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Yeast on arm: Candida infection of the skin: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia


Pityriasis Versicolor (for Teens) – Nemours Kidshealth

What Is Pityriasis Versicolor?

Pityriasis versicolor is a fungal skin infection caused by a type of yeast. It’s a common cause of skin rash in teens and young adults. It causes lots of round and oval-shaped patches on the skin, especially on the chest, back, and upper arms.

It’s also called tinea versicolor.

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Pityriasis Versicolor?

Pityriasis versicolor (pronounced: pit-uh-RYE-uh-sis vur-si-KUL-ur) skin patches usually are on the torso and upper arms. But they can also appear on the face and neck, especially in young kids. The patches can be white, brown, red, or pink.

The patches are dry, flaky, or scaly, and can be flat or slightly raised. They may be a little itchy but often aren’t felt at all. They can start off small and round, then join together to make much larger patches.

The yeast prevents the skin from tanning, so the patches can look lighter than the surrounding skin, especially in the summer. A person might be bothered by their appearance or not even notice them.

What Causes Pityriasis Versicolor?

Pityriasis versicolor is caused by a type of yeast that normally lives on the skin. When the environment it lives in gets warm and moist, it can grow out of control and cause symptoms.

Is Pityriasis Versicolor Contagious?

Pityriasis versicolor is not contagious.

How Do People Get Pityriasis Versicolor?

Hot, humid weather and lots of sweating can create a warm, moist environment for the yeast to overgrow. This is why the infection is more common in tropical countries. The yeast also likes an oily environment, so oily skin can play a part (and of course, teens and young adults can have oily skin).

Sometimes pityriasis versicolor runs in families. It’s also more likely to affect people who have a weakened immune system or who are malnourished.

How Is Pityriasis Versicolor Diagnosed?

If you have pityriasis versicolor, your doctor might diagnose it just by looking at the patches. He or she also might ask about the symptoms and your lifestyle. Sometimes a doctor will scrape off a small sample of the flaky infected skin to look at under a microscope or to test in a lab. Don’t worry — this doesn’t hurt.

How Is Pityriasis Versicolor Treated?

Over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal creams, lotions, or shampoos (used as a body wash) may solve a mild infection. More serious infections may need prescription medicine, either applied to the skin or takens as a pill or syrup.

Treatment usually takes 1 to 4 weeks. Sometimes the infection comes back. If that happens, treatment is repeated.

How Long Does Pityriasis Versicolor Last?

Pityriasis versicolor usually clears up quickly with treatment. But the skin patches may stay discolored for weeks or months. To make them less noticeable, be sure to use sunscreen to prevent your skin from tanning or burning.

Can Pityriasis Versicolor Be Prevented?

Someone who keeps getting pityriasis versicolor might need to repeated, regular treatment (weekly or monthly) to prevent further infections.

What Armpit Health Can Tell You About Overall Well-Being

Armpits aren’t exactly sexy. There certainly aren’t articles in fashion magazines giving you tips on how to accentuate them. The only attention they typically get is how to keep them from smelling so much or how to shave them to prevent firey razor burn. But as it happens, that could be a mistake because armpit health can actually tell you a lot about your overall wellbeing.

Details like their appearance, smell, and even how much you sweat, all matter in the overall story of your health. Of course, none of it is helpful unless you know what different armpit indicators actually mean, according to medical professionals, who are in the know. Keep reading for the low-down, so you know what armpit health clues are worth paying attention to—and which ones you can just ignore.

6 clues your armpits are giving you about your overall health

1. A red, itchy rash could be a sign of eczema

Simply what your armpits look like can be meaningful intel—especially if you experience any rashes. Howard Sobel, MD, a dermatologist and the founder of Sobel Skin, says armpit rashes can happen for a few different reasons (other than razor burn). One is that the rash in question could be eczema. “Eczema is commonly found in folds of the body, like armpits,” he says. “This skin condition usually begins in childhood, but could definitely be a cause of a rash, especially during a flare-up.” Eczema typically is red and itchy and can crust over. If you notice this happening in the armpit area, it can tip you off to look other places, like behind your knees or elbows. If you experience this, it’s definitely worth seeing a derm to get an expert’s take on treatment.

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2. Rashes can also indicate an allergy

Dr. Sobel says another reason why rashes could occur is due to irritation from an ingredient in your deodorant, fragrance, body wash, or anything else coming directly into contact with your armpits. He says these types of rashes look similar to eczema (red and itchy), but they typically do not crust over and also don’t occur elsewhere on your body. If you switch up your beauty routine with anything new and then get an armpit rash, it’s a good indicator that something in your new product could be irritating your body or you might be potentially allergic.

3. Swelling, itching, and scaling could indicate a yeast infection

Crazy health tip: yeast infections don’t just occur in your vaginal area. Family practice doctor Lisa Koche, MD, says they can happen under your arms, which could be a sign that your body is overproducing yeast. “Someone is more prone to yeast infections—of all types—if they have a lot of sugar in their diet,” she says. “If there is an overgrowth of yeast or fungus, swelling, itching, and scaling can occur under the arms and can worsen in hot weather or tight clothing,” says Dr. Sobel, adding that poor hygiene can also cause the body to grow fungus in the armpits.

But don’t fret: Dr. Koche says there are some easy solutions that will nip it in the bud, including probiotics or applying a cream or tea tree oil topically. Definitely check with your doctor to confirm your yeast infection and go with their remedies.

