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Newborn vomiting curdled milk: The request could not be satisfied


7 Reasons Why Babies Spit Up Curdled Milk And When To Worry

Babies may spit up curdled milk due to various causes. The milk gets curdled when it is mixed with stomach acid. It is a normal occurrence during digestion. Occasionally, babies may spit up curdled milk or milk due to an immature digestive system.

Excessive spitting up of curdled milk or any stomach contents is a cause of concern. You may consult a pediatrician since this can be due to underlying causes that may require medical or surgical care.

Read this post to know more about the possible causes and tips to manage spitting up curdled milk in babies.

Possible Causes Of Spitting Up Curdled Milk

Babies may spit up curdled milk occasionally without apparent causes. However, excessive spitting up of curdled milk can be due to any of the following reasons (1).

1. Acid reflux

Acid reflux can be a common cause of spitting up curdled milk in new borns and young babies. Immature gastroesophagealsphinctersmay cause stomach contents to come up through the esophagus and reach the mouth.

Feeding in an upright position, offering feeds little and often and keeping baby in an upright position for 20 minutes after feeding may help reduce acid reflux in some babies.

Some babies with severe acid reflux may require food thickeners for breast milk or formula You may seek a pediatrician’s advice to choose the best method to manage acid reflux in your baby. Some may require medications to prevent acid reflux.

2. Food intolerance or allergy

Lactose intolerance or milk allergy could cause frequent spitting up of curdled milk in some babies. A dietician may assist you with allergy investigations and whether you need to cut out certain food groups during breastfeeding.

If formula feeding, switching to specific formulas, such as low-lactose formula or hypoallergenic formula (hydrolysate formula), may improve the baby’s condition.

Some babies may spit up curdled milk if they are drinking cow’s milk. Eliminating cow’s milk from the diet could resolve this problem. You must only introduce cow’s milk once the baby is older than 12 months.

3. Pyloric stenosis

Pylorus is the outlet of the stomach. Pyloric stenosis is a condition where the pylorus is narrowed and obstructed. The condition interferes with the movement of food from the stomach to the intestines. It can cause the baby to regurgitate curdled milk from the stomach.

Babies may have projectile vomiting of curdled milk, no bowel movement or constipation, and weight loss due to pyloric stenosis. You may seek medical care for diagnosis and treatment.

4. Overfeeding

Babies fed more than the required amount tend to spit up curdled or regular milk since their stomach is full. The gastroesophageal sphincters may open due to pressure and cause the backflow of stomach contents in overfed babies.

5. Immature gastrointestinal system

Immature or underdeveloped gastrointestinal structures and functions can be a reason for frequent spit-up in many babies. Newborns and premature babies are more likely to have an immature GI system.

6. Feeding position

Babies fed in lying down positions may quickly spit up when compared to babies who are mostly fed in an upright position. Milk tends to move down promptly in an upright position, and the position may also help keep the esophageal sphincters closed.

Breastfed babies may benefit from being fed in a laid-back breastfeeding position which can help pace the milk flow.

7. Swallowing air

Swallowing air because of a fast milk flow or suboptimal latch to the breast or bottle teat while feeding may increase the chance of spit-up. The gastroesophageal sphincters may open for burping, and babies may spit up milk or curdled milk along with burp.

Try to identify and avoid the possible causes of spitting up curdled milk. Seek medical care if the baby continues to spit up curdled milk regardless of interventions.

What Does Normal Baby Spit-up Look Like?

Spit-up can be whitish in breastfed and formula-fed infants. Older infants who are eating solid foods may have spit-up of other colors, depending on what they eat. Sometimes, babies may spit up saliva or stomach acid that may look like a clear fluid.

A red color and coffee-ground color may indicate bleeding in the stomach or upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and yellow or green color can be due to bile or phlegm. You may seek medical care if spit-up has these colors.

When To Call A Doctor?

You may contact the healthcare provider if your baby spits up excess curdled milk or spits up frequently. You may seek medical care for both curdled spit-up and normal spit-up.

Seek medical care if your baby has any of the following conditions with excess spit-up (4).

  • No weight gain
  • Forceful spit-up or vomiting
  • Green or yellow fluid
  • Blood in spit-up or coffee-ground appearance of the spit-up
  • Refuses to eat or drink
  • Blood in stool
  • Breathing problems after spit-up
  • Dehydration
  • Continuous or frequent crying

Stopping or reducing breastfeeding or changing to formula feeding without consulting a pediatrician is not an ideal decision. Spitting up curdled milk can be due to various reasons. The doctor will diagnose the underlying cause and commence the necessary treatment for relief.

Tips To Reduce Spitting Up Curdled Milk

The following tips may help to reduce spitting up curdled milk in babies (2) (3).

  • Feeding in an upright position or laid back breastfeeding position may help to minimize spit-up.
  • Do not overfeed since babies tend to spit up more when the stomach is full.
  • Do not let the baby lay on their stomach immediately after feeding.
  • Manage milk flow or adjust feeding positions if you have an oversupply of milk.
  • Avoid dressing the baby in tight clothes that may put pressure on their belly while feeding.
  • Feed in regular intervals; long gaps between feedings may increase stomach acid build-up.
  • Give medications on time if prescribed.
  • Modify the diet of infants who are on solid food as per recommendations.
  • Breastfeeding mothers may modify their diet as per recommendations.
  • Discuss the necessary surgery with your doctor if spitting up is due to certain conditions, such as pyloric stenosis.

Spitting up of curdled milk can be avoided in many babies. However, if your baby tends to spit up more than usual, you may seek medical care.

Spitting up of curdled milk is usually a normal event. Most babies stop the habit as they grow older and as their digestive system becomes mature. You may try to identify the possible causes, such as erroneous feeding positions or overfeeding, and make changes accordingly. If your interventions don’t work, consult a pediatrician for the diagnosis of any underlying issue.


MomJunction’s articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.


The following two tabs change content below.Dr. Bisny T. Joseph is a Georgian Board-certified physician. She has completed her professional graduate degree as a medical doctor from Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia. She has 3+ years of experience in various sectors of medical affairs as a physician, medical reviewer, medical writer, health coach, and Q&A expert. Her interest in digital medical education and patient education made… more

Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk: 10 Reasons to Investigate

Is your baby spitting up curdled milk? Or simply spits up a lot?

Let’s go through why a baby spits up, what the curdled milk means, and when the spitting up or vomiting may be a sign that something isn’t quite right. Learn what to do in each situation.

Mom’s question:
My baby boy is 5 weeks old. He is eating 4 oz every 3-4 hours. He is spitting up a lot. He was on breast milk, but after he was spitting up what looked like curdled milk his doctor said to try formula. He is doing the same thing, so switching to formula didn’t help at all. I’m not sure what to try now?

Brandi (Sparr, FL)

Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk, Spits Up A Lot or Vomits: Reasons & Remedies

What Does Normal Baby Spit Up Look Like

For babies that are fully breastfed or formula-fed, normal baby spit-up will look just like the formula or milk that he or she just had or may appear more or less curdled.

The milk becomes curdled when mixed with the acidic stomach fluid. So, a baby spitting up curdled milk in itself is completely normal. Many babies spit up a bit of curdled milk now and then.

If the baby swallowed the milk, and it is mixed with the stomach fluids, it will come back up curdled. If your baby spat up immediately after swallowing, the milk will come back up just like regular milk.

Baby Spit-up Color

As you have already noticed, baby spit-up is likely to be whitish as long as the baby is on formula or breastmilk. Once solid foods are introduced, the spit-up color will depend on what the baby is eating.

However, there are a few colors to watch out for:

Red or coffee-ground color usually indicates blood. This may need to be addressed immediately by a doctor.

