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How to cure eye itching: Why Are My Eyes Itchy? Answers From an Expert

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Why Are My Eyes Itchy? Answers From an Expert

For many people, the warmth and beauty of spring are accompanied by irritated, burning and, sometimes, swollen eyes and eyelids. These symptoms, often attributed to allergy season, can be caused by other factors in the environment.

If you are one of the many who suffer from itchy eyes, understanding the cause is the key to treatment and relief.

Ophthalmologist Irene Kuo, M.D., of the Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medicine, explains the cause and the methods to keep in mind to help relieve your itchy eyes.

Eye allergies, whether seasonal or year-round, are often the cause of itchy eyes. These allergies can be triggered by pollen or pet dander. Irritants like dust and smoke, or products such as lotions, makeup or contact lens solutions can also cause symptoms similar to those of eye allergies. An allergist can conduct an allergy test to determine the specific allergens that are causing you discomfort.

Learn about treatment for seasonal allergies.

Don’t Rub Your Eyes!

The most obvious measure to take may be the most difficult: Avoid rubbing your eyes. If you rub your already-irritated eyes, you can add more allergens such as pollens and pet dander. Constant rubbing of the eyes can even cause a break in the top corneal layer (epithelium), causing pain and potentially leading to infection. 

Itchy-Eye Relief

Once allergies are determined to be the cause of your itchy eyes, you and your doctor will work together to find a treatment plan that works best for you. The plan may include:

  • Avoidance and Removal. Protective measures during high-pollen season could go a long way to providing relief from itchy eyes.
    • Close windows in your car or at home, and wear wrap-around sunglasses outdoors to avoid contact with pollen.
    • Use a dehumidifier to control potential mold in your home.
    • Shower each night to remove accumulated pollens on skin, eyelids, hair and your face. Be sure to wash your hands after petting animals.
    • Change bedding more frequently.
  • Cold Compress. If you are dealing with a mild case of allergy-related itching, a cold cloth or compress over the eyes can help temporarily ease the discomfort.
  • Artificial Tears. Frequent use of chilled over-the-counter, lubricating eye drops can relieve symptoms.
  • Anti-allergy Eyedrops or Oral Medications. For many people, allergy relief eyedrops, or oral medications that contain antihistamines or mast cell stabilizers, can ease symptoms. These can be obtained over-the-counter or your doctor can prescribe them.
  • Allergy Immunotherapy. A treatment called sublingual immunotherapy involves daily administration of allergy drops at home. You are treated with the allergens you are sensitized to, and over time, become more tolerant of those allergens.
  • If these treatments do not help, a visit to your eye doctor can help determine if something else is the cause of your allergies. Conditions such as blepharitis — an inflammation of the eyelid — or dry eye syndrome can also cause eye irritation. They require a treatment plan specific to those conditions.

    Contact Lens Hygiene

    If you wear contact lenses, it’s important to change them as often as prescribed. Allergens as well as bacterial products can stick to soft contact lenses.

    • Keep your eyes lubricated often with artificial tears.
    • Make sure to rub your contact lenses during cleaning every night. Wash the case and change the solution inside every day. Do not “top off” with solution. Start with a clean case and clean solution every time you remove your contact lenses.
    • Consult with your eye doctor to consider a new replacement schedule for your contact lenses if the irritation does not lessen. Daily disposable contact lenses may also be an option.

    Remember that in addition to any treatment you receive, the best way you can help prevent worsening a case of itchy eyes is to avoid touching or rubbing them.

Itchy Eyes: Causes and Cures

By Amy Hellem; reviewed by Gary Heiting, OD

  • Causes of itchy eyes
  • Treatments for itchy eyes

Almost everyone experiences itchy eyes from time to time. There are many causes of itchy eyes, and the problem often is accompanied by itchy eyelids — especially at the base of the eyelashes — and red eyes or swollen eyelids.

The medical term for itchy eyes is ocular pruritus (“proo-RIE-tus”).

This article will help you learn more about itchy eyes and how you can get relief. (Spoiler alert: rubbing your eyes won’t help.)

Causes of itchy eyes

Most of the time, itchy eyes are caused by some type of allergy. An irritating substance (called an allergen) — such as pollen, dust and animal dander — causes the release of compounds called histamines in the tissues around the eyes, which results in itching, redness and swelling.

Rubbing won’t help your itchy eyes. In fact, it can make things worse.

Eye allergies come in lots of shapes and sizes and can be seasonal or perennial.

Seasonal allergies cause what’s known as allergic conjunctivitis. It’s most
common in the spring and fall and is caused by high pollen counts and
exposure to outdoor allergens like grass and weeds.

Perennial allergies, on the other hand, are present all year long and are caused by things like mold and dust.

In some cases, a product you’re using can cause allergy-related itchy eyes. For example, some people develop allergies to their contact lens solutions. Other products with ingredients that may cause your eyes to itch include:

  • Artificial tears used to treat dry eyes

  • Medicated eye drops for chronic conditions like glaucoma

  • Makeup

  • Lotions, creams and soaps

But allergies aren’t the only cause of itchy eyes. If (in addition to itching) your eyes are burning, the cause may be dry eye syndrome or meibomian gland dysfunction, not allergies.

Similarly, if your eyelids are red and inflamed, you may have a condition called blepharitis. This is caused by bacteria and in some cases by microscopic mites that live on the eyelids.

If you wear contact lenses, itchy eyes can make lens wear very uncomfortable. Sometimes, if you are wearing your contacts too long or don’t replace them frequently enough, this too can cause itchy eyes.

Because the causes for itchy eyes are so diverse, if your symptoms are lasting, getting worse, or don’t subside when allergy season winds down, make an appointment with your eye doctor.

Treatments for itchy eyes

Symptoms of itchy eyes sometimes can be alleviated with over-the-counter artificial tears or allergy eye drops. But in many cases, prescription eye drops or oral medications may be needed to provide relief.

Some medications also may help you become less prone to attacks of itchy eyes in the future, especially if symptoms are due to seasonal allergies.

Applying a clean, cold, damp washcloth over your closed eyes also may help alleviate the severity of itchy eyes.

The most effective itchy eye treatments are those that directly address the cause. For example, if your symptoms are associated with a dry eye condition, an allergy drop will be less effective for you than it will be for someone whose itchy eyes are due to seasonal allergies. For this reason, consulting with your eye doctor can be very helpful to determine the most effective remedy for itchy eyes.

Several different types of medications may help relieve ocular itching, but only your doctor will know which treatment or combination of treatments is most suitable for your particular needs.

In some cases, itchy eyes can be cured with artificial tears or allergy drops. But in others, you may also need an antibiotic, an anti-inflammatory medication and/or special eyelid cleansing products.

Above all, though it’s tempting, don’t rub your itchy eyes. Rubbing releases more histamines that make the itching worse. It’s also possible to cause a corneal abrasion by rubbing your eyes too vigorously. Eye rubbing anso can introduce bacteria to your eyes that can lead to an eye infection.

SEE RELATED: Why you should never rub your eyes

Page published in March 2019

Page updated in September 2021

How to Get Relief From Eye Allergies

People who have allergies are often quick to seek help for symptoms such as sneezing, sniffling, and nasal congestion. But allergies can affect the eyes, too. They can make your eyes red, itchy, burning, and watery, and cause swollen eyelids.

The same treatments and self-help strategies that ease nasal allergy symptoms work for eye allergies, too.

Also called ocular allergies or allergic conjunctivitis, they pose little threat to eyesight other than temporary blurriness. But infections and other conditions can cause the same symptoms, so call your doctor if your symptoms don’t improve.

Causes

Like all allergies, eye allergies happen when your body overreacts to something. The immune system makes antibodies that cause your eyes to release histamine and other substances. This causes itching and red, watery eyes. Some people also have nasal allergies.

Types

There are two types of eye allergies: seasonal, which are more common, and perennial.

Seasonal allergies happen at certain times of the year — usually early spring through summer and into autumn. Triggers are allergens in the air, commonly pollen from grasses, trees, and weeds, as well as spores from molds.

Perennial allergies happen year-round. Major causes include dust mites, feathers (in bedding), and animal (pet) dander. Other substances, including perfumes, smoke, chlorine, air pollution, cosmetics, and certain medicines, can also play a role.

Sometimes, it’s easy to tell what causes an allergy — for example, if symptoms strike when you go outside on a windy, high-pollen-count day, or when a pet climbs onto your lap. If your trigger isn’t clear, a doctor can give you tests to find out.

Do-It-Yourself Allergy Relief

The first thing to do is to avoid your triggers.

Stay indoors when pollen counts are highest, usually in mid-morning and early evening. Close the windows and run the air conditioner (window fans can draw in pollen and mold spores).

When you go out, wear eyeglasses or big sunglasses to block pollen from your eyes. Driving? Keep the windows closed and run the air conditioner.

To limit your exposure to dust mites, use special pillow covers that keep allergens out. Wash bedding frequently in hot water. If your mattress is more than a few years old, consider getting a new one.

Clean floors with a damp mop. Sweeping tends to stir up rather than get rid of allergens. Especially if you have a pet, consider replacing rugs and carpets, which trap and hold allergens, with hardwood, tile, or other flooring materials that are easier to clean. Choose blinds instead of curtains.

To stop mold from growing inside your home, keep the humidity under 50%. You may need to use a dehumidifier, especially in a damp basement. Clean the dehumidifier regularly. And use a bleach solution when you tidy up your kitchen and bathrooms.

If your pet is a trigger, keep it out of your bedroom.

Don’t rub your eyes. That’s likely to make symptoms worse. Use cool compresses instead.

Allergy Medications for Eyes

Over-the-counter and prescription medications can give short-term relief of some eye allergy symptoms. Prescription treatments can provide both short- and long-term help.

Sterile saline rinses and eye lubricants can soothe irritated eyes and help flush out allergens.

Decongestant eye drops can curb eye redness by constricting blood vessels in the eyes. These drops tend to sting a bit, and they don’t relieve all symptoms. What’s more, their effect tends to be short-lived. If you use them for more than a few days, it can cause ”rebound” eye redness.

eye drops containing ketotifen can ease allergy symptoms for up to 12 hours. They won’t cause rebound redness even with long-term use.

Refrigerating your eye drops may bring more relief.

In addition to red, itchy eyes from allergies, many people also have other symptoms, like a stuffy, runny nose. If you do, nasal steroid sprays can help your eyes and nose. Over-the-counter options include Flonase, Rhinocort, and Nasacort. Several others are also available with a doctor’s prescription.

Oral antihistamines can also help. Cetirizine (Zyrtec) and loratadine (Claritin) tend to be less sedating than some older drugs, and they provide longer-lasting relief. Keep in mind, though, that oral antihistamines do dry the eyes and can make a dry eye condition worse. 

If you need more help, a doctor can prescribe other eye drops. For severe or persistent cases, immunotherapy (allergy shots or under-the-tongue tablets) can also help.

16 Effective Remedies That Will Soothe Itchy & Red Eyes

Spring has sprung, and seasonal allergies have sprung up right alongside it! Aside from my sensitive skin which seems to be allergic to everything, I’ve been pretty blessed in avoiding most other allergies. My husband and kids have not been so lucky, as they all experience seasonal allergies to some degree.

A lot of the time, their seasonal allergies manifest in the form of red, itchy, and irritated eyes. So in order to help them and any of you who might be suffering from irritated eyes, I thought I’d share some great home remedies in today’s blog post! We’ll start by exploring the various causes of red eyes, then we’ll dive into a list of effective at-home eye irritation treatments!

Related:  These Are The Best Simple Fixes For Puffy Eyes

What Causes Red Eyes?

There are many things that can irritate your eyes and leave them looking swollen and bloodshot. Here are just a few of the most common causes of red, itchy eyes:

  • Allergens, including pollen, dirt, pet dander, etc.
  • Air pollution
  • Smoke
  • Dry air, like in arid climates or airplanes
  • Chemical exposure, like swimming in a chlorinated pool
  • Overexposure to sunlight

16 Effective Home Remedies For Itchy, Red Eyes

1.