4. Excessive sweating could be a sign of overactive neurological pathways

Besides appearance, how much you sweat is another armpit health clue. “Excessive sweating, known as hyperhidrosis, usually is not caused by an underlying medical condition and is caused by overactivity in the neurological pathways, but not anything to be concerned about,” Dr. Sobel says. “Typically, if someone has [hyperhidrosis], they know because they’re sweating a lot,” adds Dr. Koche. Again, nothing to worry over because it can easily be treated if you see a doctor. Both MDs say Botox tends to be the go-to solution, but if you’re looking for a super-strong antiperspirant, reach for Dove Advanced Care Antiperspirant ($3).

“Spicy foods, alcohol, and stress can also cause excessive sweating,” Dr. Koche says, so try to keep those in check and limit intake if you’re dealing with more sweat than usual.

5. A funky smell could be an indicator that your pH is off

Without deodorant, no one’s armpits smell like roses; Dr. Koche emphasizes that armpit odor is completely normal. At least most of the time. “[Overt armpit odor] happens when sweat comes in contact with bacteria on the skin. You can smell more if you have more bacteria,” she explains. Dr. Koche says this can happen due to an imbalance in pH levels, which can be caused by too much “bad” bacteria in the gut. If you’re smelling funky lately, it could be an indication that something could be off in your gut.

6. A change in smell could be a sign you’re dehydrated

Dr. Koche says dehydration can also cause armpit smell to become stronger. Often, she says, this is linked to excessive sweating during exercising or when it’s hot. It’s important to replenish the body with the water it loses through sweating. Dr. Koche also adds that a stronger smell could be because the shirt you’re wearing isn’t breathable enough, trapping sweat and odor in instead of letting it out.

See? Who knew armpit health was such a goldmine of info about your well-being. While all of this info can be helpful, it comes with a major, three-word caveat: See your doctor. Otherwise, you may end up lying in bed at night worrying about something that is actually NBD. And that would be, well, the pits.

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How to Treat Yeast Infections During Pregnancy

If you’re an adult woman, chances are you’ve had a yeast infection at some point in your life and know that it’s anything but fun. But did you know yeast infections occur more frequently in women who are pregnant?

Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a normal fungus. About one-third of all women normally carry this fungus in their vaginas, and both men and women carry it in their digestive tracts. 

During pregnancy—particularly in the second trimester—women become more susceptible to yeast problems. The increased risk during pregnancy is at least partially due to the increased estrogen circulating in a pregnant woman’s body.

While they’re annoying and uncomfortable, yeast infections are not harmful to your health. Unlike with other types of infections, you generally wouldn’t be prescribed antibiotics for a yeast infection (in fact, the use of antibiotics has been shown to lead to yeast infections in some women).

A yeast infection will also not harm your baby, although they may still get yeast infections, no matter how or when they are born.

Symptoms in Moms and Babies

Though caused by the same fungal overgrowth, the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection vary depending on the location of the infection. Vaginal yeast infection symptoms in moms may include:​

  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Pain during sex
  • Discharge that is white or creamy, including a cottage cheese-like appearance (Not leukorrhea, or normal discharge)

Whereas yeast infection symptoms in babies may appear as:

  • White patches in their mouth that do not wipe off (called thrush)
  • Bright red diaper rash that doesn’t go away (sometimes referred to as yeast diaper rash)

If you have never had a yeast infection before, you should have your doctor or midwife look at a sample of your vaginal secretions or discharge under a microscope to ensure you receive a proper diagnosis. You shouldn’t assume it is a yeast infection and attempt to treat it without consulting your provider.

Treatment During Pregnancy

Even if you have had a yeast infection before, you should still contact your doctor as some common medications are not recommended for use during pregnancy. Your provider will be able to tell you which medications are safe to use and make a recommendation.

Over-the-Counter and Prescription Treatments

Shorter courses of treatment do not appear to be as effective in pregnancy. As a result, your doctor may recommended an over-the-counter or prescription seven-day treatment.

Be sure to finish the entire course of treatment, as not following these instructions may lead to a reoccurrence of the infection.

If you’re prescribed a treatment cream, you’ll insert it into the vagina every night before bed, enabling you to lie down as long as possible to get the most out of the medication. If you like, you can use a panty liner to help with any discharge or leakage of medication.

For additional relief, symptoms can also be treated by applying ice packs to the perineum or soaking in a cool tub. There are also topical creams available over-the-counter, but talk to your doctor before using them during pregnancy.

Natural Remedies

There are also natural remedies for preventing and dealing with yeast infections. Eating yogurt with live active cultures can help your body fight off a yeast infection.

Some practitioners even encourage you to put plain yogurt (with the cultures) into the vagina, as this has been shown to sometimes provide relief and promote healing. You should also cut back on sugars in your diet, as it can up your chances of developing a yeast infection. Together with a prescribed treatment plan, these measures can help bring you relief.

As always, talk to your doctor before beginning any treatment plan for a yeast infection.