Yellow or green spit-up could mean that your baby either is vomiting phlegm or bile, indicating that your baby is ill.

Babies can also spit up clear liquid, which is usually less of a concern. The spit-up can be saliva or stomach content, and it can indicate acid reflux or possibly pyloric stenosis, which you can read more about below.

But again, a baby spitting up curdled milk is not in itself an issue.

Why do most babies spit up even if they are not ill?

It is normal for infants to spit up, especially after feeding or during burping. This is often due to the immaturity of their lower esophageal sphincter or the LES, gastroesophageal reflux, wherein the abdominal contents flow back up to the esophagus, hence the infant spits up.

Another possible cause is aerophagia or swallowing too much air instead of milk.

And lastly, spitting up can also be caused by overstimulation of the infant during mealtime.

These events may occur in young babies and they are common. Babies usually outgrow reflux as they grow older, while aerophagia can be addressed by positioning the infant properly during feeding, and lastly, but keeping mealtimes more peaceful and not “bouncy”.

When Do Babies Stop Spitting up?

In general, spitting-up peaks at around 4 months and then stops at some point between 6 months and 12 months of age. Most babies more or less stop spitting up when they have become strong enough to sit up without support.

Unless there are specific underlying problems, you can say that generally, when babies can tolerate the amount of milk that they ingested, they don’t spit up anymore. So an infant that turns away from the breast or feeding bottle on his own will not spit up, taking into consideration that they are burped and held in an upright position for 30 minutes or so right after feeding.

Is my Baby spitting up or vomiting?

This is a very relevant question since spitting up is considered normal in many cases, while vomiting is always associated with illness.

Vomiting is more forceful than spitting up, and it involves more than just a couple of tablespoons of stomach contents. Vomiting can be a sign of a viral infection in the stomach, a reaction to something the baby ate, or another gastrointestinal problem.

  • While spitting up is an easy backflow of stomach contents to the esophagus and into the mouth, vomiting is the forceful, voluminous backflow of stomach contents, and tends to be projectile. Vomiting is usually associated with illnesses such as infection, allergies, and abdominal obstruction.
  • A spit-up is usually just a few milliliters of the stomach contents, while vomitus maybe the whole of what you consumed at a time.

9 Reasons for Excessive Spitting Up of Curdled Milk in Babies

Here are a few possible reasons for excessive spitting up of curdled milk:

1. Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a common condition for infants. You can shift your formulas to low lactose content milk or lactose-free formulas. Sometimes, they can outgrow this, others may not.

You will find symptoms of lactose intolerance in this post.

You can try a low lactose formula, which can help your baby if he is lactose intolerant. (Link to Amazon, where you can check it out.)

2. Cow’s Milk Allergy

Cow’s milk allergy is a common childhood allergy. It occurs in 7% of babies less than 1-year-old but often resolves by 5 years old.

It can lead to an immediate-type or a delayed-type of reaction when cow’s milk is consumed. For the immediate type of CMA, the infant experiences symptoms right after the introduction of the cow’s milk, while for the delayed type of reaction, the symptoms can be seen after several hours or days after the introduction of CM. The baby may experience one or more symptoms:

  1. rashes on face or eyelids
  2. swelling of the face, lips, or around the eyes
  3. vomiting, abdominal colic, diarrhea, stomachache
  4. nasal congestion or runny nose
  5. more severe symptoms include: wheezing or difficulty in breathing, swelling of the throat (these red flags indicate a trip to the emergency room ASAP!)

For a baby with cow’s milk allergy, a type of formula that may work are hydrolysate formula, which is hypoallergenic.

Remember that it is entirely possible to continue breastfeeding a baby who is allergic to cow’s milk! All you have to do is to eliminate cow’s milk from your own diet.

3. Acid reflux

Another possible cause is acid reflux. This is quite common among newborn babies, where the gastric juices containing acid can travel back from the stomach into the throat. Continuing breastfeeding is still recommended. Give small frequent feedings. Set him in an upright position right after feeding and make sure to burp him.

Switching to formula can sometimes help slightly since the formula is a bit thicker than breast milk. This is probably why the doctor suggested it. But it is a fairly minor difference – or no difference, as in your case!

You’ll find several tips for feeding a baby with reflux here.

Learn more about foods to eat and avoid while breastfeeding here.

There is also some medication available for severe acid reflux.

Obviously, no one can tell if your baby does have reflux without examining him and there may be other reasons for his spitting up.

4. Feeding position and swallowing of air

Positioning during feeding is important since the baby’s LES are immature.

Keep your baby’s head elevated when feeding, so the milk flows directly down to the esophagus and the stomach. Keeping his lower extremities higher than his head can cause a backflow of the contents to his esophagus. Also, this can eliminate aerophagia, which can also cause spitting up.

Keeping him in an upright position after feeding is also helpful in keeping the milk down and actively preventing any reflux to happen. Keep him in this position until he burps.

5. Overfeeding

Babies have small stomachs that can only accommodate a few millilitres per feeding. But sometimes, they become overzealous in feeding that they do not release the breast from their latch.

When you notice your baby spitting up after feeding or while burping and grunting while sleeping, this is usually a sign of overfeeding.  Hence, it is still advisable to give them small frequent feedings, to feed on demand, and to always keep them upright right after feeding.

6. Immature gastrointestinal system

As already mentioned, infants have less developed gastric organs. The lower esophageal sphincter or LES is still immature and can weakness of this sphincter can cause reflux or spit-up. A baby may spit up to 10 to 12 times in a day and it is still considered normal.

7. Pyloric Stenosis

Pyloric Stenosis is a condition where the outlet of the stomach is too narrow for the foods to travel over into the intestines. It usually presents with projectile vomiting of milk that may or may not is curdled and an olive-shaped mass near the umbilical area. This condition needs treatment and surgery. (You can read more about pyloric stenosis at KidsHealth.org).

This video presents an excellent explanation of pyloric stenosis:

8. Duodenal Atresia

Duodenal Atresia is another anatomical abnormality that can present with vomiting shortly after birth. In this case, there is a closure in the first part of their small intestines.

Duodenal Atresia is rare and the cause is unknown. 1 of 3 cases occur in babies who also have Down’s syndrome.

You can watch the video below to learn more about the condition:

9. Intestinal malrotation and volvulus

Another condition is intestinal malrotation. It is a birth defect and happens when your baby’s intestine doesn’t turn like it should. This can result in the intestine getting twisted (called volvulus) which in turn can cause a blockage.

This usually presents with abdominal distention and bilious vomiting.


There are more anatomical abnormalities that can present with vomiting or spitting up. The best thing to do is still to call your doctor.

10. Infection

A neurological infection or a gastrointestinal infection can present with spitting up or vomiting. Increased intracranial pressure can press on the vomiting center of the brain, causing the baby to spit up more frequently than normal. Acute gastroenteritis can cause vomiting and is usually accompanied by watery stools.

These situations warrant medical consult the earliest possible time. It is important to avoid dehydration since infants are so fragile to infections like these.

This is not a full list, of course, but some examples. It may very well also be that nothing is wrong with your baby and that he simply is a baby who spits up a bit more than the average infant. If your baby is gaining weight and doesn’t appear to be in pain, he is likely to be fine.

Warning Signs of Excessive Spitting Up in Babies

The reason I say that the doctor and you may have misunderstood each other is that it should be the excessive spitting up rather than the curled milk that is the main problem.