Cold Compress

A cold compress can help relieve swelling around the eyes and reduce itching. Start by splashing a bit of ice water over and around your eyes. Then, wrap some ice packs, ice cubes, or a packaged frozen food item in a clean cotton towel. Place the cold compress on your closed eyelids for several minutes or until the itching subsides.

2. Chamomile

Chamomile can be very soothing for irritated eyes. Add 1 teaspoon of dried chamomile flowers or a chamomile teabag to 1 cup of boiled water. Steep for 5 minutes, strain, and let the tea cool completely. Pour the cooled tea onto a cotton pad and apply it around your eyes. You can also use the cooled tee in a cold compress!

3. Cucumber Slices

Packed with soothing antioxidants, cucumber slices are a classic remedy for eye irritation and inflammation. Cut two slices of cucumber and place them in ice cold water for 10 minutes to chill them. Then place the chilled cucumber slices on your closed eyelids and relax for 10 minutes.

4. Tea Bags

Tea contains tannic acid that can help soothe itchy eyes. Use a green or black teabag to prepare a cup of tea, then allow the teabag to cool completely. Place the cooled teabag over your eyes one at a time to help soothe itchiness and reduce inflammation.

5. Stay Hydrated

If your eyes are irritated, your vision is blurry, or it feels like there is something in your eye, you may be experiencing symptoms of dry eye. And the best treatment for dry eyes is hydration! Make sure you’re drinking plenty of water throughout the day to keep your eyes well hydrated and support your general health.

6. Eat More Omega-3s

Make sure you’re getting plenty of omega-3 fatty acids in your diet. These fats are crucial for lubricating your eyes and reducing inflammation. Some good sources of omega-3s include fatty fish, flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts.

7. Chilled Spoons

Chilled metal spoons can help constrict the blood vessels around your eyes, decreasing redness and swelling. Place four metal spoons in a glass of ice water. When chilled, place one spoon on each eye. As the spoons begin to warm, switch them out with the spoons that are still chilling in the glass of ice water. Continue this cycle until the swelling subsides.

8. Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is an astringent that can be incredibly soothing for irritated eyes, especially if it contains added moisturizing ingredients like aloe vera. Pour some witch hazel onto a cotton pad, and either wipe it over your eyes or rest the pad on your eyes for a few minutes. You’ll notice a difference almost immediately!

9. Aloe Vera

And speaking of aloe vera, you can also use plain aloe vera gel or juice as a remedy for itchy eyes! Frozen aloe vera cubes in particular can soothe a variety of skin irritation, including sunburns. Check out my post about them at the link below to learn more!

Related: Soothe Summer Skin Woes With Frozen Aloe Vera Cubes

10.

Castor Oil

Thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil, it can help reduce dry eye by improving lipid production and inhibiting tear evaporation, as well as reducing redness and irritation. Castor oil can be applied wherever it is needed. You can apply castor oil drops to your eyes using a clean glass dropper. However, there is always a certain amount of risk when using non-sterile equipment to administer any type of eye drops.

If you’re interested in a sterile option for castor oil eye drops, check out these Refresh Optive Mega-3 Lubricant Eye Drops formulated with castor oil. Regardless of what method you use, only use castor oil drops before you go to bed, as the oil tends to blur your vision slightly until it gets fully absorbed.

11. Warm Milk & Honey

Honey is a great remedy for many minor health issues, because of its soothing effects and antibacterial qualities. Combining honey with warm milk can make this remedy even more soothing! Just combine equal parts of honey and warm milk (which should be warm, but not hot), and stir until smooth.

Saturate two cotton pads with the warm milk and honey mixture and apply them to your closed eyelids. Rest for about 10 minutes or so to let the mixture work its soothing magic.

12. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar with the “mother” can help soothe itchy eyes in two ways. First, the vinegar acts as an astringent to reduce swelling and irritation. Second, the mother is high in malic acid which has antibacterial properties that can fight infection.

To use apple cider vinegar as a remedy for irritated eyes, stir 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar into 1 cup of water. Dip a cotton pad or cotton ball into the solution and apply it around your eyes.

Related: 28 Surprising Ways You Can Benefit From Apple Cider Vinegar

13. Potato

Potatoes, as surprising as it sounds, have an astringent effect that can help reduce eye inflammation! Using it can be as simple as placing potato slices over your eyes for 10-15 minutes.

14.

Rose Water

Rose water can be really helpful for soothing sore eyes. Just soak a cotton pad in rose water and place it over your eyes. This will provide immediate relief, and most of the soreness and burning should be gone after about five minutes.

15. Artificial Tears

Good old eye drops can soothe irritated eyes and help flush out whatever might be agitating them. Put two drops of artificial tears in twice a day to help moisten and lubricate your eyes. Twice a day should be your max though, as over-using eye drops can create a dependency.

16. Cold Bread

Believe it or not, a piece of cold bread will help reduce irritation, itchiness, and inflammation in irritated eyes. So toss a piece of bread in the fridge, and when it’s nice and cold, place it over your eyes! Sometimes the simplest solutions are the best ones. 🙂

These remedies should help most minor eye irritations, but be sure to consult a doctor or eye specialist if the condition worsens. More serious eye conditions or infections can be highly contagious, and may require the use of antibiotics.

Eye Allergy – ACAAI Patient

Symptoms

The primary types of eye allergy are seasonal or perennial allergic conjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, contact allergic conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.

Seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis

Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is by far the most common type of eye allergy. Patients experience symptoms in spring, summer or fall, depending on the type of plant pollens in the air. Typical symptoms include:

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Clear, watery discharge

People with SAC may have chronic dark circles (known as allergic shiners) under their eyes. The eyelids may be puffy, and bright lights may be bothersome. SAC symptoms often accompany the runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion associated with hay fever and other seasonal allergies. The itching may be so bothersome that patients rub their eyes frequently, making symptoms worse and potentially causing infection.

Perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC), as its name implies, occurs year-round. Symptoms are the same as with SAC, but tend to be milder. They are caused by reactions to dust mites, mold, pet dander or other household allergens, rather than pollen.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is a more serious eye allergy than SAC or PAC. While it can occur year-round, symptoms may worsen seasonally. It primarily occurs in boys and young men; about 75 percent of patients also have Atopic keratoconjunctivitis

This type of allergy primarily affects older patients – mostly men with a history of allergic dermatitis. Symptoms of atopic keratoconjunctivitis can occur year-round and are similar to those of vernal keratoconjunctivitis:

  • Severe itching
  • Burning
  • Redness
  • Significant production of thick mucus that, after sleep, may cause the eyelids to stick together

If left untreated, atopic keratoconjunctivitis can result in scarring of the cornea and its delicate membrane.

Contact allergic conjunctivitis

This can result from irritation by contact lenses or by the proteins from tears that bind to the surface of the lens. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Mucous discharge
  • Lens discomfort

Giant papillary conjunctivitis

Associated with wearing contact lenses, giant papillary conjunctivitis is a severe form of contact allergic conjunctivitis in which individual fluid sacs, or papules, form in the upper lining of the inner eyelid. Symptoms include:

  • Itching
  • Puffiness
  • Tearing
  • Mucous discharge
  • Blurred vision
  • Poor tolerance for wearing contact lenses
  • Foreign body sensation

Management and Treatment

Allergen avoidance

The first approach in managing seasonal or perennial forms of eye allergy should be to avoid the allergens that trigger your symptoms.

Outdoor exposure:

  • Stay indoors as much as possible when pollen counts are at their peak, usually during the midmorning and early evening, and when wind is blowing pollens around.
  • Avoid using window fans that can draw pollens and molds into the house.
  • Wear glasses or sunglasses when outdoors to minimize the amount of pollen getting into your eyes.
  • Try not to rub your eyes, which will irritate them and could make your condition worse.

Indoor exposure:

  • Keep windows closed, and use air conditioning in your car and home. Air conditioning units should be kept clean.
  • Reduce exposure to dust mites, especially in the bedroom. Use “mite-proof” covers for pillows, comforters and duvets, and mattresses and box springs. Wash your bedding frequently, using hot water (at least 130 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • To limit exposure to mold, keep the humidity in your home low (between 30 and 50 percent) and clean your bathrooms, kitchen and basement regularly. Use a dehumidifier, especially in the basement and in other damp, humid places, and empty and clean it often. If mold is visible, clean it with detergent and a 5 percent bleach solution.
  • Clean floors with a damp rag or mop, rather than dry-dusting or sweeping.

Exposure to pets:

  • Wash your hands immediately after petting any animals. Wash your clothes after visiting friends with pets.
  • If you are allergic to a household pet, keep it out of your home as much as possible. If the pet must be inside, keep it out of the bedroom so you are not exposed to animal allergens while you sleep.
  • Close the air ducts to your bedroom if you have forced-air or central heating or cooling. Replace carpeting with hardwood, tile or linoleum, all of which are easier to keep dander-free.

Many allergens that trigger eye allergies are airborne, so you can’t always avoid them. Discuss your symptoms with your allergist to determine which treatment options are right for you.

OTC eyedrops and medications

Nonprescription (over-the-counter, or OTC) eyedrops and oral medications are commonly used for short-term relief of some symptoms. They may not relieve all symptoms, and prolonged use of some OTC eyedrops may actually cause your condition to worsen.

  • Tear substitutes: Artificial tears can temporarily wash allergens from the eye and also moisten the eyes, which often become dry when red and irritated. These drops, which can be refrigerated to provide additional soothing and comfort, are safe and can be used as often as needed.
  • Decongestants: OTC decongestant eyedrops reduce the redness associated with eye allergies by narrowing the blood vessels in the eye. (Note: These should not be used by anyone with glaucoma.) They are available with a decongestant only or with a decongestant and an OTC antihistamine, which provides additional relief from itching. Because the drops are weak, they must be used frequently (four to six times a day).

    Do not use these OTC decongestant eyedrops for more than two to three days. Prolonged use can create a “rebound effect” – increased swelling and redness that may last even after discontinuing the drops. You may be familiar with this if you have used decongestant nasal sprays for more than three days and your nose has become even more congested than it was before.

  • Oral antihistamines: While oral antihistamines can be mildly effective in relieving the itching associated with eye allergies, they may cause dry eyes and potentially worsen eye allergy symptoms. Also, some OTC versions of these medications can cause side effects such as sedation, excitability, dizziness or disturbed coordination.

Prescription eyedrops and medications

Prescription eyedrops and oral medications also are used to treat eye allergies. The prescription drops provide both short- and long-term targeted relief of eye allergy symptoms. See an allergist for expert care and relief.

  • Antihistamine eyedrops: These can reduce the itching, redness and swelling associated with eye allergies. Although these drops provide quick relief, the effect may last only a few hours, and some must be used four times a day.
  • Mast cell stabilizer eyedrops: These prevent the release of histamine and other substances that cause allergy symptoms. To prevent itching, the drops must be used before you’re exposed to an allergen.
  • Antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer eyedrops: Some of the newest eyedrops have both an antihistamine and a mast cell stabilizer to treat and prevent eye allergies. They are used twice a day and provide quick, long-lasting relief of itching, redness, tearing and burning.
  • NSAID eyedrops: Nonsteroidal Children with eye allergies 

    Children can be treated with both OTC and prescription eyedrops and medications. Artificial tears are safe and can be used at any age. Some eyedrops, such as antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers, can be used in children 3 and older. Any treatment should be discussed with your child’s physician.

    Itchy Eyes: Causes and Treatment

    If you have itchy eyes, you’re not alone. Itchy eyes, also known as ocular pruritus, are a common problem and why many people eventually visit an eye doctor. The best way to treat itchy eyes is to know what is causing them to feel itchy. Here’s a closer look at the causes of itchy eyes and treatments.