Since you’re more susceptible to yeast infections during pregnancy, it’s important to do your best to prevent them. To avoid developing a yeast infection, try to:

  • Wear cotton underwear and avoid synthetic fabrics
  • Sleep without underwear to allow your genitals to air dry
  • Avoid tight-fitting clothing, particularly those made of synthetic fibers such as Lycra
  • Refrain from sitting around in wet or sweaty clothing, or staying in a tub of water for a prolonged period of time
  • Avoid scented soaps, detergents, and feminine hygiene products

Intertrigo (rash under the breast)

A rash under your breast or breasts, between the folds of skin is usually caused by a skin condition called intertrigo. It is a very common condition that can occur throughout life.

1. What causes a rash under the breast?
2. How is a rash under the breast treated?
3. What can I do to prevent getting a rash under the breast?
4. Further support

1. What causes a rash under the breast?

The main causes of intertrigo are:

  • moisture
  • heat
  • lack of air circulating
  • friction between skin folds (where skin rubs against skin)

This can lead to:

  • a red or reddish-brown rash
  • raw, itchy or weeping skin with or without a smell
  • cracked skin
  • pain

Intertrigo (sometimes called candida intertrigo) can occur anywhere on the body where skin rubs against skin, such as between the thighs or on the underside of the belly or armpit.

A warm, moist environment encourages infection by either yeast, fungus or bacteria. Sometimes swelling, sores and blisters can also occur.

If you think you have intertrigo, speak to your GP as there are other skin conditions that might look similar.

2. How is a rash under the breast treated?

How the rash is treated depends on how severe it is and what’s causing it.

The aim of treatment is to:

  • reduce the rubbing of skin on skin
  • keep the area dry
  • reduce inflammation and moisture
  • treat any infection and stop it spreading

Other treatments such as barrier creams, steroid creams, anti-fungal creams and antibiotic creams or tablets may also help. You can ask your GP or pharmacist about these.

3. What can I do to prevent getting a rash under the breast?

There are some simple things you can do to reduce your risk of getting intertrigo and stop any irritation from getting worse.

1. Wash under your breasts morning and night with a gentle soap or soap substitute (for example emulsifying ointment). You can ask your pharmacist about this.

2. Dry the skin under your breasts thoroughly after washing – gently pat dry with a clean, soft towel or you can try using a hairdryer on a cool setting. This can be very effective, especially if you have large breasts.

3. Wear a well-fitting, supportive bra made from a natural material such as cotton. Manmade materials such as nylon can trap moisture. It can help to wear a cotton top under your bra. If the skin is weeping then try to change your bra daily or use cotton dressings. You can ask your practice nurse for help with this.

4. Losing weight may help to limit the areas where skin can rub against skin.

4. Further support

If you would like any further information and support or just want to talk things through, you can speak to one of our experts by calling our free Helpline on 0808 800 6000.

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How to Treat a Yeast Infection on Your Skin: 13 Steps

About This Article

Medically reviewed by:

Master’s Degree, Nursing, University of Tennessee Knoxville

This article was medically reviewed by Luba Lee, FNP-BC, MS. Luba Lee, FNP-BC is a board certified Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) and educator in Tennessee with over a decade of clinical experience. Luba has certifications in Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), Emergency Medicine, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Team Building, and Critical Care Nursing. She received her Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) from the University of Tennessee in 2006. This article has been viewed 103,769 times.

Co-authors: 9

Updated: September 26, 2019

Views: 103,769

Medical Disclaimer

The content of this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis, or treatment. You should always contact your doctor or other qualified healthcare professional before starting, changing, or stopping any kind of health treatment.

Article SummaryX

To treat a yeast infection, see your doctor first for an accurate diagnosis. Your doctor may prescribe you medication, which you should take according to their instructions. If you want to try treating the infection on your own, try applying coconut oil or tea tree oil to the affected area 3 times a day. Since these oils are anti-fungals, you should see a reduction in redness after about a week. You can also purchase an over-the-counter anti-fungal, such as clotrimazole or miconazole, which you should apply to your skin twice daily for 2 to 4 weeks. During your treatment, try to keep the affected area dry by wearing loose clothing so air can circulate and avoiding applying a bandage. Soak up moisture by applying talcum powder or corn starch, which can help soothe your skin. For tips from our Medical co-author on how to identify a yeast infection, keep reading!

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Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 103,769 times.

Unexplained Joint Pains & Candida Connection

One email we recently received was from a lady, who although she didn’t realize at the time, is typical of many suffering from unexplained joint pains. This was a woman aged 45, who had been experiencing joint pain primarily in her wrists, knees and fingers for around 3 years. On further investigation it transpired that she had received anti-fungal treatment for vaginal thrush but that condition, although initially relieved, had returned even more aggressively than before. She had also taken oral contraceptives for 20 years in addition to receiving antibiotics for an infection in her foot just over 3 years ago.

Before I continue with this article, you should know I’ve recently compiled a list of science-backed ways to get rid of candida yeast infections. You can download my free Candida Report here if you haven’t yet.

Shortly after the antibiotic treatment had ended the lady recalled that she developed itchy skin primarily on her arms and thighs which her clinician attributed to the chemicals she was using in her laundry. However despite changing brands numerous times the itching still flares up and she continues to live with the problem.

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Several months after the antibiotic treatment the woman then developed the joint pain which her clinician ascribed to arthritis despite her relatively young age. Although she takes both anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relief the condition started to affect not only her social and personal life, but also her ability to work.

It was only after the lady casually mentioned that she also suffered from vaginal itching that her clinician touched upon the subject of her also having a yeast infection. He prescribed anti-fungal drugs, which although they initially appeared to help, the lady experience a recurrence of her symptoms. No direct correlation was made between any of her symptoms and treatments – in short they were all treated as being distinct and unrelated.