Here are some indicators from Mayo Clinic of problematic excessive spitting up in babies:

  • Your baby isn’t gaining weight
  • The spit ups are forceful, more like real vomiting
  • The spit-up contain green or yellow fluid
  • Your baby spits up blood or material that looks like coffee grounds (which is likely to be blood, and in this case you need to take your baby to a doctor immediately)
  • Your baby refuses to eat repeatedly
  • There is blood in his or her poop
  • Your baby has difficulty breathing or other signs of illness (again, call the Dr or an ambulance, depending on the situation)
  • Spitting starts late – at age 6 months or older (this could, for example, be due to a food intolerance)
  • If your baby cries a lot –   for more than three hours a day and is more irritable than normal
  • Shows signs of dehydration and has fewer wet diapers than usual

It is always imperative to consult your doctors when there are sudden changes in your babies’ diet, activities, milestones, and habits. Babies are prone to infection and are very vulnerable when they get sick.  Breastfeeding is still the best source of antibodies for babies up to six months of age.

How to reduce a baby’s spitting up of curdled milk?

First of all, make sure there are no medical reasons for his spitting up and again remember that it is not the curdled milk that may be a problem, but how much your baby is spitting up/vomiting and his or her health in general.

If you believe any of the reasons explained above may be relevant to your baby, consult a doctor.

If the spitting up is caused by less concerning reasons, such as how your baby is fed, his age, mild acid reflux, etc, then here are some tips to prevent him from spitting up:

  • Feed your baby before she is starving. A very hungry baby will feed more aggressively and risk swallowing air or overfeed.
  • Burp frequently.
  • Feed in smaller portions (but more frequently).
  • Feed in a more upright position.
  • Consider low lactose milk formula or lactose-free milk formula (if your baby is formula-fed).
  • Limit active playing, like bouncing or tummy time for 30 minutes after feeding. Keep his meal times peaceful.

Good luck!

Read Next

Research References

Hey, parents, is your baby spitting up curdled milk too? Please help this mom by commenting below! Or share your own thoughts and worries!

Share with your friends! 🙂

Baby Vomiting

Dehydration in babies

If your baby’s been suffering with a tummy bug, it’s worth keeping an eye out for symptoms of dehydration which include8:

  • A dry mouth, fewer tears and fewer wet nappies.
  • Dark yellow urine.
  • Drowsiness.
  • A sunken fontanelle (the soft spot on the top of your baby’s head).
  • Blotchy and cold feet and hands.

Prevention is better than the cure, so if your baby has been ill, make sure that you give them plenty of liquids in the form of their usual milk, be it breast milk or formula milk .

Some dehydration do’s and don’ts

It may take a little while for your baby to get back to drinking the amount of milk they’re used to after a tummy bug. To help them keep their milk down, give them small sips, around five mls, every five minutes – little and often is the key.

If you find that your baby is struggling to manage even small amounts of milk, it’s best to speak with your GP who’ll give your baby a thorough check and may prescribe oral rehydration salts, and paracetamol or ibuprofen if they’re in pain.

Whilst it might be tempting to top up your baby’s fluid intake to help them get over a tummy bug, never dilute breast or formula milk with water, or give your baby fruit juices or other non-milk drinks. 

Allergies and intolerances

In some cases, baby vomiting can signal an allergy or intolerance to cow’s milk, and if you suspect that this might be the case, it’s best to talk your baby’s symptoms through with your GP.  

Pyloric Stenosis

Whilst baby projectile vomit can happen as a one off, if it’s happening on a regular basis then it’s possible that they have a condition known as pyloric stenosis.

It’s caused by a narrowing of the opening between the stomach and the small bowel9 and means that milk is unable to get to the gut in order to be digested. Instead, undigested milk builds up and eventually causes your baby to projectile vomit. 

If your baby has pyloric stenosis, it’s likely to be picked up early and treated immediately with surgery. As a condition, it’s uncommon, but if you have any concerns, always discuss them with your GP. 

Spitting up in babies: What’s normal

Why does my baby spit up so much?

He’s probably just getting the hang of feeding. And he’s not alone: Almost half of young babies spit up regularly. The peak age for spitting up – also known as reflux – is 4 months.

When your baby swallows air along with his breast milk or formula, the air gets trapped in with the liquid. The air has to come up, and when it does, some of the liquid comes up too, through his mouth or nose.

Babies take in a lot of nourishment in relation to their size, and some of them really like to eat, so sometimes they become overfilled and, well, overflow.

A newborn’s digestive system isn’t fully developed, either. The muscles at the bottom of your baby’s esophagus, which control whether food is coming or going, may still be getting up to speed. It’s no wonder he creates so much laundry.

Is there anything I can do about it?

Try these tips to help your baby keep his food down:

  • Hold your baby in a fairly upright position when you feed him. Feeding him while he’s slouched (sitting in a car seat, for example) doesn’t give the formula or breast milk a straight path to his tummy.
  • Keep feedings calm. Minimize noise and other distractions, and try not to let your baby get too hungry before you start feeding him. If he’s distracted or frantic, he’s more likely to swallow air along with his breast milk or formula.
  • Check the bottle nipple. If your baby’s drinking formula or pumped breast milk from a bottle, make sure the hole in the nipple isn’t too small, which will frustrate him and make him swallow air. On the other hand, if the hole’s too large, he’ll be gagging and gulping because the fluid will come at him too quickly. Read our advice on choosing nipples and bottles.
  • Burp your baby often. If he takes a natural pause during a feeding, take the opportunity to burp him before giving him more food. That way, if there’s any air, it’ll come up before even more food is layered on top of it. If you don’t get a burp within a few minutes, don’t worry. He probably doesn’t need to burp just then. Burp him after each feeding, too.
  • Keep the pressure off his tummy. Make sure your baby’s clothing and diaper aren’t too tight, and don’t put his tummy over your shoulder when you burp him. Try to avoid car trips right after feedings, because reclining in a car seat can put pressure on your baby’s stomach, too.
  • Limit activity after feedings. Don’t jostle your baby too much after he eats, and try to keep him in an upright position for half an hour or so. This way he’ll have gravity on his side.
  • Don’t overfeed him. If your baby seems to spit up quite a bit after every feeding, he may be getting too much to eat. You might try giving him just a bit less formula or breastfeeding him for a slightly shorter time, and see whether he’s satisfied. (He may be willing to take less formula or breast milk at a feeding but want to eat more frequently.)
  • Check his formula. Ask the doctor if your baby might have an intolerance to milk protein or soy protein that’s causing him to spit up. She may suggest trying a hydrolyzed (hypoallergenic) formula for a week or two.

When will my baby stop spitting up?

As your baby’s muscles develop and get stronger, he’ll be able to keep food in his belly. Most babies stop spitting up by around 6 or 7 months of age, or once they learn to sit up on their own, but a few will continue until their first birthday.

How can I tell if he’s spitting up or vomiting?

Vomiting is usually more forceful and a greater quantity than if your baby is just spitting up some of his latest meal. If he seems distressed, he’s probably vomiting. Spitting up doesn’t faze most babies at all.

Is spitting up ever a sign of something serious?

Spitting up is usually just par for the parenting course, but if your baby isn’t gaining weight as he should be, schedule a visit with his doctor. Babies who spit up so much that they don’t gain enough weight or have difficulty breathing may have gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD.

Call your doctor immediately if your baby begins projectile vomiting. Projectile vomiting is when the vomit flies out of a baby’s mouth forcefully – shooting across the room, for example. This could be a sign of a condition called pyloric stenosis, in which the muscles at the bottom of the stomach thicken and prevent the flow of food to the small intestine. This typically happens at about 1 month of age.

Also phone your doctor right away if you see blood or green bile in your baby’s vomit. This could be a sign of a blockage in his intestines, which would require a visit to the emergency room, a scan, and possibly emergency surgery.