    Causes

    Common Causes

    Itchy eyes are most likely due to a variety of causes of irritation.

    Allergies

    Allergies don’t just cause symptoms like a runny nose and sneezing. About 40% of Americans experience eye allergies (also called allergic conjunctivitis) at some point. Eye allergies can be mild, or they can be severe enough to affect your quality of life and productivity.

    Itchiness is a prominent symptom of eye allergies. Other symptoms of eye allergies include:

    • Burning in the eye
    • Clear discharge from the eye
    • Feeling your itchy eyes more when allergy triggers, such as pollen, are present
    • Redness
    • Respiratory symptoms such as congestion or a runny nose

    However, it’s possible to have eye allergy symptoms and no respiratory symptoms.

    Dry Eye Syndrome

    Dry eye syndrome happens when your eyes don’t make enough tears to stay lubricated, or your eyes don’t make the right kinds of tears. Dry eye syndrome is very common and often goes undiagnosed by an eye doctor.

    Among those over age 50, 3.2 million women and 1.68 million men are reported to have dry eye. However, you can have dry eye at any age.

    Symptoms of dry eye, in addition to itchiness, include:

    • Blurry vision
    • Feeling as if you have something in your eyes
    • More difficulty wearing contact lenses
    • Redness
    • A scratchy feeling in your eye

    Constant use of electronics can contribute to dry eye syndrome. Other causes of dry eye include hormonal changes, certain medications, contact lens use, and diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

    Contact Lenses

    Contact lenses can sometimes feel itchy or irritating to the eyes, even when they are supposed to help you see better. A problem with the lens itself could cause itchiness.

    For instance, the lens may have torn, and that’s why it feels uncomfortable in your eye. You may also develop an allergy to the lens material or the solution you use to clean the lens.

    You may experience itchiness from your contact lenses for other reasons, including an allergy to something in your environment, such as dust or pollen. When you wear your contacts, it’s possible for that itchy feeling to become worse if your allergy trigger adheres to your contact lenses.

    Blepharitis

    Blepharitis is a condition that affects your eyelids. It can cause crusty dandruff-like flakes on your eyelashes. Blepharitis is caused by too much bacteria where your eyelids meet your eyelashes or by clogged oil glands near your eyelashes.

    Your eyes may feel itchy, but you also will likely have eyelid symptoms, such as:

    • Itchy and irritated eyelids
    • Red eyelids
    • Swollen eyelids

    Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

    Your eyes have oil glands called Meibomian glands along the eyelid margin that release oil. This oil coats your eye surface and helps the water in your tears not evaporate.

    Meibomian gland dysfunction happens when these glands do not release enough oil or the oil that they release is of poor quality. When untreated, Meibomian gland dysfunction can lead to dry eye or eyelid inflammation.

    Symptoms of Meibomian gland dysfunction include:

    • Blurry vision that comes and goes
    • Burning
    • Crustiness around the eyes
    • Feeling like there is something in your eyes
    • Watering of the eyes

    Eye Strain

    When you focus on something for a long time, such as reading on a screen or driving, your eyes may get tired after a while. This is also called eye strain, eye fatigue, or asthenopia. Symptoms of eye strain include:

    • Feeling like your eyes are dry
    • Headache
    • Pain in your neck and shoulders, which is related to your body positioning while doing the task that has caused eye strain
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Watery eyes

    Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)

    As the name suggests, pink eye causes your eye to appear pink or red. Pink eye can have different causes, including a bacterial or viral infection in the eye. Other symptoms associated with pink eye caused by an infection include:

    • Burning
    • Crusting around the affected eye or eyelid, particularly in the morning
    • Feeling as if there is something in your eye
    • Swelling of the tissue that covers the white part of the eye (called the conjunctiva)
    • Tearing
    • Watery eyes

    If an infection causes your pink, itchy eye, it will likely affect only one eye, not both eyes, although it may spread to the other eye.

    Irritation From a Foreign Object

    It’s possible for objects as small as an eyelash, sand, or specks of dust to get in the eye and cause irritation. In addition to itchiness, other symptoms of irritation from something in the eye include:

    • Blinking a lot more than usual to try and get rid of what’s in the eye
    • Eye pain
    • Tearing

    Rare Causes

    There are a few uncommon causes of itchy eyes.

    Broken Blood Vessel

    A broken blood vessel in the eye may look scary, but it usually is not serious. A broken vessel in the eye causes blood to pool beneath the clear area covering the white part of your eye. The bleeding is called a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

    You can see the blood, and sometimes it will spread around the eye. You may have no other symptoms from a broken blood vessel in the eye aside from the blood that appears and usually clears up within two weeks. Other times, you may experience itchiness or feel like something is bothering your eyelid.

    Uveitis

    The eye’s middle layer is called the uvea. Diseases that affect the uvea are referred to as uveitis. Uveitis can affect one or both eyes. Without treatment, uveitis can cause vision loss or blindness.

    Symptoms of uveitis, in addition to itchiness of the eyes, include:

    • Blurred vision
    • Eye pain
    • Red eyes
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Shapes in your field of vision called floaters
    • Vision loss

    Dacryocystitis

    When tears leave your eyes, they exit through an area called the lacrimal sac, located in the inner corner of your eye close to your nose. Dacryocystitis refers to an infection in the lacrimal sac.

    Symptoms of dacryocystitis, in addition to itchiness, include:

    • Pain in the inner corner of the eye
    • Redness
    • Swelling in or near the inner corner of the eye
    • Tearing and discharge

    Dacryocystitis can develop quickly, or it can be a chronic problem.

    Treatment for Itchy Eyes

    Although the treatment for itchy eyes will vary depending on the cause, there are some general recommendations. Here is more information on treatment for itchy eyes.

    Avoid Rubbing Your Itchy Eyes

    As tempting as it may be, you should avoid rubbing your itchy eyes. Here are a few reasons why:

    • If you have eye allergies, rubbing can release more histamine, which is a chemical released by cells in the body that is associated with an allergic reaction. When you rub your eyes, you could cause them to feel even itchier and more irritated.
    • You could mistakenly scratch your cornea with a fingernail. This could require medical attention.
    • Too much eye rubbing can lead to a condition called keratoconus, which causes blurry vision, double vision, and astigmatism (an irregular curvature of the eye).
    • As reiterated during the COVID-19 pandemic, you should avoid touching your face (including your eyes) so you don’t transmit germs.

    Home Remedies and Lifestyle

    Try some of these solutions:

    • Avoid what causes your itchy eyes. If allergies are what provoke your itchiness, then try to avoid your allergy triggers. If pollen causes an eye allergy flare, try to avoid going outdoors during mid-morning or early evening, when pollen counts tend to be highest.
    • Follow any instructions from your eye doctor on how to clean and store your contact lenses. Poor contact lens hygiene can make your lenses more irritating and can lead to an infection.
    • Cleanse your eyelids if you have blepharitis. Daily cleaning of your eyelids with water and baby shampoo can help to treat blepharitis.
    • Use a cold compress. This simple remedy can easily soothe itchy eyes. Immerse a clean washcloth in cool water, and place it over your eyes. Relax for 10 minutes. Reapply as needed.
    • Rest your eyes every 20 minutes if you are focusing on something intently, such as reading or using the computer. When you take a break, focus on an object that is at least 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

    Over-the-Counter Medications

    Artificial tears can help soothe eyes that feel itchy due to dry eye or contact lens irritation. The tears also may help remove allergens from the eye.

    Allergy eye drops with an antihistamine such as ketotifen or an antihistamine/decongestant such as naphazoline/pheniramine can help relieve itchiness caused by eye allergies. Make sure to follow any manufacturer recommendations on how often you can use these types of drops.

    If your eyes are red, you may turn to anti-redness eye drops such as those with tetrahydrozoline, which makes the blood vessels on the eye’s surface smaller so your eyes appear less red. These drops may or may not help your itchiness, but they will help the redness associated with many of the causes of eye itchiness.

    If you choose to use anti-redness drops, do so only occasionally. That’s because using them too often can cause you to over-rely on the drops, leaving your eyes redder in the long run.

    Prescription Medications

    Some prescription medications for itchy eyes include:

    • Antibiotic eye drops used for bacterial eye infections and blepharitis
    • Combination antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer eye drops such as olopatadine to help relieve eye allergies
    • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) eye drops to help relieve itching
    • Oral antibiotics for dacryocystitis
    • Steroid eye drops to treat dry eye, seasonal allergies, certain types of eye infections, and uveitis

    When to See a Doctor for Itchy Eyes

    Occasional eye itchiness is normal. If you have itchy eyes that are red, painful, or have discharge, see an eye doctor. If you have a bacterial infection, you’ll need to use prescription antibiotic eye drops.

    If your itchy eyes are due to dry eye, allergies, or a more chronic problem, an eye doctor can help pinpoint the cause and explain various treatments.

    A Word From Verywell

    Itchy eyes can be irritating and can have many potential causes. It’s best to figure out what’s causing your itchy eyes so you can soothe them and feel better more quickly.

    Itchy Eyes And Contact Lenses: What To Do When The Itch Won’t Stop – American Eyecare

    Do your contact lenses spend more time in their case than in your eyes? Itching and redness, common complaints among contact lens wearers, can make it difficult to wear the lenses for more than an hour or two. The uncomfortable symptoms often occur as a result of allergies, but may develop due to other reasons. Identifying the source of your itch is the key to finding relief.

    Allergies
    Allergies are a common cause of itchy eyes. In fact, it’s estimated that almost half of the world’s population is affected by some sort of allergy every year, according to the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. If your itchy eyes are accompanied by sneezing and congestion, allergies may be to blame.

    When you’re exposed to allergens, such as pollen, grasses or pet dander, your body immediately switches to defensive mode in an attempt to get rid of the foreign substance. Although these allergens aren’t dangerous, your body doesn’t see it that way. It produces histamines, chemicals that trigger allergic responses designed to eliminate allergens as soon as possible. As histamines flood your body, your eyes water and itch. Your symptoms can be worse when you wear your contacts, as the lenses may trap allergens.

    Allergies to contact lens cleaning solutions and the lenses themselves may also cause itching. Keep in mind that allergies can develop at any point in your life. Just because you’ve never had allergies in the past doesn’t mean that they aren’t the cause of your itchy eyes.

    Contact Dermatitis
    Sometimes itching occurs after you come in direct contact with an allergen or irritant. For example, makeup and other products you wear on your face can cause contact dermatitis. If you suffer from this condition, you’ll develop an itchy rash where your skin touched the allergen or irritant.

    Dry Eye
    Dry eyes are another common cause of itching. Other symptoms of dry eye include tearing, burning or the feeling that something is stuck in your eye, even though it looks perfectly fine.

    Blepharitis
    Blepharitis, or eyelid inflammation, often accompanies dry eye, but can also occur on its own. If you have blepharitis, you may notice crusty deposits or dandruff-like flakes on your eyelids, in addition to itchy eyelids, watery eyes, burning, stinging and a foreign body sensation.

    Contact Lens-Induced Conjunctivitis
    Contact lens-induced conjunctivitis, also called giant papillary conjunctivitis, causes small bumps to form on the inner surface of your eyelids. The bumps develop when contact lenses or allergens irritate the lining of eyelids. Failing to clean your lenses often enough can cause the condition, but it may also occur if protein deposits build up on the lenses. Contact lens-induced conjunctivitis causes itching, redness, blurred vision and foreign body sensation. You may also notice an accumulation of string-like strands of mucus.