The lady then became reluctant to return to her clinician simply because none of her ‘conditions’ other than the foot infection had been resolved permanently. She was also beginning to link together the information between the Candida and her other ailments, which is why she ended up getting in touch with us.

And in this case the lady was right to do so, because although it is not a common symptom, Candida can result in joint pain and inflammation. This is because Candida can stimulate the immune system and cause a heightened response which can result in, among other things, joint pain.

Although evidence has existed for decades regarding Candida and its notoriety in being both opportunistic and the ability of it to become what is known as systemic, the information in many cases has failed to filter down to some clinicians. What has also failed to filter down is the fact that scientists have been aware since the 1950s, practically since they were first put into common usage, that antibiotics can leave the body susceptible to a Candida overgrowth.

Although many illnesses arising from Candida can be cutaneous, meaning they affect the skin, they can also be internal infections which affect the mouth, throat, genitals and digestive tract. Further to that, in some cases Candida can invade the blood and travel throughout the body settling in some distant region and causing what are known as systemic problems. In a case where Candida has become systemic then the joints may be one of the parts of the body which are affected because the immune system has been stimulated to attack the invasion of fungi. Yet despite all this information many people can suffer from certain conditions for years without their clinicians even considering that Candida could be a cause.

In this particular case the lady in question put several of the clues together herself which ultimately led her to contact us and, with the correct advice and guidance, it would appear that her condition is going into remission.

She was advised to cut all sugars out of her diet including sodas, alcohol and fruit and encouraged to drink plenty of water. We then suggested she include garlic in her diet in addition to eating an organic probiotic each day . We also suggested she took Canxida Remove which contains natural ingredients that are designed to not only kill the yeast overgrowth but also support the immune system and beneficial gut bacteria which helps to strengthen the defense system of the body and overwhelm the pathogenic yeasts.

The good news is that during the last 4 weeks she has seen her condition dramatically improve and not only related to the joint pain, but also in respect of the vaginal itching.

So what were the clues that led us to suspect Candida could be at the root of this woman’s joint pain?

Well, firstly we are now coming to understand that oral contraceptives are another red flag when leaving the body susceptible to a Candida overgrowth. If we combine this information with the fact she was also prescribed a course of aggressive antibiotics, which it is certain can result in a Candida infection, then the picture becomes somewhat clearer. We then get an even clearer picture when we learn that the lady has subsequently developed a Candida infection and has been given anti-fungal medication. Both antibiotics and anti-fungals, although they may clear a yeast infection initially, have the ability not to eliminate it entirely but to actually strengthen its defenses – which has been proven by scientific research. In this case when we learn that the lady has subsequently developed itching of an unknown cause and then the joint pain, both of which can have their foundation in an immune response, then it wasn’t too difficult to piece together the remaining pieces of the puzzle.

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What we learn from this is that Candida can result in many symptoms outside of those commonly recognized and which mainly concern the genitals. It can, under certain conditions, result in a systemic condition which, without a good understanding of not only the true nature of the disease but also the possible effects of contemporary treatments, is particularly difficult to pin down and treat effectively.

90,000 Fungus on the hands – how to treat mycosis of the hands?

Fungus on palms and
fingernails threatens to significantly reduce the quality of life. Treatment follows
start when even minor symptoms appear.

Hands are the most unprotected part of the body in terms of sanitation and hygiene. Every day you have to contact with many objects, the purity of which is in doubt. It is enough to mention only handrails in public transport and money to understand how many bacteria your hands encounter.In most cases, the native microflora successfully repels the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. But, as soon as favorable conditions arise, atypical bacteria, and in particular microscopic fungi, settle on the palms and fingers. Mycoses is the most common dermatological infection that affects every second adult.

Fungus on the hands: pathogens and signs of infection

Fungal infection is essentially all the same, clean hands or dirty, observe the “victim” hygiene or ignore elementary rules.The main thing is to overcome the natural defenses of the body and quickly colonize at least a tiny area of ​​the palms, fingers or nails. Paradoxically, the more often a person washes their hands, the higher the risk of infection with the fungus. A humid and warm environment is ideal for spores. Towels, washcloths, kitchen rags, plumbing fixtures are literally teeming with yeast and, as soon as there is a reason, they will try to change their place of residence.

It should be noted that a small amount of fungi are part of the healthy microflora of the body.If external “relatives” manage to penetrate, then the colonies begin to grow rapidly. Visits to swimming pools, nail salons, saunas and gyms can accelerate the specific pathogenic encounter. If everyday and habitual activities coincide with colds, stress, weakening of immunity against the background of concomitant diseases, infection with nail fungus on the hands is almost inevitable.

Mycoses on the palms of the hands provoke three types of fungi: mold, dermatophytes and yeast. But, as numerous scientific studies show, the hands are most often attacked by the yeast fungi of the genus Candida and the dermatophytes Trichophyton.Determining the type of pathological infections is extremely important for the further treatment of nails, palms and the general prognosis of the disease.