Is it normal for spit-up to come out of my baby’s nose?

Yes, just like your own nose, your baby’s nose is connected to the back of her throat. So spit-up will sometimes come out of her nose instead of her mouth. This is more likely to happen if her mouth is closed or her head is tilted in a certain way (allowing the spit-up to take the path of least resistance).

Spit-up can also come out of your baby’s nose if her swallowing process gets a little off-kilter when she hiccups, coughs, or sneezes. It even happens to older children – picture kids at the dinner table when they start laughing while trying to swallow milk. If milk comes out the nose, it’s the same situation – and perfectly normal.

Learn more

Will certain foods make my baby gassy if I’m breastfeeding?

Are there foods I should avoid when I’m breastfeeding?

5 things you didn’t know about formula feeding

My baby frequently vomits. What’s causing this?

There are lots of reasons why your baby may be vomiting. It’s difficult as a parent to work out what’s wrong, because he can’t tell you. Here are reasons why babies get sick, starting with the most common:


Most babies vomit small amounts from time to time, and bring up some milk when they burp. This is reflux, also called possetting or spitting up, and is normal if your baby is under a year old.

The medical name for reflux is gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). Babies get reflux because the muscular valve at the end of their food pipe, which keeps food in the stomach, is still developing. This means that when your baby’s tummy is full, milk and stomach acid can flow back up his food pipe.

Your baby may hiccup, cough or splutter as he brings up milk. He may also be wheezy after a milky burp. As long as your baby is otherwise well, and is putting on weight, reflux is nothing to worry about.

However, more severe and persistent reflux, called gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), can cause your baby to be sick more often after feeding. He may cry and cough a lot too. Only a few babies have GORD, and it usually affects premature babies more than full-term babies.

If your baby isn’t feeding well or is being sick a lot, see your doctor.

An illness or infection

Your baby may be vomiting because he has an infection. In your baby’s early years, his immune system is still developing, so he’s likely to pick up lots of infections. Each time he catches a bug, his immune system will fight it and get stronger.

Nearly all children catch a tummy bug (gastroenteritis) before they’re five years old, so your baby is likely to be affected at some point. If he has gastroenteritis, he’ll have diarrhoea as well as vomiting.

Take your baby to the doctor if he’s less than six months old. Otherwise, you can care for him at home. Encourage him to have plenty to drink, his usual milk, or sips of water, so he doesn’t get dehydrated. If you’re worried that he’s not having enough to drink, or he has a fever, see your doctor.

The serious infection meningitis can cause vomiting. Thankfully, meningitis is rare, but it needs immediate treatment to prevent it from becoming life-threatening. Call an ambulance if your baby has meningitis symptoms. Learn what meningitis symptoms look like.

Other, more common, infections can cause vomiting, including:

Take your baby to the doctor if you think he has a UTI. With an ear infection, you can wait 24 hours to see if he gets better before seeking medical advice.

Cow’s milk protein allergy

If your baby’s allergic to cow’s milk, it means his immune system is sensitive to the proteins in dairy produce. This is different from cow’s milk intolerance, which is a reaction to lactose, the natural sugar in milk. Lactose intolerance is rare in babies, however some temporarily become intolerant to lactose after a tummy bug.

Many formula milks contain cow’s milk protein. Proteins also make their way into your breastmilk in tiny amounts if you drink milk or eat dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurt. CPMA is more common in formula-fed babies than in breastfed babies.

If your baby has CPMA, he may bring up milk after feeding. It can be difficult to tell the difference between this and reflux. But if your baby has CMPA, he may also have:

If you’re worried that your baby has problems with cow’s milk, see your doctor before making any changes to your diet.

Pyloric stenosis

Pyloric stenosis is a rare condition that causes vomiting. It happens because the muscle controlling the valve leading from the stomach into the intestines has thickened. This means your baby’s milk feed will not pass through the valve at the bottom of his stomach into his intestines. Instead, milk stays in his stomach or he regurgitates it into his food pipe.

Pyloric stenosis is most likely to begin when your baby is about six weeks old. At first, he’ll start to bring up small amounts of milk after a feed. This will get worse and he will begin to projectile vomit. The milk he brings up may be curdled and yellow.

Boys are more likely to get pyloric stenosis than girls. Pyloric stenosis always needs correcting with minor surgery. See your doctor if you think your baby has pyloric stenosis, as it needs swift treatment to make sure your baby stays hydrated and well-fed.

Learn more in our article: Vomiting: what’s normal and what’s not.

Breastfeeding Question: Why Do Babies Vomit?

Why do babies vomit? It may not be a pleasant question, but, it is one that almost all parents have asked at one point or another.

Check out this video with Katie, our educator and lactation consultant, about why babies vomit and what’s normal and what’s not…

Why Do Babies Vomit?

This is a really common question from many parents. After all, it can be scary to see your baby vomit! Also, it can look like a lot of vomit for such a small baby too! So how do you know what is normal?

Firstly, nearly all babies will “posit.” This is where they spit up a bit of excess milk. This normally happens when you pick them up from breastfeeding and the movement causes any excess milk to spill over and come out! Oops!

The sphincter or band at the top of the stomach is really loose in babies and it doesn’t take much for them to posit after feeds. This is normally only a little bit of milk, likely just a few millilitres and will cause baby no problems.

Some baby’s vomit what seems like loads of milk after feeds. These are usually the situations which get parents worried!

Try not to worry! Most vomiting though is still in the realms of normal, despite what it may look like!

Understanding the Warning Signs When it Comes to Vomiting

There are some rare vomiting patterns which if you think your baby is doing should be investigated by your baby’s GP or paediatrician:

  • Projectile vomiting – is baby vomiting where it flies out of their mouth and lands a fair distance away from them?
  • Is baby losing weight or not gaining weight efficiently?
  • Is the vomit any colour other than milk colours; i.e. green, red, orange?

If your baby is vomiting occasionally but is otherwise content, happy, growing well and gaining weight according to the child health growth charts and is breastfeeding as per usual then the vomit you’re seeing is likely nothing to be concerned about.

If your baby’s vomiting pattern changes or you notice any of the signs highlighted above then speak with your health care provider for more information.

Have you ever worried about your baby vomiting? What other questions do you have for Katie, our educator and lactation consultant? Please join the conversation below or on our Medela Australia Facebook page.

What Causes A Baby to Spit Up Curdled Milk- Reasons & Solutions

By Amy A. Vincent | Fact checked by Jenny Lord | Updated on October 28, 2021

Most women find themselves unable to cope with the challenges of being a new mom due to the variety of raw challenges they face every day. Many issues can stress them. The most well-known explanation could be your baby spitting up curdled milk. Well, it is very usual for babies to spit up, but if you want to understand why it occurs, what you can do to reduce it, then read this blog carefully. 

What Does Curdled Spit-up Resemble? 

Image Source – Canva Pro

Baby spitting up curdled milk looks similar to the breastmilk or formula your baby feeds. However, the curdling may vary depending on how long the spit up milk stays inside your baby’s stomach. It means that spit up milk may appear just like milk if it comes out as soon as the baby is done eating. However, if it stays inside the tummy for a prolonged period, it may appear more curdled as it gets mixed with the stomach acid. 

The curdled spit of an infant who is only on breast milk or formula is likely to be white. Be that as it may, red let out could mean there is blood present, and green or yellow let out could demonstrate bile or bodily fluid. In case of any such abnormality, you should notify the doctor!

What Makes It Different From Normal Spitting?