    Try These Tips to Reduce Itching
    Luckily, there are a few things you can do to reduce or stop itching and other unpleasant symptoms, including:

    • Clean Your Lenses Frequently: During allergy season, you’ll need to clean your lenses more often to remove allergens.
    • Take Your Allergy Medication: Allergy medication prevents histamines from causing itching and other allergy symptoms. Taking the medication on a daily basis during allergy season can help you avoid itchy eyes.
    • Use Artificial Tears: Artificial tears can help combat dry eye. Look for products that are safe to use with contact lenses.
    • Change Your Solution: Relieving itching may be as simple as switching to a hypoallergenic solution.
    • Try Compresses: Warm compresses will soothe your itchy eyes and help remove crusts caused by blepharitis.
    • Wear Your Glasses: If you continue to wear your lenses when your eyes are itchy and uncomfortable, the problem may worsen. Wearing your glasses for a few days will give your eyes the rest they need.
    • Don’t Rub: Although rubbing your eyes may make them feel a little better momentarily, rubbing can increase irritation and actually prolong the problem.
    • Call Your Optometrist: If the itching just won’t stop, pay a visit to your optometrist. In some cases, trying a different type of contact lenses can help reduce itching. If you suffer from dry eye, switching to hydrogel lens that retain more moisture may be a good idea. When itching is caused by allergy or protein deposits, wearing daily wear lenses may be a better idea. If you have contact lens-induced conjunctivitis, topical anti-histamines, mast cell stabilizers and corticosteroids can reduce inflammation in your eyes.

    Are you tired of living with itchy eyes? We offer treatments that can provide relief. Call us today to schedule your appointment.

    Sources:
    AAAAI: Allergy Statistics
    http://www.aaaai.org/about-aaaai/newsroom/allergy-statistics

    American Academy of Ophthalmology: The Itchy Eye: Diagnosis, Management of Ocular Pruritis, 2/10
    https://www.aao.org/eyenet/article/itchy-eye-diagnosis-management-of-ocular-pruritis?february-2010

    AllAboutVision.com: Remedies for Contact Lens Discomfort, 9/16
    http://www.allaboutvision.com/contacts/cld-remedies.htm

    Medscape: Contact Lenses and Allergy, 8/08
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/583607_5

    Cleveland Clinic: Are You Allergic to Your Contact Lenses or Solution?, 12/8/16
    https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2016/12/allergic-contact-lenses-solution/

    90,000 Treatment of itchy eyes

    Contents

    Itchy eyes occurs in almost all pathologies affecting the organs of vision. It can be a symptom of a serious ophthalmic disease, a manifestation of an allergy, a reaction to a speck on the mucous membrane, a consequence of a long stay in front of a monitor screen.

    If the eyes are constantly itchy and itchy, the patient needs an ophthalmologist’s consultation with an examination.

    Associated symptoms

    Itching can manifest itself in different forms. In some patients, the eyes itch a little, in others there is a strong burning sensation, which is accompanied by pain, discomfort and other characteristic signs.

    Itching with redness

    In almost all cases, itching in the eyes is accompanied by reddening of the surface of the proteins or eyelids. The appearance of redness can inform the doctor about the presence of an allergic reaction, the development of an ophthalmic disease.

    For pruritus with reddening of the cornea, the patient is usually diagnosed with conjunctivitis. The disease is accompanied by increased sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and a feeling of sand in the eyes. The skin around the eyes begins to redden. Mucous discharge appears on the eyelids, which dry up and remain in the form of crusts.

    With allergic conjunctivitis, the mucous membrane turns red, a runny nose may develop. Symptoms occur when allergens enter the body.

    Itching with edema

    Edema around the eyes is a characteristic symptom of an allergic reaction.For example, if itching and swelling are common and are caused by certain foods, the patient needs to completely rethink their diet.

    Itching with peeling

    Skin peeling can inform the doctor if the patient has demodicosis. This is a disease in which the sebaceous glands are affected by a tick.

    The skin turns red around the eyes, around the lips, on the chin. Symptoms become more pronounced with computer work.

    Itching in the eyes and ears

    If the eyes itch, discomfort in the ears is present, the patient should be checked for microscopic mites.

    About 80% of people face them. Most of the time ticks spend in a passive mode and do not bother a person. Their activity begins with a weakening of immunity, the appearance of other diseases.

    Itching with dryness

    Drying of the mucous membrane may indicate dry eye syndrome. It is usually accompanied by itching, burning, fear of light and rapid fatigue of the patient. Sometimes there are crusts in the corner, slight redness of the conjunctiva. The eye begins to ache.

    Feeling of dryness worsens in sunny or windy weather, diminishes in humid and warm air.

    Itching with runny nose

    With a cold, redness of the mucous membrane is common. Sometimes there is discharge from the eyes: at first it is transparent, gradually pus is added to it. Swelling of the nasal mucosa with dark circles around the eyes indicates an infection.

    Itching in the ears, eyes, throat and palate is a symptom of mucosal inflammation or allergic rhinitis.

    Severe itching

    Very severe itching in the eyes is caused by various ophthalmic diseases, such as keratoconjunctivitis. It affects the conjunctiva of the eyelid and the eyeball. It is accompanied by hard and dense growths on the eyelids, most often on the upper ones. In addition, photophobia, lacrimation, and viscous discharge may be present.

    With pathology of the conjunctiva, the cornea becomes gray and hypertrophied, there is pain caused by damage to the epithelium.

    Localization of itching

    Symptoms and causes can be classified according to their location.

    In the area of ​​the century

    The main reason is hyperemia caused by eye irritation upon contact with household chemicals, dust, pet hair. Itchy eyelids may appear after eating certain foods, such as chocolate. In this case, the doctor may refer the patient to an allergen test.

    Women may experience itching due to low-quality cosmetics that contain prohibited ingredients.Getting on the skin of the eyelids, eyelashes or mucous membranes, they cause irritation and itching.

    In the corner of the century

    Occurs due to the activity of bacteria or viruses. Redness of the eyes appears, increased lacrimation begins, a burning sensation in the corner of the eyelid. Root reasons:

    • barley;
    • allergy;
    • microtrauma or foreign body ingress;
    • 90,077 exposure to chemicals;

    • Excessive use of contact lenses.

    In rare cases, only the skin in the corner of the eye itches and hurts.This may indicate the development of conjunctivitis. However, most often with this disease, unpleasant sensations immediately affect the entire mucous membrane and eyelids.

    Under the eyes

    Demodecosis and blepharitis lead to itching in this area. Demodectic mange is caused by a mite that lives in the eyebrows and eyelashes. Blepharitis is a bacterial lesion affecting the edges of the eyelids that requires long-term painstaking treatment. Expressed discomfort occurs with a sebaceous gland cyst.

    Edema may appear under the eyes.In this case, the cause of the itching is an allergic reaction.

    Around the eyes

    Causes are often caused by external factors. Due to the activity of snow or wind, the skin dries up, cracks appear on it.

    Itching around the eyes causes allergic dermatitis, which occurs when using low-quality cosmetics or inappropriate medications. Other causes include blepharitis, herpes, or an insect bite.

    Pathogenic causes

    This group includes pathologies caused by weak immunity, allergies, bacterial or viral infections, parasites.

    Allergic reaction

    The body’s response to allergens that irritate the mucous membrane. Most often it occurs in the spring, when plants begin to bloom, and a huge amount of allergens gets into the air. Because of them, the eyes begin to dry and itch from the inside. Certain foods can cause a reaction: milk, eggs, chocolate, citrus fruits, pomegranates or strawberries.

    Taking some medications also leads to allergy symptoms. These include antibiotics, vitamin complexes and preparations containing iodine.In women, allergies can be caused by improperly selected cosmetics.

    Allergy diagnostics is carried out using a series of laboratory tests that can accurately determine the cause of the discomfort. After that, the doctor selects antihistamines.

    To prevent itching, you can rinse your eyes with special drops several times a day. This reduces contact of the mucous membrane with allergens.

    Conjunctivitis

    Inflammation of the mucous membrane, which is based on an allergy or infection.The infectious form is usually caused by viruses or bacteria, very rarely a fungus. The disease can be transmitted from person to person by contact.

    With conjunctivitis, itching is the first sign at which you need to see a doctor for treatment. During therapy, local antiviral or antibacterial drugs are used in the form of eye drops or ointments.

    Blepharitis

    Inflammation of the eyelids caused by anemia, diseases of the digestive system, diabetes mellitus, infection and other pathologies.As blepharitis develops, the refractive function of the eyes deteriorates, which causes concomitant pathologies, such as hyperopia, to appear. The patient has a desire to scratch the eyelids, swelling forms.

    The disease is accompanied by the formation of small scales or ulcers along the edges of the eyelids. Treatment of blepharitis takes a long time and, in addition to getting rid of the symptoms, includes eliminating the causes of its development.

    Demodecosis

    Skin lesion with a parasitic mite demodex. The activity of the parasite leads to the fact that itching appears from the inside, the eye hurts and itches.The main method of treatment involves the use of gels or ointments that reduce the activity of the parasite.

    SSG – dry eye syndrome

    Causes dryness and swelling of the mucous membrane, itching sensation. It seems to the patient that sand has got under the eyelids, which is why he often begins to rub his eyes, exacerbating the condition. Lack of production of tear fluid leads to the appearance of the syndrome.

    Dry eye syndrome is usually experienced by the elderly – they manifest it 65-70% more often than in younger patients.Recently, the problem has been encountered in office workers who spend a lot of time in front of a monitor screen in a dry air office. The syndrome is also caused by chemical or thermal burns, adenoviruses.

    Barley

    Purulent inflammation of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid or eyelash follicle. Develops against the background of reduced immunity, with severe hypothermia, frequent stress.

    The infection enters the gland or hair follicle, after which the formation of pus and inflammation begins.First, a small itchy spot appears on the edge of the eyelid, painful to touch. Gradually, the tissues around it swell, redness appears, and the head of the abscess forms. After opening it, pus and dead tissue are released.

    To treat barley and reduce itching, the doctor selects antibacterial ointments and drops, prescribes therapy to strengthen the immune system.

    Non-pathogenic causes

    These are reasons that are caused by external factors, for example, environmental features or incorrect actions of the patient.

    Swimming in ponds

    This is a common cause of infection by viruses, bacteria and mites. Their activity causes itching in the corners of the eyes, under the eyelids or on them. Most often, diseases develop in the summer months, when microscopic algae begin to actively multiply in the water. When in contact with the eyes, they cause a number of unpleasant symptoms.

    The reaction can also start when swimming in the pool. Chlorinated water negatively affects the condition of the mucous membrane, causing itching.

    Ultraviolet burns

    Strong ultraviolet radiation can provoke pain and itching. It can be encountered when visiting a solarium without protective glasses, when observing the sun. Retinal burns can cause a process of electric welding, which uses a powerful light flux.

    Blockage of the tear duct

    Burning and itching in the eyes often appear when the lacrimal ducts are blocked by particles of burning or fine dust.

    There is a simple way to deal with the blockage: it is enough to clamp the points at the inner corners of the eyes for a few seconds.Usually, after this, tears begin to flow, clearing the tear ducts. If this does not happen, you need to see a doctor.

    Which doctor treats itching?

    Pathology is within the competence of an ophthalmologist (ophthalmologist). He conducts an initial examination and makes a preliminary diagnosis. The patient may need the help of doctors of other specialties, for example, an allergist, endocrinologist, gastroenterologist and others. In this case, treatment will be prescribed not only to get rid of the symptoms, but also to eliminate the underlying disease.

    Diagnostics

    At the consultation, the doctor examines the patient’s complaints and collects his medical history, conducts a physical examination. He selects diagnostic methods to determine what the eyelids and the area around the eyes itch from. These include:

    • Clinical blood test
    • Analysis for allergy tests
    • Microscopic analysis of eyelashes
    • Bacteriological analysis of eyelid scrapings

    If the cause of itching lies in a systemic disease, the doctor may prescribe additional diagnostic procedures.They will help you find out why your eyes itch, how to eliminate the risk of re-emergence of symptoms.

    Treatment of itchy eyes

    Cold or warm compresses can be applied if itching occurs. They soften tough crusts on the eyelids and reduce the appearance of edema. You can only touch your eyes with previously washed hands!