Symptoms of fungal infection are identical for all pathogens. This is due to the mechanism of colonization. Spores produce special enzymes and proteins that can “eat” the upper layers of the skin, nails, in particular the horny particles on the thumb. Thus, pathogens prepare the ground for deeper penetration into the body. External signs of the disease appear quickly enough.The fungus looks bright:

  • Dry hands with noticeable peeling;
  • After taking a bath or shower, lumps appear on the skin, resembling soaked flour, especially in the interdigital area;
  • fungus on the palms is manifested by cracks, thickening of the skin on the edge of the hand;
  • fingers and palms itch constantly;
  • nail fungus give out transverse stripes, white spots, thickening of the horny plate;
  • the color of the nail changes, abnormal yellowness appears, with blue, purple and even black spots;
  • Fingernail fungus is manifested by deformation of the plate.

If symptoms are ignored, mycosis progresses rapidly. Nails flake off, crumble, palms become covered with numerous wounds, nail fungus is transmitted to other fingers. At the first suspicion, it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor to determine the type of pathogen. The cost, duration and effectiveness of treatment completely depend on the stage of mycosis.

Fungus of nails and palms of hands: treatment features

Most often, toenail fungus appears on the thumb.This part of the hand is most exposed to stress, so the localization is not accidental. As a rule, mycosis is diagnosed immediately on the legs and arms. Self-infection occurs in 70% of cases. Doing a pedicure on your own, brushing your feet and palms, and frequent washing are common causes of fungus on your hands. When drawing up a treatment regimen, this fact must be taken into account in order to eliminate all foci of infection.

Photo: Narin Nonthamand / Shutterstock.com

All mycoses are contagious. At the slightest suspicion of infection, precautions should be taken to protect others and prevent the progress of the disease.It is enough to follow the rules of hygiene, temporarily avoid shaking hands, visiting public baths, swimming pools. But the main thing is to treat the fungus in a timely manner. The dermatologist will select an effective treatment regimen, taking into account the state of the immune system, individual sensitivity to antifungal drugs, the type of pathogen and the degree of infection of the hands.

Rating of the best drugs for the treatment of mycosis of the hands

Treating thumb nail fungus or palm fungus is not the same thing.So, smooth skin absorbs the active substance of the drug much better and faster than the stratum corneum. The nail requires a more aggressive formula of the antifungal agent, therefore, the requirements for the medicine will be different. The terms of treatment are also different: nails from 4 weeks to 5 months, palms – up to 3 weeks. According to classical medical criteria, the treatment of all mycoses consists of the use of systemic and local drugs.

Photo: stux / Pixabay.com

Table with a rating of the most effective
antifungal agents will help you navigate a huge assortment
pharmacy medicines.

Trade name Active substance Pharmacological form general characteristics Price in rubles
Exoderil Naftifin

solution, cream Penetrates well into the nail plate. Possesses fungicidal and
fungistatic action.
Pimafucin Natamycin

pills, cream Antifungal antibiotic.Has a fungicidal effect.

Clotrimazole Clotrimazole

Solution, cream, ointment In small doses (cream) acts fungistatically, and in large doses (solution) –

Mycozon Miconazole

Cream, set for removing the nail plate Active against dermatophytes, yeasts and molds – the main
causative agents of mycoses of the hands.
Ecodax Econazole cream Active against yeasts, dermatophytes and gram-positive
Travogen Isoconazole Cream, gel An imidazole derivative. Possesses fungistatic action against
to all pathogens of mycoses of the hands.

Mycospore Bifonazole Ointment, solution, cream Has a fungicidal effect against dermatophytes

Diflucan Fluconazole Solution, capsules, suspension Has a systemic antifungal effect.Most often prescribed for
internal use.
Lamisil Terbinafine

Spray, solution, gel, or ointment Active against yeast-like fungi. May be a fungicide or
fungistatic, depending on the concentration of the active substance.

Fungus of palms and nails on hands – how to choose a drug?

Care should be taken when treating fungal infections of the palms and fingernails.Taking medication on your own can worsen symptoms. It is important to choose a drug that has a wide range of actions, a research-proven level of evidence and a minimum number of side effects.

For example, for the treatment of mycosis caused by yeast-like fungi, it is sufficient to use local preparations, especially if the disease is at an early stage. The fungus on the palms and nails is still very sensitive to the active substances of antimycotics.Therefore, the chances of recovery are high, up to 99%. If you take systemic drugs with a prolonged effect, there is a possibility of developing resistance to drug treatment in yeast-like fungi. And then the prognosis worsens sharply, and the terms of treatment will drag on indefinitely.

If a fungus appears on the thumb, then preference should be given to solutions and varnishes, with a high concentration of the active substance. It is necessary to ensure up to 90% penetration of the agent into the plate, preferably up to the matrix itself.Before applying varnish, make sure that the fungus has not penetrated deep into the bed. If the disease has reached this stage, the nail must be removed. For this, there are special preparations that contain urea (carbamide). It softens the plate after the first application, and allows you to painlessly remove the affected nail.

Taking tablets and capsules in treatment regimens for mycoses of nails and palms is a prerequisite if the fungus has long been a parasite on the skin. The drugs with the active ingredients itraconazole and terbinafine are highly effective.In all cases of fungal infection of the nails on the hands, a dermatologist’s consultation is required. Correct treatment is impossible without determining the type of fungus and the selection of optimal drugs. As soon as rashes, spots appear on the hands, in particular the palms and nails, the skin and the stratum corneum thicken, no doubt consult a doctor. Even if the alarm turned out to be false, it is much better than long-term treatment of advanced mycosis.