You don’t have to panic quickly if your breastfed child is throwing up soured milk! Most infants will throw up soured milk to some extent once before they turn three months old. On the other hand, if your baby spits up all of the content from his stomach regularly and is cranky, not gaining weight, and showing other symptoms, it could be a reason for concern that is usually not considered ordinary. If you notice any of these symptoms in your infant, talk to your primary care doctor about the fundamental causes.

We have a guide on can my baby choke on his spit up while sleeping. You may read it for further information.

What Causes Curdled Milk to Spit Up?

Here are the top reasons why infants or newborns might spit up curdled milk:

Acid Reflux:

This condition is created by stomach acid traveling up a child’s throat. It is common and can lead to curdled milk being thrown up. By feeding your baby upright, you can prevent reflux. Additionally, avoid certain foods while nursing to keep track of how much to feed in one go.

Immature Digestive Systems:

When babies are born, their digestion is still immature, which results in curdled milk in their mouths. However, as they grow up, their digestion improves. However, a baby spitting up curdled milk can stop. However, Babies often spit up due to issues with digestion, such as lactose intolerance, allergic reactions to cow’s milk, or milk protein allergies. 

You can determine whether your baby is experiencing such issues by observing symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea.

Pyloric Stenosis:

Young babies can suffer from this rare condition whereby their stomachs are narrow, making it difficult for their food to travel to their intestines. It is one of the reasons why they may lose weight unexpectedly, spit up curdled food, etc. Surgery is usually required to treat this condition.

Curdled Spitting-up Vs Curdled Vomiting: What’s the Difference?

Image Source – Canva Pro

The distinction between curdled spitting up and curdled baby vomiting milk is easy. The spitting up is more gradual and generally comes after a burp. You can see it coming out of the side of your child’s mouth. Vomiting occurs when your infant throws up content forcefully, several feet away from him.

We have an in-depth guide on the differences between baby spit up and vomit. You may read it for further information. 

The most effective method to Stop Baby From Spitting Curdled Milk: 

Image Source – Canva Pro

The following tips can help prevent or stop your baby from spitting up curdled milk even though it is a common phenomenon in babies:

• Feed your baby upright to prevent your baby from throwing up. Feeding your baby in a curled or slouched position can lead to vomiting.

• You should express some milk in order to manage the milk flow if you notice your breasts are too full. If you are bottle-feeding the baby, check the nipple hole to ensure that the baby gets enough milk.

• Rather than trying to feed your baby all at once, focus on feeding your baby frequently. Don’t force your baby to eat if he refuses to eat.

• Assure that your baby’s stomach doesn’t have extra pressure from tight clothing, tight diapers, lying on the belly too long, etc. Otherwise, it may occur spitting up.

• In addition to burping between feeding sessions, you should burp your baby after each feed so that ventilation occurs well.

• Keep the feeding sessions as calm and quiet as possible for your infant since when babies are distracted, they may ingest more air, resulting in them spitting up more.

What is the right time to take a doctor’s advice?

Spitting up usually stops gradually between six and twelve months of age as your baby’s digestive system matures. However, if any of the following symptoms you notice, you should immediately call your pediatrician:

• If you notice the baby is not eating properly. 

• Your baby is experiencing breathing difficulties.

• The baby is not gaining weight.

• If your baby’s poop contains traces of blood.

• Green or yellow fluid is present in your baby’s spit.

• Spit-ups are more like vomiting than regular spitting up

• There are fewer wet diapers in a day than expected.

• If blood is present in your baby’s curdled spit-up.

• If your baby is crying or in an irritable mood more frequently than usual.

• If your kid is throwing up curdled milk or breastmilk after six months or older.

Wrapping up:

Your baby may be spitting up curdled milk as a result of several causes. However, it is a typical occurrence in infants. If you’re concerned about anything like this, you should visit your doctor right away. If any of these symptoms you notice in your newborn baby, see your doctor immediately because he would be the right person to explain them and offer you the best solution.

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90,000 Why does the baby spit up curdled milk? Is it okay?

Regurgitation is a natural mechanism that helps the baby cope with excess food.

By 6-7 months, the problem completely disappears by itself, and until then, parents have to worry about the frequency of this phenomenon, the volume, color and consistency of the liquid.

Caring for and following simple rules will reduce the number of regurgitations, their volume and give mom and dad the desired peace of mind.

Causes of the phenomenon

  1. Overeating. If there is a lot of food, the body returns it back. It is especially important for infants – children on artificial feeding usually have a strict regimen and always the exact amount of the mixture. It happens that the nutritional value of mother’s milk is not enough, the child tries to eat more, and the stomach cannot cope with such volumes.
  2. Excessive air trapped due to improper attachment to the breast or too large (or too small) hole in the nipple of the bottle.Air is also swallowed when the baby twirls or cries.
  3. Immaturity of the sphincter, a muscle located between the esophagus and stomach that prevents food from returning to the esophagus. Risk group: premature babies or babies with low birth weight.
  4. Dysbacteriosis when the mother does not follow the diet.
  5. Poor mixture composition. The crumb can react this way to certain allergenic components.

Regurgitation or vomiting – what’s the difference?

Vomiting is a sign of intestinal infection and should not be ignored.It differs from regurgitation in that it can occur at any time, regardless of the time of feeding, the amount of milk or formula eaten, etc.

If, when regurgitating, the milk returns in its original form, or slightly curdled, then when vomiting, masses of a yellow tint and with a pungent odor appear. Everything happens against the background of a deteriorated well-being of the baby.

Spitting up milk with a sour odor

A sour smell occurs when the milk or mixture has already been partially etched and the milk curdled.At the same time, the “porridge” resembles a curd mass. In general, regurgitation almost always smells sour – this is a sign that milk has reached the stomach of before returning back.

Regurgitation an hour after eating

Physiological regurgitation can occur both immediately after eating and after 20-40 minutes (up to an hour). “Being late” by 1-1.5 or even 2 hours is considered normal in a child up to 4 months old – he regurgitated when he woke up, or when the air came up. It is worth following general preventive measures, and everything will stabilize.

Why does a child vomit like a fountain?

With irritation of the intestines, immaturity of the stomach and excessive excitement of the nervous system, regurgitation becomes abundant, sharp and goes under pressure. The reason may also be intestinal obstruction or too much excess milk, which the child’s body cannot cope with. In any case, consultation with a pediatrician is mandatory – “ fountains” are not considered the norm.

When to see a pediatrician or gastroenterologist?

  • The mass has a strange odor, is brown or dark in color (a sign of intestinal irritation).
  • The baby spits up after almost every feeding and a lot – from a few spoons to the full amount of food taken. There is vomiting with a fountain.
  • When spitting up, the baby begins to suffer from colic, he cries and bends over in an arc.
  • Crumb sharply loses ve from , becomes restless or lethargic. It is imperative to call an ambulance if the skin color changes during regurgitation – it acquires a bluish tint.
  • Regurgitation occurs in a child over 6 months of age.
  • The phenomenon is accompanied by fever, dehydration is observed, or immediately after milk rejection, the baby begins to feel hungry.

In case of low or negative weight dynamics after observing preventive measures, the doctor may prescribe “Motilium” to normalize the digestive tract , or “Riabal”, which helps with cramps in response to feeding. Another option is to use special mixtures or formulations with dietary fiber and a thicker consistency.

Doctor Komarovsky about the feeding regime of the newborn

What should parents do?

In order to avoid blockage of the airways, you must immediately lift the baby upright, or put his stomach, so that he can quickly get rid of the rejected mass. It is important not to leave the baby in a prone position without adult supervision.

Then everything needs to be wiped off, and so that the sour taste does not torment the baby, it is better to rinse his mouth with a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water.

Prevention of the phenomenon

Before feeding, let the baby lie on his tummy for a couple of minutes . This is both a charge, and help with colic, and an opportunity for excess air to escape. It is also worth monitoring the position of the head and the grip of the nipple.