    The doctor selects special drops and ointments to eliminate itching and other symptoms. They moisturize the mucous membrane, reduce irritation and inflammation.Ointments may contain a broad spectrum antibiotic that is effective in fighting infection. It relieves inflammation and irritation. Eye drops like Gilan work well.

    If discomfort is caused by a systemic disease, the doctor determines how to get rid of itchy eyes with the help of drug therapy, prescribes medications to relieve symptoms.

    Eye drops

    A good choice is eye drops, which are aimed at getting rid of the main signs of ophthalmic diseases.

    Drops are suitable for the treatment of acute and chronic inflammation, prevention of eye diseases. They relieve irritation, eliminate itching and redness. They can have anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects. They are often used to improve the condition of the eyes after injuries, surgery, and infectious pathology.

    Note the drops of Gilan. They contain hyaluronic acid, which has a long-lasting and pronounced moisturizing effect. It facilitates the patient’s condition with frequent staying behind the monitor screen, while driving.The drug can be used by children and pregnant women.

    The use of antibiotics is permissible only after a doctor’s prescription! Prolonged uncontrolled use of the formulations can lead to lens opacity, glaucoma, or dry eye syndrome. Before starting treatment, you need to find out why the eye itches.

    How to eliminate itching yourself?

    First of all, you should determine why the skin around the eyes and eyelids is constantly itching. If the cause is not related to a serious medical condition, home treatments can be used.

    What is recommended to do in case of severe itching in the eyes?

    Rest your eyes first. To do this, you need to take off your lenses or glasses, wash off your makeup, turn off your computer and TV. You can cover your eyelids with your palms for a few minutes, look at a distant point.

    If your eyes itch badly, it is advisable to rinse them with boiled water or saline solution, strong tea or herbal decoction. It is better to keep on hand drops to moisturize the mucous membrane, which can be purchased at any pharmacy.

    If itching is caused by an allergy, antihistamines can help relieve the condition. To speed up the process, you can use eye drops that moisturize the mucous membrane and relieve irritation.

    Some simple exercises
    1. When fatigue appears, close your eyes tightly for 3 seconds.
    2. Blink frequently for 30 seconds.
    3. Roll your eyes in a circle for 20 seconds.
    4. Close your eyes, cover them tightly with your palms for 5 seconds.

    Prevention

    • Regular hand washing. Many people have a habit of rubbing their eyes, so it is best to eliminate the risk of infection on the surface of the cornea beforehand.
    • Wearing sunglasses in sunny weather. They will protect the mucous membrane from ultraviolet radiation.
    • Using computer glasses. They relieve eye strain when working at a computer.
    • Regular warm-up. Improves the well-being of the eyes, helps them relax.
    • Minimal contact with allergens.

    Itching during pregnancy

    Discomfort can be caused by standard causes or hormonal disruption. It is necessary to see a doctor so that he can determine the exact cause and select the right drugs. Gilan drops can be used to relieve symptoms.

    Itching in the eyes of a child

    With itching of the eyelids, the child begins to actively rub his eyes, is more capricious.

    At an early age, a foreign body or allergy causes discomfort.If you get a speck, you can rinse the eyeball with tea leaves. In other cases, you will need to consult a doctor who will help you find out why the eye often itches, how to treat the cause of its appearance.

    90,000 What to do if your eyes itch

    Before taking any action to eliminate itching, you need to find out why it happened. The reason why the eye itches, or both, can be both local and general.

    Most common reasons:

    1.The ingress of foreign bodies – dust, debris, small insects, even improperly selected lenses can act in this capacity. With the disappearance of the irritant from the eye, the itching gradually disappears;
    2. Eye burns from ultraviolet radiation – often a factor causing itching and pain in the eyes is ultraviolet radiation. It is possible to harm your eyes not only on a beach holiday – the reflected sunlight from the glaring surface of the water is enough. In addition, it is possible to get a burn of the retina and cornea not only in summer, but also in winter, when freshly fallen pure snow on the street reflects light ten times more than normal;
    3.Swimming in untested open water or poorly cleaned pools – Swimming in chlorinated water can cause itchy eyes. Disease-causing forms of eyelid lesions often occur from swimming in open water, especially in the hot summer months in conditions of water bloom, when it acquires a greenish tint from actively multiplying algae. And together with them, chlamydiae feel great. Particularly rapid development of such microflora is observed in stagnant water bodies: ponds, lakes, especially small ones, where amphibians live with fish.
    4. Allergic reaction – anything can act as an allergen: tobacco smoke, pollen, unsuitable mascara, pet hair, window cleaner, etc. The diagnosis of “allergy” can be made if the eyes not only itch, but also watery, plus rhinitis is observed. With allergies, the eyes swell, turn red, open painfully, photophobia begins;
    5. DES or dry eye syndrome – this phenomenon is observed in many who are associated with prolonged sitting at a computer screen or laptop.Elderly people suffer from dry eye syndrome due to dysfunction of the lacrimal glands, which is exacerbated if a person is in an excessively dry or smoky room. You can get rid of unpleasant sensations using drugs with an artificial tear, periodically airing the working room by conducting gymnastics sessions for the eyes;

    Important! A simple exercise often helps to cope with the syndrome – close your eyelids and relax, make five circular movements with your eyes clockwise and five counterclockwise.Repeat three to five times.

    6. Blockage of the lacrimal duct – a burning sensation in the eyes and their dryness can result from blockage of the lacrimal ducts, caused by the ingress of fine dust or burnt particles into the eyes during prolonged smoke of the atmosphere. To relieve unpleasant symptoms, try using clean fingers for a few seconds to press the points located at the inner corners of the eyes closer to the bridge of the nose. And only if this does not help, and the tears do not start to flow, you need to see a doctor;
    7.Unsuitable lenses or improper wearing – in this case, it will help to remove the lenses and rinse the eyes with running water, if after a few hours the irritation has passed, and when the lenses are reused, the situation repeats, then you need to consult an ophthalmologist to check the organs of vision and, possibly, for selection new contact lenses;
    8. Infectious Diseases:
    a. Conjunctivitis – it can be caused by fungi, viruses and bacteria – of the latter, infection with chlamydia is the most unpleasant.Therefore, it is defined as a polyetiological lesion of the mucous membranes of the sclera and the inner surface of the eyelids. Most often one eye is affected, only then the inflammation of the conjunctiva passes to the second, most often this happens after the diseased organ has been touched with hands, and then the healthy one is rubbed, after which the pathogenic microflora gets there.
    b. Blepharitis is a disease similar to conjunctivitis, but more characteristic of inflammation of the entire thickness of the eyelids, especially in the area of ​​the ciliary edge.The allergic form of blepharitis can appear from exposure to animal hair, cosmetics incompatible with skin type or even blood group, exposure to plant pollen, drugs and hygiene products. Therefore, during treatment, it is often necessary to consult an ENT specialist, dentist, dermatologist and even an endocrinologist.
    c. Barley is a purulent inflammation near the ciliary bulb or sebaceous sac of Zeiss. The symptoms of the disease are as follows: the edges of the eyelids become inflamed and swollen, redden and deliver painful sensations when combing.In the vast majority of cases, barley is caused by Staphylococcus aureus, which is characteristic of an organism weakened by colds with a weak immune system. Dry, heated to 40-45 degrees, compresses help well.

    What to do if your eyes itch

    1. First of all, give your eyes a rest! Temporarily exclude from your schedule long work at a computer or with a smartphone and watching TV;
    2. If you are sure of the origin of eye irritation, then stop contact with the pathogen;
    3.If there are no special medicines or preventive eye drops available, you need to make lotions using cosmetic sponges soaked in strong black tea and keep for 10-15 minutes;
    4. You can use fresh chamomile broth prepared in a water bath. Chamomile can be either flower or pharmacy;
    5. Putting tampons soaked with fresh calendula to the eye sockets will also help relieve irritation.
    6. If itching is caused by dryness of the mucous membrane and skin around the eyes, slices of fresh cucumber, which should be applied for 30 minutes, 2 times a day, will help.

    Important! Folk remedies may help if the itching is not caused by bacteria or viruses. Before the procedure, you need to wash your hands with soap and strain the liquid well so that it does not contain foreign particles.

    To prevent itchy eyes you need:

    • Wear sun goggles on high UV index days;
    • Wear special protective glasses when working at a computer, if most of the time is associated with using it;
    • Perform special eye exercises to prevent stress;
    • Use only high-quality, proven cosmetics;
    • From hygiene products, use clean personal towels or disposable napkins;
    • During the course of the disease, it is necessary to exclude the use of all cosmetics;
    • To improve immunity, to be outdoors more often.

    Experts do not recommend condescending to the above symptoms. This is not a reason for panic, but a timely appeal to the clinic, especially if folk remedies have not helped, will greatly simplify further treatment and get rid of discomfort.

    What causes itching in the eyes and what drops help to eliminate it?

    Itchy, itchy eyes with a variety of ophthalmic pathologies. Moreover, this symptom sometimes signals a systemic disease.In some cases, itching in the eyes is not dangerous when it is caused by external factors affecting the mucous membrane or cornea. We will find out what contributes to the occurrence of itching in the eyes, the causes and methods of treating the disease.

    Many ophthalmic ailments of a bacterial, infectious, inflammatory nature are accompanied by such a symptom as itching in the eyes. Sometimes it becomes the cause of mechanical trauma to the eyeball, dust, cosmetics and other foreign bodies getting on the corneal or mucous membrane.Eyes can itch with various systemic pathologies. Thus, there are three groups of causes that are responsible for this common symptom. Let’s consider them in more detail and find out the signs of various eye pathologies in which the eyes itch. This will make it easier to distinguish one ailment from another and to understand the cause of its occurrence.

    Itchy eyes: non-pathological reasons

    To begin with, it is worth listing the factors that are not related to diseases. They are usually associated with the external environment.

    These exogenous causes of itchy eyes include:

    • Wearing optics, spectacles and contact lenses that are not fitted correctly or are used in the wrong way;
    • ingress of particles of dirt, dust, chemical compounds, tobacco smoke on the outer surface of the eye;
    • continuous work at the computer monitor without interruption;
    • prolonged stay in rooms where there is a lot of dust or the air is too dry;
    • chronic lack of sleep;
    • Eye exposure to a bright light source.

    In order to eliminate itching in the eyes, it is necessary to protect them from the main irritant. In other words, it is necessary to work in ventilated areas, glasses and contact lenses should be selected only with an optometrist, and not independently. While working on your computer, take breaks and do eye exercises to help relax your eye muscles. If a foreign body gets on the surface of the eyeball that does not injure the upper epithelial tissues, you just need to remove it from the eye with a handkerchief and water.All of the above reasons of an endogenous nature often do not lead to the development of diseases. Of course, if you wear the wrong glasses for a long time, most likely your vision will deteriorate even more. However, a single exposure to all of these factors on the eye does not pose a serious hazard.

    What ophthalmic pathologies cause itching in the eyes?

    Eye diseases – this is the second group of causes that provoke itching in the eyes. This symptom is typical for the following ophthalmic ailments:

    • dry eye syndrome;
    • blepharitis;
    • conjunctivitis;
    • eye allergy;
    • trachoma;
    • barley;
    • eyelid demodicosis;
    • glaucoma;
    • cataract.

    All these pathologies are quite serious and they take a long time to heal.

    Some of them can cause a severe decrease in visual functions up to complete blindness of the irreversible type. How to distinguish one disease from another? Should you panic if your eyes itch? To answer these questions, you need to know what other symptoms accompany all these diseases.

    Itching with dry eye syndrome

    The syndrome occurs when there is insufficient production of tear fluid.At the present time, when electronic devices of various types are widespread, and the ecological situation is also greatly deteriorating, the dry eye syndrome is diagnosed in almost every fifth person. It is treated quite simply with the help of eye drops. However, even timely treatment will not be able to get rid of the disease forever. Having appeared once, he subsequently takes on a latent form and, in the absence of prophylaxis, relapses.