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90,000 Good to know for everyone! Yeast is a dangerous biological weapon

One of the wonders of our body is the regeneration process. For example, if 70% of the liver is removed, then after 3-4 weeks it can fully recover. The intestinal epithelium is renewed every 5-7 days, the epidermis of the skin changes at a very high rate, etc.

The main condition for the successful course of regeneration is the absence of fermentation processes in the body.As scientists have found, fermentation in the body is caused mainly by yeast. The common yeast fungus does not survive in the human body due to the high body temperature. But thanks to the efforts of geneticists in the early 60s, a special type of heat-resistant yeast was bred that reproduces perfectly even at temperatures of 43-44 degrees. Yeast is able not only to resist the onslaught of phagocytes responsible for immunity, but also to kill them. Reproducing in the body at a tremendous speed, yeast fungi devour the beneficial microflora of the gastrointestinal tract and are a kind of “Trojan horse” that promotes the penetration of all pathogenic microorganisms into the cells of the digestive tract, and then into the bloodstream and into the body as a whole.Regular use of fermentation products leads to chronic micropathology, a decrease in the body’s resistance, an increase in susceptibility to the effects of ionizing radiation, rapid brain fatigue, susceptibility to the effects of carcinogens and other exogenous factors that destroy the body. In addition, scientists believe that yeast disrupts normal cell reproduction, provoking chaotic cell reproduction with the formation of a tumor.

V.I. Grinev draws attention to the fact that in the USA, Sweden and other countries, yeast-free bread has become a common occurrence and is recommended as one of the means of preventing and treating cancer.Let’s take a closer look at what happens in our body when yeast enters it. The activity of all digestive organs during fermentation, especially caused by yeast, is grossly disrupted. Fermentation is accompanied by decay, microbial flora develops, the brush border is injured, pathogenic microorganisms easily penetrate the intestinal wall and enter the blood stream. The evacuation of toxic masses from the body is slowed down, gas pockets are formed, where fecal stones stagnate. Gradually, they grow into the mucous and submucous layers of the intestine.Intoxication by the waste products of bacteria, bacteremia (when they inseminate our blood) continues to grow. The secret of the digestive system loses its protective function and reduces the digestive function. Vitamins are insufficiently absorbed and synthesized, microelements are not properly absorbed, and the most important of them is calcium, there is a strong leakage of calcium in order to neutralize the destructive effect of excess acids that appear as a result of aerobic fermentation. The use of yeast products in food contributes not only to carcinogenesis, that is, the formation of tumors, but also to constipation, aggravating the carcinogenic situation, the formation of sand clots, stones in the gallbladder, liver, pancreas; fatty infiltration of organs or vice versa – dystrophic phenomena and ultimately leads to pathological changes in the most important organs.A serious signal of advanced acidosis is an increase in blood cholesterol in excess of the norm. Depletion of the buffer system of the blood leads to the fact that free excess acids injure the inner lining of the vessels. Cholesterol in the form of a putty material begins to be used to patch up defects. During fermentation, which is caused by thermophilic yeast, not only negative physiological changes occur, but even anatomical ones. Normally, the heart and lungs and underlying organs – the stomach and liver, as well as the pancreas, receive a powerful massaging energy stimulus from the diaphragm, which is the main respiratory muscle that takes off up to the 4th and 5th intercostal spaces.During yeast fermentation, the diaphragm does not perform oscillatory movements, takes a forced position, the heart is located horizontally (in a position of relative rest), it is often rotated (that is, rotated about its axis), the lower lobes of the lungs are compressed, all the digestive organs are clamped by extremely swollen gases, deformed intestines , often the gallbladder leaves its bed, even changing its shape. Normally, the diaphragm, making oscillatory movements, contributes to the creation of suction pressure in the chest, which attracts blood from the lower and upper extremities and the head for cleansing into the lungs.When limiting her excursion, this does not happen. All this together contributes to the growth of stagnation in the members of the lower extremities, small pelvis and head and, as a result, varicose veins, thrombus formation, trophic ulcers and a further decrease in immunity. As a result, a person turns into a plantation for the growth of viruses, fungi, bacteria, rickettsia (ticks). When the employees of the Vivaton company worked at the Institute of Circulatory Pathology in Novosibirsk, they received convincing evidence from Academician Meshalkin and Professor Litasova about the negative indirect effect of yeast fermentation on the activity of the heart.

90,000 yeast is … What is yeast?

is an assembly group of microscopic fungi (sizes 1.5–2.0 to 10–12 µm), which do not have a typical mycelium. Propagate by division or budding. About 500 species are known. D. – heterotrophs with an oxidative or fermentative type of metabolism . Common on fruits, berries, plants, soil. They are widely used in science as a model of eukaryotic cells, as well as in food (brewing, baking, winemaking, etc.)) and in microbiol. industry (production of BVK, ethanol, glycerin , etc.).