If it is difficult to support the baby while feeding, try using a special pillow – these are sold in all stores, but they are easy to sew with your own hands. When the baby is full, take it in a “column” and wear it for 15-20 minutes.Air trapped while feeding will come out as a belch.

It is advisable to avoid excessive activity (gymnastics, bathing, massage) for another 1-1.5 hours after eating.

There is no need to treat the child or rush to the doctor, if the dynamics of weight is positive, the baby feels good, develops and plays. Do not worry if regurgitation occurs 1-2 times a day, it does not look like vomiting, and the volume of the returned “gruel” is about a teaspoon. The fact that everything is in order is also signaled by a soft tummy and normal stool without constipation and diarrhea.

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90,000 Tips for summer vacationers – Administration of the Nadezhdinsky District

Swimming in the sea

Having come to the beach and undressed, do not rush immediately, no matter how much you want, into the arms of the waves. Particularly perspiring and hot, and after considerable physical and mental exertion. Take an air bath under an awning, then a sun bath and, having rested in the shade for 5-10 minutes, bathe to your health.

For the first days, it is recommended to swim once a day. Only healthy people can subsequently swim 2-3 times a day. In this case, the interval between bathing should be at least 3-4 hours. It is best to swim in the morning or evening. In hot weather, bathing is also useful during the day. Healthy people can start swimming in the sea at a water temperature of at least 16 °., And weakened people – at least 19-20 °. Swimming more than twice a day is not recommended.

For diseases of the heart and blood vessels, epilepsy, kidney disease, radiculitis and some others, sea bathing is contraindicated.

During bathing, a person is actively influenced by both sea water and ionized air and the sun. The sea water temperature is much lower than the human body temperature, so bathing causes cooling of the body.

Do not swim until chills (“goose bumps” appear), otherwise excessive cooling of the body will occur, which, in turn, can lead to complications and colds even in warm weather, as well as exacerbate diseases of the joints, kidneys, bronchi.

When chills appear, you should immediately get out of the water, do some physical exercises and rub yourself with a towel.

Do not swim on an empty stomach or immediately after eating; after eating, be patient for at least an hour.

Refrain from swimming in a sea storm of three or more points.

The maximum therapeutic and health-improving effect is brought by sea bathing in combination with swimming.

The increased concentration of various salts and microelements has a very beneficial effect on the human body.Sea bathing is especially useful for general fatigue, neurasthenia, hysteria, rickets, anemia, obesity, and a predisposition to colds.

It is possible to bathe children in the sea from the age of two, having previously prepared them for this. It is recommended to wipe the body with fresh and then sea water at room temperature for several days. For the first time, it is enough to dip the child for 30-40 seconds. At the same time, the sea water temperature should not be lower than 21-20 °. Gradually, the duration of bathing for babies can be brought up to 3-5 minutes, and for school-age children – up to 10-12 minutes.

What to do if the cross jellyfish “bit”?

Symptoms: after the “bite” of the cross jellyfish, there is severe pain, burning, redness of the skin, blisters at the site of the “bite”, pain sensitivity decreases. Subsequently (after 10-20 minutes), general weakness, sharp pain in the lower back, joints, difficulty breathing, dry cough, severe thirst, numbness of the arms and legs, intestinal disorders, nausea, vomiting, itching of the whole body develop.In some people (especially those who are prone to allergies), the condition becomes semi-faint, blood pressure drops sharply.

Usually feeling unwell lasts 4-6 days, but pain and discomfort may recur for about a month.

What to do:

1. Flush affected area with copious amounts of water.

2. Attach an ice pack (if you find it) to the affected area.

3.Lie in the shade.

4. Drink plenty of fluids.

5. Take an antihistamine (tavegil, suprastin, diphenhydramine).

6. Contact the nearest medical institution.

7. Observe bed rest for three days.

Sunbathing (heliotherapy)

Even in Homer’s time, white skin color was considered a sign of ill health, and the father of medicine, Hippocrates, rightly called the sun “medicine for everyone.”Everyone knows that “sun starvation” is one of the causes of rickets in children. So, the sun is a friend of health, only you cannot abuse it. Under the influence of its life-giving rays, the pigment melanin is produced in the skin – a tan.


Basic tanning rules:

– It is recommended to increase the exposure time gradually.Starting at a minimum and increasing daily by about 5-10 minutes;

– you must not be in direct sunlight from 12-00 to 15-00 – this is the time of the most active radiation. The spring sun is not particularly sparing: it does not seem hot to us, and yet its spectrum contains much more ultraviolet rays than in summer;

– use sunscreen for the first 2-3 days, then, when the dangerous period has passed, you can also use sunscreen.You should never use a nourishing cream for tanning, let alone a cream containing hormones. After the beach, the cream and oil should be washed off;

– going to the beach, you should not make up your face and paint your eyelashes with mascara: under the rays of the merciless sun, your “beauty” can most likely flow;

– after the sea, the hair should be thoroughly rinsed – salt water has a bad effect on them;

– Don’t dress like the shorter the better.Fabrics should be light and natural, not synthetic;

– it is better to wear a wide-brimmed hat on your head;

– after sunbathing, do not rush under a cold shower, first you need to cool down a little in the shade;

– do not abuse alcohol or very cold drinks on the beach; you can quench your thirst with water with lemon juice, other acidified agents; mineral waters rich in microelements are very useful;

– in case of heat (sun) stroke, the victim must be transferred to the shade as soon as possible and brought to life, given a drink.

What to do if you get a sunburn?

1. In the first hours after getting a burn, it is necessary to make wet wraps or take a cool bath (shower).

2. Be sure to drink as much cool liquid as possible (green tea, water with lemon juice, juice with water).

3. Lubricate the skin with dairy products (kefir, yogurt, low-fat sour cream). Cold dairy products will soothe your skin and help relieve itching. Lubricate the damaged areas of the skin with them for an hour, without allowing them to dry completely. Then wash off with cool water.

4. Lubricate the skin with a cream or lotion containing panthenol, calendula, aloe. To prevent the skin from being exposed to unpleasant mechanical stress, it is better to use products in the form of a spray.

5. Conventional pain relievers (paracetamol, ibuprofen) can be used to relieve pain. Antihistamines (tavegil, suprastin) will help reduce the appearance of damage to the skin.

Do not do in case of sunburn:
1. Do not treat the skin with vegetable or butter.

2. Do not pierce blisters or peel off peeled skin (infection may develop).

3. Do not wash burnt places with soap.

4. Do not use lotions or cosmetics containing alcohol.

Air baths (Aerotherapy)

For people prone to colds, there is no better medicine than air baths.

Basic rules

– Air baths are taken after a light breakfast or 1-2 hours after lunch.

– In summer, aerotherapy is most effective between 8-11 and 17-19 hours. For the first procedures, 10-15 minutes is enough, then their duration can be gradually increased to 1-2 hours. Air baths are taken once a day in places protected from direct sunlight: under awnings and awnings, on open terraces and verandas, in pavilions, in the shade of trees.

– At air temperatures below 15 °, relative humidity over 80% and wind speeds over 3 m / s, it is not recommended to take air baths. The body should not be cooled to a secondary chill.

What to do if you get heatstroke?

Signs of heatstroke:

lethargy, feeling unwell, intense thirst, no sweat, sticky saliva, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, weak pulse, skin redness, rise in body temperature, tinnitus, flashing flies before the eyes.

What to do:

1. Place the baby in a cool place.

2. Lay the child down, unbutton his clothes, slightly raise his legs, put a towel or napkin dipped in cold water on his forehead.