    The eye surface must always be moist.It is covered with a protective film, the thickness of which does not exceed one tenth of a millimeter. The protective film breaks, but reappears as a result of blinking. With increased dryness in the eyes, tears occur more often than in a healthy person, and the film is not completely restored. Because of this, the person is disturbed by the following symptoms:

    • the presence of “sand” on the cornea and under the eyelids;
    • itching, burning, pain in the eyes;
    • increased lacrimation;
    • rapid eye fatigue;
    • blurred vision.

    Symptoms are more likely to appear with visual stress.

    What eye drops do I help with dry eye syndrome?

    At the very beginning of the development of the disease, its symptoms, including itching in the eyes, can be eliminated with drops that restore the tear film. In some cases, the use of bacterial preparations may be required. Consultation with an ophthalmologist when choosing any drops is required. The most famous drugs of the first type are:

    • Okutiars.Drops contain components of natural human tears and sodium hyaluronate, which is similar to it in terms of hydrogen index. This drug quickly relieves itching, burning, eye fatigue and other symptoms of the syndrome. Drops should be instilled immediately when they appear.
    • “Cationorm” – drops from itchy eyes and dryness, used in the morning. After sleep, the cornea may experience dryness, since the eyes are closed at night, therefore, the access to them of oxygen is slightly limited. The medicine instantly restores the tear film, which is why all the symptoms of pathology disappear after a couple of minutes.

    Both tear substitutes are preservative free. They do not provoke allergies and have no side effects. You can bury them several times a day. However, this does not mean that it is safe to take them without first visiting an ophthalmologist’s office. In addition, he can prescribe antibacterial drops, which will have to be instilled for at least 7 days.

    Itching in the eyes and blepharitis

    Itchy eyes also with inflammation affecting the edges of the eyelids. Blepharitis occurs as a result of pathogenic microorganisms entering the eyelid skin.

    Sometimes it becomes a concomitant disease of any systemic pathology that weakens the immune system. There are two groups of blepharitis symptoms. The primary signs are:

    • asthenopia;
    • Increased sensitivity of the eyes to wind, sun and other similar external stimuli;
    • redness, itching and swelling of the eyelids;
    • blurred image;
    • Lacrimal fluid formed in large quantities;
    • Purulent discharge that sticks together the eyelids in the morning.

    If left untreated, symptoms worsen. Secondary signs of pathology appear, which are associated with circulatory disorders:

    • photophobia;
    • diplopia;
    • Foaming eye discharge;
    • eyelash loss;
    • formation of crusts on the edges of the eyelids.

    Blepharitis is a group of ophthalmic ailments accompanied by inflammation of the eyelid margins. There are scaly, meimobian, allergic, acne types of this disease.Each of them is characterized by itchy eyes.

    Is blepharitis treated with itchy eye drops?

    Treatment of blepharitis is conservative and takes a long time. The patient is prescribed medications in the form of eye drops, ointments and gels, physiotherapy procedures, and eye compresses. Often, with inflammation of the eyelids, the patient has to instill drops such as “Ciprofloxacin” and “Ofloxacin” into the eyes. They have antimicrobial activity.

    Blepharitis cannot be started.This disease quickly turns into a chronic form. Moreover, inflammation of the eyelids can lead to the development of other eye diseases: barley, keratitis, eyelid deformities, trichiasis.

    Conjunctivitis and itching in the eyes: causes, treatment

    Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of a polyetiological nature that spreads to the mucous membrane of the eye. The polyetiological nature means the multiplicity of reasons that can provoke it. Conjunctivitis is classified for many reasons.It can be allergic, chronic, purulent, catarrhal, viral, fungal. Accordingly, the symptomatology of such a pathology is quite extensive. People with conjunctivitis of any form may complain of:

    • swelling, redness of the eyelids;
    • discharge of pus and mucus from the eyes;
    • burning, itching in the eyes;
    • profuse lacrimation;
    • a feeling of fear of bright light, which causes blepharospasm;
    • gluing eyelids in the morning;
    • decrease in visual acuity.

    Some forms of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye are accompanied by headache, fever, cough, weakness, muscle pain. Perhaps itching in the eyes is one symptom that is characteristic of any conjunctivitis. Treatment for this disease is determined by its etiology. However, in all cases, eye drops are used. If conjunctivitis has an allergic basis, antiallergenic (“Zirtek”) and antihistamines (“Allergophthal”) drugs are prescribed. The viral form of the disease is treated with antibacterial drops.Antiallergenic drugs are prescribed when swelling and irritation does not subside. If your eyes itch, the drops help to eliminate itching and prevent other microbes from entering the mucous membrane.

    Some types of conjunctivitis cannot be completely cured. It takes a latent form and does not bother a person until a certain time. This happens, for example, with allergic inflammations, which are seasonal. It is necessary to treat pathology in each case at an early stage.If started, it can lead to the development of blepharitis, scarring of the eyelids and cornea.

    Eye allergy: causes and treatment

    Eye allergy is a fairly broad concept, and not just a specific disease. An allergic reaction can directly affect the structures of the eyeball or eyelids. Depending on this, there are many types of allergies that develop in the eyes. In most cases, stimuli affect the connective membrane (conjunctiva).Therefore, eye allergies are often considered as one of the varieties of the previously described ailment – conjunctivitis. Its treatment is based on the use of ophthalmic drops. There are several types of drugs prescribed for the development of an allergic reaction in the eyes:

    • antiallergic drops (“Allergodil”), which reduce the effect of allergens on the eyes;
    • Membrane stabilizing agents (Opticorm, Kromohexal) that prevent the release of histamine, which provokes irritation and other allergy symptoms;
    • relieving itching (“Vizin”, “Octilia”, “Naphtizin”), which are prescribed if the eyes itch.These drugs quickly relieve itching, swelling, redness.

    The most important thing for allergies is to eliminate contact with the irritant. If it is unknown, the drops help to cope with the signs of the disease. It will be possible to cure it only when the allergen is known.

    Trachoma and itchy eyes: causes, treatment

    Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by chlamydia. Getting into the eyes, they affect the connective and cornea. The pathology is chronic.Initially, it develops rather slowly. The patient’s eyes turn red, watery and itch. Scar tissue may subsequently form. If you start treating the disease on time, it will not cause much harm. However, this ailment has one peculiarity. At some point, he can go into a progressive form, and this is fraught with a severe deterioration in vision, up to its complete loss.

    Bacteria from the chlamydia family, once in a living organism, begin to parasitize inside its cells.Such infections are transmitted in a contact-household way. A person can accidentally bring bacteria to the mucous membrane of the eyes with dirty hands. Doctors do not exclude the possibility of the transfer of these microbes by insects, for example, flies. Chlamydia can be in the body, not showing their presence in any way until favorable conditions come for this. When a person is sick, his immune system is vulnerable, bacteria begin to attack. Even after the infection has been cured, the body does not become immune from it, since it does not develop immunity against these microorganisms.The likelihood of a relapse is very high.

    What symptoms, besides itching in the eyes, are there in trachoma?

    Three main symptoms of the disease have already been named: redness of the eyes, itching, lacrimation. The patient also develops photophobia. Being in the sun without glasses or in rooms with bright light is very uncomfortable. On the cornea and conjunctiva, the tissue becomes denser. Follicles are formed on the connective membrane – small vesicles that increase in size and burst, resulting in scars.Because of this, vision is rapidly declining. Pathology develops faster if a person suffers from some other disease: tuberculosis, malaria.

    Trachoma is treated on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on the stage. On the first and second follicles are removed with tweezers. The third and fourth stages are treated permanently. The patient has to lie in the infectious diseases ward of the hospital. With trachoma, antibacterial agents and sulfonamides are prescribed – antimicrobial agents.If trachoma causes a volvulus of the eyelid, plastic surgery may be required. Sometimes it becomes necessary to transplant conjunctival tissue from the oral cavity.

    Lack of treatment will inevitably lead to visual impairment. Also, the patient may stop growing eyelashes. Ulcers appear on the cornea in severe forms of trachoma. The eyelids can curl into the eye – entropion develops. All this greatly affects the visual ability. With an unfavorable course of the disease, it is possible that the patient will go blind.

    Barley on the eye – which drops relieve itching?

    Barley, called hordeolum in ophthalmology, is an inflammation of the hair follicles of the eyelashes, meibomian glands or Zeiss sebaceous gland. The hair follicles and sebaceous glands of Zeiss are located outside the eyelid, and the meibomian gland is located inside. By localization, barley is divided into internal and external. It develops after getting staphylococcus on the specified structures of the eyelid. A healthy person with strong immunity may not be afraid of the development of the disease.The body will cope with the microbe. In order for bacteria to begin to spread, appropriate conditions are necessary. With hypothermia, the presence of diseases, during a period of stress, the immune system is more vulnerable. This becomes the conditions for the development of infection, which leads to the onset of the inflammatory process. After this, the maturation of the abscess begins.

    Approximately 2-4 days, the connective tissue of the eye turns red, a seal forms at the edge of the eyelid, in which you can see the contents of a yellowish color.Several abscesses may form. On the 3-4th day, that is, after the barley is fully ripe, purulent seals break through. The patient’s condition immediately improves markedly. Barley often dissolves quickly. However, in some cases, it flows into a more complex form, becomes a chalazion, which may not pass for several months. Then it has to be removed promptly.

    Primary signs of barley – itching, pain at the site of formation of an abscess, lacrimation, swelling of the eyelids. Puffiness can be such that the eye completely closes and falls out of the visual process.A severe course of the disease is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, weakness, malaise, nausea and lack of appetite, headaches, and swollen lymph nodes.

    As soon as the barley appears on the eyelid, it is necessary to treat it with antiseptic agents. After opening the abscess, antibacterial drops and ointments are prescribed. Usually, drugs such as “Levomycetin”, “Floxal”, “Tsipromed” are used. It rarely comes to surgical treatment. During the operation, the abscess is opened, its contents are removed, and an antibacterial ointment is applied to the affected area of ​​the eyelid.

    Demodecosis of the century – what is this disease and how is it treated?

    Demodecosis in some classifications is considered as one of the varieties of blepharitis, when it becomes the result of a tick of the genus Demodex, an acne gland that gets under the skin of the eyelids. Getting under the skin of the eyelids into the sebaceous glands or ciliary follicles, the mite parasitizes and feeds on dead skin cells. This parasite belongs to the group of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. This means that it can be present in the body for a long time without manifesting itself.As soon as a person catches a little cold, overcooles, the acne iron begins to attack. The eyelid, affected by the parasite, begins to become inflamed. Quite often, the inflammatory process covers not only the eyelids, but also the mucous membrane of the eyes. The patient has itchy eyes, swollen eyelids, eyelashes fall out, a purulent crust forms along the edge of the eyelid, the skin in this place peels off. Barley may also appear. With the progression of the disease, photophobia, lacrimation, yellow secretion, the formation of bubbles with pus in the place of the ciliary bulbs join the above signs.The mite secretes substances that are allergens. Because of this, the skin around the eye becomes covered with a rash.

    Can demodicosis be treated with drops?

    With this condition, the eyelids hurt, so eye drops are usually not used. Even if the doctor prescribes antibacterial drugs in drops, they are not buried in the eyes, but applied to the affected area of ​​the skin and rubbed into it. However, in some cases, the doctor may prescribe eye drops for itchy eyes to be instilled into the conjunctival sac.Such a need arises with very severe itching, burning, which make a person rub his eyelids. To relieve these symptoms, a prescription for “Dexamethasone”, “Okumetil”, “Akular” is written.

    In severe forms of pathology, when inflammation covers the mucous membrane and other structures of the eyeball, other drugs for instillation are prescribed: Levofloxacin, Tobrex, Dexa-Gentamicin. They have an antibacterial effect. The drops have to be dripped from 7 to 10 days. Even after the disease is completely cured, the tick remains in the body.It can again become a source of infection, so it is important to prevent this pathology.

