (i.e.e. bypass valve) in front of the pressure gauge. For extreme system conditions, use a limited bore (0.3 mm) gauge to limit flow, or consider a diaphragm seal instead of a Bourdon tube design for a more reliable solution.

Pressure surges

If you find that the gauge needle is bent, broken, or jagged, it is likely that the gauge has undergone a sudden pressure surge in the system caused by turning the pump on / off or opening / closing a valve in the line upstream of the gauge.The arrow could be damaged from hitting the stop-stop. Such a sudden change in pressure can lead to rupture of the Bourdon tube and failure of the pressure gauge.

Review the design of the system to ensure that no unexpected pressure surges can cause undue stress on components, including the pressure gauge. An alternative solution is to select a gauge with a wider pressure range to accommodate any anticipated pressure surges.

Mechanical vibration

A poorly adjusted pump, piston compressor or incorrectly mounted pressure gauge can result in loss of the pointer, protective glass, protective glass ring or rear cover.At the same time, black dust or scratches left by a weakened hand can also be seen on the dial.
The vibrations of the pressure gauge are transmitted to the Bourdon tube, and the vibration can destroy the moving component, which means that the dial will no longer show the actual pressure in the system.
The liquid filling of the pressure gauge body dampens vibrations and eliminates or reduces unnecessary vibrations in the system. For extreme conditions in the system, a shock absorber or diaphragm seal pressure gauge should be used.


Frequent cyclical movement of the process fluid in a system with rapid changes in direction leads to wear on the moving components of the gauge. This condition, determined by the oscillating needle of the device, can impair its ability to measure pressure, as well as lead to the destruction of the Bourdon tube and complete failure of the pressure gauge.
In this case, you should change the design of the system by moving the pressure gauge to a place where the influence of the speed of the cyclic movement of the medium on it will be less and the required measurement accuracy will not suffer.If it is not possible to change the design of the system, then the use of a pressure gauge with a liquid filling, a limited nominal bore or a shock absorber will allow to reduce the effect of pulsation.

Learn more about how to choose the most suitable pressure gauge for your needs

Excessive temperature and overheating

A gauge that is improperly mounted or located too close to excessively hot process media or system components may have a discolored dial or a fluid-filled case due to a failed gauge component.The increased temperature exposes the pressurized system to additional stress and reduces the measurement accuracy, causing mechanical stress in the metal Bourdon tube and other components of the pressure gauge. A pressure gauge with a different temperature rating will perform more consistently over the expected temperature range that the system will be exposed to. For applications with extreme temperatures, choose a pressure gauge with a diaphragm seal or a diaphragm seal with a cooling element.

Any pressure gauge can fail – this is the reality. Knowing how to pinpoint an impending malfunction can help you avoid the worst possible consequences. But it is even more important to know how to choose the right pressure gauge for your specific needs. Choosing the optimal pressure gauge for a specific system is often a challenge. But taking the time to analyze your system’s needs and making informed decisions ahead of time will reduce the likelihood of premature failure and will pay off in safer plant operations, accurate system pressure measurements, and reduced process fluid loss from installing the wrong gauge.