(Source: “Microbiology: Dictionary of Terms”, Firsov NN, M: Bustard, 2006)

heterogeneous group mushrooms (see). Typical D. have an oval, less often round, cylindrical, fusiform, crescent shape, dimensions 1.5×1.5 – 6×8 microns, but individual cells can reach 20 or even 50 microns. Propagated by budding. In most species, one bud is noted, located closer to the pole (with a round shape, anywhere).Some species form true or false mycelium, more often along with the formation of a yeast-like form (so-called dimorphism). The structure of D.’s cells is identical to the structure of fungal cells. Mushrooms from the class Deiteromycetes resemble yeast in shape. These so-called. yeast-like fungi differ from true D. in their inability to form true mycelium and ascospores, as well as in a number of other signs (see Candida ). D. live in the soil, on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals. Some species cause diseases (blastomycosis) in humans, animals and plants.The main method of the doctor of the diseases caused by D. is the allocation of the cut. The microscope, method and allergic tests are of secondary importance. The identification of the cut is based on the establishment of morphology (the form of vegetative cells, the presence and type of mycelium, size), the method of reproduction (the form of buds, spores and asci), growth temperature, need for vitamins, assimilation of carbon and nitrogen sources, fermentation of carbohydrates, synthesis of organic to – t, resistance to antibiotics and salts. See also Mushrooms, Candida.

(Source: Dictionary of Microbiology Terms)

What is a Hot Hand?

I don’t know this term either. I don’t think this is an established fried slang, so it should change depending on the recipe, if you find it elsewhere at all. But if you got it from a bread recipe, then you need optimal conditions for yeast. The optimal temperature for yeast growth is 35 ° C, and below this level it is too slow (but this will still happen even at 4 ° C in the refrigerator!) And impossible at 40 ° C and above, where the leavening effect becomes too low for practical goals (and at some point the yeast dies).

This is a good indication of the amount of CO2 released by the yeast (which correlates well with loosening) at various temperatures. The difference between the lowest effective temperature (25 ° C), the optimal temperature (35 ° C) and the upper limit of the effective temperature (40 ° C) is small, so I do not rely on my imperfect senses and always use a thermometer when making yeast dough.

But you write that you want a “rule of thumb,” so you probably don’t have (or don’t want to worry) a thermometer in your kitchen.In this case, you can still raise the bread well. The literal thumb is a bad choice as it is quite insensitive, but the trick our grandmothers used to measure the temperature of baby food is still valid: use your elbow.

The skin of the elbow is very thin, and it will very well notice the difference between the liquid 35 ° C (at which the temperature is about the same as that of the elbow, remember that the body temperature is normally 37 ° C, and not on the skin outside).) and 40 ° C liquid (which seems too warm). If you were using your fingers or the back of your hand, you wouldn’t be able to tell the difference clearly enough and risked jumping over and killing the yeast. Perhaps there are other parts of the body that can feel the difference (tongue, I think, unless you scald it daily with hot drinks), but hygienically, the elbow is probably better.

Khachapuri from puff yeast dough with cheese in a hurry – Tasty at home

Finally, I have waited for my long-awaited friend to visit, who has lived in Tbilisi all her life.She called unexpectedly that she would stop by for coffee in an hour and I, of course, wanted to please her with my pastries, there was no time for making pies, and only one quick recipe was spinning in my head – this is khachapuri made from puff yeast dough with cheese , which will definitely not leave my Georgian friend Tsitsino indifferent.

As you know khachapuri is exclusively a national Georgian dish. They prepare such baked goods of an exceptionally round shape and add only mozzarella, feta cheese or sulugumi cheese to the filling and in no case bake it from purchased yeast or yeast-free dough.But just as there was ordinary Russian cheese in the refrigerator, and frozen yeast dough in the freezer, I had to cook from what was at hand. To this I would like to add words from the song, I sculpted it from what was. It turned out unusual, tasty and, most importantly, quickly.

khachapuri are served warm, so if guests are coming to you, then put the preparation for khachipuri in the oven 20 twenty minutes before arrival.

Required for cooking.

  • Yeast dough -500 gr.
  • Cheese -350 gr.
  • Egg -1 pcs.

Three cheese on a fine grater. Defrost the dough so that it does not break. Once thawed, we unwind it on the layer. Roll out a little with a rolling pin, cut into rectangles. Put the cheese filling in the center of the rectangle. We glue the edges into triangles, grease on top with whipped egg yolk. We send the blanks to a well-heated oven at 180 degrees for 20 minutes. Here, the time and temperature depends solely on your oven.Do not fry too much, the dough should brown a little, say, such a golden color.

Khachapuri from puff yeast dough with cheese in a hurry are ready.

Enjoy the taste. Bon appetit.

Yeast dough for quick pies

Yeast dough is always difficult and not fast, don’t you agree? But how good it is that there are such recipes for yeast dough, according to which it can be prepared in 1-2 hours, and not in a day.This is the recipe my mother-in-law shared with me, God grant her health! Initially, I had some doubts, but after trying, I realized that this recipe is worthy to be in my notebook.
It’s amazing how dough without butter and eggs can be so delicious! Honestly, not knowing the recipe, I would never have believed that it is so easy to prepare! Try it, you won’t regret it!

To make a quick yeast dough for pies, you will need:

flour – 4-5 tbsp.
warm boiled water – 600 ml
salt – 1 tbsp.
sugar – 1-2 tablespoons
pressed yeast – 30 g
sunflower oil – 3-4 tablespoons + 1 tablespoon for lubrication

How to make quick yeast dough for pies .

1. Immediately take out a large bowl for kneading the dough. Put the yeast there (I bought a one-hundred-gram pack of yeast and cut off a third part for the dough) and knead it with a fork until fine crumbs.

2.Pour warm boiled water (not hot!) Into the yeast and stir until smooth. Then add salt, sugar (if you plan to make pies with sweet filling, add 1 more tablespoon sugar) and sunflower oil. We mix.