    Glaucoma and itchy eyes

    An ophthalmic disease characterized by increased pressure in the eyes is called glaucoma. It occurs mainly in old age and a variety of factors contribute to its development: genetic predisposition, unhealthy lifestyle, refractive errors, in particular, hyperopia, eye injuries and others. Glaucoma takes various forms.It can be open-angle and closed-angle. The pressure in the eyes can be chronically increased or paroxysmal. In any case, its increase causes severe discomfort to the patient. His eyes and head ache, and the pain spreads to the eyeballs, eyebrows, temples. This happens due to a violation of the outflow of intraocular fluid. It presses on the walls of the eye and provokes a pressure surge. This can lead to very unpleasant consequences. The eye structures, including the optic disc, begin to literally collapse under the pressure of aqueous humor.For this reason, atrophy of the nerve occurs, which performs one of the main functions in vision – it transfers images received on the retina to the brain. Atrophy cannot be treated; fibers that have already been damaged cannot be restored. This means that visual functions lost due to atrophic lesions of the eye cannot be returned either. It can end in irreversible blindness.

    It is accompanied by glaucoma and such a symptom as itchy eyes. It is absolutely impossible to scratch them.First, it doesn’t bring relief. Secondly, there is a risk of infections entering the organs of vision. Glaucoma against the background of diseases of infectious etiology is even more difficult. To relieve itching, you can use compresses from herbal infusions. Before using them, you need to consult your doctor. Glaucoma does not tolerate self-medication. Improperly selected funds can dramatically aggravate the situation.

    What drops are used to treat eyes with glaucoma?

    In case of glaucomatous processes in the eyes, several groups of drugs are prescribed, each of which is aimed at different symptoms of the disease.Among the commonly used drugs are the following solutions:

    • “Timolol”, “Okumed”, “Arutimol”. They improve the drainage of aqueous humor.
    • “Brinzolamid”, “Trusopt”, “Azopt”, which quickly reduce the pressure by about 20%.
    • “Brimonidine”, “Clonidine”, which help to reduce the production of intraocular fluid, thereby reducing its pressure on the walls of the eye chambers.
    • “Ksalakom”, “Azarga”, “Fotil” – combined drugs used in severe forms of glaucoma.Drops eliminate almost all symptoms of pathology.

    The initial stages of this disease are treated conservatively. Complex forms are forced to carry out the operation, otherwise vision will be permanently lost.

    Itching in the eyes with cataracts

    With cataracts, the lens becomes cloudy, which is responsible for focusing at different distances. Consequently, with this disease, visual acuity decreases and other visual functions deteriorate. Cataracts develop most often in the elderly. Usually people diagnosed with it have a hereditary predisposition to it.The contributing factors to the development of pathology are alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, unbalanced diet, myopia, hypertension and other ailments. Itchy eyes are not a common symptom of cataracts. First of all, eyesight suffers. Photosensitivity also develops, flies, sparks, flashes flash before the patient’s eyes, the image doubles, its contrast drops, whitish spots appear around the perimeter of the pupil. Due to a decrease in visual acuity, a person’s eyes, especially if he constantly loads them with visual work, get tired very quickly.This symptom is already accompanied by burning and itching in the eyes.

    Cataracts are treated in various ways. In the last stages, when it is no longer possible to save the lens, it is removed, and an intraocular lens is installed in the eye instead. The early stages of the disease can be cured or at least stopped its progression with the help of drug therapy. The patient is prescribed eye drops (“Vicin”, “Taufon”, “Vitafacol”) and vitamins in the form of solutions for instillations (solutions of ascorbic, nicotinic acid, riboflavin).

    All these diseases cause itchy eyes. This symptom is eliminated mainly with drops. It is possible to get rid of it completely, and not temporarily stop it, only by treating the underlying pathology. In this regard, it is not recommended to acquire eye drops for itchy eyes when they itch. It is unlikely that you will be able to accurately determine the cause of the itching, and therefore, choose the right medicine correctly. Consider another group of factors that cause burning in the eyes and itching.

    What systemic diseases cause itchy eyes?

    With some systemic diseases, itching and burning may also appear in the eyes. Most often, this symptom is also accompanied by reddening of the scleral membrane. Itchy eyes with the following pathologies and conditions:

    • diabetes mellitus;
    • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
    • hormonal disruptions;
    • hypertension.

    When the eyes itch due to ophthalmic ailments, lacrimation, diplopia, decreased vision and many other signs are observed.In case of systemic diseases, the patient is disturbed by such symptoms as:

    • high blood pressure;
    • Constant thirst and swelling due to heavy drinking;
    • vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain;
    • subfebrile body temperature;
    • frequent headaches, dizziness;
    • a sharp decrease in body weight or its gain without any objective prerequisites;
    • rash;
    • runny nose and others.

    In these cases, treatment will also be directed to the underlying pathology.The accompanying symptoms will disappear automatically after healing.

    What examinations are carried out for itchy eyes?

    If the eyes itch very often, the itching does not go away, the first thing to do is contact an ophthalmologist to exclude ophthalmological ailments or to confirm one of them. In cases where the initial examination does not give any results, computer methods for examining the organs of vision are prescribed.

    With such an ambiguous symptom, a comprehensive examination is often required.In order to accurately diagnose, you may need to consult a gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, allergist and other specialists. The patient will have to donate blood for clinical testing and allergy testing. Also, eyelids are scraped for bacteriological analysis, and eyelashes are examined under a microscope. The treatment program can be adjusted depending on the test results and the general clinical picture of the disease.

    If we talk about prevention, then it is impossible to foresee such a multitude of diseases.It is important to lead a healthy lifestyle, that is, eat right, play sports, give up bad habits. People whose professional activities are related to visual stress should do eye exercises daily. Go through examinations more often, visit the ophthalmologist’s office. Even if these measures are not sufficient to prevent the disease, you will find it in time and begin treatment.

    MagazinLinz.ru team

    Why eyes itch and what to do about it

    When to see a doctor

    Ophthalmic surgeon Alexander Kulik advises calling an ambulance or going to an ophthalmologist as soon as possible if itching in the eyes is accompanied by one of these signs:

    • sudden loss of vision or a sharp deterioration in vision during the day;
    • loss of half of the field of view or the appearance of a dark spot in front of one eye or both at once.

    Alexander Kulik

    ophthalmologist-surgeon, candidate of medical sciences, doctor of higher qualification, consultant of the Teledoktor-24 service

    These symptoms may indicate not only dangerous ailments of the eyes, but also diseases of the brain and nervous system.

    Also see a doctor immediately if you injure your eye.

    Why eyes itch

    Here are the main eight reasons .

    1. Allergy

    It occurs as a response of the immune system to foreign substances. Most often, the eyes itch with seasonal allergies caused by plant pollen. Other causes include dust, pets, insects, food, medicine, and other chemicals.

    As a result the eyelids and conjunctiva (the membrane that lines the eyelids and part of the eyeball) swell, redden, and itch. The eyes water at the same time and you feel a burning sensation. Sneezing and runny nose also occur.

    What to do

    See an ophthalmologist or allergist for an allergy prescription. To avoid unpleasant symptoms, try not to contact the irritant:

    • Keep windows closed during the flowering period and try not to go outside.
    • Do not eat foods that cause allergies.
    • Do damp mopping as often as possible.
    • If pets are allergic, walk them several times a day.Avoid touching them and wash your hands after each contact.

    2. Air Pollutants

    Some people are sensitive to smoke, exhaust fumes, dust or even certain perfumes. Contaminants cause irritation when they come into contact with the mucous membranes of the eyes, which makes them watery, itchy and burning.

    What to do

    Alexander Kulik recommends rinsing your eyes with an antiseptic miramistin and contacting an ophthalmologist. Avoid contact with irritating substances whenever possible.

    3. Conjunctivitis

    This inflammation of the conjunctiva is caused by viral or bacterial infections, chemicals or foreign objects. The eyes with conjunctivitis are red, itchy and watery, it seems to a person that sand has got under the eyelids. It is difficult to open them in the morning because of the stuck together crusts.

    Red eyes with conjunctivitis / health.com

    What to do

    Drop Miramistin and see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. Only a doctor will determine the cause of conjunctivitis and prescribe the correct treatment.

    4. Dry eye syndrome

    The disease occurs due to a lack of tears that moisturize and nourish the cornea, so the eyes redden, itch and you feel a burning sensation. Viscous mucus accumulates under the eyelids, it seems that a speck has fallen under them, it is unpleasant for a person to look at the light. Vision often deteriorates.

    Dry eye syndrome appears if:

    • few tears are produced, for example, after laser surgery or taking hormonal drugs, as well as in diabetes and other diseases;
    • Tears evaporate too quickly: when working at a computer, when twisting or twisting the eyelids;
    • factors such as wind, smoke, dry air take place.
    What to do

    Contact your ophthalmologist if you notice the symptoms described. He will determine the specific cause of the syndrome and prescribe treatment. To relieve symptoms, rinse your eyes with warm water and soap two to three times a day and apply miramistin.

    5. Syndrome of visual fatigue

    The organs of vision get tired due to prolonged and intense stress – when reading or working at the computer. In addition to itching, pain and burning in the eyes, a person complains of double vision, fear of light, pain in the head, neck or shoulders.

    What to do

    As a rule, this condition disappears immediately after rest and does not require additional treatment. Here are some tips to help you avoid eye fatigue:

    • Use a screen or print media in good lighting conditions.
    • Take breaks as often as possible. Get distracted for a few seconds, blink and look into the distance.
    • Limit the amount of time you can use the monitor if possible.
    • Apply eye drops with artificial tears.
    • Use special computer glasses.

    If these recommendations do not help, contact your ophthalmologist.

    6. Contact lenses

    If you wear them continuously or take care of them improperly, can lead to papillary conjunctivitis. At the same time, the eyes turn red, watery and itch.

    What to do

    Visit an ophthalmologist as soon as possible, as in some cases contact lenses will need to be replaced.Stop wearing them until symptoms go away. To avoid this situation in the future, carefully follow the hygiene recommendations:

    • wash your hands with soap and water before handling lenses;
    • minimize contact of lenses with water and saliva;
    • Limit the time you wear your lenses, be sure to take them off at night;
    • Treat lenses with special solution before and after use.

    7. Blepharitis

    This is an inflammation of the eyelids, which usually appears at their edge, where the eyelashes and sebaceous glands are located.The causes of the disease are many: blockage of the sebaceous glands, allergies, bacterial infection, ciliary mites and even dandruff. Eyes with blepharitis are reddened and swollen, they itch, watery, and there is a burning sensation. A person is afraid of bright light, it seems that sand has got under his eyelids. Eyelashes stick together in the morning and fall out easily.

    Blepharitis does not impair vision, but it is rather difficult to treat, and it often becomes chronic and causes complications: conjunctivitis, barley, corneal ulcers or scars on the eyelids.

    Eye for blepharitis / betanclinics.nl

    What to do

    Rinse the affected eyelid with soap and water two to four times a day and instill miramistin in the eye. Avoid wearing makeup or contact lenses until blepharitis is gone.

    To reduce inflammation, moisten a washcloth with warm water and apply to the eyelid for five minutes. Do this two to three times a day.

    Alexander Kulik

    Contact an ophthalmologist if after two days you have not noticed any improvement.

    8. Barley

    This is an inflammation of the sebaceous gland at the edge of the eyelid, similar to a boil or pimple with a white point of pus in the center. The disease is caused by bacteria that enter the eye with unwashed hands or contact lenses. In addition to itching, a person complains of soreness and swelling of the eyelid, eyes watery. Barley does not impair vision and usually goes away on its own.

    Eye with barley / babycenter.com/

    What to do

    It is enough to keep the eye clean so that the infection does not spread further.To do this, rinse the eyelid with warm water and soap two to three times a day and instill miramistin. Don’t wear contact lenses or make-up until the stye is gone. To relieve pain, apply a washcloth soaked in warm water to your eyelid two to three times a day for five minutes.