3. Give the child plenty of salted water to drink.

4. Call a doctor or EMS.

During the hot season, you need to adhere to the following simple rules to avoid heatstroke in a child:

1.You need to walk in the park or in the shade of trees until 11 o’clock in the afternoon or after 15 o’clock, giving preference to calm games.

2. A hat (cap, kerchief) should be put on the child’s head.

3. Clothes on the child should be made of light fabric of light colors.

4. On hot days, the child should be given twice as much liquid as he usually takes.

5. In the heat, give preference to vegetable dishes, fermented milk products.

Diver’s risk

The most common cause of spine and spinal cord injury occurs when diving in open water where depth is unknown. We are talking about the so-called diver’s injury – a fracture of the cervical spine with damage to the spinal cord.The muscles of the neck are capable of withstanding enormous loads. However, when diving, they are not in sufficient tension. And if a person jumped headfirst into the water, and the place turned out to be shallow, injury is almost inevitable. A sharp blow to the bottom of the parietal region of the head leads to an unexpected excessive bending of the neck. There is a rupture of the muscles and vertebral ligaments, and then the dislocated vertebra squeezes and destroys the brain with the back. That is why arms and legs, neck, chest, muscles of the bladder and rectum are instantly out of control.With such an injury, even a timely operation does not always help.

It follows that when resting on the water, simple rules must be followed:

– do not dive in an unfamiliar place;

– do not dive where it is shallow;

– do not jump into the water from a height upside down, mindlessly imitating those who have experience;

– and the last rule, which already applies to adults: do not dive if you drank a little alcohol.

How to save a drowning person?

In case of drowning, act quickly. Any delay threatens to turn into a terrible tragedy! Therefore, only timely provision of first aid for drowning can save human life! Unfortunately, cases of drowning are not uncommon.Especially now, when summer is in full swing. Therefore, vacationers should pay maximum attention to their safety on the water.

It is best to swim and sunbathe on the “official” beaches, where there are all the necessary means to rescue drowning people. On such beaches, there should be a rescue point, whose specialists are always ready to help at the right time. Lifebuoys, binoculars, and boats must be available at the rescue station. Observation towers for lifeguards should be on the beach.

Under no circumstances should you enter the water in a state of alcoholic or drug intoxication! You should not swim far from the shore, swim behind the buoys, dive too deep – you can not calculate your strength. You can not swim and even more dive in unfamiliar places of water – this is fraught with injuries.

Having noticed a drowning person, it is necessary to urgently inform the rescuers about it. But if the lifeguards are far away or they are not at all on the beach, then you need to save the drowning person yourself.

If a person is conscious, the end of the rope, lifebuoys and improvised means are thrown to him. If a drowning person has lost consciousness or is unable to use watercraft, he must be pulled out of the water. The rescuer must quickly run to the nearest drowning place along the coast. You need to swim up to the drowning person from behind, otherwise a drowning person in convulsive attempts to swim out can accidentally grab the rescuer and it is very difficult to get rid of such a capture. If the drowning person has sunk to the bottom, then you need to dive and swim to the drowning person along the bottom, taking into account the direction and speed of the current.If you find a drowning person, you need to take him by the hand, under the armpits or by the hair. After pushing off strongly from the bottom, ascend, working with your legs and free hand. On the surface, the drowning person should be supported so that his head remains above the surface of the water. Helping yourself with your free hand, you should try to get the victim to the shore as quickly as possible. In the first minute after drowning in water, more than 90% of victims can be saved, after 6-7 minutes – only about 1-3%. Therefore, it is necessary to pull yourself together, drop panic and begin to act.The required amount of first aid for drowning is assessed based on the condition of the victim.

When the victim is brought ashore, it is necessary to check the state of his vital signs. If breathing and pulse are satisfactory, then the victim should be laid on a dry, hard surface. The victim’s head should be lowered. The victim should be removed from embarrassing clothing, rubbed with hands or a towel. Give the victim a hot drink, wrap him in a warm blanket.Call an ambulance and be sure to send the victim to hospitalization.

If a drowned person is unconscious, but his pulse and respiration are preserved, it is necessary to clear his oral cavity of sand, silt, vomit. Further actions are similar to the above.

How to provide first aid for drowning? Resuscitation measures are carried out according to the ABC program.

– First of all, it is necessary to free the oral cavity from water and mud.To do this, deep into the oral cavity, you need to insert a finger wrapped in a clean cloth. If the mouth of the drowned person is tightly clenched, you need to unclench the teeth with a hard object.

– Then the victim is turned over with his stomach down and placed on the knee of the rescuer so that his head hangs down. This is done in order to remove water. In this case, the rescuer must press on the back and ribs of the victim.

– The next step is to perform artificial respiration.The rescuer pinches the nose of the drowned person and, taking a breath, blows air into his mouth. In this case, the victim’s chest is filled with air, after which there is an exhalation.

– Artificial respiration should be performed at a rate of 16-18 times per minute, or about once every four seconds.

– If there are no heartbeats, artificial respiration must be combined with chest compressions. In this case, the victim must lie on a hard surface.The rescuer is located on the left side of him. He puts his hands one on top of the other on the area of ​​the victim’s heart and produces vigorous pressure at a speed of 50-60 times per minute.

– If indirect heart massage is combined with artificial respiration, then for 4-5 pressures on the heart there is one blowing of air into the lungs.

– If the victim regained consciousness and began to breathe, it means that your efforts were not in vain. However, it should be remembered that there is a risk of repeated cardiac arrest.Therefore, it is necessary to call an ambulance, and before its arrival, you need to closely monitor the condition of the victim.

– It is also very important to keep the patient warm. If possible, wrap him in blankets and have him drink hot sweet tea. The patient is shown means that stimulate the respiratory system: camphor or caffeine subcutaneously, ammonia on cotton wool.

Knowing exactly how you can provide first aid for drowning will save a person’s life.

Remember! The rescue of drowning people is, first of all, the work of the drowning people themselves! Be careful on the water!

And some more useful tips on how to behave in an emergency, for example, if:
– the baby was bitten by a wasp – try to pull out the sting as soon as possible (with tweezers or hands), wipe the bite site with vodka or alcohol and cool this place ice or cold water, then rub with lemon. If swelling or very severe redness is pronounced – possibly an allergic reaction, see your doctor.

– the child was bitten by a wild animal – it is advisable to wash the wound with soapy water and consult a doctor to resolve the issue of rabies vaccination.

– for abrasions, cuts, scratches – the wound must be rinsed abundantly with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, then treated with brilliant green. If your child has not yet had a tetanus shot (DTP) or more than 3 years have passed since the last shot, and the wound is very contaminated with earth, sand, or very large, consult a doctor to decide on a tetanus shot.

How to protect the body from the dangerous effects of summer heat – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

Summer is definitely a great time. But tender warmth can be replaced by merciless heat, and then it is important to be on the alert in order to protect yourself from summer dangers.

Water – 3 liters!

1 Dehydration. This is one of the most common negative effects of heat. A person is 60 – 80%, depending on age, consists of water.And on hot days, we start to sweat more, and the water balance is disturbed. In the heat, you need to increase your fluid intake to 3 liters per day. Preference is for non-carbonated alkaline mineral waters containing a small amount of salts, because in hot weather a person loses not only liquid, but also mineral salts with sweat. Use medicinal mineral water (more than 10 g of salts per liter) only on the recommendation of a doctor.

In summer, water, inside and out, is the best remedy for the insidious effects of heat on the body.Photo: REUTERS

The ideal drink to quench your thirst is lemon infusion: squeeze a quarter of lemon into a glass of water.