3. Sift the flour through a sieve (preferably several times), so we get rid of unnecessary lumps and possible debris. In this case, the baking will turn out even more magnificent. Gradually add all the flour to the bowl until a lump forms from the dough.But the dough does not need to be kneaded at this stage.

4. What does my mother-in-law do next? He takes a large, clean bag, greases it from the inside with sunflower oil and puts the dough into it. Ties the bag of dough well and sends it to a bowl of hot water for half an hour. During this time, the dough will double in volume. I decided to do otherwise. Since I have a multicooker assistant, why not use it? I grease the sides of the bowl with sunflower oil (almost to the very top) and put the dough into it.

5. Turn on the heating and wait for the dough to rise for 25 minutes. (I do not close the lid). It is not worth keeping the dough on heating for more time, otherwise it runs the risk of crusting at the bottom (it will start cooking).

6. Carefully remove the dough from the multicooker bowl and put it on the work surface sprinkled with flour. Knead for 10-15 minutes, then leave to rest for another half hour. You can – in a bowl and tighten with cling film. Or you can leave it on the table and cover it with a tea towel.After half an hour, when the dough increases in volume again, you can knead it and start sculpting pies

Choose the filling to taste. These can be pies with young cabbage and eggs, yeast pies with cherries, or, for example, delicious meat pies.

At my leisure, I prepared delicious fluffy pies with an apple on the basis of this dough. I cut the apples into cubes.

I rolled out a circle of dough with a rolling pin, put some apples in its middle, sprinkled with sugar and blinded the edges, forming pies (I sculpted them in the form of round donuts.

I cooked in the oven and in the pan. Here they are – fried in a pan.

Bon appetit!

Material belongs to the site 1001eda.com
Author of the recipe Yana Krasnikova
Photo author Yana Krasnikova
The recipe was published on 13.12.2014
The recipe was updated on 14.01.2015 (added photos)

Diseases of the nails of the feet and hands: symptoms and treatment

If you notice signs of changes in the nail plate on the hands or feet, consult a doctor immediately! Signs of changes signal that problems have begun with the nails or internal organs.The sooner the cause of external changes is identified, the earlier treatment will begin. Don’t run the problem, it won’t go away by itself.

Let’s try to talk about the most common nail diseases found in the modern world.

Common nail diseases

Most common nail diseases:

  • Pigmented spots
  • Onychomycosis
  • Psoriasis
  • Nail atrophy
  • Onycholysis
  • Panaritium

Signs of nail disease to look out for

Changes in the color or structure of the nail plate should be alarming, they arise as a result of some kind of problem.

Pigment abnormalities

The symptomatology of this disease consists in the appearance of spots of abnormal colors on the nail plate: brown, yellow, blue, red, etc. The reasons for the change in the color of the nail plate may be diseases of the liver, heart, endocrine system. Also, the cause of the pigment abnormality can be the intake of antibiotics and some other medications.

Nails can become discolored due to the use of inadequate nail polish or nail care products.It is advisable to use only proven products such as MASURA for manicure.


Mycoses – diseases caused by a fungus. Onychomycosis is a nail fungus infection. When the nail is affected, it changes color, begins to flake and crumble. Grooves appear on the nail plate. At the first sign, do not try to self-medicate, consult a specialist. It is not easy to cure nail fungus, it is much easier to follow hygiene rules in order to protect yourself.

Nail psoriasis

There are two causes of nail psoriasis: a genetic predisposition and problems with the immune system. Nail psoriasis is not an infectious disease. In the initial stage of the disease, the nail becomes an unpleasant yellow tint. The nail plate loses its natural elasticity, exfoliates, and can completely peel off from the nail bed.

Treatment of this disease is a very difficult process and can take a long time.You should trust the specialists.


Onycholysis – dystrophy of the nail plate. Deformation of the nail leads to the rejection of the nail plate from the nail bed and the appearance of an air gap under the nail, as well as a change in the color of the nail to dirty yellow.

Health problems can cause onycholysis. The digestive system, heart and nervous system should be checked. The cause of the disease can be a long course of antibiotics.The occurrence of onycholysis can be affected by household chemicals or poor-quality manicure products.


Panaritium is a disease of the nail fold, often occurring after mechanical injury to the nail. Use quality manicure tools and you can make your manicure as safe as possible.

Panaritium appears due to infection of the nail during trauma. As a rule, in an advanced stage (when pus develops), the nail plate has to be removed.

Injury to the nail

Often, a fingernail or a toenail is deformed as a result of injury. On impact, hemorrhage under the nail plate leads to a discoloration of the nail, up to black. Such deformation does not require special treatment; it takes time for the nail to regenerate.

Treatment of nail diseases

The method of nail treatment will depend on the cause of the disease and traditional methods of eliminating the specific problem. There are several ways to solve the problem:

  • Medication.With mycoses or psoriasis, the doctor will carry out the necessary tests and prescribe medications. In addition to drugs that fight the main problem, the patient will be prescribed drugs that support the functioning of the liver and digestive organs. We strongly do not recommend prescribing a course of treatment for yourself, you will endanger your life.
  • Outside. In addition to medication, the doctor will prescribe drugs for external use. It can be all kinds of creams and ointments. In combination with the problem, it is much easier to cope.
  • Surgical.