    Visit an ophthalmologist if the condition does not improve after two days or if the redness and swelling extend beyond the eyelid.

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    Why do eyelids itch and how to make you feel better?

    Itching of the eyelids is a feeling of irritation that makes you want to scratch your eyelids.Its appearance should be alarming. After all, this symptom may indicate hormonal disruptions, immune disorders, diseases of internal organs, ophthalmic diseases, and even visual defects.

    Does itching always indicate a health problem? And what if he appears? Let’s sort it out in order.

    Itching of the eyelids and accompanying symptoms

    Mild itching of the eyelids can appear in everyday life, even if you are healthy. For example, when you are walking in windy weather, sit for a long time in a room with the air conditioner turned on or rub your eyes with your hands.In such cases, itching and discomfort is a natural reaction of the body, which occurs in response to irritation. Don’t worry about her.

    If the itching does not go away for a long time, then most likely it has a serious cause. However, he may be accompanied by:

    • edema of the eyelids;

    • thickening of their edges;

    • burning sensation;

    • redness of the skin;

    • the formation of crusts along the edges of the eyelids.

    Different diseases are characterized by a combination of different symptoms. With allergies, the eyelids itch and swell, with dermatitis – itchy and flaky, with blepharitis – they become crusted and their edges thicken. An experienced ophthalmologist can easily distinguish between these symptoms and make the correct diagnosis.

    Causes of itching, redness, peeling

    Itching is one of the signs of inflammation. It occurs in inflammatory processes in the eyelid region, which can be infectious, allergic or immune in nature.Often, the eyelids become inflamed in response to mechanical irritation. Inflammation always has a cause. Let’s consider the main ones.

    Eye diseases

    Persistent itching that persists for at least a few days usually indicates ophthalmic diseases.

    The most common ones:

    1. Chronic blepharitis – infectious inflammation of the edges of the eyelids. Most often it is bacterial in nature. The disease is characterized by discomfort, thickening of the eyelids, their redness and peeling.

    2. Demodecosis century is a parasitic disease caused by ticks of the genus Demodex. Symptoms resemble blepharitis, but demodicosis is accompanied by the appearance of acne on the face.

    3. Atopic dermatitis – an inflammatory lesion of the eyelid skin. It can be of a viral or allergic nature, develop under the influence of physical or chemical factors. It manifests itself as itching, burning, swelling and redness of the eyelids.

    4. Dry eye syndrome – drying out of the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) and the cornea of ​​the eyeball. It occurs due to dysfunction of the meibomian glands or under the influence of unfavorable factors. Symptoms are a feeling of dryness, discomfort, sand in the eyes.

    According to the clinical picture, you can suspect this or that disease. But to find out the exact diagnosis, you need to visit an ophthalmologist and be examined.You should start treatment after receiving a doctor’s recommendation. Never treat yourself, even if you think you know your diagnosis. This can be hazardous to your health.

    Allergic reactions

    Another common cause of itching is allergies to cosmetics, pollen, pet hair, etc.

    Typical for allergic reactions:

    • severe itching and burning;

    • severe edema;

    • redness of the skin in the eyelid area.

    If you are allergic, pay attention to what time the symptoms appear. Soon after exposure to an allergen? If so, then most likely the cause is your allergy. To clarify the diagnosis, see your doctor.

    Lack of optical correction

    People with farsightedness and astigmatism who do not wear glasses or lenses often develop chronic blepharitis. And they, in turn, cause itching. Therefore, if you see poorly, be sure to check your visual acuity.It is possible that it is the visual defects that are the cause of the discomfort.

    Contact lens wear

    In people who wear lenses, the eyelids may itch due to individual intolerance (allergies). It is most often caused by solutions, much less often by the material of the contact lenses themselves.

    Typical for allergies:

    • severe itching and burning;

    • redness of the eyes;

    • lacrimation;

    • slight photophobia;

    • the appearance of papules on the inner membrane of the eyelids (conjunctiva).

    If your eyelids start to itch and itch from the lenses, you most likely have allergic (papillary) conjunctivitis. An ophthalmologist can diagnose it after examining you. If the doctor confirms the diagnosis, you will need to change lenses and / or solution. And, of course, get treatment.

    Mild itching may indicate dry eye syndrome. It most often develops in people who use inappropriate solutions, interfere with lens wear, or discard worn-out items at the wrong time.The problem can be faced by men and women who sit at a computer for a long time or are often in a room with an air conditioner working.

    Dry eye syndrome manifests:

    • frequent discomfort;

    • periodic lacrimation;

    • sensation of a foreign body in the eyes;

    • slight burning sensation;

    • redness of the eyes.

    Pathology is diagnosed using Schirmer’s test. To clarify the diagnosis, consult an ophthalmologist. Your doctor will examine you and prescribe moisturizing drops if needed.

    Other diseases

    The eyelids are often itchy in people with diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. This symptom can occur when there is a lack of vitamin B in the body. If you go to doctors for a long time and cannot find the cause of the itching in any way, get tested.It is possible that you will be diagnosed with some of these disorders.

    Why does the child’s eyelids itch

    In children, the eyelids can itch for various reasons. This most often happens when dust, dirt, sand, or water gets into the child’s eyes. Often, itching has more serious causes and indicates allergic reactions, blepharitis, skin diseases.

    If your child has itchy or itchy eyelids, see a doctor right away. The specialist will examine the baby, diagnose and prescribe treatment.Do not try to treat the child on your own, because you seriously risk harming him.

    Treatment of itching

    Treatment tactics directly depend on the cause of the itching. If it is caused by diseases of internal organs, metabolic or hormonal disorders, first of all it is necessary to treat them. It is possible that the itching will go away when you fix the root cause.

    If the cause of itching is in eye diseases, then it is they that require treatment. In this case, you need the help of an ophthalmologist.The doctor will examine you and then prescribe the necessary medications. You will most likely need eye drops and ointments, as well as eyelid hygiene. You may be prescribed medications from different groups: antibiotics, antiparasitic, hyposensitizing, vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.

    If you wear lenses and think your eyelids are itchy because of them, see a contact vision specialist. He will find out the reason and tell you what is the best way to proceed. Expect to change lenses or solution, and to undergo treatment that lasts at least two weeks.

    Prevention of itching when wearing lenses

    To avoid itching and irritation, contact lenses must be worn correctly. Namely – to select only with the help of a doctor, observe the terms of wearing, clean only with multi-purpose solutions intended for this. This way you protect yourself from complications.

    If you wear lenses from morning to night, sit at the computer for a long time, or spend a lot of time in an air-conditioned room, you need to use moisturizing drops.They wet the surface of the eye and prevent it from drying out. This means that they prevent the development of dry eye syndrome. If you are not using drops yet, see your doctor to help you find them.

    90,000 causes, diagnosis and treatment [GKDB]

    Itching in the corners of the eyes brings both physical and aesthetic discomfort: the eyes redden and swell. To get rid of this unpleasant sensation, you need to find out its root cause.

    Causes of itching in the corners of the eyes

    The most common cause of itchy eyes is an allergic reaction. But this is not the only option: the corners of the eyes can itch with the development of an acute respiratory viral infection or, for example, from a burn when working with a welding machine.

    The main factors that cause itching in the corners of the eyes are:

    • Allergy to dust, pollen, cosmetics, etc.
    • Blepharitis
      (inflammation of the eyelids)
    • Viral infections
    • Injury of the eyeball
    • Lacrimation disorder (eg dry eye syndrome)
    • Contact with a foreign body.

    Diseases associated with itching in the corners of the eyes

    Itching in the corners of the eyes can also cause some diseases of the eye apparatus. Among them:

    • Glaucoma
      (increased intraocular pressure)
    • Trachoma (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye)
    • Cataract
      (progressive clouding of the lens)
    • Conjunctivitis
      (inflammation of the mucous membrane and eyelids)
    • Barley (eye infection).

    Diagnosis and treatment of itching in the corners of the eyes

    If there are no visible reasons – an allergen or injury – then it is quite difficult to independently determine the cause of the itching in the corners of the eyes. Therefore, when this symptom appears, we advise you not to rub your eyes too much and, of course, contact an ophthalmologist.

    Only a professional will be able to determine the factor that caused the itching. After diagnosing the organs of vision, the ophthalmologist will prescribe a suitable treatment or give recommendations for visiting an allergist.

    Come to the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova. We employ only experienced doctors who are always ready to help you.

    How to remove eye redness and why it occurs

    Itching and redness of the eyes are common and often accompanies the other. The eyes turn red due to the expansion of small blood vessels located on the surface of the eyeball. Usually they cannot be seen, but under the influence of an external stimulus or disease, the vessels become brighter.Also, bloody spots appear in the scleral area.

    How to remove redness of the eyes, for what reasons it occurs and how to avoid its appearance – experts answer.

    Concomitant symptoms

    Severe redness of the eye is not the only sign of inflammation. It is worth paying attention to other symptoms:

    • profuse lacrimation;
    • fear of light, discomfort from being outside for a long time on a sunny day;
    • deterioration of vision;
    • painful sensations.

    If you feel itching or pain, first check for a foreign body such as a grain of sand, a hair, or an eyelash in your eye. Not found – then in no case rub your eyes, otherwise the discomfort will only intensify. Then you should immediately make an appointment with a doctor.

    Why inflammation and redness of the eyes can occur

    Foreign body contamination – Common cause. A speck of dust when cleaning, a grain of sand when playing with a child in a sandbox … If you do not pull out a foreign body, inflammation is inevitable.But you do not need to aggressively rub your eyes or blink strongly – from the compression of the eyelids, you can damage the cornea.

    Allergy and eye redness are almost inseparable. Pollen, pet hair, dust and fluff are dozens of allergens. Signs of an exacerbation of allergies are red, swollen eyes, runny nose, watery eyes, and coughing. Anything that can cause these symptoms should be avoided during this period.

    Improper diet – if the diet is not balanced, it affects the eyes as well.Especially often they turn red in winter, when people lack vitamins. Therefore, it is important to take care of the purchase of the complex in advance, which should be drunk on time.

    Visiting places with sharp temperature changes – these include, for example, baths and saunas. Eye irritation is caused by the dryness of the membrane exposed to hot water vapor.

    Bad habits – smoking and drinking alcohol. Tobacco constricts blood vessels, strong drink – on the contrary, expands.This disrupts blood circulation in the eye area, which affects their condition and appearance. In addition, tobacco smoke contributes to the emergence of other diseases.

    Incorrectly fitted glasses – most often it concerns diopters, but even an unsuitable frame can cause redness. If you were prescribed glasses and after a while you realized that wearing them is uncomfortable, return to the ophthalmologist and talk to him.

    Contact lenses – if you have just started wearing them, then the first days in lenses will only bring you fatigue; redness of the eyes in this case is inevitable.The eyes will perceive them as foreign bodies and will reject them at first. Also, the unsuitable model can bring discomfort.

    Cosmetics with allergens – mascara, eye shadow, eyeliner. They differ in complex compositions, and not all components are suitable for every person. Some can cause an allergic reaction. If you find that one of your products is irritating to your eyes, wash it off immediately and look for a safe alternative.

    Eye strain – after a long work at the computer, almost everyone encounters this.To keep your eyes resting, take breaks every hour and do vision exercises. Do not forget to blink more often, use special glasses for working at the computer, reading and driving.

    Failure to comply with the daily routine – if you are awake at night, including in the wrong lighting, it affects your vision. For any work, you need to choose places with good light, and at night it is better to sleep off – and then in the morning the sunlight will not blind you.

    Frequent tears – even if sometimes it is useful to give vent to emotions, but the eyes get tired, swollen and redden from this.In addition, a person rubs a tear-stained face twice more often than only worsens their condition.

    How to get rid of eye redness?

    Treatment depends on the reason for the dilated blood vessels and itching and pain. If the problem is a lack of vitamins, it needs to be replenished with the help of a suitable complex – the result will not be instant, but excellent.