Low-brewed unsweetened tea is appropriate on a hot day, it is possible with lemon. Black or green – whatever. And the best is herbal tea. Hot tea will quench your thirst faster than cold tea, which is absorbed after 20 minutes, and all this time a person is thirsty. Fermented milk drinks – yogurt, kefir, kumis, yogurt and others will help to cope with thirst.

Juices, fruit drinks and nectars should be natural, freshly squeezed, preferably half diluted with water.

Sweet soda not only does not quench your thirst, but, on the contrary, induces it. All alcoholic and caffeinated drinks (except for weak tea) overload the heart and blood vessels, and can cause dehydration. In the heat, it is better to completely abandon even coffee, or drink it only in the morning.

Drink more in the morning – this will help create a kind of storage of fluid in the body. Then, during the day, it is better to drink water in small sips evenly.

But don’t overdo it with water.Too much fluid puts more stress on the kidneys and heart. And even during pregnancy, hypertension, heart failure, kidney dysfunction, be especially careful. If you’re thirsty, try rinsing your mouth with salted water.

The sun hits the head

2 Sunstroke. If a person stays in direct sunlight for a long time and leaves his head uncovered, then the sun can “hit” this very head, causing a sharp violation of cerebral circulation.Therefore, on hot days, try not to be in the sun from 11 to 17 hours.

In mild cases, there is dizziness, weakness, headache, flickering in the eyes. In more severe cases, convulsions, vomiting may appear, the skin of the face first turns red, then it may turn pale, the pulse and breathing become more frequent, the temperature rises to 38-39. If you do not take action, loss of consciousness occurs, vomiting increases, the temperature rises to 42 or more, breathing becomes rare and intermittent, the pulse can turn into a weakened, threadlike.Cardiac activity worsens. This condition threatens death.

First aid: urgently take the victim to a cool, shaded place, lay him on his back, raise his head, unbutton his shirt, take off his tie, put ice on his head, give water, make cold lotions, rubdowns. In case of respiratory distress, slightly moisten a cotton swab with ammonia and gently bring it to the victim’s nose several times. Call a doctor at the same time.

Dangerous heat

3 Thermal shock. It is even easier to get it than solar. General overheating of the body leads to heatstroke, more often not even in the open air, but in a stuffy room. Such a blow is provoked by overeating, drinking alcohol, too warm clothes (especially made of artificial fabric), physical activity, overwork, dehydration.

Heatstroke occurs easily in children and the elderly. Newborns and children of the first year of life are especially at risk.

Does not caress, but burns

4 Sunburn. It is necessary to sunbathe gradually, in the morning or after 4 pm.

Sunburns practically do not differ from ordinary ones, respectively, and their treatment is similar to the treatment of thermal burns. In case of an easy stage, use various pharmaceutical remedies for sunburn, essential oils (chamomile, rose), creams with vitamin E.

Hail sweat

5 Increased sweating. If it haunts not only in the heat, there is reason to be checked by a doctor to rule out serious diseases, which are characterized by hyperhidrosis.It accompanies diseases of the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, disorders of the nervous system (neurasthenia, vascular dystonia) and metabolism, tuberculosis, some oncological and infectious diseases and diabetes.

But more often than not, excessive sweating is simply a feature of the body. But it contributes to the development of skin diseases, especially fungal infections of the feet and dermatitis.

There are quite effective ways to cope with this ailment. Try to start by following the seemingly ordinary rules of hygiene and the use of folk remedies.Most people are pretty skeptical about them. But in vain.

Contrast shower at least twice a day, especially after physical exertion, stressful situations; a diet that excludes spicy, spicy and highly salty foods, coffee and alcohol; loose clothing made from natural fabrics – all this will reduce hyperhidrosis. You can’t do without deodorants, antiperspirants, special ointments and powders that kill the odor released by bacteria and reduce the activity of sweat glands. Dermatologists advise lubricating heavily sweating areas of the body with Teymurov’s paste – it is harmless and, as a rule, does not cause allergies or irritation.

Regurgitation syndrome in children. The author of the article: doctor-neurologist Kolesnichenko Tatiana Viktorovna.

03 December 2019

Family Health Magazine

One of the most frequent complaints of parents of children of the first year of life, and especially the first months, is regurgitation.Regurgitation occurs when the gastric contents are passively thrown into the oral cavity.
cavity without tension of the abdominal press.
At the same time, the child’s well-being does not suffer.
Regurgitation can occur in healthy newborns and children in the first months of life,
since there are anatomical and physiological
features at this age: short esophagus, poor development of muscle fibers
valve in the area of ​​transition of the esophagus into the stomach, the horizontal position of the stomach.
Therefore, in case of violation of the feeding technique, overfeeding, when finding a child
in a horizontal position after feeding, regurgitation occurs in healthy
children.In the presence of pathology from the side
gastrointestinal tract, central
nervous system, in premature babies
regurgitation are more common.
To prevent or reduce
the amount of regurgitation, in any case, overfeeding should be avoided and
feeding technique. Overfeeding can be
caused by frequent latching on to the breast,
especially with a large volume of milk from the mother. When overfeeding, the child adds
en masse, feels satisfactory,
regurgitation of a small amount almost immediately after feeding.In the first month of life
feeding is done on demand. V
in this case, it is necessary to try to achieve complete emptying of the mammary gland on one side and try not to put the child on the other. It should be remembered
that the so-called “front” milk is more
liquid and satisfies thirst, and the “back”
rich in nutrients and satisfies food needs. “Front”
the baby sucks milk easily, therefore,
when the “back” milk begins, requiring a lot of effort, he is worried and, in some cases, it is applied to the second mammary gland.On attachment
to two mammary glands, the child receives
more fluid, which contributes to the occurrence of regurgitation, and also does not feel
satiety, which is also expressed by anxiety. Do not forget about the upright position of the baby after feeding in
within 10 minutes and try not to spend
during this time of active manipulation, for example, changing a diaper. In some cases
prolonged overfeeding leads to persistent
regurgitation and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, which can be expressed
in the form of colic, impaired bowel movement (constipation or frequent stools).If not properly applied to the breast, the baby swallows a large amount of air at the time of feeding. Children after
feedings are worried, after about 10 minutes, regurgitation with loud
the sound of exhaust air. Also, air is swallowed with a small amount of milk, with an incorrect position of the bottle or a large hole in
nipple with artificial feeding.
The correct position of the baby during breastfeeding is determined by: the face
the child is placed near the chest, the chin is pressed against the mother’s chest, the child is
with the body turned to the mother and pressed against her,
the child’s lower lip is turned outward, above
the areola is visible with the upper lip, the mother has no pain in the area
nipples.If the child is on an artificial
feeding, it is also necessary not to forget about the correct feeding technique.
The bottle should be in a horizontal position, the hole in the nipple should be appropriate for age (the number is indicated on
packaging and the nipple itself), the nipple must be
completely filled. If the child continues to regurgitate, then in the absence of organic pathology from the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous
systems, antireflux
mixtures with various thickeners that
are selected individually.When finding out the reasons for regurgitation, the information received from the parents is of great importance, since they constantly
are with the child and can even mark
minimal changes in well-being
child, as well as information about the course
pregnancy, childbirth, early attachment to the breast. It is necessary to remember about adhering to the diet of a nursing mother. Excessive amount of fiber (vegetables, fruits),
the use of spicy, smoked food, carbonated drinks, sweets leads to
disruption of the gastrointestinal
tract of the child and one of the symptoms of this
there will be regurgitation.If regurgitation persists when all the conditions for correct feeding are met,
then consultation of narrow specialists is required (neurologist, surgeon, gastroenterologist) and,
if necessary, joint treatment.